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Utilisation de GR4J sous Excel

Application du modle pluie-dbit mensuel GR2M sous Excel


Cemagref, UR Hydrosystmes et Bioprocds, Antony
Contacts: Charles Perrin (charles.perrin@cemagref.fr), Vazken Andrassian (vazken.andreassian@cemagref.fr)
Version 1.0
Octobre 2006
Avertissement: Application propose des fins pdagogiques
Les rsultats obtenus partir de cette application sont de l'entire responsabilit de l'utilisateur

Lire les instructions ci-dessous avant utilisation

Introduction
La feuille "GR2M" permet de faire des simulations de dbit au pas de temps mensuel l'aide du modle GR2M (voir schma ci-
dessous). La version utilise ici est celle prsente par Mouelhi (2003) et Moulehi et al. (2006). On se rfrera ces documents
pour avoir plus de dtails sur ce modle.
Mouelhi, S., 2003. Vers une chane cohrente de modles pluie-dbit conceptuels globaux aux pas de temps pluriannuel,
annuel, mensuel et journalier. Thse de Doctorat, ENGREF, Cemagref Antony, France, 323 pp.
Mouelhi, S., C. Michel, C. Perrin, and V. Andrassian (2006), Stepwise development of a two-parameter monthly water balance
model, J. Hydrol., 318, 200-214, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.1006.1014.

S X 1 P
(1 ) S1 w ith tanh
E P
1
S X1
X1
(1 ) (2 )
e v a p o r a ti o n (3 ) P1 P S S 1
(2 )
S 1 1 E
(3 ) S 2 w ith tanh
S X 1
P r o d u c ti o n X 1 1 1 1
S X 1
sto re
(4 ) S2 P2 S S
S 1/3
2
(4 ) S
3
P2 P1 1 2
X
1
(5 ) P3 (5 ) P 3 P1 P 2
(6 )

O u tsid e o f X2 60 m m (6 ) R 1 R P3
th e b a s in R
(7 ) R o u t in g
s to r e (7 ) R 2 X 5 .R 1
(8 ) Q (8 ) R 22
Q R R2 Q
R 2 60

Donnes rentrer
Pour une utilisation sur un bassin donn, l'utilisateur doit remplir les cellules en jaune avec les donnes suivantes:
- les valeurs transformes des deux paramtres (cellules D12 et D13); ce sont en fait les valeurs relles des cellules E12 et
E13 qui sont utilises dans les calculs; les transformations appliques sont donnes par les formules des cellules E12 et E13;
l'utilisation des valeurs transformes est plus commode pour le cas o l'on optimise les paramtres par le solveur;
- les valeurs initiales des taux de remplissage des deux rservoirs (cellules E16 et E17); l'effet d'une mauvaise initialisation de
ces tats internes dans le calcul des critres est en fait limit par l'utilisation d'une anne de mise en route;
- la longueur de la priode de mise en route (cellule E20). Un minimum d'une anne complte (12 mois) est gnralement
conseill;
- le nombre de pas de temps (cellule E21) sur lesquels les critres d'efficacit seront calculs;
- les chroniques de pluie (mm), ETP (mm), dbit (mm) (cellules A40:D40 et suivantes, chaque ligne reprsentant un mois);
La pluie et l'ETP sont utilises comme entres du modle. Le dbit est utilis pour le calage des paramtres et l'valuation des
performances.
La convention adopte pour les lacunes est une valeur ngative.
La priode de simulation choisie doit tre exempte de lacunes de pluie et d'vapotranspiration potentielle,
des lacunes dans les dbits n'tant, elles, pas gnantes.
Utilisation de GR4J sous Excel

Rq: les pluies correspondent aux pluies moyennes de bassin, ventuellement issue d'une moyenne de plusieurs postes

Simulations
Le tableur calcule chaque pas de temps les diffrents tats internes du modle (cellules F40 O40 et suivantes) et le dbit
(cellule P40). L'unit adopte est le mm.
Rq: les formules de la ligne 40 (qui prend en compte les valeurs initiales S0 et R0 des niveaux des rservoirs - cellules E16 et
E17) diffrent de celles de la ligne 41 et suivantes (qui doivent tre identiques). Il faut recopier les formules de la ligne 41 sur
les lignes suivantes autant de fois que ncessaire pour raliser la simulation sur toute la priode.

Critres d'efficacit
Quatre critres d'efficacit sont calculs pour juger de la qualit des simulations (cellules E32 E35):
- critre de Nash-Sutcliffe calcul sur les dbits
- critre de Nash-Sutcliffe calcul sur les racines carres des dbits
- critre de Nash-Sutcliffe calcul sur les logarithmes des dbits
- critre de bilan
Le calcul de ces critres exclut les rsultats sur les n premiers pas de temps (cellule E20) rservs pour la mise en route du
modle (l'effet d'une mauvaise initialisation de ces tats internes dans le calcul des critres est en fait limit par l'utilisation
d'une priode de mise en route).
Important: Le calcul du critre s'adapte la longueur de la priode choisie (cellule E21)

Optimisation
Les valeurs des paramtres du modle peuvent tre optimises en utilisant la fonction "Solveur" d'Excel (disponible dans le
menu Outils. Si le solveur n'est pas install, aller dans Outils\Macro complmentaires et cocher la fonction Solveur).
Dans "Cellule cible dfinir", on pourra choisir comme fonction objectif l'un des critres de Nash mentionns ci-dessus, suivant
l'application laquelle on s'intresse, et on le maximisera (le critre de Bilan seul n'est pas un bon critre d'optimisation).
Dans "Cellules variables", on choisira les valeurs transformes des paramtres, c'est--dire les cellules D12 et D13.
En dbut d'optimisation, on pourra choisir les valeurs initiales suivantes pour les paramtres transforms: x1=6, x2=1
Nota: la mthode d'optimisation utilise dans le solveur n'a pas fait l'objet de tests pralables particuliers de fiabilit
pour ce modle. Garder un oeil critique sur les rsultats de l'optimisation.

Graphiques
Quatre graphiques sont donns pour illustrer les rsultats du modle:
- feuille "S": donne l'volution du taux de remplissage du rservoir de production;
- feuille "R": donne l'volution du taux de remplissage du rservoir de routage;
- feuille "Hydrogrammes": permet de visualiser les chroniques de dbits observs et simuls;
- feuille "Dbit XY": compare les dbits observs et les dbits simuls (pour une bonne comparaison, on veillera avoir les
mmes gammes d'chelle en absisse et en ordonne.
Modle pluie-dbit mensuel GR2M (version Mouelhi et al., 2006)

(Rq: seules les cellules en jaune sont modifier, les autres sont issues de calculs; les formules des cellules F41 AE41 so
recopier sur les lignes suivantes pour les calculs des pas de temps suivants)

Nom du bassin La Seine Paris Austerlitz

Superficie du bassin (km) 43800

Paramtres modle Transf. Rels


x1: Capacit rs. production (mm) 6.48 650.70
x2: Paramtre d'change (mm) 0.80 0.80

Valeurs initiales
Niveau de remplissage initial S0 (max.: x1 mm) 325.35
Niveau de remplissage initial R0 (max.: 60 mm) 30

Priode
Longueur de la priode de mise en route (mois) 12
Dure de la priode test (mois) 50
Date de dpart 01/1991
Date de fin 03/1995

Moyenne des pluies observes (mm/mois) 68.0


Moyenne des ETP observes (mm/mois) 57.5
Moyenne des dbits observs (mm/mois) 17.1
Moyenne des racines des dbits observs 3.9
Moyenne des log des dbits observs 2.6

Critres d'efficacit (%)


Nash(Q) 86.1
Nash(VQ) 85.2
Nash(ln(Q)) 81.4
Bilan 103.3

Donnes Variables du modle


Mois Pluie (mm) ETP (mm) Dbit (mm) S1 P1
Jan-90 52.79 10.44 9.07 363.32 14.82
Feb-90 106.52 18.42 19.99 408.78 35.35
Mar-90 16.67 44.05 16.29 379.00 5.49
Apr-90 60.44 72.97 7.37 371.21 17.52
May-90 34.25 100.41 6.64 329.75 8.12
Jun-90 90.44 114.86 5.62 326.61 18.21
Jul-90 38.61 125.19 6.95 276.00 6.17
Aug-90 54.99 103.16 5.59 247.99 6.54
Sep-90 50.85 67.37 6.18 234.34 5.41
Oct-90 94.71 31.8 8.24 277.37 12.70
Nov-90 77.96 13.07 17.63 314.67 14.88
Dec-90 93.35 9.42 19.44 364.50 24.21
Jan-91 70.02 10.44 46.36 387.33 21.91
Feb-91 28.17 18.42 13.9 375.86 8.93
Mar-91 54.96 44.05 18.7 380.41 17.00
Apr-91 43.16 72.97 9.98 360.41 12.15
May-91 16.8 100.41 7.2 308.35 3.61
Jun-91 75.27 114.86 5.91 300.00 12.95
Jul-91 57.19 125.19 5.92 272.06 8.33
Aug-91 29.06 103.16 5.55 222.61 3.02
Sep-91 72.96 67.37 5.13 234.87 7.12
Oct-91 50.2 31.8 7.42 240.33 5.67
Nov-91 89.78 13.07 12.13 294.54 14.15
Dec-91 55.23 9.42 12.66 321.35 11.75
Jan-92 13.74 10.44 8.9 314.04 3.09
Feb-92 46.3 19.4 9.98 331.95 10.82
Mar-92 73.18 44.05 11.98 359.93 19.26
Apr-92 46.4 72.97 15.96 347.59 11.99
May-92 48.99 100.41 6.71 323.29 10.73
Jun-92 67.16 114.86 6.17 304.28 12.23
Jul-92 62.05 125.19 6.28 279.11 9.42
Aug-92 82.35 103.16 5.52 273.12 11.10
Sep-92 42.61 67.37 6.81 245.99 5.22
Oct-92 94.97 31.8 9.01 286.34 13.75
Nov-92 125.26 13.07 25.86 356.13 28.52
Dec-92 54.95 9.42 31.77 369.12 15.91
Jan-93 74.97 10.44 21.3 393.77 24.14
Feb-93 15.9 18.42 15.61 372.44 5.06
Mar-93 10.36 44.05 8.62 347.20 2.89
Apr-93 80.82 72.97 9.11 362.47 21.26
May-93 66.73 100.41 7.93 347.10 16.41
Jun-93 76.12 114.86 6.96 327.89 16.06
Jul-93 64.87 125.19 7.1 298.06 11.34
Aug-93 24.97 103.16 5.43 238.09 3.05
Sep-93 141.04 67.37 9.19 302.07 20.11
Oct-93 104.61 31.8 25.95 334.75 21.53
Nov-93 28.2 13.07 13.73 322.20 6.46
Dec-93 151.97 9.42 32.74 407.69 46.08
Jan-94 106.53 10.44 66.93 437.71 41.64
Feb-94 78.77 18.42 45.49 440.30 32.50
Mar-94 60.37 44.05 32.51 427.28 23.91
Apr-94 82.65 72.97 34.81 417.58 30.03
May-94 81.59 100.41 17.33 394.53 26.06
Jun-94 67.84 114.86 14.72 354.43 17.45
Jul-94 70.19 125.19 9.31 320.63 14.29
Aug-94 60.56 103.16 9.49 284.11 9.62
Sep-94 102.27 67.37 13.44 302.87 16.59
Oct-94 64.31 31.8 13.28 304.78 11.85
Nov-94 54.59 13.07 15.14 318.44 11.40
Dec-94 92.02 9.42 17.82 366.38 24.23
Jan-95 145.16 10.44 48.42 433.70 52.20
Feb-95 93.99 18.42 55.79 446.06 39.12
Mar-95 109.48 44.05 53.72 457.10 47.26
Apr-95 83.68 72.97 37.25 436.42 33.60
May-95 81.83 100.41 34.84 406.70 28.02
Jun-95 33.15 114.86 15.06 337.99 8.31
Jul-95 65.78 125.19 10.46 305.85 12.17
Aug-95 48.78 103.16 8.3 263.98 6.83
Sep-95 100.7 67.37 10.62 287.67 14.47
Oct-95 47.47 31.8 13.28 279.69 7.59
Nov-95 35.79 13.07 10.69 283.30 6.10
Dec-95 61.35 9.42 12.3 316.86 12.45
Jan-96 48.43 10.44 16.91 336.38 11.59
Feb-96 69.42 19.4 20.13 365.77 19.11
Mar-96 13.59 44.05 14.65 343.67 3.68
Apr-96 12.44 72.97 8.11 309.75 2.73
May-96 90.88 100.41 7.67 327.17 18.35
Jun-96 18.56 114.86 6.03 267.97 2.97
Jul-96 39.9 125.19 5.55 234.10 4.43
Aug-96 85.39 103.16 5.88 244.72 8.73
Sep-96 34.93 67.37 5.65 217.89 3.38
Oct-96 63.05 31.8 7.2 237.97 6.61
Nov-96 168.22 13.07 21.15 351.74 33.29
Dec-96 50.77 9.42 36.56 362.97 14.28
Jan-97 16.3 10.44 14.07 349.74 4.55
Feb-97 99.54 18.42 19.25 395.22 30.88
Mar-97 18.18 44.05 28.36 370.03 5.68
Apr-97 25.97 72.97 9.16 340.47 6.72
May-97 94.15 100.41 9.63 351.21 22.32
Jun-97 131.61 114.86 7.65 370.09 32.52
Jul-97 55.53 125.19 12.37 320.37 11.73
Aug-97 76.2 103.16 9.01 296.45 12.72
Sep-97 27.51 67.37 9.6 250.65 3.71
Oct-97 54.02 31.8 9.11 256.10 6.94
Nov-97 104.12 13.07 14.37 318.09 18.95
Dec-97 95.38 9.42 29.38 368.42 25.26
Jan-98 83.24 10.44 37.84 398.48 27.13
Feb-98 14.6 18.42 14.78 375.08 4.72
Mar-98 32.47 44.05 12.05 364.71 9.58
Apr-98 161.19 72.97 33.06 424.74 53.45
May-98 31.44 100.41 28.3 366.37 9.38
Jun-98 55.54 114.86 8.56 326.00 12.19
Jul-98 41.48 125.19 6.46 277.91 6.67
Aug-98 31.27 103.16 5.55 228.83 3.42
Sep-98 102.84 67.37 7.65 264.79 11.94
Oct-98 159.77 31.8 12.9 348.95 31.64
Nov-98 49.75 13.07 27.38 349.03 12.87
Dec-98 54.83 9.42 22.82 363.73 15.37
Jan-99 79.62 10.44 27.97 392.94 25.29
Feb-99 85.51 18.42 40.5 415.83 30.63
Mar-99 82.44 44.05 58.54 424.42 31.10
Apr-99 86.12 72.97 30.92 417.82 31.16
May-99 65.42 100.41 17.67 384.31 20.29
Jun-99 65.3 114.86 9.84 345.65 15.96
Jul-99 60.79 125.19 9.18 307.33 11.53
Aug-99 57.87 103.16 7.71 272.57 8.44
Sep-99 124.59 67.37 8.14 312.35 20.40
Oct-99 52.69 31.8 14.73 302.88 9.90
Nov-99 52.29 13.07 11.37 315.17 10.74
Dec-99 184.62 9.42 41.29 422.53 57.88
Jan-00 37.24 10.44 48.41 407.25 13.77
Feb-00 98.75 19.4 42.63 432.60 37.98
Mar-00 51.27 44.05 35.46 416.50 19.47
Apr-00 84.27 72.97 23.96 411.70 29.56
May-00 84.68 100.41 16.93 392.68 26.61
Jun-00 42.53 114.86 13.03 334.94 10.23
Jul-00 162.44 125.19 17.05 373.94 38.42
Aug-00 50.25 103.16 16.7 313.15 10.23
Sep-00 75.22 67.37 12.75 301.95 13.14
Oct-00 104.56 31.8 21.11 334.62 21.50
Nov-00 122.52 13.07 34.66 388.12 34.77
Dec-00 73 9.42 38.5 403.58 24.94
Jan-01 81.6 10.44 37.95 421.06 30.27
Feb-01 52.34 18.42 33.38 414.74 19.66
Mar-01 151.49 44.05 60.05 460.79 62.97
Apr-01 122.7 72.97 60.3 459.05 52.57
May-01 57.42 100.41 48.96 406.13 20.43
Jun-01 49.77 114.86 14.45 349.58 12.92
Jul-01 137.34 125.19 17.7 365.86 32.53
Aug-01 72.71 103.16 13.53 324.69 15.13
Sep-01 110.6 67.37 16.27 336.71 22.73
Oct-01 87.78 31.8 24.92 347.05 20.54
Nov-01 80.7 13.07 19.55 369.15 22.15
Dec-01 65.34 9.42 31.61 385.51 20.41
ules des cellules F41 AE41 sont

S2 S P2 P3 R1 F R2
354.97 337.61 17.36 32.18 62.18 -12.28 49.90
393.07 367.82 25.25 60.61 87.85 -17.35 70.51
343.68 328.29 15.39 20.88 53.30 -10.52 42.77
314.66 303.62 11.04 28.56 53.53 -10.57 42.96
259.66 254.38 5.28 13.40 38.44 -7.59 30.85
247.97 243.56 4.41 22.62 43.00 -8.49 34.51
201.49 199.54 1.96 8.12 30.03 -5.93 24.10
190.46 188.90 1.57 8.11 25.30 -5.00 20.31
197.15 195.35 1.79 7.20 22.38 -4.42 17.96
256.63 251.59 5.04 17.74 31.56 -6.23 25.33
305.19 295.36 9.83 24.71 42.52 -8.39 34.12
356.95 339.23 17.72 41.93 63.68 -12.57 51.11
378.66 356.62 22.04 43.95 71.55 -14.13 57.42
360.91 342.45 18.46 27.39 56.74 -11.20 45.53
345.01 329.39 15.61 32.61 58.50 -11.55 46.95
304.97 295.17 9.80 21.95 48.29 -9.53 38.75
241.68 237.69 3.99 7.61 31.15 -6.15 25.00
226.28 223.20 3.09 16.04 33.69 -6.65 27.04
198.41 196.57 1.84 10.17 28.81 -5.69 23.12
170.02 169.02 1.00 4.02 20.71 -4.09 16.62
197.61 195.80 1.81 8.93 21.94 -4.33 17.61
221.77 218.91 2.85 8.52 22.13 -4.37 17.76
285.49 277.88 7.61 21.76 35.47 -7.00 28.47
314.40 303.40 11.00 22.76 42.06 -8.31 33.76
306.46 296.48 9.98 13.08 34.68 -6.85 27.83
317.43 306.01 11.41 22.23 41.25 -8.14 33.10
325.76 313.18 12.59 31.85 53.18 -10.50 42.68
293.50 285.04 8.47 20.45 45.39 -8.96 36.43
254.22 249.35 4.86 15.60 38.26 -7.56 30.71
229.75 226.48 3.28 15.51 35.82 -7.07 28.75
203.93 201.88 2.05 11.47 30.91 -6.10 24.81
210.94 208.60 2.34 13.45 31.00 -6.12 24.88
207.31 205.12 2.19 7.40 24.99 -4.93 20.06
265.11 259.39 5.72 19.47 34.50 -6.81 27.69
345.83 330.08 15.75 44.27 63.22 -12.48 50.74
361.52 342.94 18.58 34.48 61.97 -12.24 49.74
385.02 361.60 23.42 47.55 74.75 -14.76 59.99
357.57 339.73 17.84 22.90 52.89 -10.44 42.45
313.84 302.91 10.93 13.82 38.68 -7.64 31.04
306.81 296.78 10.03 31.29 51.75 -10.22 41.53
274.36 267.83 6.53 22.94 47.49 -9.38 38.11
249.02 244.54 4.49 20.55 43.85 -8.66 35.20
218.87 216.16 2.71 14.05 36.24 -7.15 29.08
182.46 181.14 1.32 4.37 23.95 -4.73 19.22
256.71 251.67 5.05 25.16 39.72 -7.84 31.88
311.03 300.46 10.56 32.09 52.91 -10.45 42.46
312.56 301.80 10.76 17.22 42.09 -8.31 33.78
399.63 372.82 26.81 72.89 94.50 -18.66 75.84
428.44 394.04 34.40 76.04 109.54 -21.63 87.91
423.96 390.82 33.14 65.65 101.31 -20.00 81.30
389.36 364.96 24.40 48.31 82.83 -16.36 66.48
356.68 339.00 17.67 47.71 79.24 -15.65 63.60
315.13 304.03 11.10 37.17 68.04 -13.43 54.60
270.95 264.73 6.22 23.67 52.26 -10.32 41.94
236.86 233.17 3.69 17.98 42.66 -8.42 34.24
219.96 217.19 2.76 12.38 34.18 -6.75 27.43
257.43 252.32 5.10 21.70 40.52 -8.00 32.52
282.57 275.25 7.32 19.17 40.26 -7.95 32.31
308.87 298.59 10.29 21.69 42.69 -8.43 34.26
358.81 340.74 18.07 42.29 64.10 -12.66 51.45
424.47 391.19 33.28 85.48 113.18 -22.35 90.83
429.61 394.88 34.74 73.85 109.98 -21.72 88.27
417.80 386.34 31.46 78.72 114.43 -22.60 91.84
373.94 352.89 21.04 54.64 90.93 -17.96 72.98
325.74 313.15 12.58 40.60 73.53 -14.52 59.01
257.34 252.24 5.10 13.41 43.16 -8.52 34.64
225.06 222.04 3.02 15.19 37.15 -7.34 29.81
203.47 201.44 2.03 8.86 28.78 -5.68 23.10
243.95 239.81 4.14 18.61 35.29 -6.97 28.32
258.82 253.61 5.21 12.80 32.04 -6.33 25.71
274.50 267.95 6.54 12.65 30.65 -6.05 24.60
309.97 299.54 10.43 22.87 40.32 -7.96 32.36
328.44 315.46 12.98 24.57 45.59 -9.00 36.59
350.29 333.77 16.53 35.63 58.36 -11.52 46.84
310.54 300.04 10.50 14.18 40.49 -7.99 32.49
259.95 254.65 5.30 8.03 29.11 -5.75 23.36
257.48 252.38 5.11 23.46 40.28 -7.95 32.32
200.54 198.62 1.92 4.89 25.90 -5.11 20.78
169.04 168.06 0.98 5.40 20.84 -4.11 16.72
187.82 186.34 1.48 10.22 23.29 -4.60 18.69
182.86 181.53 1.33 4.71 18.97 -3.74 15.22
219.55 216.81 2.74 9.35 21.49 -4.24 17.25
341.52 326.49 15.03 48.32 61.72 -12.19 49.53
355.45 338.00 17.45 31.73 58.87 -11.62 47.24
341.60 326.55 15.04 19.60 46.03 -9.09 36.94
379.81 357.53 22.28 53.16 76.02 -15.01 61.01
335.24 321.22 14.02 19.71 49.96 -9.86 40.09
287.16 279.38 7.78 14.50 38.54 -7.61 30.93
277.86 271.00 6.86 29.18 49.58 -9.79 39.79
284.03 276.57 7.46 39.99 63.91 -12.62 51.29
236.65 232.97 3.68 15.40 43.06 -8.50 34.56
230.15 226.85 3.30 16.02 37.94 -7.49 30.45
211.38 209.02 2.36 6.07 26.27 -5.19 21.08
236.59 232.92 3.67 10.61 26.21 -5.18 21.04
308.54 298.29 10.24 29.19 44.77 -8.84 35.93
360.82 342.37 18.45 43.70 66.17 -13.07 53.11
389.67 365.20 24.47 51.59 79.77 -15.75 64.02
360.14 341.82 18.32 23.04 54.02 -10.67 43.35
330.25 317.00 13.25 22.83 48.00 -9.48 38.52
363.22 344.31 18.90 72.36 95.82 -18.92 76.90
290.82 282.65 8.17 17.56 51.26 -10.12 41.14
247.47 243.09 4.38 16.57 40.98 -8.09 32.88
202.99 200.97 2.01 8.68 29.92 -5.91 24.01
175.01 173.89 1.12 4.54 21.69 -4.28 17.41
223.78 220.83 2.95 14.89 28.39 -5.60 22.78
324.56 312.15 12.41 44.05 60.57 -11.96 48.61
338.86 324.27 14.60 27.47 54.33 -10.73 43.60
356.19 338.61 17.58 32.95 58.20 -11.49 46.71
384.19 360.95 23.24 48.53 74.79 -14.77 60.02
399.98 373.08 26.90 57.53 87.53 -17.28 70.25
386.64 362.86 23.78 54.89 87.25 -17.23 70.02
356.90 339.18 17.71 48.87 81.18 -16.03 65.15
306.28 296.32 9.96 30.25 61.49 -12.14 49.35
263.67 258.07 5.60 21.56 48.64 -9.60 39.04
226.23 223.15 3.08 14.61 38.26 -7.56 30.71
210.49 208.17 2.32 10.77 31.08 -6.14 24.94
265.87 260.08 5.78 26.19 43.81 -8.65 35.16
280.76 273.62 7.14 17.03 39.20 -7.74 31.46
305.68 295.79 9.89 20.63 41.27 -8.15 33.12
414.31 383.78 30.53 88.41 109.75 -21.67 88.08
398.33 371.83 26.50 40.27 75.96 -15.00 60.96
415.55 384.69 30.86 68.84 99.08 -19.56 79.51
379.12 356.99 22.13 41.60 75.80 -14.97 60.83
351.31 334.61 16.71 46.26 76.47 -15.10 61.37
313.53 302.64 10.89 37.49 67.83 -13.39 54.44
254.82 249.92 4.91 15.13 43.68 -8.62 35.05
280.22 273.13 7.09 45.50 67.63 -13.35 54.28
244.02 239.87 4.14 14.38 42.87 -8.47 34.41
256.61 251.57 5.04 18.18 40.05 -7.91 32.14
310.91 300.36 10.55 32.05 52.98 -10.46 42.52
377.26 355.52 21.74 56.51 81.39 -16.07 65.32
395.57 369.73 25.84 50.78 82.05 -16.20 65.85
411.97 382.05 29.92 60.19 91.58 -18.08 73.50
398.90 372.27 26.64 46.30 79.33 -15.66 63.66
421.33 388.91 32.42 95.38 126.27 -24.93 101.34
394.80 369.14 25.66 78.22 115.91 -22.89 93.02
325.24 312.73 12.51 32.94 69.41 -13.71 55.71
266.92 261.05 5.87 18.80 47.68 -9.42 38.27
273.57 267.11 6.46 38.99 62.36 -12.31 50.04
253.66 248.84 4.82 19.95 47.24 -9.33 37.91
287.65 279.81 7.84 30.57 53.80 -10.62 43.18
322.75 310.60 12.15 32.69 57.80 -11.41 46.39
358.62 340.58 18.03 40.19 66.35 -13.10 53.25
377.70 355.87 21.83 42.25 70.46 -13.91 56.54
Calcul du critre
R Dbit simul Qobs VQobs ln(Qobs+M/4 Qcal
27.24 22.66 9.070 3.012 2.251 22.660
32.41 38.09 19.990 4.471 3.016 38.090
24.97 17.80 16.290 4.036 2.816 17.802
25.03 17.92 7.370 2.715 2.054 17.925
20.37 10.47 6.640 2.577 1.955 10.474
21.91 12.60 5.620 2.371 1.800 12.599
17.19 6.91 6.950 2.636 1.998 6.907
15.17 5.13 5.590 2.364 1.795 5.135
13.82 4.14 6.180 2.486 1.888 4.136
17.81 7.52 8.240 2.871 2.160 7.519
21.75 12.37 17.630 4.199 2.894 12.370
27.60 23.51 19.440 4.409 2.989 23.510
29.34 28.08 46.360 6.809 3.846 28.081
25.89 19.65 13.900 3.728 2.662 19.646
26.34 20.61 18.700 4.324 2.951 20.611
23.54 15.21 9.980 3.159 2.342 15.207
17.65 7.35 7.200 2.683 2.032 7.353
18.64 8.40 5.910 2.431 1.846 8.398
16.69 6.43 5.920 2.433 1.848 6.430
13.01 3.60 5.550 2.356 1.788 3.605
13.61 4.00 5.130 2.265 1.715 3.995
13.71 4.06 7.420 2.724 2.060 4.057
19.31 9.16 12.130 3.483 2.530 9.159
21.60 12.15 12.660 3.558 2.572 12.154
19.01 8.82 8.900 2.983 2.233 8.820
21.33 11.77 9.980 3.159 2.342 11.769
24.94 17.74 11.980 3.461 2.518 17.741
22.67 13.76 15.960 3.995 2.796 13.763
20.31 10.40 6.710 2.590 1.965 10.396
19.43 9.31 6.170 2.484 1.887 9.311
17.55 7.26 6.280 2.506 1.903 7.255
17.58 7.29 5.520 2.349 1.783 7.291
15.03 5.02 6.810 2.610 1.979 5.024
18.95 8.74 9.010 3.002 2.245 8.743
27.49 23.25 25.860 5.085 3.269 23.247
27.19 22.54 31.770 5.636 3.472 22.543
30.00 29.99 21.300 4.615 3.079 29.992
24.86 17.59 15.610 3.951 2.775 17.590
20.46 10.58 8.620 2.936 2.202 10.583
24.54 16.99 9.110 3.018 2.255 16.988
23.31 14.80 7.930 2.816 2.123 14.804
22.18 13.01 6.960 2.638 2.000 13.012
19.59 9.49 7.100 2.665 2.018 9.493
14.56 4.67 5.430 2.330 1.768 4.665
20.82 11.06 9.190 3.032 2.264 11.061
24.86 17.60 25.950 5.094 3.272 17.597
21.61 12.17 13.730 3.705 2.650 12.166
33.50 42.35 32.740 5.722 3.502 42.345
35.66 52.25 66.930 8.181 4.210 52.248
34.52 46.78 45.490 6.745 3.827 46.780
31.54 34.94 32.510 5.702 3.495 34.941
30.87 32.72 34.810 5.900 3.562 32.723
28.59 26.02 17.330 4.163 2.877 26.016
24.69 17.25 14.720 3.837 2.718 17.255
21.80 12.44 9.310 3.051 2.276 12.440
18.83 8.61 9.490 3.081 2.294 8.607
21.09 11.43 13.440 3.666 2.630 11.431
21.00 11.31 13.280 3.644 2.618 11.309
21.81 12.45 15.140 3.891 2.745 12.452
27.70 23.75 17.820 4.221 2.904 23.748
36.13 54.70 48.420 6.958 3.889 54.701
35.72 52.55 55.790 7.469 4.029 52.548
36.29 55.55 53.720 7.329 3.992 55.549
32.93 40.05 37.250 6.103 3.629 40.050
29.75 29.26 34.840 5.903 3.563 29.261
21.96 12.68 15.060 3.881 2.740 12.676
19.92 9.90 10.460 3.234 2.388 9.896
16.68 6.42 8.300 2.881 2.166 6.420
19.24 9.08 10.620 3.259 2.402 9.080
18.00 7.71 13.280 3.644 2.618 7.714
17.44 7.15 10.690 3.270 2.408 7.151
21.02 11.34 12.300 3.507 2.544 11.336
22.73 13.86 16.910 4.112 2.853 13.862
26.30 20.53 20.130 4.487 3.023 20.535
21.08 11.41 14.650 3.828 2.713 11.415
16.82 6.55 8.110 2.848 2.144 6.547
21.01 11.32 7.670 2.769 2.091 11.317
15.44 5.35 6.030 2.456 1.865 5.346
13.08 3.65 5.550 2.356 1.788 3.645
14.25 4.44 5.880 2.425 1.842 4.441
12.14 3.08 5.650 2.377 1.805 3.080
13.40 3.85 7.200 2.683 2.032 3.851
27.13 22.40 21.150 4.599 3.072 22.399
26.43 20.81 36.560 6.046 3.611 20.811
22.86 14.08 14.070 3.751 2.674 14.077
30.25 30.76 19.250 4.387 2.979 30.761
24.03 16.06 28.360 5.325 3.360 16.059
20.41 10.52 9.160 3.027 2.260 10.519
23.93 15.87 9.630 3.103 2.308 15.868
27.65 23.64 7.650 2.766 2.089 23.640
21.93 12.63 12.370 3.517 2.549 12.628
20.20 10.25 9.010 3.002 2.245 10.252
15.60 5.48 9.600 3.098 2.305 5.482
15.58 5.46 9.110 3.018 2.255 5.461
22.47 13.45 14.370 3.791 2.694 13.455
28.17 24.94 29.380 5.420 3.395 24.936
30.97 33.04 37.840 6.151 3.645 33.045
25.17 18.18 14.780 3.844 2.722 18.183
23.46 15.06 12.050 3.471 2.524 15.062
33.70 43.19 33.060 5.750 3.511 43.195
24.41 16.73 28.300 5.320 3.358 16.733
21.24 11.64 8.560 2.926 2.196 11.642
17.15 6.86 6.460 2.542 1.930 6.864
13.49 3.91 5.550 2.356 1.788 3.914
16.51 6.27 7.650 2.766 2.089 6.269
26.85 21.75 12.900 3.592 2.590 21.754
25.25 18.35 27.380 5.233 3.325 18.348
26.26 20.45 22.820 4.777 3.146 20.446
30.01 30.02 27.970 5.289 3.346 30.017
32.36 37.89 40.500 6.364 3.712 37.888
32.31 37.71 58.540 7.651 4.077 37.708
31.24 33.92 30.920 5.561 3.445 33.919
27.08 22.27 17.670 4.204 2.896 22.270
23.65 15.39 9.840 3.137 2.329 15.387
20.31 10.40 9.180 3.030 2.262 10.396
17.62 7.32 7.710 2.777 2.096 7.324
22.17 12.99 8.140 2.853 2.148 12.988
20.64 10.82 14.730 3.838 2.718 10.822
21.34 11.78 11.370 3.372 2.468 11.778
35.69 52.39 41.290 6.426 3.731 52.388
30.24 30.72 48.410 6.958 3.888 30.722
34.20 45.32 42.630 6.529 3.763 45.317
30.21 30.62 35.460 5.955 3.580 30.625
30.34 31.03 23.960 4.895 3.194 31.031
28.54 25.90 16.930 4.115 2.854 25.897
22.13 12.93 13.030 3.610 2.599 12.926
28.50 25.78 17.050 4.129 2.861 25.779
21.87 12.54 16.700 4.087 2.841 12.540
20.93 11.21 12.750 3.571 2.578 11.213
24.88 17.63 21.110 4.595 3.070 17.634
31.27 34.05 34.660 5.887 3.558 34.047
31.39 34.46 38.500 6.205 3.662 34.456
33.03 40.46 37.950 6.160 3.647 40.465
30.89 32.78 33.380 5.778 3.521 32.776
37.69 63.65 60.050 7.749 4.102 63.653
36.47 56.55 60.300 7.765 4.106 56.550
28.89 26.82 48.960 6.997 3.900 26.820
23.37 14.90 14.450 3.801 2.700 14.902
27.29 22.76 17.700 4.207 2.897 22.758
23.23 14.68 13.530 3.678 2.636 14.679
25.11 18.07 16.270 4.034 2.815 18.068
26.16 20.23 24.920 4.992 3.233 20.226
28.21 25.04 19.550 4.422 2.995 25.036
29.11 27.43 31.610 5.622 3.467 27.434
VQcal ln(Qcal+M/40Delta(Q) Delta(VQ) Delta(ln(Q+M/Delta2(Q)
4.760 3.139 184.701 3.058 0.789 64.147
6.172 3.651 327.628 2.892 0.403 8.473
4.219 2.903 2.285 0.034 0.007 0.623
4.234 2.910 111.406 2.307 0.733 94.269
3.236 2.389 14.698 0.435 0.188 108.977
3.550 2.567 48.711 1.390 0.589 131.313
2.628 1.993 0.002 0.000 0.000 102.601
2.266 1.716 0.207 0.010 0.006 132.002
2.034 1.518 4.177 0.204 0.137 118.793
2.742 2.073 0.519 0.016 0.008 78.131
3.517 2.549 27.670 0.465 0.119 0.303
4.849 3.175 16.568 0.193 0.035 5.573
5.299 3.350 334.123 2.279 0.245 857.365
4.432 2.999 33.012 0.496 0.114 10.107
4.540 3.046 3.651 0.046 0.009 2.627
3.900 2.749 27.320 0.548 0.166 50.399
2.712 2.052 0.023 0.001 0.000 97.599
2.898 2.178 6.189 0.218 0.110 124.751
2.536 1.925 0.260 0.011 0.006 124.528
1.899 1.394 3.784 0.209 0.155 132.922
1.999 1.487 1.287 0.071 0.052 142.783
2.014 1.501 11.308 0.504 0.313 93.300
3.026 2.260 8.825 0.208 0.073 24.495
3.486 2.532 0.256 0.005 0.002 19.529
2.970 2.224 0.006 0.000 0.000 66.899
3.431 2.501 3.200 0.074 0.025 50.399
4.212 2.900 33.194 0.564 0.145 26.002
3.710 2.653 4.827 0.081 0.021 1.253
3.224 2.382 13.584 0.402 0.173 107.520
3.051 2.276 9.865 0.322 0.152 119.011
2.694 2.039 0.951 0.035 0.018 116.623
2.700 2.044 3.135 0.123 0.068 133.615
2.242 1.696 3.189 0.135 0.080 105.456
2.957 2.216 0.071 0.002 0.001 65.112
4.821 3.164 6.830 0.070 0.011 77.102
4.748 3.134 85.137 0.789 0.114 215.820
5.477 3.415 75.552 0.742 0.113 17.815
4.194 2.891 3.919 0.059 0.014 2.159
3.253 2.399 3.855 0.101 0.039 71.558
4.122 2.857 62.064 1.217 0.363 63.508
3.848 2.723 47.245 1.064 0.360 83.708
3.607 2.598 36.629 0.939 0.358 102.398
3.081 2.295 5.728 0.174 0.076 99.584
2.160 1.628 0.585 0.029 0.020 135.704
3.326 2.441 3.502 0.087 0.032 62.239
4.195 2.892 69.775 0.809 0.145 78.691
3.488 2.533 2.445 0.047 0.014 11.217
6.507 3.756 92.261 0.617 0.065 245.261
7.228 3.964 215.572 0.908 0.060 2485.102
6.840 3.855 1.664 0.009 0.001 807.174
5.911 3.566 5.911 0.044 0.005 238.110
5.720 3.501 4.357 0.032 0.004 314.381
5.101 3.275 75.451 0.879 0.159 0.063
4.154 2.873 6.426 0.101 0.024 5.566
3.527 2.555 9.794 0.226 0.078 60.360
2.934 2.201 0.779 0.022 0.009 57.596
3.381 2.473 4.034 0.081 0.024 13.244
3.363 2.463 3.886 0.079 0.024 14.434
3.529 2.556 7.224 0.131 0.036 3.760
4.873 3.185 35.144 0.425 0.079 0.549
7.396 4.010 39.450 0.191 0.015 982.246
7.249 3.970 10.509 0.049 0.004 1498.526
7.453 4.025 3.343 0.015 0.001 1342.548
6.329 3.701 7.842 0.051 0.005 406.861
5.409 3.391 31.124 0.243 0.030 315.446
3.560 2.573 5.684 0.103 0.028 4.077
3.146 2.334 0.318 0.008 0.003 43.814
2.534 1.924 3.534 0.121 0.059 77.074
3.013 2.252 2.370 0.060 0.023 41.721
2.777 2.097 30.975 0.751 0.271 14.434
2.674 2.025 12.523 0.354 0.147 40.822
3.367 2.465 0.929 0.020 0.006 22.841
3.723 2.659 9.292 0.151 0.037 0.029
4.532 3.043 0.164 0.002 0.000 9.307
3.379 2.472 10.466 0.202 0.058 5.901
2.559 1.942 2.442 0.084 0.041 80.447
3.364 2.463 13.302 0.354 0.138 88.533
2.312 1.753 0.467 0.021 0.013 122.085
1.909 1.404 3.628 0.199 0.147 132.922
2.107 1.583 2.070 0.101 0.067 125.422
1.755 1.255 6.604 0.387 0.302 130.627
1.962 1.454 11.215 0.520 0.334 97.599
4.733 3.128 1.561 0.018 0.003 16.571
4.562 3.056 248.034 2.204 0.308 379.502
3.752 2.674 0.000 0.000 0.000 9.055
5.546 3.440 132.501 1.343 0.212 4.712
4.007 2.803 151.318 1.737 0.311 127.256
3.243 2.393 1.848 0.047 0.018 62.714
3.984 2.791 38.919 0.775 0.233 55.491
4.862 3.181 255.669 4.394 1.192 88.910
3.554 2.569 0.067 0.001 0.000 22.177
3.202 2.368 1.543 0.040 0.015 65.112
2.341 1.776 16.958 0.573 0.280 55.938
2.337 1.773 13.315 0.464 0.233 63.508
3.668 2.631 0.837 0.015 0.004 7.340
4.994 3.233 19.747 0.182 0.026 151.310
5.748 3.511 22.996 0.162 0.018 431.011
4.264 2.924 11.581 0.176 0.041 5.286
3.881 2.740 9.070 0.168 0.047 25.293
6.572 3.776 102.710 0.676 0.070 255.386
4.091 2.843 133.787 1.511 0.265 125.906
3.412 2.491 9.502 0.237 0.087 72.577
2.620 1.987 0.163 0.006 0.003 112.767
1.978 1.468 2.677 0.143 0.102 132.922
2.504 1.902 1.907 0.069 0.035 88.910
4.664 3.099 78.394 1.150 0.260 17.466
4.283 2.933 81.578 0.901 0.154 106.106
4.522 3.038 5.637 0.065 0.012 32.957
5.479 3.416 4.190 0.036 0.005 118.610
6.155 3.646 6.820 0.044 0.004 548.534
6.141 3.641 433.967 2.281 0.190 1718.998
5.824 3.536 8.991 0.069 0.008 191.568
4.719 3.122 21.164 0.266 0.051 0.349
3.923 2.761 30.764 0.617 0.187 52.406
3.224 2.382 1.478 0.038 0.014 62.397
2.706 2.048 0.149 0.005 0.002 87.782
3.604 2.596 23.507 0.564 0.201 79.909
3.290 2.420 15.271 0.301 0.089 5.519
3.432 2.502 0.167 0.004 0.001 32.595
7.238 3.967 123.170 0.660 0.056 586.163
5.543 3.439 312.865 2.002 0.202 981.619
6.732 3.823 7.221 0.041 0.004 652.843
5.534 3.436 23.378 0.177 0.021 337.854
5.571 3.449 50.002 0.457 0.065 47.345
5.089 3.270 80.407 0.949 0.173 0.022
3.595 2.592 0.011 0.000 0.000 16.396
5.077 3.266 76.201 0.899 0.164 0.001
3.541 2.562 17.306 0.297 0.077 0.144
3.349 2.454 2.362 0.049 0.015 18.742
4.199 2.894 12.082 0.156 0.031 16.247
5.835 3.540 0.376 0.003 0.000 309.085
5.870 3.552 16.351 0.112 0.012 458.851
6.361 3.711 6.324 0.040 0.004 435.590
5.725 3.503 0.365 0.003 0.000 265.716
7.978 4.160 12.984 0.052 0.003 1846.490
7.520 4.043 14.064 0.060 0.004 1868.038
5.179 3.305 490.197 3.306 0.354 1016.385
3.860 2.730 0.205 0.003 0.001 6.913
4.771 3.143 25.580 0.317 0.061 0.385
3.831 2.715 1.320 0.023 0.006 12.597
4.251 2.917 3.231 0.047 0.010 0.655
4.497 3.028 22.032 0.245 0.042 61.478
5.004 3.237 30.093 0.339 0.059 6.105
5.238 3.327 17.438 0.148 0.020 211.144
Delta2(VQ) Delta2(ln(Q+ Pobs ETPobs
0.715 0.130 52.790 10.440
0.377 0.164 106.520 18.420
0.032 0.042 16.670 44.050
1.305 0.311 60.440 72.970
1.639 0.430 34.250 100.410
2.209 0.659 90.440 114.860
1.490 0.376 38.610 125.190
2.228 0.667 54.990 103.160
1.880 0.523 50.850 67.370
0.973 0.204 94.710 31.800
0.117 0.080 77.960 13.070
0.305 0.143 93.350 9.420
8.714 1.523 70.020 10.440
0.017 0.003 28.170 18.420
0.218 0.115 54.960 44.050
0.487 0.072 43.160 72.970
1.377 0.336 16.800 100.410
2.033 0.585 75.270 114.860
2.027 0.583 57.190 125.190
2.253 0.678 29.060 103.160
2.534 0.803 72.960 67.370
1.284 0.304 50.200 31.800
0.140 0.007 89.780 13.070
0.089 0.002 55.230 9.420
0.763 0.143 13.740 10.440
0.487 0.072 46.300 19.400
0.157 0.009 73.180 44.050
0.019 0.034 46.400 72.970
1.604 0.417 48.990 100.410
1.885 0.525 67.160 114.860
1.825 0.502 62.050 125.190
2.272 0.686 82.350 103.160
1.556 0.400 42.610 67.370
0.731 0.134 94.970 31.800
1.509 0.433 125.260 13.070
3.167 0.741 54.950 9.420
0.575 0.218 74.970 10.440
0.009 0.027 15.900 18.420
0.848 0.167 10.360 44.050
0.703 0.127 80.820 72.970
1.083 0.238 66.730 100.410
1.485 0.374 76.120 114.860
1.422 0.351 64.870 125.190
2.331 0.712 24.970 103.160
0.681 0.121 141.040 67.370
1.531 0.437 104.610 31.800
0.023 0.002 28.200 13.070
3.478 0.793 151.970 9.420
18.698 2.556 106.530 10.440
8.339 1.477 78.770 18.420
3.403 0.780 60.370 44.050
4.174 0.904 82.650 72.970
0.094 0.070 81.590 100.410
0.000 0.011 67.840 114.860
0.649 0.112 70.190 125.190
0.603 0.101 60.560 103.160
0.036 0.000 102.270 67.370
0.045 0.000 64.310 31.800
0.001 0.018 54.590 13.070
0.133 0.086 92.020 9.420
9.619 1.632 145.160 10.440
13.049 2.010 93.990 18.420
12.058 1.905 109.480 44.050
5.046 1.036 83.680 72.970
4.185 0.906 81.830 100.410
0.001 0.017 33.150 114.860
0.388 0.050 65.780 125.190
0.952 0.198 48.780 103.160
0.358 0.044 100.700 67.370
0.045 0.000 47.470 31.800
0.345 0.041 35.790 13.070
0.122 0.005 61.350 9.420
0.065 0.058 48.430 10.440
0.397 0.170 69.420 19.400
0.001 0.010 13.590 44.050
1.018 0.218 12.440 72.970
1.183 0.270 90.880 100.410
1.964 0.557 18.560 114.860
2.253 0.678 39.900 125.190
2.051 0.592 85.390 103.160
2.190 0.651 34.930 67.370
1.377 0.336 63.050 31.800
0.551 0.212 168.220 13.070
4.794 0.999 50.770 9.420
0.011 0.004 16.300 10.440
0.281 0.136 99.540 18.420
2.156 0.560 18.180 44.050
0.690 0.123 25.970 72.970
0.568 0.092 94.150 100.410
1.190 0.273 131.610 114.860
0.115 0.004 55.530 125.190
0.731 0.134 76.200 103.160
0.575 0.094 27.510 67.370
0.703 0.127 54.020 31.800
0.004 0.007 104.120 13.070
2.444 0.614 95.380 9.420
5.265 1.068 83.240 10.440
0.000 0.012 14.600 18.420
0.149 0.008 32.470 44.050
3.583 0.810 161.190 72.970
2.140 0.557 31.440 100.410
0.867 0.173 55.540 114.860
1.730 0.465 41.480 125.190
2.253 0.678 31.270 103.160
1.190 0.273 102.840 67.370
0.070 0.000 159.770 31.800
1.892 0.510 49.750 13.070
0.847 0.286 54.830 9.420
2.050 0.540 79.620 10.440
6.285 1.211 85.510 18.420
14.396 2.148 82.440 44.050
2.902 0.695 86.120 72.970
0.120 0.081 65.420 100.410
0.518 0.080 65.300 114.860
0.684 0.122 60.790 125.190
1.167 0.265 57.870 103.160
1.008 0.215 124.590 67.370
0.000 0.011 52.690 31.800
0.235 0.021 52.290 13.070
6.599 1.253 184.620 9.420
9.615 1.631 37.240 10.440
7.141 1.325 98.750 19.400
4.401 0.939 51.270 44.050
1.077 0.340 84.270 72.970
0.066 0.059 84.680 100.410
0.061 0.000 42.530 114.860
0.074 0.062 162.440 125.190
0.053 0.053 50.250 103.160
0.082 0.001 75.220 67.370
0.544 0.210 104.560 31.800
4.122 0.896 122.520 13.070
5.513 1.103 73.000 9.420
5.306 1.074 81.600 10.440
3.689 0.827 52.340 18.420
15.150 2.223 151.490 44.050
15.275 2.235 122.700 72.970
9.861 1.660 57.420 100.410
0.003 0.008 49.770 114.860
0.123 0.082 137.340 125.190
0.032 0.001 72.710 103.160
0.031 0.042 110.600 67.370
1.288 0.386 87.780 31.800
0.319 0.147 80.700 13.070
3.116 0.732 65.340 9.420
Niveau S du rservoir de production

450.00

400.00

350.00

300.00

250.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00
Dec-88 May-90 Sep-91 Jan-93 Jun-94 Oct-95 Mar-97 Jul-98 Dec-99 Apr-01 Sep-02
Niveau R du rservoir de routage

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
Dec-88 May-90 Sep-91 Jan-93 Jun-94 Oct-95 Mar-97 Jul-98 Dec-99 Apr-01 Sep-02
200 0

180 50

Pluie (mm/mois)
160 100
Dbit (mm/mois)

140 150
Dbit observ
120 200
Dbit simul
100 Pluie 250

80 300

60 350

40 400

20 450

0 500
Jan-90 Jan-92 Jan-94 Jan-96 Jan-98 Jan-00
D b it s im u l (m m /m o is )
80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Dbit observ (mm/mois)