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Mahatma Gandhi is very famous in India as Bapu or Rastrapita. The full name of him is Mohandas
Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who led India as a leader of the nationalism against
British rule. He was born on 2nd of October in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. He died on 30th of January in
1948. M.K. Gandhi was assassinated by the Hindu activist, Nathuram Godse, who was hanged later as a
punishment by the government of India. He has been given another name by the Rabindranath Tagore as
Martyr of the Nation since 1948.


Mahatma Gandhi is called as Mahatma because of his great works and greatness all through the life. He was a
great freedom fighter and non-violent activist who always followed non-violence all though his life while
leading India for the independence from British rule. He was born on 2nd of October in 1869 at Porbandar in
Gujarat, India. He was just 18 years old while studying law in the England. Later he went to British colony of
South Africa to practice his law where he got differentiated from the light skin people because of being a dark
skin person. Thats why he decided to became a political activist in order to do so some positive changes in
such unfair laws.
Later he returned to India and started a powerful and non-violent movement to make India an independent
country. He is the one who led the Salt March (Namak Satyagrah or Salt Satyagrah or Dandi March) in 1930.
He inspired lots of Indians to work against British rule for their own independence.


Mahatma Gandhi was a great and outstanding personality of the India who is still inspiring the people in the
country as well as abroad through his legacy of greatness, idealness and noble life. Bapu was born in the
Porbandar, Gujarat, India in a Hindu family on 2nd of October in 1869. 2nd of October was the great day for
India when Bapu took birth. He paid his great and unforgettable role for the independence of India from the
British rule. The full name of the Bapu is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He went to England for his law
study just after passing his matriculation examination. Later he returned to India in as a lawyer in 1890.
After his arrival to India, he started helping Indian people facing various problems from the British rule. He
started a Satyagraha movement against the British rule to help Indians. Other big movements started by the
Bapu for the independence of India are Non-cooperation movement in the year 1920, Civil Disobedience
movement in the year 1930 and Quit India movement in the year 1942. All the movements had shaken the
British rule in India and inspired lots of common Indian citizens to fight for the freedom.


Bapu, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born in 1869 on 2nd of October at Porbander in Gujarat, India.
Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian who led India with independence movement against British rule. He
completed his schooling in India and went to England for further study of law. He returned to India as a lawyer
and started practicing law. He started helping people of India who were humiliated and insulted by the British
He started non-violence independence movement to fight against the injustice of Britishers. He got insulted
many times but he continued his non-violent struggle for the Independence of India. After his return to India he
joined Indian National Congress as a member. He was the great leader of the India independence movement
who struggled a lot for the freedom of India. As a member of the Indian National Congress he started
independence movements like Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience and later Quit India Movement which
became successful a day and help India in getting freedom.

As a great freedom fighter, he got arrested and sent to jail many times but he continued fighting against British
rule for the justice of Indians. He was a great believer in non-violence and unity of people of all religions
which he followed all through his struggle for independence. After his lots of struggles with many Indians,
finally he became successful in making India an independent country on 15th of August in 1947. Later he was
assassinated in 1948 on 30th of January by the Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist.
Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his whole life in struggle for the independence of
India. He was born in the Indian Hindu family on 2nd of October in 1869 in the Porbander, Gujarat. He lived
his whole as a leader of the Indian people. His whole life story is a great inspiration for us. He is called as the
Bapu or Rashtrapita as he spent his life in fighting against British rule for the freedom of us. While fighting
with Britishers he took help of his great weapons like non-violence and Satyagraha movements to achieve
freedom. Many times he got arrested and sent to the jail but he never discourages himself and continued
fighting for national freedom.
He is the real father of our nation who really used his all power to make us free from the British rule. He truly
understood the power of unity in people (from different castes, religions, community, race, age or gender)
which he used all through his independence movement. Finally he forced Britishers to quit India forever
through his mass movements on 15th of August in 1947. Since 1947, the 15th of August is celebrated every year
as the Independence Day in India.
He could not continue his life after the independence of India in 1947 as he was assassinated by one of the
Hindu activists, Nathuram Godse in 1948 on 30th of January. He was the great personality who served his
whole life till death for the motherland. He enlightened our life with the true light of freedom from British rule.
He proved that everything is possible with the non-violence and unity of people. Even after getting died many
years ago, he is still alive in the heart of every Indian as a Father of the Nation and Bapu.
Mahatma Gandhi is well known as the Father of the Nation or Bapu because of his greatest contributions
towards the independence of our country. He was the one who believed in the non-violence and unity of the
people and brought spirituality in the Indian politics. He worked hard for the removal of the untouchability in
the Indian society, upliftment of the backward classes in India, raised voice to develop villages for social
development, inspired Indian people to use swadeshi goods and other social issues. He brought common
people in front to participate in the national movement and inspired them to fight for their true freedom.
He was one of the persons who converted peoples dream of independence into truth a day through his noble
ideals and supreme sacrifices. He is still remembered between us for his great works and major virtues such as
non-violence, truth, love and fraternity. He was not born as great but he made himself great through his hard
struggles and works. He was highly influenced by the life of the King Harischandra from the play titled as Raja
Harischandra. After his schooling, he completed his law degree from England and began his career as a
lawyer. He faced many difficulties in his life but continued walking as a great leader.

He started many mass movements like Non-cooperation movement in 1920, civil disobedience movement in
1930 and finally the Quit India Movement in 1942 all through the way of independence of India. After lots of
struggles and works, independence of India was granted finally by the British Government. He was a very
simple person who worked to remove the colour barrier and caste barrier. He also worked hard for removing
the untouchability in the Indian society and named untouchables as Harijan means the people of God.

He was a great social reformer and Indian freedom fighter who died a day after completing his aim of life. He
inspired Indian people for the manual labour and said that arrange all the resource ownself for living a simple
life and becoming self-dependent. He started weaving cotton clothes through the use of Charakha in order to
avoid the use of videshi goods and promote the use of Swadeshi goods among Indians. He was a strong
supporter of the agriculture and motivated people to do agriculture works. He was a spiritual man who brought
spirituality to the Indian politics. He died in 1948 on 30th of January and his body was cremated at Raj Ghat,
New Delhi. 30th of January is celebrated every year as the Martyr Day in India in order to pay homage to him.