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Title: Recreation in Konkan

Background of the Study:

Konkan region is a coastal area between the Arabian Sea on the west and high
Deccan plateau on its east. It is a narrow strip of land, 740 km long, broken by a number of
rivers and creeks.. Mumbai island is in the northern part of the region, which is the economic
capital of India and a crowded urban metropolis. The northern Thane district is nearly
urbanized while the southern part of Konkan on the other hand is largely rural. Before the
British colonial rule there were many large and flourishing ports in Konkan along the coast
which had established trade links to Red Sea and Egypt. (Bombay Gazeteer, Ratnagiri &
Sindhudurg}. As the ports declined, Konkan districts except Thane were isolated. For British
rulers, this difficult region posed problems for railway and road construction. Road network
started improving slowly after 1950. In 1995 the Konkan railway was established and the area
is got linked to the rest of the country. Isolation of Konkan protected it from the industrial and
urban influences and hence it provides an opportunity to study the traditional life patterns1.

From the entire stretch between Ratnagiri to Panjim there is no any major source of
entertainment for the people living in towns along. So the four talukas namely Sawantwadi,
Kudal , Vengurla and Dodamarg have to entirely depend on Goa and Belgaum for
entertainment purpose2. These towns are developing at a rapid speed.

The history of recreation in konkan is a rich tapestry of people, places, events and
social forces showing the role of religion, education and government and the customs and
values of different cultures, their art, sports and pastimes.3

In the early 20th century, the people of konkan were directly dependant on natural
resources for their livelihood. It is necessary for the land less class of people to go job
hunting in the region for their survival. Men and women often trave l long distances to
larger towns in summers to work on road construction or public works and return to
villages in rainy season to work on the farms. Their permanent houses located in the



Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Chapter3 : Early History of recreation and leisure
villages allow them access to the traditional rights to share cropping. Old people and
children generally stay in villages. These people experience variety of environments in
different regions, often staying In tents on the travel or on the project sites in remote forests
and towns. Besides farming some of the families have skills like bamboo work, carpentry,
masonry, building construction, leather work, metal working, weaving, pottery, salt making
etc. They commonly trave l to the Deccan plateau where sugar plantations need
seasonal farm workers and they can make more money working there.4 Agriculture, fishing,
hunting were their main source of food and income. But agricultural activities were
carried out for only 4-5 months. So they had ample of leisure time to spent. So they
started spending their leisure time in entertaining themselves by celebrating festivals,
social events, playing cards, sports, organising dramas, music, etc.

In the post independence period, no special and modern source of entertainment

was required as the Konkani people used to spent leisure time in celebrating various
festivals for a longer duration. At that time, hardly any migration used to take place for
earning money. The rural growth of these region in 1951-1961 was 5 percent of the total

After green revolution and post 1970s , due to social changes, a part of people
started moving to seek job opportunities6. In those days, from a family, only one brother
among the multiple sibblings used to migrate to Bombay in search of job. And the remaining
brothers used to stay back in the rural areas for agriculture purpose. But after 1990, only one
brother used to stay back in the native rural area and the other 3 started moving to Bombay
in search of jobs. Money flow started in these region. So the people of konkan eventually
had an extra amount of money that they can spend on recreation. And also after green
revolution, television, radio, newspaper, magazines ,books started influencing the people.7



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After that in coming years, literacy rate also increased. Hence the people of konkan got to
know the exterior world and new sources of entertainment.

Then post 1990, in the following years the use of TV became a primary element to
spend leisure time at home. But at the same time social events of konkan didnt lose its
importance. With the end of the British and Portuguese Empires in India, the community has
made significant strides. Konkanis today are an urbanized community. A large section of the
community works in the banking sector, given their background in trade and commerce.
However, the community has diversified into various professions and made a name for itself
in the industrial, technical and medical fields. A high percentage of Konkanis are now
engaged in tertiary occupations as compared to other communities. A large number
migrated to Bangalore, Mumbai and other large cities after Independence.8

With the growth of the rural development, the towns have continued to attract people.
So with developing population there comes a need of a modern source of entertainment like
theatres, etc. There are many religional and regional activities carried throughout the year in
konkan region from ages9. Nowadays, the people of all age group from konkan demand for
a theatre and a place which is open every day for social gathering which means
entertainment to them. The youngsters are fond of getting themselves entertained in modern

With the change in social and economic conditions, the hours per year committed to
work has declined. This redistribution of time has been accompanied by a drastic
repackaging of a leisure hours making possible new forms of leisure time, including the
typically modern notions of free evenings, the weekend, the paid summer vacations, as well
as the lengthy childhood and retirement.10 So the people of konkan need a place with
modern source of entertainment as well as a place which will also promote social and
religional recreational events.

-shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/9936/11/10_chapter 3.pdf
Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Chapter3 : Early History of recreation and leisure

To research on the sources of entertainment in konkan

The aim of this dissertation is to study the lifestyle of konkan


-To study the issue of lack of entertainment resources in konkan

- To sort out what kind of entertainment is required according to various age group.

- Promotion of cultural as well as social aspects.

Literature review:


MEHTA KAJAL [2000],IES College of Architecture
The thesis research is about the study of recreational activities like picnic, camping, hiking,
boating, films, dramas etc. This kind of entertaining activities are needed in developing towns
like Sawantwadi.


SHINDE ASHWINI R [2007] IES College of Architecture
The thesis research is about the study for need of entertainment in peoples life. The thesis
will help to find the importance of entertainment in the developing towns.


To take measures to collect more foreign economy from the tourists

To create job opportunities for locals.
All kind of people should be made accessible to avail the entertainment facilities
To give an identity to the city and provide the medium through which communal
communication takes place.
To attract many users and their presence generates more activities, which in turn
attract more users.


During social gathering entertainment care should be taken that there are no
disputes, quarrels among the people.
Such programmes include involvement of people at a large scale, so crowd
management and traffic problems should be taken care of.
Some programmes should not hurt the feelings of a particular community.
1] To study the issue of entertainment resources Changes in occupation and increasing
in konkan employment
Developed lifestyle of the people in the
past 3 decades
Types of entertainment
Topography of individual talukas
2] To sort out what kind of entertainment is Daily routine of the people from different
required according to various age group age groups
Perspective towards recreation of
different age groups
Relation of children with parks, games
Relation of youngsters with sports,
Relation of middle age group with
festivals, events, plays
Relation of old age people with gardens
3] Promotion of cultural and social aspects Celebration of festivals in konkan
Traditions and culture in konkan
Variety in social events as per the region
Modern mentality of the people

Live Casestudies :

Bullseye The entertainment centre

Tata theatre National centre for Performing Arts
New Excelsior

Book Casestudies :

London Imax theatre