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Fault Calculations of 220/33 kV Substation

Consider the Fault on 33 kV side of Substation as shown in


figureRefering to the SLD Fault calculations will be done
Percentage Reactance and Base KVA Method

Two 50 MVA transformers are loacated in 220/33kv Substation


having Percent Impedance of 12.5%
220/33kv,50 MVA 220/33kv,50 MVA 1 + 1
Transformer
For fault calculations consider the base of 100MVA respectively. %Z=12.5
Transformer
%Z=12.5
%Xa=25% %Xb=25% Xa Xb
%Xeq=12.5%

Input Data FAULT


POINT
REACTANCE DIAGRAM AT BASE KVA EQUIVALENT REACTANCE DIAGRAM
Transformer Rating/Rated KVA 50000 BUS BAR

Percentage Reactance 12.50 SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM FOR 220/ 33 KV


SUBSTATION

Base kVA 100000

Percentage Reactance % Reactance at Rated KVA X (Base


at base kVA = kVA/Rated kVA)

Therefore Percentage Reactance of 50MVA 25.00


transformer at 100000 kVA=

Percentage Reactance of 50 MVA Transformer at 100MVA base


is 25%

Total Percentage
Reactance upto fault 12.50
XA XB=(1/Xa+1/Xb)
Point as shown in fig =

Short Circuit KVA = (100 X Base kVA)/ % X


Short Circuit kVA 800000 kVA
Short CircuitMVA 800 MVA
Input Data
Transformer Rating/Rated KVA 8000
Percentage Reactance 8.350
Base kVA 96000

% Reactance at Rated KVA X( Base


Percentage Reactance at base kVA = kVA/Rated kVA)

Therefore Percentage Reactance at Base 96000kVA= 100.20

Percentage Reactance of 8 MVA Transformer at 96MVA base is 100.20

Total Percentage Reactance upto fault Point = XA XB Xc Xd


25.05
Short Circuit KVA = (100 X Base Kva)/%X)
Short Circuit kVA 383233.532934132 kVA
Short CircuitMVA 383 MVA