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# Fault Calculations of 220/33 kV Substation

## Consider the Fault on 33 kV side of Substation as shown in

figureRefering to the SLD Fault calculations will be done
Percentage Reactance and Base KVA Method

## Two 50 MVA transformers are loacated in 220/33kv Substation

having Percent Impedance of 12.5%
220/33kv,50 MVA 220/33kv,50 MVA 1 + 1
Transformer
For fault calculations consider the base of 100MVA respectively. %Z=12.5
Transformer
%Z=12.5
%Xa=25% %Xb=25% Xa Xb
%Xeq=12.5%

## Input Data FAULT

POINT
REACTANCE DIAGRAM AT BASE KVA EQUIVALENT REACTANCE DIAGRAM
Transformer Rating/Rated KVA 50000 BUS BAR

SUBSTATION

## Percentage Reactance % Reactance at Rated KVA X (Base

at base kVA = kVA/Rated kVA)

## Therefore Percentage Reactance of 50MVA 25.00

transformer at 100000 kVA=

## Percentage Reactance of 50 MVA Transformer at 100MVA base

is 25%

Total Percentage
Reactance upto fault 12.50
XA XB=(1/Xa+1/Xb)
Point as shown in fig =

## Short Circuit KVA = (100 X Base kVA)/ % X

Short Circuit kVA 800000 kVA
Short CircuitMVA 800 MVA
Input Data
Transformer Rating/Rated KVA 8000
Percentage Reactance 8.350
Base kVA 96000

## % Reactance at Rated KVA X( Base

Percentage Reactance at base kVA = kVA/Rated kVA)

## Total Percentage Reactance upto fault Point = XA XB Xc Xd

25.05
Short Circuit KVA = (100 X Base Kva)/%X)
Short Circuit kVA 383233.532934132 kVA
Short CircuitMVA 383 MVA