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Name:

Date:
Period:
Industrial Revolution Guided Notes

SEE MEAN MATTER

What do you see in these What do these pictures Why does it matter?
pictures? mean?
Vocabulary Terms

Factory System:

Wage Slave:

Rural:

Plantations:

Urbanization:

Sectional:

WHAT IS THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION? (Fill in the blank spaces)

Revolution Industrial

Industrial Revolution:
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

WHEN AND WHERE


the Industrial Revolution began in the United States around ______in the
____________________.

*Directions: Analyze the map and the information box.


Why do you think the Industrial Revolution took place
in this region?Explain. (2 details)

________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________

Why did it begin the Northeast?


List the 3 reasons why Industry flourished in the North
1)_________________________________________________________________________
2)_________________________________________________________________________
3)_________________________________________________________________________

The Factory System

The factory system was a significant development in the way _______ were made.
This system had many workers under one roof working at machines.
Many people left ________ and moved to the city to work in factories. They wanted the
money that many factories paid.
Most employees were ___________ and __________ working LONG hours.
*Discussion TIme! (Write down your answers. Share with your group)
Why do you think many people moved to the city? Would you prefer to live on a farm or the city?
why?
Child Labor discussion
*Share with your elbow partner your thoughts. Write down
what your partner said below.

Why do you think children were hired? What are some risks
you can foresee and how may have this impacted our present
laws.
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Working Conditions

Factories were:
1)____________________
2)____________________
3)____________________
4)____________________

Workers (including children) lost _____________,


______________, and broke their ___________ from handling
machinery.

Labor was so harsh that workers were called


__________________

Question:
Do you agree? Or disagree?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

The Growth in Cities


Growth of ______________ and __________ caused the growth of towns and cities

(__________l)Farms -------> Cities (____________)

Cities were:

1)________________________________
2)________________________________
3)________________________________
Immigration
_____________of people coming into a country
________ and ___________immigrants settled in the Northeast
willing to work for low pay

*Discussion time! (Share your ideas with your group. Add two new ideas from what your group
discussed in blue ink)

How do we continue to see the impact of early immigration today?


____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Industry in the South?

The South remained rural and its economy


was different from the North.

Boom in _______________ due to the


_________ industry in the North kept the
agriculture industry profitable in the South.

Wealthy plantation owners invested their


money on ________ and ________ rather than
building factories

A large slave population = small market for


___________________.

few canals and poor roads

The Cotton Gin (1791)

Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, a simple machine that quickly and efficiently removed
_________ from __________.

1 person using cotton gin= job of _____ people cleaning cotton by hand

The cotton gin revolutionized agriculture in the South and the North's manufacturing with
_________________ parts.
*Discussion Time!

You and your elbow partner will analyze the chart. Write down your answers. Share with a new
person.

What are some noticeable details from the chart? Why is this important and relevant to the
Industrial Revolution?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Cotton and the South

The _____________ for southern cotton grew


dramatically because of the cotton gin and the increased
number of textile mills in the north that needed cotton.

more northern textile mills = more southern slaves!


The cotton gin made it possible to clean cotton faster and less expensively than by hand.

It encouraged planters to raise larger cotton crops which required more slaves.

________________: comprised of several thousand acres of crops in which slaves to


did all the work in harsh conditions.

REMEMBER!
cotton gin = higher demand for cotton = more textile mills in north = more slaves in
south to work plantations

DRIVING QUESTIONS

Answer the lessons driving questions using your notes

1.How did the Industrial Revolution change the way people lived and worked?

2.What were the sectional differences (cultural, geographic, and economic) between the North
and South?