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Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)

Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3


Tender No:

02455
CONCRETE PILING

CONTENTS

1. GENERAL
1.1 Section Includes ...... 2
1.2 Reference Standards ...... 2
1.3 Site Conditions ........ 2
1.4 Submittals ... 2
1.5 Pile Lengths 3
2. MATERIALS
3. EXECUTION
3.1 Temporary Closing ..... 3
3.2 Drilling Operation ........ 3
3.3 Concreting ..... 4
4 TESTING
4.1 Basics for Test Piles 5
4.2 Types of Tests . 5
4.3 Details for Pile Tests 5
4.4 Test Reports . 6
4.5 Evaluation/Conclusion ... 6

VOL 2 SEC B PART A DIVISION 02 CONCRETE PILING PAGE 1 OF 7


CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455
Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)
Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3
Tender No:

DIVISION TWO
CONCRETE PILING

1 GENERAL

1.1 Section Includes

1.1.1 Compliance with related sections and General conditions of the Contract.
1.1.2 Work of this Section is considered Specialist Work.

1.1.3 This Article applies to piling works, if they are required according to the
results obtained from the soil investigations done by the CONTRACTOR
and/or information given in writing by CICPA. The piles shall be designed
for loadings (uplift compression and horizontal), as calculated during
Detailed Design by the CONTRACTOR.

1.2 Reference Standards

1.2.1 Piling work to conform to requirements of BS 8004, Foundations.


1.2.2 Concrete work to conform to requirements of BS 8110-1997, Structural Use
of Concrete.
1.2.3 The static analysis shall normally be in accordance with BS-8004, BS-8110
or ASTM D1143 and other applicable British or American Standard.
1.2.3 Load testing of piles to comply with all requirements of the Abu Dhabi
Municipality. Refer to Building Regulations & Recommendations for
Structural Design & Concrete Practice prepared by the Abu Dhabi
Municipality.
1.3 Site Conditions

1.3.1 Refer to the Geotechnical Investigation Report of other near by sites


provided by CICPA.
1.3.2 Data regarding subsurface conditions in these document is not intended as a
representation or warranty of accuracy, nor can be considered continuity
between soil borings. It is expressly understood that CICPA shall not be
responsible for interpretations or conclusions drawn there from by
Contractor. Data are made available for the convenience of the Contractor.
1.3.3 Additional test borings and other exploratory operations may be made by
Contractor at no additional cost to the Contract.

1.4 Submittals

1.4.1 Submit shop drawings to CICPA for review before commencing pile
work.
1.4.2 Show complete details of pile work, including reinforcing steel details and
schedule and sizes of the piles to be used.

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CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455
Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)
Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3
Tender No:

1.4.3 Submit a detailed description of procedures and equipment to be used.


1.4.4 All reinforcing bar lists and drawings submitted for review are to bear the
signature and stamp of the engineer in the employ of firm preparing the
drawings, before submission to CICPA.
1.4.5 Submit mix design of concrete to CICPA for review and approval.
1.4.6 At the completion of work, submit relevant certificate stating that works
were performed in strict accordance with the specified requirements of this
Section.
1.4.7 The Piling Contractor shall prepare and submit structural calculations for all
piles and obtain approval of same from the Abu Dhabi Municipality
Structural Department. The preparation of such calculations shall be carried
out by a professional Engineer registered in the United Arab Emirates.

1.5 Pile Lengths

1.5.1 Pile lengths to be as required to support the loads that will be calculated by
the CONTRACTOR, and approved by CICPA.
2 MATERIALS

All materials to be used for the piling works shall meet the requirements as specified under
relevant specifications, and any cement to be used for concrete piles shall be a suitable
combination of GGBS, satisfying ASTM C989, CEM II to BS EN 197-1:200 or BS 4246-
1996 & OPC type I to ASTM C150 or CEM I to BS EN 197-1 2000: or BS-12 and approved
by CICPA.

It shall be 70% Ordinary Portland Cement and 30% GGBS in the Concrete Mix. Unless
otherwise recommended in soil report.

3 EXECUTION OF WORK

3.1 Temporary Casing

Generally cast-in-situ (bored) piles with temporary casing method BS 2004 and BS
8004 will be permitted for execution. Installing bored cast in situ piles using CFA
will not be permitted. Immediately after the drilling, the reinforcement has to be
placed; ensuring a minimum concrete cover of 75 mm, and the pile has to be cast.

3.2 Drilling Operation

3.2.1 Where required, casing pipes shall penetrate ahead of the removal of soil,
likewise during drilling above the ground-water table.

3.2.2 In the vicinity of underground water, additional water has to be filled up


during the drilling. The hydro-static head pressure shall be at least 1.0 m
above the ground water table when filled boring tools are extracted.

VOL 2 SEC B PART A DIVISION 02 CONCRETE PILING PAGE 3 OF 7


CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455
Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)
Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3
Tender No:

3.2.3 Casing shall extend to a sufficient depth below the stiff/solid strata to
adequately seal off the unstable soil material.

3.2.4 Casing pipes shall not be deepened by means of jetting.

3.2.5 Immediately, after the drilling, the reinforcement has to be placed, providing
a concrete cover of 75 mm, and the pile has to be cast.

3.2.6 Temporary casing shall be removed by vibration method; other method of


casing removal shall not be permitted. Except in some cases/piles when
casing removal by vibrator will affect the existing services/buildings, in such
cases CICPA may approve the rotation method for casing removal.

3.3 Concreting

3.3.1 Concreting is to be done through tremie-pipes or equivalent devices to


prevent segregation.

3.3.2 Each pile shall be installed to the correct lengths as designed and approved
by CICPA or when the pile toe reaches the end socket in the recommended
bearing strata.

3.3.3 The CONTRACTOR shall submit to CICPA before start of piling works, a
detailed description of the equipment, materials and procedures that will be
used for the piling work.

3.3.4 The description shall include equipment specifications, including catalogue


data, manufacture's published specifications, loading capacities, protective
devices, and test apparatus, detailed installation procedures test procedures
as well as references concerning previously completed piling work.

3.3.5 Piles shall be installed accurately in their required locations. In vertical


direction, piles shall not be out of plumb by more than one (1%) percent
from the perpendicular. In plan, pile shall not deviate more than 75mm in
any direction at pilling platform level.

3.3.6 Installation procedures shall be such that adjacent piles shall not heave or
move laterally. All installation procedures shall be subject to the CICPA's
approval. Permanently installed shells shall be cut off at the pile cut-off
level.

3.3.7 Daily records of each pile shall be produced by the CONTRACTOR. The
records shall give detailed information on the type, diameter, length,
location, penetration into bearing strata, piling platform level related to zero
level, Date driven, Date casting Depth from piling plat form level to toe, cut
off level, top concrete level, Length of temporary casing, length of
permanent casing and details of any obstructions encountered. Records shall
be submitted in duplicate to CICPA every following working day.

3.3.8 Each cast-in-situ pile shall be filled with quality concrete up to at least
600mm above the cut-off level of the pile to allow for complete removal of

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CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455
Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)
Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3
Tender No:

slush and other foreign matters etc. from the main pile and thus obtain sound
and uniform concrete. Pouring concrete into the pile shall be carried out
using the tremie pipe method as well as the concrete pump. Pouring
concrete into pile shall be stop when complete removal of slush and other
foreign matter has been ensured, or as directed by the CICPAS Engineer.

3.3.9 After concreting to the required level, the temporary steel casing will be
withdrawn by Vibration.

3.3.10 The heads of concrete piles shall be incorporated with in-situ concrete pile
caps, etc., and the concrete in the head of the pile shall be carefully broken
away from the reinforcement which shall then be cleaned and

3.3.11 Straighten as shown on the Drawings (approved by CICPA) or as directed.


The pile shall be cut off at the specified level and the concrete surface shall
be horizontal, plane and free from all loose aggregate.

4 TESTING

4.1 Basics For Test Piles

The CONTRACTOR shall carry out successful foundation load tests in order to prove
the suitability of the pile foundation selected with particular type of soil. The results
of the tests shall be submitted in a format for approval by the CICPA. The Contractor
is requested to include his price for test piles and testing of piles in the erection price
of his offer.

4.2 Types of Tests:

4.2.1 Piling Type Tests (Preliminary Pile Test)

Prior to piling commencement the CONTRACTOR shall install one test pile
of each type proposed. The piles shall be test loaded in conformity with the
relevant Standards, e.g. ASTM D 1143, BS 8004, or DIN 1054.
The piles shall be considered as acceptable in case the obtained load-
settlement/heave diagrams do not indicate movements beyond permissible
limits as per the relevant Standards or written in this section. It is to the
discretion of CICPA to test any pile up to destruction.

All test piles shall be removed prior to issuance of PAC. Other (working)
piles shall not be installed until the load tests have been conducted and the
results evaluated.

4.2.2 Piling Foundation Routine Test (Working Pile Test)

In addition to the above tests the CONTRACTOR shall perform routine tests
at working foundations in order to guarantee the design requirements given
in this Specification at 2% of the working piles, with minimum of 2 piles for
each type.

4.2.3 Integrity Tests

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CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455
Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)
Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3
Tender No:

The integrity of the piles shall be carried on 100% of piles.

4.3 Details for Pile Tests

4.3.1 The CONTRACTOR shall execute the test piles using the same equipment
which he intends to use for execution of all the piles. The test piles should
be of the same length and same type as the piles proposed for the project.

4.3.2 The loading tests of piles shall be in accordance with the procedure outlined
in ASTM D1143 as well as ISSMFE recommendation on "Axial pile loading
tests", Part 1, static loading. Type tests (preliminary pile tests) are to be
loaded to either 200% of the anticipated design load, or to the ultimate
bearing load, or up to destruction. For routine tests (working pile tests) a
loading to 150% of the design load is required.

4.3.3 Vertical movements shall be measured by means of at least three dial


gauges; horizontal movements shall be measured by two dial gauges only,
all with a precision of 1/100 mm

4.4 Test Reports

Reports on pile testing shall be submitted to the CICPA and shall contain, among
others, the following information:

- Layout of test equipment and description.


- Pile identification, diameter and length.
- Sketch of soil conditions and ground water location.
- Complete records of level, load cell and dial gauge readings against date and time
throughout the test, preferably in tabulation form.
- Graphs of load and settlement/heave versus time.
- Graphs of settlement/heave versus load.
- Remarks concerning any unusual occurrences during the loading of the pile.

4.5 Evaluation / Conclusion

An acceptable design load will be determined by CICPA based on the results


evaluations of the loading test of a pile. Generally, a pile shall not have a total
settlement of more than 1.5% of pile diamenter or residual (net) settlement, after
removal of the ultimate or maximum load, exceeding 6 mm, whichever is less. The
pile not satisfying the above mentioned critarion will be considered insufficient to
carry the required loads and will be trated as failure. A pile shall be considered
satisfactory if it satisfyies all the criterion stated under relevent sections of BS 8004,
in addition to the above mentioned criteria.

If the result of the test on the pile(s) is not to the satisfaction of CICPA, the
CONTRACTOR shall change the system or the design of the piles,

VOL 2 SEC B PART A DIVISION 02 CONCRETE PILING PAGE 6 OF 7


CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455
Critical Infrastructure And Costal Protection Authority (CICPA)
Tender for: Construction of CICPA Facilities At Al Sadr phase-3
Tender No:

and choose any type of piles approved by the CICPA for which test piles will be
constructed and the loading test performed until the CONTRACTOR gets successful
results without extra cost and without extension of time.

For working piles residual or net settlement shall not exceed 4.5mm, after removal of
all loads.

END OF SECTION

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CIVIL/ARCHITECTURAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION 02455