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CENTRAL PHILIPPINE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
ILOILO CITY, PHILIPPINES
Email: chem._engg@cpu.edu.ph

Experiment No. __

Pressure Control Experiment

I. Objectives

The main objective of this experiment is to determine and understand the concept of
pressure control systems using process control instruments.

II. Theory

III. Materials and Equipment

Process Control System

IV. Procedure

For Pressure Control, Low Pressure


To begin, make sure the level/flow cascade loops are functioning without problems. Tune
both loops based on the results you had from the previous level/flow experiment.

Open the tank output valve, HV1-3, one turn. Close the inlet air valve HV1-2. Place PC1-
1 in manual, open output valve to 100%. Open HV1-1 2 turns. Turn on the water and air supply.
Make sure PCV1-2 is set for 5 psig. Fill the tank to 60% level, 60% on the level control. When the
tank has reached 60%, close inlet and outlet water valves, FV1-1 and HV1-3.

Refer to Good Tuning, set default settings for PC1-1 as a gas pressure controller. Set the
set point at 1.0 psig. Use auto-tuner to tune the pressure controller. In this case assume the process
is integrating and the Process Type selection on the Auto Tuner screen is Gas Pressure. Note
settings and print out results. Change the set point from 1.0 to 1.5 psig. Note behavior and plot
results.

Return the set point to 1.0 psig. Change level controller set point to 85%. Open the water
valve and add water until the level reaches 85%. Note the behavior and plot results.

Set level set point to 10% and fully open HV1-3 to drain the tank to 10% level. Note the
control behavior and plot results.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
ILOILO CITY, PHILIPPINES
Email: chem._engg@cpu.edu.ph

Use auto-tuner to tune controller with the level at 10%. In this case assume the process is
again integrating and the Process Type selection on the Auto Tuner screen is Gas Pressure. Note
settings. How do they compare with the
.
For Pressure Control, High Pressure
In the previous section we assumed the process was integrating because the operational
pressure was somewhat lower than the gas regulator setting. So under these conditions, an
increasing pressure did not change the inlet flow rate applicably. In this section we are going to
operate the tank gas pressure at a higher pressure.

Leaving the level at ~ 10%, increase the pressure controller to 4 psig. Use the Auto Tuner,
this time the process has the Non Integrating selection.

How do those settings compare with the previous settings? Now increase the level to 85%.
How did the system respond to the increasing level?

Lower the pressure set point to 1.0 psig, let the control stabilize. Use the Auto Tuner again
and note the results. Then increase the set point to 3.0 psig. How did the system behave? Plot
results.

V. Diagram
CENTRAL PHILIPPINE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
ILOILO CITY, PHILIPPINES
Email: chem._engg@cpu.edu.ph

VI. Data and Results

VII. Observations and Discussion of Results

VIII. Conclusion and Recommendations

IX. Applications

X. References