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EXPERIMENT 5.

1 REFLECTION OF LIGHT
AIM: To observe and record how plane and curved mirrors reflect light beams.
EXPERIMENT 1: PLANE MIRROR
Lay a piece of white paper on the bottom of the optical table, using the screen or card to make sure the laser path goes across
the middle of the sheet. Position the mirror on the sheet so that it makes an angle with the light beam, as shown in figure
below. Record your data in the provided table.

Angle of incidence, Angle of reflection, Mirror

i
r

Normal

EXPERIMENT 2: CONCAVE MIRRORS


(a)Position the light box at the edge of this paper and turn it on. Place the triple-ray-forming plate into the slot and adjust the
box to ensure that the three rays emitted are parallel.
Place the concave mirror about 10cm from the front of the light box and align it so that the central ray reflects back on itself.
Trace the incident and reflected rays and note where they meet. This spot is called the FOCAL POINT of the mirror. Draw the
reflected light ray, mark and label the focal point.
RAY DIAGRAM:

(b) How far is the Focal Point from the mirror?______________________________________ (This distance is called the FOCAL LENGTH
of the mirror.)
KBAT: Why do satellite dishes use concave reflectors?
__________________________________________________________________________________

EXPERIMENT 3: CONVEX MIRRORS


(a) Position the light box on the edge of this paper and turn it on. Place the triple-ray-forming plate into the slot. Place the
convex mirror (the concave mirror in reverse) about 10cm from the front of the light box and align it so that the central
ray reflects back on itself. Trace the incident and reflected rays.
RAY DIAGRAM:

(b) Once you have drawn the rays, trace the reflected light rays (which should all be spreading out) back behind the mirror.
Use dotted lines. They should all meet at the same spot, which is called the virtual focus. Mark in the virtual focus.
How far is the Virtual Focal Point from the mirror (the Focal Length)? _________________________

Question:
1. Is the Law of Reflection obeyed?
2. Compare your results from the flat mirror and the curved mirror. Which set of results obeys the Law of Reflection
most closely?