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ASSIGNMENT ONE 10 marks

Due Friday 10/9/2010 at 11.59pm


available since 26/07, last updated 26/07

Number Conversion (2 marks)

Convert each of the following binary numerals to base 10:

512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
512+ 256+ 128+ 64+ 32+ 16+ 8+ 4+ 2+ 1+
i. 1111111111(10) =1023

Convert each of the following binary numerals to base 10:

32 16 8 4 2 1
1 0 1 1 0 1
32 0 8 4 0 1
i. 101101(10) = 45

Convert each of the following decimal numerals to binary: 77

77 DECEIMAL NUMBER IN BINARY IS = 1001101

302 DECEIMAL NUMBER IN BINARY IS = 100101110

2|77 1 2| 302 0

2|38 0 2| 151 1

2|19 1 2 | 75 1

2| 9 1 2| 37 1

2| 4 0 2| 18 0

2| 2 0 2| 9 1

2|1 1 2| 4 0

0 2| 2 0

2| 1 1
0

1. Convert base ten number -21 to its equivalent two's complement in 8 bit
(single byte) format. +-21= 10101 -01011

2| 21 1

2| 10 0

2| 5 1

2| 2 0

2| 1 1

2. Convert 11110110 in two's complement representation (in 8 bits) to a base ten


integer.

128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1
1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
128+ 64+ 32+ 16+ 0 4+ 2+ 0
11110110 = 246

Coding Simple C++ Programs (6


marks)
WRITE YOUR PROGRAMS IN A PROPER AND CONSISTENT CODING STYLE.

5. Write a C++ program with a case structure. The program reads in a character
from the user, then translates it into a different character according to the
following rules:
i. characters X, Y, Z will be translated to characters x, y, z respectively;
ii. the space character ' ' will be translated to underscore '_'
iii. digits 0, 1, 2, .., 9 will all be translated to the question mark '?'
iv. all other characters remain unchanged.

The program then displays the translated character.

NOTE: You can make use of cin.get() to get the next character even if that
character is a white space, see for example,

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
char ch;
cout << "Enter a char:";
ch=cin.get();
cout << "1st char has code " << unsigned(ch)
<< " and is \"" << ch << "\"\n";
system("pause");
return 0;
}

6. Write a C++ program that reads from keyboard 3 integer numbers, with proper
input prompt, and then display the number that is neither the largest nor the
smallest. You may assume that these 3 numbers are distinct in value, or
consider a number not to be the largest (respectively, smallest) if there is
another number which is larger (respectively, smaller) or equal in value.
7. Write a C++ program with a loop structure that reads in 2 integers, calculates
the sum of all the integers between these 2 integers (not including these 2
integers) if any, and displays the final result. For example, if the 2 integers you
read are -2 and 5, then your program should output 9 (= -1+0+1+2+3+4).
8. Write a function getInterest prototyped by

double getInterest(double base, double rate, int years);

that calculates the accumulated amount of interest on the base amount at the
interest rate rate for years number years. Mathematically, this accumulated
interest can be represented by

Interest = Base * (1 + Rate)Years - Base

Then write a driver program that, for an initial amount of 10000 dollars and

the annual interest rate 3.5%, calculate the total interest earned for 10 years.

IPO Diagram and Pseudocode (2


marks)
9. Develop a Defining Diagram, and construct an algorithm in pseudocode that
reads a series of numbers, until a non-positive number (0, or negative number)
is read, finds the largest among all those that are read, and displays the result.

Note on Submission
o This assignment must be submitted electronically via WebCT before the due
date. No email submissions will be accepted.
o Submitted files may be zipped together as a single zip file (but not as a zipx
file), if a student wishes to do so. However, no other file compression or file
archiving formats will be accepted for the submission.
o All C++ programs must be compilable under Dev-C++ ver 4.9.9.2, or more
precisely, under g++ 3.4.2 (mingw-special).
o The electronic submission should contain the paper work in plain text or in
Microsoft Word format (must be readable on the School's lab computers), and
the C++ source code (the .cpp file(s)) as well as other relevant files if any.
Please do not include the compiled executables as the markers will generate
them for you independently anyway.
o Each submission must be accompanied by a declaration of the ownership of
the submitted work as described in the unit outline and learning guide. Please
note that an examiner or lecturer/tutor has the right not to mark this assignment
if a pertinent declaration is not present in your submission.
o Late submissions will attract a daily incremented late penalty of 10% per day.
o Please note that if your C++ program does not compile, you automatically lose
50% of the marks in the C++ coding part.