Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

ISTILAH DALAM KOMPUTER

No Istilah Artinya

A
1. ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
2. ACR Advanced Communications Riser
3. ADC Analog to Digital Converter
4. ADPCM Adaptive Differential Pulse-Code Modulation
5. ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
6. AGP Accelerated Graphics Port
7. ALI Acer Labs, Incorporated
8. ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit
9. AM Active Matrix
10. AMD Advanced Micro Devices
11. AMR Audio Modem Riser
12. ANSI American National Standards Institute
13. APM Advanced Power Management
14. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
15. ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
16. ASPI Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
17. AT Advanced Technology
18. ATA Advanced Technology Attachment
19. ATAPI AT Attachment Packet Interface
20. ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
21. ATX Advanced Technology Extended
B
22. BGA Ball Grid Array
23. BIOS Basic Input Output System
24. BIT Binary Digit
25. BNC Barrel Nut Connector
26. BNC Berkeley Nuclear Connector
27. BNC British Naval Connector
28. BSRAM Burst Static Random Access Memory
C
29. CAS Column Address Signal
30. CAV Constant Angular Velocity
31. CD Compact Disk
32. CDR Compact Disk Recorder
33. CDRW Compact Disk Re-Writer
34. CDTV Commodore Dynamic Total Vision
35. CD-ROM Compact Disk - Read Only Memory
36. CFM Cubic Feet per Minute (ft/min)
37. CGA Color Graphics Adapter
38. CISC Complex Instruction Set Computer
39. CLV Constant Linear Velocity
40. CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
41. CMYK Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
42. COAST Cache On A Stick
43. CNR Communication Network Riser
44. CPRM Copyright Protection for Recordable Media
45. CPU Central Processing Unit
46. CSU/DSU Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit
47. CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
48. CRIMM Continuity Rambus Inline Memory Module
49. CRT Cathode Ray Tube
D
50. DAC Digital-to-Analog Converter
51. DACS Digital Access and Cross-connect System
52. DAE Digital Audio Extraction
53. DDC Display Data Channel
54. DDR Double Data Rate
55. DDR-SDRAM Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
56. DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
57. DIMM Dual Inline Memory Module
58. DIP Dual Inline Pin
59. DMA Direct Memory Access
60. DOCSIS Data Over Cable Systems Interface Specifications
61. DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
62. DPI Dots Per Inch
63. DS/DD Double Sided, Double Density
64. DS/HD Double Sided, High Density
65. DSL Digital Subscriber Line
66. DSP Digital Signal Processing
67. DSTN Dual Supertwisted Nematic
68. DUN Dial Up Networking
69. DVD Digital Versatile Disc
70. DVD-RAM Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory
E
71. EBps Exabytes per second
72. Ebps Exabits per second
73. ECC Error Correction Code
74. ECP Enhanced Capability Port
75. EDO Extended Data Out
76. EDGE Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution
77. EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
78. EPROM Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
79. EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter
80. EGA Enhanced Graphics Array
81. EIDE Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
82. EIAJ Electronics Industry Association of Japan
83. EISA Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture
84. EMI Electro-Magnetic Interference
85. EMS Expanded Memory Specification
86. ESDRAM Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic DRAM
87. EPIC Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing
88. EPP Enhanced Parallel Port
89. ESD Electro-Static Discharge
90. EWSD Electronic Worldwide Switch Digital
F
91. FC-PGA Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
92. FDC Floppy Disk Controller
93. FDD Floppy Disk Drive
94. FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interconnect
95. FeRAM Ferroelectric Random Access Memory
96. FIFO First In First Out
97. FLOPS Floating Point Operations per Second
98. FMD Flourescent Multi-layer Disk
99. FMD-ROM Flourescent Multi-layer Disk - Read Only Memory
100. FPGA Field-Programmable Gate Array
101. FPM Fast Page Mode
102. FPS Frame Per Second
103. FPU Floating Point Unit
104. FSAA Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
105. FSB Front Side Bus
106. FXSR Fast Save and Restore
G
107. GART Graphics Address Remapping Table
108. GB Gigabytes
109. GBps Gigabytes per second
110. Gbps Gigabits per second
111. GDI Graphical Device Interface
112. GFD Gold Finger Device
113. GHz GigaHertz
114. GIF Graphics Interchange Format
115. GPA Graphics Performance Accelerator
116. GPU Graphics Processing Unit
117. GPRS General Packet Radio Service
118. GSR Gigabit Switched Router
119. GTS GigaTexel Shade
120. GSM Global System for Mobile Communication
H
121. HCI Human-Computer Interaction/Interface
122. HDD Hard Disk Drive
123. HIPPI High Performance Parallel Interface
124. HPA High Performance Addressing
125. HSF Heat Sink and Fan
126. HSDPA High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
127. HSPA High Speed Packed Access
128. HSUPA High-Speed Uplink Packet Access
129. HSR Hidden Surface Removal
130. HardOCP Hard Overclocker Comparison Page
I
131. IBM International Business Machines Corporation
132. IC Integrated Circuit
133. ICH I/O Controller Hub
134. IDE Integrated Drive Electronics
135. IDSL ISDN Digital Subscriber Line
136. IEEE Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
137. IFTTC Integrated Fiber To The Curb
138. IFITL Integrated Fiber In The Loop
139. IHA Intel Hub Architecture
140. I/O Input/Output
141. IR Infra Red
142. IRQ Interrupt Request
143. ISA Industry Standard Architecture
144. ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
145. ISO International Standards Organization
J
146. JBOD Just a Bunch Of Disks
147. JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
148. JPG Joint Photographic Group
K
149. Kbps Kilobits Per Second
150. KBps KiloBytes per second
151. KNI Katmai New Instructions
152. KVM Keyboard Video Mouse
L
153. LASER Light Amplified by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation
154. LBA Logical Block Addressing
155. LCD Liquid Crystal Display
156. LDT Lightning Data Transport
157. LED Light Emitting Diode
158. LIF Low Insertion Force
159. LIFO Last In First Out
160. LMA Lightspeed Memory Architecture
161. LPT Line Print Terminal
162. LUN Logical Unit Number
163. LVD Low-Voltage Differential
M
164. MAC Media Access Control
165. MB MotherBoard
166. MB Megabyte
167. MBps Megabytes Per Second
168. Mbps Megabits Per Second
169. MC Micro-Channel
170. MCA Micro Channel Architecture
171. MCE Machine Check Exception
172. MCGA Multi-Color Graphic Array
173. MDRAM Multibank Dynamic Random Access Memory
174. MEMS Micro-Electromechanical Systems
175. MFLOPS Millions of FLoating point Operations Per Second
176. MFM Modified Frequency Modulation
177. MHz MegaHertz
178. MIPS Million Instructions Per Second
179. MMX Multi-Media Extensions
180. Modem Modulate/Demodulate
181. MTRR Memory Type Range Registers
N
182. NAS Network Attached Storage
183. NAT Network Address Translation
184. NFG Not Functioning Good
185. NIC Network Interface Card
O
186. OC Overclock (Over Clock)
187. OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
188. OTFT Organic Thin-Film Transistor
P
189. PA-RISC Precision Archetecture Reduced Instruction Set Computing
190. PAL Phase Alternation Line
191. PAN Personal Area Network
192. PAT Port Address Translation
193. PBC Pipelined Burst Cache
194. PC Personal Computer
195. PCB Printed Circuit Board
196. PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
197. PCM Pulse Code Modulation
198. PCMCIA Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
199. PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
200. PGA Professional Graphics Array
201. PIO Programmable Input/Output
202. PIXEL Picture Element
203. PLD Programmable Logic Device
204. PnP Plug n Play
205. POST Power On Self Test
206. POTS Plain Old Telephone System
207. PPGA Plastic Pin Grid Array
208. PPP Point to Point Protocol
209. PPPoA Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
210. PPPoE Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
211. PRAM Parameter Random Access Memory
212. PROM Programmable Read-Only Memory
213. PSU Power Supply Unit
214. PWM Pulse Width Modulation
Q
215. QDR Quadruple Data Rate
216. QVGA Quarter Video Graphics Array
R
217. RADSL Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
218. RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
219. RAID Redundant Array of Independant Disks
220. RAM Random Access Memory
221. RAMDAC Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor
222. RDRAM Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
223. RGB Red Green Blue
224. RIMM Rambus Inline Memory Module
225. RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computing
226. RLL Run Length Limited
227. ROM Read Only Memory
228. RPM Revolutions Per Minute
S
229. SAN Storage Area Network
230. SASID Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display
231. SCA SCSI Configured Automatically
232. SCSI Small Computer System Interface
233. SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
234. SDSL Synchronus Digital Subscriber Line
235. SECC Single Edge Contact Connector
236. SEP Single Edge Processor
237. SEPP Single Edge Processor Package
238. SGI Silicon Graphics Incorporated
239. SGRAM Synchronous Graphics RAM
240. SIMD Single Instruction-Stream, Multiple Data-Stream
241. SIMM Single Inline Memory Module
242. SLI Scan Line Interleave
243. SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
244. SMDS Switched Multimegabit Data Service
245. SMP Symmetric MultiProcessing
246. SNR Signal to Noise Ratio
247. SODIMM Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
248. SPARC Scalable Processor ArChitecture
249. SOHO Small Office Home Office
250. SRAM Static Random Access Memory
251. SSE Streaming SIMD Extensions
252. STN Supertwisted Nematic
253. STP Shieled Twisted Pair
254. SVGA Super Video Graphics Array
255. S/PDIF Sony/Philips Digital Interface
T
256. TB Terabytes
257. TBps Terabytes per second
258. Tbps Terabits per second
259. TEC Thermoelectric Cooler
260. TFT Thin Film Transistor
261. THz TeraHertz
262. TIM Thermal Interface Material
263. TNT TwiN Texel
264. TOPS Theoretical Operations Per Second
265. TSOP Thin Small Outline Package
266. TTL Transistor Transistor Logic
267. TWAIN Technology Without An Important Name
U
268. UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
269. UDMA Ultra Direct Memory Access
270. UMA Unified Memory Architechture
271. UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
272. UPS Uninteruptible Power Supply
273. USB Universal Serial Bus
274. UTP Unshieled Twisted Pair
V
275. VCD Video CD
276. VCM Virutal Channel Memory
277. VCRAM Virtual Channel Read Access Memory
278. VDSL Very High Data Digital Subscriber Line
279. VESA Video Electronics Standards Association
280. VFD Vacuum-Flourescent Displays
281. VGA Video Graphics Array
282. VIVO Video In, Video Out
283. VLB VESA Local Bus
284. VPN Virtual Private Network
285. VRAM Video Random Access Memory
W
286. WORM Write-Once Read-Many
287. WRAM Window Random Access Memory
288. WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get
X
289. XGA Extended Graphics Array
290. XMS Extended Memory Specification
291. XT Extended Technology
Z
292. ZIF Zero Insertion Force
293. ZV Zoomed Video