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INTRODUCTION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE HUMAN PERSON

CONTENT Human Persons are Oriented Toward Their Impending Death


LESSON NAME The Meaning of Life
CONTENT STANDARDS The learner understands human beings as oriented towards their impending death.
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS The learner writes a philosophical reflection on the meaning of his/her own life.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES 8.3. Explain the meaning of life (where will all these lead to)
8.4. Reflect on the meaning of his/her own life.
SPECIFIC LEARNING OUTCOMES 1. Read, understand, and explain the meaning of life through the selections of Arthur Schopenhauer, Martin Heidegger,
and Jean-Paul Sartre
2. Create and reflect the meaning of life through vision and mission statements
TIME ALLOTMENT 180 minutes

LESSON OUTLINE:
During the lesson, the learners will:
1. Introduction: Review of the previous lesson.
2. Motivation: Fill Me/Posing a Question/Interactive Work (Video Presentation on
3. Instruction/Delivery: Lecture/Question-Discussion
4. Practice: Formative assessment and Drafting epitaph
5. Enrichment: Small group sharing and reflecting
6. Evaluation: Performance Task

MATERIALS
RESOURCES

PROCEDURE MEETING THE LEARNERS NEEDS


INTRODUCTION Teachers Tip:
Review of the previous lesson.
MOTIVATION
Option 1: Finish these phrases and share your thoughts to the class:
I find life as ___________________________________________
My goal is to __________________________________________
Death is _____________________________________________
Option 2: How do you describe your life now?
Option 3: Video Presentation on Extra-Judicial Killings
INSTRUCTION/DELIVERY Teachers Tip
A. Lecture/Question-Discussion The teacher will pose questions using Guided Generalization for Understanding.
Arthur Schopenhauer
The essay of Schopenhaur begins with the predicament of all the self with its
struggles and its destiny: What am I? What shall I do with my life? We have to be Arthur Schopenhauer Martin Heidegger Jean-Paul Sartre
responsible for our own existence. Each of us knows that he is a unique person, but
1. What is the main idea of the 1. What is the main idea of the 1. What is the main idea of the
few have the energy, courage, or insight to throw off the husks of convention and passage? passage? passage?
achieve a sincere realization of their potentialities, and no one can do that for us.
However, unless we do become ourselves, life is meaningless. 2. Give supporting details 2. Give supporting details 2. Give supporting details

3. Explain the supporting details 3. Explain the supporting details 3. Explain the supporting details
Martin Heidegger
In Heideggers analysis, human existence is exhibited in care. Care is Similarities of the three contexts

understood in terms of finite temporality, which reaches with death. Death is a Summary (where will all these lead to)
possibility that happens; all possibilities are evaluated in this light, when one lives with
a resoluteness, which brings unity and wholeness to the scattered self. Eternity does
not enter the picture, for wholeness is attainable within humanitys finite temporality.

Jean-Paul Sartre
The person, first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the world, and
defines himself afterward. The person is nothing else but that what he makes of
himself. The person is provided with a supreme opportunity to give meaning to ones
life. In the course of giving meaning to ones life, one fills the world with meaning.

HIGHEST ENABLING STRATEGY AND TEACHING STRATEGY


PRACTICE
Option 1: Formative Assessment (Essay)(Holistic Rubric)
Option 2: The students shall complete the phrase as their own epitaph:
In loving memory of (Name) : a _________________.

In loving memory of Juan dela Cruz: a responsible husband and loving


father .
ENRICHMENT
Option 1: Small group sharing on ones epitaph.
Option 2: Reflect the epitaph in real life
EVALUATION
Final Performance Task of the Course: We are about to finish the course and is now
ready to live a more meaningful life. As a mature individual, create your own vision and
mission statements that specify how you are going to live the rest of your life until
death. Write the one-paragraph vision and mission statements in separate
illustration boards. You can design the board according to how you project your life in
the future. Your output should be comprehensive, realistic, and attractive.

Rubric for Final Output:


Criteria Unacceptable (0) Not Yet Meets Minimally Meets Fully Meets Expectations Exceeds Expectations (4
Expectations (1 point) Expectations (2 points) (3 points) points)
Comprehensiveness (50%) No statements included. Statements are vague do Statements have features Statements are clear and Statements are not only
not provide a clear vision that lack desired concise considering the clear and concise but in
or mission for what accomplishment. previous lesson tackled in depth insight to the extent
student wants to the course, thus stating that the content 1-7 are
accomplish. what student wants to applied ,thus stating what
accomplish. student wants to
accomplish
Realistic (30%) The students vision and Some of the elements are The students vision and The students vision and The students vision and
mission statements are not not realistic in nature. mission statements are mission statements are mission statements are not
realistic and practical and decently realistic but realistic in that they seem only realistic but unique in
do not seem well thought difficult to achieve. lofty but achievable. the sense that it is not
out. common to the life of
others but achievable.
Visual Presentation (20%) Unfinished product. Messy, difficult to read. No Somewhat messy. Has Vibrant and easy to read Vibrant, creative, easy to
graphics included. graphics that do not match and understand. Graphics read and understand.
Spelling/grammar errors the statements. Very little creatively enhance the key Graphics creatively
interfere with readers effort put into creating a features of the statements. enhance the key features
understanding of the text. neat product. of the statements. Student
put exceptional effort into
completing the product.