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ESTRUCTURA USOS ADD

S + Verbo simple. ("S" o -es para ( he, she, it) Para expresar acciones que se realizan habitualmente
(hbitos) o que se pueden considerar como
(+)
rutinas.Ejemplo:She wakes up at seven o'clock every
morning
S +do (I,you, we, they ) / does (he,she,it) +not + Verbo Suele ir acompaado de adverbios de frecuencia ( always,
(-) simple never, often, sometimes). Ejemplo:He never tidies his
room
PRESENTE SIMPLE Do/does + S + Verbo simple Para referirnos a verdades generales o
(?)
(l mira television) universales.Ejemplo:Cows give milk
I watch tv every afternoon En las condicionales de primer tipo. Ejemplo:If she studies
she will pass the exam
I do not watch tv every afternoon Si el verbo termina en "ss", "sh", "ch", "x", "o", al formar la 3
example Do I watch tv every afternoon? persona del singular se le aade "-es". example :kisses
She finishes her homework on time Si el verbo termina en "y" tras consonante, al formar la 3
She does not finish her homework on time persona del singular se sustituye esta "y" por una "i", seguida de la
Does she finish her homework on time? terminacin "es". Example: carry =carries
(+) S + has (he, she, it) / have (I, you, we, they + Verbo El "present perfect" es un tiempo que sirve para describir
(-) participio
S de pasado
+ (has/have) +not (3 columna)
+ Verb particip. pasado (3 columna) acciones que acaban de suceder en el pasado y que guardan
(has/have ) + S + Verb. participio pasado (3 columna) alguna relacin con el presente, an no finalizan
(?)
PRESENTE PERFECTO I have read a book. Para expresar acciones que ocurrieron en un momento
(ella ha terminado su I have not done my homework pasado no muy lejano y que tienen algn tipo de infuenca en
lectura) Have I done my homework? el presente.Ejemplo: They have not stopped talking!!
example
She has finished lectures Es muy frecuente con expresiones como ever , yet ,
She has not finished lectures never , since , already
Has she finished lectures?
(+) Sujeto + (am/is/are) + Verbo terminado en ing Para expresar acciones que se estn realizando en el
(-) S + (am/is/are) +not + Verbo terminado en ing momento en que se habla.Ejemplo:What is he doing now?
(?) (am/is/are) + S + Verbo terminado en ing Para expresar una accin futura que ya se ha
PRESENTE CONTINUO You are reading a newspaper planeado.Ejemplo:We are travelling to Asturias next week
( l est leyendo un You are not reading a newspaper
diario) Are you reading a newspaper? No se suele utilizar con verbos que indican actos de los
example
He is living in Madrid at the moment sentidos, emocionales, de pensamiento o
He is not living in Madrid at the moment Suele aparecer con expresiones como now, right now, at
Is he living in Madrid at the moment? the moment
(+) S + Verb...ed / verb pasado simple si es irregular Para expresar acciones que ocurrieron en un momento
(-) S +did (para todas)+ not + Verbo simple determinado del pasado y que tuvieron su principio y su fin
(?) Did (para todas)+ S + Verbo simple
PASADO SIMPLE (yo I closed the shop yesterrday morning Utilice el pasado simple para expresar la idea de que una accin
cerr la tienda ayer en la I did not close the shop yesterday morning empez y termin en un momento especfico en el pasado. A
maana) Did I close the shop yesterday morning? veces, el orador no puede realmente hablar del tiempo
example especfico, pero s tienen un tiempo especfico en mente.
She stopped the car next to the traffic lights
Sh did not stop the car next to the traffic lights
Did she stop the car next to the traffic lights?
(+) S + was (I,he,she,it) / were(you,we,they) + Verb"ing" Para expresar una accin del pasado durante un tiempo
(-) S + (was/were)+ not + Verb ing determinado. No es relevante saber cuando empez o
(?) (was/were)+ Sujeto + Verbo terminado en ing termin.Ejemplo:You were dancing sevillanas with the
I was having a shower when he arrived French girl
I was not having a shower when he arrived Suele aparecer en combinacin con el pasado simple,
PASADO CONTINUO Was I having a shower when he arrived? cuando expresamos una accin que fue interrum-
(nosotros estbamos pida.Ejemplo:You were studying English when I phoned
jugando futbol)
example We were playing soccer at stadium Puede aparecer en combinacin con otro pasado continuo
We were not playing computer games at home para expresar dos acciones que se estn realizando
were they fighting at school ? simultneamente (al mismo tiempo).Ejemplo:She was
Were we playing computer games at home? cooking dinner and they were eating an ice-cream
We were still working at 10 o'clock last night
S + had + Verbo en participio de pasado (3 columna) Expresa una accin pasada concluida con relacin a otra
(+)
accin o hecho pasados
S + had +not + Verb. participio pasado (3 columna) Generalmente nos encontraremos con dos oraciones simples
(-)
(como en los ejemplos)
(?) had + S + Verb. participio pasado (3 columna) Condicionales de 3 tipo
PASADO PERFECTO I had had an accident, so I could not play football Con la expresin I wish.
I had not had an accident, so I could play football Para hablar de una accin que occuri antes de otra accin, las
Had I had an accident? dos siendo en el pasado. Se usa para mostrar el orden del las
example
She had gone to school, so he was alone accines del pasado.
She had not gone to school, so he was not alone
Had she gone to school?
(+) S +Will (para todas)+ Verbo simple (( I,we shall)) Para expresar una accin futura que suceder
S +Will (para todas)+ not + Verbo simple ((I,we shan't)) independientemente de la intencin del hablante.
(-) Ejemplo:I will die some day

(?) Will + S + Verbo simple Para expresar una decisin o pensamiento que surge en el
I shall take a holiday in space momento de la conversacin.Ejemplo:- I don't know what to
FUTURO SIMPLE WILL We shall travel to the moon do ith my old computer... I'll sell it for you
(nosotros jugaremos She will be fourteen next year Para hacer PREDICCIONES (este uso aparece
futbol) especialmente con verbos de pensamiento como think,
She won't be fourteen next year
example Will she be fourteen next year? relieve, to be afraid ). Ejemplo:I think you'll be rich and
It will rain soon have ten children
It won't rain soon En las oraciones condicionales de primer tipo. Ejemplo:If it
I shan't live on another planet rains you won't go out tonight
Will it rain soon? Promesas.Ejemplo:Will you marry me?
ESTRUCTURA USOS ADD
(+) S + (am/is/are ) +going to + Verbo simple Para expresar acciones futuras que han sido PLANEADAS Y
GOING TO (-) S + (am/is/are ) +not + going to + verbo simple PREMEDITADAS con antelacin.Ejemplo:Are you going to
Yo me voy a comprar una (?) (am/is/are ) + S +going to + Verbo simple play basketball this weekend?
casa They are going to get married next month
(estoy totalmente I am going to buy a house.
decidido, ya estoy Are they going to get married next month? Cuando tenemos la certeza de que algo va a
example
buscando casa, He is going to watch the football match this afternoon ocurrir.Ejemplo: There is no oil left, the motorbike is going
PRESENTE
ahorrando,SIMPLE
etc.) He is not going to watch the football match thi afternoon to stop
(l mira television)
Is he going to watch the football match this afternoon
(+) S +will +be + Verb ing Para expresar una accin que suceder de
(-) S + will +not +be + Verb ing formaprogresivaen el futuro
(?) "will + S + be + Verb...ing
I will be thinking of you tomorrow
FUTURO CONTINUO
I will not be thinking of you tomorrow Para expresar acciones futuras que no sabemos con
(ellos estarn trabajando) exactitud cundo se realizarn
Will I be thinking of you tomorrow?
example
She will be teaching English next Tuesday at 3 o'clock
She will not be teaching English next Tuesday at 3 o'clock
Will she be teaching English next Tuesday at 3 o'clock?
S + will + Verbo to have en infinitivo + Verbo en participio Indica que la accin del verbo principal se realizar con
(+)
de pasado (3 columna) anterioridad al tiempo indicado por una expresin de tiempo
S + will +not + Verbo to have en infinitivo + Verbo en que le suele acompaar
(-)
participio de pasado (3 columna)
(?) will + Sujeto + Verbo to have + Verbo en participio de Tienes que seguir estas reglas para escribir los participios
FUTURO PERFECTO
Ipasado (3married
will have columna)
this time next Saturday pasados regularesen ingls:
(ella habr terminado la
I will not have married this time next Saturday Si el verbo es regular y acaba en una vocal y un consonante
cena...)
Will I have married this time next Saturday? tienes que escribir dos consonantes: Ejemplo:stop > stopped
example She will have finished dinner by 8 o'clock Si el verbo acaba en ytienes que quitar yy aadiried
She will not have finished dinner by 8 o'clock Ejemplo:study > studied
Will she have finished dinner by 8 o'clock? Para los verbos regualres simplemente aadir 'ed'
I wont have finished the book by tomorrow
S + (has/have ) + been + Verb...ing Para referirnos a acciones que comenzaron en el pasado y
(+)
que continan en el presente, e incluso en el futuro
(-) S + (have/has) +not + been +Verb...ing
PRESENTE PERFECTO (?) (have/has ) + S + been + Verb. ...ing
CONTINUO (yo he I have been studying for two days Se hace nfasis en la duracin de la accin.
estado estudiando I have not been studying for two days
durante dos das) Have I been studying for two days?
example
It has been snowing since Tuesday
It has not been snowing since Tuesday
Has it been snowing since Tuesday?