Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

The timing and reasons of imposing US and EU sanctions against Russia

Date Crimea Donbass


6th of March NATO suspended military and civil meetings with Russia, and
2014 also refused to plan joint military missions.
12th of March The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development,
2014 by decision of the Governing Council, suspended the process of
taking Russia into its membership and announced the
strengthening of cooperation with Ukraine
17th of March The US, which does not agree with Russia's actions in the
2014 course of the Ukrainian crisis, imposed sanctions on high-
ranking Russian politicians. Restrictions include, in particular, a
ban on entry to the territory of the United States as well as the
blocking of assets and property. The list includes 11 people,
including the speaker of the Federation Council Valentina
Matvienko, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, Assistant to
President Putin Vladislav Surkov, presidential adviser Sergei
Glazyev, State Duma deputies Elena Misulina and Leonid
Slutsky, Senator Andrei Klishas. Also, the US imposed sanctions
against the Prime Minister of the Crimea Sergei Aksenov and
chairman of the Crimean parliament Vladimir Konstantinov.
17th of March NATO suspended practical cooperation with Russia and
2014 excluded it from the process of Syrian chemical weapons
elimination
17th of March The foreign ministers of the EU countries agreed to impose
2014 sanctions against Russian and Ukrainian officials, whom they
consider guilty of undermining the territorial integrity of
Ukraine. The list of officials against whom the EU imposed
sanctions included State Duma deputies Leonid Slutsky, Sergei
Mironov, Sergei Zheleznyak, Senators Andrei Klishas, Viktor
Ozerov, Nikolai Ryzhkov, Vladimir Dzhabarov, Evgeny Bushmin,
Alexander Totoyonov, Oleg Panteleyev, the commanders of the
southern and western military districts - Colonel General
Alexander Galkin and Colonel General Anatoly Sidorov, as well
as ommander of the Black Sea Fleet Vice Admiral Alexander
Vitko. Sanctions were also imposed on the Prime Minister of the
Crimea Sergei Aksenov, First Deputy Prime Minister of the
Republic of Rustam Temirgaliyev, Speaker of the State Council
of the Crimea Vladimir Konstantinov, Vice Speaker of the State
Council of the Crimea Sergei Tsekov, Councilor of the Speaker
of the State Council of the Crimea Yuri Zherebtsov, Mayor of
Sevastopol Alexei Chaly, Head of thethe Crimean Security
Service Peter Zima and former commander of the Naval Forces
of Ukraine rear Admiral Denis Berezovsky. There are 21 people
on the list.
17th of March The government of Canada imposed economic sanctions and
2014 visa restrictions on 10 high-ranking representatives of Russia
and the Crimea.
The list includes Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin,
Prime Minister of the Crimea Sergei Aksyonov, presidential aide
Sergei Glazyev, presidential advisor Vladislav Surkov,
Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko and Senator
Andrei Klishas, as well as deputies Yelena Mizulina and Leonid
Slutsky and Chairman of the State Council of the Republic of
Crimea Vladimir Konstantinov.
18th of March G8 abolished the Group of Eight summit, which was to be held
2014 in Sochi in June.
20th of March The American list was supplemented by the names of 19 other
2014 Russian officials, parliamentarians and businessmen. The list
includes Assistant to President of Russian Federation Andrei
Fursenko, the head of presidential administration Sergei Ivanov
and his first deputy Alexei Gromov, the leader of the Just Russia
party (Russian: , Spravedlivaya Rossiya)
Sergei Mironov, the speaker of the State Duma Sergei
Naryshkin, the head of the Main Intelligence Directorate Igor
Sergun, the head of Russian Railways Vladimir Yakunin and the
The Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation
director Viktor Ivanov. Sanctions were also imposed on the
deputy chairman of the State Duma Sergei Zheleznyak and the
head of the Department of Presidential Affairs Vladimir Kozhin,
entrepreneurs Yuri Kovalchuk, Arkady and Boris Rothenberg
and Gennady Timchenko. In addition, the list includes members
of the Federation Council Eugene Bushmin, Vladimir Jabarov,
Viktor Ozerov, Oleg Panteleyev, Nikolai Ryzhkov and Alexander
Totoyonov. Also, sanctions were imposed against the bank of
the Rossiya Bank. The US Treasury explained the inclusion of
Russian businessmen into the sanctions list by the fact that all
of them are close to the Russian president.
20th of March The EU canceled the EU-Russia summit scheduled for June
2014 2014.
21st of March EU leaders decided to move to the second level of sanctions
2014 against Russia because of the seriousness of the situation in
Ukraine. The enlarged list includes 12 more citizens of Russia
and Ukraine, including Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin,
presidential aide Sergei Glazyev, Federation Council Chairman
Valentina Matvienko. In addition, the list includes the Speaker of
the State Duma Sergei Naryshkin, Deputy Yelena Mizulina,
Presidential Aide Vladislav Surkov and Director General of the
international news agency "Russia Today" Dmitry Kiselev. First
Deputy Commander of the Black Sea Fleet Rear Admiral
Alexander Nosatov, Deputy Commander of the Black Sea Fleet
Rear Admiral Valery Kulikov, Head of the CEC of the Crimea
Mikhail Malyshev, Head of the Sevastopol Election Commission
Valery Medvedev, Deputy Chief of the Southern Military District,
Lieutenant-General Igor Turchenyuk were also included to the
list.
21st of March In connection with the events in Ukraine Canada included in its
2014 sanctions list another 14 Russian officials, as well as the bank
Russia.
25th of March The EU banned its embassies in Russia from issuing all types of
2014 visas to the inhabitants of the Crimea.
25th of March G8 has suspended Russias participation.
2014
1st of April NATO suspended all forms of cooperation with Russia, except
2014 for negotiations at the ambassadorial level and above.
2d of April The Swiss authorities limited the conduct of financial
2014 transactions for 33 Russian officials included in the EU sanctions
list.
2d of April European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation
2014 banned the air travel to the Crimea.
5th of April The Parliamentary Assembly of the North Atlantic Treaty
2014 Organization ceased cooperation with the Federal Assembly of
the Russian Federation.
7 th of April NATO closed free access to headquarters for all employees of
2014 the Russian mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization,
except for the ambassador, his deputy and two assistants.
10th of April The Council of Europe deprived the Russian delegation of the
2014 right to vote and banned its representatives from holding senior
positions in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of
Europe, and also prohibited Russian representatives from
participating in the missions of the observers of the
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe until the end of
2014.
11th of April The United States imposed sanctions on the Crimean company
2014 Chernomorneftegaz and Crimean officials. The mayor of
Sevastopol, Aleksei Chaly, the first vice-premier of the Crimea
Rustam Temirgaliyev, the heads of the Crimean and Sevastopol
election commissions Mikhail Malyshev and Valery Medvedev,
the adviser of the speaker of the State Council of the Crimea
Yuri Zherebtsov, the ex-head of the Crimean department of the
Security Service of Ukraine Petr Zima and the member of the
Russian Federation Council from Crimea Sergey Tsekov.
11th of April Montenegro, Iceland, Albania, Norway and Ukraine joined the
2014 individual EU sanctions adopted on March 17 and expanded on
21 March.
12 th of April Canada imposed sanctions on the head of the election
2014 commission of Sevastopol Valery Medvedev and his colleagues
from the election commission of the Crimea, Mikhail Malyshev,
as well as the oil and gas company Chernomorneftegaz.
17th of April The European Parliament adopted a resolution
2014 recommendation, in which it called for the abandonment of the
construction of the South Stream gas pipeline.
28th of April The US authorities again expanded the sanctions list, included seven more citizens of the Russian Federation and 17
2014 companies. White House spokesman Jay Carney explained this by saying that Russia has done nothing to comply
with the Geneva commitments. Also, Karni accused Moscow of involvement in the violence in eastern Ukraine. The
sanctions were imposed on Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak, Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin, First Deputy Head of the
Kremlin Administration Vyacheslav Volodin. The list also included the presidential envoy to the CFA Oleg
Belaventsev, the head of the Federal Protective Service Eugene Murov, the head of Rostekh Sergei Chemezov and
the head of the State Dumas international affairs committee Alexei Pushkov.
28th of April The EU expanded the sanctions list for another 15 people. It In addition, the representative of the militia of
2014 includes Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak, Chief of the Lugansk Herman Prokopiev, the People's
General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Governor of the Lugansk region Valery Bolotov,
Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate Igor the leaders of the Donetsk Peoples Republic
Sergun, Permanent Representative of the Russian President in Andrey Purgin and Denis Pushilin, the deputy
the Crimea Oleg Belaventsev, Head of the Crimean Ministry leader of the Donbas People's Militia Sergei
Oleg Savelyev, State Duma Deputy Speaker Lyudmila Tsyplakov, the head of the Donbas Peoples
Shvetsova, State Duma Vice Speaker Sergei Neverov, the vice- Defense Igor Strelkov joined the EU sanctions list.
governor of Sevastopol Sergei Menyaailo, the senator in Sovfed
from Sevastopol Olga Kovatidi.
29th of April Canadas sanctions list includes State Duma deputies Vladimir
2014 Zhirinovsky and Alexei Pushkov, first deputy head of the Kremlin
administration Vyacheslav Volodin, Deputy Prime Minister
Dmitry Kozak, member of the State Duma's international affairs
committee Alexander Babakov, presidential envoy to the
Crimean Federal District Oleg Belaventsev, head of the Federal
Protective Service Yevgeny Murov, as well as the Rotenberg
brothers.
In the list of companies were also Expobank and
Rosenergobank.
29 th of April Japan imposed additional sanctions against 23 government
2014 officials of the Russian Federation, who could have been
involved in the violation of Ukraines sovereignty. The names of
officials were not reported.
2d of May The Swiss authorities expanded the list of persons subject to
2014 financial restrictions to 15 people in response to the enlarged EU
list.
4th of May The Prime Minister of Canada stated that sanctions are imposed
2014 against 16 Russian entities and apply to the following Russian
banks and legal entities: InvestCapitalBank, Sobinbank, the
Northern Sea Route Bank, Aquanika, Avia Group, Avia Group
Nord, ZEST, Sakhatrans, Stroygazmontazh, Abros Investment
Company, Volga Group, Stroytransgaz Holding and its four
subsidiaries.
6th of May The Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering refused to hold a planned plenary meeting in Moscow, despite
2014 the fact that Russia was the countrys presiding country in the first half of 2014.
8th of May The Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering
2014 decided not to hold a joint plenary meeting with the Eurasian Group on Countering the Legalization of Criminal
Incomes and the Financing of Terrorism.
12th of May The EU Foreign Affairs Council has added another 13 people to
2014 the list of EU sanctions against those guilty, in its opinion, in
destabilizing the situation in Ukraine. The list includes the first
deputy head of the Kremlin administration Vyacheslav Volodin,
the commander of the airborne forces, Colonel General Vladimir
Shamanov, and the head of the State Duma Committee on
Constitutional Legislation and State Building Vladimir Pligin. In
addition, the prosecutor of the Crimea Natalya Poklonskaya, the
prosecutor of Sevastopol Igor Shevchenko, the acting secretary
of the Crimea, got into the sanctions list. Head of the Federal
Migration Service of Russia in the Republic of Crimea Petr
Yarosh, acting the head of the migration service of Sevastopol
Oleg Kozyura. The EU also decided to freeze the assets of two
companies from Sevastopol and the Crimea - Feodosia and
Chernomorneftegaz.
13th of May The Canadian authorities announced the imposition of additional The Canadian authorities imposed sanctions
2014 sanctions against six Russian citizens and six Ukrainian against the commander of the armed forces of the
supporters of federalization. The list of sanctions from the self-proclaimed Donetsk Peoples Republic, Igor
Russian side included: the head of the Russian General Staff Girkin (Strelkov).
Valery Gerasimov, the acting governor of Sevastopol Sergei
Menyaylo, the vice-speakers of the State Duma Sergei Neverov
and Lyudmila Shvetsova, the Russian minister for the affairs of
the Crimea Oleg Savelyev, the first member of the Federation
Council of the Federal Assembly of the Executive authorities of
the Republic of Crimea Olga Kovitidi.
14th of May The EU refused to participate in the conference "EU-Russia
2014 Energy Dialogue: Gas Aspect" held in Brussels.
19th of May The Swiss authorities expanded the list of persons subject to
2014 financial and visa restrictions for 13 people in response to the
enlarged EU list.
25th of May The Council of Europe canceled all planned events in Russia.
2014
26th of May Montenegro, Iceland, Albania, Liechtenstein and Norway have
2014 joined the implementation of the new sanctions lists of EU.
19th of June Australia imposed financial sanctions against 50 Russians and
2014 11 companies because of the situation in Ukraine. Earlier, in
March, the Australian authorities announced the imminent
imposition of sanctions against 12 Russian and Ukrainian
officials.
21th of May The Australian government has decided to expand the sanctions
2014 for another 38 persons and impose restrictions on 11
companies. The names of those who got into the black
listswere not indicated. Sanctions have been introduced against
advisor to President of Russian Federation Sergei Glazyev,
head of the Council of Federation Valentina Matvienko, Senator
Andrei Klishas, State Duma Speaker Sergei Naryshkin, deputies
Elena Mizulina and Alexei Pushkov, vice-premiers Dmitry
Rogozin and Dmitry Kozak, presidential aides Vladislav Surkov,
Vladimir Kozhin and Andrey Fursenko, the head of the
presidential administration of Russia Sergei Ivanov, the first
deputy head of the Kremlin administration Vyacheslav Volodin
and Alexei Gromov, acting the head of the Crimea Sergey
Aksenov, businessmen Yuri Kovalchuk, Arkady and Boris
Rotenberg, Gennady Timchenko, the head of Russian Railways
Vladimir Yakunin, as well as a number of leaders of
unrecognized Luhansk and Donetsk Peoples Republics. This
list also includes Bank Russia, InvestCapitalBank, SMP Bank,
OOO Stroygazmontazh, Avia Group Nord, Stroytransgaz Group,
Volga-Group, Chernomorneftegaz, as well as other companies
and individuals.
30th of May NATO recalled the associate membership of the Russian
2014 parliament in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.
21st of June Canada imposed additional economic sanctions and a ban on
2014 entry into the country for 11 Russian citizens.
12th of July The EU expanded its sanctions list for 11 people.
2014
16st of July Washington synchronized its sanctions list with the
2014 European one. The United States imposed visa
and financial restrictions on the vice-speaker of the
Russian State Duma Sergei Neverov, the federal
minister for Crimean affairs Oleg Saveliev, as well
as the premier of the self-proclaimed Donetsk
republic Alexander Boroday, previously sued by
EU sanctions. In addition, US sanctions extended
to the Donetsk and Lugansk republics entirely and
to the Russian presidential aide Igor Schegolev.
The US authorities also imposed sanctions against
a number of Russian defense and raw materials
companies. The Almaz-Antey concern, the
Uralvagonzavod, the NPO Mashinostroeniya and
several Rostekh structures: the Kalashnikov
concern (formerly Izhmash), Sozvezdie,
Radioelectronic Technologies (KRET), Basalt and
Design Bureau of Instrument Engineering.
Under the sanctions were the largest Russian oil
company Rosneft and Russia's largest
independent producer of gas Novatek, the oil
terminal of Feodosia, as well as the Russian
development bank Vnesheconombank and one of
the country's largest commercial banks
Gazprombank. Sanctions against Russian banks
suggest not freezing assets, but a ban on
obtaining American loans for more than 90 days.
16th of July At their summit european leaders confined themselves to
2014 agreeing on expanding the criteria for sanctions and only by the
end of July on compiling a list of companies and individuals,
including Russian ones, that would fall under the EUs pinpoint
restrictive measures.
18th of July The European Investment Bank, stopped funding new projects in Russia on the recommendation of the European
2014 Council.
23of July 2014 European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has frozen decisions on new projects in Russia.
24th of July Canada followed the US and included in its list of sanctions a number of Russian defense and raw materials
2014 companies and banks. In particular, Gazprombank, Vnesheconombank and Novatek, the second largest gas
producer in Russia, were influenced by sanctions. The Canadian prime minister explained that the sanctions imply the
termination of lending to energy companies and financial institutions that are blacklisted.
26th of July 15 names and 18 legal entities were added to the EU sanctions
2014 list. Among them are Federal Security Service Director
Alexander Bortnikov, Director of the Russian Foreign
Intelligence Service Mikhail Fradkov, Security Council Secretary
Nikolai Patrushev, Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, Deputy
Secretary of the Russian Security Council Rashid Nurgaliyev,
Security Council member Boris Gryzlov, Federal Security
Service operative Sergei Beseda and State Duma deputy Mihail
Dehtyaryov. Among the companies are Kerch Ferry Terminal,
Sevastopol Sea Commercial Port, Kerch Commercial Sea Port,
Universal-Avia State Enterprise, Nizhnya Oreanda Sanatorium,
Azov Distillery, National Production Agricultural Association
Massandra, Agricultural company Magarach and the
champagne wines plant New World.
29th of July The US Finance Ministry announced the imposition of sanctions against the Bank of Moscow, VTB and
2014 Rosselkhozbank, as well as the United Shipbuilding Corporation of Russia.
30th of July The EU imposed sanctions against 8 people, as well as against
2014 the Russian National Commercial Bank, the Almaz-Antei Air
Defense Concern and Dobrolyt Airline. Sanctions on the spheres
of trade and investment against the Crimea and Sevastopol also
were imposed:
A ban on investment in infrastructure, transport,
telecommunications and energy sectors, as well as oil, gas and
minerals extraction has been established. It is forbidden to
supply equipment for these sectors, as well as provide financial
and insurance services for them.
A ban on the purchase of more than 250 items of goods, among
which are minerals and hydrocarbons, has been established.
European financial institutions are prohibited from lending or
acquiring shares in projects that are affected by sectoral
sanctions.

31st of July The EU imposed sanctions against Sberbank of Russia, VTB Bank, Gazprombank, Vnesheconombank, and
2014 Rosselkhozbank. Also an embargo on the import and export of weapons and similar material to Russia was emposed;
The ban on the export of dual-use items and technologies for military use in Russia or Russian final military users.
Exporters became obliged to obtain prior permission from the competent authorities of the Member States for the
export of certain types of power equipment and technology to Russia, and also banned the supply of high-tech
equipment for the extraction of oil in the Arctic, deep-water shelf and shale oil to Russia.
1st of August The EU introduced the next economic sanctions against Russia, which will be applied during the year. The EU has
2014 restricted access to EU capital markets for Russian state-owned banks. These are five largest credit institutions in
Russia - Sberbank, VTB, Gazprombank, Rosselkhozbank, as well as state corporation Vnesheconombank. The
European Union published a list of goods that cannot be exported for a number of projects in the oil industry of the
Russian Federation. It consists of 30 positions, including some types of pipes and drilling tools. New contracts for the
import and export of Russian arms and for the sale of dual-use goods for the defense sector for Russia fell under the
restrictions.
5th of August The Japanese government approved additional sanctions against 40 individuals and Crimean companies
2014 Chernomorneftegaz and Feodosia. The sanctions include freezing the assets of former Ukrainian President Viktor
Yanukovych, acting head of the Republic of Crimea Sergei Aksyonov, State Council Chairman Vladimir Konstantinov,
former deputy chairman of the Crimean Council Rustam Temirgaliyev, deputy commander of the Black Sea Fleet
Denis Berezovsky, ex-governor of Sevastopol Alexei Chaly, ex-chief security service of Sevastopol Peter Zima,
adviser to the Speaker of the State Council of the Republic of Crimea Yuri Zherebtsov, senators from the Republic of
Crimea Sergey Tsekov and Olga Kovitidi, the head of the republican Central Election Commission Mikhail Malyshev,
head of the election commission Valery Medvedev, Sevastopol Governor Sergei Menyailo.
The head of the Federal Migration Service of Russia for the Republic of Crimea Petr Yarosh, the head of the
Sevastopol Office of the Federal Migration Service Oleg Kozhura, the Crimean Public Prosecutor Natalya
Poklonskaya, the prosecutor of Sevastopol Igor Shevchenko were also put under the sanctions.

6th of August Canada expanded the sanctions list against Russia, including 19 The Swiss government expanded the sanctions list
2014 citizens of Russia and Ukraine, as well as five Russian banks. in connection with Russia's position in Ukraine and
Among the Russian banks included in the list are the Bank of added 26 citizens of Russia and Ukraine as well as
Moscow, Rosselkhozbank, Russian National Commercial Bank 18 companies. The list includes, in particular: the
and VTB Bank. A number of Russian law enforcers, in particular Prime Minister of the self-proclaimed Donetsk
Federal Security Service (FSB) Director Alexander Bortnikov, People's Republic (DNR) Alexander Boroday, the
Director of the Federal Security Service Mikhail Fradkov, director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence
Security Council Member of the Russian Federation Boris Service Mikhail Fradkov, the Security Council
Gryzlov, Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, Head of Secretary Nikolai Patrushev and the head of the
the 5th FSB Directorate Sergei Beseda, Head of the FSB Border Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov.
Service Vladimir Kulishov, Secretary of the Russian Security
Council Rashid Nurgaliyev, and State Duma deputy Mikhail Canada imposed sanctions against one of the
Degtyarev. In addition, the list included Governor of Krasnodar leaders of the self-proclaimed DNR, Pavel
Territory Alexander Tkachev, Chechnya's leader Ramzan Gubarev, his wife, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
Kadyrov, presidential aide and ex-head of the Ministry of the DNR Yekaterina Gubareva, the Speaker of the
Communications Igor Shchegolev, Russian businessman Supreme Council of the DNR Boris Litvinov and
Konstantin Malofeev, shareholder of Rossiya bank Nikolai the press officer of the DNR Oksana Chigrina.
Shamalov and former Minister of Internal Affairs in Crimea
Sergei Abisov.
6th of August Several Crimean companies got to the Canadian list: the Kerch Igor Strelkov (Girkin), commander of the self-
2014 trade port and the Kerch ferry crossing, as well as the winery defense forces of the Donetsk Peoples Republic,
Massandra, the wine factory Novy Svet, the commercial port of and Nikolai Kozitsyn, ataman of the Don Cossacks
Sevastopol, the National Institute of grapes and wine Magarach, army, also appear in the sanctions list of Japan.
the airline Universal-Avia. The list also includes the Russian
airline Dobrolet and United Shipbuilding Corporation.
7th of August NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said during his visit to Kiev that the organization is stopping
2014 cooperation with the Russian Federation.
14th of August The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the law On
2014 Sanctions, which provides for the possibility of introducing more
than 20 types of sanctions against Russia, including the
cessation of transit of energy resources. On September 10, the
law was signed by the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko,
on September 12 the law came into force.
1st of Australia imposed a ban on Russia's supply of arms and
September equipment for the oil and gas sector, access of Russian state-
2014 owned banks to the Australian capital market, investment in the
Crimea or trade with it. The sanctions list was extended to 63
individuals and 21 companies and organizations.
In addition, Australia suspended the supply of uranium to
Russia.
12th of The European Union has published a new sanctions list. Rosneft, Transneft, and Gazprom Neft fell under the EU
September sanctions. The EU banned the supply of dual-use goods to nine Russian defense companies, including Oboronprom,
2014 United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), Uralvagonzavod, and Kalashnikov Concern.
The EU banned European companies from providing Russian partners with services for the exploration and
production of deep-sea and Arctic oil, as well as for shale oil projects.
The EU tightened access to loans from a number of state banks of the Russian Federation and reduced the term of
loans.
The new sanctions list included Duma deputies Svetlana Zhurova, Nikolai Levichev, Igor Lebedev, Ivan Melnikov,
Alexander Babakov.

12th of The EU introduced a list of sanctions:


September Banned the organization of debt financing of three fuel and energy companies in Russia: Rosneft, Transneft,
2014 Gazprom Neft. It is prohibited to trade bonds of these companies with a maturity of more than 30 days and participate
in the organization of issues of such securities.
Toughened restrictions on the provision of loans and investment services for five Russian banks: Sberbank of Russia,
VTB, Gazprombank, Vnesheconombank, and Rosselkhozbank. It is prohibited to issue loans for more than 30 days,
purchase and trade in their new bonds, shares and similar financial instruments with a circulation term of more than
30 days.
Banned the organization of debt financing for the three largest defense concerns in Russia: Uralvagonzavod,
Oboronprom, United Aircraft Corporation.
Nine Russian defense concerns were included to the sanctions list: the Sirius Concern, Stankoinstrument,
Khimkompozit, the Kalashnikov concern, the Tula Arms Factory, the Machinery Engineering Technologies, the High
Precision Complexes, the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern and the oil-refining association Basalt.
24 people were included to the sanctions list.
12th of The command of the aerospace defense of North America abolished the joint military exercises with Russia Vigilant
September Eagle, which were to take place near the coast of Alaska.
2014
16th of Canada announced the expansion of the list of sanctions against Russia. Sberbank and five defense enterprises of
September the Russian Federation were included in the new sanctions list: Research and Production Center in Dolgoprudniy,
2014 JSC Mashinostroitelny Zavod im. Kalinin (MZiK), JSC Mytishchi Machine Building Plant, JSC Tikhomirov Scientific
Research Institute of Instrument Making (NIIP) and JSC Marine Scientific Research Institute of Radioelectronics Altair
(JSC MNIIRE Altair). Deputy Minister of Defense Yury Sadovenko, Deputy Defense Minister Dmitry Bulgakov, First
Deputy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Nikolai Bogdanovsky and Commander of
the Ground Forces of the Russian Federation Oleg Salyukov were included in the list of persons who were prohibited
from entering Canada and whose possible assets were frozen.
15th of Accession countries Montenegro, Iceland and Albania, as well as Liechtenstein, Norway, members of the European
October 2014 Economic Area and Ukraine, joined the EUs package of sanctions against Russia on September 12.
29th of The EU has enrolled 13 people in the sanctions list and the organizations Donetsk republic, Peace to Lugansk
November region, Free Donbass, Peoples Union and Lugansk Economic Union.
2014
4th of The EU clarified the formulations of sanctions on oil production, introduced against Russia. According to the
December amendments, the restrictions concern equipment not only for Russian territory, but also for its exclusive economic
2014 zone and the sea shelf. At the same time, it was clarified that only equipment and equipment "for oil exploration and
production at a depth of more than 150 m on the sea shelf beyond the Arctic Circle" and for "projects that could
potentially be used for the exploration and production of shale oil by hydraulic fracturing ", and also that this restriction
does not apply to oil exploration and production projects" located in conventional reservoirs through the shale layer. "
In addition, the amendments permitted the supply of equipment to Russia for oil production, which appeared under a
sanctions ban, in case of need to eliminate anthropogenic catastrophe "which may present a serious or significant
danger to the environment and human health" (in this case, if the European supplier notifies the supervisory
authorities about them within five working days).
19th of US President Barack Obama announced that he signed a
December decree on new sanctions against Russia and the Crimea that
2014 joined it. The decree prohibits new investments of US residents
in the economy of the Crimea, the import of goods, services,
technologies in the US from the Crimea, as well as the export,
re-export, sale and supply of goods, services and technologies
from the United States or persons living in the United States to
the Crimean region.
The decree applies to banks operating in the Crimea, as well as
to financial institutions that directly or indirectly carry out
operations with the Crimea.
From the same day, the US imposed sanctions against 24
citizens of Russia and Ukraine, as well as a number of
companies. Among those caught under sanctions - the fund
Marshall Capital Partners of Konstantin Malofeev. Also, a
number of leaders of the Crimea and the Donbass, as well as
the biker organization Night Wolves got to the list of sanctions.

19th of Canada supplemented the sanctions list with 11 more citizens of


December the Russian Federation. It included 10 parliamentarians, among
2014 them were Vladimir Vasiliev, deputy speaker of the State Duma
and head of the United Russia faction, Leonid Kalashnikov
(Communist Party of the Russian Federation), Igor Lebedev
(LDPR), Oleg Lebedev (LDPR), deputy chairman of the State
Duma Nikolai Levichev (United Russia party), First Deputy
Chairman of the State Duma Ivan Melnikov (CPRF), deputies
Viktor Vodolatsky (United Russia), Svetlana Zhurova (United
Russia) and Vladimir Nikitin (CPRF). In addition, Deputy
Chairman of the Federation Council Yury Vorobyev was
included in the list. Thus, the number of individuals who fell
under Canadian sanctions reached 77 people. The new package
of sanctions also provides for restrictions on the export of
technologies that are used in the oil and gas industries.
20th of The EU sanctions against the economy and tourism of the
December Crimea came into effect. In particular, vessels providing cruise
2014 services are prohibited from entering the ports of Sevastopol,
Kerch, Yalta, Feodosia, Evpatoria, Chernomorsk and Kamysh-
Burun port. In addition, the European Union has expanded more
than six times the list of goods and technologies banned for
supplies to the Crimea and for use in the Crimea in the areas of
transport, telecommunications, energy and exploration,
production and production of oil, gas and minerals. More than
160 entries were added to the list. The EU banned investments
in the Crimea and Sevastopol:
for European companies and companies based in the European
Union, a ban on the purchase of real estate and enterprises in
the Crimea, the financing of Crimean companies and provision
of related services, the provision of tourist services in the Crimea
(except for the entry of tourist liners are only emergency
situations).
The EU banned the provision of technical assistance and the
provision of construction and engineering services related to the
infrastructure of the peninsula.

26th of Because of US sanctions, the two international payment


December systems - Visa and MasterCard - have decided to suspend the
2014 maintenance of Russian banks operating in the territory of
Crimea.
28th of The Council of Europe extended the restrictions for the Russian
January 2015 delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of
Europe until April 2015.
16th of The European Union has issued a new list of individual The EU imposed sanctions against 19 people and
February 2015 sanctions against persons whom the EU considers responsible 9 organizations, including the Cossack National
for destabilizing the situation in Ukraine. Guard, the Sparta battalions, the Somali, Zarya,
Oplot, Kalmius, Death, the Ghost brigade and the
Novorossia movement.
18th of The head of EU diplomacy, Federica Mogherini,
February 2015 confirmed the extension of individual sanctions
against Russia and the Donbas militia until
September 2015.
4th of March It has transpired that by decree No. 13660 of March 6, 2014, US President Barack Obama extended sanctions
2015 against Russia for a year.
18th of Canada announced the imposition of new sanctions against 37 individuals and 17 organizations from the Russian
February 2015 Federation and Ukraine. Canada's black list from the Russian side included Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly
Antonov and Rostekh corporation CEO Sergei Chemezov, Russian biker Alexander Zaldostanov, deputy Valery
Rashkin, singer and deputy Iosif Kobzon and journalist Dmitry Kiselev.
13th of March The EU extended sanctions against 151 people and 37 legal entities until September 15, 2015.
2015
20th of April The Council of Europe extended the restrictions for the Russian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the
2015 Council of Europe until June 2015.
2d of June The EU restricted free access for the Russian ambassador and another Russian diplomat to the European
2015 Parliament, suspended the assessment of the requests of members of the State Duma and the Federation Council on
an individual basis and suspended parliamentary cooperation within the framework of the Russia-EU Committee.
22th of June The EU extended sanctions against Russia until January 31, 2016.
2015
24th of June The Council of Europe extended the restrictions for the Russian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the
2015 Council of Europe until January 2016.