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AP Statistics Name____________________________________

LT1.1, 1.2 Assessment A Period_____Date __________________________

Show all your work. Indicate clearly the methods you use, because you will be graded on the correctness of your
methods as well as on the accuracy and completeness of your results and explanations.

LT1.1
A cookie manufacturer is trying to determine how long cookies stay fresh on store shelves, and the extent to which
the type of packaging and the stores temperature influences how long the cookies stay fresh. He designs a
completely randomized experiment involving low (64 F) and high (75 F) temperatures and two types of
packagingplastic and waxed cardboard. List the

1. explanatory variables (factors) and their levels (if any)

temperature (2 levels 64o and 75o)


type of packaging (2 levels plastic and waxed cardboard)
2. the response variable

length of time cookies stay fresh


3. the experimental units

cookies
4. the treatments

64o and plastic


75 o and plastic
64 o and waxed cardboard
75 o and waxed cardboard
LT1.1: 4 parts E, P, I

a. All factors and levels correct = E


Missing levels, but factors identified = P
Only one factor and its levels identified correctly = P
No factor or level correct = I

b. Correct = E
Cookie freshness instead of time staying fresh = P
Incorrect = I

c. Correct = E
Incorrect = I

d. All treatments correct = E


2 or 3 treatments correct = P
Less than 2 treatments correct = I

4 = EEEE = Complete response


3.5 = EEEP = Holistic Is the entire response Complete or Substantial?
3 = EEEI or EEPP = Substantial response
2.5 = EPPP = Holistic Is the entire response Substantial or Developing?
2 = EEII = Developing response.
1.5 = PPPI = Holistic Is the entire response Developing or Minimal?
1 = EIII, EPII, PPII = Minimal response.
0.5 = PIII = Holistic Is the entire response Minimal or not?
0 = IIII = No credit
LT1.2

5. Agricultural scientists for a chemical company want to determine if a newly developed fertilizer produces
heavier tomatoes than the fertilizer they currently manufacture. For their study, they have 24 healthy young
tomato plants growing in individual pots.
a. Describe the design of a completely randomized, comparative experiment to test the whether the new fertilizer
produces heavier tomatoes. Make sure you explain a procedure for how you will select the tomatoes to receive
treatments.
HAT
Label the tomato plants with a unique number from 1 to 24 and write each
number on a slip of paper. Place the 24 papers in a hat and mix well. Draw 12
numbers (plants) from the hat without replacement and assign these 12 to
treatment with the new fertilizer. The remaining 12 numbers (plants) will be
assigned to the current fertilizer. After a reasonable period of time, harvest the
tomatoes, measure the tomato growth in the two fertilizer groups, and compare.
RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR
Label the tomato plants with a unique number from 1 to 24. Using a random
number generator, assign the first 12 numbers (plants) generated to treatment
with the new fertilizer. Ignore repeated numbers that are generated. The
remaining 12 numbers will be assigned to the current fertilizer. After a
reasonable period of time, harvest the tomatoes, measure the tomato growth in
the two fertilizer groups, and compare.
RANDOM DIGIT TABLE
Label the tomato plants with a unique number from 01 to 24 (or any sequence of
24 two-digit numbers). Using a random digit table, starting at any row, read 2
digits at a time. Ignore the two digits of 00, 25 to 99, and any repeats. The first 12
two-digit numbers within the range of 01 to 24 are selected for treatment with the
new fertilizer. The remaining 12 tomato plants are assigned the current fertilizer.
After a reasonable period of time, harvest the tomatoes, measure the tomato
growth in the two fertilizer groups, and compare.
b. Briefly explain how the 3 principles of experimental design are met in your design.
Randomization is met by randomly assigning tomatoes to treatments with a
procedure described above. Control (and comparison) is met by comparing the two
fertilizer groups. Replication is met by treating many units (12 tomato plants per
treatment).
LT1.2: 2 parts E, P, I

a. Four components:

1. Correct explanation of digit assignment and statement of random


digit table or random number generator on calculator or hat
mixed well.
2. Instructions included to ignore numbers outside the range (if
using table) and ignore repeats (no replacement if using hat).
3. Assigns the experimental units to named treatments (not a generic
treatment 1).
4. States a measurement and a comparison of the response variable
(in context).

All four correct = E


2 or 3 of the 4 components = P
less than 2 components = I

b. Three components correct = E


One or two components correct = P
No components correct = I

4 = EE = Complete Response
3 = EP = Substantial Response
2 = EI, PP = Developing Response
1 = PI = Minimal Response
0 = II = No Credit