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Adamson University

College of Engineering

Electronics Engineering Department

STATIC ROUTING

Abe, John Rick H.

201310412

ENGR. JOAN E. STA. ANA

instructor
I. INTRODUCTION

On the previous topographies, sending packets are only possible between an end device to its
router, and between two end devices sharing the same router. It was not possible to send packets over
WAN between two end devices. This can only be done with a configuration called routing, with two
techniques, namely, dynamic routing and static routing. In this case, static routing will be used.

Static Routing is a network routing technique where the network route is selected, configured
manually with preconfigured routes assigned on the routing table and it is managed by the network
administrator. This technique is applied in constant environments where the parameters are expected to
be constant as well.

This technique is non-flexible. Therefore, resulting to situations such as network degradation,


latency (delay), and congestion. That is why this techniques is only recommended to be used in a small
network, constant route networks, and when the route selections are limited such as having only a single
route.

II. TOPOLOGY
III. IP ADDRESS

Address block: 10.10.0.0/16


Network Broadcast
Host name # of Hosts 2n Usable IP Subnet Mask
Address Address
10.10.0.1-
LAN C 215 256 10.10.0.0 10.10.0.255 /24
10.10.0.254
10.10.1.1-
LAN B 200 256 10.10.1.0 10.10.1.255 /24
10.10.1.254
10.10.2.1-
LAN A 100 128 10.10.2.0 10.10.2.127 /25
10.10.2.126
10.10.2.129-
LAN D 90 128 10.10.2.128 10.10.2.255 /25
10.10.2.254
10.10.3.1-
WAN A 2 4 10.10.3.0 10.10.3.3 /30
10.10.3.2
10.10.3.5-
WAN B 2 4 10.10.3.4 10.10.3.7 /30
10.10.3.6
Table 1: IP Addressing

Conditions:

Configure the hostname of your router


All LAN interface will use the first useable IP.
All WAN interface connected to R2 will use the first useable IP.
Clock rate: 1000000
Enable password: cisco

Router Interface Port Useable IP Subnet Mask


WAN A Se0/0/0 10.10.3.2 255.255.255.252
RA LAN A Fa0/0 10.10.2.1 255.255.255.128
LAN B Fa0/1 10.10.1.1 255.255.255.0
WAN A Se0/0/1 10.10.3.1 255.255.255.252
RB WAN B Se0/0/0 10.10.3.5 255.255.255.252
LAN C Fa0/0 10.10.0.1 255.255.255.0
WAN B Se0/0/1 10.10.3.6 255.255.255.252
RC
LAN D Fa0/0 10.10.2.129 255.255.255.128
Table: Network IP Assignment
PC Default Gateway IP Address Subnet Mask
PC A 10.10.2.1 10.10.2.2 255.255.255.128
PC B 10.10.1.1 10.10.1.2 255.255.255.0
PC C 10.10.0.1 10.10.0.2 255.255.255.0
PC D 10.10.2.129 10.10.2.130 255.255.255.128
Table: End Device IP Assignment

Router Interface Network Address Exit Interface


LAN C 10.10.0.0 Se0/0/0
RA LAN D 10.10.2.128 Se0/0/0
WAN B 10.10.3.4 Se0/0/0
LAN A 10.10.2.0 Se0/0/1
RB LAN B 10.10.1.0 Se0/0/1
LAN D 10.10.2.128 Se0/0/0
LAN C 10.10.0.0 Se0/0/1
LAN B 10.10.1.0 Se0/0/1
RC
LAN A 10.10.2.0 Se0/0/1
WAN A 10.10.3.0 Se0/0/1
Table: Static Routing
IV. SYNTAX

RA: Router>enable
Router# conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#
Router(config)#int fa0/1
Router(config-if)#ip add 10.10.1.1 255.255.255.0
Router(config-if)#no shut

Router(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up

%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1,


changed state to up

Router(config-if)#exit

Router(config)#hostname RA
RA(config)#enable secret cisco
RA(config)#int fa0/0
RA(config-if)#ip add 10.10.2.1 255.255.255.128
RA(config-if)#no shut

RA(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up

%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0,


changed state to up

RA(config-if)#exit
RA(config)#int se0/0/0
RA(config-if)#ip add 10.10.3.2 255.255.255.252
RA(config-if)#clock rate 1000000
RA(config-if)#no shut

%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to down


RA(config-if)#
RA(config-if)#exit
RA(config)#ip route 10.10.0.0 255.255.255.0 se0/0/0
RA(config)#ip route 10.10.2.128 255.255.255.128 se0/0/0
RA(config)#ip route 10.10.3.4 255.255.255.252 se0/0/0
RA(config)#exit
RA#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
RA#exit
RB: Router>enable
Router#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#enable secret cisco
Router(config)#hostname RB
RB(config)#int se0/0/1
RB(config-if)#ip add 10.10.3.1 255.255.255.252
RB(config-if)#no shut

RB(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/1, changed state to up

RB(config-if)#exit
RB(config)#
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/1, changed
state to up

RB(config)#int se0/0/0
RB(config-if)#ip add 10.10.3.5 255.255.255.252
RB(config-if)#clock rate 1000000
RB(config-if)#no shut

%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to down


RB(config-if)#
RB(config-if)#exit
RB(config)#int fa0/0
RB(config-if)#ip add 10.10.0.1 255.255.255.0
RB(config-if)#no shut

RB(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up

%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0,


changed state to up

RB(config-if)#
RB(config-if)#exit
RB(config)#ip route 10.10.2.0 255.255.255.128 se0/0/1
RB(config)#ip route 10.10.1.0 255.255.255.0 se0/0/1
RB(config)#ip route 10.10.2.128 255.255.255.128 se0/0/0
RC: Router>
Router>enable
Router#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#enable secret cisco
Router(config)#hostname RC
RC(config)#int se0/0/1
RC(config-if)#ip add 10.10.3.6 255.255.255.252
RC(config-if)#no shut

RC(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/1, changed state to up

RC(config-if)#exit
RC(config)#
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/1, changed
state to up

RC(config)#int fa0/0
RC(config-if)#ip add 10.10.2.129 255.255.255.128
RC(config-if)#no shut

RC(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up

%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0,


changed state to up

RC(config-if)#exit
RC(config)#exit
RC(config)#ip route 10.10.0.0 255.255.255.0 se0/0/1
RC(config)#ip route 10.10.1.0 255.255.255.0 se0/0/1
RC(config)#ip route 10.10.2.0 255.255.255.128 se0/0/1
RC(config)#ip route 10.10.3.0 255.255.255.252 se0/0/1

V. CONCLUSION

Routing makes it possible for packets to be sent over distant networks as it ensures that the data
travels from network to network and while the integrity is maintained.

Static configuration is the simplest form of routing and it can be configured manually by
preconfiguring it through the routing table then applied by the network manager. This is done by manually
setting constant routes from the ports of the hosts.

Reference(s): https://www.techopedia.com/definition/26161/static-routing