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Dylan Tran

Lithosphere Hazard: Earthquake


Earthquake: Los Angeles, California

Caption:
Earthquakes occur when the two sides of a fault slip suddenly against each other.
According to magnitude estimates from U.S. Geological Survey, there are several big
earthquakes in California. The following cities are considered the biggest Earthquake in
California; Fort Tejon, January 9, 1857, often being compared to the devastating 1906 San
Francisco with magnitude of 7.9, Owens Valley (magnitude 7.4) March 26,1872, Imperial Valley
(magnitude 7.8) February 24, 1892. San Francisco, April 18, 1906, and more. These earthquakes
destroyed many lands and homes of citizens. The map above shows the mag levels of
earthquake occurred in 2004-2012. Most of the earthquakes magnitude range about 3-3.5, but
there are also some big ones around 4.5-5.8 near Bakersfield and near Mexicos border. The
cause of an earthquake is when two slides of faults slip suddenly against each other. It causes
stress, then creates waves of energy that travel through the area causing citizens to feel shaking
movements. There are no ways to prevent earthquakes from happening, however, citizens can
learn the basic and proper tips to act when there is an earth. For instance, before an
earthquake, it is always a good idea to have fire extinguishers and first aid kit at home to
prevent any fire or injure during the earthquake. Learn how to act during an earthquake, and
learn how to use first aid kit as well as fire extinguisher can prevent many disaster during an
earthquake.
Earthquake: California, United States

Caption:
The map above shows that majority of the big earthquakes occur in the Bay Area
(Northern California) and Further down SoCal (Southern California) near the border between
California and Mexico. In the Bay Area, almost the whole world knows about the devastating
earthquake in San Francisco 1906. It destroyed the citys water mains, building collapsed, wild-
spread fire, more than 3000 people were injured, and at least 250,000 of San Franciscos
residents were homeless after the incident. Despite the horrible experience, citizens quickly
recovered from the disaster and learn to improve the city. Architecture learned to create better
building so it wont fall easily during an earthquake. There are also others big earthquake in
Californias history such as Landers (06/28/1992) with a magnitude of 7.3, Kern County
(07/21,1952) mag. 7.3, West of Eureka, (01/31/1922) mag. 7.3, Imperial Valley (02/24/1892)
mag. 7.8, Owens Valley (03/26/1872) mag. 7.4, and Fort Tejon (01/09/1857) mag. 7.9 as
mentioned before, it is often being compared to San Franciscos disaster earthquake in 1906.
These earthquakes form a tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American
Plate. The longest fault in California is San Andreas Fault which run roughly 800 miles through
California. According to one recent study, if a 9.0 earthquake were to strike along California, it
will create a giant tsunami and wash away the coastal towns. The U.S. 101 would also be
destroyed and it would cause $70 billion in damage over the large swath of the Pacific coast.
Some scientists believe that this disaster will never ever happen while some scientists think that
it will happen. Since theres no way to prevent earthquake from happening, it is still best for
everyone to learn the basic safety tips to prepare ourselves from any disasters in the future.
Earthquake: United States, Global View

Caption:
There are hundreds of faults in California, and earthquakes happened every day. The
only reason why we dont feel as much movements is because the magnitude is not that high,
therefore, we do not feel shaking as much compared to the big ones. According to The National
Earthquake Information Center, it is common to have 12000-14000 earthquakes a year around
the world, or roughly 35 per day. Sometimes earthquakes with high level of magnitude can
generate tsunami, but this usually occurs if theres large earthquake. Tsunami is common for
margin of the Pacific Ocean, it can travel from one side of the Pacific to the other in a day.
Although Californias earthquakes seem like a topic where news often talked about, it is not a
state that has more earthquake. Alaska has more earthquake than California it is usually bigger
ones compared to California. Instead of finding ways to prevent earthquake from happening,
people can find ways to building better and safer building. Although other states do not have to
deal with earthquake as much as California and Alaska, disasters like hurricane, wind storm,
snow storm and many more can cause harm to citizens, too. Overall, one way to keep ourselves
safe from all these disasters is to learn how to learn the basic rules/tips from the department of
conservation. It is important to have a first-aid kit, can foods, water and other stuff stored at
home in case of an emergency. Depending on the situation, do some research ahead of time
such as what to do before, during, and after an earthquake.
Work Cited

7 Biggest Earthquakes in California History-Napa's Not Even Close. National


Geographic, National Geographic Society, 25 Aug. 2014,
news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140825-earthquake-california-biggest-
magnitude-history/.

Arcgis.com, www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?useExisting=1. Accessed 30


Sept. 2017.

Baker, Neal. Why Are There so Many Earthquakes in California? Causes, Records and
Predictions. The Sun, The Sun, 28 Dec. 2016, www.thesun.co.uk/news/2359770/why-are-
there-so-many-earthquakes-in-california-causes-records-and-predictions-heres-what-we-
know/.

California, State of. Earthquakes Department of Conservation -


Earthquakes. Department of Conservation, www.conservation.ca.gov/index/Earthquakes.

California, State of. Earthquakes What to Do in an Earthquake. Department of


Conservation, www.conservation.ca.gov/index/Earthquakes/Pages/qh_earthquakes_what.aspx.

History.com Staff. 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. History.com, A&E Television


Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/1906-san-francisco-earthquake.

Infoplease, Infoplease, www.infoplease.com/great-1906-san-francisco-earthquake.

Snyder, Michael. Michael Snyder. The Truth, 4 June 2016,


thetruthwins.com/archives/what-will-happen-when-the-big-one-hits-california.