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Identification guide

for butterflies
of West Java
- Families Papilionidae, Pieridae and Nymphalidae -
compiled by
Dr. Christian H. Schulze

________________________________________________________
Notes:
Only one sex figured when species without sexual dimorphism
Wing underside only figured when helpful for identification
Butterfly families
Papilionidae (swallowtails)
many but not all species with hindwing tails;
wings usually black with and prominently
marked with white or a bright colour; strong on
the wing; males of some species congregate
in large numbers at moist spots on the ground

Pieridae (whites and sulphurs)


mostly white, yellow or orange-yellow; in
many of the white species, the underside of
the hindwing brightly coloured;

Nymphalidae
four-footed butterflies because forlegs are
much reduced an cannot be used for walking

Lycaenidae
forelegs reduced compared to other legs, but
in females fore-tarsus five-segmented,
clawed and fully functional; in male fore-
tarsus normally reduced to single segment;
early stages often associated with ants

Hesperidae (skippers)
antennae generally curved or hooked
Papilionidae: Troides, Atrophaneura, Losaria, Pachliopta, Chilades

T. amphrysus amphrysus T. cuneifera cuneifera

T. helena helena
T. vandepolli vandepolli

A. nox nox A. sycorax pariwononis A. priapus priapus

(aenigma
W. Malaysia)

L. coon coon P. aristolochiae adamas Ch. paradoxa paradoxa


Papilionidae: Papilio, Meandrusa, Graphium

P. demolion demolion P. nephelus nephelus P. helenus enganius

P. paris gedeensis P. karna karna P. peranthus peranthus

P. memnon memnon
P. polytes javanus

P. lampsacus lampsacus M. payeni payeni


Papilionidae: Graphium, Lamproptera

(orthia
Sumatra, Borneo)
G. empedovana G. sarpedon G. doson evemonides
G. evemon evemon
empedovana sarpedon

V V
G. eurypylus G. arycles G. bathycles bathycles G. agamemnon
mecisteus arycles agamemnon

G. aristeus G. antiphates G. macareus macareus


hermocrates alcibiades

L. curius curius
G. delesserti delesserti L. curius curius L. meges meges
Pieridae: Coliadinae: Gandaca, Eurema, Catopsilia,
Hebomoia, Pareronia, Leptosia

G. harina harina E. brigitta drona E. hecabe sankapura


E. alitha

E. tilaha tilaha
E. blanda blanda E. sari sari

C. scylla scylla C. pyranthe pyranthe C. pomona

Pieridae: Pierinae: Hebomoia, Pareronia, Leptosia

L. nina chlorographa

P. valeria valeria
H. glaucippe javanensis
Pieridae: Pierinae: Delias, Prioneris

(ssp. huphinoides, SW Sumatra)

D. hyparete hyparete D. periboea periboea D. momea momea

(ssp. bromo)

(f. erubescens) (ssp. glauce, Sumatra)


D. belisama belisama D. crithoe crithoe

(ssp. triglites) (ssp. pasithoe)

D. pasithoe egialea D. dorylaea dorylaea

P. autothisbe autothisbe P. philonome philonome


Pieridae: Pierinae: Appias, Saletara

(ssp. enarete)

A. lyncida lyncida
A. albina albina

ssp. indra
ssp. indra

A. indra lucasi A. nero nero

ssp. galene ssp. galene

A. paulina S. liberia panda

ssp. aemilia

A. leptis leptis
A. pandione pandione
Pieridae: Pierinae: Cepora, Belenois, Ixias
(ssp. lenitas)

C. temena tamar C. iudith iudith

(ssp. nerissa) (ssp. nerissa) (ssp. nerissa)

C. nerissa corva

B. java java

I. venilia venilia
I. pyrene balice
Nymphalidae: Amathusiinae: Faunis, Amathusia, Taenaris,
Amathuxidia, Zeuxidia, Thaumantis, Discophora
ssp. arcesilas

F. canens canens Ta. horsfieldi horsfieldi Th. odana odana


(ssp. chersia)

As. phidippus phidippus As. taenia taenia

Ax. amythaon pylaon Z. dohrni dohrni


Z. luxeri luxeri

D. sondaica sondaica D. celinde celinde D. necho necho


Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Melanitis, Lethe
ssp.
ssp.? ssp.? tambra

Under-
side

M. leda simessa M. phedima phedima


f. decolorata ssp. gnophodes ssp. niladana ssp. niladana

ssp.?

M. zitenius ambasara L. europa europa


ssp. apara
ssp. yoga ssp. yoga

L. rohria anunda L. samio L. confusa godana


ssp. chandica
ssp. chandica

L. minerva minerva L. chandica marga

L. manthara L. darena darena


Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Neorina, Erites, Orsotriaena, Mycalesis
ssp. rotundata

E. medura medura E. argentina fruhstorferi R. makuta makuta


N. crishna crishna
ssp. medus
ssp. ?

O. medus cinerea M. oroatis oroatis


ssp. adustata

M. nala M. sudra sudra M. fuscum diniche


ssp. typhlus

M. moorei
M. perseus cepheus
ssp. hermana

M. horsfieldi horsfieldi M. janardana janardana


Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Ypthima, Elymnias
ssp.? ssp.?

Y. baldus horsfieldi Y. iarba eupheites


Y. philomela philomela

ssp. sertorius

Y. nigricans Y. pandocus pandocus

E. panthera dusara E. dara bengena


figured by Roepke ssp. fraterna ssp. tonkittiana
(Sri Lanka) (China)

E. hypermnestra hypermnestra E. nesaea nesaea


ssp. alumna

Most likely wing


pattern of female
differs significantly
from figured ssp.!

Elymnias casiphone casiphone Elymnias kamara kamara


Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Elymnias

E. ceryx ceryx E. kuenstleri gauroides

E. esaca maheswara
Nymphalidae: Danainae: Ideopsis, Idea, Danaus, Parantica

Ideopsis gaura gaura Ideopsis juventa juventa Ideopsis vulgaris


ssp.
hypermnestra ssp. leuconoe

Idea hypermnestra belia Idea stolli stolli Idea leuconoe javana


ssp. chrysippus ssp. sumatrana ssp. malayana

D. chrysippus bataviana D. melanippus melanippus D. genutia intense D. affinis artenice

ssp. leopardus ssp. microsticta

T. limniace conjucta T. septentrionis myrsilos P. aspasia aspasia


Nymphalidae: Danainae: Parantica, Euploea
ssp. agleoides

P. albata albata P. pseudomelaneus P. agleoides furius

ssp. modesta

E. modesta ssp.?
E. gamelia

ssp.
ssp. core
andamanensis

E. core haworthi E. midamus rafflesi E. algea wallengreni


alcathoe /
eyndhovii?
ssp. coreta ssp. harrissii

E. alcathoe
E. caramalzeman hypanis E. sylvester spp.?
Nymphalidae: Danainae: Euploea
ssp. rolanda ssp. eucalla

E. phaenarete pavettae E. eleusina eleusina E. leucostictos leucogonis


ssp. radamanthus
ssp. koxinga ssp. ledereri

E. radamanthus alcidice
E. tulliolus mazares
ssp. macleari ssp. palmedo

E. climena sepulchralis
E. mulciber basilissa

Nymphalidae: Libytheinae: Libythea


ssp. rama

L. myrrha myrrha L. narina narina L. geoffroyi geoffroyi


Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Symbrenthia, Vanessa, Kaniska, Junonia,
Yoma, Rhinopalpa, Doleschallia
ssp. violetta ssp. chersonesia ssp. chersonesia
ssp. violetta

S. anna spp.? S. hypatia ssp.?

S. hippoclus hippocla S. hypselis redosilla

V. dejeani dejeani V. cardui cardui K. canace javanica J. atlites atlites J. iphita horsfieldi

J. almana almana J. erigone erigone J. orithya minogara J. hedonia ida Y. sabina javanica
(=javana)
ssp. ceylonica
ssp. ? ssp. ?

R. polynice elpinice D. bisaltide bisaltide


Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Kallima, Hypolimnas, Amnosia, Stibochiona

K. paralecta paralecta H. anomala anomala H. misippus misippus

H. bolina bolina A. decora decora S. coresia coresia

Nymphalidae: Limenitinae: Pantoporia, Lasippa

ssp. hordonia ssp. doronia ssp. hordonia


ssp. ? ssp. ?

P. hordonia pardus L. heliodore roepkei

ssp. cambodja

L. tiga tiga L. monata monata


Nymphalidae: Limenitinae: Neptis, Phaedyma
ssp. cindia

?
N. ilira ria N. omeroda omeroda N. vikasi vikasi
ssp. varmona
ssp. miah ssp. miah ssp. miah

N. miah javanica N. hylas matula


ssp. leuconata ssp. leuconata ssp. adipala
ssp. nesia ssp. nesia

N. duryodana dike N. clinia phrasylas N. nata nandina


ssp. cresina ssp. clinioides

N. leucoporus aletophone N. nisaea nisaea N. clinioides luca


ssp. magadha
ssp. ?

N. magadha pasiphae Neptis anjana zena P. columella bataviana


Nymphalidae: Limenitinae: Athyma, Moduza, Lebadea, Parthenos,
Ariadne, Laringa, Chersonesia
ssp. pravara

At. pravara esra At. perius perinus At. asura latecincta


ssp. matanga ssp. lada
ssp. clerica ssp. lada

At. larymna larymna At. abiasa abiasa At. selenophora jadava


ssp. procris

At. nefte nefte M. procris neutra L. martha alankara P. sylvia sylvicola

Ar. ariadne ariadne Ar. specularia specularia Ar. isaeus lysias

L. horsfieldi horsfieldi
C. rahria rahria C. peraka
Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Cyrestis, Dichorragia, Lexias, Tanaecia,
Euthalia
ssp. themire
ssp. ?

C. nivea nivea C. lutea lutea


C. themire horsfieldi D. nesimachus mannus
ssp. merguia
ssp. ? ssp. ? ssp. helicophila ssp. ?

Lexias dirtea spp.? T. pelea ssp.?


figured by Roepke ssp. superba (Sumatra) figured by Roepke

T. palguna palguna T. godartii javana T. trigerta trigerta


ssp. ambalika

T. japis japis
E. monina salia

E. agnis agnis
E. mahadeva mahadeva
Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Euthalia, Dophla, Bassarona
ssp. bunaya

E. adonia adonia E. anosia yenadora


ssp. malaccana
ssp. mariae ssp. mariae ssp. malaccana

E. malaccana dharma
E. whiteheadi culminicola

ssp. vasanta

E. aconthea aconthea E. alpheda alpheda

ssp. evelina ssp. goodrichi

D. evelina sikandi B. dunya mahara B. teuta eion


Nymphalidae: Apaturinae: Rohana, Helcyra, Eulaceura, Herona,
Hestina, Euripus

f. nilka

R. nakula nakula

ssp. camiba
ssp. sumatrana

R. parisatis javana Herona sumatrana pringondani

ssp. kumana

Eulaceura osteria osteria Hestina mimetica mimetica Helcyra hemina masinia

Euripus nyctelius javanus


Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraea, Cethosia
ssp. picta

A. issoria vestoides
C. biblis javana
ssp. batuensis ssp. methypsea

C. hypsea munjava C. penthesilea penthesilea

Nymphalidae: Argynninae: Terinos, Vindula, Cupha, Cirrochroa,


Vagrans, Phalantha, Algia, Argynnis ssp. chersonesia ssp. erotella
ssp. terpander

T. terpander piepersi T. clarissa clarissa V. erota gedeana V. dejone javana


ssp. emalea
ssp. mithila

C. erymantis synnara C. emalea bajadeta C. tyche rotundata C. clagia clagia


different ssp.
ssp. ?
ssp. ?

P. phalantha P. alcippe drepana V. egista macromalayana Ar. hyperbius javanica Al. fasciata bibilis
Nymphalidae: Charaxinae: Prothoe, Polyura, Charaxes
ssp. plautus
ssp. tisamenus

Prothoe franck franck Polyura schreiber schreiber Polyura dehaani dehaani


ssp. moori ssp. moori
ssp. athamas

Polyura moori javana


Polyura athamas attalus Polyura hebe fallax
ssp. nicholiii
ssp. ? ssp. ?

Polyura delphis cygnus


Ch. durnfordi staudingeri

ssp. hierax

Ch. harmodius harmodius Ch. bernardus baya