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Stem cell

research and
therapy
Kandalynn Naidl 2017
Definition of Stem Cell *Stem cells can be rejected by the patient's body*

There are three main types of stem cells, embryonic stem cells
(cells from human embryo 3-5 days old), adult stem cells, and
induced pluripotent cells. Induced pluripotent cells are adult cells
reprogrammed to have pluripotent abilities.

Embryonic cells are the


cells all scientists want to
experiment with due to
their pluripotent abilities.
Embryonic cells have the
ability to become and give
rise to different types of
cells.
History of stem cell research
Stem cell research started approximately 50 years ago, in

1978, when stem cells were first found in human umbilical

cord blood, by Dr. James Till and Ernest McCulloch.

The first stem cell therapy practiced successfully was the

first bone marrow transplant in 1968.

In 1981, the first in vitro stem cell line was made from mice

In 1988, stem cell lines were created from a hamster

In 1995, embryonic cells were derived from a primate

In 1997 stem cell research lead scientists to clone a lamb

and discover cancer stem cells.


Stem cell therapy
There are many different
types of stem cell therapy, but
the most used therapy is bone
marrow transplantation,
peripheral blood cells (the
same blood-forming cells
found in bone marrow are
also found in blood), and
umbilical cord blood stem
cells.
Specialized cells, such as blood and muscle cells, cannot divide and replicate themselves when damaged. Stem

cell research is amazing due to its ability to regenerate and repair damaged tissues, and become specialized

cells.
Ethics of stem cell therapy
Many people argue about what is morally
and ethically accepted when it comes to
working with human embryos. Although
these embryos are dead, the question of
human dignity, and respect/status is very
controversial. Many religions dont
approve of stem cell therapy because
god made us for a reason, and it's god's
work.

Ask yourself: Aborted fetuses and unwanted cord blood


are perfect specimens due to their
Is the life of millions of people sustainability, and the abundance of stem
worth the manipulation, testing, cells inside of them.
and death of a few embryos?
Benefits to stem cell therapy
Stem cells could provide
an extension of life to
many people with
cancers and diseases. By
studying stem cells and
the human genome, we
can cure diseases, and
create medicines that are
for a specific individual.
In about five years, scientists will be able to grow ears for soldiers hurt in
battle, and children with face abnormalities. Scientists are working on
graphing entire kidneys from stem cells. Stem cells that fit your individual
unique set of DNA collected from your human genome.
Works Cited:
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Cirm_2.0. "Disease Programs." California's Stem Cell Agency. N.p., 29 Nov. 2016. Web. 06 Mar.
2017.
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Lo, Bernard, and Lindsay Parham. "Ethical Issues in Stem Cell Research." Endocrine Reviews.
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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2726839/

"Eurostemcell." Eurostemcell. N.p., 22 Nov. 2016. Web. 06 Mar. 2017.


http://www.eurostemcell.org/types-stem-cells-and-their-uses

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2017.
http://www.explorestemcells.co.uk/historystemcellresearch.html

Solomon, Susan. "The promise of research with stem cells." Susan Solomon: The promise of
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https://www.ted.com/talks/susan_solomon_the_promise_of_research_with_stem_cells

Cirm_2.0. "Stem Cell Key Terms." California's Stem Cell Agency. N.p., 26 Feb. 2016. Web. 06
Mar. 2017.
https://www.cirm.ca.gov/patients/stem-cell-key-terms
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http://www.nationalstemcellfoundation.org/stem-cell-research-facts/

"Stem-cell therapy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Feb. 2017. Web. 06 Mar. 2017.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stem-cell_therapy

"Stem cell timeline: The history of a medical sensation." New Scientist. N.p., 30 Jan. 2014. Web.
06 Mar. 2017.
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24970-stem-cell-timeline-the-history-of-a-medic
al-sensation/

"Stem cells: What they are and what they do." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 23 Mar. 2013. Web. 06 Mar.
2017.
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art-20048117

"The definition of stem cell therapy." Stem Cell Assays RSS. N.p., 13 Feb. 2012. Web. 06 Mar.
2017.
http://stemcellassays.com/2012/02/definition-stem-cell-therapy/

"The Stem Cell Debate: Is it Over?" The Stem Cell Debate: Is it Over? N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2017.
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/stemcells/scissues/

Macrae, Fiona. "Scientists who have grown a human EAR on the back of a rat say they will be able to use them in humans in five years." Daily
Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 24 Jan. 2016. Web. 09 Mar. 2017.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3414756/Scientists-grown-human-EAR-rat-say-able-use-humans-five-years.html