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University of San Carlos

BAYOGO, JUNCEL G. Department of Civil Engineering Rodolfo A. Chua, Jr., MEng


MSCE-STRE1 MCE 612 - Dynamics of Structures Lecturer, USC

Date of Submission: December 17, 2016


Reference: Dynamics of Structures by R.W. Clough and J. Penzien, 2nd Ed.

PROBLEM 1.2
Assume that the mass and stiffness of the structure of the figure below are as follows:

kip s 2 kip
m 2 k 40
in in

in
If the system is set into free vibration with the initial conditions y0 0.7 in and v0 5.6 ,
s
determine the displacement and velocity at t1 1.0 s , for the given conditions in (a) and (b).

Given the equation,



k

m

We have,
1
= 4.472
s
University of San Carlos
BAYOGO, JUNCEL G. Department of Civil Engineering Rodolfo A. Chua, Jr., MEng
MSCE-STRE1 MCE 612 - Dynamics of Structures Lecturer, USC

(a) c 0 (undamped system)

0, D

The displacement y as a function of time t is given by the solution, yt ,

v0 + y0
y(t)= e t
sin D t + y0 cos D t
D

Hence, the displacement at t=1 becomes,

v0 + y0
y1 e t1 sin D t1 + y0 cos D t1
D

y1 = 1.383 in

The velocity v as a function of time t is given by,

2
t v0 + (( )) + D 2 y0
v(t)= e
v cos D t sin D t
0 D

Hence, the velocity at t=1 becomes,

2
v +
0
(
( )
) + D 2 y0
v1 e t1 v cos D t1 sin D t1
0
D

in
v1 = 1.708
s

(All computations are done using PTC MathCAD Prime 3.1)


University of San Carlos
BAYOGO, JUNCEL G. Department of Civil Engineering Rodolfo A. Chua, Jr., MEng
MSCE-STRE1 MCE 612 - Dynamics of Structures Lecturer, USC

s
(b) c 2.8 kip
in

c 1
= 0.157 , D
1 2 = 4.417
2m s

The displacement y as a function of time t is given by the solution, yt ,

v0 + y0
y(t)= e t
sin D t + y0 cos D t
D

Hence, the displacement at t=1 becomes,

v0 + y0
y1 e t1 sin D t1 + y0 cos D t1
D

y1 = 0.756 in

The velocity v as a function of time t is given by,

v0 + y0
v(t)= e t v0 cos D t sin D t

1 2

Hence, the velocity at t=1 becomes,

v0 + y0
v1 e t1 v0 cos D t1 sin D t1

1 2

in
v1 = 1.118
s

(All computations are done using PTC MathCAD Prime 3.1)