Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17
2
2
2

2

3 Pontoon hatch cover Folding hatch cover Side rolling hatch cover Piggy back hatch cover
3 Pontoon hatch cover Folding hatch cover Side rolling hatch cover Piggy back hatch cover

3

3 Pontoon hatch cover Folding hatch cover Side rolling hatch cover Piggy back hatch cover Single

Pontoon hatch cover Folding hatch cover Side rolling hatch cover Piggy back hatch cover Single flap hatch cover Single pull (MacGregor) ….

4

5 6
5 6
5 6
5 6
5
6
7 8
7
7
7 8
7 8

8

9 10
9 10
9 10
9
10
11 12
11 12
11 12
11 12
11
12
13 14
13 14
13 14
13
14
15 The hatchways are classified according to their position as defined in Section 1, H.6.7.
15 The hatchways are classified according to their position as defined in Section 1, H.6.7.

15

15 The hatchways are classified according to their position as defined in Section 1, H.6.7. For

The hatchways are classified according to their position as defined in Section 1, H.6.7.

For the arrangement of hatches, doors and ventilators the following areas are defined (Section 1, H.6.7 ):

Position 1

on exposed freeboard decks, on raised quarter decks,

on exposed superstructure decks within the forward quarter of Lc.

Position 2

on exposed superstructure decks aft of the forward quarter of Lc.

16

Hatchways are to have coamings, the minimum height of which above the deck is to

Hatchways are to have coamings, the minimum height of which above the deck is to be as follows:

In position 1: 600 mm. In position 2: 450 mm.

A deviation from the requirements may only be granted for hatchways on exposed decks which are closed by weather tight, self tightening steel covers.

The respective exemption, in accordance with LLC 66 Regulation 16(1), has to be applied for in advance from the competent flag state authority.

17

for in advance from the competent flag state authority. 17 Coamings are not required for hatchways

Coamings are not required for hatchways below the freeboard deck or within weathertight closed superstructures unless they are required for strength purposes.

For hatchways according to requirement above, wooden gratings instead of hatch covers may be used; hatch covers may also be dispensed with completely.

Where within hatch casings no hatch covers are arranged at the deck level, covers and their supports below are to be strengthened corresponding to the greater load. unsolved definition

18

Structural assessment of hatch covers and hatch coamings is to be carried out according to

Structural assessment of hatch covers and hatch coamings is to be carried out according to the design loads:

Load case A design load for weather deck Load case B load due to cargo which is intended to be carried on hatch covers. Load case C containers are stowed on hatch cover Load case D hatch covers for hold spaces intended to be filled with liquids Load case E addition load due to additional permissible stress. Load case F Tween deck hatch covers

19 The vertical design load pH for weather deck hatch covers is to be taken
19
The vertical design load pH for weather deck hatch covers is to be taken
from Table below unless higher design loads are requested by the owner.
20
The design load for hatch covers of decks the height of which above baseline is

The design load for hatch covers of decks the height of which above baseline is z > zfb + 2.hN may be reduced, if the Administration concerned agrees and if it is verified that the load capacity of the hatch cover corresponds at least to that of the deck beside.

cover corresponds at least to that of the deck beside . 21 The vertical design load
21 The vertical design load pH shall in no case be less than the deck
21
The vertical design load pH shall in no case be
less than the deck design load according to
Section 4, B.1. Instead of the deck height z
the height of hatch cover plating above
baseline is then to be inserted.
22
The horizontal design load pA for the outer edge girders of weather deck hatch covers

The horizontal design load pA for the outer edge girders of weather deck hatch covers and of hatch coamings is to be determined analogously as for superstructure walls in the respective position.

For bulk carriers according to Section 23 the horizontal load shall not be less than:

to Section 23 the horizontal load shall not be less than: 23 Where cargo is intended

23

Section 23 the horizontal load shall not be less than: 23 Where cargo is intended to

Where cargo is intended to be carried on hatch covers of decks in pos. 1 and 2 hatch covers are to be designed for the loads as given in Section 4, C.1.

If cargo with low stowage height is carried on weather deck hatch covers Section 4, B.13 is to be observed.

24

Where containers are stowed on hatch covers of hatch in pos. 1 and 2 the

Where containers are stowed on hatch covers of hatch in pos. 1 and 2 the following loads due to the ship's rolling motion are to be considered.

due to the ship's rolling motion are to be considered. 25 The load cases B and
due to the ship's rolling motion are to be considered. 25 The load cases B and
25
25
to the ship's rolling motion are to be considered. 25 The load cases B and C

The load cases B and C are also to be considered for partial loading which may occur in practice, e.g. where specified container stack places are empty.

The design load for other cargo than containers subject to lifting forces is to be determined separately.

In case of container stacks secured to lashing bridges or carried in cell guides the forces acting on the hatch cover are to be considered.

26

Hatch covers of hold spaces intended to be filled with liquids are to be designed

Hatch covers of hold spaces intended to be filled with liquids are to be designed for the loads specified in Section 4, D.1. and D.2. irrespective of the filling height of hold spaces.

27

D.2. irrespective of the filling height of hold spaces. 27 Hatch covers, which in addition to

Hatch covers, which in addition to the loads are loaded in the ship's transverse direction by forces due to elastic deformations of the ship's hull, are to be so designed that the sum of stresses does not exceed the permissible values given below:

The equivalent stress σv in steel hatch cover structures related to the net thickness shall not exceed 0,8.ReH.

below: The equivalent stress σv in steel hatch cover structures related to the net thickness shall
below: The equivalent stress σv in steel hatch cover structures related to the net thickness shall
below: The equivalent stress σv in steel hatch cover structures related to the net thickness shall

28

Tweendeck hatch covers not subject to cargo loads are to be designed for a uniformly

Tweendeck hatch covers not subject to cargo loads are to be designed for a uniformly distributed load of 2 kN/m 2 or for a single load of 3 kN, whichever results in the stronger scantlings.

29

of 3 kN, whichever results in the stronger scantlings. 29 Calculations are to be based on

Calculations are to be based on net thickness t net = t - t k

30
30
Calculations are to be based on net thickness t n e t = t -

Calculations are to be based on net thickness t net = t - t k Verifications according to Section 3, F. are to be based on t = t net and stresses corresponding to t net applying the safety factor S = 1,1.

See Section 3,F. for detail Calculation of lateral buckling

31

3,F. for detail Calculation of lateral buckling 31 Top plating The thickness of the hatch cover

Top plating The thickness of the hatch cover top plating is to be obtained from the calculation according to Section 3.F. However, the thickness shall not be less than the largest of the following values:

according to Section 3.F. However, the thickness shall not be less than the largest of the
32
32
The thickness is to be obtained from the calculation t n e t = t

The thickness is to be obtained from the calculation t net = t – t k .

The thickness must not be less than the larger of the following values:

t = 8.a t min = 6,0

The lower plating of hatch covers for spaces in which liquids are carried is to be designed for the liquid pressure and the thickness is to be determined according to 4.1.1. (t=t ne t = t k ; and tmin=6,0 mm)

33 Peraturan Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia Volume II, Edition 2009 34
33
Peraturan Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia Volume II,
Edition 2009
34