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SAFE CONCENTRATION OF BENZENE EXPOSURE IN WORK

ENVIRONMENT OF MOTOR INDUSTRY

Ahadin Syarifudin Fahmi1, Abdul Rohim Tualeka2, Mulyono3*, Nikita Swasty Rahmadhany4

1
Occupational Health and Safety, Universitas Airlangga, ahadinsfahmi@gmail.com
2
Occupational Health and Safety, Universitas Airlangga, inzut.tualeka@gmail.com
3
Occupational Health and Safety, Universitas Airlangga, mulyono-fkm@yahoo.com
4
Occupational Health and Safety, Universitas Airlangga,nikita.swasty@gmail.com
*Mulyono, +6281334271425, mulyono-fkm@yahoo.com

Abstract
The aims of this research were to know benzene intake into worker body, benzene risk characteristic
or Risk Quotient (RQ), and safe concentration of benzene exposure in workshop environment. This
research was observational, cross sectional and descriptive research with population of 7 workers of
motor industry in Surabaya with inclusion criteria of workers aged between 20 years up to 37 years.
The number of sample were 7 workers with the exclusion criteria in the form of working period that is
not to make the new worker become the respondent. Inspection data on benzene exposure in the
workplace was assisted by experts from UPTK3 Balai Hiperkes East Java Province. Data analysis in
this research was done by using quantitative data analysis by manual to determine the concentration of
safe exposure of benzene to workers. The results showed that the maximum benzene intake received
by workers wass 0.1837 mg/kg/day. Characteristics of risk in Table 7 can be seen that the RQ on
average workers more than 1 (> 1), with the highest RQ of 22.673. The highest safe concentration of
workers was 3.9 mg/m3 and the lowest safe concentration was 0.4 mg/m3. The conclusion of this
research was the concentration of benzene exposure in motor industry showed the number above the
Threshold Limit. According to Permenakertrans No.13/MEN/X/2011, the highest intake received by
workers per day for benzene was 0.1837 mg/ kg/day, Risk Quotient (RQ) for benzene showed a high
risk impact for workers, safe concentration The smallest worker was 0.4 mg/m3.

Keywords: benzene, intake, RQ, safe concentration, motor industry