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Vol#5 Drawing Duplications

In this months installment we will look at Drawing Duplications.
When asked to name a favorite type of effect (for example a pin reveal, name
reveal, book test etc.) most mentalists will instantly state that the drawing
duplication is their favorite and its not hard to see why drawing duplications are
so popular.
The vast amount of versatility in terms of premise and performance is staggering,
ranging from remote-viewing to simple psychology and then everything in-between.
I dont think there is a nicer moment visually than a participant and you holding
up a drawing simultaneously and they match Double whammy! I have always had a
soft spot for drawing duplications and surprisingly they are something that I have
not talked at great lengths about In all honesty I think they just might be my
next obsession. I have mentioned in the past that I tend to go through phases of
loving one/ two areas of mentalism till I refine them and then move onto another
area. It is a slow process but I love to know as much as possible on a particular
situation as possible.
One of the pioneers of drawing duplications has to undoubtedly be Uri Geller.
Regardless of anyones opinion of his ethics he has created and employed some of
the greatest drawing duplications that have ever been created.
My favorite drawing duplication of all time was the drawing duplication he
performed on David Frosts - Beyond Belief. Uri had Ulreka Jonsson make a drawing
in Paris and he duplicated it thousands of miles away in America. One of the things
I particularly loved about that drawing duplication was the psychology that Uri
employed during the drawing duplication (whether he knew he was doing it or not
is another thing, but I wager he did as he is a very clever man).
Some of the drawing duplications you will read in this volume are very classical
in structure and method, others are bolder. I have visited a couple of routines I
have touched upon in the past and added my refinements/ subtleties to make them
fresh and there is a whole host of unreleased ideas. The most important thing in
this volume (as always) is not the methods themselves (they are fun too) but the
subtleties and nuances that are presented alongside the effects and the journey
that they enable you to take your participant on. I am currently in Dubai starting
to write this volume, I will continue to write in Paris (my home away from home)
and will finish writing this volume up in Holland/ Germany and then proof read
in Spain! I am going to let the things that I see and experience in these locations
inspire me and hopefully that will come out in this vol.
With that said enough of me rambling on,
Pete x
What is a drawing duplication?
I am finally comfortable with the format of these volumes which makes it easier
to focus on what should go where This makes the volume more of a pleasurable
experience for you the reader.
What is a drawing duplication? Well to answer that question it is exactly what it
sounds like -duplicating a drawing. Making a copy of a drawing that someone else
has made but with a twist, the person who makes the drawing never tells you what
drawing they have made and you manage to correctly identify and duplicate it.
Its easy to see why this area of mentalism is so fascinating; over this volume you
will find several ways in which to duplicate drawings in a variety of different

Do you have to be artistic to perform a drawing

As you will learn through the course of this volume there are subtle ways to get
around not being able to draw what the participant is thinking of (if this situation
ever arises) and ways to reduce their artistic skill to something completely
manageable no matter what the level of your artistic ability.
I dont think there is any more questions that need answering, so lets get into the

Drawing Duplications
By far the simplest drawing duplication possible is achieved by getting the
participant to make a drawing on a billet and then peeking the billet (in a close
up scenario) or a gimmicked pad clipboard peek in a stage scenario.
I am purposefully (apart from in one section of this volume) going to try and avoid
these methods. The reason I am aiming to avoid these methods/ way of thinking is
that there are so many different cool premises and methods available I really
think it would be a crying-shame to jump straight for the obvious. If you are
interested in Billet work see volume four of this series.

Psychological drawings
There are drawings that you can almost guarantee while in performance a large
percentage of people will draw.
I will start by outlining a list of those drawings.
Smiley face
Lets try a fun experiment - ask the nearest person to Simply imagine making a
drawing and tell you what it is, see how many times
they choose something that is on the list. This just enables you to see how popular
the above drawings are without you doing too much in terms of guiding the
participant verbally towards a specific drawing.
Obviously this is not 100% but I honestly think you will find the results startling.
Remember you have not really done anything here to guide the participant in any
way. Employing a couple of layers of fines/ verbal subtleties I am about to share,
the percentage rating will
be much greater.
First things first, lets take a look at the language I used above, Instead of saying
Think of a simple drawing I would say Simply think of a drawing or doodle
That way you are essentially restricting without seeming restrictive and it will
have the same effect on the participant psychologically. In terms of boxing them
into picking simple drawings but without ever asking them to think of something
simple. This is an old dodge but certainly serves a massive purpose.
This is the script I use in order to be able to get the participant 8/9 times out of
10 to go for one of the drawings above. In your head tell them which one you want
them to go for This is very strange thinking but, I feel it helps as somewhere
I feel we often telegraph what we want someone to think of or feel But thats
just my opinion.
Another thing that can really up the probability is actually asking someone to
physically draw something, this puts them under pressure and is also another form
of restriction Unless you pick an artist. Here is the scripting I would use -
Performer: I want you to take this (the performer hands the billet or pad to the
participant) and simply make a drawing on there for me. Make it something we would
all recognize and for the sake of everyone elses time keep the drawing to ten to
twenty seconds. Something like a Dog, a Cat or a stickman would be fine For
obvious reasons dont go for those.
Lets break down the script above and look at the effect it has psychologically.
First you will notice I dont ask them to think of a drawing and then give them
the pad, this will give them time to change their mind. I give them the pad and
say SIMPLY MAKE a drawing this is one action and from a psychological point of
view it pressures the participant to make the first drawing that comes into their
The word simply as mentioned before restricts them to choosing something simple.
Another thing that I mention is everyone elses time, this appeals to the
participants better nature. If I mention it is to save me time, the likeliness is
that not knowing the participant he/ she doesnt care how long I have to wait for.
I essentially restrict the participant to taking ten to twenty seconds to draw their
drawing which again drastically reduces the number of drawings.
Then by mentioning the dog, the cat and the stickman I eliminate those from the
list of the psychologically chosen drawings.
I know what you are thinking, there is still a list of drawings that they could
have drawn
With a couple of simple questions it is easy to reduce the number of possibilities
down instantly, for example
Performer: Can you think of the colour of thing that you have drawn for me?
This will reduce the list by almost half based on the speed of the affirmation by
the participant. They are not prepared for you to ask this question and therefore
the Sun, Tree, Love heart and Car will be easier to visualize a colour for and the
affirmation will be almost instantaneous if you see any cognitive movement then
House, Smiley face and the boat will be the more likely of choices due to the
participant having to think of the colour.
Note to the reader** Cognitive movement is where the participants eyes wandering
off to find information. If you watch for this happening you can essentially see
when a participant is having to think about something they know but havent thought
of for a while.
Another example question, you could ask them to think about the main shape in their
drawing, using closed questions find out the shape
Performer: Focus on the shape that stands out most predominantly in your drawing
for me. You didnt go for a circle did you?
For more information on closed questions the readings volume in this series tips
several different ways to ask closed questions (that are a lot more subtle than
Another thing principle that you can apply here after asking the aforementioned
question is the Wash principle.

The Wash Principle

The Wash Principle can be used verbally or physically. This principle (when used
wisely) will reduce your miss rating massively. In this instance, we will pretend
we are working with drawings.
Let's start with using the wash principle in a physical scenario.
We will imagine we are fishing for a picture someone is thinking of out of a
series of pictures, we have deduced that the drawing the participant has made is
a house or a car (just as an example).
Address the participant,
Performer: Can you think of the drawing again for me?
Imagine drawing this imagine in the air; imagine seeing all the different lines
and the way the drawing is constructed.
Concentrate for me but don't say anything out loud.
This is where you pick one of the drawings (the house for example) and start to
draw the lines in the air.
Start to draw the house largely in the air (at a nice relaxed slow pace) remember
to draw it from the participants perspective so you are in essence drawing it
Watch the participants face; if they react by starting to smirk, you know it's
that house they are thinking of! If not, wipe the air clean and shake your head
as though you are not seeing it clearly. Secretly we now know it is the opposite
drawing (in this case the car)!
Even if you didnt hit, you corrected yourself and therefore have NEVER missed.
The theatrics are beautiful here also as it really is just two minds working in
You can see how this would be useful if you are torn between drawings when you
are psychologically deducing a drawing. You could use this after asking for the
participant to focus on the main shape in the drawing.
The most predominant shapes that stand out in the list are square and circle.
Using the wash principle you will instantly kill one of the shapes or confirm it,
meaning that your list has reduced drastically and you are going to be down to
two/ three drawings.
A principle that can be used here is one I created for Getting to know two
(readings volume) I am going to name this principle (for reference purpose)
turning the other cheek. When you get the participant down to three drawings reach
into your pocket and take out a small stack of billets.
Lets for hypothetical sake say that you have reduced your participant down to a
car, a house and a tree (I know that using the colour question these three would
never be together, but its just for the purpose of explaining the principle).
Ask the participant to focus on their drawing and then write the word house on a
billet. After you have written the word house on a billet, shake your head and
instead of crossing out the word house let your thumb nail touch the surface of
the billet instead of the pen tip and strike it backwards and forwards across the
face of the billet.
It will look to the participant like you are crossing out whatever you have just
wrote, when in essence you have done nothing. Put this billet to the bottom of the
stack and also place two others to the bottom also (after the billet you just
scribbled out). So essentially the billet that you just wrote upon is three from
the bottom of the stack.
Re read this a couple of times, it might sound confusing in writing but is very
easy when put into practice.
This is where you will perform a flop switch, address the participant See your
drawing at the forefront of your mind as you say this bring the hand that is
holding the stack of billets up to your head to point to your forehead and bring
your hand back down palm down.
What you have achieved is under the big movement of touching your forehead you
have flipped over the entire stack of billets. So now that billet with the word
house on it is three from the top (the word house will be facedown).
Look at the participant and then write the word house on the top billet, do not
flash this it is essential the participant does not see what you are writing. Place
this face down on the table, on the second billet write the word tree place that
face down on the table also and on the third billet write car. The billet you write
the word car on will have the word house on the reverse side of it if you have
followed these instructions up until this point, keep this billet on the stack so
that the stack hides the word house. Address the participant and tell them not to
react in anyway, explain to them that you are down to three drawings.
Turn over the first billet that you placed on the table revealing the word house,
then the second revealing the word tree and finally deal the card that says car
upon it onto the table ensuring that you keep the word house hidden on the reverse
Ask the participant not to give away any clues by looking towards the card that
has their drawing written upon it. When you have explained this ask them if their
drawing is on one of the cards.
The participant will state it is.
This is where we are going to use a Bill Cushman-esque principle I loved his
Terasbos from the psychological subtleties series and this is a principle I created
inspired by his.
Address the participant,
Performer: Now we know that your drawing is here, it is my job to separate your
drawing from the rest.
Look at the participant and then the billets and back to the participant.
Pick the drawing of the tree up from the table, if you notice that the participant
reacts when you pick up the drawing of the tree you leave it there your job is
complete. If they do not react simply tear the billet and place it face down on the
Performer: One down.
Pick up the billet that says car on it and place it on top of the billet that says
house on it, pick up both the cards at the same time. This ensures that you can
flash the backs of the cards very openly without having to worry about the
participant seeing anything that they shouldnt.
Separate the two billets ensuring that you are hiding the back of the card with
writing on it with your fingers. After a few seconds tear the billet that says
house on the face, leaving the double sided billet in your hand, place the pieces
of the torn billet face down on top of the other torn pieces and ask the participant
to state clearly which drawing they were thinking of.
Whichever drawing they say now, ensure that you place the billet down that way up
(as it is a 2 out billet) this will mean that out of three drawings you can instantly
be 100% correct every single time.
Im sure you can imagine how useful this technique is, even outside of drawing
duplications for anything that you need three outs for.
Another psychological technique I have used for years and is not widely known is
one I call guiding
This is a simple technique to force the image of a house on your participant.
Performer: I want you to completely clear your mind, in a moment we you going to
build an image piece by piece in your mind. Images are constructed of lines, dots,
swirls and shapes.
I dont want you to think about anything just yet, as anything you do choose I
want to be a completely free choice.
I want you to let two shapes come into your mind, if you see a circle for example,
imagine it growing and becoming ten times larger. When you have the two shapes in
your mind build an image using those two shapes. Then after you have the image in
your mind bring the image to life add a few things around it so it is not just an
abstract doodle but now resembles a full drawing.
Tell me when you have a drawing in mind
This is where I personally would ask them to remember the drawing as you will
come back to it later. The image they will have constructed in their mind should
be an image of a house with a tree next to it (usually to the left), the sun in the
sky and almost always the chimney will have smoke coming out of it.
By placing a time delay before getting to the drawing it aids in making the
audience forget the process in which you got to the image.
Try this a few times you will be amazed at how simple this is, I remember my first
paid show (which was in a bar) utilizing this on the entire audience as a macro
effect. In this bar (as with all bars in England) they do a thing called house
spirits. Essentially its the cheaper alcohol than the branded alcohol.
I placed up images of houses all over the bar and on the way into the bar with
the words, house doubles, add 1 pound which is the offer that the bar had on at
the time. Then when it came to asking the entire audience to create an image in
their mind. When I told the entire audience what drawing I was transmitting to
them and got a huge reaction, I simply pointed out the images that were littered
all around and explained that those images had influenced their decisions.
Obviously this was a pseudo explanation but it gave the audience a process to focus
on and made people believe they could be influenced.
Thats just a small story from long ago but it was the instant memory that I
recalled whilst sharing this image force.
Abstract association
Another thing that is really cool with this type of routine is when you are using
multiple participants. Lets say you are performing close up for a small group at
the table.
The first participant at the table quickly makes a drawing (it should be the house),
you ask for the billet with the drawing on to be handed to the second participant
who will be asked to draw things around that drawing to make it into a picture.
You might give an example of what you want them to do with a script that is along
these lines.
Performer: I want you to look at the drawing for me, lets for example say that
XXX (insert participants name) has drawn a chicken, if I asked you to draw things
around that drawing to turn it into a picture you might draw a barn or more
animals to create the picture of a farm yard. This would stay congruent and
consistent to the drawing that the first participant made. I am sure you can imagine
the amount of vast possibilities there in terms of pictures that could be created
and it is dependent on XXX.
They will naturally now draw the tree on the left hand side, the sun at the top
right, a smoke with a chimney and sometimes a picket fence.
This process is normally over in less than a minute. Reading this it might seem
that it is drawn out - this couldnt be further from the truth.
Ask the second participant to pass the billet to the third.
Performer: Obviously now that picture you created as a team will consist of several
different drawings, all of which none of us could have pre-empted. I want you to
focus on one of the drawings. Tell me when you have one in mind.
The participant claims that they have done as requested.
Performer: The only question I am going to ask is which portion of the drawing
are you focusing on, the left, right, top or bottom.
They will naturally tell you now which portion they are focusing on and you are
free to reveal what the drawing it is that they are thinking of (dependent on the
portion of the picture that they selected). If you wanted to take it away from the
picture that was drawn you could always have the third participant focus on a
particular portion of the drawing and then think of something that they would
associate with that drawing.
Here is a script that will guide them,
Performer: I want you to take a look at the drawing you are thinking of, we are
going to play a game of image association. If the image you are thinking of has
an exact opposite then go with the opposite of the image you are thinking of for
example, for a dog you would think of a cat and if you cant do that then go with
an image that you instantly associate with the image you are thinking of.
Now you are thinking of an image that no one else in the room could possibly know
apart from you. Tear the drawing up we no longer need it as the image you are
thinking of exists solely inside your head.
The sun would obviously be a moon, a tree would be a flower or grass/ leaf this
will force them pretty much to choose these two images.
Dont worry too much about this, as you always know what the full drawing was and
you have several reveals you can incorporate into the routine at any one time. This
is where feel I would like to go off on a little tangent.
If you are ever in a situation in this type of routine where you are panicking
because you feel you have taken your participant too far and you feel lost yourself
NEVER show you are worried, in-fact never worry.
It is really simple, as your participants never knows where the routine is headed
and they dont know enough about how you read minds to tell you how you are
reading them, you can practically tell them what you want and they only have your
word to go on and as long as you hit in the end it confirms what you are saying
as true anyway.
The best artists are the ones that never worry when something seems to be going
wrong, they make it part of the journey and make that part of the journey feel
like it was meant to happen.
Here is an example of a script that you can use if you find yourself in a situation
like this, for the purpose of demonstration we will stick with the routine we have
just talked about (Abstract association).
Performer: You are now thinking of a drawing that you just created in your mind.
This drawing doesnt exist in a tangible form and therefore there is no way that
anyone could know what drawing you are thinking of.
We will pretend that we (The performer) has lost track of what is going on just
for the purpose of this example and how we would get out of this situation cleanly.
Performer: Its my job to look at you and try work this drawing out, then work
backwards to figure everyone elses drawings. Essentially what we are employing is
reverse mind reading, I am going to read you, work backwards to work out what I
think you would associate with the drawing that you are thinking of and then think
of several drawings that I would associate with that drawing and then pick out the
one that I feel is most prominent out of all them drawings to work out your drawing
(the performer points to participant one). Look at me, in your head tell me the
image, say nothing out scream it to me in your mind.
Ok, keep sending it I think I have this What would I associate with this image
(the performer focuses his attention on participant 2) tell me without saying a word
what drawings you made. Scream it in your mind now (the performer takes participant
2s hands) I think I have this Ok this is the image that stands out the largest
out of the entire group (the performer makes a drawing on a billet and then places
it face down onto the table) and by default I think what I have just drawn is the
image that you are thinking of (the performer points to participant 1).
If I have managed to do this, if I have really managed to work from the end
mentally visualized your image, then visualized all of yours I should now know
yours. What is the image that you drew?
Participant: A house
This is where you would turn the billet over and sit back, if you act excited at
this point it will really sell the fact that you have mentally worked yourself and
you yourself are excited that you have somehow have managed to backtrack all of
the images. When in reality, you lost your way completely and then just created a
process/ journey in which it seemed you are doing something even when you are not
and when you hit the first image you indefinitely knew you are confirming to
everyone that you must have in-fact guessed everyone elses drawings.
Whenever I am writing I always try to be very in-depth with the explaining things,
in this instance the last thing I have just tipped - when you realise you can use
this as a stand-alone principle to accompany any drawing duplication you will see
the true value in how we just applied the Confirmation principle. I wish I could
do the little winky icon that everyone uses on social media as I really feel it
fits here.
You can see how in performance how I would get out of a situation like this, if I
am not employing this principle just for the sake of it. I never worry about
anything in performance as there is always an out it is just about training your
brain to find it. In all honesty in a close up situation where I can afford to be
more lenient I purposefully put myself into a situation where I have to get out of
it. This is thrilling for me and completely keeps things fun. I love that bold
moment of completely letting go of the control and just free falling.
I then have to think on my feet in order to get things back into orderly fashion.
I am so thankful that I have trained myself like this, it has really helped me
when I need to perform something new as I can instantly script something now
without having to think. I promise you if you start doing this now, you will
completely thank me for this piece of advice later.
One principle that is little talked about that can also be utilized to create a super
clean drawing duplication is pencil reading.
Pencil reading
This is essentially what it sounds like, the idea of watching the way that the
participants pen moves while they make a drawing in order to be able to define
what they have drawn upon a pad or billet (without having to utilize a billet peek).
This is something that I have made a purposeful effort to work on over the last
couple of years and has served me well in many different scenarios as the main
method within an effect or the out.
There are several tips and techniques I have developed over the years to ensure
that the percentage rating is much higher than just hitting and hoping.
There are a few things that you need to take into account when pencil reading the
first is that the pencil is the last of your priorities.
Here is an outline of the priorities that occur before you would ever focus on the
pencil (if you focus on the pencil at all). After outlining the priorities I will
break down each of the priorities and then piece them back together one by one and
at the end detail each priority in full.
The distance between you and your participant
The thing that the participant is going to write on
What the participant is going to use to write with
How the participant is holding the thing they are writing on (in terms of height
The instructions that you give your participant
The speed the participant is drawing
The movement of the participants elbow
Finally the movement of the pen/ pencil (if needed)
As you can see there is a varied amount of things to focus on before watching the
movement of the pen/ pencil.
The distance between you and your participant
The ideal distance for pencil reading is anywhere from 3 6 feet, at 3 feet it
can be very disarming as the participant never suspects that you would be looking
especially if we employ the gypsy peek (which we will outline later) I have found
that the closer you are to the participant the more fooled they are as this is
something they will never suspect.
6 feet away is unnatural if the person is seated, 3 feet away is unnatural if the
participant is standing.
I find when seated that if you drink your drink while they are drawing and watch
the participant out of your peripheral vision if you time this perfectly then there
will never be any suspicion that you are looking (I know that I have not outlined
what to look for yet but please stick with me).
If the person is standing, you could always address a second participant and talk
about the amount of variables that exist when it comes to making a drawing. As you
refer and talk about drawings point towards the participant and just watch the
first participant draw!!
Think about it this way, if you are talking to the second participant and asking
those questions that participant is going to be focused on answering and not
watching your every action. The first participant will hear you talking to the
second and therefore will never suspect for a moment that you can see what they
have drawn (in any context).
When you have refined the technique over this distance, you can then stand the
participant further away and practice at that distance. I once pencil read Marcus
Lewis (head hacking) from one side of Covent Garden square to the other (width wise
not length).
I still remember the drawing that he drew A Christmas tree.
Now you know about the ideal distance that the participant needs to stand lets talk
about what they are going to write on
Ideal writing materials
The smaller the thing that participant is writing on the better. The reason this is
the case is that the pencil will extend well outside of the area of the card and
therefore it makes it very easy to see the movement of the pencil and when making
a drawing on the card, because their wrist is confined to a smaller area their
elbow will telegraph like crazy and will make this the area I would recommend
focusing on.
If you gave the participant a business card to draw on that would be ideal. I would
recommend this or a journalists note pad (the small pad) I would have them turn the
pad onto its side (landscape) when they make their drawing on here again the top
of the pen/ pencil will be visible outside the edges off of the card.
If all you have to hand is a normal sized pad, the speed of the drawing is the
deciding factor in how the participant will telegraph with their elbow the drawing.
The faster and larger the drawing the participant makes (on a large pad) the more
visible the movement of the elbow. I will outline exactly what to look for later.
What the participant should use to write
The longer the pen/ pencil the better, when I first practiced this Steadler pencils
became my go to because the pencil was black and yellow Like a bee or a wasp and
stood out no matter what environment but even more that that it had a red ball on
the top of it. This made it very easy to focus on that specific part of the pencil.
As long as the pen is of a good size (in terms of length) it should be perfect for
pencil reading. The duller the pencil tip, the better The participant will have
to dig into whatever they are writing on making the movements much slower and
making it much easier to follow the pencil as the participant will have to re
If it is a pen, if you rub it across an eraser, spray the tip with hairspray or run
the pen till it is almost dry the participant will be forced to repeat each line
over and over, giving you more than enough opportunity to sight the drawing!
These are just little tips that all aid in helping to up the probability in practice
of picking up on the drawing. Once you are well versed in this technique these
little subtleties you can drop out.
How the participant is holding what they are holding
This is very simple and by far the shortest step of all, the participant wants to
be holding the pad or billet landscape at chest to chin height. This is where you
will have to experiment which is best for you. I am a fairly tall guy, so chin
height for me is great because the participants elbows will be stuck out to the side
meaning their hands will be hovering and they have to make an over exenterated
movement to be able to draw the drawing and by watching the participants elbow it
will give you all you need in order to know the drawing.
As I mentioned previously this is the simplest step, just ensure they are not
obscuring the tip of the pen and that they are drawing landscape at chest to chin
The instructions you give your participant
This is by far the most important step to getting a good read. Your instructions
have to be clear and concise in order to get your participant to follow what you
are asking of them
Performer: I want you to take this and I want you to hold it like this (demonstrate
holding the card you are about to hand them landscape), hold it just like this so
that there is no way I can see over the top of the card in any way shape or form.
In a moment I want you to simply make a drawing, I want you to use the entire
area of the card. Make the drawing as large as possible go for something we would
recognize like a dog, cat or a stickman. I want you to clearly be able to show that
to everyone and them be able to see what you have drawn.
Before you make your drawing, write your name at the bottom of the piece of card.
[This is so that you can gauge the positioning of the pen, if you notice that you
cannot see the pen over the top or they are leaning to far back not moving their
elbows then this is will give you an indication early to get a gauge on how the
participant writes and you can plan whether you are going to follow through with
pencil/ pen reading or employ a different technique. This is your fail safe as you
have prepared yourself should you need to move into a peek routine instead of
pencil/ pen reading.]
This is where you would remind your participant to draw the drawing largely and
you are ready to start.

The speed the participant draws at

If you notice that your participant wrote their name excessively quickly, then you
might need to condition your participant to draw a little slower in order to give
you more of a chance to pick up on what they are drawing. This is as simple as
saying to them, When you make your drawing make it clear and concise, each of the
lines carefully constructed to fully portray to everyone should they look, exactly
what you have drawn.
The participant is going to completely follow what you have asked to the letter
and this should ensure that you get a good read on them.

Watching the participants elbow

This is where you need to focus, when the participant is writing their name it
should give you a good focal on whether you are focusing on the participants elbow
or the pen. If you notice little amounts of telegraphing in the participants elbow
then you would dismiss this and focus on the pencil/ pen. Most people telegraph
massively and will give you everything you need without having to resort to
looking at the tip of the pen.
Look at the tip of the participants elbow and imagine that there is a pen attached
to it. Imagine that with each movement of the elbow the pen attached to the elbow
is making a drawing construct the drawing.

Watching the movement of the pen

If you notice that the participants elbow is not giving you what you need in order
to start to construct the drawing then focus on the tip of the pencil/ pen. The tip
of the pencil/ pen at this point is going to be the deciding factor in giving you
what you need to know about the participants drawing.
I would suggest to practice this dont aim to do a drawing duplication, just ask a
friend or a partner to make simple drawings and see if you can guess them. Remember
I have already provided a list of drawings that are the most popular so the
likeliness is that it will be one of them drawings.
You could always give your partner/ friend the list and have them make a drawing
and start by getting accustomed to learning these drawings as they really are the
most popular. I think you will be surprised at the results that you will get after
a small amount of practice.

Additional idea
You could use this in conjunction with a one ahead, lets assume that you miss the
first drawing or are unsure. You could ask the person to make a second drawing and
try to watch for this one. This will give you a second chance to guess the drawing
should you miss the first time.
You could employ one of the psychological forces outlined earlier for the second
drawing that way all you have to do is confirm that the psi force has hit via
following the first few lines.
I also do a very cheeky thing when pencil reading, once I feel that I know what
the drawing is I look away casually I dont make an overt effort to look away. If
this is a house I can look away after I see the square being drawn and the start
of the roof.
Here is a simple script that you can employ during employing psychological drawing
duplications - this will drastically up the probability of the drawing being part
of the list that I outlined earlier.
Performer: One thing I find particularly fascinating is the imagination of a
child. When we become adults our minds become polluted because of all of the
platforms of media we are subjected to. I would like to show you what I mean. In a
moment when I snap my fingers I want you to close your eyes.
The performer snaps his fingers and continues I want you to go back to being 6/
7 years of age, imagine being in your bedroom as a child surrounded by things that
you have likely forgotten about now. I have done this myself and it is strangely
comforting to remember the toys and little things we had as children that we then
took for granted. You are completely free of any responsibility, you have no stress
and no one depends on you for anything.
I want you to imagine that there are a bunch of crayons on the floor, you pick the
black Crayola crayon up and simply make a drawing in this vision you have created
in your mind. It could be anything, a dog, cat, stickman I want you to open your
eyes and then make THAT drawing you made in your head on here.
This is where you would obviously hand them the billet to draw on. I have found
this really helps in them simplifying the image as they are thinking through the
eyes of a child. BUT look at the way that you have set the script up.
You said that the imagination of a child is vaster than an adults as their mind is
not polluted. If you come back to this point after they have made the drawing on
the piece of card and committed to it makes the drawing they have drawn seem more
Especially if you give them a few examples of a few of the things that you would
have drawn as a child, in my case it would have been a rocket ship with an astronaut
peering out of the window and an alien riding the rocket ship.
This is naturally going to be more of a difficult and in-depth image than the one
that they have drawn. This gives the participant and audience an example of the
sort of thing that they COULD have drawn. This can be used with the regular psi
force or the pencil reading.
[You can use this script with the next duplication that is outlined in the indexing
section - The only difference is that instead of telling the participant to pick up
the black Crayola ask them what colour they are picking up. This will make no
sense right now but when you read the next section bear this in mind.

Indexing is another thing that really fascinates me, first I will start with a
very simple idea that I created a long time ago (which I am going to class as a
form of indexing but it is technically not it is more multiple out) and then talk
about how to create a simple index and utilize that index in performance to create
a ridiculously clean prediction effect.
This effect utilizes a principle I call Restricting without seeming restrictive,
this idea was born after being dissatisfied with simple psi forces, I hated asking
someone to think of a colour and then revealing what it is, for me it just didnt
sit right.
It felt underwhelming to perform and because of that I cannot even begin to imagine
the experience from the participants perspective. If I dont feel happy with a
routine or premise then I cannot expect my participants to not feel that when I
am performing it.
I started using thought linkage to psi forces that were likely to hit.
If I asked you the reader at home to imagine a colour. You got one?
Now imagine taking a pen (that is that colour) and drawing something that is that
The drawing you have just made is a completely free choice right?
At first I thought you had gone for an apple/ heart but you changed your mind to
the sea??
- Again this is just a guess.
If it hit great, if not dont worry You might have gone for the sun, a flower or
a tree?
If you didnt go for one of these it means you are weird Just kidding,
In all seriousness though, this totally restricts your participants to making a
drawing that is usually one of the drawings I just mentioned.
Take a billet draw the sun with a smiley face upon it (just in case they draw a
smiley face this is still going to be a hit), take a second billet draw a tree with
grass and a flower below it, a third billet draw waves and a boat on top (draw an
arrow towards the sea and write the word sea you will understand why later) and
finally a fourth billet with an apple on one side and a heart on the other.
This is going to be important later.
I position these billets into an order I could remember in different pockets.
I place the red one in left trouser pocket, blue one in my right trouser pocket,
yellow back left and green in back right. Ensure you know the orientation of the
three cards that are in your pocket (so you can bring them out appearing apparently
During a performance I would sit with the participant and explain to them that
subconscious imagery can be used as a means to knowing things about a person
without them having to say a word. Ask the participant to name the first colour
that pops into their head as soon as they say the colour if they say red, ask them
to imagine taking that colour and making a drawing.
Then you would give a reading for that drawing, and then pull out the card to
display that you have indeed predicted in advance that the person would go for.
This is by far the weakest out, my preferred out is one of the other cards and this
is the reason why.
As soon as the participant names the colour say, In-fact before we go any further,
I want you to imagine taking a pen that is that colour and in your mind make a
drawing. The card will be out on the table at this point (blank side up), I want
you to make the drawing you are thinking of on there. It doesnt matter if I see
This will prevent the participant from picking up the card from the table and
revealing the other side should it not hit. When the participant has made the
drawing, you will know if it has hit or not, this is where you will give them a
reading about the drawing that they have made. During the reading I would be
tempted to guess the persons star sign and other pieces of information using the
drawing as a guide.
[I am not going to go into the reading here as it doesnt contextually fit, for more
information on readings see the readings section of this volume.]
If the drawing hits, simply finish with,
Performer: I told you this was about getting to know you, I am a big believer in
fate to such a degree that I believe I was supposed to meet you today. Right now I
do not know the reason, but if fate decides we are supposed to know the reason it
will shine favorably upon us and let us know. There is only one way I can really
prove I was supposed to meet you today
Turn the piece of card over.
They will turn it over and the drawing will match. If it does not, they never know
that a drawing is on the other side and the reading will be great and the
participant will think you know more than you know remember you never stated
that you were going to duplicate the drawing or predict it in advance. This type
of routine can be used as a test to get to know how your participant thinks and
then you can move onto something you consider more sure fire.
These type of routines are very simple, light to carry around and at the same time
fail safe IF you are comfortable as a performer.
An extension of this routine is a routine that I call Wish you were here This
is a routine that I outlined on my first penguin lecture and I always find this
routine a pleasure to perform whether it is to a full audience in a stage show as
a macro effect or in a close up scenario.

Wish you were here

This routine is a routine based off of the restricting without seeming restrictive
principle it is an extension on the routines that you have read above. I love this
routine and when I first created it I was obsessed with opening any close up
performance with this. It is essentially a way of forcing the image of a beach on
your participant There are two ways you can achieve this, here is the script for
the first.
Performer: I want you to imagine we are sat on top of a rainbow overlooking a
blank canvas, I want you to imagine the colours of the rainbow are paints so you
would have red, yellow, pink, green, orange, purple and blue.
Imagine taking one of these colours and using that paint as the main colour in
your pallet and then using that colour to paint a landscape. If for example if you
choose Pink, you might imagine painting a field full of flowers, green might be a
field or a park. For obvious reasons dont go for those as I mentioned them, think
of either red, yellow, pink, green, orange, purple or blue and paint the landscape
The participant confirms that they have.
Performer: Peoples creations are often reflections based upon their own
characteristics and preferences. I am going to base my drawing on what I see when
I look at you.
Pick up your pad and draw a Beach; label the Sea and label Sand. I usually draw a
little Boat and a couple of Seagulls - This is if I am feeling bold I then say
Performer: This is going to be important later, dont worry about that just yet.
Place the pad on the table face down.
Performer: Back to your drawing, what I see when I look at you is a kind, caring
person that is warm hearted.
I think you are the sort of person that has had some sort of despair and as a
result of that keep people at arms-reach. When you let someone in to your private
circle you really treasure them and are very loyal character.
I think the place you are thinking of will be a reflection of a recent mood you
have had, maybe wanting to escape from something a particular scenario.
Based on that the place you chose will be relaxing, in your mind there will be no
people in this image...Although the landscape you have designed would usually be
seen as quite a public place.
What landscape did you design in your mind?
Participant: A Beach.
This is where you are free to reveal the drawing if it hits if it does not all
you have to do is tie the landscape they have drawn to the reading you gave a
moment ago.
As an example if they chose a field, well a field is empty and away from people.
It might be somewhere you would go in order to get away from the stresses of the
busy city life. This is something I cannot help you with really as it depends on
the drawing that the participant draws and your ability to tie your little reading
to that drawing.
You can also use the dodge where you have the beach drawn on the reverse side of
the card without mentioning it and pull it out of your pocket and let them draw
and reveal the drawing if it hits.
If the participant happens to go for something else give them a reading based on
their drawing (As outlined in the readings pdf). This is a very simple idea, simple
and effective. You could use this as a macro effect with the entire audience at the
start of a show. This is a very effective way to show the audience just how easily
they are influenced It also means that really is no pressure on you missing.

Additional idea
If you are wondering what to do with the pad (should the drawing not hit) and you
said to the participant that you would come back to the pad later simply never get
around to it I rarely get asked about it. If the participant asks here what you
can do with the pad, on the page where you have drawing the beach tear of the
corner of the pad (before you have moved into performance) and then dog ear (fold
up) the corner of the page below.
This means if you lightly hold your thumb over the top page whilst holding the
pad in your dominant hand and pull the page dog eared corner the second page of
the pad will pull out with ease. From the back of the pad it will look like you
are pulling out the front page.
You can have an out on this second page, or the set up to another effect (like a
magic square) or something that is bound to hit. You can have a short reading based
on curiosity written on the second page or you can keep it ultra-simple.
Have on that page the words Independent, loyal, relaxed, bottles things up, small
circle of friends, stress? Have these words staggered around the page.
Leave the top page blank when you perform this effect draw little aspects of the
beach bit by bit as you look at the participant. When you give them the reading
that I outlined earlier (before getting to the reading) and the drawing misses if
the participant asks what was written on the pad. Pick the pad up and tear this
page out simply saying I was making notes about what I felt about you.
Sign the piece of paper and give it to the participant as a souvenir.
I prefer to have the second effect set up and then bring the pad back into play
purposefully as it is me that has reintroduced it and there is no dead time. If the
drawing hits I revel the drawing and then I already have my second effect set up
underneath the drawing and I can move straight into that.
Another idea is to use the simple psi force of the colour blue.
Performer: Think of the first colour that pops into your mind and. This is where
you would use the original scripting about them painting a landscape. This will
essentially force them to think of red or blue (as these are the psychological
choices). Then you know the landscape will be a field of roses or a beach. This is
not as guaranteed as the outlined performance of this I feel the outlined
performance also offers a lot more in terms of presentation but it is always nice
to think of alternative methods also and it cant hurt to try this.
One thing I really love about this routine is the imagery it conjures up in the
participants mind. This last additional thoughthas a more remote travel type of
feel to it and I dont know where this lies in terms of being magic or mentalism
as the line is very, very thin I feel in this additional thought.
Take a thumb tip and load it with sand and have it prepared in a pocket.
When you start to probe for the drawing that they have drawn and you feel you
are comfortable with the fact that they are thinking of a beach this is where you
apply this script. Ask them to close their eyes this is where you take their hand
Performer: I want you to imagine climbing into this landscape with me imagine
reaching down and scooping something up, something from around your feet for
example if it was a field of flowers then you might bend down and pick up a flower
or grass. Hand whatever you have in your hand to me in this image. On the count
of three we will come back to reality 123.
Can you tell the audience what you handed me?
At this point you would ask them to hold their hand out and pour the sand from
the thumb tip into their hand. I performed this at a wedding I was booked for once
to test this out and the reactions were insane. I think I have shared this idea with
a couple of people but not really taken it much further than that.
I hope you dont overlook how strong this type of thing plays out.

Back to Indexing
Here is how to create a simple index and then how to set it up This should take
you no more than a couple of minutes to create and you will be able to start using
it instantly. This is just a quick portable index that is strong and reliable and
you dont have to start adding ridiculous boxes or metal structures in your pocket.
Its a wonder this hasnt been thought of before -
If you call into Primark in England, or Pennys in America (any cheap clothing
store) you can pick up a wallet for a couple of pounds/ dollars. This is what we
are going to use as our index.
Flip the wallet over and score the back with a scalpel like this.
Take a stack of billets and draw the aforementioned psychological drawings, this
doesnt just have to be drawings it can be landscapes or anything else you would
like to index.
Fold the billets into quarters and then start to insert them into the slots in an
order you can remember.
The order that I use is From bottom left up to the top and then bottom right up
to the top.
Stick man Bottom (left)
Car 2nd from bottom (left)
Smiley face 3rd from the bottom (left)
Dog Top (left)
Cat Bottom (right)
Tree 2nd from the bottom (right)
House 3rd from the bottom (right)
Sun Top (right)
The way that I remember this order is simple
George drove with a smile on his face because his dog and cat were in his tree
house to get out of the sun.
I usually stack 8 drawings you can of course stack more you can at a squeeze fit
up to 16 drawings on the back of a wallet. The wallet will go into your back pocket
with the billet facing out from your body. Its as simple as when the participant
names the drawing reaching into the pocket run your finger up the back of the
wallet and then pull out the relevant drawing!
This is what the wallet looks like from the front and open.
As you can see from the front of the wallet and when the wallet is open it looks
just like a standard wallet!
Another thing I love is that it is incredibly simple to make the billet look like
it has come out of the wallet also
First loosen the billet in your back pocket so it is the only free billet from the
stack (after the participant has made a drawing). Bring out the wallet ensuring it
is kept face down (so the billets are hidden) retaining the loose billet on the back
by the middle finger. Open the note section of the wallet and place your thumb
inside the note section. Essentially your middle finger is holding the billet on
the back side of the wallet and your thumb on the same hand is on the inside of
the note section. Pull your thumb and finger upwards sliding the billet up this
will look to the participant like the billet has just come out of the note section
of the wallet.
Another idea is to pretend to read the participant real time and draw on a blank
billet. Fold the billet and then place the billet in front of you on the tableAll
the heat will be on this billet. Ask them their drawing and when they mention
their drawing retrieve it from the index.
It is as simple as swapping the billet on the table with the one from the index.
I have never seen anyone adapt an index in a wallet like this but it seems so
logical when you think about it, imagine having 16 different outs in your pocket
accessible in a couple of seconds. This means other than the few cards you are not
carrying anything extra in your pocket as it can still be used as a regular wallet
also and the billets stay in place solidly.
Indexing is something that I might come back to in the future as it is an area that
I have not overly played with.

A glimpse back at history

Sometimes while reading through old works of mentalism I come across ideas that
totally spark my interest and make my head spin.
This next routine is one of those routines, I tested this for the first time last
weekend and it totally works! The routine is dated and there is some controversy
surrounding who first invented it (no one seems to agree), the two places I have
seen this effect are in outlined in two classic texts (everyone who is reading this
should have read those).
The first one is Practical Mental Effects Thought Rays Dr.L.E.Duncanson and
the second is The new encyclopedic dictionary of mentalism Compiled by Berling
Hull Dr.Qs Slate test.
There are so many great effects that are hidden in older texts, a lot of my thinking
is totally inspired by the classics. There are so many hidden gems hidden in those
books, from the principles to the subtleties they are gold and it is a crying shame
that a lot of those books arent looked at as frequently as they should be.

The performer hands the participant a slate and directs the participant to make a
drawing. The drawing can be any drawing, the participant shows the audience the
drawing and then wipes the slate clean. For good measure the participant is given
a cloth and a bowl of water as there is still a faint line where the drawing was.
The participant completely cleans the slate and ensures that there is no trace of
the drawing.
The performer after reading the participant (never fishing or asking any question)
then takes the slate and duplicates the participants drawing!

Think about this effect for a few seconds, how would you achieve it?
When I read the original description of the effect I had nowhere to turn in terms
of method I thought at first maybe somehow the performer got a peek at the board,
maybe one of the audience members were a shill and coded the information to the
Whenever I read an effect description I play a little game in my head, I try to
work out how I would do the described effect. I do this for two reasons, the first
reason is that I genuinely enjoy the mental challenge - the process of not knowing
and trying to find out is for me exciting as I never know where my thoughts are
going to take me and secondly I might be way off base in terms of figuring out
the workings but I then know how I would do it, if I was performing the same
effect and then have my own routine to add to my collection.
This I think plays a big part in the way I create and approach effects, I think
this is why every book I read I always feel inspired. It could be a sentence or a
phrase that I love or a premise/plot and sometimes it is the method (if it is novel
and interesting). If you buy a book for just the secrets you are totally missing
out on all of the real gold hidden within the pages. Read, then re-read everything
- the devil is in the detail. Now that you have had a little time to think about
the effect lets talk about the method.
You will need to make a few preparations.
The secret to this effect lies in the chalk, purchase some 3 in 1 oil and soak a
piece of chalk in it overnight and you are ready to perform.
This is essentially what will happen, if a participant draws on the slate and uses
water to wipe the slate clean, the oil will cause the water (as the slates drying)
to form bubbles wherever the chalk has made contact with the slate.
Think about this for a few seconds!
After the slate has been entirely wiped clean after 5-10 seconds the drawing comes
In the original write up of this routine in Practical mental effects there was
nothing tipped in terms of premise, scripting, justifications or audience management.
What I am about to share is how I would construct the routine in terms of
choreography being honest this is a routine I have never performed, I have tried
and tested the slate and the method works so what you are about to read is fresh
in my head as I am writing this document.
I am going to try and type what is going through my head as I am creating the
routine This will give you the reader an insight into my creative process and
at the same time might inspire you in the construction of some of your own.
The first thing that I am thinking about is the spinal structure of the routine
and the parts that stand out to me as being either A) problematic B) in need of a
Here is how I envision the structure of the routine,
The introduction
The set up
Showing the audience the drawing
Getting them to wipe the slate clean
Being in a position to see the drawing without the audience seeing it
Duplicating the drawing
The reveal
This is the spinal structure of the routine there are a few things that are
problematic in this routine but easily solvable. I am going to come back to the
introduction and set up as I usually write them last (after I know how the rest of
the routine is going to play out) this means that if there is anything that is
happening in the middle of the routine that I want to mention in the introduction
its most logical to construct the routine this way.
The first moment that stands out as being an issue (to me at least) is the participant
having to show the audience.
My justification for the participant making the drawing is so that he/ she can
show the entire audience, logically it doesnt make any sense for them to make a
drawing and then wipe it off and as that is required for the method to work here
is where I have to make a compromise.
So I ask myself, why would I need an entire audience to see the drawing?
Well there could be a couple of reasons, the first might be so that the participant
is committing to one drawing and cannot change their mind, another justification
is so that everyone in the audience can all transmit the image as a group, you
could have the audience nominate one person as a judge and that person is the only
person that gets to see the drawing and the audience as a whole are left in the
dark about the drawing. Another option is to have the board given out into the
audience for three random members of the audience to add something to the drawing
For example, the first person might draw a stickman, the second adds a hat and
the third adds a walking stick.
There are many different options that are available at this point.
What I normally do is write several different options and then choose the best one
and then run with it In this case there are two options that I like the most.
The first is the audience transmitting the image as a whole and the second is the
audience nominating a judge.
Lets run with number one and then look at number two and battle them against each
other and see which one is victorious.
In the first scenario the audience are going to transmit the image as a whole, this
is where I have two options I can ask the participant to draw the drawing and
show it to everyone and then have them all imagine transmitting the drawing to
me or I can create a reason for the audience to send the drawing to me.
What you are about to notice is that when I am constructing a routine constantly
breaking everything down like this not only helps me script but at the same time
adds a natural narrative to the routine.
The best reason I can think of for the need to have everyone transmit the drawing
is if I failed at guessing it straight from the participants head. This not only
logically makes sense but it adds an air of drama to the routine It makes
everything else seem so real.
I now know why I am going to get the participant to make the drawing, I have a
logical reason for the audience transmitting the drawing.
At this stage, this part in the routine I would still keep open, as there were so
many ideas as the performance flows later there might be a better idea that slots
into the performance. I am very open at this part in the process.
Getting the participant to wipe the slate is the next thing that I find is another
key point in the routine Obviously them wiping the slate is not an issue in
anyway but again I want to create consistency in the routine and indirectly answer
any potential theories an audience member might have AFTER the routine has ended.
One such theory is that the slate has not been wiped cleanly enough and you somehow
looked at the faint chalk lines.
I am going to paint this moment red, make it stand out as I want to totally kill
that point.
I would have the participant go to wipe the slate as normal with a dry cloth and
then make a point about the more skeptical members of the audience thinking that.
I might even try to fit in another moment here that will get a reaction (whether
its a laugh or taken as a hit for free here). I am going to give the participant
who made the drawing a cloth and as I hand it to him/ her I am going to point to
someone in the audience that looks like they might be trying to work things out or
look like they are skeptical. You can usually tell a skeptic as they are sat with
their arms folded, this is the person I might point to as I am handing the cloth
to the participant.
Performer: Wipe the slate so it is clean and I will begin to try and re-create
In fact, I know what you are thinking (point to the person in the audience), hes
thinking that this cloth isnt going to clean the slate and I am going to somehow
see the drawing after its been wiped away. Thats fine you be skeptical I dont
mind, to appease your thoughts we will wash the slate.
This makes washing the slate an after-thought, something that isnt part of the
routine it makes the audience feel like you wouldnt usually wash the slate and you
are only doing it because of the skeptical nature of the person in the audience.
Here lies a snag, if you have a bowl of water prepared it is obvious that you were
going to point to the person in the audience and then that entire moment we have
just created becomes irrelevant and not consistent it feels and will look like a
staged moment.
I dont want that.
When I just pointed out the skeptic in the audience I would slightly change my
body language to that of being a little bit pissed off at the fact that there is
someone who is hindering the routine. Not too much just a bit.
I would have a bowl with slips of paper in, maybe from an earlier routine or a
bowl that has been used to hold pencils - anything that seems natural and has been
in play BEFORE this routine. I would pour the bowl content of the bowl onto the
floor. This is a really beautiful moment (I personally feel) as when you pour the
content on the floor (out of the way of the performing area) the audience feel this
moment is an unexpected moment and like you have not planned it. I would take my
bottle of water I have been drinking during the set and would pour the water from
the bottle into the bowl.
Think about this in terms of visuals If you have the bowl already prepared and
then hand it to the person to wipe of the slate there is no drama or anything to
see other than what it is wiping a slate.
Then compare that to the visuals of pointing out a skeptic, then pouring a bowl out
and filling it with water The dynamics are more interesting, there is a sense of
drama and at the same time we have quashed a potential theory and added a beautiful
moment into the act.
Hopefully you can start to see here just how everything is now starting to piece
Next we need to find a logical moment to peek the bubbles.
I would personally use the same slate to duplicate the drawing, because you have
given the participant a wet cloth there is no logical way that the participant can
dry the slate off. I think the perfect moment to peek the bubbles is when you take
the slate back and wipe it clean.
This is the point where I have now got to decide on how the act is going to play
out in terms of positioning of the participant We have hit a point in the routine
where the participant needs to be blocked from seeing the board. I wouldnt suggest
bringing the participant out of the audience because in this scenario the entire
audience are going to be transmitting the drawing and it makes logical sense for
the participant to be stood facing the same way as them.
So I would have to naturally choose somebody from close to the front to make the
drawing so that when they hold it up everyone is able to see it. This also means
that when I take the slate back and dry it off, the participant and the audience
never see the face of the slate as I am facing them and they are facing me.
That part of the routine is taken care of and even though it seems simple enough,
it has dictated to me where the participant is going to be stood during the duration
of the routine. If I planned to bring the person onto the stage at the start of the
routine it would have totally thrown out the entirety of the natural choreography
in the routine. You can see why I start at the problematic spinal points in the
routine and work around them I have said previously that I start at the end and
work backwards, this is true if I dont have a method for a routine and in this
case I do, so I am building the routine around the spinal structure.
Duplicating the drawing now is easy as you know what the drawing is so this has
naturally taken care of itself and is a point I dont need to focus on.
The reveal of the information, I always try to think of entertaining ways to
reveal information Fresh ways that nobody could have seen coming. I feel with
this type of routine that it doesnt need too much in terms of revealing the
information as the routine is pretty straight forward and a simple reveal is going
to be the strongest in this context.
But I usually tend to try and think about how I reveal information or how I want
the end of a routine and sometimes when I am on stage or in performance I will
change the outcome of the routine on the spot. Here is an example If I notice
that the participant on stage has had the free choice to draw anything and still
draws a tree and I peek it (using any method) instead of me revealing the drawing
I know how to psychologically force the image of a tree so instead of revealing
the drawing by just duplicating it and then showing the audience I would change
the ending to get the entire audience involved.
I would state that I didnt know the drawing and then apply the psychological force
to the audience as a whole Then when I came to reveal the information at the
end there is a double kicker in the sense that a large chunk of the audience also
came to the same conclusion as you. This is good SOMETIMES because if the audience
were in any doubt that you were reading the person and they managed to pick up
on the drawing as well by default you must be doing what you claim to be doing.
Very simple logic but completely makes what you are doing feel real.
Having the audience involved as much as possible in what you are doing is incredibly
important and little adjustments when it comes to a reveal can make a massive
difference Who knows I might right a volume on it!
Back to the effect at hand, as the entire audience is sending you the drawing
revealing it in the simplest sense is the most logical way I can see to make the
So essentially now we have the entirety of the routine apart from the introduction.
I will now outline the entire performance including the introduction and hopefully
it should all fit together smoothly.

Full performance variation 1

Performer: A picture speaks a thousand words, this one quote has always fascinated
me more than any other quote. What is it about a picture that enables it to speak
volumes? What is it about pictures that break down the barriers of language and
enable us to communicate universally without ever having to say a word?
I would like to share with you, what that quote means to me and why it is so
fascinating, my obsession with this sort of game stems all the way back to my
childhood. A few of my favorite games as a child were Ballio, where out of a
group of people one person would hold onto a tennis ball and you had to guess who
had it. Rock, Paper, scissors which we all know and Doodle. Doodle was my favorite,
I am not sure it was ever a real game but it certainly made Mr.Docras lessons more
interesting. He would hand someone in the classroom a black board that looked very
much like this one.
(The performer presents the board)
He would walk around the classroom and choose someone at random to take the board
(The performer walks along the front line of the audience and hands someone at
random the board) and a piece of chalk (the performer pulls a piece of chalk from
his pocket and hands it to a participant).
He would ask whoever he had chosen at random to make a drawing on the board,
something we would all recognize making sure it was large enough for the people
at the back of the classroom to see (the performer extends his hand as though to
prompt the participant to make a drawing).
As the person is making the drawing the performer addresses the audience.
Performer: The interesting thing about Mr.Docra was his extensive knowledge in
any given subject area, he was a man that was all knowing. He once said sometimes
working backwards is better than working forwards. I never understood what he
meant when he said that. Let me show you what I interpreted that as.
Youve finished your drawing now correct?
The participant confirms that they have.
Can you hold it up and show everyone what it is, as you are all going to be
transmitting that image to me as a group.
Can you wipe the board clean for me please?
The performer hands a cloth to the participant.
Performer: I know exactly what you are thinking (the performer points to a member
of the audience) ok, we will do this your way! This gentleman thinks that there
will still be faint lines if the board is cleaned with that cloth.
The performer after saying this walks towards the back of the stage, picks up a
bowl containing pens and pours the bowl onto the floor.
[Note*** the performer purposefully breaks the golden rule, he turns his back on
the audience here. This is a beautiful moment of psychology, as performers we
purposefully and consciously make an effort to attempt to keep facing our audience.
Because of this, when we turn our backs for a period of time it is unusual to the
audience and it will create an awkward vibe in the room which is what we are
trying to portray. To make this part of the routine stand out as being something
that wouldnt usually take place and that way it completely hides the method (not
that they will suspect it anyway). Imagine it this way, a guy that is always quiet
and reserved is suddenly out spoken and forward Wouldnt it stand out to you?
Sometimes you change the dynamic of a show by portraying specific moments
differently to how the audience have become comfortable to.]
The performer then takes the bottle he has been drinking from and pours it into
the bowl and approaches the participant.
Performer: Soak the cloth in this water and wipe the board using the wet cloth, is
this fairer for you?
(The performer looks towards the skeptic whilst he asks if it is fairer)
The bowl of water is placed off to the side and the performer retrieves the board.
The takes his handkerchief out of his pocket and dries the slate off and then
addresses the audience,
Performer: I want you all to imagine this drawing at the front of your mind,
imagine sending this drawing to me line by line. Send it to me now, all scream the
drawing in your mind, louder and louder, faster and faster.
The performer then frantically starts to draw, first starting slow but getting
faster and faster as a smile slowly forms on his face.
Just as fast as he started the drawing he stops.
The performer throws the piece of chalk and addresses the participant,
Performer: What was the drawing you created in your mind?
Participant: A frog.
The performer spins around the pad and holds it high in the air The audience go
This is the first performance when the audience transmit the image as a whole you
can see how powerful this is going to play out. There are still a few things I
would do to tweak this routine, things that can only be added after performing
Let take a look at the second performance. This is similar to start with and then
deviates, remember earlier when I said when I read a book there is one line that
can change an entire routine for me. There is one line in this next performance
that even though it is so small it really makes a world of difference.

Full performance - Variation 2

Performer: A picture speaks a thousand words, this one quote has always fascinated
me more than any other quote. What is it about a picture that enables it to speak
volumes? What is it about pictures that break down the barriers of language and
enable us to communicate universally without ever having to say a word?
I would like to share with you, what that quote means to me and why it is so
fascinating, my obsession with this sort of game stems all the way back to my
childhood. A few of my favorite games as a child were Ballio, where out of a
group of people one person would hold onto a tennis ball and you had to guess who
had it. Rock, Paper, scissors which we all know and Doodle. Doodle was my favorite,
I am not sure it was ever a real game but it certainly made Mr.Docras lessons more
interesting. He would hand someone in the classroom a black board that looked very
much like this one.
(The performer presents the board)
He would walk around the classroom and choose someone at random to take the board
(The performer walks along the front line of the audience and hands someone at
random the board) and a piece of chalk (the performer pulls a piece of chalk from
his pocket and hands it to a participant).
He would ask whoever he had chosen at random to make a drawing on the board,
something we would all recognize making sure it was large enough for the people
at the back of the classroom to see (the performer extends his hand as though to
prompt the participant to make a drawing).
As the person is making the drawing the performer addresses the audience.
Performer: The interesting thing about Mr.Docra was his extensive knowledge in
any given subject area, he was a man that was all knowing. He once said sometimes
working backwards is better than working forwards. I never understood what he
meant when he said that. Let me show you what I interpreted that as.
Youve finished your drawing now correct?
The participant confirms that they have. The performer then asks a lady at the
front of the stage to collect the drawing ensuring it is kept face towards herself
and she is to ensure that she doesnt look at it or let the audience see it and then
join me on the stage.
Whilst the female is collecting the board the participant addresses the audience,
Performer: The lady that is about to join me on the stage is going to act as the
eyes of the audience, she is going to be the judge from this point on. Whenever
these type of experiments were conducted in the past there was always an adjudicator
there to oversee the fairness of the entire experiment.
The lady by this point has arrived on the stage and the performer addresses her
Performer: Im Pete you are?
The judge: Hi Pete, Im Hayley.
Performer: Hayley, I want you to take a peek at the drawing, please ensure you
know what the drawing is and when you have the drawing in mind give me a clear
indication so I know you have committed it to your memory.
Hayley: I have done that.
Performer: Can you wipe the board clean for me please?
The performer hands a cloth to the Hayley and she begins to wipe the board.
Performer: I know exactly what you are thinking Hayley, Hayley is thinking that
there will still be faint lines if the board is cleaned with that cloth.
The performer after saying this walks towards the back of the stage, picks up a
bowl containing pens and pours the bowl onto the floor.
The performer then takes the bottle he has been drinking from and pours it into
the bowl and approaches the participant.
Performer: Soak the cloth in this water and wipe the board using the wet cloth, is
this fairer for you?
Hayley confirms it is.
The bowl of water is placed off to the side and the performer retrieves the board.
The performer takes his handkerchief out of his pocket and dries the slate off and
asks Hayley to sit down on the chair that is on the stage.
Performer: I said to you that Mr.Docra used to say that working backwards is
sometimes better than working forwards Like I mentioned I never quite understood
what he meant. Let me explain.
The performer looks towards the participant that made the drawing,
Performer: Right at the very start of this game I said to you that a picture speaks
a thousand words, if that is the case all I have to do is read you to work out what
it is you would like to say and by knowing what you want to say and then draw
what I feel reflects what it is you want to say.
Thinking about what I have just said, I am sure Mr.Docra was that clever he was
gauging exactly how we all thought based off of the drawings that we created. What
do I feel I know about you?
The performer would give a short reading based off of what he knows about the
drawing (For more information on readings, see the readings volume.
The performer then frantically starts to draw, first starting slow but getting
faster and faster as a smile slowly forms on his face.
Just as fast as he started the drawing he stops.
The performer throws the piece of chalk and addresses hands the board to Hayley
asking her to keep the drawing towards herself, just as she had done on the way
up to the stage.
Performer: What is the drawing I set out to duplicate Hayley?
Participant: A frog.
Performer: If I have managed to pick up on that drawing I think it would prove
100% that a picture does speak a thousand words right?
Hayley: Yeah
Performer: Take a little peek at what I have drawn.
Hayley takes a look at the drawing and struggles to contain her excitement.
Performer: Show the audience.
Hayley displays the drawing to the audience and the audience go wild!
As you can see with both variations of this effect there is one thing that I really
took into consideration, dead time. For those who dont know what dead time is its
the couple of moments that occur when a participant is making a drawing and there
is an awkward silence as the performer and audience wait for the participant to
finish not only thinking about the drawing but drawing it as well. You will notice
in both variants of this effect I have filled that drawing time with scripting
This is important as it keeps the audience entertained and at the same time it is
implicit that you are not paying attention to the person making the drawing and
therefore there is no way that you could be watching them. I know I mentioned this
earlier but it is the best way to make it seem you are not pencil reading (when
using pencil reading) and it fills them awkward spaces in routines. This is something
that is not really a problem in close up but on stage it can be very awkward
especially if the person is taking a long time.
So here is the hard decision for me. Which one would I use in performance? They
are both good routines that are easily workable and at the same time are
entertaining for different reasons.
There are pros and cons to each routine, if this was being used as an opener I
might be tempted to use the first variation as it involves the entire audience and
is what Bob Cassidy refers to as a Macro effect. If it is being used anywhere else
in the show I would suggest using the second variation as it packs a bigger punch
from the audiences perspective.
I also really like the line in the scripting about working out what someone has to
say and how they think in order to ascertain what they have drawn.
I am going to name this effect A picture speaks a thousand words for future
Hopefully this has given you a look into how I construct routines and how I am
critical of each accumulating factor when during the construction process of a
A little fact for the readers I really did have a teacher called Dr.Docra, but the
alliteration made want to change his name to Mr. Docra.
- Dr.Docra (Martin) if you are reading this, I am sorry for de-titling you, but
it made for a better read and you always taught me to ensure when writing
that my readers are taken on a journey. I was 11 the last time we spoke, but
I thank you for the brain training.
The game doodle is a game that I made up for the purpose of presentation, but it
seems like it might be the sort of game that a teacher might have his/ her classroom
play especially at a young age.

Our first contribution is by a good friend of mine, Michael Murray Michael is

such a clever guy, you would not believe some of the ideas he has created. He is
constantly inspiring me and has already played a huge part in how the entire field
of mentalism thinks. I cannot wait to see what he creates in the future. He is a
force not to be reckoned with.
To view more of Michaels work visit www.Mindfx.co.uk

From the moment I first read about the Triangle/Circle force in Banacheks
Psychological Subtleties, it has remained one of the most successful psychological
forces within my repertoire.
Never content that I had explored its limitations, my mind wandered for many years
until I had the good fortune to meet Pete Turner. Pete has some marvelous thoughts
on expanding limited range forces to give the impression of a much wider choice.
In applying Pete Turners thinking to the Triangle/Circle force, I believe I have
come up with something quite novel.

You begin by seeking the assistance of four spectators.
If I were to mention the term artist, it would probably conjure up the idea of
someone who is very skilled at drawing or painting. However, as we know, art can
take on many different forms. These include singers, sculptors, dancers and
The type of art that I specialize in is something altogether different, but with
the theory of art in mind, how many of you here have heard of Picasso?... Picasso
was the pioneer of the Cubist movement, and during this time he produced a series
of paintings which were primarily made up from simple geometric shapes.
So with this in mind, I would like each of you to think of a simple geometric
shape, something like a square, but not that one because Ive mentioned it. Do you
have one in mind?
The spectators respond positively.
In a moment Im going to ask each of you to make a drawing in your mind based
upon your chosen shape. To do this Id like you to think about the first letter of
your shape (allow them a moment to think) and then to think of any animal that
begins with that letter...the first one that springs to mind. Do you all have one?
The spectators confirm that they each have an animal in mind.
Out of over a million different species you each have a single animal locked in
your mind. I would like each of you to imagine drawing your animals with a black
marker pen. As you do this I will announce the impressions that I am picking up...
Note: Since the scripting psychologically forces them to think of either a Triangle
or a Circle and you put pressure on them to think of the first animal that pops
into their mind beginning with that letter (a T or a C), their choices are actually
very limited.
Through trial and error on my part, the selected animals will almost certainly
consist of a mix of the following:
CAT, CROCODILE, TIGER, TORTOISE, TURTLE and OSTRICH (For the awkward spectator
who chooses an oblong or oval).
You will note that there are six animals above, yet we only have four spectators,
and so when we deliver this list, we will subtly cover all possibilities whilst
apparently listing only four animals. is achieved as follows:
...I have received four distinct animals...a cat, like a wild cat, like a tiger. A
turtle or a tortoise, Im unsure which, a crocodile and finally an ostrich. If I
have successfully received your animal, please take a seat.
All four spectators should now sit down, concluding the effect. If anyone remains
standing I will resort to the following out.
I take a single business card and upon it I draw (sight unseen) a boat. I will
follow this by writing the words Noahs Ark below it. I can then follow up the
effect as follows:
Upon this card I have made a very specific drawing. Considering that my artistic
skill is limited, If I had drawn a four-legged animal, this could be interpreted
as many different animals.
For example, it could be a horse as much as it could be a dog. For this reason I
have written beneath my drawing exactly what it is, eliminating all confusion.
I now look intently at the spectator and smile as I suggest:
I think you will be impressed with this. Please take a look at the card and confirm
aloud with a yes or no, would you happen to see your animal on here?
Framed correctly, the spectator will look at the card, laugh aloud and agree. This
will be perceived by the audience as a positive reaction to the revelation of their
thought-of animal. Special thanks go out to Tim Lichfield, who suggested turning
my gag into what appears to be a physical revelation.
Note: Another alternative to Noahs Ark is to draw a cage with long metal bars
and to write the word Zoo below it.
I would normally then close with the following words:
Now that I have a clearer idea of how your mind works, I hope that you wont mind
assisting me with another demonstration. I will then follow this with a surefire
routine to establish my credentials with this spectator.
In the unlikely event that you have one or more spectators remaining standing, I
will comment that they must think a little differently to most and suggest that
they may be thinking of the exact same thing. I will then use the gag out for
both spectators in the same way.

Additional Thoughts:
I have in the past performed this over the phone and have also used this one on
one, too. To perform this for a single spectator, you must carefully observe them
when they are asked to think of an animal beginning with the first letter of their
chosen shape.
A quick acknowledgement that they have an animal in mind will indicate that they
were most likely thinking of a circle, as it is very easy to think about an animal
beginning with the letter C. Any delay or initial look of confusion in their
response will indicate that they were thinking of a triangle, since animals
beginning with the letter T wont spring into mind as easily.
I will then ask them to think of the colour that they would use to paint this
animal. I then use the Derren dodge, stating:
Repeat the colour in your mind like green, green, green...
Any reaction, or lack thereof, to this should help you to narrow down on the
spectators choice of animal. If you present this as a warm-up exercise with a
preempted possibility of failure, then this will cover you should you fail.
Note: For those that dont want to present this as a mind-reading feat, you could
opt to do the following. Take hold of each spectators wrist in turn and slowly
move it around as you ask them to imagine tracing the shape of their animal in
their mind (try to use the observational technique above and you can get some
amazing hits by forcing their hand to draw the shape of a crocodile for example).
In this fashion it will appear as though you are reading their muscle responses to
get your information.
You may also wish to draw a striped cat, turtle, crocodile and an ostrich on a pad
without any words below them and simply display the complete drawing to everyone
asking them to take their seat if they see the drawing they had in mind.
As mentioned above, should anyone remain standing then you are in an ideal position
to use them for any subsequent effect.

Petes commentary
As you can see Michaels thinking is on top form, this type of routine is something
that is a solid and straight forward and doesnt require an addition. The ending
of the routine with Noahs ark I personally think is a stroke of genius and the
first time this was performed on me I couldnt help but laugh for about a minute
and say yes!
The next contribution is from Pablo Amira, as with all of Pablos ideas they are
practical and performance based I really like his Preacher principle and I am
happy he has shared it here. For more of Pablos ideas - http://www.amirasideas.com/

Simple Stage Duplication Pablo Amira

Outer Reality
A participant is invited to the stage to experience mind-to-mind communication. He
receives a pad and a marker to make a simple drawing and place it inside an
Now the performer can start to duplicate his actions, finishing with a very similar
drawing, proving that mind-to-mind communication was create Inner Reality
This is one of the most direct approached to a stage drawing duplication that you
can do. It does not use expensive gimmicks, just materials that you can find in any
The core method is very simple. Get two vinyl folder big enough to keep your pads
and gimmick one of them as in Annemanns Window Envelope (photo 1 and 2)
(photo 1) (photo 2)
I just modify the folder so it works like a flapless envelope. Then I add a little
bit of electric tape on the sides and I have sturdy envelope/folder in which my
participant can place his drawing.
The routining goes as follows. You need two pads, two pens and your two folders,
one of them with that window (dont worry about the cut, nobody will see it, just
you, hopefully)
Ask the participant to draw a simple design/drawing. While this happens talk to
the audience! Dont wait like a unprepared performer. Study those moments.
Then ask the participant to place his pad face down and to place his drawing inside
the folder so it becomes a surprise for the end (an indirect manner to communicate
keep it private)
Then in the action of placing the folder on a table or a chair, you will casually
lift it a little bit and do your secret peek. You can also write something on the
front of the folder so, while you gesture towards that writing, you get your peek
(I dont find it necessary really)
Now comes the duplication part. This is part of the interesting and entertaining
process, so make it an experience for them. Dont rush it and enjoy! (for this you
can study Uri Geller and other great of Mentalism)
Then give the participant your pad, reveal his from the folder, show it to him
(getting the first reaction) and then get your applause from the audience, with a
nice posture of yourself holding both drawings.
Simple and direct (and cheap) method for drawing duplication for stage.
You can use a big envelope of course, but I prefer the vinyl material.
Symbolic Audience Duplication Pablo Amira
Outer Reality
The performer asks the audience to close their eyes and to visualize in his mind a
simple drawing, a design. Now the mysterious man explains that this drawings,
symbol and designs are subconscious projections and he will try to get some of them
Incredibly enough, the performer can reveal some of them, getting confirmation
from the audience. Now a member of the audience is asked to join the stage, go to
the back and to draw the image
The performer takes a pad and in a mysterious manner, while the participant makes
his drawing, duplicates the actions and thoughts from him, finishing with a strange
moment of a drawing duplication.

Inner Reality
This routine is diabolical in my opinion and uses a principle that I call the
Preacher Principle plus inspiration from Kenton Knepper-Indirect Drawing
Duplication and Dunninger.
First, lets see a basic explanation of my Preacher Principle. I realize years ago
an interesting social dynamic happens in any type of church in which at one moment
everyone close their eyes.
Normally while the preacher makes a call to follow Jesus (in a Christian church
of course), while everyone had their eyes close, he started to say Yes, thanks for
your raise hand. Ok, other onethanks God
So because we have our eyes closed, everyone assumes that this action is real. So
based in this psychological assumption and social dynamic, I realize that this can
be also applied to Mentalism (maybe a little bit of a heresy, but it works)
So, in this context (I use it also in one of my Q&A), you will ask everyone in the
audience to close their eyes and to think in a simple drawing. Now say:
Ok, I am picking a beautiful red flowerplease the person who is thinking in this
rise your hand... Ok great.. We have one connection done
It doesnt matter if this really is a revelation or not, everyone will assume that
this is real or not. Your last line we have one connection done indirectly suggest
that you saw a hand rise!
Now that you understand the principle, you can construct your script and make some
nice revelations. After this first process, let everyone open their eyes and say:
Ok, we connect and I could see various drawings and symbols, but I didnt pick a
specific image from you (pointing to a lady in the audience) please join me and
lets try something different. Please a big round of applause for her!
Now, while you are taking this lady to the stage, you will use the Dunninger Ploy
to get his thought!
A simple script such as:
What was your drawing? Tell me
will do the work with proper confidence and no guilt. She doesnt know what you
will do, so ask and continue your routine.
Now that you know her thought, add:
The interesting thing is that we will do something different. I told you before
that drawings are symbolic, right? Projects part of our subconscious. I will try to
understand your subconscious.
Take this pad and draw that image that you have in mind. In an hypotethical case
that you are thinking of a ladder, you can draw a wooden ladder or a mechanic
ladder, is your choice, and every choice will say something from you
As you can see, through our communicative skills we will setup the dual reality
aspect that allows the participant to experience a drawing representation of the
word that she told you moments ago, but for the audience will be a true miracle of
a thought interpretation!
Also you can realize of the power of the word hypothetically in the script, that
again, allows us to create the dual reality.
Now place your participant behind you and instruct her to start to draw her mental
image. You will do the same while she is doing it but giving your back to the
audience while you draw
WHAT, your back!
Bad theater!?
Well... break the rules and try it for yourself. It is an interesting type of staging
that can give good drama to your performance.
Now obviously at this stage you will not get an exact drawing duplication, but this
is good because it gives credibility to the performance and also will allow you to
take chances and use your real intuition to create this effect.
Take her pad, look it yourself, show her you pad and conclude with the applause
cue showing both drawings.
The next contribution is from a friend of mine that has never released an idea to
the community before This is Mijs first release and I am happy to be able to
host that contribution here. He is a super smart guy and flew into Holland to hang
out with me during the process of writing this volume.
I know you are going to love his work, his Wonderland principle is something that
he is working on currently and I guarantee when he has finished it is something
you will want to add to your repertoire.
I hope you love his contribution.

Double D Mijrin Al Hajri

Firstly I want to say that it is an honour and pleasure to be included
in this instalment to Peters wonderful set of mentalism PDFs. I have
been a fan of Petes since I first watched him in his Penguin Live
lecture years ago, so having the opportunity to be included in this
course means the world to me. I am currently sat in an airport in
Amsterdam drinking a coffee which I am pretty sure is the only thing
that is keeping me up at this hour of the morning so when I was asked
by Pete to contribute to this PDF I struggled to find which effect
would suit this PDF best and I think I have found a method for a
drawing supplication effect, which you will all enjoy, especially if
you are like me, an Android user. This effect can be achieved with our
without a borrowed Android phone (I use a Samsung A5 for reference)
with that being said this method will only work for an Android device
but I believe Chris Ramsey has an effect titled i which uses an IPhone
to achieve a drawing duplication effect. I am unsure if our methods are
similar but I know that he has work on this kind of thing too.
I like to carry the bare minimum on me at all times. I carry only the
things that I need, my keys, my wallet and my phone at all times.
Occasionally I have a friend I can out run with me in case of a random
psycho bear attack. With that being said, I also like to perform mostly
propless mentalism and if the effect needs a prop well then I try and
find a method or adapt another to fit within one of the 3 everyday
items I carry. So why use a phone instead of a billet you ask? Well,
billets to me and the demographic that I perform to be strange things
to carry around with me, I am at university, so using a phone as a form
of billet works out best for me. And this is how we are going to achieve
this effect. We are going to have our participant select an image online
and we are going to peak the image by navigating around the apps on
the phone. This is achieved through the recently used apps log on the
Android devices. Most of the devices have a button to the bottom left
of the phone which leads you directly to this log if you tap it while
the phone is unlocked. I have included still images to guide you through
this process to insure that you will be performing this effect within
moments of reading the methods. I have also included a method for
drawing a thought of friend and then being able to reveal the thought
of friends name with little extra work.

The Basic Effect, version 1:

A spectator is asked to select and view an image online using a phone
and then asked to draw this image in their mind. The performer is then
able to duplicate the drawing with almost pin point accuracy.
You will need a pen, a pad and a mobile phone with access to the
internet to perform this effect.

The Method:
Please note that the method is more or less the same for all three
variation of the effect, so please familiarise yourself with this first
method to insure you understand the other variations while reading this
To perform this you will need a minimal amount of set up, this set up
is optional however. The setup is like so, you will want your pen in a
pocket that you can easily reach along with a small drawing pad that
you can get to easily. If I am at University I usually have a bag with
these items in them already. Next you will want to open the phone you
are going to use, be it your own phone or theirs. You will want to
unlock the phone and from the home screen press the bottom left button
which should bring up the recently used apps. Clear the history if you
are using your own device but do not clear the history if you are using
their device. The reason for this is that if they check the recently
used apps page then it will tip the method, which is why its safe for
you to use your own phone. It should be noted that this set up can be
done under the spectators nose while you are performing of have just
performed another effect such as directly after a pin unlock effect.
To start this effect out are going to want them to go into their phone
and select an image online, this can of course be anything however I
would recommend having them select a simple image as you might not be
able to draw everything they might select. Once they have an image ask
them to hit the home button and hand back the phone. Now that you have
the phone you are going to grip the phone in your right hand with
enough room so that your pinkie finger can reach around and tap the
recently used apps button as in fig 1.

Fig 1. The Pinkie Tap Grip.

You have now gained access to part of the drawing without your
thumbs ever leaving their sight as shown in fig 2.
Fig 2. Partial Peak

You will now want to transfer the phone from one hand to another and
just before you take the phone with your left hand you are going to
want to tap the picture with your left thumb to reveal the full picture
as in fig 3.
Fig 3. Full Peak
Now that you have the full image in mind you are going to hold the
device at the bottom of the phone at the finger tips and press the home
button at the same time so that you back track anything you have done.
Fig 4 should show you the correct position. Wait for the home page to
load again and once you have handed the phone back to them you may
begin to reveal their drawing, although I would say that you should
not reveal it right away, a little dramatization never hurt anyone.

Fig 4. The Return Grip

The Basic Effect version 2:

A spectator is asked to select and view an image online using a phone
and then asked to draw this image in their mind. The performer is then
able to duplicate the drawing with almost pin point accuracy.
You will need a pen, a pad and your own mobile phone to perform this
effect. This variation does not require you to have an internet
For this variation you will need a bit more set up and this can only
be performed with your own device. You are going to go into your
gallery on your phone and create a new folder titled Images and fill
it with roughly 50 images downloaded from the internet. I recommend
using simple house hold images, things people would naturally be
familiar with. The reason we are going to be naming the folder Images
it fits with the theme of the gallery and thus should not arouse any
suspicion if anyone were to look at it, after all it is a regular folder.
Once this is done the method is the same as variation 1. You will however
clear your recently used apps log before starting this effect as it is
your phone and thus no one should be looking thought it after the
effect has been performed.

Bonus Effect 2 is company, 3 is a crowd

A spectator is asked to select and view an image of a friend on Facebook
using a phone and then asked to draw this image in their mind. The
performer is then able to duplicate the drawing with almost pin point
accuracy, and then reveals the name of the friend they were thinking
You will need a pen, a pad and a mobile phone with access to the
internet to perform this effect. However you could variation 2 in the
same way however just changing them with names of your friends or
some famous faces. I would perform this effect in that way as I believe
the name revelation effect is what turns this effect into a strong piece
of mentalism. I feel that this drawing duplication effect is best suited
to fit within a reading of some kind. If you have read Petes Readings
PDF then you know the power of a good reading and I feel that this
effect could be used to gain the name of a close friend adding another
hit to the reading. Again the spectator is going to have their phone
open and you are going to ask them to select and image. This time
instead of merely selecting an image you want them to go into their
Facebook app, search their close friend and then find a profile picture
they like. This is done by clicking the profile picture and swiping
through them. Once they have the image the method for peaking the
drawing is the same as the other two variations however this one has
a little extra step so that you can gain the name of the person that
they are thinking of. Once you have reached the recently used apps tab
you are going to place your thumb on the screen and pull down roughly
half way on the screen and the name should appear faded at the very
top on your screen as shown in fig 5.
Fig 5. Facebook full peak with name reveal.
Once you have the name and the face of the person they have selected
you are going to want to release the phone and go to the pinkie
returning position I mentioned earlier. You now have the name and
image of the person they are drawing, I would suggest drawing the
picture as close to the picture that they have selected as you have
already asked them to burn the image in their mind.
I hope that you enjoy the drawing duplication methods I have shared
here with you today. If you have any questions please contact me via
Facebook, my information is in fig 6.
Best wishes
NightSky - Dee Christopher
A few years ago I published a method for forcing a participant to think of a
particular person in their life; for instance, their mother. This allowed you to
make a lot of educated guesses in your reading before revealing the name. Fraser
Parker independently created a similar idea a couple of years later also, in his
style. You can read both of our work on the subject in his Memoria booklet. My
work also resides in my book Deep Shadows alongside many more of my methods,
devices and routines.
These days, I dont always carry a deck of cards with me, though inside of my
wallet, I always have five ESP cards. This is one of the routines I devised with
these cards, to create something utterly different from most routines with ESP
cards. This draws influence from mine and Frasers work mentioned above, as well
as Peters work in his Wish You Were Here routine.
In this routine, you will be forcing the participant into creating a simple scene
in their mind, a scene that you will duplicate in putting pen to paper, thus creating
a duplication of a drawing that only exists in their mind. The concept is simple,
but its almost foolproof and has a built in out. You can twist the ending to make
it just about revealing the ESP symbol as a lead in to some other routines with the
The routines plays as follows:
The performer has a participant select an ESP card and create a simple scene in
their mind. With a little acting on the performers part; the scene is mysteriously
duplicated and the card is named.
We will be using a force of the STAR card to create a scene of the night sky in
the participants mind.
Lets first look at how to force the ESP card. If you use a full deck of ESP cards
in your act, youre welcome to use any playing card force of your choice. If youre
using just five cards, as I do, you can position the star in forth position in the
face down packet and deal the cards one by one to the table, relying on a timing
force. You will say words to the effect of; Im going to deal these cards to the
table, say stop whenever youd like.
Begin dealing slowly as you finish your line to ensure that they cant stop you on
the first card you deal. If they stop you on the second card you deal, you will
perform a double lift (the third and fourth card in the stack remaining in your
hand) as you turn your head away so they see the card and you do not. If they stop
you on the third card, you will turn your head and just hand them the fourth card
to look at. If they stop you after you deal the fourth card to the table, you just
turn your head and ask them to look at the top card on the table (fourth card) and
finally if they stop you as you deal
the last card, pick up the entire stack and double lift as you turn your head away
to show them the star.
Once theyve noted the card, they can shuffle it back in to the stack and you will
say words to the effect of the following; Im going to have you create a scene in
your mind, based on whatever symbol you are thinking of. For instance, if youre
thinking of the circle, you might see that as the sun in the sky, shining over a
field. Take a second now, take a deep breath and allow a scene to form in your
This simple piece of script leads them towards thinking of a night sky. Just follow
your own instructions as you draw a few dots on the paper, gradually making them
into stars, a crescent moon and draw a horizon line below these. Make this line a
bit wobbly i.e. not perfectly straight.
This could be seen as land or sea. I also draw a small vertical line to the right
which could be seen as a tree, a lighthouse, the mast of a boat, or whatever else
you can think of!
Once Ive completed my primitive drawing, Ill ask them to describe their scene.
More often than not, youll be spot on. If you can direct their attention to the
horizon line, and the tree line to represent any details, youre winning. You can
leave it there, or move on to reveal the symbol if you wish.
Again, a very simple concept, but a way to really switch up your work with ESP
cards and easily create a pretty solid drawing duplication without the need for
any peeks or impression devices.

Petes commentary
The one thing I love about this routine is the simplicity, a lot of us make things
more difficult than they have to be and a lot of the time the performance is the
only thing we need to focus upon to make a routine special.
This routine uses linking thoughts to get to an outcome and any routine like this
I love (as you will have noticed the amount of uses of it in this volume several
times). There are couple of things (not related to drawing duplications) that one
might consider if you wanted a non-mechanical solution to the force of one of the
symbols and also a way to make this (almost) guaranteed psychologically no matter
what symbol they choose.
Before we look at that, this is just for those that are interested in psychologically
forcing the star. I really dont know who to credit for this force, its source seems
to be unknown but not the less dont overlook how simple it is.
Performer: I want you to quickly look at these symbols and decide to yourself
which is your favourite out of the entire group. When you have one in mind just
keep repeating it jut in your head over and over again.
This will usually force the star symbol If it is men I have found they usually
pick the waves.
When I thought about Dees routine, I loved the idea of tying one of these symbols
to drawings. It was simple, there was room for a good premise and it restricted
without seeming restrictive I sat for the evening and thought about the routine
and after a whisky or three I created this sub routine that is purely psychological.
Try this,
Think of one of the E.S.P symbols Have you got one in mind?
Imagine taking whatever design you are thinking of and changing it into a drawing,
go with your instincts. Do have a drawing in mind?
Is it one of these?
Starry sky
Smiley face
The ocean or sea
The idea hit me that instead of trying to force one of the symbols mechanically
or psychologically why not just think of drawings for each of the symbols and
then ask a couple of clever questions in which the participant says nothing out
loud and know what drawing they are thinking of. That way I had the leniency of
them changing their mind and at the same time the restriction was still almost the
same. I always find with mentalism that involves the force of a card or a mechanical
move with cards its often easier to re-adjust verbally.
Let me give you an example (this is a mini tangent I promise) lets say I am using
a stop force and the participant is one card out from where I need them to be. I
can employ a second deal, a strike change, a double lift, a top change and all of
these will utilize a mechanical move. Lets for example sake say it was the
participant that was dealing They are holding the deck. You then have to take
the deck and apply the mechanics.
I would simply say as I see them stop,
Performer: Do you want to deal one for luck?
This is a very old Irish line that refers to drinking they used to say the
aforementioned line and One for the road I have found that 8 out of 10 times
the person will deal one more card. A lot of people whether suppositious or not
believe in luck and something just resonates with them.
This ensures that I need never touch the cards, what do I do if they dont deal one
more card?
I utilize one of the mechanical options listed above.
I opened myself up and opportunity that never existed before by using words, we
cant physically see words and therefore when this option pays-off there is no
visual compromise.
The real lesson here is to take a look at whether there is room to budge verbally
in a safe way and then apply it if there is.
In Dees routine I think there is a lot of room for it,
I would set the premise up at thus,
Performer: I would like to try a simple experiment, in the 1940s there was a test
in which a professor named Rhine would test for psychic phenomenon by a range of
people from a range of demographics and test to see how well they were at
transmitting imagery telepathically.
The results of the experiment after being placed under strenuous test conditions
were poor to say the least. They arrived at the conclusion that you would have
more luck by just guessing and that forcefully trying to make educated guesses
hindered even the probability of guesswork.
I think I know why the results were so poor.
They spent so much time focusing on the semantics of the experiment that they
forgot several important factors.
A brain I have found is a lot like a mobile telephone in the sense that one person
needs to decide to communicate with the other and the other needs to be open to
receiving the communication. If both people are trying to call each other at the
same time the call cannot get through and likewise if each person is waiting for
the other person to call the call will never take place.
To simply that, you have to find two people that are communicable One person
transmits information and the other person has to be open to receiving it. I
honestly dont think they spent the time testing which participants had which
Another thing that was lacking in the experiment was engaging the brain enough
to operate on a level that it would be willing to transmit the information. Here
are the designs that Rhine used in the experiment, he said that he purposefully
made them bland so that they were not distracting.
The performer displays each of the cards.
Performer: I can feel that you are better at transmitting information, much better
than I am, as I read people so, if you can send information and I can receive it
then lets see if we cant recreate a similar test and see if we get better results.
I want you to think of one of these designs, when you have a design in mind think
of the first drawing that comes into your head whilst thinking of that design. Let
the imagery flow, this way you it takes it away from these bland designs and you
are thinking of something your brain created itself.
The participant will naturally confirm when they have done this.
They should at this point be thinking of
A starry sky
Smily face
The sea/ocean
This I where you need to apply some clever questioning in order to ascertain the
thing that they are thinking about.
Performer: In your head, say the drawing over and over again. Imagine my brain
is having a conversation with yours and it is asking what the drawing is. I want
you to imagine this drawing comes to life it is physical.
Can you imagine touching this thing and imagine what this thing actually feels
like for me?
This is where you need to gauge the participants reaction.
If you notice they look like they are struggling to do this in anyway shape or
form you now know that they are thinking of the Star. If there is any deliberation
at all you will know it is the star as it is something they have never physically
touched and therefore they will have a hard time imagining it.
The rest of the things on the list they will be able to imagine touching and
therefore it shouldnt take them long to imagine touching it. I have noticed from
experience that the cross is the least chosen design of the group as people find it
difficult to think of anything to draw when thinking of the cross.
So I tend not to focus on that but keep it in the back of my mind just in case.
So left we have
Smiley face
The sea
Stick man
Lets take a look at these and focus on the commonalities that exist between most
of them, as we are going to indirectly via pumping ask questions to the participant
and then we should be able to identify the exact image that they created in their
The closest commonality is that three of them have a human element to them. The
house the stickman and the smiley face all have a human element You are to
simply pump for this do not ask.
Performer: I am feeling the drawing you are thinking of almost has a human-esque
element to it.
They will confirm it if it is and give you a confused or stern type of look if
not. Then you counter with What I mean by that is I am feeling a sense of
movement and beauty that attracts humans and inspires them, this has been the focal
point of a lot of paintings already I feel.
If you get the confused look or stern face and have to use this statement the
likeliness is that they are thinking of the see and you know exactly what it is.
If they confirm that it does have a human-esque element you are down to.
The quickness of the reaction when asked the previous question should quickly
separate whether they are thinking of a house or the stickman/ smiley face. I am
confident enough to go for it at this point and know with almost certainty if it
is the house or not. You shouldnt need to go past this point trust me you will know
via the participants reaction.
You could pump one more time if you really wanted and say something like This is
where things get a little bit confusing as sometimes it is difficult for me to
translate specific thoughts. This thing is outside right now isnt it?
If you get a yes at this point you know it is the house and you can then move into
duping it - If you see the participant does not instantly react with a yes quickly
say In-fact look at me, concentrate.
You essentially cut the participant up from saying no and verbalizing the miss.
This is a technique that requires timing, I call this technique Muting. It
essentially prevents them from ever verbalizing the miss so to the audience they
never hear a miss and at the same time when you cut the participant up, they will
always assume when you hit the drawing that you changed your mind at the last
second and therefore will never see it as a miss.
This technique has become a staple in my work, I notice when people are about to
say yes or no and then I can quickly counter by changing direction before they
have verbalized it.
I think it is probably one of my favorite techniques.
You are now free to duplicate the drawing in any way that you choose. As you can
see this routine is simplicity at its best but it hits hard, the reason being is even
though it starts with a controlled 1-5 in the end the participant will always
imagine that their choice would have been vast and certainly not just a 1-5 choice.
I think we are the only people (performers) that focus on things in terms of 1-5,
lay audiences dont think in such ways. To someone who wants to believe something
as small as a one to five gives them all the proof that they need.
The final contribution is from Ross Taylor, Ross is quickly establishing himself
in the mentalism community. His ideas are fresh and interesting and he has an
innate interest psychological methodology If you have not seen any of Ross work
and this is your first introduction to it I would suggest looking into it.

This is a simple force of a drawing from my book Ecrof. If called upon to
perform when unprepared, Ill often use this force and have the spectator produce
the drawing on a napkin or on their hand. I like the aesthetic of presenting two
drawings side by side, and thus have no problem with classical methods applied to
this effect, so the occasions on which I use this are those when the available
writing materials are not conducive to my own physical techniques; I do also use
it on occasion to reveal a purely thought of drawing, but for me the visual
feature of the affect is what makes it so appealing, so this is a rare occurrence.

The scripting that follows is a slightly edited and expanded form of the
original description in ECROF, further details of which can be found on my
Id like you to think of a simple shape for me. Now change your mind. And again.
And again. And again. Perfect.

This part of the script forces the spectator away from a circle, as they will
think of this within the first three choices. By going beyond this, therefore, we
ensure theyre on a straight-edged shape.

To really make sure were exploring every option: if youre thinking of a

straight-edged shape, switch to a curved shape. A curved shape, switch to a
straight-edged shape. [snap] So this could clearly be any shape or symbol at this
point, I dont know if youve gone for a geometric shape or a more intricate
symbol this is completely random

This script makes use of a principle I refer to as The Mirror Principle, to

restrict a spectators choice whilst apparently expanding it, by having them
change their mind across a polarity we create. Because we control them to think
of a straight edged shape initially, theyll now be on either a circle or a semi-
circle (Ive never had an oval). Were now going to have them generate a picture
from this shape.

Id like you to create a simple drawing out of this, by adding a few lines in or
around it. [circular gesture with hands]. Just get something in your head, now

A few lines in it will clearly lead to a smiley face if theyre thinking of a

circle. A few around has a good chance of leading to a more Cheshire Cat-style
grin if theyre thinking of a semi-circle (although admittedly this is closer to
70% than the 85% Id expect for the circle figures which, Ill admit, I have to
some extent plucked out of my arse. However, they are based on estimations made
from experience.)

This effect is a little gutsy, but builds on pre-existing psychological force

images. This makes it quite reliable. I have missed on this. Worst case, you draw
an image close to the spectators in general shape/outline. An out I have used is
to draw a smiley face inside a sun, as with the end of the Teletubbies; this can
be interpreted either way and accounts for two of the most popular images. It
also hits dead on from time to time, which is always nice. I for one am fine with
a close miss occasionally, especially given how fair the conditions feel. I dont
have enough of an ego to be bothered by being a little off.

The alternative is a little fishing, making general statements about the drawing
during the revelation process, to determine whether or not youve hit. The line I
use is simple:

Im feeling quite positive, does this make sense? Theres a smile on my face?

If no reaction came from this, Id transition into a classical method. A slight

reaction may lead me to go with the Sun, after elaborating about feelings of
warmth and happiness and gauging the reaction. For a quick, casual, bold effect
however, I find this quite satisfactory.

Finally, one may consider using sound reading as a confirmation of the success of
the method, as a curved line is easy to discern from a straight line even with
our back turned. Thus if we havent succeeded in our force, we are aware of this
well in advance, and have time to jazz a revelation prior to any embarrassment.

Dont be worried about the straight/round polarity being an obvious one. There are
several curved-edged shapes once we think about it. Given that the reframe
implies they could have been thinking of a more complex symbol, this will not
cause you any issues. Furthermore, once we get into the drawing, everyone forgets
the initial shape. Equally, a sort of dual reality is created, and the audience at
large is never aware of the initial shape; therefore even if theres some kind of
smart-arsed bastard in the group, the force is concealed from them. This is just
an additional layer.

I hope youve enjoyed this contribution. Id like to thank Pete for his inclusion
of my work here, its a real pleasure to be considered amongst such great company.
Im sure this will be a wonderful project, and I wish you all the best.

With love,

Ross x

Petes commentary
What I love the most about this routine and something I will be thinking about
myself is the section wherein Ross forces the participant away from the circle. I
have tried this a few times and it works!
More often than not we are too quick (myself included) to jump to saying Dont
think of a circle as I just said that and I think looking at this it has inspired
me to look at them moments in my own routines.
The tiny moments in routines are the moments that mean the most to me and I love
the fact that Ross has taken a look at a detail it seems a lot of us have over
Final thoughts
This brings us to the end of the drawing duplication volume.
I hope you appreciate that we have not just tried to jump straight to having a
participant draw something and peeking it. It is beautiful (for me at least) to see
people thinking outside the box to create drawing duplications.
As you can see this pdf entails a lot of different ways to actually do this for
real. It is a mix of psychic, psychology and methodology.
Please think about the ideas shared in here carefully, they may seem very simple
but the reactions you will get from these drawing duplications are massive. The
methods littered throughout this volume enable you to create miracles.
Dont just look at these approaches to drawing duplications, go back over the classic
texts and take a look at the interesting ways in which drawing duplications were
employed in the past to inspire how you think about them today.
With that, thanks for reading.
Pete x
The End