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Class X Mathematics

Chapter-08 Trigonometry (Exercise 8.3)

Answers

1. Solution:
sin18 sin ( 90 72 ) cos 72
(i) = = =1
cos 72 cos 72 cos 72
tan 26 tan ( 90 64 ) cot 64
(ii) = = =1
cot 64 cot 64 cot 64
(iii) cos 48 sin 42 = cos ( 90 42 ) sin 42 = sin 42 sin 42 = 0

(iv) cos ec31 sec59 = cos ec ( 90 59 ) sec 59 = sec59 sec59 =0

2. (i) L.H.S. tan 48 tan 23 tan 42 tan 67


= tan ( 90 42 ) tan ( 90 67 ) tan 42 tan 67 = cot 42 cot 67 tan 42 tan 67
1 1
= . .tan 42.tan 67 = 1 = R.H.S.
tan 42 tan 67
(ii) R.H.S. cos 38 cos 52 sin 38 sin 52
= cos ( 90 52 ) .cos ( 90 38 ) sin 38.sin 52
= sin 52 sin 38 sin 38 sin 52 = 0 = R.H.S.

3. Given: tan 2 A = cot ( A 18 )


cot ( 90 2 A ) = cot ( A 18 ) 90 2 A = A 18
2 A A = 18 90 3 A = 108
A = 36

4. Given: tan A = cot B


cot ( 90 A ) = cot B 90 A = B
A + B = 90

5. Given: sec 4 A = cos ec ( A 20 )


cos ec ( 90 4 A ) = cos ec ( A 20 ) 90 4 A = A 20
4 A A = 20 90 5 A = 110
A = 22

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6. Given: A, B and C are interior angles of a ABC.
A+B+C
A + B + C = 180 = 90
2
B+C A B + C A
= 90 sin = sin 90
2 2 2 2
B + C A
sin = cos
2 2

7. sin 67 + cos 75 = sin ( 90 23 ) + cos ( 90 15 ) = cos 23 + sin15

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