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Functional Requirements
o Definition 4
o Classification of Hotels 4
o Space Requirements 4
o Design & Planning Considerations 5
o Categories of Hotel 22
o Front of House 23
o Back of House 24
o Functional Relationships 25
o Examples of Hotels 35

Legal Requirements 38
Safety Requirements 48
References 54


Hotel a building, edifice or premises or a completely independent part thereof, which is used for the
regular reception, accommodation or lodging of travelers and tourist and the provision of services
incidental thereto for a fee. (Hotel Code of the Philippines)
It is a commercial establishment offering lodging to travelers and sometimes to permanent residents,
and often having restaurants, meeting rooms, stores, etc., that are available to the general public.
Classification of Hotels:
a. De Luxe Class
b. First Class
c. Standard Class
d. Economy Class
Space Requirements
1. Guest Rooms
a. Standard Rooms
b. Suite
*all with bathrooms
2. Front Office/Reception
a. Lounge
b. Foreign Exchange Counter
c. Mailing Facilities
d. Left-Luggage Room
e. Stairs and Elevator
3. Housekeeping
a. Laundry Room
b. Storage Room
4. Restaurants and Bars
a. Dining Room
b. Bar
c. Kitchen
d. Storage Area
e. Receiving Area
5. Recreational Facilities
a. Swimming Pool
b. Tennis/Golf/Squash/Gym Facilities
c. Spa
6. Live Entertainment
7. Technical Areas
a. Mechanical Room
b. Electrical Room
c. Utility Room
d. Public Address System

8. General Facilities
a. Roof Garden/Common Terrace
b. Parking Area
c. Function and conference Facilities
d. Shops
Barber Shop
Travel Agency
Beauty Parlor
Sundries Shop
e. Security Room
f. Clinic
9. Employee Facilities
a. Staff Locker Room
b. Changing Room
c. Staff Showers and Toilets
d. Personnel Offices
e. Staff Canteen
f. Administration (adjacent to Front Desk)
Personnel and Engineers Offices
Design and Planning Considerations
Space allocation
Typical allocations of the total built space are indicated for hotels of 1-star (budget) to 5-star (deluxe)
classification. With increasing sophistication, guest room areas become larger and a greater proportion
of space is allocated to public and back-of house facilities. The latter will depend on the scope for
attracting non-residential custom, functions and conventions as well as the extent of services
contracted out (particularly laundry, central food preparation, and maintenance). A more detailed
analysis of space in two types of hotel illustrates the range of facilities provided. These will vary with
each site and particular requirements.

The total sq. ft. area for the guest room block varies between 65-75% of the total floor area of the
hotel .The net guest room area included living space, bath room and water closet as follows-
Budget category hotel: 200-275 sq. ft.
Standard hotel: 275-325 sq. ft.
First Class hotel: 325-375 sq. ft.
Luxury hotel: 375-450 sq. ft.
To determine the total area of the guest room block including corridor, elevators, stairways, storage
generally add 50% of the net guest room area.
The minimum finish width of the corridor on guestroom floor is usually 6 ft. which may be reduced to 5
Ft. if guest room doors are opening inside.

2. PUBLIC FACILITIES (Restaurants, Spa, Lobby, Washrooms, Banquets, Conference Halls,
Lounge etc.)
The amount of space allocated to the various public facilities will fluctuate. It varies between 10 to
20% of the total floor area of the entire hotel
It varies between 2 to 6 % of the total floor area of the hotel. Main lobby (for the circulation and
movement of guest) is 7 to 10sq. ft. /guestroom
*Seating area- 0.7 to 1 sq. ft. / guestroom
* Front Desk- 3 to 4 sq. ft. / guestroom
* Left Luggage Room- 0.5 to 1 sq. ft. / guestroom
*Public washrooms 0.5 to 1 sq. ft. / guestroom for gents and ladies.
b). Retail Shop
A gift/ sundry shop is included with 1 to 1.5 sq. ft./guestroom. The size of the outlet can range from
100 to 1200 sq. ft. depending on whether they are desk operations or regular shop.
(Desk Operations-table space to carry out tasks like airline ticketing, car rentals, and tourist guides
etc.)The scope is dependent on market requirement.
c). Dining Room and lawn
Varies between 4 to 6% of the total floor area of the hotel
Coffee shop- 15 to 18 sq. ft./ seat
Specialty Restaurant-18 to 20 sq. ft./ seat
Formal dining- 20 to 22 sq. ft./ seat
Cocktail lawn- 15 to 18 sq. ft./ seat
d). Function space
can range from none to substantial depending on market requirement.
-When meeting space included it varies between 1 to 2 meeting seat/ guestroom,
-Function space could be of various nature
* Ball room- 10 to 12 sq. ft./ seat
* Conference / Meeting room- 10 to 12 sq. ft./ seat
* Board room- 12 to 16 sq. ft./ seat
*Public washroom- 0.4 to 0.6 sq. ft./ seat
Pre function area 25 to 40 % of the meeting room area

e). Recreational Facility
-Can range from none to extensive depending on market requirement
* Swimming pool- 10 -20 sq ft./ guest room.
* Locker/Shower/Toilet Area- 02 sq ft./ guest room
* Health Club- 02 sq ft./ guest room
*Greenery required- 1500 sq. ft. lump sum
* Circulation Area- It varies from 15 to 20 % of the total public area (excluding meeting room area as it
is already considered under pre function area)


These are required to run the public facilities-
Ex Swimming Pool- Filtration Plant and Pump house is support facility
Restaurant- Kitchen is support
The amount of space allocated here varies between 10 to 15 % of the total floor area of the hotel
which depends upon the public facilities provided by the hotel.
a. Food Preparation
Coffee shop kitchen: 10 to 25% of the coffee shop area
Main dining room kitchen (Any specialty restaurant): 30 to 45% of the specialty restaurant area.
Banquet kitchen (formal dining): 20 to 30% of the meeting room area.
Room Service: 01 sq ft/ guestroom
F&B Storage area (dry fruits, liquor etc.): 35 to 40 % of kitchen space.
b. Receiving
Receiving office-0 .3 to 0.5 sq ft/guestroom
Receiving platform- 100 to 250 sq ft

c. Hotel Employee facilities

Locker/ restrooms- 06 to 10 sq. ft/ guestroom
Cafeteria- 04 sq ft/ employee
Lounge- 01 sq ft/ guestroom

d. Housekeeping
Laundry- 07 sq ft. / guest room
Linen storage (not on the guest floor) 03 sq ft./ guest room
Guest Laundry (receive and dispatch area) 0.8 to 1.5 sq ft./ guest room
Uniform Issuing- 01 sq ft. / guest room

e. Other storage areas, Maintenance and MISCELLANEOUS

Hotel general storage- 03 to 07 sq ft./ guest room
Meeting room storage- 01 to 1.5 sq ft./ seat OR 10 to 20% of meeting room area
Miscellaneous storage (Garbage, empty bottles, cans etc.)- 01 to 1.8 sq ft./ guest room
Telephone switch board and equipment- 1.3 to 02 sq ft./ guest room
Computer room (Main server along with battery backup)- 01 to 1.5 sq ft./ guest room
Mechanical, Electrical and Air handling rooms and systems- 13 to 18 sq ft./ guest room .
Maintenance workshop- 05 sq ft./ guest room
Security- 0.3 to 0.6 sq ft./ guest room
Circulation- 10% of the total area for support facilities and services

Can range between 01 to 02 % of the total floor area of the hotel
It includes the Executive Offices as well as Sales, Accounting Personnel and any other admin
support offices.
A total of 10 sq ft./ guest room is allocated for this category.

Guest Rooms
Internal room dimensions are dictated by the market requirements, standards of hotel, number and
sizes of beds and furniture. Twin beds (1000x2000mm) or one double (1500x2000mm, for single or
double occupancy) are most common, with queen size (1650x2000mm), king size (2000x2000mm) or
double used in higher grade hotels, particularly in America. In studio rooms, a convertible settee
provides a third bed for family use.
Floor-to-ceiling heights are usually 2.5 m (minimum 2.3m), lowered to 2.0m in the room lobby to allow
for mechanical services. The most critical plan dimension is room width: 3.6m (12ft) is efficient, a owing
a wardrobe in the lobby and furniture along the party wall. With staggered wardrobes and minimum

space, width can be reduced to 3.4mm. For a narrow frontage, the minimum room width is 3.0m.
Increased room width allows more spacious impression and alternative bed and bathroom layouts.
Room length is usually more flexible and may extend to a balcony or angled window for directional
view. Executive rooms have a workstation/lounge near the window. Larger and multi-room suites are
usually limited to corner areas and the top residential floor, where changes in the module are practical.

Generic block plan forms

a. minimum dressing table unit

b. combined unit: firmly cantilevered to

facilitate cleaning or frame supported;
durable, scratch/stain proof surfaces with
back upstand; balanced wall lighting

c. bed head with side table (may be

splayed far bed movement): telephone,
radio and lighting controls installed;
individual reading lamps

En suite bathrooms

Bathrooms are mainly sited on interior walls, using mechanical ventilation. For minimum building width,
bathrooms may be one behind the other between rooms. Luxury bathrooms or economy shower rooms
may be against external walls. Adjacent pairs of rooms are arranged mirror image to share common
vertical ducts and isolate bathroom noise transmission.
Typical fitments: 1500mm bath, with grab bars, shower spray, retractable clothes line and
curtain/screen; WC and washbasin. High-grade hotels use 1700mm bath, twin basins set in vanity
surrounds, WC and bidet. Luxury units include separate dressing area and shower. Safety
considerations are critical.
Requirements: non-slip, drained surfaces; tiled walls; acoustic ceiling; mirror over basin; screened,
moisture-proof lighting; panel access to services; controlled warmed air inflow/extraction; mixer valve
and thermostat control of hot water; shelf space, towel racks, toilet roll holder, coat hanger, electric
shaver point, lidded waste bin, tissue dispenser, toiletry tray/basket. In higher grade hotels: telephone,
music relay.

Resident circulations
Gross residential areas add circulation and floor service spaces to the net room areas (see 13). Gross
factors can range from less than 5% for chalet and lodge type buildings with external entrances, through
20-30% for double-loaded central corridors accessed by lifts and stairs, up to 3545% for single-loaded
side corridors and tower buildings.
As a rule emergency stairs must be sited at or near the ends of each corridor. Lengths of corridors are
limited by travel distances to protected fire escape stairs as specified in local codes. For corridors with
sprinkler systems and fire exits at/near opposite ends allowing two directions of escape, maximum
distances usually range from 45 to 60m (with smoke doors at 30m). Dead-end corridors with one exit
are limited to 7.6m and travel distances within suites of rooms to 9m.

Apart from atrium scenic lifts, guest lifts are best located off the main lobby within control of the front
desk. Guest and service lifts, normally in the ratio 2:1, 3:2 or 4:3, are often sited back to back for
economy, the service lifts rising from back-of house areas and opening into a separated service lobby
on each floor (see 3,14). Large and high-grade hotels often require specific provision for luggage

Typical reception desk for 300-400 rooms: four to five stations with reception, cashier and
information sections; central stations are flexible for check-ID cash-out to allow for peak
arrival/departure flows; working heights are for standing; writing tops 300-400 mm wide;
concierge desk may be sited separately; key and message rack may be sited behind the counter,
but preferably screened (Fred Lawson)

Circulation diagram showing desirable relationships, not intending to imply any

particular layout

The main entrance must be conspicuous and attractive. Forecourt space should allow for: pedestrians;
persons alighting from vehicles, vehicles waiting and passing without hazard; coach waiting and
baggage storage for large tourist groups. Revolving doors or a draught lobby with automatic doors are
used in larger hotels. Alternative baggage entrance, disabled access and fire escape routes need to be

Car parking space depends on the location, transport modes and the availability of public parking close
by. Motor, suburban and airport hotels typically provide 1.1 spaces/room, city-center hotels 0.3
spaces/room plus 0.2 spaces/convention or banqueting seat. Resort hotels used by tour groups may
require less than 0.2 spaces/room plus coach waiting areas.
The main lobby is the hub of circulation, a place for assembly, waiting, registration, account settling
and information services. Ranging from high-grade city hotels (about l.0m2 per room), often spectacular
in design, to budget designs (about 0.3m2 per room or less), the lobby includes a front desk, lounge-
waiting area, public telephones, cloakrooms and facilities for luggage handling and safe deposit. In
larger hotels, this may extend to individual or arcades of shops, concierge, currency changing,
telephone exchange, bell-captain, group registration and other services.
The front desk is set back at least 1.2m from circulation routes and is supported by a front office.
Planned around 1.5-1.8m vdu workstations, it has reception, cashier and information (concierge)
sections and is adjacent to the telephone switchboard, meter and alarm indicator panels. Working
space behind the desk: 1.2-1.5m. Desk lengths: 50 rooms, 3m; 100/150 rooms, 4.5m; 200/250 rooms,
7.5m; 300/400 rooms, 10.5m. A separate area for convention reception/information may be required.

Compact arrangement for front desk and office for 300 room hotel: executive offices on
another floor; first aid room located nearby; separate computer room; located within clear view
of main entrance; set back 1.2-2.0m from main circulation, on route to guest rooms and lifts
(Fred Lawson)

More than one food outlet is offered by high-grade hotels, typically designed as the main restaurant, a
coffee shop, theme, ethnic or specialty restaurant and a cafe-bar for more casual day or leisure area
use. The largest restaurant or coffee shop is adapted for more concentrated breakfast service. Usually
the public facilities include a sophisticated cocktail bar, adjacent to the main restaurants, and a separate
main bar designed to create social interest. Refreshments are also served in the lobby lounge.
The ratio of covers (seats) provided per room depends on the extent of non-residential demand, group
travel and room service. As a guide: city-center hotels, 0.8-1.2 seats/room; resort hotels, 1.8-2.0 In mid-
grade hotels one restaurant with an adjacent bar is usual; in budget hotels this is usually limited to
simple continental breakfast counter service or operated independently in a separate unit. High-grade
hotels usually offer separate banquet halls and function rooms for conventions and group events. Group
access is via foyers or pre-function rooms which provide cloakroom facilities and temporary
refreshments service. Large ballrooms are usually divisible with removable sound-proof partitions. Each
of the separated areas must have its own independent access and service entrance, air-conditioning,
lighting, power, audio-visual aid services and controls.

Food service planning in a large hotel is often complex. Control 'systems for food received, in storage
and used is necessary. Main and satellite kitchens must be level with and adjacent to the restaurants
served. Transport of food to outlets on a different floor requires dedicated goods lifts. Apart from
standard continental breakfasts ordered in advance, room service is expensive and limited to high-
grade hotels. Service pantries, with basic equipment, on each floor are used in conjunction with food
prepared in the main kitchen, having access to the service lifts.

Recreational Facilities
Enclosed leisure areas range from a fitness room to a fully equipped health club with pool and spa
facilities attracting local fee members. In resorts, leisure facilities are crucial and buildings are
planned around landscaped pools and attractions.
Built area: high (urban), 1.3 m2/room; mid-grade, 0.3 m2/room; resort, 0.3-0.5 m2/room (+ large
external areas).
Collection of soiled laundry may be by trolley or chute. In small or economy hotels most laundry is
contracted out. A standard laundry room for a 200 room hotel takes up about 160mZ, plus separate
linen storage and housekeeping areas of 80m2. Requirements include ventilation giving rates of 15 to
20 air changes/hour, separate extracts from steam and dry cleaning equipment, high lighting (160
lux), moisture- and fireproof electrical systems, non-slip flooring and drainage, and storage for
Housekeeping areas are 0.4 m2/room. Separate areas may be required for sewing work, uniforms
and guest valet services.

Typical service area for 50-60 rooms/floor: note provision of pantry depends on class of hotel
and room service arrangements in kitchen; local linen store or cupboard may be required
depending on method of control

Employees per room: luxury, 1.5; high-grade, 0.8-1.0; mid-grade, 0.5-0.6; budget, 0.2-0.3.
Requirements: controlled entry with time recording; personnel offices; lockers (one per employee);
changing rooms, showers and toilets with separate facilities for men and women.
Staff canteen: to accommodate about one-third of staff numbers in shifts.
Area: luxury, 1.8 m2/room; high-mid-grade, 1.1 m2/room; budget, 0.5 m2/room.
Include the front office (located adjacent to the reception desk), executive, accounting, sales and
catering offices, and personnel and engineers offices (the last two being near the work areas). Group
administration may be largely centralized.
Area: high-grade, 1.6 m2/room; mid-grade, 1.2 m2/ room; budget, 0.4 m2/room.
Space provisions depend on the extent of workshops on site: most phased maintenance and
specialist repair work is contracted out. Technical equipment may be sited in back-of- house, on
higher technical floors, roof or ceiling mounted or/and external to the building.
Requirements in high-grade hotels: engineers offices; security office; computer rooms; meter and
switchgear room; electrical transformers; standby generators; telephone exchange equipment room;
public address system; water storage, treatment, and pumping equipment; boiler plant and calorifiers;
air-conditioning plant and coolers; swimming pool treatment plant; workshops and equipment stores.
Total built areas: high-grade, 1.8 m2/room; mid-grade, 1.2 m2/ room; budget, 0.6 m2/room.

Categories of Hotel

A 1-Star hotel provides a limited range of amenities and services, but adheres to a high standard of
facility-wide cleanliness.
A 2-Star hotel provides good accommodation and better equipped bedrooms, each with a telephone
and attached private bathroom.
A 3-Star hotel has more spacious rooms and adds high-class decorations and furnishings and color
TV. It also offers one or more bars or lounges.
A 4-Star hotel is much more comfortable and larger, and provides excellent cuisine (table d'hote and
a la carte), room service, and other amenities.
A 5-Star hotel offers most luxurious premises, widest range of guest services, as well as swimming
pool and sport and exercise facilities

Front of House
The functional departments can also be divided into front and back of house operations. In the front of
house cluster are all operational functions that have high level of guest contact and interaction. This
group consists of:
Rooms Division describes the rooms division as the nerve center for most hotels operations
and perfectly states Everything Begins with the Rooms Division since guests main purpose of
visit to a hotel is for lodging.

Sales & Marketing This department is setup to ensure the hotel maximizes the revenue
impact by ensuring they are continually filling rooms and making the most out of every
available revenue source.
Food and Beverage The main responsibilities for the food and beverage department are the
kitchen(s), restaurant(s), lounge/bar(s) and room service within a hotel establishment.

Back of House
In the back of house cluster exists all operational departments that have the least guest interaction.
These are as follows:
Human Resource Ensures every department in the hotel has enough staff with the right
personnel in the right place. HR also oversees all processes leading to recruitment and career
progression as well as establishing pay and incentives.
Engineering Foresees all repairs and running of the internal and external hotel structure and
equipment, as well as continually monitoring and inspecting various aspects of the hotel as a
preventative measure. This function is also responsible for supervising any work carried out by
external contractors and minimizing the impact on hotel guests during major renovations.
Accounting Upholds the financial responsibilities of the hotel by managing and monitoring
revenue against expenditure. Their role affects every department when acquiring equipment,
and also guests that hold a credit account with the hotel. Another duty is to process cash
revenues and control different currency intake

Functional Relationship
Four distinct types of areas are involved:
guestrooms, public areas, administration
offices and back-of-house facilities.
Relationships between these areas must
be planned to provide separation of
customer and back-of-house areas but
also allow efficient service without cross-
circulation or distraction.
Layouts depend on the location and
surroundings, the area, contours and
cost of site, plot ratios and other
planning conditions, and the required
size (number of guest rooms) and
sophistication of hotel.
Guest rooms are sited to take advantage
of the best views and orientation while
minimizing noise and disturbance. This
also applies to those public areas in
which daylight is essential: from
restaurants, small meeting rooms and
foyers or lounge areas to larger
convention halls.

Three basic arrangements for relationship of bedroom block to public

room areas.

Flow diagram for typical hotel

Typical interrelationships between rooms on hotel ground floor

Circulation and Relationship diagram

Guest Rooms

1 main lobby; 2 lobby lounge; 3 registration; 4 admin; 5 shops and agencies; 6 check
room; 7 restaurant; 8 coffee shop; 9 news stand; 10 bar/cocktail lounge; 1 1 discotheque;
12 grand ballroom; 13 meeting roam; 14 receiving kitchen; 15 main kitchen; 16 room
service; 17 kitchen; 18 mechanical;
19 snack bar; 20 main entrance; 21 convention foyer; 22 open light-well;
23 convention entrance

Example of admin offices
for a large hotel: except
for front desk,
reservations and cashier,
these may also be sited
elsewhere (e.g. on

Service area and staff accommodation
for large hotel

Relationship diagram for administration services

Relationship diagram for Technical and Catering Services

Examples of Hotels

1. Heritage Hotel-Manila
A 4-star deluxe hotel in Manila, the Heritage Hotel Manila is situated at the crossroads of
Roxas Boulevard and EDSA, Metro Manila's central and main thoroughfares.
This exceptional Manila hotel is minutes away from both international and domestic airports,
Manila Bay yacht clubs, Makati and Manila business hubs; PICC & World Trade Convention
Center, SM Mall of Asia Complex featuring the country's largest shopping mall and SMX
Convention Centre, the Philippines' biggest convention center and a new attraction in the field
of entertainment, the Mall of Asia Arena.

This hotel in Pasay, Manila is

elegantly-appointed 450 rooms
exude a soothing and
contemporary ambience
complemented with modern
abstract artworks of the renowned
visual artist Nestor Olarte

The hotel also features 12

adaptable function rooms and
special privileges for Millennium
Club guests. The Hotel dining
options comprise the Riviera Cafe and Lobby Lounge, all of which serve a range of exquisite
cuisine in Manila.

2. Hyatt Hotel and Casino Manila

Hyatt Hotel and Casino Manila is
a 5-star, deluxe landmark hotel
overlooking Manila Bay in the Malate
district of Manila in the Philippines.
Within walking distance from many of
Manila's attractions, including
historical and cultural places of
interest, the hotel is right at the heart
of Manila's business and shopping
areas. 30 minutes from Manila's
airports. The Hyatt Hotel and Casino
Manila is host to Club Oasis Spa, a
sanctuary of calm in Manila,

3. EDSA Shangri-La Hotel
Edsa Shangri-La, Manila is a
5-star luxury hotel located at
Ortigas Center, Mandaluyong,
Philippines and one of the three
hotels managed by Shangri-La
Hotels and Resorts located in
Metro Manila, Philippines. It
opened on August 28, 1992. The
hotel has 632 rooms and suites,
four international restaurants, two
lounges, a cafe, and a bakeshop,
across two wings, and is
considered a city resort.

4. Century Park Hotel

Century Park Hotel is five-star hotel located in
Manila. The hotel is part of the Lucio Tan
Group of Companies after Chinese-Filipino
businessman Lucio Tan acquired the hotel
from the Development Bank of the Philippines
(DBP) in 1985, and the lot from the city
government of Manila in 2008. Its affiliate
hotels include Charthouse Hotel in Hong Kong
and The Eton Shanghai Hotel.

5. The Peninsula Manila

The Peninsula Manila
(colloquially Manila Pen or simply
Manila Peninsula), is a 5-star
hotel in the Philippines. It is
located on the corner of Ayala
Avenue and Makati Avenue in the
Makati Central Business District.
It is located also in Barangay
Urdaneta. This hotel is part of The
Peninsula Hotels chain based in
Hong Kong and is the first hotel of
that chain outside of the Chinese


According to the Rule VII, Classification and General Requirements of all Buildings by use or
occupancy, Section 701 of National Building Code of the Philippines (NBCP):
Group B Occupancies shall be multiple dwelling units including boarding or lodging
houses, hotels, apartment buildings, row houses, convents, monasteries and other similar building
each of which accommodates more than 10 persons.

Allowable Floor Areas ( Rule VII, Section 705 of NBCP)

Maximum of sixty (60) storeys (180.00 meters) BHL for inland areas not close to airports.

Building Height Limit (BHL) by Type of Use or Occupancy (Rulle VII, Section 707 of

Minimum Required Off-Street (Off-RROW) cum On-Site Parking Slot, Parking Area and
Loading/Unloading Space Requirements by Allowed Use or Occupancy

Allowed Off-RROW/Off-Street cum Off-Site Parking Provision:
In addition to on-site cum off-RROW (off-street) parking provisions mandated under this
Rule, off-site cum off-street parking facilities may be allowed and considered part of a project
provided that such facilities specifically consist of reserved or leased parking slots within a
permanent parking building/structure and not in a vacant parking lot or parking structure/space
for a commercial development and provided further that such parking slots are located no
more than 100.00 meters away from a residential building project or are located no more than
200.00 meters away from an office or commercial building project.

For R-2, R-3, GI, C, C-2 and C-3 uses or occupancies, front yards abutting RROW are
not to be used for long-term off-street parking. Due to the very public nature of these uses
(high vehicular and pedestrian concentrations), the front yard (a transition space between the
RROW and the building/structure) shall be used exclusively for driveways, off-RROW loading
spaces, short-term off-RROW parking and landscaping (hardscape and softscape) treatment
Temporary or short-term off-street parking, particularly on driveways, shall preferably be only
for visitors to these buildings/structures.

Minimum Requirements for Total

Open Spaces within Lot (TOSL)

Minimum Setbacks for Residential Buildings/Structures

Range of Required Sidewalk and Planting Strip Widths (total at both sides of RROW) by RROW

Minimum Planting Strip Widths by RROW Width

According to the Chapter 3 of the Plumbing Code of the Philippines:
Every building where plumbing fixtures are installed shall have a sewer service connection to
a public or private sewer systems. When a Public or Private Sewer is not available for use,
excreta drainage piping from buildings and premises shall be connected to an approved
Private Sewage Disposal System.
Roofs, inner courts, vent shafts, light wells or similar areas having rainwater drains shall
discharge outside of the building or to the gutter, and shall not be connected to the soil and
waste pipe systems.
No excreta plumbing system, storm drainage system, building drain, building sewer, private
sewage disposal system or parts thereof, shall be located in any lot other than the lot where
the site of the building, structure or premises are served by such facilities.
No vent pipe shall be used as a soil or waste pipe, nor shall any soil or waste pipe be used as
a vent. Also, single drainage and venting systems with unvented branch lines are prohibited.
All valves pipes and fittings shall be installed in correct relationship to the direction of flow.
All pipings passing under or through walls shall be protected from breakage with embedded
metal pipe sleeves. All pipes passing through or under cinders or other corrosive materials
shall be protected from external corrosion by encasing same with polyethylene sheath or in
other approved manner. Approved provisions shall be made for expansions of hot water
pipings. Void between pipes and sleeves through concrete floors in the ground shall be
appropriately sealed with bitumen.
The bottom of all pipe trenches deeper than the footing of any adjacent building or structure
and parallel to it must be at least forty-five (45) degrees therefrom. Unless permission is
granted by the Administrative Authority.
No building sewer or other drainage pipings or part thereof, constructed of materials other than
that approved for use under or within the building, shall be installed under or within 0.6 meter
of any building or structure, nor less than 0 3 meter below the finish ground surface.
Tunneling and driving may be done in yard, court or driveway of any building site. Where
there is sufficient depth, tunneling may be used between open cut trench s. Tunnels shall have
a clear height of 0.6 meter above the pipe and hall be limited in length to one-half (1/2) the
depth of the trench, wd. a maximum length of 2.4 meters. When pipe is driven, the drive pole
shall be at least one pipe size larger than the pipe to be laid.
Quality of Fixtures - plumbing fixtures shall be manufactured of dense, durable, non-
absorbent materials and must have smooth impervious surfaces, free from unnecessary
concealed fouling surfaces.
Water closet bowls for public use shall be the elongated bowl types equipped with open-front
seats. Water closet seats shall be of smooth non-absorbent material and properly sized for the
water closet bowl used.
Restaurant kitchen and other special-use sinks may be made of approved-type bonderized
and galvanized sheet steel of not less than Gauge No. 16 U.S. B&S or 1.6 mm thick. All sheet
metal plumbing fixtures shall be adequately designed, constructed and braced in an approved
manner to satisfactorily accomplish the intended purposes.

Use of water closets having invisible seats or unventilated space or having walls, which are
not thoroughly washed out at each discharge, shall be prohibited. Any water closet, which
might permit siphonage of the content of the bowl back into the water tank, shall be prohibited
as well as trough urinals. Drinking fountains shall not he installed inside public toilet rooms.
Fixed wooden, concrete, cement, or tile wash trays or sinks for domestic use shall not be
installed in any building designed for human habitation. No sheet metal lined wooden bathtubs
shall be installed or reconnected. No dry or chemical closet (toilet) shall be installed in any
building for human habitation, unless first approved by the Health Officer or Administrative
Setting - fixtures shall be set level and in proper alignment with reference to adjacent walls.
No water closet or bidet shall be !1et closer than 0.315 meter from its center to any side wall or
obstruction nor closer than 0.7meter center to center to any similar fixture No urinal shall be
set closer than 0.3 meter from its center to any sidewall or partition nor closer than 0.6 meter
center to center.
Each shower receptor shall be an approved type and be constructed to have a finished dam,
curb or threshold which is at least 25.4 mm lower than the outside floor at the sides and back
of such receptor. ln no case shall any dam or threshold be less than 51 mm nor more than 228
mm in depth when measured from the top of the dam or threshold to the of the drain. The
finished floor of the receptor shall slope uniformly from the sides towards the drain not less
than 2% or 20 mm or more than 4% or 40 mm/m. Thresholds shall be of sufficient width to
accommodate a minimum 559-nun wide door.
Exception: Special shower compartments for wheelchair use may eliminate the curb or
threshold. The required slope and depth shall but maintained from the door entry to the drain
opening. The minimum distance between the door or entry to the drain opening shalt be 1.2
All shower compartments, regardless of shape, shall have a minimum finished interior area
of 0.6 square meter, and shall also be capable of encompassing a 762 mm diameter circle.
The minimum area and dimensions shall be maintained from a point above the shower drain
outlet to a height of l. 78 meters with no protrusions other than the fixture valve or valves,
shower head and safety grab bars or rails.

Minimum Plumbing Facilities

According to the Electrical Code of the Philippines:

Appliance receptacle outlets installed in dwelling unit for specific appliances, such as
laundry equipment, shall be installed within 1 800 mm of the intended location of the appliance.
In every kitchen, family room, dining room, living room, parlor, library, den, sunroom, bedroom,
recreation room, or similar room or area of dwelling units, receptacle outlets shall be
In the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, dining room, or similar area of a dwelling unit, the two or
more 20-ampere small-appliance branch circuits required by shall serve all wall and floor
receptacle outlets, all countertop outlets and receptacle outlets for refrigeration equipment.
In dwelling units, at least one receptacle outlet shall be installed in bathrooms within 900 mm
of the outside edge of each basin.
In dwelling units, at least one receptacle outlet shall be installed for the laundry.
Guest rooms or guest suites in hotels, motels, and similar occupancies shall have receptacle
outlets installed. Guest rooms or guest suites provided with permanent provisions for cooking
shall have receptacle outlets installed
Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment Outlet. A 125-volt and/or 250
volts, single-phase, 15- or 20-ampere-rated receptacle outlet shall be installed at an accessible
location for the servicing of heating, air-conditioning, and refrigeration equipment. The
receptacle shall be located on the same level and within 7 600 mm of the heating, air-
conditioning, and refrigeration equipment. The receptacle outlet shall not be connected to the
load side of the equipment disconnecting means.
In hotels, motels, or similar occupancies, guest rooms or guest suites shall have at least one
wall switchcontrolled lighting outlet installed in every habitable room and Bathroom

Exception No. 1: In other than bathrooms and kitchens where provided, one or more
receptacles controlled by a wall switch shall be permitted in lieu of lighting outlets.

Exception No. 2: Lighting outlets shall be permitted to be controlled by occupancy sensors

that are (1) in addition to wall switches or (2) located at a customary wall switch location and
equipped with a manual override that will allow the sensor to function as a wall switch

According to the Hotel Code of the Philippines:

Requirements for a De Luxe Class Hotel:

Bedroom Facilities and Furnishings
All single and double rooms shall have a floor area of not less than twenty-five (25)
square meters, inclusive of bathrooms.
There shall be one (1) suite per thirty (30) guest rooms.
All rooms must have bathrooms which shall be equipped with fittings of the highest
quality befitting a luxury hotel with 24-hour service of hot and cold running water;
Bathrooms shall be provided with bathtubs and showers
There shall be a telephone in each guest room and an extension line in the bathroom of
each suite.
There shall be a well-appointed lounge with seating facilities, the size of which is
commensurate with the size of the hotel.
There shall be a well-designed and properly equipped swimming pool.
There shall be at least one recreational facility or a tie-up with one within the
vicinity of the hotel.
There shall be a barber shop, DOT-accredited travel agency/tour counter, beauty
parlor, and sundries shop.


According to the Accessibility Law or BP 344:
The length of wheelchairs varies from 1.10 m to 1.30 m.
The width of wheelchairs is from 0.60 m to 0.75 m.
A circle of 1.50 m in diameter is a suitable guide in the planning of wheelchair turning spaces.
The comfortable reach of persons confined to wheelchairs is from 0.70 m to 1.20 m above the
floor and not less than 0.40 m from room corners. The comfortable clearance for knee and leg
space under tables for wheelchair users is 0.70 m.
Counter height shall be placed at a level comfortable to disabled persons' reach.
Architectural facilities and features:
A. Stairs
B. Walkways
C. Corridors
D. Doors and Entrances
E. Washrooms and Toilets
F. Lifts/Elevators
G. Ramps
H. Parking Areas
I. Switches, Controls, Buzzers
J. Handrails
K. Thresholds
L. Floor Finishes
M. Drinking Fountains
N. Public Telephones
O. Seating Accommodations
Group B Multiple dwelling units or high-rise residential condominiums or tenement
One (1) unit from 26 up to 50 units to be constructed and an additional unit for every
100 units thereafter, with all such units at ingress level in case there is not barrier-free elevator
Barrier-free facilities and features required in: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
Handrails shall be installed at 0.90 m and 0.70 m above steps or ramps. Handrails for
protection at great heights may be installed at 1.0 m to 1.06 m.

Signs on walls and doors should be located at a maximum height of 1.60 M. and a minimum
height of 1.40 meters.

Handrails will be provided on both sides of the ramp at 0.70 m. and 0.90 m. from the ramp
Doorknobs and other hardware should be located between 0.82m. and 1.06 m. above the
floor; 0.90 is preferred

Thresholds shall be kept to a minimum; whenever necessary, thresholds and sliding door
tracks shall have a maximum height of 25 mm and preferably ramped
Manual switches shall be positioned within 1.20 m to 1.30 m above the floor

The maximum height of water closets should be 0.45 m.; flush control should have a
maximum height of 1.20 mts
Maximum height of lavatories should be 0.80 m. with a knee recess of 0.60 - 0.70 M. vertical
clearance and a 0.50 m. depth.
Urinals should have an elongated lip or through type; the maximum height of the lip should be
0.48 m.
Elevators. Control panels and emergency system of accessible elevators shall be within reach
of a seated person; centerline heights for the topmost buttons shall be between 0.90 m to 1.20
m from the floor
Telephone booth door openings should have a minimum clear width of 0.80 m. with either
outswing, folding or sliding doors, coin slots, dialing controls, receivers and instructional signs
shall be locked at a maximum of 1.10 m. above the floor.

According to the Rule XII of NBCP:

General Requirements for Occupant Loads and Exits*

Number of Exits. Every building or usable portion thereof shall have at least one (1) exit.
In all occupancies, floors above the first storey having an occupant load of more than ten
(10) shall not have less than two (2) exits. Each mezzanine floor used for other than
storage purposes, if greater in area than 185 sq. meters or more than 18.00 meters in any
dimension, shall have at least two (2) stairways to an adjacent floor. Every storey or portion
thereof, having an occupant load of 500 to 999 shall have at least three (3) exits. Every
storey or portion thereof having an occupant load of one thousand (1000) or more shall
have at least four (4) exits.
o The number of exits required from any storey of a building shall be determined by
using the occupant loads of floors which exit through the level under consideration
as follows: 50% of the occupant load in the first adjacent storey above (and the first
adjacent storey below, when a storey below exits through the level under
consideration) and 25% of the occupant load in the storey immediately beyond the
first adjacent storey.
Width. The total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load
served divided by one hundred sixty five (165).
Arrangement of Exits. If only two (2) exits are required, they shall be placed a distance
apart to not less than one-fifth (1/5) of the perimeter of the area served measured in a
straight line between exits. Where three (3) or more exits are required, they shall be
arranged a reasonable distance apart so that if one becomes blocked, the others will be
Distance to Exits. No point in a building without a sprinkler system shall be more than
45.00 meters from an exterior exit door, a horizontal exit, exit passageway, or an enclosed
stairway, measured along the line of travel. In a building equipped with a complete
automatic fire extinguishing system, the distance from exits may be increased to 60.00
Width and Height. Every required exit doorway shall be of a size as to permit the
installation of a door not less than 900 millimeters in width and not less than 2.00 meters in

Materials and Finishes

According to the Rule IV of NBCP:
All buildings proposed for construction shall be classified according to the following types:

1. Type I - shall be of wood construction. The structural elements may be any of the materials
permitted by the Code.
2. Type II - shall be of wood construction with protective fire-resistant materials and one-hour
fire-resistive throughout, except, that permanent non-bearing partitions may use fire-retardant treated
wood within the framing assembly with one-hour resistivity.

3. Type III - shall be of masonry and wood construction. Structural elements may be any of the
materials permitted by the Code provided, that the building shall be one-hour fire-resistive throughout.
Exterior walls shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction.
4. Type IV - shall be steel, iron, concrete, or masonry construction and walls, ceiling and
permanent partitions shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction, except, that permanent
non-bearing partitions of one-hour fire-resistive construction may use fire-retardant treated wood
within the framing assembly.
5. Type V - shall be four-hour fire-resistive throughout and the structural elements shall be of steel,
iron, concrete, or masonry construction.

Finishes for interior walls and ceilings of any building shall be classified according to their
flame-spread characteristic using generally accepted engineering standards. The smoke
density shall not be greater than that obtained from burning of untreated wood under similar
conditions when tested in accordance with the Tunnel Test in the way intended for use. The
products of combustion shall be no more toxic than the burning of untreated wood under
similar conditions. These finishes include: interior wainscoting, paneling, or other finish
applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, frames and trims of doors and
windows, surface insulation or similar purposes.



National Building Code of the Philippines

Plumbing Code of the Philippines
Electrical Code of the Philippines
Hotel Code of the Philippines
Accessibility Law