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STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF ZIMBABWE

DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT

LATEST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF COMMENTS: 7 March 2016

Our ref: CH003 D994/1

Draft Number ZWS 994/1

Date: 7 January 2016

TECHNICAL COMMITTEE CH 003: PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS


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ZIMBABWE CODE OF PRACTICE FOR

TRANSPORTATION OF LIQUID FUELS OPERATIONAL

REQUIREMENTS FOR ROAD TANK VEHICLES

This draft is now available for public comment. Your views and technical comments on it would
be appreciated. If you have no specific comments to make but find it generally acceptable it
would be helpful if you would notify us accordingly. Suggestions entailing revisions of the text
should indicate the preferred wording using the attached template. The relevant clause number
should be quoted against any comment.

All comments should be sent to the Committee Secretary Mr P Chindara at the address shown
below.

Standards Association of Zimbabwe


P O Box 2259
Harare
E-mail: pchindara@saz.org.zw

THIS IS A DRAFT AND MUST NOT BE REGARDED OR USED AS A ZIMBABWE


STANDARD.
ZWS 994:2016

CONTENTS Page

PREFACE ............................................................................................................... 2

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 5

1. SCOPE .......................................................................................................... 5

2. DEFINITIONS .............................................................................................. 6

3. REGULATIONS ........................................................................................... 7

45. PROVISIONS .............................................................................................. 9

APPENDIX A TIME LIMITS FOR DRIVING .................................................... 20

APPENDIX B ACCIDENT REPORT ................................................................... 21

APPENDIX C TYPICAL DAILY PRE-INSPECTION SHEET ........................... 22

APPENDIX D MANIFEST AND TREMCARD .................................................. 24

APPENDIX E VEHICLE INSPECTION SCHEDULES ..................................... 26

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PREFACE

This Zimbabwe Standard ZWS 994:2016: Code of practice for transportation of liquid fuels
Operational requirements for road tank vehicles is based on ZS 372:2008.

This standard was prepared by technical committee CH 003: Petroleum and Petroleum Products,
under the general direction of Chemicals Standards Council.

This standard makes reference to the following publications:

SANS 1518 : Transportation of dangerous goods - Design requirements for road tankers.
SANS 10047 : The testing of motor vehicles for roadworthiness.
SANS 10187 : Cargo securement on vehicles.
SANS 10231 : Transport of dangerous goods - Operational requirements for road
vehicles.

SANS 10228 : The identification and classification of dangerous substances and goods.
SANS 10229 : Packaging of dangerous goods for road and rail transportation in South Africa.

SANS 10231 : Transportation of dangerous goods Operational requirements for road


vehicles.

SANS 10232 : Transportation of dangerous goods - Emergency information systems


Part 1 : Emergency information system for road transportation.
SANS 10233 : Intermediate bulk containers for dangerous substances.
SANS 10263 : The warehousing of dangerous goods - Enclosed storage areas and covered
and uncovered outdoor storage yards.

ZWS 400 : Electrical wiring of premises (SAZ Wiring Rules)


ZWS 995 : Road tank vehicles for petroleum based flammable liquids.
ZWS 255 : Portable fire extinguishers.
ZWS 913 : The petroleum Industry.
Part 1 : Storage and distribution of petroleum products in above ground bulk
installations.

ZWS ISO 14001: Environmental management systems - Specification with guidance for use
ZS 669 : Road vehicles - Vehicle test station evaluation
Environmental Management Act, Chapter 20:27

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Hazardous Substances, Pesticides and Toxic Substances SI 12:2007


Hazardous Waste Management Regulations SI 10:2007.

Environmental Management Act, Chapter 20:27

SI,12 of 2007: Hazardous Substances, Pesticides and Toxic Substances Regulations

SI 10 of 2011: Hazardous Waste Management Regulations

SI 5 of 2011: Environmental and Natural Resources Management (Hazardous Substances,


Pesticides and other Toxic Substances Regulations).

Road Traffic Act Chapter 13:11


Road Motor Transportation Act Chapter 13:10
Construction Equipment And Use Government Notice 412 of 1972
SI 168, Retesting of Drivers of 2006
SI 106, Axle Loading of 1993
SI 134, Public Service Vehicles Registration of 1998
Fire Services Act of 1947
Government Act of 1943
Energy Regulatory Act, Chapter 13:23
Petroleum Act, Chapter 13:22
Factories And Works Act, Chapter 14:08
Criminal Law (Codification and Reform), Chapter 9:23
The International Codes, Conventions And Protocols
Local Authority By-Laws

The following interests were represented on the Technical Committee entrusted with the
development of this standard.

Harare Institute of Technology ............................................. Mr C Kanyunga


(Chairman)

Engen ...................................................................... ........... Mr S Chikwira

Environmental Management Agency ................................... Mr Z Vilika

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Finealt Engineering ............................................................... Mr W Mukosera


Mr P Mpala

Firebrigade ....................................................................... Mr B Tavambwa


Mr C Mafoti

Green Fuel ........................................................................... Mr D Muwandi

Ministry of Energy and Power Development ....................... Mr B M Mangwende

Ministry of Transport,
Vehicle Inspection Department ........................................ Mr J Jombe

National Oil Infrastructure Company of Zimbabwe ............. Mr S Chiunda

Petroleum Industry Association of Zimbabwe ...................... Mr W Chiunda


Mr E E Masuku

Redan Petroleum .................................................................. Ms C Nduku


Mr J Kafuke

Sakunda ....................................................................... Mr S Gono

Total Zimbabwe ................................................................... Mr P Mukamura


Mr M Kampira

University of Zimbabwe ....................................................... Eng S C Shonhiwa

Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority .............................. Mr H Mataruka


Mr A Guri

ZUVA Petroleum. ................................................................. Mr S Chabuka


Mr D Gorejena

Standards Association of Zimbabwe ..................................... Mr P A Chindara


(Committee Secretary)

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ZIMBABWE CODE OF PRACTICE

FOR

TRANSPORTTION OF LIQUID FUELS OPERATIONAL


REQUIREMENTS FOR ROAD TANK VEHICLES

INTRODUCTION

A substantial part of this standard deals with the roadworthiness of the conveying
vehicle and the training of the driver since these aspects are of utmost
importance in the conveyance of liquid fuels

There is an economic limit to which the vehicle cargo can be protected against
rupture on violent impact in an accident. Hence the main aim with respect to the
safety aspects of conveying dangerous goods is to reduce the occurrence of such
accidents to the lowest possible level. This can be achieved by adopting
thorough preventive measures that cover all aspects of the working of the
driver/vehicle combination and all stages of the conveyance and loading
operations. In addition all personnel involved should receive thorough training
and be encouraged to be alert at all times to factors that affect safety.

1. SCOPE

The Zimbabwe Standard applies to;

This standard establishes rules and procedures for the safe operation and handling
of road vehicles that are used for the conveyance of liquid fuels.

The standard covers the following three separate operations required for the
transfer of liquid fuels by road between two premises:

a) the loading of the liquid fuels a s a responsibility of the consignor;

b) The driving of the vehicle that carries the liquid fuels to its destination
responsible of the operator; and

c) the unloading of the liquid fuel as a responsibility of the consignee/operator.

Each of the above operations is subject to agreement (s) between the relevant
responsible parties and the needs to be carried out by qualified persons

This stand does not address the requirements of LPG.

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NOTE. The titles of the publications referred to in this standard are listed in the
Preface.

2. DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this Zimbabwe Code of Practice, the following definitions shall
apply:

2.1 Accident: An unplanned event resulting in injury to persons or damage to vehicles


and property or the environment.

2.2 Authorized T est Station. An organization whose function is to examine, measure


or otherwise determine the roadworthiness of a vehicle.

2.3 Consignee: The person who accepts liquid fuels that have been transported.

2.4 Consignor: The person who offers liquid fuels for transport.

2.5 Certified Clean: descriptive of a vehicle, freight container or tank container that
has carried goods liquid fuel, but is now free from contamination by such cargo
and has been certified as such.

2.6 Emergency Action Response System: A system designed to enable emergency


crews arriving on the scene of an incident (see 2.10) to determine from the
Tremcard (see 2.19 and Appendix D) or manifest (see Appendix D), the identity of
the cargo conveyed, the nature of the hazard presented and the emergency action to
be taken to neutralize the danger.

2.7 Emergency Response Centre: An establishment, manned 24 hours per day, which
provides emergency response action at the site of an incident (see 2.10) in its
designated area.

2.8 Emergency Services: Services that might be required at the scene of an incident
(see 2.10) such as Police, Medical Services, EMA and Fire Brigade.

2.9 Heavy Motor Vehicle: A goods vehicle with a net vehicle mass (NVM)
exceeding 2300 kg

NOTE. A vehicle shall imply either a horse, or any trailer.

2.10 Incident: An unplanned event that involves a large spill or leakage of liquid fuels
from a road tank vehicle, storage tank or loading and offloading facilities and
could lead to harm, damage, injury to a person, equipment or environment or loss
of product.

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2.11 Liquid Fuels: Inflammable hydrocarbon and bio fuels.

2.12 Manifest: A document that identifies by name and substance identification


number (S.I.N) (see 2.18) the materials being transported and also the quantity
of each of the materials carried in the cargo.

2.13 Operator: The person responsible for the use of a motor vehicle of any class
contemplated in the Road motor transportation act chapter 13:10 (Operator
fitness) and who has been registered as the operator of such vehicle.

2.14 Heavy Goods Vehicle Driving Licence: A driving licence required (in terms of
Road Traffic Act 13 of11) to be obtained by a driver to authorize the driver to
drive a heavy motor vehicle conveying general cargo.

2.15 Professional Driving Permit Conveying Liquid Fuels: A driving permit required to
be obtained by a driver to authorize the driver to drive a heavy motor vehicle
conveying liquid fuels.

2.16 Qualified Person: A trained person nominated by the contractually agreed


responsible parties to control any specific task.

2.17 Stopping: The temporary bringing to rest in a parked condition of a vehicle that
would enable the driver to leave the cab for some purpose.

2.18 Substance Identification Number (S.I.N) the four-digit number allocated to a


material in accordance with SANS 0228. The S.I.N is identical with the
international UN number

2.19 Transport emergency card (Tremcard): A document to be carried by the driver


that lists the hazards and emergency information for a liquid fuel that is being
conveyed, for use by the driver during an incident or by the emergency services, if
required. (See Appendix D).

3. REGULATIONS

The following Acts and their Regulations are relevant to the transportation of liquid
fuels:

a) EMA Act, chapter 20:27

b) SI,12 of 2007

c) SI 10 of 2011

d) SI 5 of 2011

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e) Road Traffic Act Chapter 13:11

f) Road Motor Transportation Act Chapter 13:10

g) Construction Equipment And Use Government Notice 412 of 1972

h) SI 168, Retesting of Drivers of 2006

i) SI 106, Axle Loading of 1993

j) SI 134, Public Service Vehicles Registration of 1998

k) Fire Services Act of 1947

l) Government Act of 1943

m) Energy Regulatory Act

n) Petroleum Act

o) Factories And Works Act

p) Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act

q) The International Codes, Conventions And Protocols

r) Local Authority By-Laws

4. PROVISIONS

4.1 The Owner/Operator

4.1.1 For the purpose of transporting liquid fuels the operator shall be registered with
the relevant regulatory authorities as a liquid fuels operator and shall be conversant
with the provisions of this standard.

4.1.2 The owner of a vehicle shall be deemed to be the operator unless he has
concluded an agreement with another person or company, to delegate the right to
operate the vehicle for a period exceeding three months. In such circumstances,
the new operator shall register with the relevant regulatory authority in
accordance with 4.1.1. Adequate insurance shall cover both loss of product or
vehicle and civil liability, which includes recovery, and rehabilitation of the
environment.

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4.1.3 The operator shall ensure that the vehicles used for the purpose of conveying
liquid fuels comply with the requirements of ZWS 995.

4.1.4 A transportation contract covering the loading, transportation and unloading


operations that relate to the transportation of liquid fuels and covering all the
aspects listed below shall be drafted by the operator and signed by all the parties
concerned to ensure that every person involved in the project is fully briefed
before the start of the operation.

a) The nature and quantity (mass or volume) of the substance(s) to be conveyed


per consignment and in total

b) the type of vehicle and equipment to be used

c) the type and exact location of each petroleum storage facility

d) the timing schedule of the operation

e) the selection and designation of qualified persons to take charge of and to be


responsible for the loading and unloading operations at each location

f) any special arrangement in deviation from normal practice that needs to be


agreed upon for conveyance of the petroleum product

g) the need for any special permits to handle transport or store the liquid fuels.

4.1.5 The operator shall before transporting liquid fuels inspect or obtain details of the
loading and unloading facilities to be used in order to:

i) ensure that the loading and unloading facilities for bulk cargoes, conform to
the requirements of ZWS 913: Part 1

ii) check the entry and exit space for his/her vehicle at each depot

iii) satisfy himself that the facilities and safety standards at each depot are adequate
and

iv) check where applicable the compatibility of the hose connections, loading
ramps, height of facilities etc.

4.1.6 The operator shall ensure that the vehicle to be used can be so loaded as to
comply with the axle loading requirements of the SI 106 of 1993 and he shall
provide a valid calibration certificate for loading to ensure that the loading
operator can fulfill his obligation in this regard. In the case of bulk liquid cargo,
the quantity to be filled shall not result in stability problems owing to excess ullage.

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4.1.7 The operator shall plan the route that he intends his vehicle to take and shall
investigate it for possible obstructions and other difficulties. This is not
necessary on a load-by-load basis if the traffic is regular. There will be cases,
such as emergencies, when it will not be possible to do normal planning of the
route, and these cases should be documented as such.

4.1.8 The operator shall before transporting liquid fuels obtain the following from the
consignor:

a) Full written details including medical information relating to the substance


hazard and handling and the emergency action to be taken in the event of
spillage (MSDS ) ; and

b) an appropriate Tremcard listing the above information and such written


instructions as might be necessary for handing over to the vehicle driver.

Furthermore, he shall ensure that the driver has understood the procedures and
instructions fully and that he is capable of implementing them.

4.1.9 The consignor shall provide the operator with the full set of obligatory
emergency action warning placards (Emergency action response system placards)
appropriate to the hazard in accordance with ZWS 806. The consignor shall
ensure that the placards are displayed at all times on the road tank vehicle.

4.1.10 The operator shall ensure that the driver is in possession of a valid public service
vehicle class 2 driving licence with a valid re-test for conveying liquid fuels (see
2.15) and that he has been competently trained in:

a) driving the type of vehicle he is going to use

b) dealing with the particular hazards and requirements of his intended load

c) operating any special equipment provided on the vehicle including the fire
extinguishers and

d) the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)

4.1.11 The operator shall ensure that his/her driver is medically fit.

4.1.12 The operator shall ensure that his/her driver undergoes annual refresher
courses in the driving of liquid fuel vehicles, in the use of fire extinguishers, in
the wearing of protective clothing and in the handling of liquid fuels in general.
In addition such a refresher course shall be given if a change is to be made with
the regard to a class of dangerous goods and it has not been covered in the
annual refresher course. The training shall be conducted by a traffic safety council
approved training institution.

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4.1.13 The operator and the consignor shall, upon being informed of an incident
involving, one of their vehicles, ensure that the relevant emergency response
centre and the police have been informed. If an injury, an explosion or a spillage
has occurred, the operator shall prepare an accident report and submit it to EMA
within 8 hours and the Energy Regulatory Authority , other relevant government
departments such as the, local municipalities and councils or a n y o t h e r
relevant regulatory authority within 48 hours.

4.1.14 The operator on being informed of a breakdown of, or an accident involving, his
vehicle en-route shall immediately:

a) advise the emergency services, the police or the traffic police nearest to the
breakdown and shall take any necessary steps to ensure that the vehicle is not
left unattended

b) arrange for on-site repairs or

c) arrange for a replacement vehicle and shall ensure that such vehicle conforms
to the appropriate standards for the cargo concerned. He shall provide any
equipment necessary to effect the transfer of the cargo safely. The
equipment should confirm to the applicable standards. He shall also appoint a
qualified person to supervise the operation and ensure compliance with the
provisions of this standard. The Hazchem placards shall remain displayed on
the vehicle that is being emptied and the operator shall provide a new set for
the replacement vehicle, together with Tremcard (s) route instructions and
manifest(s). These shall be handed over to the replacement driver who shall
put them in the designated space in his own cab. The driver of the
replacement vehicle shall have been trained and licensed to the same
standards as the driver he is replacing.

4.1.15 If a vehicle designed and registered as a liquid fuel carrier is involved in an accident
in which there is the possibility of damage to the cargo containment or in which
the safety of the vehicle is impaired, depending on the nature of the damage, the
operator shall submit that vehicle for examination and tests, to a vehicle inspection
department(VID) or to a tank manufacturer or repairer before putting it back into
service for the transportation of liquid fuels.

After the repair, the tank shall be calibrated by a trade measures accredited service
provider.

4.1.16 The operator shall schedule the use of his/her vehicle to enable periodic inspections
maintenance to be carried out.

4.1.17 The operator shall ensure that his vehicle carries any valid road permit that is
required.
4.1.18 Before dispatching a vehicle the operator shall, in accordance with the Road Traffic

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Act, ensure that:

a) the vehicle meets the requirements provided in ZWS 995 and has a valid
certificate of fitness (COF) as called for in the Road Motor Transportation
Act;

b) the vehicle is roadworthy; and

c) the vehicle has been prepared for the journey in accordance with suitable
standard schedule laid down by the operator.

4.1.19 Regular preventative maintenance shall be built into the working schedule of the
operator and shall either be carried out at the operator's depot by suitably qualified
staff, or be subcontracted to a competent workshop. Detailed records shall be kept
of all maintenance and inspection work done on every vehicle.

4.2 The Driver

4.2.1 The driver of a liquid fuels road tank vehicle shall have a public service
vehicle (PSV) driving licence class 2 with a re-test for conveying liquid fuels
(see 2.15) and shall carry it on his/her person. To qualify for this class the
driver shall have passed handling of dangerous goods training and shall be in
possession of a PSV driving licence for the vehicle code that corresponds to the
type of vehicle he intends to drive.

The driver shall have a licence that is free from endorsement.

4.2.2 The driver shall:

a) have minimum age of 25 years and minimum period of holding Public Service
Vehicle driving licence for 5 years

b) be fit to drive

c) be able to interpret and implement the instructions on the Tremcard

d) have received comprehensive theoretical and practical training relevant to the


type of vehicle and liquid fuels to which he/she will be assigned,
including training in the emergency response system and procedures specific
to the cargo for example flammable liquid.

Such training shall be to the standards approved by traffic safety council.

e) hold a valid medical certificate (see B.1) for fitness to drive liquid fuels and
shall not

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i) suffer from any heart condition which causes disabling weakness or pain

ii) suffer from epilepsy

iii) suffer from conditions causing loss of consciousness

iv) suffer from addiction to drink or narcotic drugs

v) suffer from insulin dependent diabetes

vi) suffer from mental or nervous disorders

vii) have a history of sudden attacks of vertigo (dizziness)

viii) have a history of coronary thrombosis

ix) take hypertensive drugs for blood pressure treatment

The driver shall within the preceding 12 months have passed an


examination by a medical practitioner registered with the Zimbabwe
Medical Council.

Furthermore, whatever his age a driver shall be required to pass this


examination before he recommences his normal duties after a period of illness
exceeding 30 days.

f) licence holders (permit holders) should be able to read, in good daylight (with
glasses or contact lenses, if worn) a motor vehicle number plate at 22 m if the
symbols are 90 mm high or from 20m if the symbols are 80 mm high. It is
an offence to drive with impaired eyesight. If the glasses or contact lenses
are required to reach these vision standards, they must be worn at all times
while driving. Licence holders with glasses or contact lenses should meet a
standard of at least 6/9 in the better eye and 6/12 in the other eye and, without
glasses, at least 3/60 in each eye separately.

g) have his professional driving licence revoked if found discharging liquid fuel at
an unauthorized places.

h) not drive the liquid fuel road tank vehicle between 1800 hours and 0600 hours.

4.2.3 The driver before proceeding on the route shall ensure that:

a) the vehicle meets the requirements provided in ZWS 995 and has a valid
certificate of fitness (COF) as called for in the road motor transportation act.

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b) the vehicle is roadworthy as called for in the construction equipment and use
regulations and

c) the vehicle has been prepared for the journey in accordance with suitable
standard schedule laid down by the operator.

d) the Tremcard (s) and manifest (s) are in the document holder in the cab of
the vehicle for the duration of the trip. These shall, if asked for be made
available to the emergency services.

e) he has taken full note of any instruction he has been given and kept in the
document holder regarding the route to be taken, the locations of authorized
stopping places the special hazards to be watched out for the precautions to be
taken en route. These instructions should be in writing two emergency
warning triangles per vehicle are stored for use in an emergency or during
breakdown.

f) the orange warning diamond in the front of the vehicle and the Emergency
action response system placards conforming to the requirements of SANS
10232-1 are fitted and are the correct type for the load and are clean
undamaged and clearly visible.

g) the type and number of fire extinguishers prescribed in ZWS 995 are fitted to
the vehicle.

h) the vehicle is free of any product likely to contaminate the load or create a
safety hazard and

i) the correct protective clothing and breathing apparatus as specified by the


consignor have been stored aboard the vehicle and are in good condition to
protect the driver and crew when they are engaged in or assisting with
unloading operations or dealing with an emergency and that the crew are
trained in using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and breathing
apparatus.

4.2.4 The driver shall drive the vehicle to the point where the load is to be taken to and
shall report to the qualified person.

4.2.5 The driver shall not use cellular telephones during loading and offloading operations.

4.3 The Loading Operation

4.3.1 Control. All loading operations shall be carried out under the supervision of the
qualified person selected by the consignor or his representative.

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4.3.2 Clearance. If for any reason the qualified person or the driver considers it unsafe
to load a vehicle, loading shall not proceed until the problem has been resolved to
the satisfaction of both the qualified person and the driver.

4.3.3 Responsibility. The consignor is responsible for ensuring that the instructions
provided to the operator regarding loading procedure are adhered to. The
consignor is responsible for ensuring that the operator has been advised of the
nature, quantities and the hazards relating to the goods to be carried and of the
emergency response requirements. The consignor is also responsible for ensuring
that the qualified persons supervising the loading have received training in the
application of the requirements of this standard and in the necessary safety
precautions required for the goods to be loaded.

4.3.4 Hazchem placards and tremcards. The consignor is responsible for supplying the
correct type and quantity of Hazchem placards for the consignment and the correct
Tremcard(s) and manifest(s).

4.3.5 Before Loading. Before permitting loading to start, the qualified person shall ensure
that:

a) the vehicle presented for loading is of correct type and capacity as agreed
upon in the transportation contract;

b) the vehicle is properly parked and that the engine has been switched off except
where a running engine is required to facilitate loading;

c) the operation takes place in a registered work place (registered under the local
authority) where all the necessary safety measures associated with the Liquid
fuels being transported are observed and that it is equipped with the necessary
safety equipment;

d) the operation takes place in a correct, efficient and productive way with no
risk of distraction caused by other operations taking place or by goods stored
in the vicinity;

e) if bulk liquid substances (including flowable solids) are to be loaded in the


capacity of the vehicle tank is adequate to receive without overloading the
volume of the Liquid fuels and that an ullage appropriate to the Petroleum
Product(s) has been allowed for;

f) (except in the case of a local distribution operation where the product to be


loaded is the same as that of previous loads) before the loading of liquid
substances (including flowable solids) begins, the tank vehicle either has
been properly cleaned of any previous contents or has been certified to
receive the same or any other compatible substance.

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NOTE 1. Petrol and Illuminating paraffin shall not under any circumstances
be transported on the same vehicle irrespective of vehicle combination.

NOTE 2. Illuminating paraffin shall not be loaded in compartments


previously used for petrol without employing appropriate flushing methods.

g) if flammable liquids are to be transferred, earth-bonding wires have been


provided and have been correctly connected).

h) if flammable liquids are to be transferred by means of a pump the operator


shall ensure that the pump is of the compression ignition type as specified in
ZWS 913:Part 1, ZWS 400 or any other relevant standard.

i) during fluid transfers, he/she remains in the vicinity of the flow control
valves where he can stop the transfer immediately in the event of a rupture,
spillage or any other emergency.

4.3.6 After loading. After loading has been completed the qualified person shall ensure
that

a) the load is secured by sealing off any outlets appropriately and seeing to it
that the vehicle is washed free of any spillage

b) the permissible vehicle and axle mass-loads for the loaded vehicle have not been
exceeded

c) the correct type and number of Hazchem placards have been provided by the
consignor and that these have been properly installed and

d) the consignor has provided the correct Tremcard(s) and manifest(s) and
that the driver has placed these and any other necessary relevant written
route instructions in the designated space in the vehicle cab.

4.4 Behaviour on the Route

4.4.1 The driver shall, when proceeding on the route;

a) follow the route without deviation, except in a local distribution operation,


unless ordered otherwise by the emergency services;

b) stop only in an authorized pre-planned safe areas;

c) not stop otherwise except during an emergency or for preplanned stops made
for the purpose of a delivery, or at scheduled intervals of 2 hours for the
purpose of checking the vehicle and tyres. When the vehicle is stopped en
route other than at an authorized stopping place for vehicle and tyre checks,

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the hazard warning lights shall be switched on as for an emergency or


breakdown. The driver shall stop only in a safe area;

d) not drive for longer than the period laid down in Appendix A;

e) not in any circumstances leave the vehicle unattended in an unsupervised area;

f) not permit unloading of (or if relevant decanting of) part of the load if he is
detained enroute because of axle overloading except in an authorized and
properly equipped area under competent supervision and after the operator
has been informed;

g) observe good driving practice by the use of forethought to anticipate


problems, for example, by driving in such a way that reversing or difficult or
risky manoeuvres are avoided;

h) adhere to regulated speed limits

i) in the event of unscheduled stop outside a safe area, switch on the vehicle
hazard warning lights,place the warning triangles(s) on the road as specified
in the Road Traffic Act and inform the authorities and the operator without
delay. The vehicle shall be equipped with a battery isolation switch and two
portable intrinsically safe flashing hazard lights shall be provided;

j) in the event of either an incident in which spillage occurs or any other


occurrence which puts the cargo at risk, he/she shall consult the Tremcard and
alert the emergency services and the police or the Traffic Police. (If
means of remote communication is not available, the driver shall flag
down passing travellers and request that this information be relayed to the
nearest emergency services and;

k) regularly and at prescribed intervals, check all load indicators, such as


pressure gauges for the correct readings.

4.4.2 On reaching his destination, the driver shall report to the responsible party
contractually agreed upon.

4.5 The Unloading Operation

4.5.1 Control. All unloading operations shall be carried out under the supervision of
the qualified person selected by the consignee or his representative.

4.5.2 Clearance. If for any reason, the qualified person or the driver considers it unsafe
to unload a vehicle, unloading shall not proceed until the problem has been
resolved to the satisfaction of both the qualified person and the driver.

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4.5.2 Before unloading. Before permitting unloading to start, the qualified person shall
ensure that:

a) written confirmation is furnished that the vehicle presented for unloading is


the correct vehicle and that it is carrying the correct goods as agreed upon in
the transportation contract;

b) the vehicle is properly parked and that the engine has been switched off except
where a running engine is required to facilitate unloading;

c) the operation takes place in an area where all the necessary safety measures
associated with the material being transported are observed and that is
equipped with the necessary safety equipment;

d) the operation takes place in a correct, safe, efficient and productive way with
no risk of distraction caused by other operations taking place or by goods
stored in the vicinity;

e) note this includes prohibition of hot works and any other spark causing
activities

f) in the case of liquid substances written confirmation is furnished that the


capacity of the depot receiving tank is adequate to receive the volume of
substance to be unloaded allowing for ullage where appropriate and

g) before the unloading of liquid substances written confirmation is furnished


that the depot receiving tank either has been properly cleaned of any
previous contents or has been certified fit to receive the vehicle load

4.5.3 During unloading

a) the service station shall stop all liquid fuel sales operations during decanting
as required to the relevant statutory requirements,

b) during fluid type transfers the driver remains in the vicinity of the flow control
valves, where he can stop the transfer immediately in the event of a rupture,
spillage or any other emergency,

c) the truck shall be barricaded with security cones and barrier tapes,

d) fire extinguishers shall be put on stand by,

e) pumps shall not be used for all underground deliveries and above ground
petrol deliveries.

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4.5.4 After unloading

4.5.4.1 After unloading has been completed the qualified person shall ensure that the fluid
tanks are securely closed and washed free of any spillage and that the shut off
valves (if applicable) are closed to prevent possible hazards.

4.5.4.2 The unloaded vehicle (bulk carrier) that carried Liquid fuels shall be maintained
under full Hazchem placarding until such time as it is cleaned of the liquid fuel
and has been certified to that effect. Therefore the unloaded vehicle is certified
clean.

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APPENDIX A - TIME LIMITS FOR DRIVING

This appendix forms part of the requirements of this standard.

A.1 The time limits in respect of a driver of a liquid fuel motor vehicle who is not
accompanied by a person authorized and qualified to drive such vehicle, shall be as
follows:-

a) for driving,

i) a maximum of 5 hours of continuous driving time and

ii) a maximum total of 10 hours of driving time in a period of 24 hours and

b) for resting from driving

i) a minimum period of 15 minutes

ii) a minimum total of 30 minutes accumulated during a period of 5 hr 30


minutes and

iii) a minimum continuous period of 10 hr in a period of 24 hr

A.2 The limits in respect of a driver of a liquid fuel road tank vehicle who is
accompanied, by a person authorized and qualified to drive such a vehicle and
who alternately drives such a vehicle, shall be those contemplated in A.1
excluding the provisions of A.1 (b) (iii), plus the following:

a) such driver shall not alternately drive such motor vehicle and rest from
such driving for continuous period that exceeds 30 hours and

b) where the period contemplated in (a) above

i) exceeds 15 hr but does not exceed 20 hr such period shall be followed by a


period of unbroken rest of 10 hours and

ii) exceeds 20 hr such periods shall be followed by a period of unbroken rest


of 12 hr

A vehicle that is being driven by two drivers in terms of this sub clause
shall where period contemplated in (a) above exceeds 15 hr be provided with
adequate sleeping accommodation.

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APENDIX B - ACCIDENT REPORT

This appendix forms part of the requirements of this standard.

B.1 Medical Certificate

An example of an accident report form is given below.

Accident arising from the conveyance of Liquid fuels


1. Name of Company...........................................................
2. Date and time of accident ................................................
3. Location of accident .....................................................
4. Brief description of accident ............................................
5. Cause of accident ........................................................
6. Number of casualties: Fatalities.................... Injuries ...........
7. Name (s) of product(s) involved .........................................
8. Brief details of any damage to property caused by nature of liquid fuel(s)
involved .........................................................................

9. Approximate quantity of Liquid fuel spilled (to specify the scene of


incident).......................

10. Was liquid fuel or container (or both) involved in fire?


liquid fuel Container Both Neither

11. Brief details of any emission of fumes (direction of travel and area affected)
.........................................................................................................................
12. Type of container involved
Single load tank Multi-compartment tank Other (specify)..

13. Name and address of company whose products are involved .........................
14. Details of (Hazchem) markings on product Correct Not correct None
15. Written instructions accompanying product ..
16. Tremcard Yes No Other (specify)..........................................
17. Was specialist assistance requested? YES/NO
18. If Yes to 16 from where was the advice obtained? ...........................................
19. Details of response to request for specialist assistance .........................................

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APPENDIX C TYPICAL DAILY PRE-TRIP INSPECTION SHEET

This appendix is for information only.

An example of a typical daily pre-trip inspection sheet should include but not be
restricted to the following:

Date of Inspection: Registration Number of Horse:


Registration Number of Trailer:

1 When you approach the vehicle


a) look for water, oil, fuel and other leaks and for bodywork damage at the
front of the vehicle. b) Look for any other obvious faults.

2 Check the condition at the front of the vehicle


a) windscreen
b) windscreen wiper arms and blades
c) rear view mirrors
d) RH and LH front white reflectors
e) Headlamps
f) Lamp and indicator lenses
g) Number plate licence and permit disc present on the screen

3 Enter the cab and while seated:


a) Check that there are no loose items in the cab
b) Check ,the parking brake: has it been applied and does it work?
c) Check the oil and water levels (on some vehicles this is done from outside)
d) Start the engine : check the reading of the oil pressure gauge, is there any
unusual engine noise?
e) Check the reading of the air pressure gauge:
f) Check the build-up time of the air pressure;
i) Max 12 minutes in the case of a drawing vehicle and
ii) Max 8 minutes in the case of other vehicles
g) Check the gauge and warning lights for correct operation
h) Depress the service brake a couple of times until the warning buzzer
sounds
i) Stop the engine: keep the service brake pedal depressed and check for
leaks of air system
j) Check the operation of the clutch pedal and the horn; check the steering
for free play
k) Check the tachograph for damage and insert the correct chart
l) Check that the warning triangle(s) are stowed in the cab
m) Check for cab fire extinguisher
n) Check that seat belts are functional
o) Switch on all the lights and leave the cab

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4 Walk - around inspection


a) Check the RH and LH front tyres and the wheel nuts: check that the
fifth wheel is properly locked, (applies to articulated vehicles only)
b) Make sure that the pump meter on RH side of the vehicle is secured.
Inspect the pump hose and nozzle stowed on the tank top on rigid units
for damage
c) Make sure that all manhole lids are correctly closed and locked: check for
obvious damage
d) Check the condition of the air reservoirs and operate the drain valves
e) Make sure that the yellow side reflectors are fitted and are undamaged
f) Check the RH and LH rear tyres and the wheel nuts (applies to rigid
vehicles, tractors and semi trailers): check the mudguards for damage.
g) Make sure that the two wheel chocks are properly stowed on the rigid
chassis of the semi-trailer frame
h) Make sure that all the lights are operative and that the reflectors and the
chevron are not damaged; check the rear bumper for damage and make
sure that the registration plate light is operative
i) Check the stowage of the gravity hose and check for obvious damage
(fraying etc)
j) Check the security of the fuel filler cap and make sure that the tank is
properly filled
k) Make sure that the gravity meter is secure
l) Make sure that the control box for the pneumatic system is secure
m) Check the locks of the manifold valves, especially for leaks
n) make sure that the fire extinguisher is correctly fitted and check it for
obvious damage. Is the inspection date overdue?
o) Make sure that all the front lights are operative
p) Make sure that the RH and LH front and rear indictors are working (get
assistance if possible to look at the rear indicators)
q) Enter the cab and switch off all the lights
r) Make sure that the brake lights are operative (get assistance to depress
the service brake pedal and check if the lights are operative)
s) Fill in the logbook and faults book

Name of Driver:

Signature of Driver: ..

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APPENDIX D MANIFEST AND TREMCARD

This appendix is for information only.

D.1 Manifest

The manifest contains information needed to identify the material(s) involved.


The manifest contains the name of the material(s), the substance identification
number (S.I.N) and when applicable, reportable quantity notation for use in
reporting spill incidents.

An example of a typical manifest is given below

MANIFEST
Company:
EMERGENCY TELEPHONE:
From: To:
ROUTE
No of packs Name of material Hazard class S.I.N. Quantity
compartment 1 Petrol 7,000 litres
compartment 2 Diesel 7,000 litres

Vehicle 1) Loaded -Date Trip started- Date Drivers name

Reg No 2) Time Time Signature

D.2 Tremcard

A separate Tremcard is required for each Liquid fuel in a load. It shall be printed on
A4 white 120g/m card paper with red side borders..

An example of a Tremcard is given below.

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TRANSPORT EMERGENCY CARD - TREMCARD

CARGO

AUTOMOTIVE GAS-OIL
a) Liquid-perceptible odour
b) Immiscible with water

NATURE OF HAZARD
a) May form explosives mixture with air particularly in empty uncleaned
receptacles
b) Heating will cause pressure rise with risk of bursting and subsequent
explosion

BASIC PERSONAL PROTECTION


a) Goggles giving complete protection to eyes
b) Plastic or rubber gloves
c) Eyewash bottle with clean water

IMMEDIATE ACTION BY DRIVER - Notify police and fire brigade


a) Stop the engine
b) No naked lights. No smoking
c) Mark roads and warn other road users
d) Keep public away from danger area

SPILLAGE
a) Stop leaks if without risk
b) Prevent liquid entering sewers, basements and work gates
c) Contain or absorb leaking liquid with sand or other suitable material
d) If liquid fuel has entered a water course or sewer or been spilt on soil or
vegetation, inform relevant Authority

FIRE
a) Keep container(s) cool by spraying with water if exposed to fire
b) Extinguish with water spray foam or dry chemical
c) Keep upward

FIRSTAID
a)If substance has got into the eyes immediately wash out with plenty of water.
Continue, treatment until medical assistance provided
b) Remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash affected skin with
plenty of water.

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APPENDIX E VEHICLE INSPECTION SCHEDULES

This appendix forms part of the requirements of this standard

E.1 Basic Inspection Schedule

TABLE 1 - MINIMUM COMPULSORY INSPECTIONS


1 2 3
Inspection schedule Inspection and standards Inspection to be done by
a) In the case of a tanker that will be pressurized to
Competent authority
1 Before starting the 40 kPa and more, inspection and pressure testing as
authorized by the
operation required by national regulations.
relevant government
(commencing with
department at the
the business)
factory.
b) Inspection of the vehicle and verification of design
Appointed competent
features, particularly in respect of the tank of a
person.
tanker.
Daily pre-journey checks at the operator's depot or an
Driver or in-house staff
2 During operation inter-mediate depot in accordance with the operational
(or both).
requirements given in table E.2.
In-house inspection and roadworthiness check (see E.3)
of vehicle at operator's depot or, if contracted out, at an Competent (in-house)
agency authorized by the relevant government person. Random check
3 After 6 months' department. Check valves and gaskets of tanker; check of depot books by
operation tank thickness of a corrosive liquids tanker; check deck itinerant inspector of the
and straps of a packaged-goods vehicle. Records to be relevant government
kept and signed by operator or competent person, stating department.
that the inspection has been done.
Registered test station or
a) Roadworthiness test and certification to ZWS 995 and
test agency authorized by
national legislation.
the relevant government
department
4 After 12 months'
b) Liquid fuel containment area inspection: check valves
operation
and gaskets of a tanker; check deck and straps of a
Competent person.
packaged-goods vehicle; test pressure and thickness of
a corrosive-liquids tanker; certification for current use
to this standard.
5 After 18 months'
Same procedure as for item 3 (after 6 months' operation). As for item 3.
operation
a) Roadworthiness test and certification to ZWS 995
and national legislation
Registered test station or
test agency authorized by
6 After 24 months' the relevant government
b) Liquid fuel containment area inspection: check valves
operation department
and gaskets of a tanker; check deck and straps of a
packaged-goods vehicle; test pressure and thickness
Competent person.
of a corrosive-liquids tanker; certification for current
use to this standard.

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TABLE 1 Cont

Inspection
Inspection and standards Inspection to be done by
schedule
7 After 30 months' Same procedure as for item 3 (after 6 months'
As for item 3.
operation operation).
a) Same procedure as for item 4 (after 12
As for item 4.
months' operation).

b) In addition, removal of valves for stripping


7 After 36 months' Competent person.
and reconditioning, except in the case of
operation
tankers used exclusively for the
transportation of liquid petroleum fuel
Competent person from
products, i.e. diesel fuel, petrol and
either the relevant
kerosene.
standards organization or
an agency authorized by
c) In addition, inspection and testing of the
the relevant government
tank of a pressure vessel in accordance
department
with national regulations
9 After 42 months' Same procedure as for item 3 (after 6 months'
As for item 3.
operation operation).
a) Same procedure as for item 6 (after 24 As for item 6.
months' operation), except that more
stringent leak tests might be called for in Relevant standards
10 After 48 months' the case of normal pressure vessels. organization, or
operation inspector or agency
b) In addition, inspection and testing of the authorized by the
tank of a tanker, to the tank manufacturing relevant government
standard. department
11 After 54 months' Inspection procedures as given above, continue
operation and for lifetime of vehicle, repeating in 48-month-
longer cycles.

E.2 Daily Inspection Schedule

TABLE 2 - TYPICAL DAILY INSPECTION SCHEDULE

1 When you approach the vehicle,


- look for water, oil, fuel and other leaks and for bodywork damage at the front of the vehicle. Look for
any other obvious faults.
2 Check the conditions at the front of the vehicle:
- windscreen,
- windscreen wiper arms and blades,
- rear-view mirrors,

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Table 2 cont

- right-hand and left-hand front white reflectors,


- headlamps,
- park lamp, indicator lenses and number plate,
- licence and operator card present on the windscreen.
3 Enter the cab. While you sit,
- check all the other gauges and warning lights for correct operation,
- depress the service brake a couple of times until the warning buzzer sounds,
- stop the engine; keep the service brake pedal depressed and check for leaks of the air system,
- check the operation of the clutch pedal and the hooter; check the steering wheel for free play,
- check the tachograph for damage, and insert the correct chart,
- check that the spare fan belts and the warning triangle(s) are stowed in the cab,
- switch on all the lights and leave the cab,
- check the parking brake: has it been applied and does it work?,
- make sure that the tank is property filled,
- make sure that the gravity meter is secure,
- start the engine; check the reading of the oil pressure gauge. Is there any unusual engine noise?,
- check the reading of the air pressure gauge; check the build-up time of the air pressure:
- max. 12 min in the case of a drawing vehicle; and
- max. 8 min in the case of other vehicles.
4 Walk around inspection:
- check the security of the fuel filler cap,
- check the oil and water levels (on some vehicles this is done from the inside),
- check the right-hand and left-hand rear tyres and the wheel nuts (applies to rigid vehicles, tractors
and semi-trailers); check the mudguards for damage,
- make sure that the two wheel chocks are properly stowed on the rigid chassis of the semi-trailer
frame,
- make sure that all the lights are operative, and that the reflectors and the chevron are not damaged;
check the rear bumper for damage, and make sure that the registration plate light is operative,
- check the stowage of the gravity hose and check for obvious damage (fraying, etc.),
- check the security of the fuel filler cap and make sure that the tank is property filled,
- make sure that the gravity meter is secure,
- check the right-hand and left-hand front tyres and the wheel nuts; check that the fifth wheel is
properly locked (applies to articulated vehicles only),
- make sure that the pump meter on the right-hand side of the vehicle is secure. Inspect the pump
hose and the nozzle stowed on the tank top on rigid units; check for damage,
- make sure that all the manhole lids are correctly closed and locked; check for obvious damage,
- check the condition of the air reservoirs and operate the drain valves,
- make sure that the yellow side reflectors (if applicable) are fitted and are undamaged,
- make sure that the control box for the pneumatic system is secure,
- check the locks of the manifold valves, especially for leaks,
- make sure that the fire extinguisher is correctly fitted, and check it for obvious damage. Is the
inspection date overdue?,
- make sure that all the front lights are operative,
- make sure that the right-hand and left-hand front and rear indicators are working (get assistance, if
possible, to look at the rear indicators),
- enter the cab and switch off all the lights,
- make sure that the brake lights are operative (get assistance to depress the service brake pedal and
check if the lights are operative), and
- fill in the logbook and the faults book.

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E.3 Six Monthly Inspection Schedule

The operator is responsible for any required inspection and for the selection of a
competent person to do the inspection.

A record of each inspection shall be kept at the operators' premises. After the
completion of each inspection the details shall be recorded either in a log book or
on a computer database. The records shall be available on demand for examination
by a law enforcement officer.

A rigid vehicle shall be inspected and tested as in the case of a truck-tractor and
trailer combination.

TABLE 3 IN-HOUSE INSPECTION AND ROADWORTHINESS SCHEDULE

1 2 3
Item Truck-tractor Trailer
Inspect condition and tread to the legal minimum depth of 1 mm over whole tread.
Tyres Inspect for uniformity of wear over each tyre.
Check for under-inflation and over-inflation. Check for cuts and cracks in side walls.
Couple up as a rig if truck-tractor or trailer are under test.
Visually check system functioning - travel of push rods and adjustment.
Check system air gauges in cab to manufacturer's specifications.
Check time for air pressure build-up to limit set by manufacturer or by national
legislation (see annex A), whichever is the lower.
Check condition of all hoses and couplings throughout rig; check for fluid leaks and air
Brakes
leaks.
Check for severe air loss due to leaking, both when brakes are applied and when brakes
are released (also for handbrake system).
Carry out rig running tests on unloaded rig.
Check for correct wheel lock-up, where appropriate, when brakes are applied and also
when handbrake is applied.
Clutch Check clutch pedal travel and resistance.
Check steering wheel for free play and undue resistance.
Steering
Check servomechanism, if fitted, for correct operation and for leaks.
Ensure that all lamps are working and are in a serviceable condition,
and that lenses are clean and not broken.
Electrical
Check electrical interconnections and wiring throughout for serviceability
and securement, including traffic indicators and rear lights.
Reflectors Check condition and cleanliness of chevron boards and reflectors throughout.

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1 2 3
Item Truck-tractor Trailer
Visually check for oil, fuel and water leaks.
Check condition and tension of all drive belts.
Check oil level in steering reservoir.
Under the bonnet Check brake and clutch oil levels in reservoirs.
Check water level in screen washer reservoir.
Carry out a general inspection
of electrical harnesses and connections.
Check operation of all gauges, warning lights and
indicators, including trailer brake lights.
Check securement of all devices: handbrake,
foot pedals, steering column fittings, etc.
Check switches: direction indicators and horn, hazard-
Cab checks (inside cab)
warning switch, headlights and high/low beam switch,
and wiper and washer switches.
Check seat securement.
Check for standard accessories: vehicle jack, jack
handle, wheel spanner and warning triangles.
Check condition and
securement
of rubbing plate and kingpin,
landing legs, whether
operational
and complete with handle.
Check mounting, condition
Trailer (couplings)
(wear)
and securement of draw-bar
hitch, A frame and pins, A bar
pivot mountings, turntable ball
race, pup trailer 100 mm ball
and gooseneck, and pup trailer
hitch.

Suspension General visual inspection of all suspension assemblies throughout rig.

Visually check cargo tanker shells, mountings and frame for deterioration due to
Chemical effects
chemical reaction.

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