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6-1. r\o, u.:callynot. for example i.fth!sample is (2.3} tbt mao 1.12 .. $ wblclt i.J not
6-1.
r\o, u.:callynot. for example i.fth!sample is (2.3} tbt mao 1.12
..
$
wblclt i.J not aaobservatioa i.a tte sample.
6-1. r\o, u.:callynot. for example i.fth!sample is (2.3} tbt mao 1.12 .. $ wblclt i.J not
6-1. r\o, u.:callynot. for example i.fth!sample is (2.3} tbt mao 1.12 .. $ wblclt i.J not

X-

L: x,

1

1

II

-

592 035

8

= 74 .0044 mm

Sam pl c,uia OOt:

8

:~:::>,-592.035

.. , E x, 2 - 8 .. 4 38 13. 1803 1 ,
..
,
E x, 2 -
8
..
4 38 13. 1803 1
,

4 38 13 . 18031 -

(s92.oJs) 2

.!

___....

L.

= ---- - --'8e ___

n-1

8 -

1

  • - 0 · 000 1569 = 0.0000224 14

7

( lllll1 ) 2

Samplc&t.llndardck:viarion:

S = ~0.000022414 = 0.004 73 JUJU

n.c: sa mplc &UI Ddn rd devia tion t»uld also be fo-und using

  • n-1

where

L:(x, - x} = 0.0001569

8

2

I= I

6-1. r\o, u.:callynot. for example i.fth!sample is (2.3} tbt mao 1.12 .. $ wblclt i.J not

73.9920

7 4. 0000

7 4 . 0080

0

74 .0 1 60

7 4 .02 4 0

7 4. 0320

-------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------diam~ter

ncr~ appmri to be a pot.SibleCMl-tlier ia thtd3t3 set.

6-1. r\o, u.:callynot. for example i.fth!sample is (2.3} tbt mao 1.12 .. $ wblclt i.J not

Sampleva ri ax:t:

f> ,-8 48 17 't, x; -600057949

,_,

,_,

2 84817 ( ) 6000 57949 - 12 = - --- --'-'~ n - 1 =
2
84817
(
)
6000 57949 -
12
= - --- --'-'~
n -
1
= 56 4324.92
- 5 1302.265
II
Sam pi c &tonda rd dcvla tlon:
s = .JS 1302.265
=
22 6 . 5
y ards

T~.e sample aUI Dda rd dtvi.tt rion t»uld also be fouod .:sing

~- 12 2 I: h-x) -56432 4.92
~-
12
2
I: h-x) -56432 4.92

,_,

Dot Dia,ram: (ro:u.nditlC was 11S«lto ereateWdot Ciag.ram)

.

.

-+---------+---- ----- +--- ---- --+----- ----+--------- +-----Cl

0

6900

70 5 0

7200

7350

75 00

6750

6

-u . &mpl e a'.tt"age:

X

=

35 ). 8

8

Sampl e , "ariance:

= 43.975

8

  • I >; = 35 1.8

    • i =l
      19

:L:>; =1 6 528.403

  • i =l

6 - u . &mp l e a'.tt"ag e : X = ). 8 Sam pl

n -1

2

( 35 1. 8) 16528 .0 43 - .l

....___

JC

..

8

= --------"-

8 -1

1057 .99 8

=

7

=

15 1.143

Sample standa rdde>.i a ti on:

·· = J l 5 1. 143 =1>.'94

Tf!.esample standard de-.ia ti on oou.!d a lso be found using

t (x,- x/ s = 1J 2; .:=1.1---- n -1 where 8 2 I: (x, -
t (x,- x/
s =
1J 2; .:=1.1----
n -1
where
8
2
I: (x, - x) =
10 57.998

I = I

Do t Diagram:

+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+-------

24

.0

32 .0

4 0.0

4 8.0

5 6 . 0

64 .0

6 -13.

11 =

6

905

127

O= .;44: Tlte \'8 lne.;44 is tlte popula tio n mea n since: theacttul l physica l popula tio n o f a ll fligh t ti mes d uring t lt-eopera tio n is

aV3 il able.

6 -15. Sampl ea , wageof o:ercisegroup:

"

I: x,

X

=

i = l

"

3 454 .68 = 287 .89

12

Sampl e vari a nee ofexercise group:

l: x, = l: x? =

3 4 54 .68

111 852 1. 5 4

.,,

[ t x.] 2

tx~- 1- 1

s 2 =

t- 1

I

11-1

n

123953 .7 1

=

II

11 268 .52

( 3 4 5 4 · 68 )

2

1

11 852 1. 54 - 12 -1

12

Sampl estands rd devia tio n ofexercise group:

'= ~11268.52 = 101>.15

Dot Oi.agtil m of exercise group: • • . ... . - . . ) •
Dot Oi.agtil m of exercise group:
• •
.
...
.
-
.
.
)
'
...
'
"'
"'
"'
Sampl e average of no o:erci~ group:
n
l: x,
26 00.08
X
=
i = l
325 .0 10
8
"
Sampl e \ "ari anoe of no exercise group:
"
I: \ =26oo .o8
i = l
I:x; = 9 4 7873 .4
i = l
2
( 2600 · 08 )
9 4 7873 .4 -
8
Il -l
8 -1
=
10282 1.4 = 14 688 .77
7

Sampl esta nda rdde>.i a tionof ooo:ercisegroup:

5=~14688.77 =1,1 .20

Dot Oi.agtil m of no exercise g ro up:

. ~ -- ----~~------ -L ~ ,~ -- ------~ ~ ~ 0 ------ -- ~ .~

.~ ------~~-------L~,~--------~~~0--------~.~~--------~~ ------~.~~----A-JL~~·

. ~ -- ----~~------ -L ~ ,~ -- ------~ ~ ~ 0 ------ -- ~ .~

6· 17.

X =

"

L -\

i = l

=

n

57 .47

8

7. 184

[ f>]2 tx;-- i = l r ! 2 =-";=-~'-------'-'--­ 0.00299 = 0.000427 11 - 1
[ f>]2
tx;--
i = l
r
! 2 =-";=-~'-------'-'--­
0.00299 = 0.000427
11 -
1
8 -
1
7

s = .J'o.-oo-0-

42-7 = o.o2066

Exa mpl es: r epcata bility o! t.J!.e test equipme':lt, time lag btTh·cen samples . duri ng which the pH of the solution could change, ar

..

d

Opel<~t Or skiU in drawing

tt.es:am pi e o r using tt.e. instrument.

6-19. a) x =6s.86¢F

s= J~Ll6°F

Dot Diagram

-+--------- +---------+---------+---------+---------+----- t~mp

3 0

4 0

so

6 0

7 0

80

  • b) RemO\i ng tf!.esma Ji est obs.etva ti on{jl ). the sam pl e mean and standard deo.i a tion b "''Ome ..

6 · 17 . X = " L -\ i = l = n 57 .4
  • X :66.8f>° F

s= U) .74 ° P

f>-~1. The medianwi.ll equal tle mode when the sampl e issymm etri c ,,i tha s i ngle mode. Tf"l,{'symmrtry i mpli es tle mode is a t the center of ~.hi:

sa mpl e.

  • 6 · 23· ~'tern-and-leafd ispl ay

fo r C)'Cits to tSiJ ure: u.nit =

100 *-rep resents 1::!00 .

1

OT

3

  • 1 OF OS

  • 5 7777

1

0 8889 9

Oo

  • 2 1 *

2

00 00000 11111

33

1 T

2222222 3333

( 1 5)

l F

4444 5555555555

22

1S

66 6 67 7 777 7 7

11

l o

8888 99

2 *

  • 5 0 11

  • 2 22

2T

Median = l4$6.:; . Q 1 = 1097.S. aociQj = 173.; .0 No. onlys o nt of70 couponssuni\'ed beyond 2000

<:)'Cir s.

..

 

(>· 2

5·

Stem-and-leafdis pl ay for Problem ~-4. yield: unit = 1 112 reprcs.eot.s 1:1

  • 1 7 o

8

  • 1 8*

  • 7 2 23333

8 T

 

2 1

8 F 44444444 555555

38

8S

6 6 6 6 66 666 6 7777777

( 11 )

8o

88 8889 999 99

41

9 *

000000000

0 1111

27

9 T

22 2 33333

1 9

9 F 44444444 5555

 
  • 7 9S

66 66 77

  • 1 8

9o

Median= 89.2.jO , Q 1 = 86.tOO , andQ 3

= 93.12.5

  • 6 · '7 . Sam pl emro;an isal (lO;

I)= 3.;.;th obse" a tio o. tr£mro;an ; Sl<j6.;.

Modes a r e llO~.l~p.;,and 17.50 wlti chare t.J!.c most frequent data .

 

"

L \

X =-"i="''-

Samp! e

mean:

n

98259 = 1403 .7

70

 
  • 6 · 29.

Do oot use tlte total asanobse:n -ati on. T!t

"l'ea

r e 23obsen 'a ti ons.

St.~-::.r.d-lc::.f ~f !lllib r. :>! k iL~·=-~~ "t;,ur:.

-.

23

 

(k.i t.

..

100

 

HB)

OOGC•OOC·Ot:OGC•OOOll t

5

0

n

3

0

5

2

0

2

• •

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

I

6

th

Sampl e

median is a t 1:1

= 3843.

 
Sam pl e med i an i s a t 1 :1 = 3843 . X
 

X = _,i="''-

Ssmpl e

mean:

n

 

..

Sam pl e va ri ance: s

= 1.;0673.8

4398 . 8

23

I 9 1.0

Sampl estanda rd devia tion: s = 388.2

6-~1. Stem-and· !Cilfdisp! ayfor Prob!em6-~ .Strength: unit = 1.0 112 r~resents 1::!

 
  • 1 5 32

9

  • 1 5 33

  • 2 5 34

2

  • 4 5 3 5

4

7

  • 5 5 3 6

6

  • 9 5 37

5678

 
 
  • 20 5 38

1

23 45 778888

 
  • 26 5 39

0

1 6999

 
  • 3 7 54 0

111

66677889

 
  • 4 6 541

1

23666688

( 1

3)

54 2

0011222357 899

  • 41 54 3

0

1111 25 5 6

  • 33 544

000

1 2 4 55 6 7 8

  • 22 54 5

233

4457 899

1 3

54 6

23569

 
 

8

54 7

3

57

5

54 8

11 257

 
  • i -

05 x 100 =

9 5 *

i =

95. 5 *

95lh pe1te nti le is 5479

10 0

 

6 ·3;3. Stem-a nd-leaf displ ay for Problem 6-::!

5.

Ya rd: unit = 1.0

Note: Mini tab Msdropped tlt.e \ "aJue

to the Mgltt of tltedecimaJ to m.ake thisdisp! ay.

 
  • 1 22

 

6

  • 5 23

  • 233 4

 
  • 8 23

677

  • 1 6

  • 2 4

00 11 2 444

20

  • 2 4

55 78

 
 
  • 33 25

0

1111 2233 4444

4

  • 6 25

555555 6677899

( 1 5 )

 

26

0000

111 2333 4444

 
  • 39 26

56677 888

  • 31 27

0000

11 2222233333 444

1

  • 2 27

66788999

 
  • 4 28

003

 
  • 1 28

5

 

n

100

L:x;

I: \

Sampl

e

Mea nx =

i= l

-

l = l

26030.2 = 260.3 ~W'ds

 

n

100

100

Sampl e Standard Oevia tio n

100

L: x; = 26030 .2

i= l

t

x:- [ t i= J x] J 2

s2- =

i= l

n

=

n -1

179 . 782

y ards 2

and

s = .J' 17-9-. 7-8-2 = 13 .41

and

100

L: xJ = 67935 12

i= 1

«26030.2 )'

--''-

67 93 5 I 2 - -"-----,-,

...

100

17798 .42

100 -1

yards

99

SampJe Median

100 Z60 . BS
100
Z60 . BS

63,5. Stem-and-JeafdisplayofProblemf,. :l.7. Rating: uni t = 0 .10 112 represents 1.2

  • 1 83

0

 
  • 2 8 4

0

  • 5 85

000

  • 7 86

00

  • 9 8 7

00

1 2

88

000

18

89

000000

(7)

90

0000000

1 5

91

0000000

  • 8 92

0000

 
  • 4 93

0

  • 3 9 4

0

  • 2 95

00

Sample Meso

 

n

X =

I:: xi

i- l

X = I:: xi i- l Ssm pl eStanda r d OC\iation

Ssm pl eStanda rd OC\iation

3578

40

= 89 .45

 

" I:: x; = 3578

4 0

i= l

"

t >?,- 1= 1 J

[

]

and

40

I::xJ= 320366

i= l

2

I:: x

2

(

3578)

320366 - -'-----'-

sl =

i= J

n

  • 40 3 13 .9

n -

1

4 0 -

1

39

= 8.05

and s = J8 .05 = 2 .8

Sam pl e Mediao

V:~.:i.ehlc ,." 90 . 000 "i'i./ 40 o r .:;.:;5(;ofthe taste tc.st ersoonsid -.ed tlt.is partict!lar
V:~.:i.ehlc
,."
90 . 000
"i'i./ 40 o r .:;.:;5(;ofthe taste tc.st ersoonsid
-.ed
tlt.is partict!lar Pinot Noir trulyo:cepti onal

6 -37 . Stem~nd-leafdisplayfor Problem 6-29. Heigh.t: unit= 0 .10 * ''represents 1.2

F e

ma l e

S tud e n

t s

Mal e

St ud e nt s

0

.61

1

 
  • 00 62

3

  • 00 63

5

  • 0000 6 4

9

0 0000000 6 5

1 7

2

65

00

  • 0000 ( 4)

66

 

3

66

0

00000000

67

1 6

7

67

0000

00000

68

8

1 7

68

0000000000

00

69

3

15 )

69

000000000000000

0

70

1

1 8

70

0000000

 

1 1

71

00000

6

72

00

4

73

00

2

7 4

0

1

75

0

6 • 3,5 . Stem-a nd - JeafdisplayofProblemf, . :l.7 . Rating: uni t = 0

6-39.

<:l a ce

LCwor

Lo1nt1t

1.,1ppor ROl<t.t1VO C\ll'IU laU VQ Ml(JpOln t FrQqu.&nc y L1!111t F'l'Q(J\lQnCY Fl'Q(l\J Oney
1.,1ppor
ROl<t.t1VO
C\ll'IU laU VQ
Ml(JpOln t
FrQqu.&nc y
L1!111t
F'l'Q(J\lQnCY
Fl'Q(l\J
Oney

C\lm.

Rol.

rrqquenc-.1

 

.000

 

0

.0000

  • 0 . 0000

at

o r

belorw

1

.000

266 . 667

133 . 133

0

.0000

  • 0 . 000 0

2

266.667

  • 531.333 1

4 00 . 000

.0143

1

.0 1<6 3

3

533.333

  • 800.000 666 . 667

4

.0 571

5

. 0 714

4

800 . 000

1066.667

93 3. 333

11

.1 571

16

n

.

22 8 6

.4714

5

1066 .

667

1333.333

1 200.000

17

.2 4 29

6

llll. 323

16 00 . 000

1466 . 667

15

.2Ul

48

.6857

7

1600.000

1866.667

1733.333

12

.1'?14

60

. 9571

8

1866.667

2133.333

2000.000

.1143

68

. 971 4

9

2133.333

2400.000

2266 . tHi 7

2

.0286

70

1.0000

above 2400.000

0

. 0000

7 0

1.0000

6 • 3,5 . Stem-a nd - JeafdisplayofProblemf, . :l.7 . Rating: uni t = 0

Standard Dwvlatio n = 4.0 2.l8S

6 • 3,5 . Stem-a nd - JeafdisplayofProblemf, . :l.7 . Rating: uni t = 0

15 -

s -
s
-

0 -

1

J

1 J

r

1

1

1

r

500

7:1:!

1000

1250

1500

1750

2000

2250

number of c)Cies to fa ilure

6 -4 I.

Frequency ?aDulation to r B:Y.~rc 1se 6-2S.Y14ld

LOWil r

RelaUvo&

cumulati ve

CUD

Rel.

------------------~----~-------~-----------------------------------~----------------~

class

Limit

~r

t

Midpoint

rrequO?ncy

FTequency

Fr~ency

..

Frequency

belo

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

a t

o r

77.000

0

0.0000

0

0.0000

1

2

3

77.000

79. 400

  • 8 1 .800

79 . 40

0

81.80 0

8 4 .200

18. 2 00

80.6 00

83.000

1

0

11

0.

011 1

0 . 0000 0 . 1222

1

1

12

0.0111

0.0111

0 . ll3l

s

6

7

8.t . 200

86.600

89.000

  • 9 1.400

86.600

89.000

91. 400

93 .

800

85.4 00

87.800

90.200

92 . 600

1 8

13

u

0.2 000

0. 14.44

0.21 11

0 .1000

lO

<3

62

71

o.nn

0.4778

0.6889

0.1899

8

93 . 80 0

9 6.

200

95

.

0 00

13

0. U44

8 4

0. 9l3l

9

1 0

above

96.2 00 98 .600 1 0 1. 0 00

98.600

10 1.000

97.

99 .

400

800

6

0

0

0 .06 67

0.0000

0.0000

90

90

90

1.0000

1. 0000 1 . 0000

------ =- -89.3756

tiean

------ - -------

Standar

d

-------------------------------------

oevlaclon =

;&.llS9 1

Med ian = 8--9 -. 25----- ---------- ------ --

>-

v

c

«>

OD

~

0

  • "o- ~

LL

~

10

0

' ' ' 8 0 85 9 0
'
'
'
8 0
85
9 0

95

100

6-43.

Histogram8bins:

HistogramofCydes to faUure ( 16 biu )

" , .... , " ,-- - ,--- 1- ...... - r- • I- ll 2
"
,
....
,
"
,--
-
,---
1-
......
-
r-
I- ll
2
n
'I'
0
200
!".00
000
1100
IC
1700
2al()
2m

C)da tofabe Of .rurilumtHtcoupcns

Hist ogram 16 bim:

 

H.istogum.o f P e tCent*gc o f cotton ( 8 l i n$)

 
la O l ?.a ll.G 34.<1 35.2 360 36.8 3 7 . (;
la O l ?.a ll.G 34.<1 35.2 360 36.8 3 7 . (;

la O

l ?.a

ll.G

34.<1

35.2

360

36.8

3 7. (;

'

0

f'IRltntl!!l•ohotton-.lnf!W1 w ileuMd to .,

._

,.,.fKtq, ..

men~ ._

irts

Yes. bothoftl:-em g_hetl:-esamesimilar informa tion.

6-45.

Hist ogram

Hi stog ram of Energy

10
10

The data areskewed.

6-47. The h.istog.~<~m for the spot wclds.M.srstrength data sltows tha t thed.<lb a ppear to be oorma lly distributed {tJ!.esameshape tha t a ppears io Ute s tem · leaf-dis g ram).

20 -

6-47 . The h.istog.~<~m for t he spo t wclds.M.srs tr ength data sltows t ha

0

 

_--l

L .-I

 

.

1

'

S320 5340 S300 5300 5400 5420 5440 S400 S4SO SSOO

shear strength

6-49.

Yes. the ~istogram oft.hedistanced3ta sf!.o,

-s

the same shape as tl'.estem-andAeaf d isplay in l'Jiercise6·f.l3.

20

r-

,-

r- ,-
 
 

J

6-49 . Yes. th e ~istogram oft.hedistanced3ta sf!.o, -s th e same shape as tl'.estem-andAeaf d

0

 

2<!)

228

236

244

252

260

268

276

284

292

 

distance

 

6·.51.

Yes, the J!.istogNm o ftJ!

ev.;ne

ra ti ng dsta sltows the same shape as IJ!.estcm-and·leaf displ ayioo:etcis.e 6-:}.5.

6-47 . The h.istog.~<~m for t he spo t wclds.M.srs tr ength data sltows t ha
6-47 . The h.istog.~<~m for t he spo t wclds.M.srs tr ength data sltows t ha

85

90

rating

95

6-47 . The h.istog.~<~m for t he spo t wclds.M.srs tr ength data sltows t ha

V:t:d11.0lc

t.i:r!C':

"

:-".Clll'\

2 . 1, 1.5

V:t!'i;:.b lc

ti=

Mi:-.~

1 . 750

:-:edi:t:-.

2

. 1,1, 0

......~

x i:nc

..

on

3 . LSO

6-47 . The h.istog.~<~m for t he spo t wclds.M.srs tr ength data sltows t ha

01

1 .91~

a .) Sllmple Mean: l415 Sllmpl eStaOOa rd Devia tio n: 0-543

b .) Box Pl ot - The:reare oo o ntliers in tJ!.edata.

SeUev

0.53~

03

2 . 973

6-47 . The h.istog.~<~m for t he spo t wclds.M.srs tr ength data sltows t ha

0 . 1.1?9

l O '·' 2 . 0 Box p1o tof P er Clenta:ge I

l O

'·'

2.0

Boxp1otof PerClenta:ge

I

l O '·' 2 . 0 Box p1o tof P er Clenta:ge I
l O '·' 2 . 0 Box p1o tof P er Clenta:ge I

6·55 ·

Oc.scriptiveStatisti<'S

952 . (,1.

6 · 55 · Oc.scriptiveStatisti<'S 952 . (,1. 9S3 . 0G 952 . -ioi 1/ ..

9S3 . 0G

!'': ::Cen

952 . -ioi

1/

..

-:.::ieblc

  • 948 . CO

957 . 00

  • a) Sample Mean: 95~.44

Sample Variance: 9-53

01

9<9 . 5{1

Sample standard lk\iation: 3.09

St.iJc•J

.J . C9

O>

955 . OC•

:-:e~r;

1.03

  • b) Median: 9.:i3; aoyincrease.in ii'.i! la rgest temperature measurement v.i ll not affoct the median.

c)

~ 9 S4 9 57 956 955 !1. 953 ! 952 9 5 > 950 949
~ 9 S4
9 57
956
955
!1. 953
!
952
9 5 >
950
949
948
Box plot of Tefl'll'lratu r e

6 -5 i' .

Oescriptiw Statistics ofO · ting joint temperature data

V.:tr~llbiC'l

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.:'.c::.r. 65 . 1!6

Y.c::ikr.

GLSO

rr.:'.c::.r.

66 . t:.G

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~4 . 00

a)

Median=67.SO

[.m,·er Quartile: Q 1 =58.so

Upper Quartile: Qj=75.00

Ol

5E . 50

  • b) Data ''lith !owe.st point remm<OO

03

iS . C•O

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66 . 66

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67 . 35

Q1

60 . 00

St.Dev

i0 . 14

03

15 . 00

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l.E2

The mean and median h.a\oe increasedand the standard d:e\i.ation and difference bet\.o.·een t~.i! upper and IOb'et qus rti !e has decres

..

~.

c ) Box Pl ot: The box pl ot indicates tha t there isa n olltli er int.l'.edata .

957 956 95 5 9 49 595 4 p5 3 ! 9S2 95 > 9 50
957
956
95 5
9 49
595 4
p5 3
!
9S2
95 >
9 50
948
Box plot of Tefl'll'lratu re

6-59. The box pl ot s.J!.ows tbesame b.'lsic information as tt,e stem-and-leaf plot b1:t ina ditferi!nt forma t. n ,eolltli ers tr.at were separated from the nujo portionoffl!.estem and leaf plo t ares~.own !teN! separated fro m tt.ewhis km-s.

 

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lk>~plot of Bllllon of kilowatt hours

64>1. This plo t.ils the s tem-and-leafone . indicates thst fl!.eda ta fall mostlyinooe region and thst fl!.e messnrements toh-s td t.f!.e codsof tl:-e

range a te more rue .

Box pi~ of Weld Sttergtll

Box pi~ of Weld Sttergtll

64>.}.

Wecans.ee that tJt.e ""-o<tistribntioniseem t o be centered a t d ifferent va.l ues.

Boxptot o f Femal e, Ma l a

;,) ll 68 ~• * * 76 72 8) 74 68 64 62 Female .....
;,)
ll 68
~•
*
*
76
72
8)
74
68
64
62
Female
.....
 

64>.; .

All disttibJ: tioma:reoentereda t abont tl.esame , oah re, bnt h:nedifferent

va riances.

 

0

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1000

0 ""'""" """"' 1 000 """ Boxploto f H l !tl Dose, Contr d , Contro
0 ""'""" """"' 1 000 """ Boxploto f H l !tl Dose, Contr d , Contro

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Boxplotof Hl !tl Dose, Contrd , Control_ I , Q>ntrd _2

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sco

sec:uon6·5

 

64>7 .

Stem-and-lcafd ispl ay tOr Force: uni t = ! 1!2 repre.s.ents 12

 

3

1 7

5 59

 

6

1

9

35 7

1

4

1

9

00 4 4 5 5 99

1

9

2 0

1399

(

5

)

2 1

00239

1

7

2 2

00 5

14

 

2 3

5679

1

0

2

4

15 5 5999

3

2

5

15 9

n me Serln f'fotof P\ill~ff force 200 ,., '"
n me Serln f'fotof P\ill~ff force
200
,.,
'"
, /I \ 1 J,., • • ·~ L---------r-----~--~~--~--~--" vJ 100 . \j \j \j \
, /I
\ 1
J,.,
·~ L---------r-----~--~~--~--~--"
vJ
100
.
\j \j
\j \ ·~ \j
~:
'
I
'Ill
'li ""
I
..

rn tlt.-e tim e series plot tft.ere a ppears to be a do'h-mvard trend beg,inning. aft er tim ejO . Tlt.estem-and-lesf plo t does oot re~oeal this .

6 .f>9. Stem-and-leaf o f Wo lfer

sunspot N = 100

~ef t.lr:i t. t. 0

l1

0

29

1

39

2

so

l

00lt.55617Q9

(,

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5

04579

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e

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il:i

9

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B

B

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lt.

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-1

n.edata 8 p pe3ts to decrease bet'\,,. teO 1791) aDd 18.35. tf'.est