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STRAP BEAM FOOTING

Inputs Fill all in Boxes


C1(Exterior) C2(Interior)
Column Loads, kN
72.00 115.00
C/C Dist. Btwen. Col.(s) 3.18
Grade of Concrete,fck 20 N/mm2
Grade of Steel, fy 500 N/mm2
Soil Bearing Capacity 120 N/mm2
Total C/C Legth of Cols. 3.18 m
Size of Large column side 350 mm
Footing Size L1xB1 L2xB2

1) To fix the dimension of Footing


i) Total load Transfered by the Columns,W=
W= 187.00 kN

ii) Self Wt. of the footing and earth over it


Assume @ 10% of W= 18.700 kN
Hence Total Wt. W= 205.700 kN

Required area of footing (L1xB1 + L2xB2) 1.71 m2 Eqn-1

Location of C.g from C1, n= 1.950 m

Lets choose l1 such that the C.G. of the footing lies at the mid of the footing length
m= 0.300 m
L1*B1*(m+n-0.5*L1)=L2*B2*(s-n)
L1*B1*(0.3+1.95-0.5*L1)=L2*B2*(3.17682926829268- 2.25 1.230 6.96
2.25L1*B1-0.5*L1^2*B1=1.23L2*B2
Consider B1=B2=B
2.25L1-0.5*L1^2=1.23L2 Eqn-2
From Eqn-1 And Eqn-2, We get
(L1+(2.25*L1-0.5*L1)/1.23)=4.2066/B 4.2066 33.72
L1^2-6.96L1+4.2066/B=0
Consider L1= 1.22

B= 1.32
L2= 1.220
Adopt B= 1.32
Adopt L2= 1.22
iv) Net Upward Pressure,P= 58.060 kN/m2 OK

Lets take width of the pedestal = 50 mm


b1= 0.3 mm
b2= 0.3 mm
Load per meter of beam= 76.64 kN/m
Factored Load= 76.64 kN/m

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STRAP BEAM FOOTING

2) Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagram


i) S.F Diagram
S.F at L1= 0.00 kN
S.F at Left of C1= -121.85 kN
S.F at right of C1= 11.50 kN
S.F at Left of C2= -11.50 kN
S.F at Right of C2= 121.85 kN
S.F at L2= 0.00 kN

Location of Point of Zero Shear Force


a) Between edge of C1 and C2= 1.590 m from right face of C1

b) Between left and right face of column C2= 1.59 m from left face of C2

ii) B.M. Diagram


B.M at L1= 0.00 Hogging
B.M. at C1= -0.86 Hogging
Max B.M. at between C1 and C2= 116.018 Sagging
B.M. at C2= -0.860 Hogging
B.M. at L2= 0.000 kN-m Hogging

3) Slab Design
i) Depth of Slab
Cantilever Projection= 0.51 m
Factored upward pressure= 58.060 kN/mm2
Max B.M. in Slab= 7.55 kN-m/m

Thickness Cosidering Moment


d= 53.27 mm
D= 111.275 mm
Adopt the Depth, D= 125 mm See Above Cell to adopt the final value
Depth at edge, D'= 150 mm See Above Cell to adopt the final value
final value of d= 67
ii) Rebar of Slab, Ast 319.72 mm2/m
Dia. Bar used= 12 mm
Spacing of bar 353.73 mm
Use 12 mm bar @ 125 mm c/c See Above Cell to adopt the final value

iii) Development Check


Ld Required= 684 mm
Available Ld with 50 mm cover = 580 mm
Not safe

iv) Distribution bar


Provide @.15% of X area= 206.25 mm2/m
Dia. Bar used= 12 mm
Spacing of bar 548.35 mm
Use 12 mm bar @ 150 mm c/c See Above Cell to adopt the final value

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STRAP BEAM FOOTING

4) Design of Beam
i) Calculation of depth of beam
width of beam, b1= 300 mm

Depth of beam is designed for the maximum moment, considering it as a singly reinforced balanced section.
bd2=Mu,max/(0.36fck(xu,l/d)(1-0.416xu,l/d)
Effective depth of beam(d)= 393.00
Adopt overall depth, D= 400 mm See Above Cell to adopt the final value
final value of d= 342

ii) Reinforcement for Hogging Bending Moment ( Top Bars)


So for Tension bar
Ast= 7.13 mm2
Dia. Bar used= 16 mm
Number of bars= 0.04 Nos.
Adpot Number of Bars= 3 Nos. See Above Cell to adopt the final value

iii) Reinforcement for Sagging Bending Moment ( Bottom Bars)


Tension bar Ast
Ast= 962.41 mm2
Dia. Bar used= 16 mm
Number of bars= 4.79 Nos.
Adopt Number of Bars= 5 Nos. See Above Cell to adopt the final value

v) Design of Shear reinforcement


Dia. Of bar used= 8 mm
Area of bar used, Asv= 50.27 mm2
No. of legged= 2 Legged
Vu 121.85
pt= 0.94
From IS 456:2000(Table 19), Tc= 0.69
Vus=Vu-Tc*b*d = 51.03 KN
Sv= 243.238 mm c/c
Adopt, Sv= 100 mm c/c See Above Cell to adopt the final value

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