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1 BarCharts, Inc. ® WORLD’S #1 ACADEMIC OUTLINE 18 1 H 1.008 2 He 4.003 Hydrogen
1
BarCharts, Inc. ®
WORLD’S #1 ACADEMIC OUTLINE
18
1
H 1.008
2
He 4.003
Hydrogen
Helium
1s 1
1s 2
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
1
2.2
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
37
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
0.75
13.60
24.59
Unstable Anion
2
13
14
15
16
17
3
Li 6.94
4
Be
9.01
Electronegativity:
5
B 10.81
6
C 12.01
7
N 14.01
8
O 16.00
9
F
19.00
10
Ne 20.18
Lithium
Beryllium
Pauling scale; measures ability of atom
to attract electrons in a chemical bond
Boron
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
1s 2 2s 1
1s 2 2s 2
1s 2 2s 2 p 1
1s 2 2s 2 p 2
1s 2 2s 2 p 3
1s 2 2s 2 p 4
1s 2 2s 2 p 5
1s 2 2s 2 p 6
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Atomic Radius:
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
1
0.98
2
1.57
3
2.04
4,2
2.55
+ –
3,5,4,2
3.04
-2
3.44
-1
3.98
given in “pm”; 1 pm = 1x10 -12 m
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
152
(+1)76
111
(+2)45
80
77
(+4)16
74
(+3)16
74
(-2)140
71
(-1)133
Ionic Radius:
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
0.62
5.39
9.32
0.28
8.30
1.26
11.26
14.53
1.46
13.62
3.40
17.42
21.57
Unstable Anion
given in “pm”; 1 pm = 1x10 -12 m
Unstable Anion
Unstable Anion
Electron Affinity:
11
Na 22.99
12
Mg 24.31
13
Al 26.98
14
Si 28.09
15
P 30.97
16
S 32.07
17
Cl 35.45
18
Ar 39.95
energy released in the formation of an
anion: given in “eV”
Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminum
Silicon
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Chlorine
Argon
Atomic Number: number of protons
[Ne]3s 1
[Ne]3s 2
[Ne]3s 2 p 1
[Ne]3s 2 p 2
[Ne]3s 2 p 3
[Ne]3s 2 p 4
[Ne]3s 2 p 5
[Ne]3s 2 p 6
1st Ionization Potential:
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Atomic Weight: weighted average of atomic masses of natural isotopes
energy required to remove one electron,
1
0.93
2
1.31
3
1.61
4
1.90
+ –
3,5,4
2.19
+ –
2,4,6
2.58
+ –
1,3,5,7
3.16
forming a cation; given in “eV”
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
- mass number of the most stable isotope for each radioactive element
186
(+1)102
160
(+2)72
143
(+3)54
118
(+4)40
110
(+5)17
103
(-2)184
99
(-1)181
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
0.55
5.14
7.65
0.44
5.99
1.39
8.15
0.75
10.49
2.08
10.36
3.61
12.97
15.76
Unstable Anion
Unstable Anion
3
4
5
6
7
89
10
11
12
19
K 39.10
20
Ca 40.08
21
Sc 44.96
22
Ti 47.87
23
V 50.94
24
Cr 52.00
25
Mn 54.94
26
Fe 55.85
27
Co 58.93
28
Ni 58.69
29
Cu 63.55
30
Zn 65.39
31
Ga 69.72
32
Ge 72.61
33
As 74.92
34
Se 78.96
35
Br 79.90
36
Kr 83.80
Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton
[Ar]4s 1
[Ar]4s 2
[Ar]3d 1 4s 2
[Ar]3d 2 4s 2
[Ar]3d 3 4s 2
[Ar]3d 5 4s 1
[Ar]3d 5 4s 2
[Ar]3d 6 4s 2
[Ar]3d 7 4s 2
[Ar]3d 8 4s 2
[Ar]3d 10 4s 1
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2 p 1
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2 p 2
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2 p 3
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2 p 4
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2 p 5
[Ar]3d 10 4s 2 p 6
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
1
0.82
2
1.00
3
1.36
4
1.54
5.3
1.63
6,3,2
1.66
7,6,4,2,3
1.55
2,3
1.83
2,3
1.88
2,3
1.91
2,1
1.90
2
1.65
3
1.81
4
2.01
+ –
3,5
2.18
+ –
2,4,6
2.55
+ –
1,5
2.96
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
227
(+1)151
197
(+2)100
161
(+3)75
145
(+4)61
131
(+5)54
125
(+3)62
137
(+2)67
124
(+3)55
125
(+2)65
125
(+2)69
128
(+2)73
133
(+2)74
122
(+3)62
123
(+4)53
125
(+3)58
116
(-2)198
114
(-1)196
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
0.50
4.34
0.04
6.11
0.19
6.56
0.08
6.83
0.53
6.75
0.67
6.77
7.43
0.151
7.90
0.66
7.88
1.16
7.64
1.24
7.73
9.39
0.3
5.10
1.23
7.90
0.81
9.81
2.02
9.75
3.36
11.81
14.00
Unstable Anion
Unstable Anion
Unstable Anion
37
Rb 85.47
38
Sr 87.62
39
Y 88.91
40
Zr 91.22
41
Nb 92.91
42
Mo 95.94
43
Tc
98
44
Ru 101.1
45
Rh 102.9
46
Pd 106.4
47
Ag 107.9
48
Cd 112.4
49
In 114.8
50
Sn 118.7
51
Sb 121.8
52
Te 127.6
53
I 126.9
54
Xe 131.3
Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium
Molybdenum
Technetium
Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium
Tin
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
[Kr]5s 1
[Kr]5s 2
[Kr]4d 1 5s 2
[Kr]4d 2 5s 2
[Kr]4d 4 5s 1
[Kr]4d 5 5s 1
[Kr]4d 5 5s 2
[Kr]4d 7 5s 1
[Kr]4d 8 5s 1
[Kr]4d 10
[Kr]4d 10 5s 1
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2 p 1
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2 p 2
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2 p 3
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2 p 4
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2 p 5
[Kr]4d 10 5s 2 p 6
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
1
0.82
2
0.95
3
1.22
4
1.33
5,3
1.60
6,5,4,3,2
2.16
7
2.10
2,3,4,6,8
2.20
2,3,4
2.28
2,4
2.20
1
1.93
2
1.69
3
1.78
4,2
1.96
+ –
3,5
2.05
+ –
2,4,6
2.10
+ –
1,5,7
2.66
2.60
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
248
(+1)161
215
(+2)126
178
(+3)102
159
(+4)84
143
(+5)64
136
(+6)59
135
133
(+3)68
135
(+3)67
138
(+2)64
145
(+1)115
149
(+2)95
163
(+3)80
141
(+4)45
145
(+3)76
143
(-2)221
133
(-1)220
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
0.49
4.18
0.11
5.70
0.31
6.22
0.43
6.63
0.90
6.76
0.75
7.09
0.55
7.28
1.05
7.36
1.14
7.46
0.56
8.34
1.30
7.58
8.99
0.30
5.79
1.11
7.34
1.07
8.64
1.97
9.01
3.06
10.45
12.13
Unstable Anion
Unstable Anion
55
Cs 132.9 56 Ba 137.3
57
La 138.9
72
Hf 178.5
73
Ta 180.9
74
W 183.8
75
Re 186.2
76
Os 190.2
77
Ir 192.2
78
Pt 195.1
79
Au 197.0
80
Hg 200.6
81
Tl 204.4
82
Pb 207.2
83
Bi 209.0
84
Po 209
85
At
210
86
Rn 222
Cesium
Barium
Lanthanum
Hafnium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Thallium
Lead
Bismuth
Polonium
Astatine
Radon
[Xe]6s 1
[Xe]6s 2
[Xe]5d 1 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 2 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 3 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 4 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 5 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 6 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 7 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 9 6s 1
[Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 1
[Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 1 [Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 3 [Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 4 [Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 5 [Xe]4f 14 5d 10 6s 2 p 6
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
1
0.79
2
0.89
3
1.10
4
1.3
5
1.5
6,5,4,3,2
1.7
7,6,4,2,-1
1.9
2,3,4,6,8
2.2
2,3,4,6
2.2
2,4
2.2
3,1
2.4
2,1
1.9
3,1
1.8
4,2
1.8
3,5
1.9
4,2
2.0
+ –
1,3,5,7
2.2
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
265
(+1)174
217
(+2)142
187
(+3)116
156
(+4)83
143
(+5)64
137
(+6)60
137
(+7)53
134
(+4)63
136
(+4)63
139
(+4)63
144
(+3)85
150
(+2)102
170
(+1)159
175
(+2)119
155
(+3)103
118
(+4)–
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
0.47
3.89
0.15
5.21
0.5
5.77
~0
6.83
0.32
7.89
0.86
7.98
0.15
7.88
1.10
8.7
1.57
9.1
2.13
9.0
2.31
9.23
10.44
0.2
6.11
0.36
7.42
0.95
7.29
1.9
8.42
2.8
-
10.75
Unstable Anion
Unstable Anion
87
Fr 223
88
Ra 226
89
Ac 227
104 Rf
261
105 Db 262
106 Sg 266
107 Bh 264
108 Hs 269
109 Mt 268
110 Ds
281
111 Uuu 272
112 Uub 277
113 Uut 284
114 Uuq 289
115 Uup 288
116
?
?
117
?
?
118
?
?
Francium
Radium
Actinium
Rutherfordium
Dubnium
Seaborgium
Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium
Darmstadtium
Unununium
Ununbium
Ununtrium
Ununquadium
Ununpentium
Not discovered
Not discovered
Not discovered
[Rn]7s 1
[Rn]7s 2
[Rn]6d 1 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 2 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 3 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 4 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 5 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 6 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 7 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14
6d 9 7s 1
disc.1994
disc.1996
disc.2004
disc.1999
disc.2004
-
-
-
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
disc.1964
disc.1967
disc.1974
disc.1981
disc.1984
disc.1982
Darmstats, Germany
Darmstats, Germany
Darmstats, Germany
Dubna, Russia
Dubna, Russia
Dubna, Russia
-
-
-
1
0.7
2
0.9
3
1.1
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
(+2)162
188
(+3) -
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
Electron Affinity
1st Ion. Pot.
HALOGENS
NOBLE GASES
0.46
5.28
5.17
ALKALINE
58
Ce 140.1
59
Pr 140.9
60
Nd 144.2
61
Pm 145
62
Sm 150.4
63
Eu 152.0
64
Gd 157.3
65
Tb 158.9
66
Dy 162.5
67
Ho 164.9
68
ALKALI
Er 167.3
69
Tm 168.9
70
Yb 173.0
71
Lu 175.0
METALS
EARTH
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
METALS
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[Xe]4f 1 5d 1 6s 2
[Xe]4f 3 6s 2
[Xe]4f 4 6s 2
[Xe]4f 5 6s 2
[Xe]4f 6 6s 2
[Xe]4f 7 6s 2
[Xe]4f 7 5d 1 6s 2
[Xe]4f 9 6s 2
[Xe]4f 10 6s 2
[Xe]4f 11 6s 2
[Xe]4f 12 6s 2
[Xe]4f 13 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 6s 2
[Xe]4f 14 5d 1 6s 2
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
ISBN 142320003-9
3,4
1.12
3,4
1.13
3
1.14
3
3,2
1.17
3,2
3
1.20
3,4
3
1.22
3
1.23
3
1.24
3,2
1.25
3,2
3
1.0
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Atomic Radius
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5.54
5.46
5.53
5.55
5.64
5.67
6.15
5.86
5.94
6.02
6.11
6.18
6.25
5.43
90
Th 232.0
91
Pa 231.0
92
U 238.0
93
Np 237
94
Pu 244
95
Am 243
96
Cm 247
97
Bk 247
98
Cf
251
99
Es 252
100 Fm 257
101 Md 258
102 No 259
103 Lr
262
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Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
REFERENCE: CRC Handbook of Chemistry
and Physics • 81st edition, 2000-2001
[Rn]6d 2 7s 2
[Rn]5f 2 6d 1 7s 2
[Rn]5f 3 6d 1 7s 2
[Rn]5f 4 6d 1 7s 2
[Rn]5f 6 7s 2
[Rn]5f 7 7s 2
[Rn]5f 7 6d 1 7s 2
[Rn]5f 9 7s 2
[Rn]5f 10 7s 2
[Rn]5f 11 7s 2
[Rn]5f 12 7s 2
[Rn]5f 13 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 7s 2
[Rn]5f 14 6d 1 7s 2
CONTENT ADVISOR: Mark Jackson, PhD
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
Electroneg.
Oxidation States
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Oxidation States
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Oxidation States
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Oxidation States
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Chemistry Professor - Florida Atlantic University
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1.3
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1.5
6,5,4,3
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1.3
6,5,4,3
3
4,3
3
3
3
3,2
3,2
3
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6.08
5.89
6.19
6.27
6.06
5.99
6.02
6.23
6.30
6.42
6.50
6.58
6.65
ACTINIDE
LANTHANIDE
SERIES
SERIES
H 2 NATURAL FORM He gas solid - for solid, most stable crystal form liquid gas
H 2 NATURAL FORM He gas solid - for solid, most stable crystal form liquid gas

H 2

 

NATURAL FORM

 

He

gas

 
gas solid - for solid, most stable crystal form liquid gas

solid - for solid, most stable crystal form

liquid

 

gas

bcc

Li

Be

hex

rhom

B

hex

C

N 2

gas

O 2

gas

F 2

gas

Ne

gas

Na

Mg

gas

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

bcc

hex

 

fcc

fcc

cubic

ortho

gas

gas

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

bcc

fcc

hex

hex

bcc

bcc

bcc

bcc

hex

fcc

fcc

hex

ortho

fcc

rhom

hex

liquid

gas

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

2

Xe

bcc

fcc

hex

hex

bcc

bcc

hex

hex

fcc

fcc

fcc

hex

tetra

tetra

rhom

hex

ortho

gas

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

bcc

bcc

hex

hex

bcc

bcc

hex

hex

fcc

fcc

fcc

liquid

hex

fcc

rhom

cubic

 

gas

Fr

Ra

Ac

 

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lu

bcc

fcc

     

fcc

hex

hex

hex

rhom

bcc

hex

hex

hex

hex

hex

hex

fcc

 

hex

H 2

 

SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY

 

He

14.30

 

5.19

Li

Be

 

J/(g K) (at 25°C and 1atm)

 

B

C

N 2

O 2

F 2

 

Ne

3.58

1.83

 

1.03

0.71

1.04

0.92

0.82

1.03

Na

Mg

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

1.23

1.02

0.90

0.71

0.77

0.71

0.48

0.52

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

0.76

0.65

0.57

0.52

0.49

0.45

0.48

0.45

0.42

0.44

0.39

0.39

0.37

0.32

0.33

0.32

0.23

0.25

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

2

Xe

0.36

0.30

0.30

0.28

0.27

0.25

0.24

0.24

0.25

0.24

0.23

0.23

0.23

0.21

0.20

0.15

0.16

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

0.24

0.20

0.20

0.14

0.14

0.13

0.14

0.13

0.13

0.13

0.13

0.14

0.13

0.13

0.12

 

0.09

Fr

Ra

Ac

 

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lu

0.12

     

0.19

0.19

0.19

0.20

0.18

0.24

0.18

0.17

0.17

0.17

0.16

0.16

0.15

H 2

ENTHALPY OF VAPORIZATION

 

He

0.90

 

0.08

Li

Be

 

kJ/mole

 

B

C

N 2

O 2

F 2

 

Ne

134.7

308.8

 

Liquid

Gas

H vap at boiling point

 

480.0

711.0

5.57

6.82

6.62

1.71

Na

Mg

 

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

89.04

128.7

References: CRC; The Elements, 3rd ed., J. Emsley, 1998

 

294.0

383.0

12.40

45.0

20.41

6.43

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

   

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

77.5

150.0

305.0

429.0

458.6

348.8

219.7

351.0

382.4

371.8

304.6

115.5

254.0

334.0

31.9

95.48

29.96

9.08

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

   

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

2

Xe

69.2

139.0

393.0

581.6

696.6

594.1

585.0

567.8

495.4

393.0

255.1

99.87

226.4

290.4

67.9

114.1

41.57

12.57

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

   

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

65.9

140.0

399.6

661.1

753.1

799.1

707.1

627.6

563.6

510.5

324.0

59.11

162.1

179.5

151.0

101.0

 

18.1

Fr

Ra

Ac

 

Ce

 

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lu

136.8

418.0

     

314.0

333.0

284.0

192.0

176.0

312.0

391.0

293.0

251.0

293.0

247.0

159.0

428.0

H 2

 

ENTHALPY OF FUSION

 

He

0.12

 

Li

Be

 

kJ/mole

 

B

C

N 2

O 2

F 2

 

Ne

3.00

7.9

 

Liquid

Solid

H fus at Melting point

 

50.2

117

0.71

0.44

0.51

0.33

                 

Na

Mg

 

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

2.60

8.48

10.71

50.21

0.66

1.72

6.4

1.18

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

2.33

8.54

14.10

14.15

21.5

21.0

12.91

13.81

16.2

17.48

13.26

7.32

5.59

36.94

24.44

6.69

10.57

1.64

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

2

Xe

2.19

7.43

11.4

21.0

30.0

37.48

33.29

38.59

26.59

16.74

11.30

6.19

3.28

7.03

19.87

17.49

15.52

2.27

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

2.09

7.12

6.20

27.2

36.57

52.31

60.43

57.85

41.12

22.17

12.55

2.29

4.14

4.77

11.3

 

2.89

Fr

Ra

Ac

 

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lu

7.15

14.2

     

5.46

6.89

7.14

7.7

8.62

9.21

10.0

10.15

11.06

17.0

19.9

16.84

7.66

22.0

H 2

 

DENSITY

 

He

.089*

 

*.179

Li

Be

Solid, liquid: g/cm 3 (20°C and 1atm)

Solid, liquid: g/cm (20°C and 1atm)
 

B

C

N 2

O 2

F 2

Ne

0.53

1.85

gas: g/liter (0°C and 1atm)

 

2.34

2.26

*1.25

*1.43

*1.70

*.90

               

Na

Mg

 

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

0.97

1.74

2.70

2.33

1.82

2.07

*3.21

*1.78

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

0.89

1.54

2.99

4.51

6.0

7.15

7.3

7.87

8.86

8.90

8.96

7.14

5.91

5.32

5.72

4.80

3.12

*3.73

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

2

Xe

1.53

2.64

4.47

6.52

8.57

10.2

11

12.1

12.4

12.0

10.5

8.69

7.31

7.26

6.68

6.24

4.92

*5.89

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

1.93

3.62

6.15

13.3

16.4

19.3

20.8

22.6

22.5

21.5

19.3

13.53

11.8

11.3

9.79

9.2

 

*9.73

Fr

Ra

Ac

 

5.0

10.0

H 2

THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

 

He

0.002

 

0.002

Li

Be

 

W/(cm K) (at 25°C and 1atm, W = watt)

B

C

N 2

O 2

F 2

 

Ne

0.85

2.00

 

0.27

1.96

<0.001

0.003

<0.001

<0.001

Na

Mg

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

1.41

1.56

2.37

1.49

0.002

0.003

<0.001

<0.001

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

1.03

2.01

0.16

0.22

0.31

0.94

0.08

0.80

1.00

0.91

4.01

1.16

0.41

0.60

0.50

0.02

0.001

<0.001

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

2

Xe

0.58

0.35

0.17

0.23

0.54

1.38

0.51

1.17

1.50

0.72

4.29

0.97

0.82

0.67

0.24

0.03

0.004

<0.001

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

0.36

0.18

0.13

0.23

0.58

1.74

0.48

0.88

1.47

0.72

3.17

0.08

0.46

0.35

0.08

0.20

0.02

<0.001

Fr

Ra

Ac

 

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

Lu

   
       

0.11

0.13

0.17

0.15

0.13

0.14

0.10

0.11

0.11

0.16

0.15

0.17

0.39

0.16

H 2

 

MELTING POINT

 

He

-259

 

Li

Be

 

°C and 1atm; Solid Liquid

 

B

C

N 2

O 2

F 2

 

Ne

181

1287

 

tp = triple point

 

2075

4492tp

-210

-219

-220tp

-249

Na

Mg

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

2

Ar

98

650

 

660

1414

44

120

-102

-189

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br 2

Kr

64

842

1541

1668

1910

1907

1246

1538

1495

1455

1085

420

30

939

817tp

221

 

-7

-157tp

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn