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10th CLASS BIOLOGY BITS

Prepared by :- Y.Rameswarareddy SA.Biology Z.P.H.School,


Mulakaledu,Anantapur(Dt)

CELL NO:9441551406

1.NUTRITION AND FOOD SUPPLY SYSTEM


1.-----------------------vitamin synthesised by the bacteria present in intestine
2.The end products of photosynthesis are ----------------------------
3.6co2 +12H2o ----lightchlorophyll-------------------------------+-----------------=+----------------
4.Sites of photosynthesis are -------------------------------
5.The reaction takes place in grana which is light dependent is ---------------------------
6.Dark reaction takes place in -------------------------
7.smallest pockets of light energy are called -----------------------
8.The other name of light reaction ---------------------------
9.The splitting of water molecule is called ------------------------
10.The end products of light reaction are --------------------
11.simplified equation for photosynthesis was proposed by -----------------------------
12.example for complex carbohydrates ---------------------------------
13.The stored form of food in plants -----------------------
14.Removal of chlorophyll ii from a leaf done by ----------------------
15.Iodine solution is used to test the presence of ----------------------
16.In iodine test blue black colour indicates in the presence of ---------------------
17.Destarching takes a period of --------------------------
18.Chemical formula of potassium hydroxide is --------------------------
19.Hydrilla plant experiment reveals -----------------------
20.Chloroplast was discovered by------------------------
21.In amoeba ---------------------------------are helpful to capturing the food .
22.The digestive juice which contains no enzymes ------------------------------
23.Carbohydrates digestion did not occurs in -----------------------------

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24.The chemical condition in stomach --------------------------

25.The completely digested food in small intestine is called -----------------------


26.cane sugar is called -----------------------------
27. finger like projections in small intestines are called ---------------------------
28.The end products of carbohydrates are -----------------------------
29.The end products of proteins are -----------------------------
30.Vitamins are discovered by ---------------------------------
31.scurvey deasese is due to -----------------------
32.Free vitamin is ------------------
33.-------------------------------part of the plant takes in co2 from the air for photosynthesis .
34.universal food providers for all living things .-------------------------------
35.Chemical formula of glucose is ---------------------
36The presence of starch will be indicated by --------------------------colour .
37.Oxygen was discovered by ----------------.
38.The light reaction was discovered by -----------------------
39.Black paper or light screen experiment is done to direct the importance of ------------------------
40.The name chloroplast was coined by------------------------------
41.Assimilatory powers are -----------------------------
42.The length of alimentary canal in a man ---------------------------
43.No.of salivary glands are in a man --------------------------
44.The name of the enzyme present in saliva -------------------------
45.Pepsin converts proteins in to ---------------------
46.Enzyme trypsin is secreted by ------------------------
47.Amylase converts -----------------------------------in to maltose sugar .
48.The fat soluble vitamins are ------------,---------------
49.water soluble vitamins are ---------------,---------------------
50.--------------------------------is caused by protein deficiency..
51.-------------------------------------desease is caused by deficiency of proteins and calories .
52.The chemical name of C vitamin is ----------------------
53.The vitamin is available in morning sunrays ------------------------
54.Fertility disarders are due to the deficiency of ------------------------------vitamin

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55.Blood clotting is delayed due to the deficiency of ---------------------------vitamin
56.Beri beri disease is due the deficiency of ------------------------------------
57---------------------------vitamin is also called as sunshine vitamin

58.The chemical name of vitamin E---------------------------------


59.Night blind ness is due the deficiency of -------------------------------vitamin
60---------------------------------------are the or the organisms capable of using energy to synthesis chemical
compounds
61.-----------------------------------Scientist believed that plants get nutrients not only from the soil and also
from the other sources
62.The plants containing the green colour pigment is -----------------------
63.----------------------------------gas utilised in photosynthesis process
64.Name of the scintist showed o2 is released from the water molecule
65.-----------this experiment conducted by ------------------------------
66------------------and ----------------------scientists who obtained an extract of green pigment named chlophyll..
67.-------------------------------scientist found that chlorophyll is present in chloroplast
68.The ---------------------------part of the chloroplast is helpful to traping solar energy
69.The chlorophyll pigment contain one atom of -------------------------
70.The haemoglobin contains the metal is
71.ATP means ------------------------------
72.NADPH means ---------------------------------
73.In amoeba complexfood substances are broken down in to simple ones takes place in ----------
74.Name of the acid release in stomach ------------------------------
75.The parcially digested food in stomach is called -------------------------
76.Bile juice is secreted by --------------------------
77.The obsorption of digested food takes place in ----------------------
78.The passage of un digested food material from the body by way of anus is called -------------------
79.The chemical name of D vitamin is ------------------------
80.The chemical name of K vitamin is -----------------------
81.The name of the disease which is due the deficiency of D vitamin is-----------------------
82.The passage of degested food through the walls of alimentary tract is called -------------------------
83.The process of breaking down of complex molecules in to simple molecules is called ---------

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2.RESPIRATION
1.Exhaled air contains ---------------------and -----------------
2.The flap like muscular valve controles the movement of air and food is --------------------
3.Energy currency in the cell is --------------------
4.Mangroove trees respires with their ---------------------
5.------------------is commonly required for both comburstion and respiration .
6.The total no.of ATP s formed when the one molecule of glucose is oxidised to co2 and
H2oare -----------------
7.Substances that under go respiration is called ------------------
8.Fermentatioin produces ---------------
9.The inner in mitochondria are called --------------------
10.The compartment of mitochondria is called----------------------
11.The res piration in the absence of oxygen by micro-organisms is called ---------------------
12.The first stage of respiration is called ------------------------
13.--------------------------dicreases when the fruits and vegetables are kept in refrigerators
14.In ATP energy stored inorganic ------------------
15.Alveoli are the units of ------------------------
16.The common name of larynx ---------------------------
17. In women ------------------------play a major role in respiratory movements
18. In Lungs gaseous exange occurs in ------------------------
19.oxydative phosporylation occurs in respiration and ---------------------------------occurs in
photosynthesis
20.Micriscopic air sacs of lungs ------------------------

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21.---------------------%of oxygen present in inhaled air .
22.--------------------% of oxygen present in exhaled air .
23.-----------------% of co2 present in exhaled air.
24.The anaerobic respiration in animals form-------------------------.-
25Accumulation of lactic acid results in--------------------.
26.sugar is converted in to ethanol by -----------------------.
27.Respiratory system present in insects -------------------------.
28.Respiratory organs of fishes -------------------.
29.Respiration through the skin is called -------------.
30.Cutanious respiration is seen in -----------------.
31.The energy stored in photosynthesis is obtained from----------------------.
32.Respiration in amoeba occurs by --------------------.
33.The structure that acts as a lid over the epiglottis --------------------.
34.The structure that place a major role in respiratory movements is-------------------------.-
35.The rate respiration in new born child -------------------.
36.The common passage of food and air is ------------------.
37.o2 and co2 are transported by -----------------------.
38.Maximum rate of respiration takes place in ----------------*c
39.Cellular respiration takes place in ---------------------.
40.Trachea is also called as -----------------.
41.The lungs are protected by two membranes are called----------------------.
42.Mitochondria are also called as ------------------
43.The produced energy stored in mitochondria in the form of ----------------------.
44.1 ATPmolecule gives -----------------------calories of energy.
45.-----------------------and -------------------------are produce in anaerobic respiration.
46.The volume of the chest cavity increases during the ---------------------------------process.
47.Generally we can be seen anaerobic respiration in ----------------------.
48.The total capacity of human lungs ----------------------ml.
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49.The organisms which have tracheal respiratory system--------------------------.
50.------------------------is formed in muscles without sufficient of oxygen.
51.Lenti lcells are present in --------------------parts of the plants.
52.Give an example for anabolic reaction---------------------.
53.In prokaryotic cells respiration takes place in ----------------------.
54.Latin word respire means ------------------------.
55.Crocodiles and Dolphins respires with -----------------------.
56.The plants which respires through the aerial roots ----------------------.
57.The process of breathing in air is called------------------------.
58.The process of breathout air is called----------------------.
59.In women ------------------------plays a major role in the movement of respiratory
system.
60.The first stage of respiration is called ------------------------.
61.In male s ----------------------play a major role in the respiratory movements.
62.The junction of food and air ways is --------------------.

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3.CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
1.The term cardiac refers to the organ of----------------------.
2.InB.P 120/80 the numerator (120)indicates ---------------------.
3.Blood is collected from upper part of the body by --------------------------.
4.In a man caval vein open in to --------------------------.
5.The largest artery in the body of the man ------------------------.
6.The left ventricle receives -------------------blood from----------------------------atria.
7.The right ventricle pumps deoxygenated blood to-----------------------.
8.pulmonary aorta arises from -------------------------.
9.----------------------carries impure blood from right ventricle to lungs .
10.The contraction phase of of the heart is called -----------------------.
11.The relaxation phase of the heart is called ------------------------.
12.In man ---------------------------fluid present in pericardium protect the heart from injury.
13.Chambers below the atria are----------------------.
14.Doctors measure the blood pressure with the instrument is called --------------------------.
15.The blood capillaries were discovered by ---------------------------.
16.The blood vessels which ends with blood capillsries -------------------------.
17.The blood vessels which starts from blood capillaries -------------------.
18.Volves are present in ---------------------------.
19.The rate of pulse will be equal to --------------------------.
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20.The blood flows through heart only once for completing one circulation is called ----------
21.People who have high B.P during rest period are said to have -----------------------.
22.The enzyme released by platelets -----------------------.
23.Thrombokynase converts -----------------------------in to thrombin.
24.-----------------------vitamin helps the coagulation of blood .
25.The evaporation of water through the leaves is called-----------------------.
26.Conduction of water and minerals is the main function of -----------------------.
27.Transportation of food and hormones is the main function of ----------------------------.
28.No .of heart beats of a new born child -------------------.
29.No.of blood vessels are attached to the heart ---------------------.
30.--------------------------------artery carries deoxygenated blood .
31.Normal blood pressure in a man is ---------------------.
32.The mode of transport food and nutrients in amoeba ------------------------------.
33.Open type circulatory system can be seen in ---------------------.
34.Animals with out red blood cells ------------------.
35.Thirteen chambered heart present in --------------------.
36.N o.of chamberes in frogs heart ----------------------.
37.No.of chambers in fish heart --------------------.
38.------------------------------supply the blood to ogans in the body .
39.The glands which secrets the hormones ---------------------.
40.The chemical substances that are secreted by the glands are called------------------.
41.Heart attack is caused by the blocking of ------------------------artery .
42.Incompletely devided ventricle occuures in ---------------------------.
43.Venacaval in man opens in to ------------------.
44.The valve present between the left auricle and left ventricle ----------------------------.
45.B icuspid valve allows blood to flow from ---------------------------to -----------------------.
46.Stethoscope was discovered by ------------------------.
47.The normal heart beat rate in healthy person -------------------.
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48.No .of chambers are in human heart ----------------------.
49.------------------------vessels supply blood to the muscles of the heart .
50.Name of the artery which carries impure blood .-----------------------------.
51.The name of the vein which carries pure blood from lungs ------------------------.
52.purification of blood takes place in -----------------------.
53.------------------------scientist found that valves are present in blood vessels .
54.Arteries and veins are connected by very fine blood vessels called -----------------------.
55.The blood vessels which posses more blood pressure --------------------------.
56.The weight of the elephant heart is --------------------.
57.The weight of the human heart is----------------------.
58.In elders it will be clear that the lower part of the legs will be swollen the stage is
called-----------------------.
59.The liquid portion after after formation of blood clot is --------------------.
60.The separate system is transport the tissue in the main blood stream is called --------------
61.Plants absorb soil water through the roots by the process of ----------------------.
62.One contraction and one relaxation of the heart is called ----------------------.
63.Name of the chambers are in frog -------------------and ---------------.
64.Bicuspid valve is also called as----------------------.
65.The minimum time which takes to blood clot --------------------.
66.The blood does not clot which the person suffering from -----------------------disease
67.The smallest artery in our body is ---------------------.
68.The heart beat rate of blue whale per minute ------------------.
69.The heart beat rate of elephant per minute ------------------.
70.The name of the cells are participated in blood clot -----------------------.
71.The blood colour in snail------------------.
72.The blood colour in cockroach ------------------.
73.No .of chambers in insects heart -------------------.
74.Theb largest artery arises from ------------------part of the heart.
75.Pulmonary vein carries pure blood from lungs to -------------------of the heart .
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4.EXCRETION
1.The functional of units of kidneys------------------------.
2.The cup shaped broader end of nephron is called------------------.
3.The bunch of blood capillaries of nephron is called ---------------------.
4.Bowmans capsule and glomerulus together is called -------------------.
5.Expand PCT ----------------------.
6.Expand DCT----------------------.
7.Glomerular filtrate is called ------------------.
8.-------------------------are not present in primary urine .
9.useful substances in primary urine are reabsorbed in to --------------------------.
10.----------------------------takes urine from urinary bladder to out side .
11.The major portion of the urine is --------------------.
12.urine is acidic in begening but becomes alkaline nature on standing due to----------------
13.If our body is filled with extra water and wasteproducts this condition is called ------------
14.Apparatus used for dialysis is called------------------------.
15.The dialysis lasts for -----------------------.
16.Permanent solution for kidney failure -----------------------.

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17.First kidney transplantation in India was done on--------------------.
18.The amber colour of the urine due to-----------------------.
19.The detoxification centre is ---------------------------.
20.Grave yard of RBC is------------------------.
21.Sabacious glands secrete-----------------------.
22.-----------------------------system act as excretory system in echynodermata.
23.Alkaloid that acts as insecticide-----------------------
24.The alkaloid that acts as sedative -----------------------------.
25.----------------------------alkaloid acts as medicine for snake bite .
26.Reserpin can obtained from ------------------------plant.

27.The antimalarial drug is --------------------------.


28.Quinine alkaloid obtained from ------------------------- part of the plant.
29.The scientific name of the neem plant .-------------------------------.
30.Rubber is produced from ----------------------------.
31.----------------------are used for preparation of varnishes.
32.The excretory ogans of cockroach----------------------------.
33.Name of the hormone that has direct impact on urination-----------------------.
34.The endocrine gland present on the kidney is---------------------------.
35.Rubber is prepared from -------------------------.
36.Examples for secondary metabolities- in plants---------------------------.
37.Total amount of urine excreted per day is about------------------------.
38.The maximum capacity of urinary bladder is-----------------------.
39.The excretory material in birds and reptiles --------------------------.
40. The excretory material in acquatic animals ---------------------------.
41.Vasopressin hormone is secreted by----------------
42.The complete and irreversible kidney failure is called ---------------------------.
43.The first kidney transplantation was performed by ----------------------------.

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44.The excretory organs of platyhelmenthes----------------------.
45.-------------------------are used for tanning of leather .
46.------------------------plant latex used in production of biodiesel.
47.The process of removing the toxic and wastes from our body is called-------------------
48.The dark colour outerzone of the kidney is called---------------------.
49.Gums and resins are the ------------------------------products of plants.
50.The principle involved in dialysis process----------------------------.
51.The light colour portion of the inner zone of kidney is called-------------------.
52.---------------------is 75% in the urine.
53.If the concentration of urine dicreases ----------------------hormone will be release .
54.--------------------------disease is due to the deficiency of vasopressin.
55.The length of each ureter is ------------------------.

56.--------------------is formed when the haemoglobin decomposes in blood.


57.The PH value of urine is------------------.
58.The % of inorganic materials in urine is ----------------------
59.The dialysis process was discovered by -------------------.
60.--------------------and ----------------pigments are formed by the decomposing of
haemoglobin in the liver.
61.The minimum time taken to each dialy sis process.
62.The first animal phylum which has excretory organs.-------------------------
63.Nicotene alkaloid is stored in the part of tobacco-----------------------.
64.The primary urine is chemically equal to ------------------.
65.Glomerular filtration is occurs in ------------------------.

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5.COORDINATION
1.The largest region of the brain is -------------------------.
2.Apoint of contact between two neurons is -------------------.
3.--------------------phytohormone is responsible for cell elongation and differenciation of
shoots and roots.
4.Thyroxin is secreted by --------------------------gland.
5.The total no.of pheripheral nerves in a man-----------------------.
6.All the spinal nerves are ------------------------.
7.Medullaablongata continuos in to trunk as -----------------------------.
8.Brain is located in a bony box is called---------------------.
9.N utrients provides to the cells of the brain by ---------------------------fluid.
10.Fore brain is also called as -------------------.
11.Pheripheral nervous system consists -----------------------and -------------------nerves .
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12.The surface aria of cerebrum is increased by -----------------------.
13.Granules present in neuron are -------------------.
14.The possive response of the plants towards the gravitation is called--------------------.
15.The type of response to make acontact by the plant is called---------------------.
16.Axins were discovered by -----------------------.
17.Movements of plants towards the sunlight is called--------------------.
18.Closing of stomata is due to -----------------------.
19.Ripening of fruits is due to --------------------.
20.------------------------helps in breaking the dormancy in seeds.
21.The phyto hormone that is in gaseous state ------------------------.
22.Delaying ageing of leaves and opening of stomata are due to the action of ---------------
23.Mymosa pudica leaves are best example for -------------------------.
24.The timing and amount of hormones released by endo crine gland is controlled by -----
25.The location of Adrenal gland is-------------------------.
26Fight and flight hormone is --------------------------.

27.Ovary secrets ------------------------hormone-.


28.Adrenal secrets the hormone is called-------------------------.
29.Diabetis is related to the gland is -------------------------.
30.Auxins in plants synthesised at ----------------------.
31.Shedding of leaves and fruits due to ---------------------.
32.water loss from plants is prevented by --------------------hormone is.
33.Master gland of the body is ---------------------------.
34.The gland that is present near the trachea ------------------------.
35.Calcium and phosphate levels in the body is regulated by ------------------------.
36.Iodine is necessary for the production of -----------------hormone .
37.Diabetis is occurs due to the deficiency of --------------------hormone.
38.Islets of langehans present in ----------------------.
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39.Give one example for mixed gland-----------------------.
40.The part of the neuron which generally called as nerve fibre.------------------------.
41.The nerves that carry the impulses from brain to effector ogans are called---------------.
42.Gaps in the auxon are called---------------------
43.Brain and spinal cord are the parts of --------------------nerves system.
44.The no.of spinal nerves in a man are ------------------.
45.The no.of cranial nerves in a man are-------------------.
46.The structural and functional units of nervous system -------------------------.
47.The axon is surrounded by specialised sheath is called----------------------.
48.Dendrites of one nerve cell connected to the another axons of other nervecell through
the connections are called--------------------
49.The nerves that carry the massages towards the central nervous system from sense
organs are -------------------.
50.Single path way going up to spinal cord from detectors and returning to effectors is
called------------------.
51.Maximum speed of stimulus to response can occurs about -------------------meters/sec.
52.The brain is covered by three layers is called------------------.
53.The space between the layers of the brain is filled with fluid is called--------------------.
54.The part of the brain that controls thinking and memory------------------------.
55.The part of the brain that relay centre for pain and temperature is ------------------------.
56.The posture and and equalibrum is maintained by the part of the brain-----------------.
57.The part of the brain that also called as small brain--------------------------.
58.Vasomotor activities are controlled by ---------------------.
59.The human brain weight approximately ---------------------%of the body weight .
60.Islets of langerhans cells were discovered by ------------------------.
61.---------------------Succeeded to extracting insulin from degenerating animal pancreas.
62.The term hormone was coined by the English physiologist------------------.
63.The endocrine glands are also called as ---------------------.
64.Increases in -----------------------hormone leads to anger.
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65.-------------------------hormone release when the sugar levels raise in the blood.
66.Secondary sectuval characters in men are controlled by --------------------hormone.
67.The part of the brain which coordinates in the involuntary actions-------------------.
68.The hormones present in plants are called ---------------------.
69.Directional movements in plants in responses to specific stumuli like light and gravity
are called----------------------.
70.Give an example for growth inhibitor in plants---------------------.
71.The positive response of plants towards the light is called----------------------------.
72.The positive response of plants towards the water is called-------------------.
73.The part of the plant which shows the character of geotropism------------------------.
74.The positive response towards support and wind around them is called---------------------.
75.---------------------------acts on bending of stem to show the response to the sunlight.

6.REPRODUCTION
1.Organisms capable of giving rise to offsprings by the process of ----------------------.
2.Budding can be seen in -----------------.
3.Fragmentation can be seen in -------------------.
4.The process in which female gametes develops in to zygote with out fertilization------------
5. Regeneration can be observed in------------------.
6.Vegetative propagation through leaves can be observed in -------------------.
7.Rose plants can be propagated through -------------------------.
8.------------------method is useful in propagating varieties of various flowers and fruits.

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9.In grafting the stem part is attached to the soil is called-------------------.
10.In Rhizopus the reproduction takes place through--------------------.
11.The leaf of fern plant is called ---------------------------.
12.The two testes are located in---------------------------.
13.The fluid secreted by the male reproductive system is called--------------------.
14.The male sexhormon is called----------------------.
15.The life span of spermcell is-----------------------.
16.The cellular bubbles in the ovary are called-------------------------.
17.The release of ovum or egg is called---------------------------.
18.The widened funnel of oviduct is called-------------------------.
19.The fertilized ovum attaches to the soft tissue of -----------------------------.
20.The third month of the embyo is called --------------.
21.Gestation period of humanbeings-------------------.
22.Finger like projections grow from the outer membrane of the embryo is called--------------
23.Placenta is formed during ------------------.
24.-------------------is the important structure for the nourishment of the embryo .
25.The embryo gets oxygen and nutrients by the process of ----------------------.
26.----------------.fluid protect the embryo from the shocks .
27.The membrane that orginate from the digestive canal of the embryo is-------------------.

28.The tubeless structure of the allontois is called----------------------.


29.During the birth ----------------------comes first.
30.During birth ----------------------is tied off or cut by the doctor to separate the new born
child.
31.Flowers containing eigher stamens or carpels are called-----------------.
32.Example for unisexual flowers------------------------.
33.The flowers which contain both stamens and carpels are called----------------------.
34.The agents of pollination ------------------------.
35.Stamens containing sack like structures are called-----------------------.
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36.The large central cell containing the two nuclei is called ---------------------.
37.The second nuclei fusion with polar nuclei and formed ------------------.
38.The embyo contists of two cotyledons namely--------------------.
39.The overy grows rapidly and formed as -------------------.
40.Cell theory was proposed by ------------------.
41.In successive generation individuals of the same species have the same number of
chromosomes was proposed by ---------------.
42.Mitotic division was confirmed by ----------------------.
43.The structure of DNA was discovered by ------------------------.
44.Mitosis takes place - in ---------------------.
45.Meosis takes place in -------------------.
46.The period between the two cell divisions is called-----------------------.
47.Expands AIDS----------------------.
48.Expand DNA-------------------------.
49.ASHA stands for ----------------------.
50.Any device or drug which prevents pregnancy in women is called -------------------
51.In vasectomy --------------------is removed by surgery in males .
52.In female a small portion of the oviduct removed by surgical operation and cut ends are
tied this method is called----------------------.
53.The part of the female reproductive system that produces egg---------------------.
54.The term that we use describe a sperm cell fusing with an egg---------------------.
55.The part of the male reproductive system produces sperm cells-------------------.
56.Spermatozoa from seminiferous tubules move in to ---------------------.
57.Acrosome of spermatozoa helps in the process of ---------------.
58.No.of ova released at a time in a woman is ------------------.
59.The most essential floral parts required for sexual reproduction in plants are --------------
60.In the formation of sperm cells -----------------------division takes place.
61.The parts of a flower which are still after fertilization ---------------------.
62.Root part is represented in mature embryo by -------------------.
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63.The unique feature of flowring plants is ----------------------.
64.In stem cutting a slating cut is made in the stem -----------------.
65.Give an example for tuberous stems ----------------------.
66.Amoeba reproduce their youngones by the process of ------------------.
67.The name of the bacteria is responsible for formation of curd from milk------------------.
68.In grafting cut stem of another plant with out roots is called------------------.
69.The fusion of male and female gametes takes place in inside the female body is called----
70.The fusion of male and female gametes takes place in out side the organisms is called---
71.The male reproductive organs are---------------------.
72.The name of the fluid which secreted by the cowper and prostate glands------------------.
73.The period which takes to development of embryo in uterus is called---------------------.
74.Gestation period of cat and dog ------------------.
75.Gestation period of Rat---------------.
76.The last part of the pregnancy a watery lymph like fluid accumulates in the mammary
glands is called----------------------.
77.The transfer of pollaingrains from one another to same flower of the stigma is called------
78.The male cells of a flower of plant fertilize the other female flower on the same or
different plant this type of pollination is called-----------------------..
79.No.of daughtercells are formed in mitosis division----------------.
80. No.of daughtercells are formed in meosis division------------------------.
81.The cell which contains two sets of chromosomes is called----------------.
82.Division of cytoplasm is called----------------.
83.Division of nucleous is called----------------------.
84.Doubling of chromosomes takes place in ---------------division.
85.The cells which contain half the no.of chromosomes of the parent cell is called--------------
86.Name of the cell division which reduce the half chromosomes of the parent cell is----------
87.The division is helpful to healing of wound----------------.
88.Expand STD-----------------.
89.Plants may be grown from vegetative parts like stem,leaves and roots is called------------
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90.External fertilization can be seen in-------------,----------------.

7.COORDINATION IN LIFE PROCESS


1.when-------------------level in the blood fall we get hunger pangs in stomach.
2.Secretion of the hormone -------------------------in the stomach when it goes empty.
3.Increase in ---------------------hormone levels results in sensation of hunger and motivation
to consume food .
4.When the stomach fill with food ---------------------------------hormone release .
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5.The hormone which suppresses the hunger----------------------------.
6.The chemoreceptors otherwise are called--------------------------------receptors.
7.The receptors that identify the taste and smell are called------------------------------.
8.Ghrelin hormone secreted from the certain cells in the -----------------------------.
9.As we take food in to our mouth -------------------------------send the signals to the brain.
10.-------------------------------conducted experiments on conditional reflexes.
11.The taste buds are located in----------------------.
12.The type of teeth which are helpful to grind the food --------------------------and------------------.
13.Dental formula of man is -----------------------.
14.The process of chewing and grinding the food in our mouth is called----------------------------
15.The ----------------------------nerve controls the movement of muscles in the jaw.
16.The ----------------------------muscles of jaw help in biting and chewing actions.
17.As a result of chewing food forms in to slummary mass called---------------------------.
18.The enzyme present in saliva --------------------.
19.We secrete ------------------------liters of saliva per day.
20.The walls of the food pipe secrete a slippery substance called---------------------------.
21.Contraction and relaxation of muscles in stomach bring in wave like motion that
propels the bolus in to the duodenum is called------------------------------.
22.The nature of saliva-------------------------.
23.The volve which regulate the food movement from stomach in to duodenum is -------
-------------------sphincter.
24.Give an example for ruminants---------------------------------.
25.When the food enters the intestine the acidic nature of chime intiate the production
of ------------------------and cholecystokinin.
26.The stomach is protected from own acids by -----------------------------lining.
27.The digested food material enter the blood through ----------------------------------of the small
intestine.
28.The smelly and yellowish waste material generally called------------------------------------.
29.3:2:1:2 the ratio of our dention here 1 represents------------------------------.
30.----------------------------------is the strong acid which is secreted during digestion.
31.----------------------------------- play a major role in carrying the hunger pangs.

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32.Teeth helps in the process of ----------------------------.
33.The teeth which have sharp pointed edges are ---------------------------.
34.------------------------------------muscles helpful in the pushing the food in to the mouth.
35.Starch is broke down in to maltose and dextrose by the action of ---------------------------.
36.Swallowing is coordinated by ------------------------.
37.PH beyond 7 is known as -------------------------.
38.PH below 7 is known as-----------------------.
39.PH 7 is known as-------------------------------.
40.-----------------------------------acts as lubricant in the oesophagus .
41.Bleaching and burning sensation of stomach due to -----------------------------------.
42.Reverse peristalitis can be seen in ----------------------------.
43.The time takes for complete digestion --------------------------------houres.
44.------------------------------------increase the area of the absorption in the intestine.
45.The last part of the alimentary canal is ----------------------------------.
46.Glocose and aminoacids are absorbed through the ---------------------------------parts of villi.
47.The region of the brain portion that controls hunger pangs------------------------------.
48.Papillae located on ---------------------------------.
49.Secretion of saliva is under the action of ---------------------------------.
50.Salivary amylase acts on ----------------------------.
.

8.HEREDITY
1.The process of acquiring change is called ----------------------.
2.Mendal experiments stands for-----------------------.
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3.The four characters observed in the experiments on of independent assessment are--------
4.If we cross pollinate red flower plant with white flower we will get -------------% of mixed
colour plants.
5.TT or YY or Yy are responsible for a -----------------character.
6.Female baby having 23pairs of autosomes at the age of 18 years she has ----------pairs of
autosomes and ------------pairs of sex chromosomes .
7.A goat which walks properly cant live for a long time according to drawn this
represents-----------------.
8.The population grows in -----------------------pogression where as food sources grow in-------
--------progression.
9.Forelimb of whale for swimming where as in horse it is used for -------------------.
10.The study of fossils is called-------------------.
11.The dihybrid ratio is --------------------.
12.Law of inheritance was proposed by -----------------------.
13.Mendal choose ---------------------pair of containing characters for his study.
14.The life cycle of pea plant is -------------------.
15.The modern name of factor is -------------------.
16.Passing of characters from parent to offspring is called---------------------------.
17. The process of in which traits are passed from one generation to another is called--------
18.--------------------------is a segment of DNA which is present on the nucleus of each cell .
19.The details structure of DNA was discovered by -----------------------.
20.The structure of DNA ------------------------.
21.Each human cell contain ---------------pairs of autosomes .
22.Y chromosome represents in -------------------.
23.Sex chromosomes were discovered by --------------------------.
24.Setton and Morgan conducted experiments on -----------------------.

25.Inheritance and acquired characters was proposed by ------------------.


26.------------------------conducted experiments on rat to prove Lamark theory is wrong.

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27.Charless Darwin voyaged in the ship named----------------------.
28.Darwin was influenced by ---------------------theory.
29.Darwin observed variations in -----------------------birds.--------------------islands.
30.principles of geology was written by ---------------------.
31.Survival of fittest struggle for existence and natural selection was proposed by----------.
32.The book of Darwin is ------------------.
33.Alfred russel Wallace done his studies in---------------------.
34.Structurally different but functionally similar organs are called------------------------.
35.Structurally similar and functionally different organs are called------------------.
36.Study of fossils is called------------------.
37.Connecting link between the reptiles and birds----------------------.
38.The study of human evaluation ----------------------.
39.The scientific name of man----------------------.
40.Moving museum of vestigial organs----------------------.
41.No.of vestigial organs present in man ---------------.
42.Name of the gas was not present in early earth atmosphere ----------------.
43.Scientists believe that life is originated in ----------------------.
44.Father of genetics is used for the scientist----------------------.
45.The science of heredity is known as ---------------------.
46.The human animal which has XY pair of chromosomes is called------------------.
47.A zygote which has inherited an x chromosome from the father wil develop in to ---------
48.Differences in characters with in very closely related groups of organisms are called-----
49.Gregor johan mendal conducted several experiments in ----------------garden.
50.Diminant trait in seed colour ----------------.
51.Dominent trait in seed shape of the pea plant ----------------------.
52.The pure breeds of peas for seed colour contrasting characters yellow and green they
are represent as---------------------------.

53.The dominant characters of pea seeds are ------------------------.


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54.The recessive characters of pea seeds are -------------------------.
55.The phenotype ratio of F1generation -------------------------.
56.The genotype ratio of F 1 generation-----------------------.
57.The pure breed seeds which have same factors {YY,yy] for representing a character is
called-------------------------.
58.The seeds which have different factors for representing a character is called---------------.

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9.OUR ENVIRONMENT 10.NATURAL RESOURCES
1.Every food chain always starts with -------------------------.
2.The energy in the ecosystem flows in the form of -----------------------.
3.Food chain ends with -----------------------.
4.Ecological pyramids were proposed by -------------------.
5.Producers are occurred in a ecological pyramid is at ---------------------.
6.-------------------is vital role in absorption of solar energy .
7.The process of entering pollutents in a food chain is called-----------------------.
8.Expand DDT-------------------------------------.
9.Expand BHC----------------------------------.
10.Give an example for abiotic factor -------------------------.
11.The trophic level of an ecosystem by taking the shape of pyramid is called----------------.
12.Any type of plant or animal material can be converted in to energy is called---------------.
13.The biomass in each trophic level is always -----------------than the trophic level below .
14.The process of grown the fishes and prawns is called---------------------.
15.---------------------plaants are used to production for bio diesel .
16.Biodiversity is an important for more than just food and for ---------------also.
17.Example for non renewable resource ---------------------.
18.-----------------------is the alternative method to prevemt ground water depletion.
19.Cultivation of paddy is suitable for -------------------areas.
20.-------------%of fresh water is available as surface water .
21.---------------%of fresh water in ground and soil moisture .
22.Exapand ICRISAT---------------------------------------.

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2.REPIRATORY SYSTEM KEY SHEET
1.co2and water vapour 2.epiglottis 3.ATP
4.Aerial roots 5.oxygen 6.38ATP
7.Respiratory substrates 8.Ethanol ,co2 9.cristae
10. 11.fermentaion 12.inspiratioon
13.Respiration 14.phosphate 15.Lungs
16.sound box 17.Ribs 18.Alveoli
19.photophosporylation 20.Alveoli 21.21%
22.16% 23.4% 24.Lacticacid
25.Muscular pain 26.Yeast 27.Tracheal respiratory
28.Gills 29.cutanious respiration 30.Frog ,earthworm
31.Sunlight 32.Diffussion 33.pharynx
34.Diaphram 35.32 times 36.Pharynx
37.Haemoglobin 38. 35*---45* 39.Mitochondria
40.wind pipe 41.Pleura 42.power houses of cell
43.ATP 44.7200calories 45.lactic acid and co2
46.Inspiration 47.Yeast 48.5800ml
49.Insectes 50.Lactic acid 51.Stem ,roots
52.Photosynthesis 53.Cytoplasm 54.Breath
55.Lungs 56.Mangrooves 57.Inspiration
58.Expiration 59.Ribs 60.Glycolylis
61.Diaphram 62.Pharynx

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3.CIRCULATORY SYSTEM ---- KEY SHEET
1.Heart 2.systolicpressure 3.superior venacava
4.Right atrium 5.Aorta 6.oxygenated,leftatria
7.lungs 8.Rightventricle 9.pulmonaryartery
10.systole 11.Diastole 12.pericardiald
13.ventricles 14.sphygmomanometer 15.Marcello Malpighi
16.Artaries 17.veins 18.veins
19.Heartbeat 20.singlecirculation 21.Hypertension
22.Thrombokinase 23.prothrombin 24.K
25.Transpiration 26.xylem 27.phloem
28.100-150 29.6 30.pulmonaryartery
31.120/80mm/hg 32.Diffusion 33.insects
34.Earthworm 35.cockroach 36.3
37.2 38.Aorta 39.Endocrineglands
40.Hormones 41.caronaryartery 42.Reptiles
43.Right atria 44.Bicuspid valve 45.Left atria to left ventricle
46.Rene lennac 47.72times 48. 4
49.Caronary artery 50.Pulmonary artery 51.Pulmonary vein
52.Lungs 53.Girolama fabric 54.Capillaries
55.Arteries 56.12-21kg 57.300gms
58.Edima 59.Serum 60.Lymphatic system
61.Osmosis 62.Heart beat 63.2Auricles 1 ventricle
64.Mitral valve 65.3-6 minutes 66.Haemophelia
67.Pulmonary artery 68.7 times 69.46 times
70.Blood platelets 71.Blue 72.white
73. 13 74. Left venteicle 75.Left atrium

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4.EXCRETION ---KEY SHEET
1.Nephrons 2.Bowmans capsule 3.Glomerulus
4.Malphigian capsule 5.Proximal convoluted tubule 6.Distal convoluted tubule
7.Primary urine 8.:Blood cells 9.Peritubular net work of PCT
10.Urethra 11.Water 12.Ammonia
13.Uremia 14.Dializer 15.3-6 houres
16.Kidney transplantation 17.1st December 1971 18.Urochrome
19.Liver 20.Spleen 21.Sebum
22.Water vascular 23.Nicotine 24.Scropolamine
25.Reserpin 26.cinchona 27.Quinine
28.Roots 29.Azadiracta indica 30.Latex
31.Resins 32.Malphigian tubules 33.Vasopressin
34.Adrenal gland 35.Haevia brazilansis 36.Gums and resins
37.1.6 to1.8 letres 38.700-800ml 39.Uric acid
40.Ammonia 41.pitutary gland 42.End stage of renal disease
43.Charles hufnagel 44.Flame cells 45.Tannins
46.Jatropa 47.Excretion 48.Cortex
49.Secondery 50.Osmosis 51.Medulla
52.Water 53.Vassopressin 54.Diabetis incipidus
55.30cm 56.Urochrome 57.
58.1.5% 59.willium J,kalf 60.Bilirubin ,Biliverdin
61.3-6 hours 62.Platy helmehthes 63.Leaf
64.Blood 65.Bowmans capsule

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5.COORDINATION---KEYSHEET
1.Forebrain 2.Synapse 3.Auxins
4.Thyroid gland 5.43 pairs 6.Mixed nerves
7.Spinal cord 8.cranium 9.Cerobro spinal fluid
10.Cerebrum 11.Spinal and cranial 12.gyri
13.Nissel granules 14.Geotropism 15.Thigmotropism
16.FW.went 17.Phototropism 18.Abscisic acid
19.Ethylene 20.Gibberelins 21.Ethylene
22.Cytokinins 23.Thigmonasty 24.Feedback mechanism
25.On kidney 26.Adrenalin 27.Estrogen
28.Adrenalin 29.Pancreas 30.Meristem
31.A BA 32.Abscisic acid 33.Pitutary gland
34.Thyroid 35.Parathormone 36.Thyroxin
37.Insulin 38.Pancreas 39.Pancreas
40.Axon 41.Efferent nerves 42.Nodes of ranvier
43.Central nervous system 44.31 pairs 45.12pairs
46.Neuron 47. Myelin sheath 48.Synapse
49.sensory or afferent nerves 50.Reflex arc 51.100m/sec
52.Meninges 53.Cerobro spinal fluid 54.Cerebrum
55.Diencephalon 56.Cerebellum 57.Cerebellum
58.Medulla ablongata 59.2% 60.Paul langarhans
61.Toranto ,Banting ,Best 62.Starling 63.Ductless glands
64.Adrenalin 65.Insulin 66.Testosterone
67. Medulla ablongata 68.Phytohormones 69.Tropic movements
70.Abscic acid 71.Phototropism 72.Hydrotropism
73.Roots 74.Thigmotropism 75.Auxins

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6.REPRODUCTION ----- KEYSHEET
1.Reproduction 2.Hydra,yeast 3.Moulds and spirogyra
4.Parthenogenesis 5.Planaria and earthworn 6.Bryophyllum
7.Cutting 8.Grafting 9.stock
10.Spores 11.Sporophyll 12.Scrotum
13.semen 14.Testostrone 15.24-72houres
16.Grphian follicles 17.Ovulation 18.Fallopian tube
19.Uterus 20.Feotus 21.280days
22.Chorian 23.12weeks of pregnancy 24.Placenta
25.Diffusion 26.Amniotic fluid 27.Umbellical cord
28.Allantois 29.Head 30.Umbellical cord
31.Unisexual flowers 32.Papaya 33. Bisexual flowers
34.Insects 35.Anther 36.polar nuclei
37.Endosperm 38.Epicotyl and hypocotyls 39.Fruit
40.Virchow 41.August weiseman 42.Theodar boveri
43.Watson and crick 44.Somatic cells 45.Sex cells
46.Inter phase 47.Acquired immune deficiency syndrome 48.Deoxirybo nucleic acid
49.Acridited social health activitist 50.Contraception 51.Vasdeferens
52.Tubectomy 53.Ovary 54.Fertilization
55.Testes 56.Urethra 57.Fertilization
58.one 59.Androecium,Gynoecium 60.Meosis
61.Ovary 62.Radicle 63.Double fertilization
64. Below the node 65.Potato 66.Binary fission
67.Lactobacillus 68.Scion 69.Internal fertilization
70.External fertilization 71.Testes 72.Semen
73.Gestation period 74.60days 75.20days
76.Colustrum 77.Self pollination 78.Cross pollination

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79. 2 80. 4 81.Diploid stage
82.Cytokinesis 83.karyokinesis 84.Mitosis
85.Hoploid stage 86.Meosis 87.Mitosis
88.Sexually transmitted disease 89.Vegetative propagation 90.Fishes and frogs

8.HEREDITY---KEYSHEET
1.Evoluaton 2.Gametes 3.Yellow,round,green,wrinkled
4.50%heterogygous 5.Alleli 6.22pairs,1pair
7.survival of fittest 8.Geometrical,Arthematic 9.Running
10.Palaeontology 11.9:3:3:1 12.Mendel
13.7pairs 14.1year 15.Gene
16.Heredity 17.Inheritance 18.Gene
19.Franseiscrick 20.Double helix 21.22pairs
22.Male 23.Waltercetton andMorgan 24.Drosophila
25.Cherles Darwin 26.August weisman 27.HMS begal
28.Malthus 29.Finch, Indonesian 30.sir,Charleslyeli
31.Charles Darwin 32.The origin of species 33.Indonesian Islands
34.Analogousorgans 35.Homologousorgans 36. Palaeontology
37.Archeopteryx 38.Anthropology 39.Homosepian
40.Humanbody 41.180 42.Oxygen
43.The sea 44.Mendel 45.Genetics
46.Male 47.Female child 48.Variations
49.Monastery 50.Yellow 51.Round
52.YYyy 53.Yellowand round 54.Green and wrinkled
55.3:1 56.1:2:1 57.Homogygous
58.Heterogygous

9th ,10th CHAPTERS ---KEYSHEET


1.Producers 2.foodchain 3.Carnivores

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4.Charles Elton 5.The base 6.sunlight
7.Bioaccumulation 8.Dichloro diphenyl trichloro ethane 9.Benzene hexachloride
10.Air and water 11.Ecological pyramid 12.Biomas
13.Less 14.Acquaculture 15.Jatropa
16.Life 17.petrol 18.watershed
19.Delta 20.0.01% 21.0.7-0.8%
22.International crop research
institute for semi arid tropics

1.NUTRITION---KEYSHEET
1.Cyanocobalamine 2.carbohydrates 3.C6H12O6+O2+H2O
4.chloroplasts 5.Light reaction 6.Stroma
7.photons 8.Hill reaction 9.Photolysis
10.ATP, NADP 11.C.B.valneil 12.starch ,cellulose
13.starch 14.Boiling the leaf in spirit 15.starch
16.Starch 17.Nearly a week 18.KOH
19.Oxygen 20.Julius vansachs 21.Pseudopodias
22.Bile juice 23.Stomach 24.Acidic
25.Chyme 26.Sucrose 27.villi
28.Glucose 29.Aminoacids 30.Funk
31.C vitamin 32.D-vitamin 33.Stomata
34.Plants 35.C6H12O6 36.Blue
37.Priestly 38.Robert hill 39.Light
40.Julius vansachs 41.ATP,NADPH 42.9metres
43.3 pairs 44.Amylase 45.Peptones
46.Pancreas 47.Carbohydrates 48.A,D,E,K
49.B,C 50.Kwashiorkor 51.Merasmus
52.Ascorbic acid 53.D 54.E
55.K 56.B1 [Thymin] 57.D
58.Tocoferal 59.A 60.Autotrophs
61.Volhelmond 62.Chlophyll 63.CO2
64.Robert hill 65.Josef priestly 66.Pellitier and caventou

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67.Julius vansachs 68.Granum 69.Magnesium
70.Iron 71.Adenosine tri phosphate 72.Nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide
hydrogen phosphate

73.Food vacuole 74.Hcl 75.Chyme


76.liver 77.Small intestine 78.Defecation
79.Calciferal 80.Phylloquinone 81.Rickets
82.Absorption 83.Digestion

7.COORDINATION IN LIFE PROCESS -----KEY SHEET

1.Sugar 2.Ghrelin 3.Ghrelin


4.Leptin 5.Leptin 6.olfactory
7.Chemoreceptors 8.stomach 9.Tastebuds
10.Pavlov 11.Tongue 12.Molars and premolars
13.3:2:1:2 14.Mastication 15.5th cranial
16.Surface 17.Bolus 18.Amylase
19.11.5 liters 20.Mucus 21.Peristalsis
22.Alkaline 23.Pyloric sphincter 24.cow
25.Secretin 26.Mucus 27.villi
28.Faecal matter 29.Canines 30.Hcl
31.Diencephol 32.Mastication 33.Canines
34.Circular 35.Ptylin 36.Medullaablongata
37.Alkaline 38.Acidic 39.Neutral
40.Mucus 41.Hcl 42.Ruminants
43.30----40 hours 44.villi 45.Anus
46.Epithelial cellls 47.Diencepholon 48.Tongue
49.Autonomous nervous 50.Carbohydrates

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system

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