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Data :

 

Ball A

 

Ball B

Time (Minutes)

Temperature ()

Time (Minutes)

Temperature ()

 
  • 1.00 1.00

3

 

3

 
  • 2.00 2.00

4

 

4

 
  • 3.00 3.00

6

 

6

 
  • 4.00 4.00

9

 

9

 
  • 5.00 5.00

12

 

12

 
  • 6.00 6.00

19

 

19

 
  • 7.00 7.00

23

 

23

 
  • 8.00 8.00

26

 

26

 
  • 9.00 9.00

29

 

29

 
  • 10.00 10.00

32

 

32

 
  • 11.00 11.00

35

 

35

 
  • 12.00 12.00

39

 

39

 
  • 13.00 13.00

43

 

43

 
  • 14.00 14.00

47

 

47

 
  • 15.00 15.00

50

 

50

 
  • 16.00 16.00

54

 

54

 
  • 17.00 17.00

56

 

56

 
  • 18.00 18.00

59

 

59

 
  • 19.09 19.09

61

 

62

Discussion

Softening point is the temperature at which a substance attains a particular degree of softness under specified conditions of test. As temperature increases, asphalt cement changes from solid to liquid, and the stiffness of asphalt cement will reduce accordingly. Before mixing with aggregates to form a road pavement, asphalt cement must be soft enough in order for it to be handled easily during pavement work. The most common method to soften the asphalt cement is by heating it. Higher grade asphalt cement has higher softening temperature compare to lower grade asphalt cement. The ring and ball test is commonly used to determine the softening temperature of asphalt cement.

PENETRATION INDEX

The ring and ball test in conjunction with penetration test are used to determine the penetration index to estimate the viscoelastic properties of an asphalt cement. This method can be used to predict hightemperature shear resistance of the paving mixture.

PI value

characteristics

PI < 2

Newtonian characteristics (bond very strong to particles) Brittle at low temperature Very high temperature susceptibility

2 < PI < +2

Normal bitumen Elastic characteristics with little tixotrophy

PI > +2

Non-Newtonian characteristics Not susceptible to temperature

Asphalt cement with PI between 1 to +1 is suitable to be used in asphalt paving works.

Our result of PI value is on range 0 to +1 based on penetration at 25is 31.22 dmm and softening point temperature is 62and 61. Based on our PI value it is can be used in asphalt paving work. Our softening result is acceptable because the result of the ball A and ball B is ±1that is ball A drop at 61and ball B drop at 62.

Conlcusion

In conclusion our softening point for paving work of road.

bitumen is normal

bitumen that is +1 . it is can be used in