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Liquid-Ring Vacuum Pump Operating Instructions

L_900 Series

Types 2BE3 30. to 2BE3 72.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH All rights reserved. Order No.: A1B 3327 EN
Katzwanger Strae 150 Edition 04/2003
90461 Nrnberg English
Germany

Phone: +49 911 1454 5268


Fax: +49 911 1454 5252
E-mail: service@nash-elmo.com
Internet: www.nash-elmo.com
nash_elmo Industries GmbH 04/2003
All rights reserved.

Transmittal, reproduction, dissemination and/or editing of this document as well as utilization of its contents and
communication thereof to others without express authorization are prohibited. Offenders will be held liable for payment of
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Contents

Contents

1 Glossary.............................................................................................................................................. 7
2 Safety.................................................................................................................................................. 8
2.1 Definitions................................................................................................................................. 8
2.1.1 Safety alert symbol ...................................................................................................... 8
2.1.2 Signal words ................................................................................................................ 8
2.2 General safety precautions ...................................................................................................... 9
2.3 Residual risks ......................................................................................................................... 15
3 Intended Use .................................................................................................................................... 17
4 Technical Data.................................................................................................................................. 18
4.1 Mechanical data ..................................................................................................................... 18
4.2 Operating conditions............................................................................................................... 31
5 Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor ...................................................................................... 39
5.1 Design .................................................................................................................................... 39
5.2 Operating method................................................................................................................... 39
5.3 Structure ................................................................................................................................. 40
5.4 Housing .................................................................................................................................. 40
5.5 End shields ............................................................................................................................. 40
5.6 Operating liquid ...................................................................................................................... 41
5.6.1 Tasks ......................................................................................................................... 41
5.6.2 Properties .................................................................................................................. 41
5.6.3 Feed and discharge ................................................................................................... 41
5.6.4 Conversion................................................................................................................. 42
5.7 Sealing liquid .......................................................................................................................... 43
5.7.1 Tasks ......................................................................................................................... 43
5.7.2 Properties .................................................................................................................. 43
5.7.3 Feed and discharge ................................................................................................... 43
5.8 Shaft seals.............................................................................................................................. 44
5.8.1 Types of shaft seals................................................................................................... 44
5.8.2 Stuffing boxes ............................................................................................................ 45
5.8.3 Mechanical seals ....................................................................................................... 47
5.8.3.1 General information.................................................................................... 47
5.8.3.2 Single-acting mechanical seals (single mechanical seals) ........................ 49
5.8.3.3 Double-acting mechanical seals (double mechanical seals), arrangement
"back to back"............................................................................................. 51
5.8.3.4 Notes .......................................................................................................... 52
5.9 Bearings ................................................................................................................................. 53
6 Transport and Handling .................................................................................................................... 54
7 Installation......................................................................................................................................... 56
7.1 Delivery scope ........................................................................................................................ 56
7.2 Connection variants................................................................................................................ 56
7.3 Installation .............................................................................................................................. 60
7.3.1 Installing on base frame ............................................................................................ 60
7.3.2 Installing on foundation blocks .................................................................................. 62
7.4 Drive (drive motor, gear unit, coupling) .................................................................................. 64
7.5 Connection:general information ............................................................................................. 66
7.5.1 Connection variants of piping and partial draining .................................................... 66
7.5.2 Requirements for pipes and pipe connections .......................................................... 69
7.6 Connecting pipes/hoses (vacuum pump/compressor) ........................................................... 70
7.6.1 Inlet connection.......................................................................................................... 71
7.6.2 Discharge connection ................................................................................................ 71
7.6.3 Operating-liquid port .................................................................................................. 74
7.6.4 Sealing liquid connection........................................................................................... 75
7.6.5 Connection for draining and flushing ......................................................................... 79
7.6.6 Notes ......................................................................................................................... 80
7.7 Accessories ............................................................................................................................ 80
7.8 Final measures ....................................................................................................................... 81

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Contents

8 Commissioning ................................................................................................................................. 83
8.1 Preparations for commissioning ............................................................................................. 85
8.2 Start-up................................................................................................................................... 87
8.3 Shut-down .............................................................................................................................. 89
9 Operation .......................................................................................................................................... 90
9.1 Start-up................................................................................................................................... 90
9.2 Shut-down .............................................................................................................................. 90
10 Shutting down and longer standstill.................................................................................................. 91
10.1 Draining .................................................................................................................................. 92
10.2 Preparing for longer standstill................................................................................................. 95
10.2.1 Shutting down and securing machine........................................................................ 95
10.2.2 Special preparations for longer standstill .................................................................. 95
10.3 Storage conditions.................................................................................................................. 97
11 Servicing ........................................................................................................................................... 98
11.1 Inspection ............................................................................................................................. 100
11.2 Maintenance ......................................................................................................................... 102
11.2.1 Cleaning................................................................................................................... 103
11.2.2 Decalcifying ............................................................................................................. 105
11.2.3 Neutralizing.............................................................................................................. 107
11.2.4 Stuffing boxes .......................................................................................................... 108
11.2.4.1 Adjusting stuffing boxes ........................................................................... 108
11.2.4.2 Adding to stuffing box packing ................................................................. 112
11.2.4.3 Replacing stuffing box packing ................................................................ 114
11.2.5 Lubricating bearings ................................................................................................ 117
11.3 Repairs/troubleshooting........................................................................................................ 122
11.4 Spare parts ........................................................................................................................... 126
11.4.1 Ordering manufacturer's spare parts....................................................................... 126
11.4.2 Ordering standardized parts .................................................................................... 127
11.4.3 Important spare parts .............................................................................................. 127
11.5 Service/After-sales service ................................................................................................... 127
11.6 Decontamination and Declaration of Clearance................................................................... 128
12 Disposal .......................................................................................................................................... 129
12.1 General information .............................................................................................................. 129
12.2 Components with lining ........................................................................................................ 129
13 Accessories..................................................................................................................................... 130
13.1 Liquid separator.................................................................................................................... 130
13.2 Y-pipe ................................................................................................................................... 131
14 Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List ........................................................ 132
14.1 Parts list................................................................................................................................ 132
14.2 Exploded view ...................................................................................................................... 133
14.3 Cross-sectional diagram....................................................................................................... 135
15 Manufacturer's Declaration............................................................................................................. 137
16 Form for Declaration of Clearance ................................................................................................. 138

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List of Illustrations

List of Illustrations
Fig. 1: Dimensions............................................................................................................................. 18
Fig. 2: Dimensions of welding neck flange for partial draining .......................................................... 24
Fig. 3: Forces and torques on flanges............................................................................................... 28
Fig. 4: Design and operation of liquid-ring vacuum pumps/compressors (cross-section of operating
chamber) ................................................................................................................................ 39
Fig. 5: Model with one-part housing (without partition), longitudinal section..................................... 40
Fig. 6: Model with divided housing (with partition), longitudinal section............................................ 40
Fig. 7: Stuffing box............................................................................................................................. 45
Fig. 8: Mechanical seal, single-acting, with internal sealant supply(a) or with external sealant supply49
Fig. 9: Mechanical seal, double-acting, with external sealant supply................................................ 51
Fig. 10: Lifting machine sets or machines mounted on base plates ................................................... 55
Fig. 11: Lifting individual machines ..................................................................................................... 55
Fig. 12: Connection with top-mounted liquid separator....................................................................... 57
Fig. 13: Connection without liquid separator ....................................................................................... 57
Fig. 14: Connection with top-mounted liquid separator and self-regulating operating-liquid circuit.... 58
Fig. 15: Connection with side separator .............................................................................................. 58
Fig. 16: Connection for several machines with shared liquid tank ...................................................... 59
Fig. 17: Connection for several machines with raised liquid tank ....................................................... 59
Fig. 18: Installing on foundation blocks ............................................................................................... 62
Fig. 19: Discharge connection at bottom, inlet connection at top........................................................ 67
Fig. 20: Discharge connection at bottom, inlet connection at bottom.................................................. 67
Fig. 21: Discharge connection at top, inlet connection at top.............................................................. 67
Fig. 22: Discharge connection at top, inlet connection at bottom........................................................ 67
Fig. 23: Pipe/hose connections of vacuum pump / of compressor (side view: end shield)................. 70
Fig. 24: Welding neck flange for partial draining ................................................................................. 72
Fig. 25: Sight glass (connection for partial draining) ........................................................................... 73
Fig. 26: Funnel (connection for partial draining).................................................................................. 73
Fig. 27: Stuffing box............................................................................................................................. 75
Fig. 28: Connection of pipes/hoses: Mechanical seal, single-acting, with internal sealant supply(a) or
with external sealant supply ................................................................................................... 77
Fig. 29: Connection of pipes/hoses: Mechanical seal, double-acting, with external sealant supply... 77
Fig. 30: Sight glass (connection for draining and flushing) ................................................................. 79
Fig. 31: Funnel (connection for draining and flushing) ........................................................................ 79
Fig. 32: Connection with top-mounted liquid separator....................................................................... 84
Fig. 33: Draining: Mechanical seal, single-acting, with internal sealant supply(a) or with external
sealant supply......................................................................................................................... 94
Fig. 34: Draining: Mechanical seal, double-acting, with external sealant supply ................................ 94
Fig. 35: Stuffing box........................................................................................................................... 108
Fig. 36: Sealing-water distribution ring (15.02).................................................................................. 115
Fig. 37: Bearing insert on drive side.................................................................................................. 118
Fig. 38 Bearing insert on non-driving side........................................................................................ 118

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List of Illustrations

Fig. 39: Rating plate .......................................................................................................................... 126


Fig. 40: Accessories: Liquid separator and Y-pipe............................................................................ 130
Fig. 41: Exploded view of entire machine.......................................................................................... 133
Fig. 42: Exploded view of bearing inserts.......................................................................................... 134
Fig. 43: Cross-sectional diagram of entire machine .......................................................................... 135

(a)
Internal sealant supply = removal of the sealing liquid from the interior of the machine

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Glossary

1 Glossary
In these instructions the following technical terms with the specified meaning are used:

Designation: Definition:

Vacuum pump Machine for generating a vacuum.

Compressor Machine for generating a gauge pressure.

Machine Here: Vacuum pump or compressor.


Unit for extracting, transporting and compressing gases and/or vapors, as well as
for generating vacuum and gauge pressure. Here the drive is not considered part
of the machine.

Pump-motor unit Unit consisting of a machine and a drive motor.

Machine set Two or more machines that are interconnected with couplings and mounted on a
common base frame.

Driving side, Side of the machine on which the drive is connected.


D side

Non-driving side, Side of the machine on which no drive is connected.


N side

Inlet pressure Pressure of the pumped gases/vapors at the inlet connection of the machine.

Discharge pressure, Pressure of the pumped gases/vapors at the discharge connection of the machine.
compression pressure

Test pressure Pressure to which the machine is subjected when testing for leaks.

Qualified personnel Persons who, based on their training, experience and instruction, as well as their
knowledge of the pertinent standards, regulations, accident protection regulations
and operating conditions, are capable of carrying out certain tasks (e.g. start-up,
operation, maintenance, repair) and can recognize and avoid possible dangers in
the process. The required knowledge includes a knowledge of first aid and of the
on-site emergency equipment.
These persons must be authorized by the person responsible for system safety to
perform the required tasks.

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Safety

2 Safety
2.1 Definitions

To point out dangers and important


information, the following signal words and DANGER
symbols are used in these operating
instructions: Danger of injuries.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation,
that will result in death or serious injury
2.1.1 Safety alert symbol if the corresponding measures are not taken.

The safety alert symbol is WARNING


located in the safety precautions
in the highlighted heading field Danger of injuries.
on the left next to the signal word
(DANGER, WARNING, Indicates a potentially hazardous situation,
CAUTION). that could result in death or serious injury
if the corresponding measures are not taken.
Safety precautions with a safety
alert symbol indicate a danger of
injuries. CAUTION
Be sure to follow these safety
precautions to protect against Danger of injuries.
injuries or death! Indicates a potentially hazardous situation,
that may result in minor or moderate injury
if the corresponding measures are not taken.
Safety precautions without a
safety alert symbol indicate a
danger of damage. CAUTION
Danger of damage.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation
2.1.2 Signal words that may result in property damage
if the corresponding measures are not taken.

DANGER The signal words are located in


the safety precautions in the NOTICE
WARNING
highlighted heading field.
CAUTION Indicates a possible disadvantage,
They follow a certain hierarchy i.e. undesirable conditions or consequences
NOTICE and indicate can occur
(in conjunction with the safety if the corresponding measures are not taken.
NOTE alert symbol, see Chapter 2.1.1)
the seriousness of the danger
and the type of warning. NOTE
See the following explanations:
Indicates a possible advantage
if the corresponding measures are taken;
tip.

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Safety

2.2 General safety precautions

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
These operating instructions
must have been read completely and understood before beginning any work with or at the
machine,
must be strictly observed,
must be available at the operating location of the machine.

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
This machine may only be operated
for the purposes indicated under "Intended Use"!
with the fluids indicated under "Intended Use"!
with the values indicated under "Technical Data"!

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
All work on and with the machine (transport, installation, commissioning, shut-down, maintenance,
disposal) may only be carried out by trained, reliable qualified personnel!

WARNING
When working on the machine, there is a danger of injury,
e.g. in the form of cuts/cutting off, crushing and burns!
During all work on and with the machine (transport, installation, commissioning, shut-down,
maintenance, disposal) always wear personal safety equipment (safety helmet, protective gloves,
safety boots)!

WARNING
Hair and clothing can be pulled into the machine or caught and wound up
by moving parts!
Do not wear long, loose hair or loose-fitting clothes!
Use a hair net!

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Safety

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Commissioning and operation should only be carried out under the following conditions:
In the completely mounted state.

In particular:
With connected lines on inlet and discharge connections.
Keep unused connections closed with blind flanges.
With closed inspection covers on the end shields.
With mounted lines and fittings on the connections in the end shield.
Keep unused connections closed with the sealing devices provided (plugs, covers).

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Before beginning work on the machine or dismantling, take the following measures:
Shut down machine and secure against being switched on again.
Hang a warning sign on the system controller and on the control elements for the machine:
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum pump/compressor!
Do not switch on!"
Wait for the machine to come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.
Shut off lines.
Carry out pressure relief.
Drain off excess liquid.
Make sure that no gauge pressure or vacuum is present in the lines, tanks etc. to be opened.

In particular, do not remove the following components until after the machine has come to a complete
stop, the lines have been shut-off and the pressure has been released:
The lines and blind flanges on the inlet and discharge connections.
The inspection covers on the end shields.
The lines, fittings and closures (plugs, covers) on the connections in the end shield.

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Safety

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Restarting only under the following conditions:
After completing all work on the machine.
After complete reassembly.

In particular:
With connected lines on inlet and discharge connections.
Keep unused connections closed with blind flanges.
With closed inspection covers on the end shields.
With mounted lines and fittings on the connections in the end shield.
Keep unused connections closed with the sealing devices provided (plugs, covers).

WARNING
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
For inlet and discharge side, as well as for the feed and discharge of operating liquid and sealing
liquid the following applies:
Use connections, lines fittings and containers with sufficient freedom from leaks and strength for the
resulting pressures.
Before commissioning, following dismantling and reassembly, as well as at regular intervals, check
the connections of the pipe/hose connections, lines, fittings and containers for strength, leaks and
firm seating.
Check connection elements and tighten if necessary.

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Safety

DANGER
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
Impermissibly high pressures lead to bursting of parts, abrupt escaping of fluids (skin and eye
injuries), and sudden drawing in of hair and clothing!
Extreme danger!
The machine may not be operated with a blocked inlet or discharge side!
Before putting into operation, ensure the following:
The closures of the inlet and discharge connections used must be removed.
All pipes must be connected.
The shut-off device (e.g. valves, gate valves etc.) in the lines must be open.
The connections and lines may not be or become clogged with deposits or solid materials.
When feeding fluids containing solid materials, suitable screens or filters must be connected
upstream of the machine.

WARNING
Danger of burns/scalding by hot fluids and by hot surfaces
of the machine (shaft bearings)!
Do not touch during operation!
Allow to cool after shut-down!
This especially applies to inlet and pressure lines and the surface of the shaft bearings!

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts
(exposed shaft ends, drive [drive motor, gear unit, coupling]):
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns),
crushing of extremities,
grasping/winding up of hair and clothing!
For the attachment of the drive (drive motor, gear unit, coupling) and the exposed shaft end, the
following applies:
Rotating parts must be protected against touching.
Provide safety device (e.g. cover).
For the machine design with a second shaft end:
Mount provided protective hood for the second shaft end.

Only start up and operate with safety device mounted.


Before removing the safety device, wait for the rotating parts to come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.

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Safety

WARNING
Openings in bearing bracket/shaft mounting of end shields:
Danger from rotating parts (shaft):
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns),
cutting on shaft shoulders,
grasping/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger from fluids spraying out:
Skin and eye injuries!
For the openings in the bearing bracket/shaft mounting of the end shields, the following applies:
Do not look or reach into the openings in the bearing bracket/shaft mounting of the end shields
while the machine is running.
Always only conduct work in this area after the shaft has come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.
When conducting work in this area that must be carried out with the machine running, wear
personal safety equipment (protective gloves, hair net, protective goggles).

WARNING
Danger from flammable or explosive substances:
Fire, explosion!
Danger from aggressive or toxic substances:
Irritations and caustic burns, poisoning, injuries to the eyes!
In the case of dangerous fluid (operating liquid, sealing liquid, pumped gases/vapors):
Inquire with Service Department!
Take the following measures:
Make sure that the fluids cannot escape.
Use suitable shaft seals (e.g. mechanical seals with external sealant supply).
Provide closed systems for the feed and discharge of the fluids.
Equip fluid feed pipes and discharge pipes with shut-off fittings.
Before start-up, flush entire system with inert gas.
Before working on the machine or system, drain and decontaminate.
When working on the machine or system, wear personal safety equipment (protective gloves,
protective goggles, breathing protection)!
Observe safety data sheets of fluid manufacturer!
Immediately neutralize and dispose of escaped fluids.

Attach warning sign(s) on the machine if necessary:


"Warning, flammable substances"
"Warning, explosive substances"

"Warning, caustic substances"


"Warning, hazardous or irritating substances"
"Warning, toxic substances"

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Safety

WARNING
Danger of injuries from tilting or falling parts!
When the mountings of some parts are released, they are only held by their centering device, their
seat or not at all, enabling them to tilt or fall.
Only carry out start-up and operation in the completely assembled state.
Check mounting elements regularly for secure seating.
Exercise appropriate caution during removal and mounting.
Check following each removal and remounting whether all mounting elements have been
remounted and tightened.

WARNING
Danger of injuries from tilting or falling of the machine!
Take the following measures:
The machine must be installed on a level surface.
The machine must be anchored to the installation surface with the fixing lugs in the feet.
Check mounting elements regularly for secure seating.
Check following each removal and remounting whether all mounting elements have been
remounted and tightened.

CAUTION
Danger of slipping and falling due to escaping liquid!
Before start-up and operation, following removal and remounting as well as at regular intervals:
Check shaft seal for leaks.
If necessary, readjust or replace.
Wipe up escaped liquid immediately.

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Safety

2.3 Residual risks

WARNING
Danger zone:
Openings in bearing bracket/shaft mounting of end shields:
rotating shaft, fluids spraying out.
Hazard:
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns).
Cutting on shaft shoulders.
Grasping/winding up of hair and clothing.
Skin and eye injuries!
Protective measures:
Do not look or reach into the openings in the bearing bracket/shaft mounting of the end shields while
the machine is running.
Always only conduct work in this area after the shaft has come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.
When conducting work in this area that must be carried out with the machine running, wear personal
safety equipment (protective gloves, hair net, protective goggles).
Do not wear long, loose hair or loose-fitting clothes!
Use a hair net!

WARNING
Danger zone:
Exposed shaft end.
Drive (drive motor, gear unit, coupling),
attached by operator.
Hazard:
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns).
Crushing of extremities.
Grasping/winding up of hair and clothing.
Protective measures:
Rotating parts must be protected against touching.
Provide safety device (e.g. cover).
Only start up and operate with safety device mounted.
Before removing the safety device, wait for the rotating parts to come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.
Do not wear long, loose hair or loose-fitting clothes!
Use a hair net!

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Safety

WARNING
Danger zone:
Discharge connection.
Connections in end shield.
Inspection covers on end shields.
Hazard:
In the case of aggressive or toxic fluids (operating liquid, sealing liquid, pumped gases/vapors):
Danger of irritation and caustic burns, poisoning, injuries to the eyes.
Protective measures:
In the case of aggressive or toxic fluids (operating liquid, sealing liquid, pumped gases/vapors):
When working on the machine or near the machine, wear personal safety equipment (protective
gloves, protective goggles, breathing protection)!
Attach warning sign(s) on the machine if necessary:
"Warning, caustic substances"
"Warning, hazardous or irritating substances"
"Warning, toxic substances"

WARNING
Danger zone:
Hot fluids (pumped gases/vapors).
Hazard:
Burns/scalding.
Protective measures:
At fluid temperatures (pumped gases/vapors) from 60 C:
Attach warning sign to the machine:
"Warning, hot liquids and vapors/gases"

WARNING
Danger zone:
Hot surface of shaft bearing.
Hazard:
Burns/scalding.
Protective measures:
Do not touch during operation!
Allow to cool after shut-down!
During mounting and removal, wear personal safety equipment (protective gloves)!

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Intended Use

3 Intended Use
These operating instructions When operating the L_900 2BE3, the limits
apply to liquid-ring vacuum pumps of the listed in Chapter 4, "Technical Data", Pg. 18 ff.
series L_900, types 2BE3 30. to 2BE3 72., must always be complied with.
contain instructions bearing on transport
and handling, installation, commissioning,
operation, shut-down, storage, servicing
and disposal of the L_900 2BE3, Foreseeable Misuse
must be completely read and understood by
all operating and servicing personnel before It is prohibited
beginning to work with or on the L_900 to use the L_900 2BE3 in applications other
2BE3, than industrial applications
must be strictly observed, unless the necessary protection is provided
must be available at the site of operation of on the system,
the L_900 2BE3. e.g. guards suitable for children's fingers,
to use the device in rooms in which
About the operating and servicing personnel of explosive gases can occur if the L_900
the L_900 2BE3: 2BE3 is not expressly intended for this
These persons must be trained and purpose;
authorized for the work to be carried out. to extract, to deliver and to compress
Work on electrical installations may be explosive, flammable, corrosive or toxic
carried out by trained and authorized fluids
electricians only. unless the L_900 2BE3 is specifically
designed for this purpose,
The L_900 2BE3s to operate the L_900 2BE3 with values
are machines for generating a vacuum. other than those specified in Chapter 4,
are used to extract and transport the "Technical Data", Pg. 18 ff.
following Working with or on the L_900 2BE3 by
pumped gases/vapors: unqualified persons.
dry and moist gases without
dangerous properties. Any unauthorized modifications of the L_900
For gases/vapors that differ, an inquiry 2BE3 are prohibited for safety reasons.
must be made with the Service Maintenance and repair work by the operator
Department. are only permitted in the scope described in
are designed for operation with the these operating instructions.
following Any maintenance and repair work going
operating liquids: beyond this may only be conducted by
liquids that are not flammable, explosive, companies authorized by the manufacturer
aggressive or toxic, (inquiry with the Service Department
generally water. necessary).
The operating liquid must be free of solid
materials (such as sand).
For operating liquids that differ, an
inquiry must be made with the Service
Department.
are designed for operation with the
following
sealing liquids:
liquids that are not flammable, explosive,
aggressive or toxic,
generally water.
For sealing liquids that differ, an inquiry
must be made with the Service
Department.
exist in the following models:
2BE3 30. to 2BE3 72.
are intended for industrial applications.
are designed for continuous operation.

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4
4.1
N4.41
D N 10
L N2.01 AE AE N1.0
N3.2
LD LE 2 1 d z 11 Dimensions
7
N3.2
Technical Data

N8.7

Subject to changes
(AS) 7
(BS) N3.2 7
9
N2.0 8
2

DE
DE
N1.01

DA
DA

nash_elmo Industries GmbH


1
Mechanical data
Technical Data

HD
HE
DN
GA N4.6 d4
k

H
LK 6

HF
N4.3 D

HK
5

KA BA N4.2 N3.0

HA

HH
HC
E C B 4 3
LM AA AC K
BB A
LC AB
AF AD

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Fig. 1: Dimensions

1 Inlet connection, top (N1.0) and bottom (N1.01) Items 1 to 9 are present on both end shields.
2 Discharge connection, bottom (N2.0) and top (N2.01)
3 Connection for operating-liquid feed pipe The holes of the flanges (10) are arranged symmetrically relative to the
(operating-liquid port) (N3.0) main axes.
4 Connection for draining and flushing (N4.2)
5 Connection for discharge pipe of exiting sealing liquid For design as per DIN (all except "F62"):
(seepage liquid) (N4.3) Connections N1.0 (N1.01), N2.0 (N2.01), N3.0 and N4.2 are drilled as
6 2 Connections for complete draining (N4.6), sealed with plug per DIN.
7 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid (N3.2) Connections N3.2, N4.3, N4.41 and N4.6 with female thread as per
8 2 Inspection cover ISO 7/1.
9 2 Connections for pressure gauge (N8.7), sealed with plug
10 Connection for removing operating liquid from the interior of the machine For design as per ANSI ("F62"):
for use as sealing liquid (N4.41) Connections N1.0 (N1.01) and N2.0 (N2.01) are drilled as per ANSI.

Edition 04/2003
11 Flange holes Connections N3.0 and N4.2 with counter flanges (not shown) for
welding on pipes with an outside diameter R1.
D, AS Driving side Connections N3.2, N4.3, N4.41 and N4.6 with female thread as per

Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


N, BS Non-driving side ISO 7/1.
Technical Data

A) Dimensions of Edges and Distances

Specifications in mm

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

A 620 620 875 875 1120 1120 1320 1320 1400 1600

AA 180 180 215 215 250 250 300 300 320 340

AB 800 800 1090 1090 1370 1370 1620 1620 1740 1900

AC 122.5 122.5 160 160 175 175 200 200 200 200

AD 500 500 660 660 790 790 915 915 980 1070

AE 217.5 217.5 300 300 385 385 435 435 460 490

AF 470 470 625 625 750 750 875 875 935 1025

B 842 1078 1103 1392 1490 1740 1747 2042 2200 2390

BA 170 170 220 220 250 250 300 300 300 340

BB 992 1228 1314 1603 1723 1973 2043 2338 2480 2730

C 305 305 377 377 411 411 398 398 423 427

DA 110 110 130 130 160 160 180 180 200 200

DE 117 117 137 137 167 167 187 187 217 217

E 210 210 250 250 300 300 300 300 350 350

F 28 28 32 32 40 40 45 45 45 45

GA 116 116 137 137 169 169 190 190 210 210

H 475 475 620 620 775 775 900 900 975 1060

HA 20 20 30 30 35 35 45 45 45 45

HC 158 158 209 209 227 227 249 249 261 273

HD 935 935 1195 1195 1490 1490 1760 1760 1900 2030

HE 905 905 1160 1160 1450 1450 1720 1720 1855 1985

HF 429.5 429.5 560 560 698 698 809 809 877 952

HH 83.5 83.5 104 104 112 112 124 124 131 133

HK 231 231 332 332 451 451 539 539 576 663

K 36 36 42 42 42 42 48 48 48 48

KA 42 42 50 50 50 50 58 58 58 58

L 1660 1896 2102 2391 2603 2853 2837 3132 3389 3587

LC 1873 2109 2359 2648 2913 3163 3144 3439 3748 3946

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 19 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Specifications in mm

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

LD 490 490 594 594 672 672 650 650 733 722

LE 892 1128 1169 1458 1568 1818 1843 2138 2280 2500

LK 54 54 55 55 59 59 62 62 64 66

LM 902 1138 1179 1468 1578 1828 1853 2148 2290 2510

Dimension Tolerance
A 2 mm
H if < 630 mm: - 1 mm
if < 1000 mm: - 1.5 mm
if > 1000 mm: - 2 mm
LE + 3.2 mm
- 2.9 mm
DA Tolerance class m6 as per DIN ISO 286-2
GA / F As per DIN 6885

Specifications in inches

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

A 24.41 24.41 34.45 34.45 44.09 44.09 51.97 51.97 55.12 62.99

AA 7.09 7.09 8.46 8.46 9.84 9.84 11.81 11.81 12.60 13.39

AB 31.50 31.50 42.91 42.91 53.94 53.94 63.78 63.78 68.50 74.80

AC 4.82 4.82 6.30 6.30 6.89 6.89 7.87 7.87 7.87 7.87

AD 19.69 19.69 25.98 25.98 31.10 31.10 36.02 36.02 38.58 42.13

AE 8.56 8.56 11.81 11.81 15.16 15.16 17.13 17.13 18.11 19.29

AF 18.50 18.50 24.61 24.61 29.53 29.53 34.45 34.45 36.81 40.35

B 33.15 42.44 43.43 54.80 58.66 68.50 68.78 80.39 86.61 94.09

BA 6.69 6.69 8.66 8.66 9.84 9.84 11.81 11.81 11.81 13.39

BB 39.06 48.35 51.73 63.11 67.83 77.68 80.43 92.05 97.64 107.48

C 12.01 12.01 14.84 14.84 16.18 16.18 15.67 15.67 16.65 16.81

DA 4.33 4.33 5.12 5.12 6.30 6.30 7.09 7.09 7.87 7.87

DE 4.61 4.61 5.39 5.39 6.57 6.57 7.36 7.36 8.54 8.54

E 8.27 8.27 9.84 9.84 11.81 11.81 11.81 11.81 13.78 13.78

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 20 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Specifications in inches

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

F 1.10 1.10 1.26 1.26 1.57 1.57 1.77 1.77 1.77 1.77

GA 4.57 4.57 5.39 5.39 6.65 6.65 7.48 7.48 8.27 8.27

H 18.70 18.70 24.41 24.41 30.51 30.51 35.43 35.43 38.39 41.73

HA 0.79 0.79 1.18 1.18 1.38 1.38 1.77 1.77 1.77 1.77

HC 6.22 6.22 8.23 8.23 8.94 8.94 9.80 9.80 10.28 10.75

HD 36.81 36.81 47.05 47.05 58.66 58.66 69.29 69.29 74.80 79.92

HE 35.63 35.63 45.67 45.67 57.09 57.09 67.72 67.72 73.03 78.15

HF 16.91 16.91 22.05 22.05 27.48 27.48 31.85 31.85 34.53 37.48

HH 3.29 3.29 4.09 4.09 4.41 4.41 4.88 4.88 5.16 5.24

HK 9.09 9.09 13.07 13.07 17.76 17.76 21.22 21.22 22.68 26.10

K 1.42 1.42 1.65 1.65 1.65 1.65 1.89 1.89 1.89 1.89

KA 1.65 1.65 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97 2.28 2.28 2.28 2.28

L 65.35 74.65 82.76 94.13 102.48 112.32 111.69 123.31 133.43 141.22

LC 73.74 83.03 92.87 104.25 114.69 124.53 123.78 135.39 147.56 155.35

LD 19.29 19.29 23.39 23.39 26.46 26.46 25.59 25.59 28.86 28.43

LE 35.12 44.41 46.02 57.40 61.73 71.57 72.56 84.17 89.76 98.43

LK 2.13 2.13 2.17 2.17 2.32 2.32 2.44 2.44 2.52 2.60

LM 35.51 44.80 46.42 57.80 62.13 71.97 72.95 84.57 90.16 98.82

Dimension Tolerance
A 0.08"
H If < 24.80": - 0.04"
if < 39.37": - 0.06"
if > 39.37": - 0.08"
LE + 0.13"
0.11"
DA Tolerance class m6 as per DIN ISO 286-2
GA / F As per DIN 6885

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 21 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Technical Data

B) Dimensions of Connections, Design as per DIN

N1.0 (N1.01), N2.0 (N2.01), N3.0, N4.2: Specifications in mm

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Flanges as per
DIN 2501 PN 10

N1.0 (N1.01) /
N2.0 (N2.01)
DN 150 150 250 250 300 300 350 350 350 400

d4 212 212 320 320 370 370 430 430 430 482

K 240 240 350 350 400 400 460 460 460 515

d 285 285 395 395 445 445 505 505 505 565

d 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 26

z 8 8 12 12 12 12 16 16 16 16
Flanges as per
DIN 2501 PN 16 / *PN6

N3.0 / N4.2
DN 32 32 50 50 50 50 *80 *80 *80 *80

d4 78 78 102 102 102 102 128 128 128 128

K 100 100 125 125 125 125 150 150 150 150

d M16 M16 M16 M16 M16 M16 M16 M16 M16 M16

z 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

N3.2, N4.3, N4.41, N4.6: Specifications in inches

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Connections with female


thread as per ISO 7/1

N3.2 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

N4.3 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

N4.41 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

N4.6 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 22 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Technical Data

C) Dimensions of Connections, Design as per ANSI

Specifications in inches

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Flanges as per
ANSI B16.5 150 lbs

N1.0 (N1.01) /
N2.0 (N2.01)
DN 6 6 10 10 12 12 14 14 14 16

d4 8 8 12 12 15 15 16 16 16 18

K 9 9 14 14 17 17 18 18 18 21

d 11 11 16 16 19 19 21 21 21 23
7 7
d /8 /8 1 1 1 1 1 1 /8 1 1 /8 1 1 /8 1 1 /8

z 8 8 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 16

N3.0 / N4.21
DN 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3

R1 1 5 /8 1 5 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 3 3 3 3
Connections with female
thread as per ISO 7/1

N3.2 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

N4.3 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

N4.41 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

N4.6 Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp Rp

1
Connections N3.0 and N4.2 with counter flange (not shown) for welding on pipes with outside
diameter R1.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 23 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

D N N4.21 D
1

D
H
A B C

Fig. 2: Dimensions of welding neck flange for partial draining

1 Welding neck flange for partial draining (N4.21)


Nominal diameter: DN 50 [2"]

When ordering from the factory with the discharge connection at the top, Item 1 may be connected to the lower
discharge connection on the non-driving side if necessary (model "F68").
For a detailed description of this model, see Chapter 7.5.1, "Connection variants of piping and partial draining",
Pg. 66 ff.

D) Dimensions of welding neck flange for partial draining

Specifications in mm

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

A 490 490 594 594 672 672 650 650 733 722

B 892 1128 1169 1458 1568 1818 1843 2138 2280 2500

C 541 541 689 689 819 819 944 944 1004 1094

E 1041 1041 1349 1349 1609 1609 1859 1859 1984 2164

H 429.5 429.5 560 560 698 698 809 809 877 952

D 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3

Specifications in inches

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

A 19.3 19.3 23.4 23.4 26.5 26.5 25.6 25.6 28.9 28.4

B 35.1 44.4 46.0 57.4 61.7 71.6 72.6 84.2 89.8 98.4

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Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Specifications in inches

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

C 21.3 21.3 27.1 27.1 32.2 32.2 37.2 37.2 39.5 43.1

E 41.0 41.0 53.1 53.1 63.3 63.3 73.2 73.2 78.1 85.2

H 16.9 16.9 22.0 22.0 27.5 27.5 31.9 31.9 34.5 37.5

D 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8 2 3 /8

Weight

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Weight (individual
machine)
without operating liquid
... without accessories

in tons 1.5 t 1.9 t 2.9 t 3.3 t 5.4 t 6.0 t 8.2 t 9.1 t 11.4 t 14.2 t

in short tons 1) 1.7 2.1 3.3 3.6 6.0 6.6 9.0 10.0 12.6 15.7
sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn
... with separator and
Y-pipe
in tons 1.8 t 2.3 t 3.4 t 3.9 t 6.2 t 6.8 t 9.2 t 10.2 t 12.7 t 15.7 t

in short tons1) 2.0 2.5 3.8 4.3 6.8 7.5 10.1 11.2 14.0 17.3
sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn
1)
1 sh tn = 2,000 lbs

Filling amount

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Volume for completely


filling a machine
in l 255 325 600 755 1350 1580 2180 2530 3090 4100

in gal (US) 67 86 160 200 355 420 575 670 815 1080

Materials
See catalog and separately supplied, detailed parts list ("Teileliste / Parts List").
If in doubt, the Service Department must be asked.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 25 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Speeds

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Permissible speed range 453 rpm 294 rpm 229 rpm 194 rpm 179 rpm 164 rpm
- - - - - -
809 rpm 612 rpm 477 rpm 405 rpm 373 rpm 341 rpm

Output
The required output of the drive is dependent on various factors (machine size, system conditions,
desired operating point etc.).
It must be determined jointly by nash_elmo and the system builder.

If the output has already been determined:


See project planning documents for the system.

If the output has not yet been determined:


Ask the Service Department.

Noise level
During normal operation between 70 and 80 dB(A).
Under extreme operating conditions it may also be higher.

CAUTION
Danger from noise emissions!
The machines are generally approved for a broad range of installation and operating conditions.
These conditions have a major influence on the noise emissions, e.g.:
Foundation rigid or vibration-isolated,
Drive connected directly or via a gear unit,
Type, insulation and routing of the connection lines,
Compression and speed ratios.

The actual noise values at the workplace can only be measured locally on the assembled machines
taking all these factors into account. If the values measured locally exceed the maximum permissible
values, they must be reduced with suitable measures:
By changing the installation and operating conditions,
With noise insulation.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 26 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Technical Data

Tightening torques for screw connections

For the following screw connections (Fig. 41, Pg. 133):


40.14 Screw connections on inspection cover
40.16, 40.17 Screw connections on flanges on end shield
50.11, 50.12, 50.13, 50.14 Screw connections on bearing inserts
56.03, 56.04, 56.05 Screw connections on flanges to Y-pipe
60.03, 60.04, 60.05 Screw connections on flanges to separator

Thread Size Torque


in Nm in ft lbs
M8 20 15
M10 40 30
M12 70 52
M16 170 125
M20 340 250
M24 600 443

For the following screw connections (Fig. 41, Pg. 133):


22.04 Lock on shaft bushing/feather key
30.03 Screw connections for end shield to port plate
37.04 Nut on mounting of intercepting plate
Screw connections on machine feet

Thread Size Torque


in Nm in ft lbs
M8 11 8
M10 22 16
M12 38 28
M16 92 68
M20 180 133
M24 310 230
M36 1080 797
M42 1700 1254

For the following screw connections (Fig. 41, Pg. 133):


35.03 Housing tie-rod

Type Thread Size Torque


in Nm in ft lbs
2BE3 30 / 32 M16 92 68
2BE3 40 / 42 M20 180 133
2BE3 50 / 52 M24 310 230
2BE3 60 / 62 / 67 M30 620 457
2BE3 72 M36 1080 796

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 27 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Forces and torques on flanges

3 MT
1 1
MB F

F F
MB

2 2

Fig. 3: Forces and torques on flanges


1 Connection, top MB Torque around horizontal axis
2 Connection, bottom MT Torque around vertical axis
3 Y-pipe (connection for inlet pipe) F Force
4 Liquid separator (connection for discharge pipe) DN Nominal diameter as per DIN EN ISO 6708

Specifications in N and Nm

Type 2BE3 ... 30. / 32. 40. / 42. 50. / 52. 60. / 62. 67. 72.

Flange 1
DN 150 250 300 350 350 400

F in N 2,400 4,400 4,400 7,000 7,000 7,000

MB in Nm 1,000 3,000 3,500 6,700 6,700 7,300

MT in Nm 1,350 4,100 4,700 9,000 9,000 9,750


Flange 2
DN 150 250 300 350 350 400

F in N 1,900 3,600 5,200 6,100 6,100 6,100

MB in Nm 820 2,500 4,200 5,700 5,700 6,200

MT in Nm 1,100 3,350 5,600 7,600 7,600 8,200


Flange 3 350 400 500 500
DN 200 300

F in N 4,200 5,700 5,700 7,500 9,100 9,100

MB in Nm 2,400 5,000 5,200 7,900 11,500 11,500

MT in Nm 3,200 6,600 6,900 10,000 15,000 15,000


Flange 4 200 300 350 400 500 500
DN

F in N 3,500 5,700 5,700 7,500 9,100 9,100

MB in Nm 1,900 5,000 5,200 7,900 11,500 11,500

MT in Nm 2,500 6,600 6,900 10,000 15,000 15,000

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 28 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Specifications in lbs and ft lbs

Type 2BE3 ... 30. / 32. 40. / 42. 50. / 52. 60. / 62. 67. 72.

Flange 1 14 16
DN 6 10 12 14

F in lbs 540 990 990 1,575 1,575 1,575

MB in ft lbs 735 2,210 2,580 4,940 4,940 5,385

MT in ft lbs 995 3,025 3,465 6,635 6,635 7,190


Flange 2
DN 6 10 12 14 14 16

F in lbs 425 810 1,170 1,370 1,370 1,370

MB in ft lbs 605 1,845 3,100 4,200 4,200 4,570

MT in ft lbs 810 2,470 4,130 5,600 5,600 6,050


Flange 3 8 12 14 16 20 20
DN

F in lbs 945 1,280 1,280 1,685 2,045 2,045

MB in ft lbs 1,770 3,690 3,835 5,825 8,480 8,480

MT in ft lbs 2,360 4,865 5,090 7,375 11,100 11,100


Flange 4 12 14 16 20 20
DN 8

F in lbs 785 1,280 1,280 1,685 2,045 2,045

MB in ft lbs 1,900 3,690 3,835 5,825 8,480 8,480

MT in ft lbs 1,845 4,865 5,090 7,375 11,100 11,100

Shaft seals

Types of shaft seals

Type Shaft seals


2BE3 . . . - . . . 3 Stuffing box
with external liquid feed (external sealant supply)
2BE3 . . . - . . . 4 Stuffing box
with internal liquid wetting
2BE3 . . . - . . . 5 Mechanical seal
2BE3 . . . - . . . 6 Mechanical seal
2BE3 . . . - . . . 7 Mechanical seal
2BE3 . . . - . . . 8 Mechanical seal
2BE3 . . . - . . . 9 Mechanical seal

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 29 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

Stuffing boxes

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Nominal diameter of shaft


bushing
in mm 155 mm 205 mm 245 mm 270 mm 290 mm 305 mm

in inches 6.102" 8.07" 9.646" 10.63" 11.417" 12.008"

Total length of packing


rings per machine
in m 4.6 m 5.9 m 7.1 m 7.7 m 8.3 m 8.7 m

in feet 15.09 ft 19.36 ft 23.29 ft 25.26 ft 27.23 ft 28.54 ft

Length of individual
packing ring
in mm 560 mm 710 mm 850 mm 940 mm 1,000 mm 1,040 mm

in inches 22.05" 27.95" 33.46" 37.00" 39.37" 40.94"

Cross-section of packing
rings
in mm 12 mm 14 mm 16 mm 16 mm 16 mm 18 mm
x x x x x x
12 mm 14 mm 16 mm 16 mm 16 mm 18 mm

in inches 0.47" 0.55" 0.63" 0.63" 0.63" 0.71"


x x x x x x
0.47" 0.55" 0.63" 0.63" 0.63" 0.71"
Number of inner packing 2 2 2 2 2 2
rings per stuffing box
Number of outer packing 2 2 2 2 2 2
rings per stuffing box
Normal quality: Cotton packing with grease impregnation (see Spare Parts List)

Mechanical seals: Flushing types:

Type Single-Acting Mechanical Seals Double-Acting


Mechanical Seals
Internal sealant supply(a) External sealant supply External sealant supply
(Fig. 8, Pg. 49) (Fig. 8, Pg. 49) (Fig. 9, Pg. 51)
2BE3 ... On request* Standard* On request
(a)
Removal of the sealing liquid from the interior of the machine via a separate line on connection
N4.41.
* Later conversion from external sealant supply to internal sealant supply is normally possible.
Inquire with Service Department.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 30 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Technical Data

4.2 Operating conditions

Pumped gases/vapors
Type Dry and moist gases without
dangerous properties
Inlet temperature Min. 0 C [Min. 32 F]
Max. 80 C [Max. 176 F]

For machines with a stainless-steel impeller (material variants E, N) the


following applies:
At operating temperatures 50 C [ 122 F], special settings are required.
Ask the Service Department.
Inlet pressure Min. 160 mbar abs. [Min. 2.32 psia]
Discharge pressure Min. 1,100 mbar abs. [Min. 15.95 psia]

At higher values, ask the Service Department.

Normal separators are only approved for a discharge pressure


between 800 and 1,100 mbar abs. [between 11.6 and 15.95 psia].

Max. test pressure 3.5 bar abs. [50.75 psia]

Operating liquid
Type See Chapter 5.6, "Operating liquid", Pg. 41.
Temperature Nominal value: +15 C [59 F]
Limits: Min. 0 C [Min. 32 F]
Max. 60 C [Max. 140 F]
Feed pressure In start-up state
(i.e. pressures at inlet connection and discharge connection are still nearly
equal):
approx. 1.0 bar abs. (= 0 bar gauge pressure)
[approx. 14.5 psia (= 0 psi gauge pressure)]

In operation
(in dependence on the internal operating liquid circuit):
approx. 0.2 bar vacuum to 0.1 bar gauge pressure
[approx. 2.9 psi vacuum to 1.45 psi gauge pressure]

Also see test report.


Volumetric flow See below.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 31 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Technical Data

Volumetric flow
With normal cooling,
as described in Chapter 5.6, "Operating liquid", Section "Normal cooling", Pg. 42:

Specifications in m/h

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Volumetric flow of operating liquid in m/h


in dependence on inlet pressure in mbar abs.
(tolerance approx. 10 %)
200 mbar 5.3 6.7 9.4 12.8 17.4 21.1 24.1 29.4 34.6 41.3

250 mbar 5.5 7.0 9.7 13.2 17.7 21.6 24.7 30.1 35.5 42.2

300 mbar 5.6 7.1 9.9 13.5 18.3 22.2 25.4 30.9 36.4 43.5

400 mbar 5.1 6.5 9.0 12.3 16.6 20.2 23.0 28.0 33.0 39.4

500 mbar 4.4 5.6 7.9 10.7 14.4 17.6 20.1 24.4 28.7 34.3

600 mbar 3.7 4.7 6.6 9.0 12.1 14.8 16.9 20.5 24.1 28.9

700 mbar 3.0 3.8 5.3 7.3 9.9 12.0 13.7 16.7 19.7 23.5

800 mbar 2.4 3.0 4.2 5.8 7.8 9.5 10.9 13.2 15.5 18.6

Specifications in gal (US) / h

Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Volumetric flow of operating liquid in gal (US) / h


in dependence on inlet pressure in psia
(tolerance approx. 10 %)
2.9 psia 1,400 1,770 2,480 3,380 4,600 5,570 6,370 7,770 9,140 10,910

3.63 psia 1,450 1,850 2,560 3,490 4,680 5,710 6,530 7,950 9,380 11,150

4.35 psia 1,480 1,880 2,620 3,570 4,830 5,870 6,710 8,160 9,620 11,500

5.8 psia 1,350 1,720 2,380 3,250 4,390 5,340 6,080 7,400 8,720 10,410

7.25 psia 1,160 1,480 2,090 2,830 3,800 4,650 5,310 6,450 7,580 9,060

8.7 psia 980 1,240 1,740 2,380 3,200 3,910 4,470 5,420 6,370 7,640

10.15 psia 790 1,000 1,400 1,930 2,620 3,170 3,620 4,410 5,200 6,210

11.6 psia 630 790 1,110 1,530 2,060 2,510 2,880 3,490 4,100 4,910

With increased cooling (model "F64"),


as described in Chapter 5.6, "Operating liquid", Section "Increased cooling", Pg. 42:
The volumetric flow of the operating liquid must be doubled compared to that with normal cooling (see
above table).

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Technical Data

Sealing liquid (for model with external sealant supply)


Type See Chapter 5.7, "Sealing liquid", Pg. 43.
Temperature Nominal value: +15 C [59 F]
Limits: Min. 0 C [Min. 32 F]
Max. 65 C [Max. 149 F]
OR
Max. boiling point 10 K [Max. boiling point 18 F]
Whichever value is lower
Feed pressure With stuffing box (with external liquid feed [external sealant supply]):

0.1 - 0.3 bar [1.45 - 4.35 psi] above discharge pressure

CAUTION
At a feed pressure of > 0.3 bar [> 4.35 psi] above discharge
pressure, liquid spray can escape.
Danger of damage to machine by escaping liquid spray!
The feed pressure of the sealing liquid may not exceed 0.3 mbar [4.35
psi] above the discharge pressure!

With mechanical seal:

Single-acting mechanical seal (with external sealant supply):


approx. 0.1 - 0.3 bar [approx. 1.45 - 4.35 psi]
above the feed pressure of the operating liquid (with branching from the
operating-liquid feed pipe)
OR
above the discharge pressure (with feeding from separate source)

Double-acting mechanical seal (with external sealant supply):


approx. 1.5 bar [approx. 21.75 psi] above the discharge pressure

CAUTION
An incorrect feed pressure of the sealing liquid can lead to faults
and damage!
If the feed pressure is too low:
Sealing off is insufficient so that fluids can enter into the sealing
space and into the surrounding area.
The mechanical seal may be damaged.
If the feed pressure is too high:
Wearing of the mechanical seal is extreme.

Make sure that the feed pressure of the sealing liquid is always properly
adjusted!

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Technical Data

Volumetric flow With stuffing box (with external liquid feed [external sealant supply]):

0.5 dm/min [0.132 gal (US)/min (0.017 ft/min)]


Highly dependent on the stuffing box adjustment

With mechanical seal (with external sealant supply):

See below.

NOTICE
For stuffing boxes and mechanical seal the following applies:
The specified volumetric flows of the sealing liquid must be fed in both
on the driving side and on the non-driving side of the machine!

For mechanical seals the following applies:


A doubling of the specified volumetric flows is generally possible.
Inquire with Service Department.

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Technical Data

Volumetric flow
for mechanical seals, single and double-acting, (with external sealant supply)

Types 2BE3 ... 3.. 4.. 5.. 60. 62. 67. 72.

Nominal diameter of shaft


bushing
in mm 155*) 205 245 270 270 290 305

in inches 6.102*) 8.07 9.646 10.63 10.63 11.417 12.008

Mean speed nm

in rpm 660 372 298 266 266 236 210

Volumetric flow of sealing


liquid Vsp
... for single-acting
mechanical seals
(with external sealant supply)

in l/min

... for vacuum-pump 1.2 2.0


operation
... for compressor operation 1.5 2.5

in gal (US)/min

... for vacuum-pump 0.32 0.53


operation
... for compressor operation 0.4 0.66

... for double-acting


mechanical seals
(with external sealant supply)

in l/min

... for vacuum-pump 3.0 4.5


operation
... for compressor operation 3.75 5.625

in gal (US)/min 0.79 1.19

... for vacuum-pump 1.0 1.49


operation
... for compressor operation
*)
Diameter can differ depending on type of mechanical seal.

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Technical Data

CAUTION
Running dry will cause the mechanical seal to be destroyed within a matter of seconds!
Tolerance for the volumetric flow of the sealing liquid: 10%
The lower limit may not be dropped below, as otherwise the mechanical seal will be destroyed.
The upper limit may be exceeded by up to approx. twice the nominal value.
This is even an advantage due to the improved cooling.
However, the unnecessarily high consumption when using fresh water is a disadvantage. To protect
the environment, this should be avoided.

The specified volumetric flows of the sealing liquid apply for the following operating conditions:

Standard conditions for sealing liquid (with external sealant supply)


Variable Value
in metric units: in f p s units:
Sealing liquid Water with Water with
density H2O = 1000 kg/m density H2O = 62.45 lbs/ft3
Thermal capacity cp H2O Thermal capacity cp H2O
= 4.18 kJ/kg K = 0.998 btu / (lbs F)
Entry temperature tsp 15 C 59 F
Permissible warming 10 K 18 F
of sealing liquid tm
Feed pressure psp See above See above

With different operating conditions, the volumetric flow of the sealing liquid must be corrected as
follows:

Differing conditions for sealing liquid (with external sealant supply)


Different Variable Calculation of Volumetric Flow of Sealing Liquid
in metric units: in f p s units:
Different speed nx nx nx
Vx = Vsp in l / min Vx = Vsp in gal (US) / min
nm nm

Different permissible tm tm
warming of sealing Vx = Vsp in l / min Vx = Vsp in gal (US) / min
tx tx
liquid tx

Different sealing liquid cpH2O cpH2O


than water (x, cp x) mx = mspH2O in kg / h mx = mspH2O in lbs / h
cpx cpx

H2O H2O
Vx = m x in l / min Vx = m x in gal (US) / min
x 60 x 60

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Technical Data

In practice, the calculation is carried out as follows:

Example:
Vacuum pump 2BE1 252-0 with double-acting mechanical seals
Variable Value
in metric units: in f p s units:
Sealing liquid Methanol with Methanol with
density H4O = 791 kg/m density H4O = 49.4 lbs/ft3
Thermal capacity cp H4O Thermal capacity cp H4O
= 2.51 kJ/kg K = 0.599 btu / (lbs F)
Speed nx 880 rpm (60-Hz operation) 880 rpm (60-Hz operation)
Permissible warming 15 K 27 F
of sealing liquid tx

Calculation of Volumetric Flow of Sealing Liquid


... in metric units:

nx tm H2O cp H2O
Vsp H4O = Vsp in l / min
nm tx H4O cp H4O
880 10 1000 4.2
Vsp H4O = 2.0 in l / min
740 15 791 2.51
Vsp H4O = 3.35 l / min

... in f p s units:

nx tm H2O cp H2O
Vsp H4O = Vsp in gal (US) / min
nm tx H4O cp H4O
880 18 62.45 0.998
Vsp H4O = 0.53 in gal (US) / min
740 27 49.4 0.599
Vsp H4O = 0.86 gal (US) / min

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Technical Data

Legend
Symbol Designation Unit
of Physical Variable
metric fps
Density of sealing liquid kg/m lbs/ft

H2O ... with water kg/m lbs/ft

x ... with other liquids kg/m lbs/ft


cp Thermal capacity of sealing liquid kJ / (kg K) btu / (lbs F)
cp H2O ... with water kJ / (kg K) btu / (lbs F)
cp x ... with other liquids kJ / (kg K) btu / (lbs F)
t Temperature of sealing liquid C F
tsp Entry temperature C F

tm Permissible warming (default value) K F

tx Permissible warming (other value) K F


psp Feed pressure of sealing liquid bar psi
V Volumetric flow of sealing liquid l / min gal (US) / min
Vsp ... with standard conditions l / min gal (US) / min
Vx ... with different conditions l / min gal (US) / min

m Mass flow rate kg / h lbs / h


mspH2O ... with water kg / h lbs / h

mx ... with other liquids kg / h lbs / h

nm Mean speed (default value) rpm rpm


nx Different speed rpm rpm

Ambient conditions
Ambient temperature 40 C [ 104 F]
Relative humidity < 80 %
Ambient air Nearly neutral
(e.g. no solvent vapors, no salty air, no sandy or dusty air)

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5 Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

Fig. 4: Design and operation of liquid-ring


1 2
vacuum pumps/compressors (cross-section of
operating chamber)
4
1 Discharge connection
3 2 Inlet connection
3 Housing
4 Impeller
5 Discharge port
6 Inlet port
7 Operating liquid

5 6

5.1 Design 5.2 Operating method


The L_900 2BE3s are liquid-ring vacuum When the impeller turns, the operating liquid is
pumps/compressors. They are supplied with a put into motion and accelerated. This forms a
drive. For the detailed design, see Fig. 4, liquid ring that also rotates. Due to centrifugal
Pg. 39. force, this ring is arranged concentrically to the
housing and eccentrically to the impeller.
The pumped gases/vapors are sucked via the
inlet connection (2) into the machine and During a complete rotation of the impeller, the
pushed out via the discharge connection (1). following occurs:
The impeller cells are completely filled with
The impeller (4) with the blades is located in operating liquid at the upper vertex.
the cylindrical housing (3). The impeller is During the first half rotation, the liquid ring
arranged eccentrically relative to the housing. lifts off the impeller hub. The space in the
In addition, the housing also contains the cells increases so that the pumped
operating liquid (7). This liquid is fed in via the gases/vapors are sucked in through the
operating-liquid port (not visible) and output inlet port (6).
together with the pumped gases/vapors via the The space in the cells is largest at the lower
discharge connection (1). vertex, as these are virtually free of
operating liquid.
During the second half rotation, the liquid
ring approaches the hub again. The space
in the cells decreases so that the pumped
gases/vapors are compressed and pushed
out through the discharge port (5).

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

Fig. 5: Model with one-part housing (without Fig. 6: Model with divided housing (with
partition), longitudinal section partition), longitudinal section

5.3 Structure 5.5 End shields


The L_900 2BE3s are single-stage vacuum The housing is closed on the face with the two
pumps/compressors. end shields. Both end shields are provided with
two inlet flanges and two discharge flanges, of
They have a double-flow structure. This means which one each is located at the top and one
they are provided with inlet connections and at the bottom (see Fig. 4, Pg. 39).
discharge connections on both ends of the This enables the operator to connect the inlet
housing (both on the driving side and on the pipe and the discharge pipe of the system
non-driving side) so that the pumped depending on the space requirement as
gases/vapors are simultaneously fed to and follows:
discharged from the working space on both top (on top connection),
sides. bottom (on bottom connection).

The desired connection variant for the inlet


5.4 Housing pipe and discharge pipe is specified when
Due to its double-flow structure (see ordering.
Chapter 5.3, "Structure", Pg. 40) the L_900 The flanges required for the connection are
2BE3 can be operated in two ways depending open on delivery.
on the housing design: The flanges not required are closed on delivery
with blind flanges.
With one-piece housing (without partition):
The machine has one working space. The
Later conversion is possible by switching the
two inlet/discharge connection pairs are
blind flanges.
operated together (with equal pressures).
See Fig. 5, Pg. 40.
(For the connection variants, also see Chapter
With divided housing (with partition):
7.5.1, "Connection variants of piping and
The machine has two working spaces. The
partial draining", Pg. 66.)
two inlet/discharge connection pairs are
operated separately (with different
pressures).
See Fig. 6, Pg. 40.

The housing can be swiveled, i.e. the housing


position can be changed relative to the
impeller, enabling other values to be achieved.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.6 Operating liquid

5.6.1 Tasks 5.6.3 Feed and discharge


The operating liquid has the following tasks: The operating liquid is fed in via the operating-
liquid port and is output together with the
Formation of the liquid ring gases/vapors via the discharge connection.
(machine operating principle), Therefore, the new, cool operating liquid must
Sealing off the gap between the impeller be continuously fed to the machine.
and the port plate,
Cooling. (For the location of the operating-liquid port,
please see Fig. 23, Pg. 70.)
5.6.2 Properties
The following can be used as an operating WARNING
liquid:
Danger of environmental damage!
liquids that are not flammable, explosive,
If the operating liquid is harmful to the
aggressive or toxic,
environment, it may not be drained off into the
generally water. open. In this case it must be routed in a circuit
with forced circulation.
The operating liquid must be free of solid
materials (such as sand), as otherwise heavy
wearing of the machine will occur.
If impurities occur, suitable filters or sieves Variants of internal operating liquid routing
must be connected upstream of the machine.
No abrasive/erosive substances > 10 m may Depending on the internal routing and the
get into the machine. volumetric flow of the operating liquid, there
Maximum permissible solid quantity: 200 ppm. are two stages for its cooling:
normal cooling and increased cooling.
If limy operating liquid is used (danger of lime
deposits), suitable measures must be taken,
e.g. addition of water softener or installation of
an ionic accelerator.

CAUTION
Danger of subsequent damage in case of
calcification!
Hard lime layers can break open over time and
separate. This can cause damage to
components.
Take measures for the continuous prevention
of lime deposits or for regular removal of lime
deposits.
Also see Chapter 11.2.2, "Decalcifying",
Pg. 105.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

Normal cooling: 5.6.4 Conversion


This is the standard design of the machine.
... from normal cooling to increased
The operating liquid is routed in the internal
cooling:
partial circuit, i.e. part of the used operating
liquid is fed back into the machine. Not every model of the machine is suitable
The internal connections are open; the plug for the higher operating-liquid flow rate with
(Fig. 41, Pg. 133, Item 40.19) has been increased cooling.
removed. Inquire with Service Department.
The required volumetric flow of the operating The Service Department will provide
liquid is normal (as specified in Chapter 4.2, instructions for conversion.
"Operating conditions", Section "Operating
liquid", Pg. 31). ... from increased cooling to normal
cooling:
Increased cooling:
This is a special machine design (Model Remove the blind flange on both end
"F64"). This may be required due to the shields on the discharge side.
operating conditions, for example when the Remove the plug from the threaded hole
pumped gases are too hot or the feed rate is to located behind this (Fig. 41, Pg. 133,
be increased (the cooler the fluids, the higher Item 40.19).
the feed rate). Remount blind flanges.
The operating liquid is completely replaced, i.e.
used operating liquid is completely discharged
and replaced with new liquid.
The internal connections are closed; the plug
(Fig. 41, Pg. 133, Item 40.19) is mounted.
The required volumetric flow of the operating
liquid is doubled (compared to the
specifications in Chapter 4.2, "Operating
conditions", Section "Operating liquid", Pg. 31).

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.7 Sealing liquid

5.7.1 Tasks 5.7.3 Feed and discharge


The sealing liquid has the following tasks: Depending on the type and design of the shaft
seal, flushing with the sealing liquid can be
Sealing off the shaft seals, carried out in various ways:
Cooling,
lubricating the sliding surfaces. With stuffing boxes:
with internal liquid wetting
with external liquid feed (external
5.7.2 Properties sealant supply)
With mechanical seals:
The following can be used as a sealing liquid: with internal sealant supply
liquids that are not flammable, explosive, with external sealant supply
aggressive or toxic,
generally water. Depending on this, the feed and discharge of
the sealing liquid are also carried out in various
The sealing liquid must be free of solid ways.
materials (such as sand), as otherwise heavy
wearing of the machine will occur. For details on the types of shaft seals and the
If impurities occur, suitable filters or sieves types of sealing liquid, see Chapter 5.8, "Shaft
must be connected upstream of the machine. seals", Pg. 44.

If limy sealing liquid is used (danger of lime


deposits), suitable measures must be taken, WARNING
e.g. addition of water softener or installation of
Danger of environmental damage!
an ionic accelerator.
If the sealing liquid is harmful to the
environment, it may not be drained off into the
CAUTION open. In this case it must be routed in a circuit
with forced circulation.
Danger of subsequent damage in case of
calcification!
Hard lime layers can break open over time and
separate. This can cause damage to
components.
Take measures for the continuous prevention
of lime deposits or for regular removal of lime
deposits.
Also see Chapter 11.2.2, "Decalcifying",
Pg. 105.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.8 Shaft seals


5.8.1 Types of shaft seals

The following types of seals are used for To determine which shaft seal is installed in
sealing off the shaft: your machine, see the type designation (on the
rating plate).
Stuffing boxes See Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section
with internal liquid wetting "Types of shaft seals", Pg. 29.
with external liquid feed (external
sealant supply)
The sealing sections of the shaft have
Mechanical seals replaceable shaft bushings.
single-acting
(single mechanical seal)
... with internal sealant supply
... with external sealant supply
double-acting
(double mechanical seal)
... with external sealant supply

WARNING
Danger from flammable, aggressive or toxic
substances!
During operation with dangerous substances
(pumped gases/vapors or operating liquid),
make sure that these cannot escape!
Use suitable shaft seal (e.g. mechanical seal
with external sealant supply).

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.8.2 Stuffing boxes

Fig. 7: Stuffing box


15.03 15.02 15.03 15.06 / 15.07

15.01
15.01 Stuffing box gland
15.02 Sealing-water distribution ring
15.03 Stuffing box packing
15.04 Hexagon bolt for adjustment
15.05 Washer
15.06 Plug on connection for feed pipe of sealing
liquid
15.07 Thread sealing compound
22.01 Shaft bushing
40.01 End shield

(1) Pull-off thread,


located in sealing-water distribution ring
on atmospheric side

15.04

15.05
22.01 40.01 (1)

The stuffing box packings installed in the During operation the stuffing boxes are flushed
machine by the manufacturer can be of various with sealing liquid
materials (e.g. cotton, ramie fibers). This is (see Chapter 5.7, "Sealing liquid", Pg. 43).
dependent on the machine model. See the
separate, detailed parts list for further Stuffing boxes with impregnated, self-
information. lubricating cotton packings are suitable for
sealing liquid with a pH of approx. 6 to 8.
The stuffing box packings can be added or If you use sealing liquids with other pHs,
replaced without dismantling the entire packings of other materials must be used. Ask
machine. the packing manufacturer.
See Chapter 11.2.4.2, "Adding to stuffing box
packing", Pg. 112 or Chapter 11.2.4.3,
"Replacing stuffing box packing", Pg. 114.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

The stuffing box can be flushed with sealing Conversion


liquid in two different ways:
... from model with internal liquid wetting to
with internal liquid wetting and with
model with external liquid feed (external
external liquid feed (external sealant
sealant supply):
supply).
Also see Fig. 7, Pg. 45.
The connection Rp " for the feed pipe of
With internal liquid wetting: the sealing liquid (15.06) is located on the
(Type designation 2BE3...-2..4) center axis of the end shield just above the
stuffing box gland.
The connection for the feed pipe of the It is sealed with a plug at the factory.
sealing liquid is sealed with a plug; no line is Remove the plug.
connected. Depending on the pressure Mount a feed pipe for the sealing liquid.
conditions, part of the operating liquid can flow Carry this out on both sides (driving side
internally out of the machine interior into the and non-driving side) of the machine.
stuffing box and act as sealing liquid.

In this case the liquid can escape as "seepage ... from model with external liquid feed
liquid". This is discharged via the connection (external sealant supply) to model with
for the discharge pipe of the escaping internal liquid wetting:
sealing liquid (seepage liquid).
Operation without escaping liquid is also This is only permissible when the stuffing box
possible. packings used are suitable for this variant.
Suitable:
Stuffing box packings installed by the
With external liquid feed (external sealant manufacturer with material variant "B" of
supply) the machine (see type designation on the
rating plate).
(Type designation 2BE3...-2..3) OR:
Clean sealing liquid is fed to the stuffing boxes Cotton packings installed by the operator,
externally via the connection for the feed soaked with grease.
pipe of the sealing liquid. Unsuitable:
Part of the sealing liquid flows to the inside into All other types of stuffing box packings.
the working area of the machine. The rest
escapes as "seepage liquid". This is If your stuffing box packings are suitable for
discharged via the connection for the dry running,
discharge pipe of the escaping sealing proceed as follows:
liquid (seepage liquid). Also see Fig. 7, Pg. 45.
The feed pipe for the sealing liquid is
mounted on the connection Rp " (15.06).
The location of the connections for the feed This is located on the center axis of the end
pipe and discharge pipe of the sealing liquid is shield just above the stuffing box gland.
shown in Fig. 23, Pg. 70 and Fig. 7, Pg. 45. Remove the feed pipe for the sealing liquid.
Close the connection with a plug.

WARNING
Danger of environmental damage!
If the sealing liquid is harmful to the
environment, it may not be drained off into the
open. In this case it must be routed in a circuit
with forced circulation.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.8.3 Mechanical seals

Types:
NOTICE
Depending on the design and layout, a
Please also observe distinction is made between the following types
the spare parts lists of the machine, of mechanical seals:
the instructions and catalog specifications
Standard designs:
of the mechanical seal manufacturer,
single-acting mechanical seals
the control and instrumentation plans of the
(individual mechanical seals),
system.
Fig. 8, Pg. 49
Differing or special specifications from the double-acting mechanical seals
documentation of the mechanical seal (double mechanical seal),
manufacturer always have precedence over Fig. 9, Pg. 51
the general information from this nash_elmo
manual! Special designs:
Special mechanical seal designs,
e.g. gas-lubricated mechanical seals

5.8.3.1 General information


Tasks: This manual only covers the standard designs.
Special designs are not described. Please see
The mechanical seal has the following tasks: the manufacturer's manuals for information on
to seal off the shaft gland from the interior these.
of the machine (product side) to the
surrounding area (atmosphere side),
to largely prevent pumped gases/vapors For an overview of which types of mechanical
and operating liquid from escaping. seals are installed in which machine type, see
Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data",
Section "Mechanical seals: Flushing types",
Pg. 30.

Here mechanical seals are installed as shaft


seals on both the driving side and on the non-
driving side.

The mechanical seal are maintenance-free.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

Sealing liquid: Internal sealant supply


(removal from the interior of the machine):
With the standard mechanical seal designs the
sealing surfaces are charged with liquid. Operating principle:
This liquid is the sealing liquid.
Operating liquid from the interior of the
machine is used as sealing liquid (i.e.
During operation the sealing liquid forms a thin
operating liquid already in the process).
liquid film between the sealing surfaces.
It is removed via the connection N4.41 on the
As a result, it fulfills the following tasks:
end shield and routed via a separate line to the
Sealing,
connection for the feed pipe of the sealing
Cooling, liquid on the seal housing.
Lubrication.

CAUTION External sealant supply:


Operating principle:
Running dry of the machine will cause the
mechanical seal to be destroyed within a Fresh liquid is used as sealing liquid.
matter of seconds! This can be fresh operating liquid that is
branched off from the feed pipe of the
DO NOT put into operation as long as the operating liquid, or a different, suitable liquid
sealing space is not filled with sealing liquid, from a separate source.
not even briefly (e.g. to check the rotating It is routed via its respective external line to the
direction)! connection for the feed pipe of the sealing
If necessary, bleed sealing space! liquid on the seal housing.

A sealing liquid suitable for mechanical seal WARNING


(generally water at 15 C [59 F]) must meet
the following conditions: Danger of environmental damage!
It must be clean, may not lead to deposits If the sealing liquid is harmful to the
and may not contain abrasive substances. environment, it may not be drained off into the
It must be thermally suitable (boiling point open. In this case it must be routed in a circuit
at least 10 K [18 F] above operating with forced circulation.
temperature).
It must be matched to the materials used
and the fluids to be used.
Required volumetric flow of the sealing liquid
(with external sealant supply):
The mechanical seal can be flushed with see Chapter 4.2, "Operating conditions",
sealing liquid in two different ways: Section "Sealing liquid", Pg. 33.
Internal sealant supply and external sealant Under different operating conditions, the table
supply. values must be converted as shown in the
example.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.8.3.2 Single-acting mechanical seals (single mechanical seals)

Fig. 8: Mechanical seal, single-acting, with


(a)
internal sealant supply or with external sealant
supply

A Surrounding area (atmospheric side)


B Interior of machine (product side)

1 End shield
2 Seal housing
3 Shaft
4 Rotating sliding ring
5 Fixed sliding ring
6 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid,
either at bottom (as shown) or top
(a)
Internal sealant supply =
removal of the sealing liquid from the interior of
the machine

Single-acting mechanical seals have only one Operating liquid from the interior of the
sliding/sealing surface. machine is always used as sealing liquid (i.e.
The sealing space is only sealed off to the operating liquid already in the process).
outside (to the surrounding area, atmospheric Therefore, this operating liquid must meet the
side, A). above conditions (see Section "Sealing liquid",
Pg. 48).
With single-acting mechanical seals flushing
can be carried out with sealing liquid in two The sealing liquid (6) can be routed into the
different ways: seal housing (2) either from above or below.
Internal sealant supply or external sealant (Fig. 8, Pg. 49 shows an example of the
supply. feeding from below.)

Internal sealant supply2 NOTE


(removal from the interior of the machine):
With internal sealant supply (removal of the
With single-acting mechanical seals with sealing liquid from the interior of the machine
internal sealant supply, the sealing liquid is via the connection N4.41 on the end shield),
routed as follows: feeding from above is recommended.
Feed from outside:
via a separate line from the
connection N4.41 on the end shield to the
connection for the feed pipe of the sealing
liquid (6) on the seal housing
Discharge to inside
no separate outer connection

2
Design with internal sealant supply designed
in accordance with API 681 / API 682 Plan 11.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

External sealant supply3: With single-acting mechanical seals (with


internal sealant supply or with external
With single-acting mechanical seals with
sealant supply) the sealing liquid is always
external sealant supply, the sealing liquid is
drained off to the inside (into the interior) of the
routed as follows:
machine. There it mixes with the operating
Feed from outside: liquid. It is partially pushed out of the machine
via a separate external line to the with the operating liquid and the pumped
connection for the feed pipe of the sealing gases/vapors.
liquid (6) on the seal housing
Discharge to inside
no separate outer connection NOTICE
Fresh liquid is always used as sealing liquid. For the supply with sealing liquid the following
This can be: must be taken into account with single-acting
either fresh operating liquid branched off mechanical seals:
from the feed pipe of the operating liquid, As sealing liquid and operating liquid mix
provided it meets the above conditions inside the machine, the sealing liquid must be
(see Section "Sealing liquid", Pg. 48). compatible with the operating liquid!
or another suitable liquid from a separate
source.
NOTE
The sealing liquid (6) can be routed into the
seal housing (2) either from above or below. You can obtain additional information on the
(Fig. 8, Pg. 49 shows an example of the flushing system from the mechanical seal
feeding from below.) manufacturer.

3
Design with external sealant supply designed
in accordance with API 681 / API 682 Plan 32.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.8.3.3 Double-acting mechanical seals (double mechanical seals),


arrangement "back to back"

Fig. 9: Mechanical seal, double-acting, with


external sealant supply

A Surrounding area (atmospheric side)


B Interior of machine (product side)

1 End shield
2 Seal housing
3 Shaft
4 Rotating sliding rings
5 Fixed sliding rings
6 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid
7 Connection for discharge pipe of sealing liquid

Double-acting mechanical seals have two The operating liquid is never used as the
sliding/sealing surfaces. sealing liquid, but instead always a different,
The sealing space is sealed off to the outside suitable liquid from a separate source.
(to the surrounding area, atmospheric side, A)
and to the inside (to the interior of the The sealing liquid is routed in from below (6).
machine, product side, B). The sealing liquid is routed out upward (7).

With double-acting mechanical seals, flushing


with sealing liquid can only be carried out in The supply with sealing liquid is carried out in
one way: one of the following ways:
External sealant supply. With pressurized circulation of pure liquid
from an external system.4
With an external, pressurized liquid tank
With double-acting mechanical seals the with forced circulation.5
sealing liquid is routed as follows: With a thermosiphon.6
Feed from outside:
via the connection for the feed pipe of the
sealing liquid (6) NOTE
Discharge to outside:
via the connection for the discharge pipe of You can obtain additional information on the
the sealing liquid (7) flushing system from the mechanical seal
manufacturer.

4
In accordance with API 681 / API 682
Plan 54.
5
In accordance with API 681 / API 682
Plan 53.
6
In accordance with API 681 / API 682
Plan 52.

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.8.3.4 Notes

NOTE WARNING
Details on the mechanical seal are contained Danger from flammable, explosive,
in the documentation of the mechanical seal aggressive or toxic substances!
manufacturer.
During operation with dangerous substances
This is included in the "nash_elmo Product (pumped gases/vapors or operating liquids)
Documentation / Erzeugnisdokumentation" mechanical seals are usually used for sealing!
binder provided with the machine in the
documents on the mechanical seal. In this case:
Observe the applicable regulations for
handling dangerous substances!
NOTICE Should the mechanical seals fail, take
additional suitable preventative measures
Differing or special specifications from the to protect persons, the environment and the
documentation of the mechanical seal system!
manufacturer always have precedence over Monitor measures or check regularly!
the general information from this nash_elmo
The design and arrangement of the
manual!
mechanical seals must be suitable for the
fluids used!
CAUTION Inquire with the Service Department or with
the mechanical seal manufacturer!
Running dry of the machine will cause the
mechanical seal to be destroyed within a
matter of seconds!
DO NOT put into operation as long as the
sealing space is not filled with sealing liquid,
not even briefly (e.g. to check the rotating
direction)!
If necessary, bleed sealing space!

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Description of Vacuum Pump/Compressor

5.9 Bearings
The shaft bearings of the machine are
designed as two-row taper roller bearings on
both sides.

The bearing of the driving side absorbs


radial forces.
The bearing of the non-driving side is the
guide bearing (fixed bearing) of the machine. It
absorbs radial and axial forces.

A bearing unit consists of the one-piece outer


race and two inner pieces. The bearing
clearance is adjusted at the factory for the
application conditions with the spacer ring
between the inner parts.

The bearings must be relubricated regularly


(see Chapter 11.2.5, "Lubricating bearings",
Pg. 117).

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Transport and Handling

6 Transport and Handling

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
Have you read the safety precautions in Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8 f.?
Otherwise you may not carry out any work with or on the machine!

WARNING
Danger from tipping or falling loads!
Prior to transport and handling make sure that all components are securely assembled and secure or
remove all components the fasteners of which have been loosened!

Manual handling:

WARNING
Danger from lifting heavy loads!
Manual handling of the unit is only permitted within the following limits:
max. 30 kg [max. 66 lbs] for men
max. 10 kg [max. 22 lbs] for women
max. 5 kg [max. 11 lbs] for pregnant women

For the machine weight, see Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section "Weight", Pg. 25.
For weights above the given values use suitable lifting appliances and handling equipment!

Handling by means of lifting equipment:

WARNING
Danger from tipping or falling loads!
When transporting with lifting equipment, observe the following basic rules:
Only use suitable lifting gear (e.g. belts or ropes/cables) and transport equipment (e.g. forklift
truck, low-lift platform truck, crane).
The lifting capacity of lifting equipment and lifting gear must be at least equal to the machine's
weight.
For the machine weight, see Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section "Weight", Pg. 25.
The machine must be secured so that it cannot tip or fall.
Do not stand or walk under suspended loads!

CAUTION
The machine must never be set down or stored on uneven floors or surfaces!

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Transport and Handling

Transport with a crane and lifting belts, with The lifting belts must be routed (e.g. in
forklift truck or with low-lift platform truck. undercuts) so that the machine cannot slip
out or tip
Secure the lifting belts as shown in Fig. 10, (see Fig. 10, Pg. 55 and Fig. 11, Pg. 55).
Pg. 55 and Fig. 11, Pg. 55.
Observe the following: Make sure that no damage is caused to any
attached fittings.
The lifting belts must be sufficiently long However, the lifting belts may be routed
(spread angle smaller than 90). over attached Y-pipes or separators.
Spreading devices are not required here.
The lifting belts must be protected against
damage (e.g. by rubbing through on
edges). Therefore, use lifting belt with a
rugged edge protection.
The lifting belts must be attached at
suitable attachment points
(see Fig. 10, Pg. 55 and Fig. 11, Pg. 55).
Suitable attachment points are, for
example:
the bearing housing,
the lower inlet/discharge connections,
Openings and lifting pins on base plates.

WARNING
Never secure the lifting belt to the following
points:
Shaft ends,
Attached individual components or fittings, Fig. 10: Lifting machine sets or machines
Attachment points of individual mounted on base plates
components,
as these are only designed for the separate
transport of the individual component.

Fig. 11: Lifting individual machines


Possibilities for attaching and routing the lifting belts
... on machines without accessories
... on machines with attached separators and Y-pipes

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Installation

7 Installation

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
Have you read the safety precautions in Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8 f.?
Otherwise you may not carry out any work with or on the machine!

7.1 Delivery scope 7.2 Connection variants


The normal delivery scope comprises only the Depending on the design and the requirements
machine itself (without additional components of the system, various connections of the
such as fittings, valves, gate valves etc.). machine with additional components are
possible (e.g. with valves, gate valves,
Additional components must be purchased pressure gauge, volume flow meter, liquid
separately or are available on request (see separator).
Chapter 13, "Accessories", S. 130 and
nash_elmo catalogs). For a detailed description of the partial draining
system, see Chapter 7.5.1, "Connection
Information on addition components in the variants of piping and partial draining",
following sections should be understood as Pg. 66 ff.
instructions and/or recommendations for
connecting the machine within your system. See the following examples:

Technical documentation Example 1:


Connection with top-mounted liquid
The delivery scope also includes the technical separator,
documentation of the machine. It is contained Fig. 12, Pg. 57
in the "nash_elmo Product Documentation /
Erzeugnisdokumentation" binder. This Example 2:
contains the following documents as standard: Connection without liquid separator,
Fig. 13, Pg. 57
Operating instructions,
included exploded view and EC
manufacturer's declaration Example 3:
(this document) Connection with top-mounted liquid
separator and self-regulating operating-
Maintenance instructions
liquid circuit,
Dimensional drawing with text sheet
Fig. 14, Pg. 58
Detailed parts list ("Teileliste / Parts List")
Additional instructions: Example 4:
Accessories
Connection with side separator,
etc.
Fig. 15, Pg. 58
(if required)
Manufacturer's documentation for Example 5:
purchased parts: Connection for several machine with shared
Mechanical seal
liquid tank,
Coupling
Fig. 16, Pg. 59
Belt drive
etc.
Example 6:
(if required)
Connection for several machine with raised
Additional documents as agreed liquid tank,
Fig. 17, Pg. 59

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Installation

A20 Vacuum pump/compressor C30 C16 C13 C12 C11 C10


PI
A21 Line for partial draining
A27 Plug for complete draining
A28 Plug for connection of B30
pressure gauges
D30
A41 Shut-off fitting
(for ensuring partial draining) A28
E13 PI FI E14 E11 E10
B30 Liquid separator (installed) A41

A21
C10 Inlet pipe D13 D14 D11 D10
A20 PI FI
C11 Shut-off fitting
C12 Non-return fitting A27
C13 Pressure gauge D51
C16 Y-pipe D56
E30 D50
C30 Discharge pipe (gas)

D10 Feed pipe for operating Fig. 12: Connection with top-mounted liquid separator
liquid The flange connection for partial draining must be connected to the
D11 Shut-off fitting discharge pipe for separated operating liquid (D30) via the line for partial
D13 Pressure gauge draining (A21).
D14 Volume flow meter
With this connection variant automatically actuated shut-off fittings (A41) for
D30 Discharge pipe for ensuring partial draining are required.
separated operating liquid Adjust the shut-off fittings (A41) as follows:
Open at standstill,
D50 Discharge pipe for draining Closed during operation (close after machine is switched on),
and flushing as otherwise liquid and gas constantly escape during operation.
D51 Shut-off fitting
D56 Funnel or sight glass
C16 C13 C12 C11 C10
E10 Feed pipe for sealing liquid PI
(only for design with
external sealant supply)
E11 Shut-off fitting
E13 Pressure gauge
E14 Volume flow meter A28
A20 E13 PI FI E14 E11 E10
E30 Discharge pipe for seepage
C30
liquid of shaft seal
D13 D14 D11 D10
PI FI

A27
D51
D56
E30 D50

Fig. 13: Connection without liquid separator


Partial draining is carried out via the discharge pipe (C30).

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 57 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Installation

A20 Vacuum pump/compressor C30 C16 C13 C12 C11 C10


PI
A21 Line for partial draining
A27 Plug for complete draining
A28 Plug for connection of B30
pressure gauges D31
A41 Shut-off fitting B40 D30
(for ensuring partial draining) A28
E13 PI FI
E14 E11 E10
B30 Liquid separator (installed) A20

B40 Operating-liquid feed tank

C10 Inlet pipe A27


E30
C11 Shut-off fitting D51
C12 Non-return fitting D56
C13 Pressure gauge D10 D50 D10
D21
C16 Y-pipe
TC D26
D20
C30 Discharge pipe (gas)

D10 Feed pipe for operating D22


liquid
Fig. 14: Connection with top-mounted liquid separator and self-
D20 Feed pipe for additional regulating operating-liquid circuit
operating liquid Partial draining is carried out via the feed pipe for operating liquid (D10).
D21 Shut-off fitting Therefore, this line may not contain any valves or shut-off devices.
D22 Bypass valve
D26 Thermostat The overflow of the operating liquid tank and the liquid level in the tank
must be at the same level as the shaft center of the machine.
D30 Discharge pipe for
separated operating liquid
D31 Cooling tower or heat
exchanger

D50 Discharge pipe for draining


and flushing A20
D51 Shut-off fitting
D56 Funnel or sight glass A21

E10 Feed pipe for sealing liquid A41


(only for design with
external sealant supply)
E11 Shut-off fitting Fig. 15: Connection with side separator
E13 Pressure gauge
E14 Volume flow meter Liquid level in separator: max. equal to shaft center.

E30 Discharge pipe for seepage The flange connection for partial draining must be connected to the
liquid of shaft seal separator via the line for partial draining (A21).

With this connection variant automatically actuated shut-off fittings (A41) for
ensuring partial draining are required.
Adjust the shut-off fittings (A41) as follows:
Open at standstill,
Closed during operation (close after machine is switched on),
as otherwise liquid and gas constantly escape during operation.

With self-regulating operating-liquid circuit as in Fig. 14, Pg. 58, partial


draining via the line for partial draining (A21) can be eliminated. The side
discharge connections must then be sealed off.

The supply with operating liquid and with sealing liquid is not shown.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 58 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Installation

A20 Vacuum pump/compressor


B30 B30
A21 Line for partial draining
A41 Shut-off fitting
(for ensuring partial draining) D30 D30
B40
A46 Funnel or sight glass A41
A20 A20
A41
B30 Liquid separator (installed)

B40 Operating-liquid feed tank


A21 A21

D30 Discharge pipe for


separated operating liquid

D40 Discharge pipe for excess Fig. 16: Connection for several machines with shared liquid tank
operating liquid Liquid level in tank: max. equal to shaft center.

The flange connection for partial draining must be connected to the


operating-liquid feed tank (B40) via the line for partial draining (A21).

With this connection variant automatically actuated shut-off fittings (A41) for
ensuring partial draining are required.
Adjust the shut-off fittings (A41) as follows:
Open at standstill,
Closed during operation (close after machine is switched on),
as otherwise liquid and gas constantly escape during operation.

With self-regulating operating-liquid circuit as in Fig. 14, Pg. 58, partial


draining via the line for partial draining (A21) can be eliminated. The side
discharge connections must then be sealed off.

The supply with operating liquid and with sealing liquid is not shown.

B30 B30
D30

B40

A20 A20

A21 A21

D40
A41 A41
A46 A46

Fig. 17: Connection for several machines with raised liquid tank
Liquid level in tank: higher than shaft center.

With this connection variant automatically actuated shut-off fittings (A41) for
ensuring partial draining are required.
Adjust the shut-off fittings (A41) as follows:
Open at standstill,
Closed during operation (close after machine is switched on),
as otherwise liquid and gas constantly escape during operation.

NOTICE:
Partial draining via the feed pipe for operating liquid as in Fig. 14, Pg. 58 is
not possible with this connection.

The supply with operating liquid and with sealing liquid is not shown.

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Installation

7.3 Installation

7.3.1 Installing on base frame


WARNING
The machines and drive elements (drive motor,
Danger of injuries from tilting or falling of gear unit, coupling) can be mounted together
the machine! on one base frame.
The base frame usually has a torsionally rigid
Take the following measures: design.
The machine must be installed on a level
surface. The base frame is mounted on either a
The machine must be anchored to the foundation or a steel structure.
installation surface with the fixing lugs in the
feet.
CAUTION

CAUTION Danger of damage to the machine and the


drive elements!
The machine must never be set down or stored If the base frame is placed on an uneven
on uneven floors or surfaces! foundation or an uneven steel structure, it will
become distorted. It takes on the contour of the
existing surface. It is then no longer possible to
For the space requirement and arrangement of
properly align the machines and drive
the holes for installing and securing the
elements. This can lead to damage.
machine, please see Fig. 1, Pg. 18.

Install the machine as follows:


on level surfaces,
with shaft in horizontal position,
with feet facing downward
(corresponding design IM B3 for drive
motors),
on supports that are parallel to each other
and lie on one plane,
with sufficient distance to walls and other
objects so that the end shields and
bearings are easily accessible for
inspection and maintenance.

The machine must be mounted on either a


base frame or on foundation blocks.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 60 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Installation

Installing on a foundation:
NOTICE
Proceed as follows:
Normal concrete shrinks during hardening
Measure out foundation.
and is therefore not suitable for
When doing so, the inaccuracies of the
underpouring the base frame!
foundation are determined based on a
horizontal plane. Use only foundation concrete!
For this purpose a leveling device, a hose
level, a laser alignment device etc. can be
used. Set foundation concrete and allow to
harden.
Compensate for uneven spots.
When doing so, the determined uneven Secure the base frame with anchor bolts or
spots must be corrected using shims (e.g. stone bolts.
metal plates) so that a level contact surface If the machine and base frame have been
with a maximum permissible tolerance T delivered separately
results. (i.e. the machine was not premounted on
Calculate the value T as follows: the base frame):
Place the machine on the base frame.
T = 0.0005 (L + W)
If the machine does not stand evenly on
T = Flatness tolerance (ISO 1101) all four feet:
L = Total length of base frame Compensate the remaining distance
W = Total width of base frame between the foot and base frame. Use
suitable shims (e.g. metal plates) to do
Values in mm or in inches this. The remaining gap may be a
maximum of 0.5 mm [0.02"].
Screw the machine feet to the base
Mount base frame, frame.
depending on condition on delivery
either separately or with machine mounted.
Grout base frame with foundation concrete.
If necessary, (with base frame in box form)
also pour out base frame with foundation
concrete.
(Observe specifications of base frame
manufacturer.)

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Installation

Installation on a steel structure: 7.3.2 Installing on foundation blocks


Proceed as follows:
Measure out contact surfaces on the steel
1
structure.
When doing so, the inaccuracies of the 2
contact surfaces are determined based on 3
a horizontal plane. 4
For this purpose a leveling device, a hose
5
level, a laser alignment device etc. can be
6
used.
Compensate for uneven spots.
When doing so, the determined uneven
spots must be corrected using shims (e.g.
metal plates) so that a level contact surface
with a maximum permissible tolerance T
results.
Calculate the value T as follows:

T = 0.0005 (L + W) Fig. 18: Installing on foundation blocks

T = Flatness tolerance (ISO 1101) 1 Alignment frame


L = Total length of base frame 2 Machine wedge
W = Total width of base frame 3 Shim of wood or steel
4 Unfinished foundation
Values in mm or in inches 5 Opening
(fill with pieces of cleaning cloth, Styrofoam etc.)
6 Foundation block

Mount base frame,


depending on condition on delivery
either separately or with machine mounted. Foundation blocks are anchors recessed in the
Secure base frame with anchor bolts. concrete foundation. The machine feet will be
mounted on the foundation blocks later. Be
If the machine and base frame have been sure the machine stands on a level surface.
delivered separately For this reason the foundation blocks must be
(i.e. the machine was not premounted on exactly aligned (i.e. the distances and height
the base frame): must be adjusted to the dimensions of the
Place the machine on the base frame. machine feet).

If the machine does not stand evenly on


all four feet:
Compensate the remaining distance
between the foot and base frame. Use
suitable shims (e.g. metal plates) to do
this. The remaining gap may be a
maximum of 0.5 mm [0.02"].
Screw the machine feet to the base
frame.

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Installation

Proceed as follows: Pour out holes in foundation with foundation


concrete.
Provide a foundation with suitably spaced
holes. Set foundation concrete and allow to
For dimensions, see Fig. 1, Pg. 18. harden.
Make alignment frame. In the process the foundation blocks are
This is identical to a base frame for the fixed in the foundation.
machine (same dimensions and same
mounting points for the machine). Remove alignment frame.

Mount the foundation blocks on the Place the machine on the foundation
alignment frame. blocks.
When doing so, the foundation block must If the machine does not stand evenly on all
already be aligned as exactly as possible. four feet:
Place the alignment frame on the Compensate the remaining distance
foundation. between the foot and foundation block. Use
When doing so, guide the foundation block suitable shims (e.g. metal plates) to do this.
into the holes in the foundation. The remaining gap may be a maximum of
0.5 mm [0.02"].
Measure later contact surface.
When doing so, the inaccuracies of the later Screw the machine feet to the foundation
contact surface are determined based on a blocks.
horizontal plane. Proceed in the same manner for the drive
For this purpose a leveling device, a hose elements (drive motor, gear unit, coupling).
level, a laser alignment device etc. can be
used.
Compensate for uneven spots. CAUTION
When doing so, the determined uneven
spots must be corrected using shims (e.g. Danger of damage to the machine and the
metal plates) so that a level contact surface drive elements!
with a maximum permissible tolerance T If the heights of the foundation blocks cannot
results. be exactly equalized, the machine and drive
Calculate the value T as follows: elements can twist. This can lead to damage.

T = 0.0005 (L + W)

T = Flatness tolerance (ISO 1101)


L = Spacing of foot holes in longitudinal
direction
W = Spacing of foot holes in lateral
direction

Values in mm or in inches

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Installation

7.4 Drive (drive motor, gear unit, coupling)

Drive type: Drive elements:


The required type of drive is dependent from For the drive elements the following applies:
the speed with which the machine is to be run. They must be well balanced.
This means the selected drive must reach the They may only be mounted and removed
required speed. with suitable devices.
To prevent damage (warping of the
At high speeds: housing, rough running of and damage to
directly connected drive motors the bearings),
with the required speed range. the machines and drive elements must be
carefully aligned.
At low speeds: See Chapter 7.3, "Installation", Pg. 60.
gear unit
(toothed gear unit or V-belt gear unit)
with the necessary gear ratio, Couplings:
controllable drives.
The coupling must be carefully aligned to
prevent coupling damage and rough running.
Speed:
For the speed range of the machine, see Belt gear units:
Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data",
For drive via a belt gear unit:
Section "Speeds", Pg. 26.
Install the drive motor on the discharge side if
possible. (Advantage: lower bearing load
compared to installation of drive motor on inlet
Output:
side.)
For the required drive output, see Chapter 4.1,
"Mechanical data", Section "Output", Pg. 26. Make sure that the grease nipple remains
accessible. If necessary, mount a suitable pipe
(grease line) on the grease nipple. This
enables grease to be fed to the grease nipple
even over a certain distance.

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Installation

Shaft bearings:
WARNING
The bearing of the non-driving side is the
guide bearing of the machine. It absorbs radial Danger from rotating parts
and axial forces. (exposed shaft ends, drive [drive motor,
The bearing of the driving side absorbs gear unit, coupling]):
radial forces.
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns),
Bearing load, axial: crushing of extremities,
grasping/winding up of hair and clothing!
The guide bearing of the machine is designed
to absorb normal axial forces from operation For the attachment of the drive (drive motor,
with elastic couplings. gear unit, coupling) and the exposed shaft end,
Higher axial forces (e.g. due to twisting with the following applies:
rigid couplings and additional heat expansion Rotating parts must be protected against
etc.) result in damage to the guide bearing. touching.
Provide safety device (e.g. cover).
Bearing load, radial For the machine design with a second shaft
(belt pretension): end:
Particularly with a drive via a belt gear unit, Mount provided protective hood for the second
high radial forces can act on the shaft end. The shaft end.
radial forces and the length of the shaft end
form a lever arm. To keep this as low as
possible, the belt pulley must be mounted as
close as possible to the machine bearing. This
reduces bearing load and shaft deflection.

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Installation

7.5 Connection:general information


7.5.1 Connection variants of piping and partial draining

The design of the machine with two inlet


connections and two discharge connection in CAUTION
each end shield enables the operator to
connect the inlet pipe and the discharge pipe Danger of damage to shaft!
of the system depending on the space If too much liquid is located in the machine
requirement as follows: interior, the pressure on the shaft is too high so
top (on top connection), that damage can occur during start-up.
bottom (on bottom connection). During start-up the operating liquid level in the
working space of the machine may not be
This results in different variants for the higher than the shaft center!
connection of the pipes. See the following
examples:
Discharge connection at bottom, For this reason excess operating liquid must
inlet connection at top be able to flow off or must be drained off
Fig. 19, Pg. 67. (partial draining). This takes place via the
Discharge connection at bottom, bottom discharge connection, which is
inlet connection at bottom simultaneously used as an overflow for excess
Fig. 20, Pg. 67. operating liquid.
Discharge connection at top,
inlet connection at top This can take place in two different ways:
Fig. 21, Pg. 67. via the bottom discharge connection, which
Discharge connection at top, is simultaneously used as an overflow for
inlet connection at bottom excess operating liquid
Fig. 22, Pg. 67. (See following pages.)
via the feed pipe of the operating liquid with
a self-regulating operating-liquid circuit
The desired connection variant for the inlet (See Fig. 14, Pg. 58.)
pipe and discharge pipe is specified when
ordering. The measures the operator must take are in
The flanges required for the connection are turn dependent on the connection variant of
open on delivery. the piping:
The flanges not required are closed on delivery
with blind flanges.

Later conversion is possible by switching the


blind flanges.

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Installation

Discharge connection at bottom


(discharge pipe directed downward):
(Fig. 19, Pg. 67 and Fig. 20, Pg. 67)

Excess operating liquid can drain off via the


discharge pipe.

Required measures:
None.

Fig. 19: Discharge connection at bottom, inlet


connection at top

Fig. 20: Discharge connection at bottom, inlet


connection at bottom

Discharge connection at top


(discharge pipe directed upward):
(Fig. 21, Pg. 67 and Fig. 22, Pg. 67)

Draining of excess operating liquid via the


discharge pipe is not possible.

Required measures:
Provide possibility for draining off of operating
liquid.

Fig. 21: Discharge connection at top, inlet


connection at top

Fig. 22: Discharge connection at top, inlet


connection at bottom

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Installation

NOTE
When ordering from the factory with the
discharge connection at the top a possibility
for draining off of the operating liquid is already
integrated if necessary (model "F68"):
The bottom discharge connection not required
is provided with a blind flange with a passage
hole to which a so-called welding neck flange
(flange connection for partial draining) is
connected.
Weld on the discharge pipe for the operating
liquid here.

For the required procedure, see Chapter 7.6.2,


"Discharge connection", Section "Welding neck
flange for partial draining", Pg. 72.

IMPORTANT: Draining off of the excess


operating liquid must be completed before the
machine is started up.
To be able check this better, the selected
draining device should be clearly visible, e.g.
with a sight glass or a funnel (Fig. 17, Pg. 59,
A46).
Also see Chapter 7.6.2, "Discharge connection",
Sections "Sight glass" and "Funnel", Pg. 73.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 68 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Installation

7.5.2 Requirements for pipes and pipe connections

Observe the following when connecting the Mount the pipes free of mechanical tension.
pipes: Forces and torques attaching the flanges
may not exceed the specified limits
The materials, dimensions and properties of (see Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data",
the pipes, fittings, connection elements and Section "Forces and torques on flanges",
seals must be matched to the conditions of Pg. 28).
the system or the process, and in particular If necessary, (e.g. with long pipes), provide
to: supports or, if necessary, expansion joints
Temperatures (see below).
Pressures,
Types and properties of the fluids. When installing the machine and drive
If in doubt, please contact our Service elements (drive motor, gear unit, coupling)
Department for assistance. on vibration dampers, all pipe connections
must be designed to be movable,
The pipes must be as short as possible. i.e. must be provided with expansion joints
Their cross-section must be at least equal (see below).
to the cross-section of the connections on
the machine.
With long pipes and simultaneous high flow NOTE
speeds, the pipe cross-sections must be
Expansion joints are flexible pipe and hose
larger
pieces of fibrous material.
(generally by one nominal diameter step).
They are mounted between the connections of
If possible, do not use pipe bends in which the machine and the pipe.
liquid can collect.
They are used to absorb forces, torques and
Arrange the lines with a downhill slope if
vibrations.
possible so that liquid can drain off.

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Installation

7.6 Connecting pipes/hoses (vacuum pump/compressor)


The machine has the following connections:

1 2

10

11

3 4

5
12

6 7

8 9

Fig. 23: Pipe/hose connections of vacuum pump / of compressor (side view: end shield)

1 Discharge connection, top (N2.01) 6 Unused connection,


2 Inlet connection, top (N1.0) closed with blind flange
3 Discharge connection, bottom (N2.0), 7 Connection for operating-liquid feed pipe
here: closed with blind flange (operating-liquid port) (N3.0)
Provide with welding neck flange (flange 8 Connection for complete draining (N4.6),
connection for partial draining) if necessary sealed with plug
(only when ordering from factory with top 9 Connection for draining and flushing (N4.2)
discharge connection, model "F68") 10 Connection for pressure gauge (N8.7),
4 Inlet connection, bottom (N1.01), sealed with plug
here: closed with blind flange 11 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid (N3.2)
5 Inspection cover (on model with external sealant supply)
12 Connection for discharge pipe of exiting sealing
liquid (seepage liquid) (N4.3)

NOTICE
When connecting the pipes, observe the specifications in Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data",
Section "Tightening torques for screw connections", Pg. 27,
Section "Forces and torques on flanges", Pg. 28.

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Installation

7.6.1 Inlet connection The bottom discharge connections


simultaneously serve as an overflow for excess
The inlet connections are located at the top
operating liquid.
and bottom (on the side) on the end shields
Here the following variants must be
and are marked with an arrow into the
distinguished:
machine.
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 2 and 4)
Bottom discharge connection:
Connect the inlet pipes to the open inlet The discharge pipe is connected to the bottom
connections. discharge connection.
Excess operating liquid can drain off via the
Procedure: discharge pipe.
This means the discharge pipe simultaneously
The connections of the machine are serves as a discharge pipe for the operating
designed as flanges. liquid.
Flange on pipe.
Required measures:
None.
7.6.2 Discharge connection
The discharge connections are located at the
top and bottom (on the side) on the end shields Top discharge connection:
and are marked with an arrow out of the The discharge pipe is connected to the top
machine. discharge connection.
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 1 and 3) Draining of excess operating liquid via the
discharge pipe is not possible.
Connect the discharge pipes to the open
discharge connections. Required measures:
Connect a discharge pipe for the operating
Procedure: liquid to the bottom discharge connection.7
The connections of the machine are
designed as flanges. One way to do this is with the welding neck
Flange on pipe. flange for partial draining offered by
nash_elmo.

7
Exception:
Connection with self-regulating operating-liquid
circuit.
In this case no overflow is required on the
discharge connection.
Required measures: None.

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Installation

Welding neck flange for partial draining:


When ordering from the factory with the
discharge connection at the top a possibility 48.04
for draining off of the operating liquid is already
integrated if necessary (model "F68"):
48.02
The bottom discharge connection not required
on the non-driving side is provided with a blind
flange with a passage hole to which a welding N4.21
neck flange (flange connection for partial
draining) is connected.
Weld on the discharge pipe for the operating N2.0
liquid here. 48.05

Procedure:
See Fig. 24, Pg. 72. 48.01
The welding neck flange (48.02) (flange 48.03 /
DIN 2633-C50x60.3) is screwed onto the 48.06
blind flange (48.01).
Remove hexagon nuts (48.04) from welding
neck flange (48.02). Fig. 24: Welding neck flange for partial draining
Pull welding neck flange (48.02) off
48.01 Blind flange for partial draining
hexagon bolts (48.03) to remove it from
(with through hole)
blind flange (48.01). 48.02 Welding neck flange
Lay aside existing gasket (48.05). It is still 48.03 Hexagon bolt
required. 48.04 Hexagon nut
Select steel pipe as discharge pipe for 48.05 Gasket
operating liquid which is suitable for this 48.06 Sealing and locking compound
connection,
i.e. suitable diameter, suitable material N2.0 Connection for blind flange on bottom
discharge connection
(steel type),
N4.21 Connection for welding neck flange for
e.g. DIN 2448-60.3x2.9. partial draining
Weld pipe onto welding neck flange (48.02).
Screw welding neck flange (48.02) (with
welded-on pipe) together with gasket
(48.05) onto blind flange (48.01) again.

CAUTION
Danger of slipping and falling due to
escaping liquid!
With design with welding neck flange for partial
draining on bottom discharge connection:
Provide pipe and, if necessary, catch container
for excess operating liquid.

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Installation

IMPORTANT: Draining off of the excess


operating liquid must be completed before the
machine is started up.
To be able check this better, the selected
draining device should be clearly visible, e.g.
with a sight glass (Fig. 25, Pg. 73) or a funnel
(Fig. 26, Pg. 73).

1
2

Fig. 25: Sight glass (connection for partial Fig. 26: Funnel (connection for partial draining)
draining)
1 Pipe section 1 Welding neck flange
2 Plexiglas insert 2 Pipe section
3 Funnel

Sight glass: Funnel:


This can be a pipe section of Plexiglas or a In this case the pipe section on the welding
pipe section with a Plexiglas insert etc. neck flange is open at the end. A funnel is
It is connected between the welding neck positioned below it via which the excess
flange and the discharge pipe for the operating operating liquid is caught and drained off.
liquid.

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Installation

7.6.3 Operating-liquid port

The operating-liquid port is in the lower area of Monitoring operating liquid


the end shields.
(See Fig. 12, S. 57, Fig. 13, Pg. 57, Fig. 14,
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 7)
Pg. 58.)
For this purpose we recommend installing the
Connect the feed pipe for the operating liquid
following additional components:
here.

Procedure: Volume flow meter (dependent on direction


of flow) (D14)
For design as per DIN (all except "F62"): OR
Provide a suitable flange for the pipe. pressure gauge (D13)
Remove closure from operating-liquid port.
Shut-off fitting (D11)
Mount pipe on operating-liquid port via
flange. In the automatic mode a solenoid valve
(dependent on the motor current) is
For design as per ANSI ("F62"): required in addition to the shut-off fitting
A welding neck flange is screwed onto the (D11).
operating-liquid port. During interruptions in operation, the
Screw off welding neck flange. solenoid valve then closes, while the setting
Weld pipe onto welding neck flange . of the shut-off fitting (D11) (i.e. the valve
Screw welding neck flange with pipe onto position or the opened valve cross-section)
operating-liquid port again. is not changed.

The operating liquid is drained off via the


discharge connection.
See Chapter 7.6.2, "Discharge connection",
Pg. 71.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 74 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Installation

7.6.4 Sealing liquid connection


With stuffing boxes

Fig. 27: Stuffing box


15.03 15.02 15.03 15.06 / 15.07

15.01
15.01 Stuffing box gland
15.02 Sealing-water distribution ring
15.03 Stuffing box packing
15.04 Hexagon bolt for adjustment
15.05 Washer
15.06 Plug on connection for feed pipe of sealing
liquid
15.07 Thread sealing compound
22.01 Shaft bushing
40.01 End shield

(1) Pull-off thread,


located in sealing-water distribution ring
on atmospheric side

15.04

15.05
22.01 40.01 (1)

The connection for the feed pipe of the sealing The connection for the discharge pipe of the
liquid is located on the center axis of the end escaping sealing liquid (seepage liquid) is
shields just above the stuffing box gland. located on the end shields below the stuffing
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 11) box.
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 12;
Fig. 27, Pg. 75, Item 15.06)

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Installation

Carry out the connection as follows: Monitoring sealing liquid


... on model with internal liquid wetting:
On model with internal liquid wetting:
Not possible.
Make sure that the connection for the feed
pipe of the sealing liquid is sealed with a
... on model with external liquid feed
plug
(external sealant supply):
(Fig. 27, Pg. 75, Item 15.06).
(See Fig. 12, S. 57, Fig. 13, Pg. 57, Fig. 14,
Mount the discharge pipe of the escaping Pg. 58.)
sealing liquid (seepage liquid) on the In this case we recommend installing the
connection provided following components in each feed pipe for
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 12). sealing liquid:
On model with external liquid feed (external
Volume flow meter (dependent on direction
sealant supply):
of flow) (E14)
If present, remove the plug from the OR
connection for the feed pipe of the sealing pressure gauge (E13)
liquid
(Fig. 27, Pg. 75, Item 15.06). Shut-off fitting (E11)
Mount the feed pipe of the sealing liquid on
In the automatic mode a solenoid valve
the connection provided
(dependent on the motor current) is
(Fig. 27, Pg. 75, Item 15.06).
required in addition to the shut-off fitting
Mount the discharge pipe of the escaping (E11).
sealing liquid (seepage liquid) on the During interruptions in operation, the
connection provided solenoid valve then closes, while the setting
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 12). of the shut-off fitting (E11) (i.e. the valve
position or the opened valve cross-section)
is not changed.

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Installation

With mechanical seals

Fig. 28: Connection of pipes/hoses:


Mechanical seal, single-acting, with internal
(a)
sealant supply or with external sealant supply

A Surrounding area (atmospheric side)


B Interior of machine (product side)

1 End shield
2 Seal housing
3 Shaft

6 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid,


either at bottom (as shown) or top
(a)
Internal sealant supply =
removal of the sealing liquid from the interior of
the machine

Fig. 29: Connection of pipes/hoses:


Mechanical seal, double-acting, with external
sealant supply

A Surrounding area (atmospheric side)


B Interior of machine (product side)

1 End shield
2 Seal housing
3 Shaft

6 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid


7 Connection for discharge pipe of sealing liquid

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 77 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Installation

Carry out the connection as follows: Monitoring sealing liquid


... on model with internal sealant supply:
With mechanical seal, single-acting, with
Not possible.
internal sealant supply:
(Fig. 28, Pg. 77)
... on model with external sealant supply:
With this variant the sealing liquid is taken In this case we recommend installing the
from the operating liquid ring in the interior following components in each feed pipe for
of the machine. sealing liquid:
To do this, connect the connection N4.41
Volume flow meter (dependent on direction
on the end shield (see Fig. 1, Pg. 18) to the
of flow) (E14)
corresponding connection (6) on the seal
OR
housing via the feed pipe of the sealing
pressure gauge (E13)
liquid.
In this case it is recommended that the Shut-off fitting (E11)
upper connection (6) be used.
In the automatic mode a solenoid valve
With mechanical seal, single-acting, with (dependent on the motor current) is
external sealant supply: required in addition to the shut-off fitting
(Fig. 28, Pg. 77) (E11).
During interruptions in operation, the
With this variant the sealing liquid is either
solenoid valve then closes, while the setting
taken from the feed pipe of the fresh
of the shut-off fitting (E11) (i.e. the valve
operating liquid or from another, separate
position or the opened valve cross-section)
source.
is not changed.
To do this, connect the feed pipe of the
sealing liquid to the corresponding
connection (6) on the seal housing.
In this case either the upper or the lower
connection (6) can be used.
With mechanical seal, double-acting,
with external sealant supply:
(Fig. 29, Pg. 77)
Connect the feed pipe of the sealing liquid
to the lower connection (6) on the seal
housing.
Connect the discharge pipe of the sealing
liquid to the upper connection (7) on the
seal housing.

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Installation

7.6.5 Connection for draining and flushing

The connection for draining and flushing is For design as per ANSI ("F62"):
located in the center at the lowest point of the A welding neck flange is screwed onto the
end shield. connection for draining and flushing.
(Fig. 23, Pg. 70, Item 9) Screw off welding neck flange.
Weld pipe onto welding neck flange .
Connect the drain pipe to the valve for draining Screw welding neck flange with pipe onto
and flushing the machine here. connection for draining and flushing again.

Procedure:
For design as per DIN (all except "F62"):
Provide a suitable flange for the pipe.
CAUTION
Remove closure from connection for Danger of slipping and falling due to
draining and flushing. escaping liquid!
Mount pipe to connection for draining and
flushing via flange. Provide pipe and, if necessary, catch container
for drained operating liquid.

To be able check draining and flushing better,


the selected draining device should be clearly
visible, e.g. with a sight glass (Fig. 30, Pg. 79)
or a funnel (Fig. 31, Pg. 79).

2 2 1

Fig. 30: Sight glass (connection for draining and Fig. 31: Funnel (connection for draining and
flushing) flushing)
1 Pipe section 1 Welding neck flange
2 Plexiglas insert 2 Pipe section
3 Funnel

Sight glass: Funnel:


This can be a pipe section of Plexiglas or a The pipe section on the welding neck flange is
pipe section with a Plexiglas insert etc. open at the end. A funnel is positioned below it
It is connected between the welding neck via which the drained operating liquid is caught
flange and the discharge pipe for draining and and drained off.
flushing.

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Installation

7.6.6 Notes

Backflow of fluids: In these cases the following measures must be


taken:
If a backflow of the pumped gases/vapors and
Provide all connections for draining with
operating liquid out of the machine is to be
shut-off fittings.
prevented during interruptions in operation, a
non-return fitting with the lowest possible Provide a closed system for discharging the
flow resistance must be installed in the inlet pumped gases/vapors and/or the operating
pipe (Fig. 12, Pg. 57, Fig. 13, Pg. 57, Fig. 14, liquid.
Pg. 58, C12).
High pressures:
Soiled fluids: If system malfunctions can lead to
If the pumped gases/vapors, the operating impermissibly high pressures in the machine
liquid or the sealing liquid can contain solid (for limits, see Chapter 4.2, "Operating
materials (e.g. sand) or other dirt, conditions", Section "Pumped gases/vapors",
provide suitable sieves or filters in the feed Pg. 31), the machine can be damaged.
pipes. In this case suitable measures must be taken
on the system to protect the machine,
e.g. a pressure-dependent shut-off fitting and
Hot or dangerous fluids: switching off of the machine.

Special attention must be paid to the following


cases:
Machines that transport hot gases/vapors at
over 60 C (140 F),
Machines operated with dangerous
(flammable, aggressive, toxic)
gases/vapors, operating liquids or sealing
liquids,
Machines that must be drained at
temperatures over 60 C (140 F).

7.7 Accessories

The following accessories are available for the


machine:

Liquid separator
Y-pipe

See Chapter 13, "Accessories", Pg. 130.

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Installation

7.8 Final measures

After installation is completed, the following Drive motor:


measures must be carried out: Make sure that the drive motor is properly
selected and connected
Machine and drive elements: (correct output, speed, rotating direction).
Make sure that machine and drive elements
(drive motor, gear unit, coupling) are
properly aligned and mounted. CAUTION
Danger of damage to shaft seals!
Impeller:
Make sure that the machine impeller can be The rotating direction for the interconnected
rotated without scraping against the machine and drive motor may only be checked
housing. under the following conditions:
The operating liquid level in the machine
Bearings: housing must be properly adjusted.
Make sure that the machine bearings are With stuffing boxes with external liquid feed
sufficiently lubricated. (external sealant supply) or with mechanical
seals with external sealant supply:
Lubricating bearings: The sealing liquid valves must be opened
If the time from delivery to commissioning briefly.
exceeds the following periods, the shaft
bearings must be relubricated: See Chapter 8.1, "Preparations for
Under favorable conditions
commissioning", Pg. 85.
(storage in dry, dust and vibration-free
rooms):
Gear units:
4 years
Make sure that the gear units are properly
Under unfavorable conditions
adjusted depending on the type and are
(e.g. high humidity, salty air, sandy or
mounted free of axially thrust (e.g. belt
dusty air):
pretension with belt drive, radial and axial
2 years
alignment of couplings).
See Chapter 11.2.5, "Lubricating bearings",
Pg. 117.
Mounting and connection elements:
Make sure that all mounting and connection
elements are firmly tightened.

Rotating parts:
Make sure that rotating parts are properly
protected against touching (e.g. with
covers, safety distances as per EN 294).

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Installation

Pipes:
Thoroughly clean all pipes (especially on WARNING
inlet side),
as no foreign bodies (e.g. welding beads, Improper operation can lead to
scale, flaked-off rust) may get into the malfunctions!
machine. Malfunction can result in serious damage
and injuries!
Pipes and fittings:
Make sure that the pipes and fittings are Depending on the connection variant and
properly arranged in accordance with the system conditions, it may be necessary to add
system installation diagram, are mounted to the above list of final measures!
free of mechanical tension and have been Observe instructions for additional components
pressure-tested. and for the entire system!

Liquid separator:
Make sure that any installed liquid
separator has the proper installation height
and the specified fittings.

Heat exchangers:
Make sure that any installed heat
exchangers have been bled.

Booster pumps:
Make sure that any installed booster pumps
are ready for operation.

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Commissioning

8 Commissioning

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
Have you read the safety precautions in Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8 f.?
Otherwise you may not carry out any work with or on the machine!

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Commissioning and operation should only be carried out under the following conditions:
In the completely mounted state.

In particular:
With connected lines on inlet and discharge connections.
Keep unused connections closed with blind flanges.
With closed inspection covers on the end shields.
With mounted lines and fittings on the connections in the end shield.
Keep unused connections closed with the sealing devices provided (plugs, covers).

DANGER
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
Impermissibly high pressures lead to bursting of parts, abrupt escaping of fluids (skin and eye
injuries), and sudden drawing in of hair and clothing!
Extreme danger!
The machine may not be operated with a blocked inlet or discharge side!
Before putting into operation, ensure the following:
The closures of the inlet and discharge connections used must be removed.
All pipes must be connected.
The shut-off device (e.g. valves, gate valves etc.) in the lines must be open.
The connections and lines may not be or become clogged with deposits or solid materials.
When feeding fluids containing solid materials, suitable screens or filters must be connected
upstream of the machine.

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Commissioning

C30 C16 C13 C12 C11 C10


PI

B30

D30

A28
E13 PI FI E14 E11 E10
A41

A21
D13 D14 D11 D10
A20 PI FI

A27
D51
D56
E30 D50

Fig. 32: Connection with top-mounted liquid separator


The flange connection for partial draining must be connected to the
discharge pipe for separated operating liquid (D30) via the line for partial
draining (A21).

With this connection variant automatically actuated shut-off fittings (A41)


for ensuring partial draining are required.
Adjust the shut-off fittings (A41) as follows:
Open at standstill,
Closed during operation (close after machine is switched on),
as otherwise liquid and gas constantly escape during operation.

A20 Vacuum pump/compressor D10 Feed pipe for operating E10 Feed pipe for sealing liquid (only
A21 Line for partial draining liquid for design with external sealant
A27 Plug for complete draining D11 Shut-off fitting supply)
A28 Plug for connection of D13 Pressure gauge E11 Shut-off fitting
pressure gauges D14 Volume flow meter E13 Pressure gauge
A41 Shut-off fitting E14 Volume flow meter
(for ensuring partial draining) D30 Discharge pipe for
separated operating liquid E30 Discharge pipe for seepage
B30 Liquid separator (installed) liquid of shaft seal
D50 Discharge pipe for draining
C10 Inlet pipe and flushing
C11 Shut-off fitting D51 Shut-off fitting
C12 Non-return fitting D56 Funnel or sight glass
C13 Pressure gauge
C16 Y-pipe

C30 Discharge pipe (gas)

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Commissioning

The machine in the connection as per Fig. 32, Pg. 84 is commissioned as follows:

8.1 Preparations for commissioning

This section applies when the machine is Shaft seal:


drained or dry (i.e. during commissioning or
restarting after longer breaks in operation or With stuffing box with internal liquid
repairs). wetting:
Measures for commissioning new
Proceed as follows: machines:
Prior to delivery a test run is conducted
Initial technical status:
with each machine at the factory. During
All lines for pumped gases/vapors are
this the stuffing boxes are adjusted.
correctly connected.
During commissioning: Tighten stuffing
All shut-off fittings are closed.
box packings. To do this, tighten each
No shut-off or non-return fittings are to be
stuffing box gland by one screw rotation.
installed on the discharge side.
Measures for restarting machines that
Pour in operating liquid and adjust
were already operated:
operating liquid level:
Adjust stuffing boxes
Open shut-off fitting for operating liquid as described in Chapter 11.2.4.1,
(D11). Depending on machine size, this "Adjusting stuffing boxes", Pg. 108.
must take place approx. 5 to 15 minutes
With stuffing box with external liquid
before start-up.
feed (external sealant supply):
Working area of machine fills up to
Open shut-off fitting for sealing liquid
overflow level on discharge connection
(E11) to moisten the stuffing box
or on welding neck flange (flange
packings.
connection for partial draining) on
discharge side.
CAUTION
IMPORTANT:
During start-up the operating liquid level At a feed pressure of > 0.3 bar [> 4.35 psi]
in the working space of the machine above discharge pressure, liquid spray can
may not be higher than the shaft center! escape.
With connection variants that differ from Danger of damage to machine by escaping
the one described here, suitable liquid spray!
measures must be taken to ensure this.
The feed pressure of the sealing liquid may not
exceed 0.3 mbar [4.35 psi] above the
discharge pressure!

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Commissioning

With mechanical seal, single-acting,


with internal sealant supply CAUTION
(removal of the sealing liquid from
the interior of the machine): Running dry of the machine will cause the
mechanical seal to be destroyed within a
Make sure that the interior of the matter of seconds!
machine is filled approximately up to the
shaft center with operating liquid, DO NOT put into operation as long as the
i.e. before the machine is actually sealing space is not filled with sealing liquid,
started up. not even briefly (e.g. to check the rotating
direction)!
This prevents
the mechanical seal from running dry. If necessary, bleed sealing space!

With mechanical seal, single-acting,


with external sealant supply: CAUTION
Open shut-off fitting for sealing liquid, An incorrect feed pressure of the sealing
i.e. shortly before the machine is liquid can lead to faults and damage!
actually started up.
If the feed pressure is too low:
This prevents both the mechanical seal
Sealing off is insufficient so that fluids can
from running dry and
enter into the sealing space and into the
the liquid level in the machine from
surrounding area.
becoming too high.
The mechanical seal may be damaged.
With mechanical seal, double-acting, If the feed pressure is too high:
with external sealant supply:
Wearing of the mechanical seal is extreme.
Open shut-off fitting for sealing liquid,
i.e. before the machine is actually Make sure that the feed pressure of the sealing
started up. liquid is always properly adjusted!
This prevents
the mechanical seal from running dry.
Adjust volumetric flow or feed pressure
of sealing liquid.
For information on the volumetric flow or
feed pressure of the sealing liquid, see
Chapter 4.2, "Operating conditions",
Section "Sealing liquid", Pg. 33.
In the process, check the values using
the volume flow meter or the pressure
gauge.

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Commissioning

8.2 Start-up

Method with pressure measurement:


CAUTION This should be carried out in the start-up
state, i.e. when the pressures on the
Danger of damage to shaft! inlet connection and discharge
If too much liquid is located in the machine connection are still approximately equal.
interior, the pressure on the shaft is too high so Adjust shut-off fitting for operating liquid
that damage can occur during start-up. (D11) so that pressure gauge (D13)
During start-up the operating liquid level in the indicates approx. 1.0 bar abs. (= 0 bar
working space of the machine may not be gauge pressure) [14.5 psia (= 0 psi
higher than the shaft center! gauge pressure)] in start-up state.
When the final inlet pressure in
Take the following measures: operation is reached, a different value
The adjustment of the operating liquid level can result on the pressure gauge
in the working space of the machine must (approx. 0.2 to +0.1 bar gauge
be carried out or repeated directly prior to pressure [approx. 2.9 to +1.45 psi
start-up. gauge pressure]). This is dependent on
Make sure that no major additional the internal operating liquid connection.
quantities of liquid (operating liquid or
Shaft seal:
sealing liquid) collect in the working space
of the machine between the preparations With stuffing box with internal liquid
for commissioning and start-up! wetting:
No special measures required.
Proceed as follows: With stuffing box with external liquid
Open shut-off fitting in inlet pipe (C11). feed (external sealant supply):

With mechanical seal with external sealant Adjust stuffing boxes


supply: as described in Chapter 11.2.4.1,
Open shut-off fitting for sealing liquid (E11). "Adjusting stuffing boxes", Pg. 108.

Switch on drive motor. Adjust volumetric flow and feed pressure


of sealing liquid.
Adjust shut-off fitting for operating liquid For volumetric flow and feed pressure of
(D11) as follows: sealing liquid, see Chapter 4.2,
"Operating conditions", Section "Sealing
Method with volume flow
liquid", Pg. 33.
measurement:
Open shut-off fitting for operating liquid Leakage:
(D11) wide enough that volume flow
meter (D14) indicates required Leakage can occur at the stuffing
volumetric flow. boxes, i.e. liquid escapes.
Volumetric flow of operating liquid: see This is dependent on the operating
Chapter 4.2, "Operating conditions", conditions.
Section "Operating liquid", Pg. 31. The leakage is normal when only a few
Correct volumetric flow of operating drops escape (maximum of 1 to 2 drops
liquid again when final inlet pressure is of liquid per second).
reached. However, the leakage is too great when
water sprays out. This can cause
bearing damage. In this case the stuffing
boxes must be adjusted.

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Commissioning

NOTE: With mechanical seal, double-acting,


With stuffing boxes with external with external sealant supply:
liquid feed (external sealant supply)
Leakage:
the leakage is generally greater than
Make sure that no impermissible
with stuffing boxes with internal liquid
quantities of liquid escape. Minimal
wetting.
leakage quantities at the sealing points
With stuffing boxes with internal
are normal depending on the operating
liquid wetting the stuffing box packings
conditions.
can run dry. They then have no or only
minimal leakage. Observe operation, at first at short and later
See Chapter 11.2.4.1, "Adjusting stuffing at longer intervals:
boxes", Pg. 108. Following commissioning, read off and
With mechanical seal, single-acting, log set volumetric flows and pressures.
with internal sealant supply Monitor and log temperatures of fluids
(removal of the sealing liquid from (operating liquid, sealing liquid) until
the interior of the machine): equilibrium point is reached.
No measures required. Using measuring results, determine
With mechanical seal, single-acting, whether volumetric flow and feed
with external sealant supply: pressure of fluids (operating liquid,
sealing liquid) are correct or must be
Adjust volumetric flow or feed pressure corrected.
of sealing liquid.
For information on the volumetric flow or Conduct follow-up checks of above
feed pressure of the sealing liquid, see values at regular intervals.
Chapter 4.2, "Operating conditions", The intervals are based on the operating
Section "Sealing liquid", Pg.. 33. conditions and the local conditions.
In the process, check the values using
the volume flow meter or the pressure
gauge. WARNING
Malfunction can result in serious damage
CAUTION and injuries!
Conspicuous irregularities that indicate
An incorrect feed pressure of the sealing malfunctions may be:
liquid can lead to faults and damage! Higher power consumption, temperatures,
If the feed pressure is too low: pressures or vibrations, unusual noises or
odors, actuation of monitoring devices etc.
Sealing off is insufficient so that fluids can
enter into the sealing space and into the In such cases:
surrounding area. If in doubt, shut off the operating
The mechanical seal may be damaged. materials concerned immediately!
If the feed pressure is too high: Determine cause immediately and
Wearing of the mechanical seal is extreme. eliminate!
Also see Chapter 11.3,
Make sure that the feed pressure of the sealing "Repairs/troubleshooting", Pg. 122.
liquid is always properly adjusted!

Leakage:
Make sure that no impermissible
quantities of liquid escape. Minimal
leakage quantities at the sealing points
are normal depending on the operating
conditions.

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Commissioning

8.3 Shut-down

Proceed as follows: With mechanical seal, double-acting,


with external sealant supply:
Close shut-off fitting for operating liquid
(D11). Close shut-off fitting for sealing liquid,
Then switch off drive motor immediately. i.e. not until after the machine has been
switched off.
Shaft seals:
Shut off sealing liquid: This prevents
the mechanical seal from running dry.
With stuffing box with internal liquid
wetting: Close shut-off fitting in inlet pipe (C11).
No special measures required. Before conducting further measures, wait
until the machine and drive elements (drive
With stuffing box with external liquid
motor, gear unit, coupling) have come to a
feed (external sealant supply):
complete stop.
Close shut-off fitting for sealing liquid
(E11).
If there is a danger of frost:
With mechanical seal, single-acting,
Also drain liquid out of machine, liquid
with internal sealant supply
separators and pipes.
(removal of the sealing liquid from
the interior of the machine): With mechanical seal completely drain
No measures required. liquid out of all seal housings!

With mechanical seal, single-acting, See Chapter 10.1, "Draining", Pg. 92.
with external sealant supply:
Close shut-off fitting for sealing liquid, If a longer period is to be expected until the
i.e. shortly after the machine has been system is started up again:
switched off. Take measures for a longer standstill.
This prevents both the mechanical seal See Chapter 10.2, "Preparing for longer
from running dry and standstill", Pg. 95.
the liquid level in the machine from
becoming too high.

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Operation

9 Operation

Start-up and shut-down in normal operation is


identical to the procedure for commissioning. WARNING

Exception: Improper use of the machine can result in


serious
With connection variants with return of the or even fatal injuries!
operating liquid, the adjustment of the
operating liquid is eliminated. Have you read the safety precautions in
Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8 f.?
See connection with self-regulating operating- Otherwise you may not carry out any work with
liquid circuit, Fig. 14, Pg. 58. or on the machine!
Also be sure to read the safety precautions in
Chapter 8, "Commissioning", Pg. 83!

9.1 Start-up
See Chapter 8.2, "Start-up", Pg. 87.

9.2 Shut-down
See Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down", Pg. 89.

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Shutting down and longer standstill

10 Shutting down and longer standstill

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
Have you read the safety precautions in Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8 f.?
Otherwise you may not carry out any work with or on the machine!

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Before beginning work on the machine or dismantling, take the following measures:
Shut down machine and secure against being switched on again.
Hang a warning sign on the system controller and on the control elements for the machine:
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum pump/compressor!
Do not switch on!"
Wait for the machine to come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.
Shut off lines.
Carry out pressure relief.
Drain off excess liquid.
Make sure that no gauge pressure or vacuum is present in the lines, tanks etc. to be opened.

In particular, do not remove the following components until after the machine has come to a complete
stop, the lines have been shut-off and the pressure has been released:
The lines and blind flanges on the inlet and discharge connections.
The inspection covers on the end shields.
The lines, fittings and closures (plugs, covers) on the connections in the end shield.

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Shutting down and longer standstill

10.1 Draining

CAUTION
Danger of slipping and falling due to escaping liquid!
Provide suitable catch containers when draining the machine.

Proceed as follows: Open shut-off fitting for draining and


(See Fig. 32, Pg. 84.) flushing machine (D51).
This is located in the drain pipe on the
Shut down machine
connection for draining and flushing.
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down",
Pg. 89. Set up sufficiently large catch container
below end shields of machine.
Make sure that the drive motor is
Screw out plug for complete draining (A27)
electrically deenergized.
on end shields.
Secure against being switched on again.
After completely draining machine:
Hang a warning sign on the system
Close shut-off fitting for draining and
controller and on the control elements for
flushing (D51) again.
the machine:
Remount plug for complete draining (A27).
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum
pump/compressor!
Do not switch on!"
Depressurize machine and lines.

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Shutting down and longer standstill

With mechanical seal completely drain Mechanical seal, double-acting, with


liquid out of all seal housings. external sealant supply:
For basic design of mechanical seal, see
Mechanical seal, single-acting, with Fig. 34, Pg. 94.
internal sealant supply:
For basic design of mechanical seal, see With this variant the feed pipe of the sealing
Fig. 33, Pg. 94. liquid is connected to the lower (6) and the
discharge pipe of the sealing liquid to the
With this variant, the feed pipe of the upper (7) connection on the seal housing.
sealing liquid is a separate line that
normally connects the connection N4.41 on Shut down machine.
the end shield to the upper connection (6) Drain off sealing liquid via supply pipe (C).
on the seal housing.
Shut down machine.
Unscrew plug and/or screw plugs located in
seal housing (2) below shaft (3). CAUTION
Sealing liquid drains off (C).
Danger of slipping and falling due to
Mechanical seal, single-acting, with escaping liquid!
external sealant supply:
For basic design of mechanical seal, see Provide suitable catch container when draining
Fig. 33, Pg. 94. mechanical seals.

With this variant the feed pipe of the sealing


liquid is connected to either the upper or WARNING
lower connection (6) on the seal housing.
Danger of environmental damage!
With feeding of sealing liquid from below:
Shut down machine. If the sealing liquid is harmful to the
Drain off sealing liquid via supply pipe (C). environment:
With feeding of sealing liquid from above: Provide suitable catch container when draining
Shut down machine. mechanical seals.
Unscrew plug and/or screw plugs located in Dispose of sealing liquid in accordance with
seal housing (2) below shaft (3). country-specific and/or local regulations.
Sealing liquid drains off (C).

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Shutting down and longer standstill

Fig. 33: Draining:


Mechanical seal, single-acting, with internal
(a)
sealant supply or with external sealant supply

A Surrounding area (atmospheric side)


B Interior of machine (product side)
C Drain

1 End shield
2 Seal housing
3 Shaft

6 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid,


either at bottom (as shown) or top
(a)
Internal sealant supply =
removal of the sealing liquid from the interior of
the machine

Fig. 34: Draining:


Mechanical seal, double-acting, with external
sealant supply

A Surrounding area (atmospheric side)


B Interior of machine (product side)
C Drain

1 End shield
2 Seal housing
3 Shaft

6 Connection for feed pipe of sealing liquid


7 Connection for discharge pipe of sealing liquid

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Shutting down and longer standstill

10.2 Preparing for longer standstill

A longer standstill of the machine can, for 10.2.2 Special preparations for longer
example, occur during operation or between a standstill
brief test run and actual commissioning.
The additional, special preparations to be
made for a longer standstill are dependent on
You have two options for the standstill:
the material variant of the machine.
Either the machine remains connected in the
The material variant of the machine is specified
system,
by the 9th position of the type designation on
or the machine is removed for storage.
the rating plate.

Proceed as follows:
For stainless-steel machines (material
variant H):
No special preparations required.
10.2.1 Shutting down and securing
machine
Shut down machine For machine with parts not corrosion-
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down", resistant (all other material variants):
Pg. 89.
Proceed as follows:
Make sure that the drive motor is Neutralize machine
electrically deenergized. as described in Chapter 11.2.3,
Secure against being switched on again. "Neutralizing", Pg. 107.
To do this use a fluid that is both harmless
Hang a warning sign on the system controller to the machine and to the process,
and on the control elements for the machine: generally clean water.
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum
pump/compressor! Drain machine
Do not switch on!" as described in Chapter 10.1, "Draining",
Pg. 92.
Depressurize machine and lines.
Dry machine.
To do this, connect a vacuum pump to the
discharge connection and run for approx.
30 minutes.

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Shutting down and longer standstill

If drying is not possible, For longer storage


rotate the machine impeller every 2 weeks (more than 4 months):
during the standstill: Seal dried machine and several bags of
silica gel together in film.
For machines with stuffing boxes:
Log and/or mark measures carried out:
When the machine is installed in the
system (machine with drive): Dried: yes/no
Briefly switch on and then switch off Intervals for rotating impeller
again immediately. ...

If the machine stands separately, e.g. in To recommission, proceed as


the storage area (machine without described in Chapter 8, "Commissioning",
drive): Pg. 83.
Fit lever on shaft end to turn impeller.
When recommissioning after a longer
For machines with mechanical seals: standstill:
Follow instructions of seal manufacturer!
Fit lever on shaft end to turn impeller.
Proceed extremely slowly when doing
so! NOTICE
The periods/intervals for the specified
CAUTION measures are highly dependent on the
environmental conditions.
Running dry of the machine will cause the
mechanical seal to be destroyed within a With unfavorable conditions (e.g. high
matter of seconds! humidity, salty air, sandy or dusty air) the
periods/intervals may need to be shortened.
DO NOT put into operation as long as the
sealing space is not filled with sealing liquid, If in doubt, the Service Department must be
not even briefly (e.g. to check the rotating asked.
direction)!
If the impeller is turned manually, only proceed
extremely slowly!

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Shutting down and longer standstill

10.3 Storage conditions

This chapter applies in the following cases: The environment in which the machine is
stored must have the following characteristics:
New machines,
dry,
Machines prepared for a longer standstill,
vibration-free.
as described in Chapter 10.2, "Preparing for
longer standstill", Pg. 95.

CAUTION
All openings on the machine to which lines can
be connected (connections, connections in end The machine must never be set down or stored
shield) must be closed off. on uneven floors or surfaces!

If the machine is installed in the system:


Make sure that all pipes and hoses are
connected.
Make sure that closures are mounted on all
openings not required (e.g. blind flanges on
connections, plugs on threaded
connections).

If the machine stands separately, e.g. in the


storage area:
Make sure that closures are mounted on all
openings (e.g. blind flanges or plastic caps
on connections, plugs on threaded
connections).

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Servicing

11 Servicing

WARNING
Improper use of the machine can result in serious
or even fatal injuries!
Have you read the safety precautions in Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8 f.?
Otherwise you may not carry out any work with or on the machine!

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Before beginning work on the machine or dismantling, take the following measures:
Shut down machine and secure against being switched on again.
Hang a warning sign on the system controller and on the control elements for the machine:
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum pump/compressor!
Do not switch on!"
Wait for the machine to come to a complete stop.
Watch run-on time.
Shut off lines.
Carry out pressure relief.
Drain off excess liquid.
Make sure that no gauge pressure or vacuum is present in the lines, tanks etc. to be opened.

In particular, do not remove the following components until after the machine has come to a complete
stop, the lines have been shut-off and the pressure has been released:
The lines and blind flanges on the inlet and discharge connections.
The inspection covers on the end shields.
The lines, fittings and closures (plugs, covers) on the connections in the end shield.

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Servicing

WARNING
Danger from rotating parts (impeller, shaft):
Cutting/cutting off of extremities,
grabbing/winding up of hair and clothing!
Danger due to gauge pressure and vacuum:
sudden escaping of fluid (skin and eye injuries),
sudden pulling in of hair and clothing!
Danger due to escaping fluid:
Burns/scalding! Slipping and falling!
Restarting only under the following conditions:
After completing all work on the machine.
After complete reassembly.

In particular:
With connected lines on inlet and discharge connections.
Keep unused connections closed with blind flanges.
With closed inspection covers on the end shields.
With mounted lines and fittings on the connections in the end shield.
Keep unused connections closed with the sealing devices provided (plugs, covers).

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Servicing

11.1 Inspection

NOTICE
Log the results of the inspections.
Based on these results, specify the required intervals for the further inspection and maintenance of
the machine, the drive elements (drive motor, gear unit, coupling) and the system.
Prepare your system-specific inspection and maintenance schedule with these intervals.

NOTE
During normal inspections it is generally not necessary to dismantle the machine.

Intervals Component Work

5 operating hours after Belt gear unit Check belt tension and correct if necessary.
commissioning (if installed)

At regular intervals

150 operating hours Machine General inspection.


after commissioning
Ensure the following:
At regular intervals No major impurities may occur in the fluids
(pumped gases/vapors, operating liquid, sealing
liquid).
The specified technical data must be complied
with
(power consumption, temperature, pressures
etc.).
No impermissible leakage may occur at the shaft
seals.
The smooth running of the machine and drive
elements (drive motor, gear unit, coupling) must
not worsen.
The bearing running noises may not increase.
No settling or cracks may occur in the
foundation.
Valves, filters and sieves must be free of foreign
bodies.
Otherwise clean and specify a corresponding
period for the next inspection.
Flush solid materials out of the machine housing
if necessary.

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Servicing

Intervals Component Work

At regular intervals Machine Additional inspection.

Make sure that


the impeller alignment is within the permissible
tolerances,
all connection elements and mounting
screws/bolts are firmly tightened
(with the exception of mounting screws/bolts on
stuffing boxes).

At regular intervals Working space of Visual inspection for soiling and lime deposits.
machine
Proceed as follows:
Shut down machine.
See Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down", Pg. 89.
Drain machine.
See Chapter 10.1, "Draining", Pg. 92.
Remove inspection cover (Fig. 23, Pg. 70,
Item 5) on end shields of machine.
Conduct visual inspection for soiling and lime
deposits.
Remount inspection cover.
Clean machine if necessary.
See Chapter 11.2.1, "Cleaning", Pg. 103.
Decalcify machine if necessary.
See Chapter 11.2.2, "Decalcifying", Pg. 105.

Weekly Stuffing boxes Check leakage.

Correct adjustment if necessary.


See Chapter 11.2.4.1, "Adjusting stuffing boxes",
Pg. 108.

If this is not possible, add to or replace stuffing box


packing.
See Chapter 11.2.4.2, "Adding to stuffing box
packing", Pg. 112 or Chapter 11.2.4.3, "Replacing
stuffing box packing", Pg. 114.

WARNING
Improper operation can lead to malfunctions!
Malfunction can result in serious damage and injuries!
Depending on the connection variant and system conditions, it may be necessary to add to the above
list of inspection work!
Observe instructions for additional components and for the entire system!

WARNING
Improper operation can lead to malfunctions!
Malfunction can result in serious damage and injuries!
Immediately rectify defects determined during inspection!
Also see Chapter 11.3, "Repairs/troubleshooting", Pg. 122.

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Servicing

11.2 Maintenance

Contamination/Problem Remedy

Dirt deposits on machine. Clean machine from outside.


See Chapter 11.2.1, "Cleaning", Section "Outside", Pg. 103.

Fine-grain dirt (e.g. sand) get Flush out machine during operation.
into the vacuum see Chapter 11.2.1, "Cleaning", Section "Inside: Flushing during operation",
pump/compressor with the Pg. 103.
operating liquid or pumped
gases/vapors.

Contamination of machine Flush machine with cleaning agent.


by fluids used. See Chapter 11.2.1, "Cleaning", Section "Inside: Flushing with cleaning
agent", Pg. 104.
Neutralize machine.
See Chapter 11.2.3, "Neutralizing", Pg. 107.

Dirt deposits in filters and Clean filters and sieves.


sieves. See Chapter 11.2.1, "Cleaning", Section "Cleaning sieves and filters",
Pg. 104.

Water with high lime content Decalcify machine.


used as operating liquid or See Chapter 11.2.2, "Decalcifying", Pg. 105.
as sealing liquid.
Lime deposits in machine.

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Servicing

11.2.1 Cleaning

Outside: Inside: Flushing during operation


Cleaning exposed shaft ends and bearing Dirt particles and foreign bodies which get into
housings: the working space of the machine collect in the
with a soft, lint-free cleaning cloth operating liquid ring.
It must be flushed out at regular intervals.
Cleaning all other parts: (Intervals are dependent on the amount of dirt
with compressed air particles and foreign bodies.)
with water or steam jets
Proceed as follows:

Option 1:
CAUTION See Fig. 32, Pg. 84.
The machine must be operating.
Danger from compressed air! Open shut-off fitting for draining and
Danger from water or steam jets! flushing (D51).
Take protective measures for the use of This is located in the discharge pipe for
compressed air or for the use of water or draining and flushing (D50).
Observe exiting liquid. If installed, the
steam jets:
funnel or sight glass (D56) are used for
Provide suitable extraction (with this purpose.
compressed air), Allow to drain off until clean liquid flows
Block off surrounding area, out.
Remove objects lying around, Close shut-off fitting for draining and
Wear personal safety equipment (protective flushing again.
goggles, breathing protection, protective
gloves). Option 2:
See Fig. 23, Pg. 70.
The machine must be operating.
CAUTION Set up sufficiently large catch container
below end shields of machine.
Danger of damage to shaft bearings!
Screw out plug for complete draining (8)
The exposed shaft end and the bearing on end shields.
housings may not be cleaned with water or Observe exiting liquid.
steam jets! Allow to drain off until clean liquid flows
out.
Close plug for complete draining again.

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Servicing

Inside: Flushing with cleaning agent Cleaning sieves and filters


Depending on the fluids used, it may be Installed sieves or filters must be cleaned or
necessary to flush the machine with a cleaning replaced at regular intervals. (Follow
agent. manufacturer's instructions!
The procedure is highly dependent on the
system and/or the process.
However, the following basic rules must always
be complied with:

Select a suitable cleaning agent that does


not attack the materials of components of
the machine, pipes, seals, fittings etc.
Flushing with cleaning agent is possible
both during operation and with the machine
is at a standstill.
Then neutralize machine
as described in Chapter 11.2.3,
"Neutralizing", Pg. 107.
Dispose of cleaning agent in accordance
with the manufacturer's specifications.

WARNING
Danger from flammable, caustic or toxic
substances!
When using chemical substances (cleaning
agent, decalcifier etc.):
Observe safety data sheets of manufacturer!

CAUTION
When using chemical substances (cleaning
agent, decalcifier etc.):
Make sure that the substances do not attack
the material of components of the machine,
pipes, seals, fittings etc.!

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Servicing

11.2.2 Decalcifying

If extremely limy water is used as an operating B) Removal of the lime deposits: Flushing
liquid or as sealing liquid, lime deposits occur with decalcifier
in the machine.
If lime deposits form, the machine must be
flushed regularly with decalcifier as part of
In this case two different procedures are
maintenance.
possible:
Prevention of lime deposits with continuous The required intervals are dependent on the
addition of water softener during operation lime content of the operating liquid and of the
sealing liquid.
Removal of lime deposits by regularly
flushing with decalcifier as part of
maintenance Information on decalcifier:
Type:
CAUTION Ethanoic acid (crystalline form):
Solution of 20 parts by weight of acid and
Danger of subsequent damage in case of 100 parts by weight of water
calcification!
OR:
Hard lime layers can break open over time and
separate. This can cause damage to Phosphoric acid (commercially available
components. form):
Solution of 15 - 17 parts by weight of acid
Take measures for the continuous prevention and 100 parts by weight of water
of lime deposits or for regular removal of lime
deposits.
Filling amount:
Filling amount/volume of entire machine:
See Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section
A) Prevention of lime deposits: Addition of "Filling amount", Pg. 25.
water softener
To prevent the development of lime deposits Procedure:
from the outset, we recommend adding water
softener to the operating liquid, and if Proceed as follows:
necessary to the sealing liquid. Shut down machine
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down",
This means a continuous dosing of the water Pg. 89.
softener must be provided for operation.
Make sure that the drive motor is
It is necessary to ask the manufacturer of the electrically deenergized.
water softener or the Service Department for Secure against being switched on again.
the required quantity. Hang a warning sign on the system
controller and on the control elements for
the machine:
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum
pump/compressor!
Do not switch on!"
Depressurize machine and lines.

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Drain machine completely Drain machine to shaft center.


as described in Chapter 10.1, "Draining", Proceed as follows:
Pg. 92.
either:
Shut off following connections and lines:
Open discharge pipe of operating liquid
Feed pipe of operating liquid (connection for partial draining on
bottom discharge connection) if installed
Feeding of sealing liquid
(with external sealant supply) Observe exiting liquid.
Allow to drain off until no more clean
Discharge pipe of operating liquid liquid flows out.
(connection for partial draining on
bottom discharge connection) if installed Close discharge pipe of operating liquid
(connection for partial draining on
OR: bottom discharge connection) again
Bottom discharge connection (close off OR:
with blind flange)
Open line for draining and flushing.
Open following connections (disconnect
lines): Watch liquid level via opened top
discharge connection.
either: top inlet connection Allow to drain off until liquid level is
or: top discharge connection equal to shaft center.

Calculate required amount of decalcifier Close line for draining and flushing
(see above). again.

Fill machine as follows: Check whether machine is free of lime


deposits.
Pour in clean water up to approx. shaft
center. If lime deposits are still present:
Top up again with clean water up to upper
Pour in decalcifier. edge of top connection.
Top up with clean water up to upper Allow to soak.
edge of top connection. Drain machine completely
Allow decalcifier to soak. as described in Chapter 10.1, "Draining",
Soaking period: approx. 6 hours. Pg. 92.
This is dependent on the size of the Flush machine with fresh water.
machine, the concentration of the acid and OR:
the thickness of the lime deposits. Neutralize machine
During this, move the impeller by a few as described in Chapter 11.2.3,
rotations at regular intervals. (Fit lever on "Neutralizing", Pg. 107.
shaft end to turn impeller.)

WARNING
Danger from flammable, caustic or toxic
substances!
When using chemical substances (cleaning
agent, decalcifier etc.):
Observe safety data sheets of manufacturer!

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11.2.3 Neutralizing

The machine can come into contact with non- Leave dangerous substances, substances
neutral substances and even dangerous etc. used beforehand in machine.
substances. These can be: Do not drain machine.
the fluids used (pumped gases/vapors,
operating liquid, sealing liquid) Shut off following connections and lines:
chemical substance with which the machine Feed pipe of operating liquid
is treated (cleaning agent, decalcifier) Feeding of sealing liquid
(with external sealant supply)
In such cases it may be necessary to Discharge pipe of operating liquid
neutralize the machine. (connection for partial draining on
bottom discharge connection) if installed
OR:
The fluid used for neutralizing must have the Bottom discharge connection (close off
following characteristics: with blind flange)
It must be harmless for the machine and
the process. Open following connections (disconnect
It must chemically neutralize the effect of lines):
the dangerous substances, substances etc. either: top inlet connection
used beforehand. or: top discharge connection

Pour in fluid.
Proceed as follows:
Allow fluid to soak.
Shut down machine
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down",
Drain machine completely
Pg. 89.
as described in Chapter 10.1, "Draining",
Pg. 92.
Make sure that the drive motor is
If required due to chemical properties, catch
electrically deenergized.
fluid when doing so.
Secure against being switched on again.
Dispose of fluid in accordance with the
Hang a warning sign on the system controller
manufacturer's specifications.
and on the control elements for the machine:
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum
pump/compressor!
Do not switch on!"
WARNING
Depressurize machine and lines.
Danger from flammable, caustic or toxic
substances!
When using chemical substances (cleaning
agent, decalcifier etc.):
Observe safety data sheets of manufacturer!

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11.2.4 Stuffing boxes

Fig. 35: Stuffing box


15.03 15.02 15.03 15.06 / 15.07

15.01
(The illustration shows the non-driving side. The
driving side is designed mirror-reversed. Also see
Fig. 41, Pg. 133).

15.01 Stuffing box gland


15.02 Sealing-water distribution ring
15.03 Stuffing box packing
15.04 Hexagon bolt for adjustment
(shown turned by 45)
15.05 Washer
15.06 Plug on connection for feed pipe of sealing
liquid
(for external sealant supply)
15.07 Thread sealing compound
22.01 Shaft bushing
40.01 End shield

(1) Pull-off thread,


located in sealing-water distribution ring
15.04 on atmospheric side

15.05
22.01 40.01 (1)

11.2.4.1 Adjusting stuffing boxes

Leakage can occur at the stuffing boxes, i.e. NOTE:


liquid escapes.
With stuffing boxes with external liquid feed
This is dependent on the operating conditions.
(external sealant supply) the leakage is
generally greater than with stuffing boxes with
The leakage is normal when only a few drops
internal liquid wetting.
escape (maximum of 1 to 2 drops of liquid per
With stuffing boxes with internal liquid
second).
wetting the stuffing box packings can run dry.
However, the leakage is too great when water
They then have no or only minimal leakage.
sprays out. This can cause bearing damage. In
this case the stuffing boxes must be adjusted.

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Stuffing boxes with internal liquid wetting: After adjusting the stuffing boxes, please
observe:
In this case the stuffing boxes must be
adjusted in the depressurized state, i.e. with Temperature increase:
the machine at a standstill. After machine is started up, temperature of
During operation the adjustment of the stuffing stuffing boxes will briefly increase
boxes may not be changed. somewhat. This is normal.
Check temperature of stuffing boxes.
Proceed as follows: At a temperature of over 60 C [140 F]:
(See Fig. 35, Pg. 108.) Slightly loosen stuffing box glands again.
Shut down machine
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down",
Pg. 89. CAUTION
Make sure that the drive motor is Danger of damage to machine due to
electrically deenergized. overheated stuffing box packings!
Secure against being switched on again.
If the temperature continues to increase
Hang a warning sign on the system controller despite loosening the stuffing box gland:
and on the control elements for the machine: Briefly increase pressure of sealing liquid.
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum OR
pump/compressor! Shut down machine and wait until stuffing
Do not switch on!" box packings have cooled

Depressurize machine and lines.


NOTE
Make sure that operating liquid has been
poured in. With new or dried-out stuffing boxes, the
(Operating liquid level in working space of stuffing box packing will swell at the beginning.
machine: at level of shaft center.) In this case tighten the stuffing box glands
somewhat less to compensate. As a result, the
Stuffing boxes are accessible via openings leakage is somewhat greater at first.
in bearing bracket.

Loosen four hexagon bolts (15.04). Loosen


stuffing box gland (15.01) in this way until
liquid escapes.

Tighten four hexagon bolts (15.04) evenly


diagonally. Retighten stuffing box gland
(15.01) in this way until only a maximum of
1 to 2 drops of liquid escape per second.
However, no liquid may spray out.

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Stuffing boxes with external liquid feed Proceed as follows:


(external sealant supply): (See Fig. 35, Pg. 108 and Fig. 32, Pg. 84.)
In this case the stuffing boxes must be Check pressure of sealing liquid on
adjusted with the machine running. pressure gauge (E13).
Correct by adjusting shut-off fitting (E11) if
necessary.
WARNING
Check volumetric flow of sealing liquid on
Openings in bearing bracket/shaft volume flow meter (E14).
mounting of end shields: Correct by adjusting shut-off fitting (E11) if
Danger from rotating parts (shaft): necessary.
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns),
cutting on shaft shoulders, For feed pressure and volumetric flow of
grasping/winding up of hair and clothing! sealing liquid, see Chapter 4.2, "Operating
conditions", Section "Sealing liquid", Pg. 33.
Danger from fluids spraying out:
Skin and eye injuries!
For the openings in the bearing bracket/shaft
mounting of the end shields, the following
CAUTION
applies:
At a feed pressure of > 0.3 bar [> 4.35 psi]
Do not look or reach into the openings in above discharge pressure, liquid spray can
the bearing bracket/shaft mounting of the escape.
end shields while the machine is running.
Always only conduct work in this area after Danger of damage to machine by escaping
the shaft has come to a complete stop. liquid spray!
Watch run-on time. The feed pressure of the sealing liquid may not
When conducting work in this area that exceed 0.3 mbar [4.35 psi] above the
must be carried out with the machine discharge pressure!
running, wear personal safety equipment
(protective gloves, hair net, protective
goggles).
Stuffing boxes are accessible via openings
in bearing bracket.

Loosen four hexagon bolts (15.04). Loosen


stuffing box gland (15.01) in this way until
liquid escapes.

Tighten four hexagon bolts (15.04) evenly


diagonally. Retighten stuffing box gland
(15.01) in this way until only a maximum of
1 to 2 drops of liquid escape per second.
However, no liquid may spray out.

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After adjusting the stuffing boxes, please Irregular operating conditions:


observe:
In case of a sudden change in the operating
Temperature increase: conditions (collapse of vacuum) the leakage
After machine is started up, temperature of can suddenly increase.
stuffing boxes will briefly increase
somewhat. This is normal. In this case we recommend the following
Check temperature of stuffing boxes. procedure:
At a temperature of over 60 C [140 F]:
Slightly loosen stuffing box glands again. With stuffing boxes with internal liquid
wetting:
Temporarily readjust stuffing box, as an
exception with the machine running.
CAUTION Then: Shut down machine. Adjust stuffing
box as specified with machine at a
Danger of damage to machine due to standstill. Put machine into operation again.
overheated stuffing box packings!
If the temperature continues to increase With stuffing boxes with external liquid
despite loosening the stuffing box gland: feed (external sealant supply):
Temporarily throttle sealing liquid.
Briefly increase pressure of sealing liquid.
Temporarily readjust stuffing box.
OR
When the normal operating point is reached
Shut down machine and wait until stuffing again, reverse settings again.
box packings have cooled

NOTE
With new or dried-out stuffing boxes, the
stuffing box packing will swell at the beginning.
In this case tighten the stuffing box glands
somewhat less to compensate. As a result, the
leakage is somewhat greater at first.

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11.2.4.2 Adding to stuffing box packing

The stuffing box packing must be added to To add to the stuffing box packing, proceed as
when the following conditions occur: follows:
(See Fig. 35, Pg. 108.)
If larger leaks occur after longer operation.
If stuffing box gland cannot be further Shutting down and securing machine:
readjusted.
Shut down machine
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down",
Pg. 89.
Stuffing box with internal liquid wetting:
Make sure that the drive motor is
With this design a maximum of two packing
electrically deenergized.
rings (i.e. two x one packing ring or one x two
Secure against being switched on again.
packing rings) may be added.
Hang a warning sign on the system
Stuffing box with external liquid feed controller and on the control elements for
(external sealant supply): the machine:
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum
With this design a maximum of one x one
pump/compressor!
packing ring may be added.
Do not switch on!"
Depressurize machine and lines.
If the stuffing box packing has already been
added to by the maximum number of packing
rings, then the stuffing box packing should be
completely replaced on both designs. Removing:
(See Chapter 11.2.4.3, "Replacing stuffing box Stuffing boxes are accessible via openings
packing", Pg. 114). in bearing bracket.
Completely unscrew hexagon bolts (15.04).
Pull stuffing box gland (15.01) out of end
shield (40.01).
Push stuffing box gland (15.01) back to
bearing cover (50.03/50.04).

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Mounting:
NOTICE
NOTE Cotton stuffing box packings are installed in
the machine at the factory.
Data of stuffing box packing:
When using stuffing box packings of another
See Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section
material, e.g. of ramie fibers, the
"Stuffing boxes", Pg. 30.
manufacturer's specifications must also be
Also see catalog and separately supplied, observed.
detailed parts list ("Teileliste / Parts List").
If necessary, the machine must be switched
over to external sealant supply (see Chapter
Cut required number of packing 5.8.2, "Stuffing boxes", Section "Conversion",
rings (15.03) to proper length. Pg. 46).
Use a packing cutter for this purpose
(available from stuffing-box packing
manufacturer).
Insert packing rings (15.03).
Note: Joint gaps of packing rings must be
offset by 90 each.
Guide stuffing box gland (15.01) into end
shield (40.01).
Note: Stuffing box gland (15.01) may not
rub on shaft (10.02)!
Coat hexagon bolts (15.04) with graphite
lubricant up to head.
Insert hexagon bolts (15.04).
Tighten four hexagon bolts (15.04) evenly
diagonally. Tighten stuffing box
gland (Item 15.01) in this way.
Adjust stuffing box.
See Chapter 11.2.4.1, "Adjusting stuffing
boxes", Pg. 108.

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11.2.4.3 Replacing stuffing box packing

The stuffing box packing must completely Removing:


replaced when the following conditions occur:
Stuffing boxes are accessible via openings
If larger leaks occur after longer operation. in bearing bracket.
If stuffing box gland cannot be further Completely unscrew hexagon bolts (15.04).
readjusted.
Pull stuffing box gland (15.01) out of end
If maximum number of packing rings has shield (40.01).
already been added to stuffing box packing.
(See Chapter 11.2.4.2, "Adding to stuffing Push stuffing box gland (15.01) back to
box packing", Pg. 112). bearing cover (50.03/50.04).

If stuffing box packing is worn or damaged Remove rest of outer packing rings (15.03).
by overheating. Use a packing puller for this purpose
(available from stuffing-box packing
If possible impregnation of stuffing box manufacturer).
packing has been washed out.
Remove sealing-water distribution
ring (15.02).
(See Fig. 36, Pg. 115.)
To completely replace the stuffing box packing,
proceed as follows: Sealing-water distribution ring (15.02) is
(See Fig. 35, Pg. 108.) divided into two halves (half rings).
Each half ring has two pull-off
threads (1) on its face which are offset
Shutting down and securing machine: by 120 each.
Shut down machine Select suitable cap screws for pull-off
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down", threads (1).
Pg. 89. For dimensions, see Section "Pull-off
thread of sealing-water distribution ring:
Make sure that the drive motor is Thread diameter", Pg. 115.
electrically deenergized.
Secure against being switched on again. Screw cap screws into pull-off
threads (1) so that they still protrude
Hang a warning sign on the system somewhat.
controller and on the control elements for
the machine: Grasp cap screws in pull-off threads (1)
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum by hand or with a pair of pliers.
pump/compressor! Screw two half rings out of their seat
Do not switch on!" consecutively by cap screws.
Depressurize machine and lines. If pull-off threads are soiled:
Select suitable tool, e.g. a hook.
Use to grasp half rings of sealing-water
distribution ring (15.02).
Pull two half rings out of their seat
consecutively in this way.

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Mounting:
G
1
NOTE
Data of stuffing box packing:
See Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section
"Stuffing boxes", Pg. 30.
Also see catalog and separately supplied,
detailed parts list ("Teileliste / Parts List").

Cut required number of packing


rings (15.03) to proper length.
Use a packing cutter for this purpose
(available from stuffing-box packing
manufacturer).
Tap two inner rings of stuffing box
packing (15.03) somewhat flat.
Fig. 36: Sealing-water distribution ring (15.02)
Insert two inner packing rings (15.03).
1 Pull-off thread Note: Joint gaps of packing rings must be
G Thread diameter offset by 90 each.
Mount sealing-water distribution
ring (15.02).
Pull-off thread of sealing-water distribution Note: Pull-off threads (1) must face toward
ring: Thread diameter atmospheric side.
(See Fig. 36, Pg. 115.)
Type 2BE3 ... 30. 67. 72.
Grasp cap screws in pull-off threads (1)
G M5 M6
by hand or with a pair of pliers.
Push two half rings consecutively into
Remove rest of inner packing rings (15.03). their seat.
Use a packing puller for this purpose Remove cap screws from pull-off
(available from stuffing-box packing threads (1).
manufacturer).
Insert two outer packing rings (15.03).
Clean packing space. Note: Joint gaps of packing rings must be
In particular, sticking packing remainders offset by 90 each.
must be removed, e.g. with a screwdriver.
Guide stuffing box gland (15.01) into end
Check sealing-water distribution shield (40.01).
ring (15.02) for wear and damage. Note: Stuffing box gland (15.01) may not
If necessary, sealing-water distribution rub on shaft (10.02)!
ring (15.02) must be replaced.
Check shaft bushing (22.01) for wear and
damage.
If necessary, shaft bushing must be
remachined or replaced.
For checking and remachining individual
parts, see maintenance instructions.

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Coat hexagon bolts (15.04) with graphite


lubricant up to head. NOTICE
Insert hexagon bolts (15.04). To be observed with stuffing box with
external liquid feed (external sealant
Tighten four hexagon bolts (15.04) evenly supply):
diagonally. Tighten stuffing box
gland (Item 15.01) in this way. The sealing liquid is fed in via the inlet channel
(near 15.06) and the openings in the sealing-
Adjust stuffing box. water distribution ring (15.02).
See Chapter 11.2.4.1, "Adjusting stuffing
boxes", Pg. 108. This means that for feeding of the sealing
liquid is possible, one of the openings in the
sealing-water distribution ring must align
exactly with the inlet channel.
NOTICE The axial position of the sealing-water
distribution ring is determined by the number of
Cotton stuffing box packings are installed in inner and outer packing rings.
the machine at the factory. Therefore, ensure the proper number of inner
When using stuffing box packings of another and outer packing rings.
material, e.g. of ramie fibers, the This is specified at the following points:
manufacturer's specifications must also be
on the additional plate for the stuffing box
observed.
packing (near the rating plate),
If necessary, the machine must be switched
over to external sealant supply (see Chapter in Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical data", Section
5.8.2, "Stuffing boxes", Section "Conversion", "Stuffing boxes", Pg. 30.
Pg. 46). This way proper distribution of sealing liquid in
stuffing box packing.

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11.2.5 Lubricating bearings

Grease type
NOTE
The following lubricating greases are suitable
All types of the 2BE3 series are equipped with for lubricating the rolling bearings:
a relubricating device.
Manufacturer Grease Designation
SHELL Alvania EP (LF) 2
NOTE (used at factory for initial
lubrication)
Machines with a relubricating device always AGIP GR MU EP2
have a lubrication plate with the following CHEVRON Dura-Lith Grease EP2
information:
DEA Paragon EP2
Grease type, ESSO Beacon EP2
Lubrication period, MOBIL Mobilux EP2
Grease quantity per lubricating point.
These are KP2K lubricating greases as per
DIN 51825.
NOTE They contain lithium soap as a thickener and
mineral oil as the base oil.
To monitor the lubrication periods, we
recommend keeping an inspection log.
The inspection log should contain the following
information: NOTICE
Date Greases with other thickeners and base oils
Type designation and serial number of may not be used!
machine
Grease type (manufacturer and grease
designation)
Grease quantity per lubricating point Grease quantity
Person conducting lubrication Type Grease Quantity per
Lubricating Point
in g in oz
2BE3 30. / 32. 90 g 3.17 oz
Lubrication period
2BE3 40. / 42. 100 g 3.53 oz
The rolling bearings must be relubricated at 2BE3 50. / 52. 140 g 4.94 oz
least at the following intervals: 2BE3 60. / 62. 160 g 5.64 oz
2BE3 67. / 72. 240 g 8.47 oz
either: every 2,000 operating hours
or: 1x yearly

(whichever comes first)

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50.08 50.08
50.01 50.17 50.15 40.01 50.15 50.17 50.02

50.12 50.12
10 mm 10 mm
50.14 / 50.18 [0.394"] [0.394"] 50.14 / 50.18
50.07
50.07

1 WE
50.06

2 WE

50.10 50.10
50.09
50.09
50.05 50.29
50.29
50.11 50.03 50.06
50.04
50.28

50.28 50.13 40.01 50.16 50.13 50.11

Fig. 37: Bearing insert on drive side Fig. 38 Bearing insert on non-driving side
40.01 End shield 40.01 End shield
50.01 Bearing housing, driving side 50.02 Bearing housing, non-driving side
50.03 Bearing cover, driving side, inside 50.04 Bearing cover, non-driving side, inside
50.05 Bearing cover, driving side, outside 50.06 Bearing cover, non-driving side, outside
50.07 Grease slinger 50.07 Grease slinger
50.08 Taper roller bearing 50.08 Taper roller bearing
50.09 Axial shaft sealing ring, inside 50.09 Axial shaft sealing ring, inside
50.10 Axial shaft sealing ring, outside 50.10 Axial shaft sealing ring, outside
50.11 Hexagon bolt 50.11 Hexagon bolt
50.12 Cap screw with Allen head 50.12 Cap screw with Allen head
50.13 Hexagon bolt 50.13 Hexagon bolt
50.14 Threaded pin 50.14 Threaded pin
50.15 Flat grease nipple 50.15 Flat grease nipple
50.17 Lubricating grease 50.16 Compensating washer
50.18 Liquid thread locking compound, 50.17 Lubricating grease
normally separable 50.18 Liquid thread locking compound,
50.28 Plug normally separable
50.29 Felt ring 50.28 Plug
50.29 Felt ring

1 WE Design with one shaft end


(no shaft end on non-driving side)
2 WE Design with two shaft ends
(second shaft end on non-driving side)

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Lubricating with relubricating device

See Fig. 37, Pg. 118, and Fig. 38, Pg. 118. Initial technical status:
The machine must be operating.
This means the shaft must turn and the
NOTE bearings must be at operating temperature.
All types of the 2BE3 series are equipped with
This distributes the new grease evenly in
a relubricating device.
the bearing and forces the used grease out
of the bearing during lubrication.
WARNING Remove plug (50.28) from outer bearing
cover (50.05/50.06).
Openings in bearing bracket/shaft
mounting of end shields: Clean grease nipple (50.15).
Danger from rotating parts (shaft): Ensure proper grease type and grease
Injuries from rubbing (scrapes, burns), quantity.
cutting on shaft shoulders, See lubrication plate on machine or
grasping/winding up of hair and clothing! Sections "Grease type", Pg. 117 and
"Grease quantity", Pg. 117.
Danger from fluids spraying out:
Skin and eye injuries! Press grease into grease nipple (50.15)
with a grease gun.
For the openings in the bearing bracket/shaft
mounting of the end shields, the following New grease is distributed in bearing
applies: (50.08).
Do not look or reach into the openings in At the same time, used grease and excess
the bearing bracket/shaft mounting of the grease is forced out of bearing (50.08).
end shields while the machine is running. Grease forced out collects within inner and
Always only conduct work in this area after outer bearing cover (50.03/50.04 and
the shaft has come to a complete stop. 50.05/50.06).
Watch run-on time.
When conducting work in this area that Part escapes downward through open hole
must be carried out with the machine in outer bearing cover (50.05/50.06, near
running, wear personal safety equipment 50.28).
(protective gloves, hair net, protective It must be caught in a suitable manner (with
goggles). cleaning cloth or catch container).
When no more grease escapes during
WARNING operation:
Seal off hole in outer bearing cover
Danger of burns/scalding! (50.05/50.06) again with plug (50.28).
During operating and directly after shut-down,
the bearing housings can have temperatures of
approx. 80 C [176 F]!
Wear protective gloves!

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Watch bearing temperature during entire Lubricating with automatic lubricating


procedure. devices
When pressing in grease, bearing Observe the following when using automatic
temperature increases noticeably at first. lubricating devices:
After used and excess grease has been The plug (50.28) can be removed
forced out of bearing, bearing permanently so that the hole in the outer
temperature drops to normal value bearing cover (50.05/50.06) is constantly
again. open during operation.
The used grease can then flow out
However, if bearing temperature has not
continuously.
reached normal value again after more
than 24 hours of operation, old grease A pipe and a container should be mounted
must be removed from bearing covers on the opened hole to drain off and catch
(50.03/50.04 and 50.05/50.06). the escaping grease.
See Section "Removing used grease", Dimensions of the connection thread for the
Pg. 121. pipe: see table "Connection thread of hole
for used-grease discharge pipe (near
Grease must be disposed of as used
50.28)", Pg. 120.
lubricant in accordance with country-
specific and/or local regulations. Observe manufacturer's documentation for
automatic lubricating device.

NOTE Connection thread of hole for used-grease


discharge pipe (near 50.28):
As an option you can remove the plug (50.28)
permanently so that the hole in the outer Type 2BE3 ... 30. / 32. 40.... 72.
bearing cover (50.05 / 50.06) is constantly
open during operation. Pipe thread as per Rp Rp
The used grease can then flow out ISO 7/1
continuously.
In this case a pipe and a container should be
mounted on the opened hole to drain off and
catch the escaping grease.
Dimensions of the connection thread for the
pipe: see table "Connection thread of hole for
used-grease discharge pipe (near 50.28)",
Pg. 120.

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Servicing

Removing used grease

See sections "Fig. 37", Pg. 118 Fig. 38and Mounting:


Pg. 118.
Carry out mounting in reverse order.
Proceed as follows:
Shutting down and securing machine: Grease sealing surfaces of shaft sealing
rings (50.09/50.10).
Shut down machine
See Fig. 42, Pg. 134, Item C.
as described in Chapter 8.3, "Shut-down",
Pg. 89. Push inner bearing cover (50.03/50.04) into
mounting on bearing housing (50.01/50.02).
Make sure that the drive motor is
electrically deenergized.
Secure inner bearing cover (50.03/50.04)
Secure against being switched on again.
with screws (50.11).
Hang a warning sign on the system
Push inner shaft sealing ring (50.09) into
controller and on the control elements for
mounting on inner bearing cover
the machine:
(50.03/50.04).
"DANGER! Maintenance work on vacuum
When doing so, watch the following: Outer
pump/compressor!
edge of inner shaft sealing ring must extend
Do not switch on!"
10 mm [0.394"] compared to face of inner
Depressurize machine and lines. bearing cover.

We recommend using a mounting aid disk


Removing: for this purpose. See Fig. 42, Pg. 134,
Remove screws (50.12) on outer bearing Item II.
cover (50.05/50.06). Position outer bearing cover (50.05/50.06).
Pull off outer bearing cover (50.05/50.06). Secure outer bearing cover (50.05/50.06)
Remove screws (50.11) on bearing housing with screws (50.12).
(50.01/50.02). On driving side and, with machine model
with second shaft end, on non-driving side:
Pull off inner bearing cover (50.03/50.04)
together with inner shaft sealing ring Push outer shaft sealing ring (50.10) into
(50.09) and push to side. mounting on outer bearing cover
(50.05/50.06).
Clean bearing cover: When doing so, watch the following: Outer
edge of outer shaft sealing ring and face of
Remove grease from bearing covers outer bearing cover must be flush.
(50.05/50.06 and 50.03/50.04) using
wooden spatula etc. We recommend using a mounting aid disk
Rub off bearing covers (50.05/50.06 and for this purpose. See Fig. 42, Pg. 134,
50.03/50.04) with cloth. Cloth must be soft Item I.
and lint-free; it may be soaked with
petroleum if necessary.
Grease must be disposed of as used
lubricant in accordance with country-
specific and/or local regulations.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 121 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Servicing

11.3 Repairs/troubleshooting

Fault Cause Remedy Carried out by

Rough Base plate Pour out base plate and, if necessary, gear unit Operator
running. vibrates. base with foundation concrete.

Fill base plate and, if necessary, gear unit base Operator


with dry sand.

Machine vibrates. Check alignment and mounting of machine. Operator

Pipes vibrate. Check mounting of pipes. Operator

Cavitation Use colder operating liquid. Operator


(Symptom:
rattling noise). Increase inlet pressure by adding additional air. Operator

Retrofit cavitation protection. Operator

Pulsing feed. Throttle operating liquid until pulsing stops. Operator

Check non-return fittings. Operator

Too much liquid Too much operating liquid: Operator


on inlet side (in Throttle operating liquid.
end shield and
working space). Simultaneous feeding of liquid via inlet pipe too Operator
high:
Install pre-separator in inlet pipe.

Separator Position separator lower. Operator


positioned too
high.

Impeller rubs on Correct gap between impeller and port plate: Operator/Service
port plate. Open inspection cover if installed.
Check gap between impeller and port plate.
If gap is too small: Reduce length of impeller.
(Dismantle machine. Turn impeller shorter.)

Power Calcification or Flush with 20 % ethanoic acid. Operator


consumption deposits. Dismantle and clean machine if necessary.
too high. Soften operating liquid.

Incorrect display Check measuring devices and calibrate if Operator


of measuring necessary.
devices.

Discharge Check system. Operator


pressure too high.

Pulsing feed. Throttle operating liquid until pulsing stops. Operator

Check non-return fittings. Operator

Too much liquid Too much operating liquid: Operator


on inlet side (in Throttle operating liquid.
end shield and
working space). Simultaneous feeding of liquid via inlet pipe too Operator
high:
Install pre-separator in inlet pipe.

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Servicing

Fault Cause Remedy Carried out by

Separator Position separator lower. Operator


positioned too
high.

Impeller rubs on Correct gap between impeller and port plate: Operator/Service
port plate. Open inspection cover if installed.
Check gap between impeller and port plate.
If gap is too small: Reduce length of impeller.
(Dismantle machine. Turn impeller shorter.)

Stuffing box Loosen stuffing box gland until 1 to 2 drops of Operator


tightened too liquid escape per second.
firmly.

Simultaneous Flush housing at regular intervals or continuously. Operator


feeding of solid Install dirt trap in inlet pipe if necessary.
bodies via inlet
pipe too high.

Motor protection If no faults are present on machine: Operator


is activated.
Check motor protection.
Use motor protection with higher operating current
if necessary.

If no faults are present on machine: Operator

Check motor size.


Use drive motor with higher output if necessary.

Erosion in Check wear resistance of material. Operator/Service


housing.
Replace housing with equivalent design. Install
filter in feed pipe of operating liquid.

Check wear resistance of material. Operator/Service

Replace housing with higher-quality design (with


greater wear resistance or lining).

Max. permissible Eliminate unnecessary throttle points (closed Operator


pressure lines, incorrectly adjusted gate valves etc.) on
difference inlet and/or discharge side.
exceeded.

Volumetric Calcification or Flush with 20 % ethanoic acid. Operator


flow too low. deposits. Dismantle and clean machine if necessary.
Soften operating liquid.

Incorrect display Check measuring devices and calibrate if Operator


of measuring necessary.
devices.

Discharge Check system. Operator


pressure too high.

Gap losses too Correct gap between impeller and port plate: Operator/Service
high (backflow of Open inspection cover if installed.
gases/vapors Check gap between impeller and port plate.
through gap If gap is too large: Reduce length of housing.
between impeller (Dismantle machine. Turn housing shorter.)
and port plate).

Inlet pressure too Check system. Increase inlet pressure if Operator


low. necessary.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 123 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Servicing

Fault Cause Remedy Carried out by

Inside leak. Dismantle machine. Check sealing surfaces. Operator


Check material for resistance. In case of
corrosion, replace affected parts.

Valve plates of Replace valve plates. Operator


port plates
defective.

Inlet side leaky. Check seal on inlet flange. Check seal on inlet- Operator
side inspection cover. Replace if necessary.

Stuffing box Tighten stuffing box gland until a maximum of 1 to Operator


leaky. 2 drops of liquid escape per second.

Check condition of stuffing box packing. Replace Operator


stuffing box packing if necessary.

Insufficient Increase volumetric flow of operating liquid. Operator


operating liquid.
Increase feed pressure of operating liquid. Operator

Operating liquid Increase volumetric flow of operating liquid. Operator


temperature too
high. Cool operating liquid. Operator

Max. permissible Eliminate unnecessary throttle points (closed Operator


pressure lines, incorrectly adjusted gate valves etc.) on
difference inlet and/or discharge side.
exceeded.

Housing too Insufficient Increase volumetric flow of operating liquid. Operator


hot. operating liquid.
Increase feed pressure of operating liquid. Operator

Operating liquid Increase volumetric flow of operating liquid. Operator


temperature too
high. Cool operating liquid. Operator

Bearing too Too much grease Remove excess grease. Operator


hot. in bearing.

Axial forces in Align machine more exactly. Operator


coupling.

For drive via belt Reduce belt tension. Operator


gear unit:
Belt tension too
high.

Bearing soiled. Clean or replace bearing. Check seals. Operator

Ambient Use high-temperature grease. Operator


temperature
higher than 40 C
[104 F].

Lubrication Lubricate according to specifications. Operator


insufficient.

Bearing is Replace bearing. Check seals. Operator


corroded.

Bearing Lubrication Lubricate according to specifications. Operator


whistles. insufficient.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 124 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Servicing

Fault Cause Remedy Carried out by

Bearing is Replace bearing. Check seals. Operator


corroded.

Bearing Wear on bearing Replace bearing. Operator


knocks. running surfaces.

Scoring Replace bearing. Prevent jolts while at standstill. Operator


(damage on
bearing running
surfaces due to
jolts while at
standstill).

Rotor Deposits from Loosen rotor mechanically: Operator


jammed. operating liquid Loosen mounting screws of guide bearing,
while at standstill. remove compensating washers and screw off
cover of guide bearing.
Move rotor back and forth by striking lightly
with a lead hammer on both faces of shaft.
Turn rotor manually with suitable aids.
Then remount or secure parts originally
removed or loosened.

Simultaneous Clean/decalcify machine. Operator


feeding of solid
materials:

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 125 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Servicing

11.4 Spare parts

11.4.1 Ordering manufacturer's spare parts Serial number ("No N"), 12-digit,
and year of manufacture
When ordering manufacturer's spare parts,
(as per rating plate, Fig. 39, Pg. 126)
always indicate the following:
Part item number, 4-digit (xx.xx)
(as per parts list for exploded view,
Option 1: Chapter 14, "Exploded View and Cross-
Sectional Diagram with Parts List", Pg. 132)
If you have a separately delivered, detailed
parts list with the title "Teileliste / Parts List", Example of an order:
the following information is sufficient:
2BE3 500-2BY3-Z F62 = Type
Spare-part order number, 7 or 10-digit designation
(as per separately delivered, detailed parts No N 750025010001 / 2001 = Serial
list with the title "Teileliste / Parts List") number/year of
manufacture
Example of an order: 30.01 = Part item #
Port plate for driving side = Part
S835072 = Spare-part designation
order number
Port plate for driving side = Part All parts of the parts list for the exploded view
designation are available from the manufacturer under the
corresponding item number.
See Chapter 14, "Exploded View and Cross-
Option 2: Sectional Diagram with Parts List", Pg. 132.
If you only have these operating instructions,
the following, more extensive information is
required: When making inquiries, the serial number
(No N) of the machine must be specified as per
the rating plate (Fig. 39, Pg. 126).
Type designation ("Type"), complete with all
additional information
(as per rating plate, Fig. 39, Pg. 126)

nash_elmo Industries GmbH


Typ/Type: 2BE3 500-2BY3-Z
F62
No N- 750025010001 / 2001
Vogelweiherstr 1-15
D-90441 NRNBERG
Made in Germany

Fig. 39: Rating plate


Top view of machine with position of rating plate and rating plate as detail.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 126 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Servicing

11.4.2 Ordering standardized parts 11.5 Service/After-sales service


Commercially available standardized parts can Our Service is available for work (in particular
be purchased on the open market. the installation of spare parts, as well as
When doing so, observe the information in the maintenance and repair work), not described in
parts list exactly, especially the design, these operating instructions (see front page of
dimensions, property class etc. these operating instructions).

Observe the following when returning


11.4.3 Important spare parts machines:
Before shipping:
Some parts of the machine are subject to
Drain the machine so that it is residue-
particularly heavy wear. They must therefore
free,
be replaced relatively frequently.
as described in Chapter 10.1, "Draining",
To ensure that the replacement is carried out
Pg. 92.
quickly and smoothly, we recommend that the
Clean the machine on the inside and
operator keep a stock of these parts.
outside,
as described in Chapter 11.2.1,
The following parts are concerned:
"Cleaning", Pg. 103.
Part Part Designation The machine must be delivered complete,
Item No. i.e. not dismantled.
15.01 Stuffing box gland A declaration of clearance must be included
15.02 Sealing-water distribution ring with the shipment,
as described in Chapter 11.6,
22.01 Shaft bushing
"Decontamination and Declaration of
22.03 O-ring Clearance", Pg. 128.
37.02 Valve plate The original rating plate of the machine
50.09 Axial shaft sealing ring, inside
must be properly mounted, intact and
legible.
50.10 Axial shaft sealing ring, outside All warranty claims are voided for machines
*) Mechanical seal insert delivered for a damage expertise without
the original rating plate or with a destroyed
*) Ordering information: original rating plate.
See documentation of mechanical seal manufacturer. In case of warranty claims, the
manufacturer must be informed of the
conditions of use, operating duration etc.
and on request provided with additional
details if necessary.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 127 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Servicing

11.6 Decontamination and Declaration of This ensures


Clearance that the machine has not come into contact
with dangerous substances,
that a machine that has come into contact
WARNING with dangerous substances has been
sufficiently decontaminated,
Danger from flammable, caustic or toxic that the inspection, maintenance or repair
substances! personnel can take the required protective
measures if necessary.
To protect the environment and persons, the
following applies:
Machines which have come into contact with
NOTICE
dangerous substances must always be
The inspection/maintenance/ repair of the
decontaminated before being passed on to a
machine at the workshop will not be begun
workshop!
until the declaration of clearance has been
received!
A so-called Declaration of Clearance must be If the declaration of clearance is not included
included with each machine that is given to a with the shipment,
workshop for inspection, maintenance or delays may result!
repair.

The declaration of clearance


is provided as a pre-printed form for
photocopying in Chapter 16, "Form for
Declaration of Clearance", Pg. 138,
is legally binding,
must be filled out and signed by authorized,
qualified personnel,
must be issued for each machine sent in
(i.e. a separate declaration for each
machine),
must be attached outside on the packing of
the machine,
should be sent as a copy by fax to the
workshop conducting the work prior to
shipment.

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Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Disposal

12 Disposal
12.1 General information Removing coating with heat:
Propane burners or infrared radiators are
The main components of the machine consist
generally used as a heat source.
of non-alloyed and/or alloyed iron and steel
The component is heated from the steel
materials.
side until the adhesive layer between the
Some components (such as valve plates, seals
hard rubber and the steel is destroyed.
etc.) consist of non-metallic materials.
After cooling the remaining hard rubber is
mechanically separated and removed.
For exact information on the materials, see the
separately delivered, detailed parts list
("Teileliste / Parts List"). Removing coating with high-pressure
Use it to determine the necessary measures water jet:
for disposal in accordance with the respective Here water from nozzles is shot at the lining
applicable national and local regulations. at a pressure of 800 to 1,500 bar [11,603 to
21,756 psi]. This destroys or peels off the
lining.
12.2 Components with lining Disadvantage: Compared to the other
processes, this method is relatively labor-
intensive, and therefore less economical.
Melting down
Component with a hard rubber lining can
Disposal of hard rubber residues
normally be completely melted down again
without problems. After removing the coating the hard rubber
residues must be disposed of.
For information: Depending on contamination by the process at
Sulfur results in the process. However, it is the operator's plant, the residues must be
bound during steel production by adding either deposited at a household waste dump or
calcium. at a toxic waste dump.

Removing coating
If the hard rubber lining is to be removed, you
have the following options:

Removing coating in pyrolysis systems:


The component is heated in a hermetically
sealed chamber to 400 to 500 C [750 to
930 F]. This decomposes the hard rubber.
Sulfur gases are produced. These are
burned in the thermal post-combustion
system and in freed of pollutants in the
exhaust-gas cleaning process of the
pyrolysis system.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 129 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Accessories

13 Accessories

Additional information is available on request


from the Service Department.
3
NOTICE
2 1 To prevent faults, no valves or non-return
fittings may be installed between the machine
and the liquid separator!
5
Mounting
See Fig. 40.
2 1 If the machine has been ordered with a
liquid separator from the factory, the liquid
separator is already mounted on the
Fig. 40: Accessories: Liquid separator and
discharge connection on delivery.
Y-pipe
1 Inlet connection Connect discharge pipe to Item 4 (flange
2 Discharge connection on).
3 Y-pipe (connection for inlet pipe) Connect discharge pipe for separated
4 Liquid separator (connection for discharge pipe) operating liquid to Item 5 (flange on).
5 Liquid separator (connection for discharge pipe
of separated operating liquid)
NOTICE

13.1 Liquid separator When connecting the pipes, observe the


specifications in Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical
In the liquid separator the operating liquid data",
pushed out via the discharge connection is
separated from the pumped gases/vapors and Section "Tightening torques for screw
drained off. connections", Pg. 27,
Section "Forces and torques on flanges",
The liquid separator is available as follows: Pg. 28.
as an accessory part from nash_elmo,
as a purchased part from other
manufacturers,
from the operator's own production.

For connections with liquid separator, see:


Connection with top-mounted liquid
separator,
Fig. 12, Pg. 57
Connection with top-mounted liquid
separator and self-regulating operating-
liquid circuit,
Fig. 14, Pg. 58
Connection with side separator,
Fig. 15, Pg. 58
Connection for several machine with shared
liquid tank,
Fig. 16, Pg. 59
Connection for several machine with raised
liquid tank,
Fig. 17, Pg. 59

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 130 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Accessories

13.2 Y-pipe
The Y-pipe connects the two inlet connection
or the two discharge connection to each other.
In this way the feed or discharge of the
pumped gases/vapors only takes place via one
pipe.

Mounting
See Fig. 40.
(Please note: The illustration shows an
example of mounting on the inlet connection.
Mounting on the discharge connection is also
possible.)
If the machine has been ordered with a
Y-pipe from the factory, the Y-pipe is
already mounted on the connection (inlet
connection or discharge connection) on
delivery.
Connect pipe (inlet pipe or discharge pipe)
to Item 3 (flange on).

NOTICE
When connecting the pipes, observe the
specifications in Chapter 4.1, "Mechanical
data",
Section "Tightening torques for screw
connections", Pg. 27,
Section "Forces and torques on flanges",
Pg. 28.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 131 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List

14 Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List


14.1 Parts list
Part Part Designation Part Part Designation Part Part Designation
Item No. Item No. Item No.
10.01 Impeller 37.05 Liquid thread locking 50.01 Bearing housing, driving side
compound, normally
10.02 Shaft separable 50.02 Bearing housing, non-driving
side
10.03 Feather key, DIN 6885 37.06 Liquid thread locking
compound, difficult to 50.03 Bearing cover, driving side,
15.01 Stuffing box gland inside
separate
15.02 Sealing-water distribution ring 50.04 Bearing cover, non-driving
40.01 End shield
side, inside
15.03 Stuffing box packing
40.02 Inspection cover
50.05 Bearing cover, driving side,
15.04 Hexagon bolt
40.06 Blind flange outside
15.05 Washer Access to "increased
volumetric flow of operating 50.06 Bearing cover, non-driving
15.06 Plug for shaft seal with liquid" ("increased cooling") side, outside
external sealant supply
40.07 Gasket 50.07 Grease slinger
15.07 Thread sealing compound
40.09**) Blind flange 50.08 Taper roller bearing
22.01 Shaft bushing (inlet side, top)
50.09 Axial shaft sealing ring, inside
22.02 Feather key 40.10**) Blind flange
50.10 Axial shaft sealing ring,
(inlet side, bottom)
22.03 O-ring outside
40.11**) Blind flange
22.04 Cap screw with Allen head 50.11 Hexagon bolt
(discharge side, bottom)
22.05 Liquid thread locking 50.12 Cap screw with Allen head
40.12**) Blind flange
compound, normally (discharge side, top) 50.13 Hexagon bolt
separable
40.13 Gasket 50.14 Threaded pin
22.07 Sealing compound for
installation 40.14 Hexagon bolt 50.15 Flat grease nipple
30.01 Port plate, driving side 40.15 Hexagon bolt 50.16 Compensating washer
30.02 Port plate, 40.16 Hexagon bolt 50.17 Lubricating grease
non-driving side
40.17 Hexagon nut 50.18 Liquid thread locking
30.03 Cap screw with Allen head compound, normally
40.19 Plug for "increased volumetric
separable
30.04 Spring-type straight pin flow of operating liquid"
("increased cooling") 50.28 Plug
30.05 Spring-type straight pin
40.20 Plug for complete draining 50.29 Felt ring
30.06 Sealing compound for
installation 40.21 Plug for connecting pressure 56.01 Y-pipe,
gauges inlet side
30.11) O-ring
40.22 Plug for shaft seal with 56.02 Gasket
35.01*) Housing without/with partition internal sealant supply
(removal of sealing liquid from 56.03 Hexagon bolt
35.02 Tie-rod
interior of machine)
56.04 Stud bolt
35.03 Hexagon nut
40.23 Sealing compound for
installation 56.05 Hexagon nuts
35.04 Washer
40.24 Thread sealing compound 60.01 Liquid separator
35.05 Sealing compound for
housing 60.02 Gasket
48.011) Blind flange for partial
35.06) O-ring draining 60.03 Hexagon bolt
37.01 Intercepting plate 48.021) Welding neck flange 60.04 Stud bolt
1
37.02 Valve plate 48.03 ) Hexagon bolt 60.05 Hexagon nut
37.03 Threaded spacer pin 48.041) Hexagon nut
*) Depending on model.
37.04 Hexagon nut 48.051) Gasket **) Depending on position of gas entry
and exit.
48.061) Sealing and locking 1
) Only with partial draining F68.
compound
) Only with model F01.

Type and size of commercially available standardized parts are specified in the respective separately provided, detailed parts list
("Teileliste / Parts List").

AS = D = driving side
BS = N = non-driving side

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Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List

14.2 Exploded view

48.04
48.02
48.05
40.01 40.02 / 40.23
48.01 40.14 40.22 / 40.24
40.13 40.21 / 40.24
15.06 / 15.07
48.03 / 30.03
48.06
35.03
35.04
40.16
60.01 37.04 / 37.05 40.15
37.01
37.02
40.14
37.03 / 37.06 40.02 / 40.23
40.06
40.07
40.17 40.19 / 40.24
30.04
40.20 / 40.24
40.13
56.05 40.10
60.05 40.16
60.05

35.01*/ 35.05
60.02 35.02 40.17
56.05 30.02 / 30.06
60.04 56.01 50.06 50.12
56.02 50.13
56.04 30.05 50.15
56.05 50.02
50.14 / 50.18
10.01 50.16
50.07
60.03 22.04 / 22.05 50.08 / 50.17
60.05
22.03 / 22.07 50.11
22.01 50.04 / 50.29
50.09 50.28
56.03 22.02 50.12
15.02
10.02
10.03
37.03 / 37.06 30.04 15.04 50.10
37.02 15.05 50.06
37.01 15.01
15.03
37.04 / 37.05
40.01
40.22 / 40.24

22.01 22.03 / 22.07


22.04 / 22.05 D N
40.16 22.02
40.11
40.13
35.04
35.03
15.03
40.21 / 40.24
40.17
15.06 / 15.07 40.17 30.01 / 30.06 15.01
30.03 30.05 15.05
15.04
40.02 / 40.23
40.14 40.13
40.10
40.16 50.14 / 50.18 15.02

40.15 50.15
40.06 50.01 50.09
40.07 50.03 / 50.29
40.19 / 40.24 50.08 / 50.17
40.20 / 40.24 50.13
50.05 50.07
40.02 / 40.23
40.14 50.12
50.10
50.11
50.28

Fig. 41: Exploded view of entire machine


L_900 Vacuum Pumps 2BE3 30. to 2BE3 72.
(Example: Top gas outlet, partial draining F68. Delivered version may differ in some details)

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 133 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List

50.09
50.03 / 50.29
50.08 / 50.17
50.14 / 50.18
50.07

50.15
50.01 50.13 50.12
50.13 50.15
50.02
50.14 / 50.18
50.16 50.10
50.05
50.07 50.06
50.12
50.11
50.10
50.08 / 50.17 50.28

50.28 50.04 / 50.29


50.11 50.09

50.13
50.15 50.12
50.02 50.06
50.14 / 50.18
50.16
50.07
50.08 / 50.17 50.11
50.28
50.04 / 50.29
50.09

A A
50.10

50.09
B B

10 mm
[0.394"]

C
C
I II

Fig. 42: Exploded view of bearing inserts


I Installing axial shaft sealing ring, outside
II Installing axial shaft sealing ring, inside

A Installing auxiliary washer


B grease-free
C greased

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 134 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List

14.3 Cross-sectional diagram

35.03/35.04 40.01 40.01

D 30.04

30.01/30.06 22.03/22.07 35.02 10.01 35.01/35.05


30.02/30.06
22.03/22.07
30.04 35.03/35.04
N
40.22/40.24
40.22/40.24
30.03
15.06/15.07
50.28 22.02/22.04/22.05
30.03
22.02/22.04/22.05
22.01
50.15
50.15
50.16 50.13
50.13
50.01 50.02
50.12 50.12
10.02 50.10
2
50.07/50.14/50.18
1 50.06

10.03 10.03
50.07/50.14/50.18 2 1 50.10
50.05 50.06
50.11
50.28 50.28
50.29
50.11 50.04 50.09 50.08/50.17
50.08/50.17 15.04/15.05
50.29 50.09 37.01 15.01
50.03
37.04/37.05 15.03
37.02
15.02
37.03/37.06

40.15

40.06/40.07 40.15
(35.06) 3 40.06/40.07
(30.11) 3
35.01/35.05

40.22/40.24 40.22/40.24 30.05


40.16/40.17
40.16/40.17
40.12/40.13

D N
(40.09/40.13) (40.09/40.13) 40.12/40.13

(N2.01) N1.0 N1.0 (N2.01)


40.21/40.24 40.21/40.24
40.21/40.24 40.21/40.24
40.16/40.17
40.16/40.17
N2.0 (N1.01) (N1.01) N2.0
40.10/40.13 40.10/40.13 (40.11/40.13)
(40.11/40.13) 40.02/40.23
40.02/40.23 40.02/40.23 40.02/40.23
40.14 40.14 40.14 40.14
(40.19/40.24) (40.18/40.24) (40.19/40.24)
40.15
(40.18/40.24) 40.15
40.06/40.07 40.20/40.24 40.06/40.07
40.20/40.24

Fig. 43: Cross-sectional diagram of entire machine


c Basic design of shaft seal: Stuffing box.
d Special design of shaft seal: Mechanical seal.
e Special design with O-ring seal between housing port plate end shield. Only with ordering addition "F01".
f Special design with second shaft end on non-driving side. Only with ordering addition "F66".

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 135 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Exploded View and Cross-Sectional Diagram with Parts List

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 136 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Manufacturer's Declaration

15 Manufacturer's Declaration

Manufacturer's Declaration
in accordance with Machinery Directive 98/37/EC, Article 4 Paragraph 2

Manufacturer: nash_elmo Industries GmbH


Katzwanger Strae 150
90461 Nrnberg, Germany

Product designation: Liquid-Ring Vacuum Pump,


Series L_900,
Types 2BE3 30 to 2BE3 72

The designated product complies with the provisions of the following European Directives:
98/37/EC Machinery Directive

The conformity with these Directives is proven by complete adherence to the following standards:

Harmonized standards:
DIN EN 292-1 Safety of machinery; Basic concepts, general principles for design;
Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology
DIN EN 292-2 Safety of machinery; Basic concepts, general principles for design;
Part 2: Technical principles and specifications
DIN EN 294 Safety of machinery; Safety distances to prevent danger zones from being reached
by the upper limbs
DIN EN 563 Safety of machinery; Temperatures of touchable surfaces; Ergonomics data to
establish temperature limit values for hot surfaces
DIN EN 626-1 Safety of machinery; Reduction of risk to health from hazardous substances
emitted by machinery;
Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers
DIN EN 1012-2 Compressors and vacuum pumps; Safety requirements;
Part 2: Vacuum pumps

Commissioning is prohibited until it has been determined that the machine or system in which the product is to
be installed complies with the provisions of the directive.
Confirmation is provided by presenting the Declaration of Conformity and applying the CE marking.

nash_elmo Industries GmbH


Nrnberg, 2002-09-05

(pp Erich Michael Wenzel, Management) (pp Dr. Uwe Seidel, Director of Development)

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 137 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Form for Declaration of Clearance

16 Form for Declaration of Clearance

Declaration of clearance for the disassembly


of vacuum pumps/compressors

When returning the pump-motor unit/the machine for repair and/or maintenance purposes,
complete, sign and enclose this declaration.
The repair and/or maintenance of the returned pump-motor unit/machine in the workshop
will only be carried out if this declaration has been completed, signed and enclosed. Each
pump-motor unit/machine must be accompanied by a separate declaration.
The declaration must be attached to the outside of the packaging. In addition, prior to
shipment a copy of the declaration should be forwarded to the workshop in charge, e.g. by
fax.
This declaration may only be completed by authorized and qualified personnel of the
operator.

Information on the operator:


Company/Department/Institute:
Address:
Postal/Zip code, city:
Contact person:
Position:
Phone:
Fax:

Information on the pump-motor unit/machine:


Product designation:
Type:
Serial number (No E/No N):
Reason for the return of the
pump-motor unit/machine:

The pump-motor unit/machine designated above and returned by the undersigned*)


has not come in contact with hazardous substances.
was used for the following
applications

and has come in contact with the following substances which are subject to compulsory
marking or are detrimental to health:
Trade name: Chemical designation: Properties
(e.g. toxic, flammable,
corrosive, radioactive):

*)
Check where applicable

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 138 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Form for Declaration of Clearance

Prior to shipment the pump-motor unit/machine has been completely drained, purged and
cleaned thoroughly both inside and outside according to the operating instructions.
Special safety precautions are not necessary for further handling.
The following safety precautions are required for further handling:

Safety data sheets in accordance with the relevant national and local codes and regulations
are enclosed.

Legally binding declaration


We hereby affirm that the statements given in this declaration are correct and complete and that I,
the undersigned, am capable of judging this. We are aware that we are liable to the contractor for
any damage arising from incomplete or incorrect statements. We undertake to hold the contractor
harmless from third party damage claims arising from incomplete or incorrect statements. We are
aware that - irrespective of this declaration - we are directly liable to third parties, in particular to the
personnel of the contractor in charge of the handling as well as the repair/maintenance of the unit.

Place, date: Name:

Company stamp: Signature:

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 139 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Index

Index

A D
Accessories........................................... 80, 130 D side .............................................................. 7
After-Sales Service ................................. 1, 127 Damage........................................................... 8
Ambient air.................................................... 38 DANGER ......................................................... 8
Ambient conditions........................................ 38 Data, technical............................................... 18
Ambient temperature .................................... 38 Data, mechanical ..................................... 18
Operating conditions ................................ 31
Automatic lubricating device ....................... 120
Decalcifying ................................................. 105
Declaration of Clearance.....................128, 138
B
Decontamination .................................128, 138
back to back.................................................. 51 Definitions........................................................ 8
Base frame.................................................... 60 Delivery scope............................................... 56
Bearings........................................................ 53 Design ........................................................... 39
Dimensions.................................................... 18
C
Connections (as per ANSI) ...................... 23
Connections (as per DIN) ........................ 22
CAUTION........................................................ 8
Edges and Distances ............................... 19
Cleaning...................................................... 103 Welding neck flange for partial draining... 24
Commissioning ............................................. 83 Directives, European ................................... 137
Preparations for commissioning .............. 85 Discharge connection.................................... 71
Shut-down................................................ 89
Discharge pressure ................................... 7, 31
Start-up .................................................... 87
Compression pressure.............................. 7, 31 Disposal....................................................... 129
Compressor .................................................... 7 Documentation, technical.............................. 56
Connection.................................................... 66 Double mechanical seals .............................. 51
Connection variants of piping .................. 66 Double-acting mechanical seals ................... 51
Partial draining......................................... 66
Pipes/hoses (vacuum pump/compressor) 70 Double-flow structure .................................... 40
Connection for draining and flushing .. 79 Drain mechanical seals ................................. 93
Discharge connection ......................... 71
Inlet connection................................... 71 Draining ......................................................... 92
Operating-liquid port ........................... 74 Drive .............................................................. 64
Sealing liquid connection.................... 75
Requirements for pipes and pipe Drive motor.................................................... 64
connections......................................... 69 Driving side...................................................... 7
Connection for draining and flushing ............ 79
Connection variants ...................................... 56 E
Contents.......................................................... 3
End shields.................................................... 40
Cooling, increased ........................................ 42
European Directives.................................... 137
Cooling, normal............................................. 42
Exploded view ............................................. 132
Coupling........................................................ 64 Bearing inserts ....................................... 134
Crane ............................................................ 55 Entire machine ....................................... 133
External liquid feed........................................ 46
Cross-sectional diagram ............................. 132
Entire machine....................................... 135 External sealant supply ...........................46, 48

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 140 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Index

F Lifting equipment ........................................... 54


Liquid feed, external...................................... 46
Feed pressure
Liquid separator........................................... 130
Operating liquid........................................ 31
Sealing liquid ........................................... 33 Liquid wetting, internal .................................. 46
Filling amount................................................ 25 List of Illustrations............................................ 5
Filter .............................................................. 80 Low-lift platform truck .................................... 55
Forces on flanges ......................................... 28 Lubricating device
Foreseeable misuse...................................... 17 Automatic lubricating device .................. 120
Relubricating device............................... 119
Forklift truck .................................................. 55
Lubricating grease....................................... 117
Foundation blocks......................................... 62
Lubrication................................................... 117
Funnel ............................................... 68, 73, 79

M
G
Machine........................................................... 7
Gases/vapors, pumped................................. 31
Machine set ..................................................... 7
Gases/vapors, to be transported .................. 17
Machinery Directive..................................... 137
Pressure................................................... 31
Temperature ............................................ 31 Maintenance................................................ 102
Types ....................................................... 31
Manual lifting ................................................. 54
Gear unit ....................................................... 64
Manufacturer ................................................... 1
Glossary.......................................................... 7
Manufacturer's Declaration ......................... 137

H Manufacturer's spare parts.......................... 126


Material.......................................................... 25
Hair net............................................................ 9
Mechanical data ............................................ 18
Housing........................................................ 40
Mechanical seals.....................................30, 47
Humidity, relative .......................................... 38 Mechanical seals, double-acting (double
mechanical seals) ............................... 51
I Mechanical seals, single-acting (single
mechanical seals) ............................... 49
Injuries............................................................. 8 Misuse, .......................................................... 17
Inlet connection............................................. 71 Models........................................................... 17
Inlet pressure ............................................ 7, 31
Inlet temperature........................................... 31 N
Inspection.................................................... 100 N side .............................................................. 7
Installation............................................... 56, 60 Neutralizing ................................................. 107
Installing on base frame........................... 60 Noise level..................................................... 26
Installing on foundation blocks ................ 62
Intended Use................................................. 17 Non-driving side .............................................. 7

Internal liquid wetting .................................... 46 Non-return fitting............................................ 80

Internal sealant supply .................................. 48 NOTE .............................................................. 8


NOTICE........................................................... 8
L
O
Leakage ................................................ 87, 108
sudden increase .................................... 111 Operating conditions ..................................... 31
Lifting belt...................................................... 55 Operating Instructions ............................... 9, 17

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 141 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Index

Operating liquid................................. 17, 31, 41 S


Cooling, increased ................................... 42
Cooling, normal........................................ 42 Safety .............................................................. 8
Feed pressure.......................................... 31
Temperature ............................................ 31 Safety alert symbol.......................................... 8
Types ....................................................... 31 Safety boots .................................................... 9
Volumetric flow .................................. 31, 32
Safety equipment, personal ............................ 9
Operating method ......................................... 39
Safety helmet .................................................. 9
Operating personnel ..................................... 17
Safety precautions .......................................... 9
Operating-liquid port ..................................... 74
Screw connections ........................................ 27
Operation ...................................................... 90
Sealing liquid ...............................17, 33, 43, 48
Ordering spare parts ................................... 126
External sealant supply ............................ 48
Important spare parts............................. 127 Feed pressure .......................................... 33
Manufacturer's spare parts .................... 126 Internal sealant supply ............................. 48
Standardized parts................................. 127 Temperature............................................. 33
Output ........................................................... 26 Types ....................................................... 33
Volumetric flow...................................34, 35
with external liquid feed (external sealant
P supply)................................................. 46
with internal liquid wetting ........................ 46
Part item numbers....................................... 132
Sealing liquid connection .............................. 75
Partial draining .... 57, 58, 59, 66, 68, 70, 72, 84
Seals
Parts list ...................................................... 132
Mechanical seals...................................... 30
Personal safety equipment ............................. 9 Seepage liquid............................................... 46
Pipes/hoses (vacuum pump/compressor) .... 70 Service ....................................................1, 127
Preparations for commissioning ................... 85 Servicing........................................................ 98
Pressure Servicing personnel....................................... 17
Compression pressure......................... 7, 31
Shaft seals..................................................... 44
Discharge pressure.............................. 7, 31
Feed pressure.................................... 31, 33 Mechanical seals................................30, 47
Inlet pressure ....................................... 7, 31 Stuffing boxes ............................30, 45, 108
Operating liquid........................................ 31 Types .................................................29, 44
pumped gases/vapors ............................. 31 Shut-down ..................................................... 89
Sealing liquid ........................................... 33
Shutting down..........................................91, 95
Test pressure....................................... 7, 31
Protective gloves............................................. 9 Sieve ............................................................. 80
pumped gases/vapors................................... 17 Sight glass.........................................68, 73, 79
Pressure................................................... 31 Signal words.................................................... 8
Temperature ............................................ 31 CAUTION ................................................... 8
Types ....................................................... 31 DANGER.................................................... 8
Pumped gases/vapors .................................. 31 NOTE ......................................................... 8
NOTICE...................................................... 8
Pump-motor unit ............................................. 7
WARNING.................................................. 8
Single mechanical seals................................ 49
Q
Single-acting mechanical seals..................... 49
Qualified personnel ..................................... 7, 9 Single-stage structure ................................... 40
Speed ............................................................ 26
R
Standardized parts ...................................... 127
Relubricating device.................................... 119 Standards .................................................... 137
Repairs........................................................ 122 Standstill, longer......................................91, 95
Residual risks................................................ 15 Start-up.......................................................... 87

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 142 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


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Index

Storage conditions ........................................ 97 Troubleshooting........................................... 122


Structure ....................................................... 40
Double-flow structure............................... 40 U
Single-stage structure.............................. 40
Stuffing boxes ................................. 30, 45, 108 Use, intended ................................................ 17
Adding to stuffing box packing............... 112
Adjusting stuffing boxes......................... 108 V
Replacing stuffing box packing.............. 114
Vacuum pump ................................................. 7
T Volume .......................................................... 25

Technical data............................................... 18 Volumetric flow


Mechanical data....................................... 18 Operating liquid ..................................31, 32
Operating conditions................................ 31 Sealing liquid......................................34, 35
Technical documentation .............................. 56
W
Temperature
Environment............................................. 38 WARNING ....................................................... 8
Inlet temperature...................................... 31
Weight ...................................................25, 144
Operating liquid........................................ 31
pumped gases/vapors ............................. 31 Welding neck flange for partial draining.68, 70,
Sealing liquid ........................................... 33 72
Test pressure ............................................ 7, 31
Tightening torques ........................................ 27 Y
Torque on flanges ......................................... 28 Y-pipe .......................................................... 131
Transport and Handling ........................ 54, 144
Handling by means of lifting equipment... 54
Manual handling ...................................... 54

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 143 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003
Transport instructions

Transport instructions

WARNING
Improper handling of the machine during
transport can result in serious or even fatal
injuries!
Read operating instructions,
especially the following chapters:
Chapter 2, "Safety", Pg. 8,
Chapter 6, "Transport and Handling",
Pg. 54.
The information provided on this page only
represents a short version of the specified
chapters and cannot replace these!

Lifting machine sets or machines mounted on


base plates

Lifting individual machines


Possibilities for attaching and routing the lifting belts
... on machines without accessories
... on machines with attached separators and Y-pipes

Weight
Type 2BE3 ... 30. 32. 40. 42. 50. 52. 60. 62. 67. 72.
Weight (individual
machine)
without operating liquid
... without accessories
in tons 1.5 t 1.9 t 2.9 t 3.3 t 5.4 t 6.0 t 8.2 t 9.1 t 11.4 t 14.2 t
in short tons 1) 1.7 2.1 3.3 3.6 6.0 6.6 9.0 10.0 12.6 15.7
sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn
... with separator and
Y-pipe
in tons 1.8 t 2.3 t 3.4 t 3.9 t 6.2 t 6.8 t 9.2 t 10.2 t 12.7 t 15.7 t
in short tons 1) 2.0 2.5 3.8 4.3 6.8 7.5 10.1 11.2 14.0 17.3
sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn sh tn
1)
1 sh tn = 2,000 lbs

nash_elmo Industries GmbH 144 / 144 Order No.: A1B 3327 EN


Subject to changes Edition 04/2003