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Trade unions are associations of workers or organization formed together by labour, workers
or employees to achieve their demands for better conditions at their work atmosphere. The
trade union, is an organization of workers who have joined together to achieve goals in areas
such as wages and working conditions.
These unions exist to deal with problems faced by labourers, these problems may be of any
nature such as those concerning the pay, unfair work rules, timings and so on. All the workers
working under one particular employer is represented by the worker's union. All the
communication that happens in between the employer and the workforce generally takes
place through the union. All of the above trade unions are also liable and responsible for
maintaining discipline and among the workers, core purpose is to see that proper relations or
being maintained in between management and workers and trade union may take disciplinary
action against the workers who ever misbehaves, disturbed peace and harmony in the
workplace and maintenance indiscipline.

Trade unions or labour unions are governed by the different law in different countries, they
should follow the procedure and mode of registration for formation of the trade union
according to the law of the country. Trade union formed in accordance with the law of their
country shall have the privileges given by the law of trade union. With privileges or rights of
the trade union, it should perform certain duties with respect to workers. The Primary purpose
of a trade union is collective bargaining. In India trade unions can be formed only the persons
engaged in trade or business can form trade unions.

Every registered trade union according to the law of trade union shall have
certain functions for achievement of certain objectives which are mentioned in details further.
The primary object you of the trade union is to protect the interests of the workers and
exploitation against him by Management or employer. In addition to this, it is the
responsibility and duty of every trade union to support management for its functioning and
contribute to organisation or company by way of encouraging workers in a positive way for
the improvement of overall efficiency of organisation.


The research methodology adopted in this research project is that of analytical methodology
and is descriptive in nature. The research is done by analysing various articles, journals and
various online sources.


In this project, the researcher deals about the function, objective of trade union. The roles of
trade union practised in different countries (India, UK, and Canada to be dealt in this project)
and the structure of trade union is analysed by the researcher. The objective of this research
project is to provide a deeper and clarified analysis on the functioning and the effectiveness
of trade union in UK, India and Canada. The evolution of trade union laws are also discussed.
The legislation regulating trade unions in India is the Indian Trade Unions Act, 1926. The
Legislation regulating trade unions in UK is Trade Union Act 1871 are analysed in this


1. Does the law enforced in countries such as UK, India and Canada aided the
employees effectively?
2. How far the employees benefitted by the development of trade unions?
3. Whether there is any similarity or difference among trade unions in UK, India and
4. Whether the rights given to the employees is appropriate or not?


1. Clegg, Hugh Armstrong. The system of industrial relations in Great Britain. Totowa, NJ:
Rowman and Littlefield, 1972.
2. Farnham, David, and John Pimlott. Understanding industrial relations. Burns & Oates, 1995.
3. Selznick, Philip, Philippe Nonet, and Howard M. Vollmer. Law, society, and industrial justice.
Russell Sage Foundation, 1969.
4. Adams, George W. Canadian Labour Law. Vol. 1. Canada Law Book, 1993.
5. Beatty, David M., Donald JM Brown, and Christine E. Deacon. Canadian labour arbitration.
Canada Law Book, 2006.
6. Langille, Brian. "Equal Partnership in Canadian Labour Law"(1983)." Osgoode Hall LJ 21:
7. Arthurs, Harry. "Reinventing labor law for the global economy: The Benjamin Aaron
lecture." Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law 22.2 (2001): 271-294.