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Asset class

Fixed assets are classified into asset classes. Some examples of asset classes could be
vehicles, furniture, or machines.The asset class consists of a master data section and a
depreciation area section. Asset classes are created at client level. They are then assigned to at
least one chart of depreciation, so you can complete the asset class with default values for
your depreciation areas.

Several charts of depreciation can also be assigned to an asset class. This ensures
that the asset class catalog is uniform, despite using different depreciation areas.

The asset class is the main criterion for classifying assets. Each asset is assigned to only one
asset class. You can specify certain control parameters and default values for depreciation
calculation and other master data in each asset class. Assets that are to appear in different
places/balance sheet items (for example, buildings and machines) have to be assigned to
different asset classes. There is also at least one special asset class each for assets under
construction and low value assets. You can also create separate asset classes for intangible
assets and leased assets. There are separate functions available for leasing.

An asset class consists of two main sections:

• A master data section with control data and default values for the administrative data in the
asset master record
• A valuation section with control parameters and default values for valuation and
depreciation terms

When you create asset master records, this data is automatically adopted from the asset class
you specify. By entering useful default values, you can reduce the time and effort needed to
create new asset master records. This will also ensure that the records in a given class are
handled uniformly. It is recommended that you define as many asset classes as you have
assets with different types of valuation. The asset class is a selection criterion in all standard
reports in FI-AA.

An essential function of the asset class is to establish a link between the asset master records
and the accounts to which the related values and depreciation are posted in the general ledger.
You use account determination to control this. The account determination key can be identical
to the account number of the asset balance sheet account in the general ledger (for a small
asset class catalog). If you have several similar asset classes, you can use different account
determination keys for them, although their values are all updated to a single balance sheet
account.

For those depreciation areas that post depreciation to the general ledger, you can assign the
following G/L accounts:
• Ordinary depreciation:
– Accumulated depreciation account
– Expense account
– Revenue from write-up
• Unplanned depreciation:
– Accumulated depreciation account
– Expense account
– Revenue from write-up
• Revaluation of depreciation, interest (in cost-accounting area) if needed.