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Smart test devices for reliable electric power systems

Circuit Breaker Maintenance and


Testing
Maid Dzambic Applications engineer

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Circuit Breaker Test Equipment

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Circuit Breaker Testing
What do we want to accomplish?
Get the breaker performance
Main contact resistance
Arcing contact condition
Operation times
Coil currents
Motion parameters
Velocity

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Circuit Breaker Testing
What do we want to accomplish?
Compare with acceptable spec
Keep a printout as a record
Have enough information with each report

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?
Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Source: Siemens
Dynamic resistance measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
First trip
Minimum trip voltage
Undervoltage release

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Timing measurements
Definitions (IEC 62271-100):
Opening time - for a circuit-breaker tripped by any form of auxiliary power, the opening
time is the interval of time between the instant of energizing the opening release, the
circuit-breaker being in the closed position, and the instant when the arcing contacts
have separated in all poles.

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Timing measurements
Definitions (IEC 62271-100):
Closing time - interval of time between energizing the closing circuit, the circuit-
breaker being in the open position, and the instant when the contacts touch in all
poles.

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Timing measurements
Definitions (IEC 62271-100):
3.7.136
Requirement for simultaneity of poles during single
closing and single opening operations

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Timing measurements selection of models

One break per phase


Two breaks per phase
Four breaks per phase

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
DV Power unique advantages

Most powerful built-in micro ohmmeter 500 A


Both Sides Grounded for timing measurement - NEW!

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?
Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Source: Siemens
Dynamic resistance measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
First trip
Minimum trip voltage
Undervoltage release

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Contact (static) resistance measurement

The contact resistance of ideal CB


is zero.
The contact resistance is usually
in range from 30-100
Increased resistance indicates
poor contact.

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Contact (static) resistance measurement - Test currents

IEC56 (IEC62271-100): 50 A I<In


IEEE C 37.09: 100 A I<In
Why high DC current is used?
The higher the current the better accuracy
Pollution of the contact surface

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Contact resistance measurement on Dead Tank

Dead tank circuit breaker


Current transformers impact

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Contact resistance measurement on Dead Tank

Rated contact resistance 100 u


Continuous test current 200 A

Measurement Resistance Resistance after


CT saturation
1. 70 u 100.1 u
2. 80 u 100.3 u
3. 72 u 100.1 u

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Safety Both Sides Grounded

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
RMO series unique advantages

Lightweight & portable 11,5 kg (RMO800G)


Powerful up to 800 A DC
Output voltage up to 5.9 V @ 600 A

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment

RMO200H Handheld Micro Ohmmeter

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
RMO200H unique advantages

Handheld only 0,9 kg / 2.0 lbs.


Powerful up to 220 A DC
Battery supplied
Measuring range 0,1 1000 m
Typical accuracy 0,2 %

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?

Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance Source: Siemens

Dynamic Resistance Measurement


Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
First trip
Minimum trip voltage
Undervoltage release
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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Main and arcing contacts

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement contact system

SF6 circuit breaker contact system consists of


main and arcing contacts

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Circuit Breaker Testing
Dynamic resistance measurement - arcing contacts
wear

Arcing contact wear ~ number of performed standard


operation under rated short circuit current
Life span of CB = number of standard operation

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement - measuring principle

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement - measuring principle

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement - measuring principle

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement Full DRM test
Contact voltage drop and motion measurements
provide calculation of the arcing contact wipe

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement Full DRM test

Damaged moving
arcing contacts

Damaged and
cleaned
contacts

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement case study

Customer (Tauron, Poland) wanted to prove effectiveness of DRM test


DRM test was performed at Zwar 24 kV oil CB
Arcing contacts in good condition

Arcing contact disassembled

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement case study

After disassembling they had intentionally damaged the arcing contact


Damaged arcing contact had been mounted back to CB
DRM test was performed again

Arcing contact damaged

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement case study

DRM results comparison

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Dynamic resistance measurement benefits

DRM can be performed on a fully assembled interrupting


chamber
It is a fast and cost-effective method to inspect the
condition of the equipment

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?

Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Dynamic Resistance Measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
First trip
Minimum trip voltage
Undervoltage release
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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement preparation

Transducer mounting kit:

Clamping base -

Articualted arm -

L carrier -

Coupling -
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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement preparation

Transducer mounting kit:

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement preparation

Transducer
mounting examples:

ABB LTB 245 E1


245 kV SF6

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement preparation

Transducer
mounting examples:

ABB 145 PM 63-20


SF6 145kV

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement preparation

Transducer
mounting examples:

SIEMENS 3AP1FI
245 kV

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement graph analysis

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motion and velocity measurement graph analysis

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Connection to the test object
Motion measurement - Stroke

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Connection to the test object
Motion measurement - Overtravel

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Connection to the test object
Motion measurement - Rebound

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?

Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Dynamic Resistance Measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
First trip
Minimum trip voltage
Undervoltage release

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Motor tests graph analysis

Parameters:
Starting current
Running current
Charging time

Can be used to assess:


Motor condition
Operating mechanism
condition

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?

Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Dynamic Resistance Measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
First trip
Minimum trip voltage
Undervoltage release

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Coil current measurement graph analysis
4. Current is proportional to DC coil
resistance maximum current

3. Plunger hits 5. Auxiliary


buffer contact opens
2. Plunger
begins to
move

1. Coil is 6. Current drops


energized to zero

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?
Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Dynamic Resistance Measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
Minimum trip voltage
First trip

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Coil resistance measurement

Measure coil resistance


IEC 62271-100 ( Section: Mechanical operating tests )

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Coil resistance measurement

SAT30A & SAT40A

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?
Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Dynamic Resistance Measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
Minimum trip voltage
First trip

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
Minimum trip voltage test - MTV

International and national standards such as IEC 56, IEEE


C37.09 etc.
Indicates: mechanical malfunction, etc.

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
SAT series unique advantages

Lightweight & portable 10 kg


Powerful motor output
30 A (20 sec) at 110 V load voltage
15 A (20 sec) at 220 V load voltage
DC / AC motor output
Ripple free (less than 1%)
Coil resistance measurement

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
What can be tested with DV Power devices?
Main circuit
Timing of main contacts operation
Contact (static) resistance
Dynamic Resistance Measurement
Operating mechanism
Motion and velocity
Charging time and motor current
Auxiliary circuit
Timing of auxiliary contacts operations
Coil current waveform
Coil resistance measurement
Supply voltage
Minimum trip voltage
First trip test

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
CAT-P - new solution for First trip test

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
First trip test connection diagram

Information about the latch friction can be obtained from


the coil current waveform recorded during the First trip
test.

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
First trip test - graph

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
CAT-P - new solution for First trip test

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
First trip test graph comparison

Detected lubrication
issues of:
- Trip coil latch

It caused delay in opening


time for 11 ms

Oil CB:
HG 618 C 24 kV

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
OFFLINE test connection diagram

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
DV-Win software power tool for data management

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
DV-Win software power tool for data management

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
DV-Win software results comparison

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DV Power Circuit Breaker Test Equipment
DV-Win software Test report

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Questions ?

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Thank you for your attention!

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