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READING EXERCISE - ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION

By ACHDI MERDIANTO, S. Pd
READING COMPREHENSION ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
TEXT 1
Read the text below to answer question No. 01-05

A RARE PROFESSION
(1) When we ask ourselves who popular heroes in our society are, we often name people in
the field of sports. They are our role models because they have worked so hard to be up there with the
worlds best. It is very useful for us to know how they did this. If we know some of their methods, we
may be able to use them to be successful in our own life.
(2) All the top athletes in the world say that it is very important to be mentally strong for
competition. First of all, it is very important to concentrate on what they are doing. During the
competition, there are crowds of people watching them. Some of the audiences may support you, but
some may not. It is thus very important for a sport person not to think about them, but to focus on the
game. It is unpractical to be so much worried about the crowd because it is something that the
athletes cant control.
(3) Many successful athletes imagine that they are in the competition before the event. This
means that they have prepared things. When it is time for the competition, they seem to know that
they should not worry about losing.
(4) World-class sport people talk to themselves so that they will feel encouraged during the
game. Research has shown that they who encourage themselves win more often than who dont.
(5) Finally, its important how to relax. If you cant calm yourselves, your muscle will be stiff.
(6) Therefore, to be a winning athlete is not easy.

1. What does the text tell above about?


a. The method of being a successful c. Research on athletes
research d. A rare professional
b. Top athletes e. The competition

2. What is the purpose of the text above?


a. To persuade the readers to be appreciative to any athletes
b. To give information about some best athletes
c. To entertain the readers with the story of top athletes
d. T describe about one top athletes in the world
e. To explain how an athlete gain the fame

3. The second paragraph is called?


a. Argument c. Conclusion e. Recommendation
b. Reiteration d. Thesis

4. What is the main idea of the last paragraph above?


a. Your muscle will be stiff
b. To be an athlete is not easy
c. Encouraging yourself during the competition
d. How to be a top athlete
e. To be relax

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READING EXERCISE - ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
By ACHDI MERDIANTO, S. Pd
5. These are correct about the text above, except?
a. It is very important to concentrate on what the athletes are doing.
b. During the competition, there are crowds of people that may support you, but some may
not.
c. It is unpractical to be so much worried about the crowd because it is something that the
athletes cant control.
d. Many successful athletes imagine that they are in the competition before the event so that
that they have prepared things.
e. When it is time for the competition, they seem to know that they should not worry about
the medal.

TEXT 2
Read the text below to answer question No. 06-09

(1) Even when all is going well, being teenager isnt easy. Your body starts going through the
profound changes of puberty. Powerful chemicals called hormones began rushing through you,
making you feel crazy and restless. New kinds of thoughts creep into your mind, and you begin
questioning the values of those around you, the meaning of life and your place in the world. You
want to be liked and loved for who you are and feel good.
(2) But everything isnt going well in our world, so its even harder to grow up. Poverty, drugs
abuse, and all kinds of crimes are ever presents. We are bombarded daily with bad news about war,
disease and environmental destruction. Teenagers at school break into cliques and gangs, group that
are often nasty to those who dont fit in.
(3) In short, our world is a crazy place in which to be a teenager. It is natural to feel crazy in it.

6. The word restless (P.1) has the closest meaning with?


a. Energetic c. Worried e. Tremendous
b. Agitated d. Confused

7. What does the word it (P.3) refers to?


a. The world d. Environmental destruction
b. Teenager e. Bad news
c. Gang

8. These are true based on the text above, except?


a. Being teenager isnt easy because of the profound changes of puberty.
b. Puberty makes teenagers feel crazy and restless.
c. Teenagers are always questioning the values of those around them, the meaning of life and
their place in the world.
d. Some teenagers dont need attention at all form their environment.
e. Some teenagers at school break into cliques and gangs, group that are often nasty to those
who dont fit in.

9. Why the text above is called as Analytical Exposition Text?


a. Because it explain how teens become abusive.
b. Since it describe how the hormones are produced.
c. Because it present some arguments how teen life is.

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READING EXERCISE - ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
By ACHDI MERDIANTO, S. Pd
d. Because it discusses about two points of view of being a productive teen.
e. Since it inform how crazy is our life is.

TEXT 3
Read the text below to answer question No. 10-15

AGRICULTURE
(1) Nowadays, many people have realized that agriculture is much more important that the
supporting tools in economic development in Indonesia, agriculture should be the priority of
development because of some good reasons.
(2) First of all, agricultures contribution in the beginning of the development is high among
other sectors. At present, almost half of total labors in Indonesia are working in agriculture sector,
but the contribution does not reach 30%.
(3) Secondly, agriculture is expected to fulfill the need of food in a country. As a number of
population increase in an alarming rate each year, food supply must also rise. However, in the
developing country, agricultural production increases only one percent each year, and it, for some
cases, is stagnant.
(4) Without agricultural development, the growth of industrial sector will be hampered
because the growth that comes from the industry brings a wider gap into internal economy. In turn,
this will create a serious poverty problem, with inequality of income distribution, and unemployment.
(5) Based on the above discussion, it is obvious that the government should put agricultural
as the priority of national development.

10. Based on the above discussion, it is obvious that the government should put agricultural as the
priority of national development. What is the antonym of the underlined word above?
a. Precedence c. Subsequence e. Supremacy
b. Prime d. Predominance

11. What are the generic structures of the text above?


a. Thesis Arguments Reiteration
b. Thesis Reiteration Recommendation
c. Thesis Arguments Recommendation
d. Thesis Arguments Elaboration
e. Thesis Elaboration Recommendation

12. The third paragraph of the text above argues that?


a. Agriculture should meet the need of food in a country.
b. A number of populations should decrease food supply in a rural area.
c. A number of populations is alarming each year.
d. Agriculture needs a fix rate from the government annually.
e. Food supply and agriculture should be in charge in developing the nation.

13. However, in the developing country, agricultural production increases only one percent each
year, and it, for some cases, is stagnant. The underlined has the similar meaning with?
a. Dynamic c. Moving e. Developing
b. Flat d. Increasing

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READING EXERCISE - ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
By ACHDI MERDIANTO, S. Pd

TEXT 4
Read the text below to answer question No. 14-15

HAVING A PET
By Dwiwarnas Anonymous Student in Batch 17
I believe that having a pet is a good idea because there are several benefits to it, whether
from scientific, emotional and educational reasons. It helps responsibility and the sense of empathy,
it improves overall health and it also boosts my overall mood even when looking at my pets.
In my opinion, having children taking care of the pets from a young age teaches them
responsibility from an earlier age. In the end, they are less self-centered than kids who do not have
pets. Children with learning difficulties also benefit from interacting with pets. A study also stated
that having a dog around when learning increases a childs attention span.
A Cambridge University study concluded that owning a pet improved general health in as
little as one month. It also prevents heart disease by dramatically reducing cholesterol, blood
triglyceride levels and blood pressure. Owning a cat reduces the risk of having a heart attack up to 30
percent, and dogs can also predict seizures and even alert its owner of low blood sugar or
hypoglycemia. Having a pet also indirectly boosts ones physical activity due to exercising and taking
ones pet for walks. Drawing from my personal experiences, I feel that having a pet affects my general
health as I feel better every day after interacting with my pets.
Playing with a pet helps people to relax. Even only its presence can reduce heart rate and
lower blood pressure. This effect is more pronounced with people with hypertension (high blood
pressure), for whom the effects are equal to that gained by switching to a low salt diet or cutting
down on alcohol consumption. Having a pet also gives one the sense of having a companion and
improves overall morale, due to the feeling that one is not alone. As a cat owner, I believe that these
are all true, because after playing with my cats I feel better even when I am feeling gravely dejected.
In conclusion, I believe that it is extremely beneficial to own a pet, whether it a cat or a dog or even a
small critter. It helps us learn to take care of others and also put others interests in front of ours. It
also improves our overall health level as having one is linked to reduced blood pressure and longevity
from heart attacks. In addition, it is highly possible to relax with pets especially after tiring or stressful
days by playing with them.

14. The writer thinks that having a pet is positive because of these reasons, except?
a. It teaches them responsibility from an earlier age.
b. It improves overall health.
c. It boosts ones mood.
d. It prevents heart disease by dramatically reducing cholesterol.
e. It gives one the sense of having a spouse.

15. Based on the writer explanation, hypoglycemia is?


a. Low blood glucose
b. High rate Morale
c. Low internal bleeding
d. Low alcohol consumption
e. High trust on Pet

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