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# WASH WATER STORAGE TANK KWA - VATECH WABAG CRACK WIDTH FOR BENDING AND TENSION

## CALCULATIONS OF CRACK WIDTH FOR COMBINED BENDING AND TENSION

FOR WALL (COMBINED BENDING AND TENSION)
Grade of concrete [FCK] = 30 N/mm2
Grade of steel [FY] = 415 N/mm2
Bending moment [M] = 30 KNm/m
Direct tension [T] = 62 KN/m
Area of tension reinforcement [Ast] = 628 mm2
Area of compression reinforcement [Asc] = 628 mm2
Overall depth of the member [h] = 350 mm
Effective depth [d] = 305 mm
Modular ratio [m] = 9.33
Width of the section [bt] = 1000 mm
Elastic modulus of the reinforcement [Es] = 200000 N/mm2
Clear cover [Cmin] = 40 mm
Effective cover [d'] = 45 mm
Tension steel
Spacing of bar [S] = 150 mm
Bar diameter [f] = 10 mm
Compression steel
Spacing of bar [Sc] = 150 mm
Bar diameter [f] = 10 mm

## To find the depth of neutral axis and Fst

Let the depth of neutral axis be X

## M = Fst[Ast(d - 0.5h)+Asc( 0.5h-d' )(m-1/m)((X-d')/(d -X))+((btxX2x(3h-2X)/(12m(d-X))

X= 41.57 mm
FST = 218.40 N/mm2

## To find crack width:

[ Refer BS 8007 APPENDIX B & IS 456 :2000 ANNEXURE F ]
e1 = Strain at the level considered
From the strain diagram
(h-X)/(d-X) = (e1 / (Fst/Es))
e1 = 0.0012785538
e2 = Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between the cracks

DESIGNED BY:AI
CHECKED BY : MSK page:26
WASH WATER STORAGE TANK KWA - VATECH WABAG CRACK WIDTH FOR BENDING AND TENSION

e2 = 1.5 bt(h-X)(a'-X) /(3EsAst(d-X) Considering 0.1mm crack width (CL B.4(3)BS 8007)
a' = Distance from the compressive face to the point at which the crack width being calculated
a' = 350 mm
e2 = 0.0014375679
Em = Average strain at the level where the cracking is being considered.
Em = e1 - e2 = -0.0001590141
Hence Em: 0
Acr = Distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
To find Acr:
Aa2 = (0.5S)2+(C+0.5F)2
Aa = 87.4642784227
Acr = Aa - 0.5f
Acr = 82.4642784227
To find crack width [ W ]:

## W= 0.0000 less than 0.1mm .

--HENCE SAFE--

DESIGNED BY:AI
CHECKED BY : MSK page:27
A = 1/E [ a ( d - X ) - D ( X - d' ) - b X2
E = 2m(d-X)
a = 2mAst = 11722.66666667
D = 2(m-1)Asc = 10466.66666667

## A = 1/E [-b X2- F X + G ]

F = a + D = 22189.333
G = D d' +a d = 4046413.333333

## B = 1/E [ H (d-X) + I (X-d') +J X2 - KX3]

K = 1/3 b = 333.33333
J = 0.5bh = 175000
I = 2Asc ( 0.5h - d')(m-1) = 1360667
H = 2mAst(d-0.5h) = 1523946.666667
B = 1/E [-KX3 +JX2 + LX +M)
L=I-H= -163280
M = Hd -Id' = 403573733.3333

r= 0.0020667

NX3 -PX2-QX+R
N = kr = 0.6888889
Jr + b = p 1361.6667
Q = Lr +F = 21851.888
R = G-Mr 3212361