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A Study of the Types of Transportation on WMSU Students

Clairole Marie L. Quilantang


Department of Civil Engineering, Western Mindanao State University, Normal Road, Baliwasan,
Zamboanga City, Philippines, 7000
cmquilantang@gmail.com

A Study of the Types of Transportation on WMSU Students

I. Introduction
Transportation fulfills the basic needs of humanity. Transportation plays a major role in the
development of the human civilization. For instance, one could easily observe the strong
correlation between the evolution of human settlement and the proximity of transport facilities. In
other words, the solution to transportation problems must be analytically based, economically
sound, socially credible, environmentally sensitive, practically acceptable and sustainable.
Alternatively, the transportation solution should be safe, rapid, comfortable, convenient,
economical, and ecofriendly for both goods and people. (Mathew and Rao, 2007) Studying
transportation will able to illustrate the conveniently in its modes.
The choice of transport mode is probably one of the most important classic models in transport
planning. This is because of the key role played by public transport in policy making. Public
transport modes make use of road space more efficiently than private transport. Also they have
more social benefits like if more people begin to use public transport, there will be less congestion
on the roads and the accidents will be less. Again in public transport, we can travel with low cost.
In addition, the fuel is used more efficiently. Main characteristics of public transport are that they
will have some particular schedule, frequency etc. On the other hand, private transport is highly
flexible. It provides more comfortable and convenient travel. It has better accessibility also. The
issue of mode choice, therefore, is probably the single most important element in transport
planning and policy making. It affects the general efficiency with which we can travel in urban
areas. It is important then to develop and use models which are sensitive to that travel attributes
that in influence individual choices of mode. (Mathew and Rao, 2007) The choice of types of
transportation of people varies on these factors.
Going to school has changed dramatically over the last 40 years. The change that is most
apparent is the increase in children being driven of their own vehicle to school. In 1969, about 15
percent of school children ages 6 to 12 arrived at school in a private vehicle, in 2001 half of all
school children were driven of their own vehicle to school. One factor underlying this change is
the increased distance children travel to school. Some of the change in distance may be due to
suburbanization and larger school districts. A research also found that safety and security concerns
are significant factors in parents decision to let their children walk to school, especially girls.
Other possible factors impacting the percentage of children biking or walking to school include
the use of before and after school child care, availability of sidewalks, and inclement weather.
Looking at older students, school transportation by students ages 16-18 also shows the
predominance of private vehicle use. (McDonald, 2008) For children and youth, the school
commute is an important source of exposure to the traffic environment. The environment of school
travel is changing. What corresponding changes, if any, have emerged over time in the rates of
deaths and injuries related to school travel by transportation mode?

In the Philippines, taking a public transport the jeepney is the most frequent mode used. This
based on the trending the registration of various types of vehicles with the Land Transportation
Office (LTO) from 1990 to 2010. Today, the LTO is in charge of vehicle registration and issuance
of vehicle operator licenses. The issuance of franchises for land transport operators and regulation
of fare rates is vested in the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB).
This is how the government ensure the safety by giving licenses based on pertinent laws and
regulations. The enactment of the Local Government Code in 1991 devolved some of the functions
vested to the LTFRB to the local governments. The Code has also mandated the decentralization
or transfer of some governmental powers from central to local government units (provinces, cities,
municipalities, and barangays). Among the powers transferred by decentralization included the
power to tax and the regulation of motorcycle-propelled public transportation. The Code
essentially introduced new features of transport management at the local level. Two of these
features are the regulation of tricycles as local means of public transport and the preparation of
land use plans formalized through zoning ordinances. (Romero et. al, 2014) This is how the
government ensure the safety by giving licenses based on pertinent laws and regulations. Thus,
this study focuses in the Philippines modes of transportation on going to school particularly
WMSU (Western Mindanao State University) by random sampling and that makes a concerted
effort to avoid these biases and give voice to the students perspective is an important contribution
to promoting an appreciation for the students choice of transportation.

Problem
This study aims to find out how the WMSU (Western Mindanao State University) students go
to school.

Significance
This study provides information to the reader on how the study will contribute and can be
measured by how important a study is. Due to the variations in commuter student populations, it
is important for each institution to study its commuters, and to use that information to guide policy
and programs, instead of basing decisions on data collected nationwide or at a particular institution.
One of the benefits of this study is in transportation engineering. Transportation engineering is
a very diverse and multidisciplinary field, which deals with the planning, design, operation and
maintenance of transportation systems. Good transportation is that which provides safe, rapid,
comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of both goods
and people. This profession carries a distinct societal responsibility. Transportation planners and
engineers recognize the fact that transportation systems constitute a potent force in shaping the
course of regional development. Planning and development of transportation facilities generally
raises living standards and enhances the aggregate of community values. (Mathew and Rao, 2007)
And be able to recognize the conveniences of the WMSU (Western Mindanao State University)
students by gender and level that for future references they would able to provide their necessities.

Objectives
This study direct towards the objectives, to illustrate and to distinguish the type of transportation
of: (1) female WMSU students (2) male WMSU students (3) elementary WMSU students (4) high
school WMSU students (5) college WMSU students (6) overall WMSU students.

Limitations
In some extent, the population of WMSU (Western Mindanao State University) students were
too large to be surveyed and interviewed. The study only manages a random sampling. It was just
a portion of the population of WMSU (Western Mindanao State University) students whose
elements has equal probability of occurrence.
And the respondents chosen answers to the question, how do you go to school? has a
boundary on its frequency used of that type of transportation going to school.