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Here is the list of various committees and commissions setup in India for various
inquiries and reforms. Lots of questions are asked in GK section in various PSU and
banking exams, therefore its advised that you remember them
List of commissions
1. Palekar Tribunal : Journalists Pay reforms
2. U.C. Banerjee Commission : Enquiry into Godhra carnage (railways)
3. Sarkaria Commission : Centre-State relations
4. Srikrishna Commission : 1992 Bombay riots
5. Thakkar Commission : Indira Gandhi assassination case
6. Phukan Commission & Saharya Committee : Tehelka tapes
7. Malimath Commission : Criminal Justice
8. Upendra Commission : Inquiry on rape and murder Thangjam Manorama Devi
9. Malhotra Committee : Insurance Reforms
10. Janaki Ram Committee : Security scam
11. Ajay Vikram Singh Committee : Faster promotions in army
12. Rajinder Sachar Committee {1} : Companies and MRPT Act
13. Rajindar Sachar Committee {2} : Report on the social, economic and educational
status of the Muslims of India
14. Jyoti Basu Committee : Report on Octroi abolition
15 Balwant Rai Mehta Committee : Recommendations on decentralization system
16. Sawant Committee : Enquiry on corruption, charges against ministers & Anna
Hazare
17. Chelliah Committee : Eradicating black money
18. Kothari Commission : Educational reforms
19. Wanchoo Committee : Tax enquiry
20. Bhanu Pratap Singh Committee : Agriculture
21. Aggarwal Committee : Nepotism in granting petrol pump, LPG connections
22. Rangarajan Committee : Reforms in private sector
23. Naresh Chandra Committee : Corporate governance
24. Chakravarti Committee : Banking sector reforms
25. Rekhi Committee : Structure of indirect taxation
26. G.V.Ramakrishna Committee : Disinvestment in PSU shares
27. Kelkar Committee : First committee on backward castes
28. P.C.Hotha Committee : Restructuring of civil services
29. Justice B.N.Kirpal Committee : 1st chairman National Forest Commission
30. Godbole Committee : Enron Power Project
31. J.C.Kumarappa Committee : Congress agrarian Reforms Committee
32. Swaminathan Committee : Population policy
33. Rangarajan Committee : Statistics
34. Wardha Committee : Inquiry on murder of Graham Staines
35. N.N. Vohra Committee : Criminalization of politics
36. Kelkar Committee {2} : Direct-Indirect Taxes
37. Alagh Committee : Civil Service Examinations
38. Abid Hussain Committee : Recommendations on Small scale industries
39. Narasimham Committee : Banking sector reforms
40. Chelliah Committee : Tax reforms
41. Mashelkar Committee : National Auto Fuel Policy
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42. Boothalingam Committee : Recommendations on integrated wages, income and
price policy
43. Omkar Goswami Committee : Industrial sickness
44. Yashpal Committee : Review of School Education system
45. Ram Nandan Prasad Committee : Constitution of creamy layers among Backward
Castes
46. Kelkar Committee{3} : Enquiry on Kargil defense deals.
47. M.M. Punchhi Commission : Centre-State Relations [note- this committee has been
set up recently- after the sad demise of Justice (Retd.) Sarkaria]
48. Thorat Committee : Caste-based discrimination against students in AIIMS
49. R.K.Raghavan Committee : Ragging in colleges
51. James Lyngdoh Committee- Student politics and student-body elections in colleges.
52. E.M.S. Nachiappan Committee : Reforms in the higher judiciary
53. Soli Sorabjee Committee : Police Reforms [it was constituted after the Judgement
of the Supreme Court in Parkash Singh vs Union of India (2006)]
54. Ganguli Committee : Review of health facility planning and healthcare engineering
and management
55. Percy Mistry Committee : Making Mumbai an IFC (International Financial Centre)
56. K.T. Thomas Committee- to look into ways of enhancing the effectives of the
Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act
57. Fali S. Nariman Committee- Accountability and damages with regard to destruction
of public property
58. Satwant Reddy Committee- review of laws relating to registration of
pharmaceutical drugs and clinical trials
59. Raghuram C. Rajan Committee- financial sector reforms
60. Shah Commission (1966)- reorganisation of States
61. Tarkunde Committee- composition of the Election Commission and other electoral
reforms
62. Dinesh Goswami Committee- electoral reforms
63. G.V.K. Rao Committee (1985) set up by the planning commission in 1985, to look
into the Administrative Arrangement for Rural Development and poverty Alleviation
Programmes.
64. Butler Committee : Relation between Indian states & paramount power (the Queen
of Britain)
65. Hurtog Committee : Growth of British India education-its effects
66. Muddiman Committee : Working of Diarchy as in Montague Chelmsford reforms
List of committees
1. Central Information Commission: Receiving and inquiring into complaints from
aggrieved persons.
2. Central Vigilance Commission: Probing offences by Central Government officers,
Officers of societies, corporation and local authority under the Central Government.
3. Commission for Centre-State Relations: Review of working of existing arrangements
between Union and States i.e. power, functions, and responsibilities in all spheres.
4. Commission of Enquiry (Tehelka Commission): To enquire into the definite matter
of public importance with the power of civil court.
5. Commission of Enquiry into Oil-for-Food Scam: To inquire into the Oil-for-Food
Scam.
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6 Commission on Criminal Justice: Reformation of criminal justice system,
compensation to victims, and effective investment etc.
7. Committee on Reforming Bureaucracy: Best practices of Bureaucracy
8. Competition Commission of India: To curb monopolies, to ensure fair competition
in India by prohibiting adverse trade practices and to pass order for granting interim
relief and to impose penalties in case of defaults.
9. Delimitation Commission: Readjustment of the allocation of seats in Lok Sabha to
several States and total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of each State.
10. Election Commission: Preparation of the electoral rolls, direction, superintendence,
and control of elections to Parliament and State Legislatures, recognition of political
parties and allotment of symbols and also conducting elections to offices of Presidents
and Vice-Presidents of India.
11. Finance Commission: Distribution of financial resources between Union and States,
proceeds from taxes, principles governing grants-in-aid to revenue of States out of
consolidated fund of India, etc.
12. Justice Nanavati Commission: To inquire into 1984 Riot case (Indira Gandhi
Assassination Riot).
13. Kalelkar Commission: Adhering to Article 340, the First Backward Classes
Commission was set up by a presidential order on January 29, 1953
14. Khosla Commission: A one-man commission headed by Justice GD Khosla
established July 1970 to re-investigate the circumstances surrounding the supposed
death of Subhas Chandra Bose. The commission reached the same conclusions as Shah
Nawaz Committee.
15. Law Commission: To suggest for implementation and development in
constitutional and legal matters including the human way of death penalty
16. Liberhan Commission: To enquire into demolition of Babri Masjid in Ayodhya.
17. Mandal Commission: Headed by Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal to consider the
question of seat reservations and quotas for people to redress caste discrimination,
and used eleven social, economic, and educational indicators to determine
backwardness.
18. Mukherjee Commission: A one-man board of Justice Manoj Mukherjee, a retired
judge of the Supreme Court of India which was instituted in 1999 to enquire into the
controversy surrounding the reported death of Subhas Chandra Bose in 1945.
19. National Commission for Backward Classes: Inclusion of castes as backward class
in OBC lists and to deal with the related matters.
20. National Commission for Denotified,Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes
(NCDNSNT): A national commission set under Ministry of Social Justice and
Empowerment, to study various developmental aspects of denotified and nomadic or
semi-nomadic tribes in India.
21. National Commission for Scheduled Castes: To investigate and monitor all matters
relating to the safeguards provided for the SCs, to inquire into specific complaints on
deprivation of rights of SCs to participate and advice on the planning process of
socioeconomic development of SCs.
22. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes: To investigate and monitor the matters
relating to safeguards provided for STs, to inquire into specific complaints on
deprivation of rights of STs.
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23. National Commission for Women: Investigation and examination of all matters
relating to safeguards provided for women, take up cases relating to women to other
authorities and to look into complaints relating to deprivation of womens rights.
24. National Commission on Labour: To review and suggest improvement of labour
standard.
25. National Commission on Minorities: To evaluate the progress of the development of
minorities under the Union and States, look into complaints regarding the deprivation
of minorities rights.
26. National Commission to Review the Working of Constitution of India : Study of
working of Constitution. in key area.
27. National Forest Commission: Review and assessment of existing forest policy, legal
frame work on scientific and economic point of examination of current statutes of
forest administration and institutions and policy on development and wild life
management.
28. National Human Rights Commission: Receiving complaint from victim, directions
to Government, etc. and rehabilitation to victims.
29. National Judicial Commission: Appointment of Judges in high judiciary and
transfer of High Court Judges.
30. National Knowledge Commission: On 13 June, 2005 , the Prime Minister of India,
Dr. Manmohan Singh, constituted the National Knowledge Commission, as a think-
tank charged with considering possible policy that might sharpen Indias comparative
advantage in the knowledge-intensive service sectors. The Commission was to
recommend reform of the education sector, research labs, and intellectual property
legislation; as well as consider whether the Government could itself upgrade its use of
the latest techniques to make its workings more transparent. The NKC website was
launched in February 2006.
31. Planning Commission: To oversee the 5 years planning program for the economic
development etc. in India.
32. Sahariya Commission: To review the POTA implementation in Centre and various
States.
33. Sarkaria Commission : It was set up in June 1983 to examine the relationship and
balance of power between state and central governments in the country and suggest
changes within the framework of Constitution of India. It was headed by Justice
Rajinder Singh Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.
34. Shah Commission: inquire into all the excesses committed in the Indian Emergency
(1975 77). It was headed by Justice J.C. Shah
35. Shah Nawaz: Committee was an enquiry committee established in 1956 to
investigate the supposed death of Indian Subhas Chandra Bose in August 1945. The
Committee included Shah Nawaz Khan.
36. States Reorganisation Commission: constituted by the Central Government of India
under the States Reorganisation Act and consisted of Hon. Fazal Ali, K.M. Panikker,
and H.N. Kunzru. The Report submitted by the Committee in 1955 known as SRC
Report went in to the problems of Telangana and Andhra regions, and the arguments
for and against the merger of two regions.