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Caracteristica de turatie

ge,Ge,Me
3000 90

Me
80

2500
Pe
70

2000 60

50

1500

40

1000 30

Ge

20
ge
500

10

0 0
500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500
n(rot/min)
CARACTERISTICA DE TURATIE

Pemax= 77 kw nx Pe Me ge Ge
nmax= ### rot/min rot/min kw [Nm] g/kwh kg/h
gep= 310 g/kwh 900 20.9825 222.74 379.75 7.97
a= 0.87 1000 23.67169 226.16 370.95 8.78
b= 1.13 1100 26.39613 229.27 362.62 9.57
c= 1.55 1200 29.14593 232.05 354.78 10.3
d= 1.55 1300 31.91117 234.53 347.41 11.1
k= 1 1400 34.68195 236.68 340.52 11.8
1500 37.44838 238.52 334.11 12.5
1600 40.20055 240.05 328.18 13.2
1700 42.92856 241.26 322.73 13.9
1800 45.6225 242.16 317.75 14.5
1900 48.27248 242.74 313.25 15.1
2000 50.86859 243 309.23 15.7
2100 53.40093 243 305.69 16.3
2200 55.85959 242.59 302.63 16.9
2300 58.23468 241.91 300.05 17.5
2400 60.5163 240.91 297.94 18
2500 62.69453 239.6 296.32 18.6
2600 64.75948 238 295.17 19.1
2700 66.70125 236 294.5 19.6
2800 68.50993 233.77 294.31 20.2
2900 70.17562 231.2 294.6 20.7
3000 71.68843 228.31 295.36 21.2
3100 73.03843 225.1 296.6 21.7
3200 74.21575 221.58 298.33 22.1
3300 75.21046 217.75 300.53 22.6
3400 76.01268 213.6 303.21 23
3500 76.61249 209.13 306.36 23.5
3600 77 204.35 310 23.9
3700 77.1653 199.26 314.11 24.2
3800 77.09849 193.84 318.71 24.6
3900 76.78968 188.12 323.78 24.9
4000 76.22894 182.08 329.33 25.1
4200 0 0 2000 2.66
Diagrama Fierastrau
Me[Nm] Pe[kW],v[m/s]
300 90

80

250

70

200 60

50

150

40

100 30

20

50

10

0 0
600 1100 1600 2100 2600 3100 3600 4100 4600 5100 5600 6100 6600

n[rot/min]
rr= 0.5 ik1= 4.6 Pemax= 77 kW n1= 2159
i0= 4 ik2= 2.776 nmax= 3600 rot/min q= 1.667
nM= 2000 ik3= 1.667 a= 0.87
nmax= 3600 ik4= 1 b= 1.13
ik5= 0 VITEZELE AUTOVEHICULUI IN TREPTELE DE VITEZA

n Pe Me v1 v2 v3 v4
[rot/min] [kW] [Nm] [m/s] [m/s] [m/s] [m/s]
1000 23.6717 226.163 2.84565 4.715407 7.85241 13.0899694
1100 26.3961 229.266 3.13021 5.186948 8.63765 14.3989663
1200 29.1459 232.054 3.41477 5.658488 9.42289 15.7079633
1300 31.9112 234.526 3.69934 6.130029 10.2081 17.0169602
1400 34.682 236.683 3.9839 6.60157 10.9934 18.3259571
1500 37.4484 238.525 4.26847 7.07311 11.7786 19.6349541
1600 40.2005 240.051 4.55303 7.544651 12.5639 20.943951
1700 42.9286 241.262 4.8376 8.016192 13.3491 22.252948
1800 45.6225 242.158 5.12216 8.487732 14.1343 23.5619449
1900 48.2725 242.738 5.40673 8.959273 14.9196 24.8709418
2000 50.8686 243.003 5.69129 9.430814 15.7048 26.1799388
2100 53.4009 242.952 5.97586 9.902354 16.4901 27.4889357
2200 55.8596 242.587 6.26042 10.3739 17.2753 28.7979327
2300 58.2347 241.905 6.54498 10.84544 18.0605 30.1069296
2400 60.5163 240.909 6.82955 11.31698 18.8458 31.4159265
2500 62.6945 239.597 7.11411 11.78852 19.631 32.7249235
2547 64.7595 237.97 7.24786 12.01014 20.0001 33.340152
2600 64.7595 237.97 7.39868 12.26006 20.4163 34.0339204
2700 66.7013 236.027 7.68324 12.7316 21.2015 35.3429174
2800 68.5099 233.769 7.96781 13.20314 21.9868 36.6519143
2900 70.1756 231.196 8.25237 13.67468 22.772 37.9609112
3000 71.6884 228.307 8.53694 14.14622 23.5572 39.2699082
3100 73.0384 225.103 8.8215 14.61776 24.3425 40.5789051
3200 74.2157 221.584 9.10607 15.0893 25.1277 41.887902
3300 75.2105 217.749 9.39063 15.56084 25.913 43.196899
3400 76.0127 213.599 9.67519 16.03238 26.6982 44.5058959
3500 76.6125 209.133 9.95976 16.50392 27.4834 45.8148929
3600 77 204.352 10.2443 16.97546 28.2687 47.1238898
3700 0 0 10.5289 17.44701 29.0539 48.4328867
FR9000

8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
v[m/s]
90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
BILANTUL DE PUTERE

PR1 PR2 PR3 PR4 Pr(a=0) Pr(a=5) Pr(a=10) Pr(a=amax)


kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW
21.31533 21.31533 21.31533 21.31533 2.423375 28.16473 53.71019 63.8298804
23.76857 23.76857 23.76857 23.76857 3.225512 31.54101 59.641 70.7726679
26.24464 26.24464 26.24464 26.24464 4.187591 35.07722 65.73177 77.8753983
28.73462 28.73462 28.73462 28.73462 5.324154 38.78792 71.99701 85.1526116
31.22959 31.22959 31.22959 31.22959 6.64974 42.68764 78.45128 92.6188481
33.72064 33.72064 33.72064 33.72064 8.17889 46.79093 85.10911 100.288648
36.19885 36.19885 36.19885 36.19885 9.926143 51.11232 91.98504 108.176552
38.6553 38.6553 38.6553 38.6553 11.90604 55.66635 99.09362 116.297099
41.08108 41.08108 41.08108 41.08108 14.13312 60.46757 106.4494 124.664831
43.46727 43.46727 43.46727 43.46727 16.62193 65.53051 114.0669 133.294288
45.80495 45.80495 45.80495 45.80495 19.387 70.86972 121.9606 142.200009
48.08521 48.08521 48.08521 48.08521 22.44287 76.49973 130.1452 151.396535
50.29913 50.29913 50.29913 50.29913 25.80409 82.43508 138.6351 160.898406
52.4378 52.4378 52.4378 52.4378 29.4852 88.69033 147.4449 170.720163
54.49229 54.49229 54.49229 54.49229 33.50073 95.27999 156.5891 180.876345
56.4537 56.4537 56.4537 56.4537 37.86523 102.2186 166.0823 191.381494
57.12441 57.12441 57.12441 57.12441 40.04123 105.6045 170.6687 196.443599
58.3131 58.3131 58.3131 58.3131 42.59323 109.5208 175.9389 202.250148
60.06157 60.06157 60.06157 60.06157 47.69928 117.201 186.1737 213.496849
61.69021 61.69021 61.69021 61.69021 53.19792 125.2737 196.801 225.136137
63.1901 63.1901 63.1901 63.1901 59.10369 133.7536 207.8354 237.182552
64.55231 64.55231 64.55231 64.55231 65.43112 142.6552 219.2916 249.650634
65.76793 65.76793 65.76793 65.76793 72.19476 151.993 231.1839 262.554923
66.82805 66.82805 66.82805 66.82805 79.40914 161.7815 243.5269 275.90996
67.72375 67.72375 67.72375 67.72375 87.08882 172.0353 256.3353 289.730285
68.44611 68.44611 68.44611 68.44611 95.24832 182.7689 269.6235 304.030438
68.98622 68.98622 68.98622 68.98622 103.9022 193.9969 283.406 318.824959
69.33515 69.33515 69.33515 69.33515 113.065 205.7339 297.6975 334.12839
66.332 62.80922 58.10784 48.43289 122.7512 217.9942 312.5124 349.955269
FACTORUL DINAMIC
D
0.4

0.35

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
v[m/s]
Acceleratia
a[m/s^2]
2

1.8

1.6

1.4

1.2

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

v[m/s]
Inversul acceleratiei
1/a[s^2/m]
15

13

11

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
v[m/s]
-1
Timpul de demarare
td[s]
8

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
v[m/s]
Spatiul de demarare
Sd
50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
v[m/s]
TIMPUL SI SPATIUL DE DEMARARE

v 1/a td Sd v 1/a td Sd
[m/s] m/s^2 s m [m/s] m/s^2 s m
0 0.742658 0 0
3.13021 0.591749 2.088486 3.268701 14.37348 0.679624 8.868983 63.89413
3.414775 0.584394 2.255831 3.816333 16.62239 0.735479 10.4602 88.55474
3.699339 0.578054 2.421226 4.404655 18.8713 0.86541 12.26033 120.5013
3.983904 0.572669 2.584954 5.033634 21.12021 0.946431 14.29766 161.2393
4.268468 0.56819 2.747278 5.703414 23.36912 0.961156 16.44266 208.9541
4.553033 0.591749 2.912317 6.431358 25.61803 0.983215 18.62902 262.5058
4.837597 0.584394 3.079661 7.217092 27.86694 5.214671 25.59826 448.8807
5.122162 0.578054 3.245056 8.040743 30.11585 9.446127 42.08367 926.8157
5.406726 0.572669 3.408784 8.902677 32.36476 13.67758 68.08525 1739.113
5.691291 0.56819 3.571108 9.803415 34.61367 17.90904 103.603 2928.574
5.975856 0.564576 3.732281 10.74363 36.86258 22.1405 148.6369 4538.001
6.26042 0.561796 3.892544 11.72414 39.11149 26.37195 203.187 6610.197
6.544985 0.559826 4.052131 12.74593 41.3604 30.60341 267.2532 9187.962
6.829549 0.55865 4.21127 13.81013 43.60931 34.83486 340.8356 12314.1
7.114114 0.558256 4.370186 14.91807 45.85822 39.06632 423.9342 16031.41
7.398678 0.558642 4.5291 16.07122 47.1 43.29778 475.0732 18408.31
7.683243 0.559811 4.688237 17.27125
7.967807 0.561773 4.847818 18.52006
8.252372 0.564545 5.008073 19.81975
8.536937 0.568151 5.169236 21.17265
8.821501 0.572622 5.331548 22.58139
9.106066 0.577997 5.49526 24.04888
9.39063 0.584327 5.660639 25.57835
9.675195 0.591672 5.827962 27.17344
9.959759 0.600103 5.997531 28.83817
10.24432 0.609705 6.169665 30.57708
10.52889 0.620582 6.344713 32.39523
11.25546 0.632854 6.800065 37.35501
11.84565 0.646664 7.177648 41.71629
12.12457 0.662186 7.360178 43.90393
DECELERATIA
a[m/s^2]
9

8 f=0.8

6
F=0.6

F=0.4
4

F=0.2

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50

v[m/s]
Tf,Sf,Decel.

TIMPUL DE FRANARE
Cu Fa
v tfmin(j=0.2)tfmin(j=0.4)tfmin(j=0.6)tfmin(j=0.8)
[m/s] s s s s
0 0 0 0 0
2 1.019368 0.259778 0.044135 0.005624
4 2.038736 0.519556 0.08827 0.011247
6 3.058104 0.779333 0.132405 0.016871
8 4.077472 1.039111 0.176539 0.022495
10 5.09684 1.298889 0.220674 0.028119
12 6.116208 1.558667 0.264809 0.033742
14 7.135576 1.818444 0.308944 0.039366
16 8.154944 2.078222 0.353079 0.04499
18 9.174312 2.338 0.397214 0.050613
20 10.19368 2.597778 0.441349 0.056237
22 11.21305 2.857556 0.485483 0.061861
24 12.23242 3.117333 0.529618 0.067484
26 13.25178 3.377111 0.573753 0.073108
28 14.27115 3.636889 0.617888 0.078732
30 15.29052 3.896667 0.662023 0.084356
32 16.30989 4.156444 0.706158 0.089979
34 17.32926 4.416222 0.750293 0.095603
36 18.34862 4.676 0.794427 0.101227
38 19.36799 4.935778 0.838562 0.10685
40 20.38736 5.195556 0.882697 0.112474
42 21.40673 5.455333 0.926832 0.118098
44 22.4261 5.715111 0.970967 0.123722
47.1 24.00612 6.117767 1.039376 0.132438

Page 16
Timpul de franare

10

6
tf[s]

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50

v[m/s]
Spatiul de franare
Sfmin

600

500

400

j=0.2
300

j=0.4
200

j=0.6

j=0.8
100

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
V[m/s]
VITEZA CRITICA DE DERAPARE
B= 1.4 m
g= 9.81 m/s^2
hg= 1.125 m

Pentru b= 0 2 4 6 8
R vcr vcr vcr vcr vcr
m m/s m/s m/s m/s m/s
50 Err:502
100
150
200
250

0 0.034921 0.069927 0.105104235 0.140541


stabilitate

Rv 3817.43 mm
Rv 3.81743 m CALCULUL DE STABILITATE
qi 40 grade
j= 0.2 Rv Vd Vd Vd Vd Vd Vd
j= 0.4 [m] [km/h] [km/h] [km/h] [km/h] [m/s] [m/s]
j= 0.6 pentru b=0
j= 1.029639 50 35.96639 50.64556 61.93839 81.04047 9.990664 14.06821
b= 0.2 100 50.86416 71.62364 87.59411 114.6085 14.12893 19.89546
b= 0.4 150 62.29562 87.72068 107.2804 140.3662 17.30434 24.36686
b= 0.6 200 71.93278 101.2911 123.8768 162.0809 19.98133 28.13642
b= 0.8 250 80.4233 113.2469 138.4985 181.212 22.3398 31.45748
B 1.545 m
hg 0.8 m

pentru b=-5
50 36.27421 50.86508 62.11839 81.17875 10.07617 14.12919
100 51.29948 71.93409 87.84867 114.8041 14.24985 19.98169
150 62.82877 88.1009 107.5922 140.6057 17.45244 24.47247
200 72.54842 101.7302 124.2368 162.3575 20.15234 28.25838
250 81.1116 113.7378 138.901 181.5212 22.531 31.59383

pentru b=5
50 36.57987 51.08428 62.29864 81.31781 10.16108 14.19008
100 51.73176 72.24408 88.10358 115.0007 14.36993 20.0678
150 63.3582 88.48057 107.9044 140.8466 17.5995 24.57794
200 73.15975 102.1686 124.5973 162.6356 20.32215 28.38016
250 81.79509 114.2279 139.304 181.8321 22.72086 31.72998

Page 20
stabilitate

Vd Vd CALCULUL DE RASTURNARE
[m/s] [m/s]
Rv Vr Vr Vr
17.20511 22.51124 [m] [km/h] [km/h] [km/h]
24.3317 31.83571 b=0 b=-5 b=5
29.80012 38.99062 50 78.6218 78.89681 79.17273
34.41022 45.02249 100 111.188 111.5769 111.9672
38.47179 50.33667 150 136.177 136.6533 137.1312
200 157.2436 157.7936 158.3455
250 175.8037 176.4186 177.0356

17.25511 22.54965
24.40241 31.89003
29.88673 39.05715
34.51022 45.09931
38.5836 50.42256

17.30518 22.58828
24.47322 31.94465
29.97345 39.12405
34.61036 45.17656
38.69555 50.50893

Page 21