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Caracteristica de turatie

ge,Ge,Me
300 70

Me Pe
290
60

280

50

270

40

260

30

250

Ge 20

240
ge

10
230

220 0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000
n(rot/min)
CARACTERISTICA DE TURATIE

Pemax= 64 kw nx Pe Me ge Ge nx Pe Me ge Ge
nmax= ### rot/min rot/min kw [Nm] g/kwh kg/h rot/min kw [Nm] g/kwh kg/h
gep= 280 g/kwh 900 11.6731 123.92 296.79 3.46 5500 63.9595 111.11 277.071 17.72
a= 1 1000 13.105 125.21 293.14 3.84 5600 64 109.19 280 17.92
b= 1 1100 14.5558 126.43 289.64 4.22 5700 63.9588 107.21 283.071 18.1
c= 1.2 1200 16.0233 127.57 286.29 4.59 5800 63.8338 105.15 286.286 18.27
d= 1 1300 17.5055 128.65 283.07 4.96 5900 63.6228 103.03 289.643 18.43
k= 0.8 1400 19 129.66 280 5.32 6000 63.3236 100.83 293.143 18.56
1500 20.5047 130.6 277.07 5.68 6100 62.934 98.571 296.786 18.68
1600 22.0175 131.47 274.29 6.04
1700 23.5361 132.27 271.64 6.39
1800 25.0583 133 269.14 6.74
1900 26.582 133.67 266.79 7.09
2000 28.105 134.26 264.57 7.44
2100 29.625 134.78 262.5 7.78
2200 31.1399 135.23 260.57 8.11
2300 32.6476 135.62 258.79 8.45
2400 34.1458 135.93 257.14 8.78
2500 35.6323 136.17 255.64 9.11
2600 37.105 136.35 254.29 9.44
2700 38.5616 136.45 253.07 9.76
2800 40 136.49 252 10.1
2900 41.418 136.45 251.07 10.4
3000 42.8134 136.35 250.29 10.7
3100 44.184 136.17 249.64 11
3200 45.5277 135.93 249.14 11.3
3300 46.8422 135.62 248.79 11.7
3400 48.1254 135.23 248.57 12
3500 49.375 134.78 248.5 12.3
3600 50.5889 134.26 248.57 12.6
3700 51.7649 133.67 248.79 12.9
3800 52.9009 133 249.14 13.2
3900 53.9945 132.27 249.64 13.5
4000 55.0437 131.47 250.29 13.8
4100 56.0463 130.6 251.07 14.1
4200 57 129.66 252 14.4
4300 57.9027 128.65 253.07 14.7
4400 58.7522 127.57 254.29 14.9
4500 59.5463 126.43 255.64 15.2
4600 60.2828 125.21 257.14 15.5
4700 60.9595 123.92 258.79 15.8
4800 61.5743 122.56 260.57 16
4900 62.125 121.13 262.5 16.3
5000 62.6093 119.64 264.57 16.6
5100 63.0251 118.07 266.79 16.8
5200 63.3703 116.43 269.14 17.1
5300 63.6425 114.73 271.64 17.3
5400 63.8397 113 274.29 17.5
Diagrama fierastrau

160 70

140
60

120

50

100

40

80
v

30

60

20

40

10
20

0 0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

n[rot/min]
VITEZELE AUTOVEHICULUI IN TREPTELE DE VITEZA

n Pe Me v1 v2 v3 v4 n Pe Me v1 v2 v3 v4
[rot/min] [kW] [Nm] [m/s] [m/s] [m/s] [m/s] [rot/min] [kW] [Nm] [m/s] [m/s] [m/s] [m/s]
1000 13.105 125.1431 3.696 5.0108 6.8041 9.23998 5400 63.84 112.89 19.958 27.059 36.742 49.896
1100 14.5558 126.3611 4.0656 5.5119 7.4845 10.164 5500 63.96 111 20.328 27.56 37.423 50.82
1200 16.0233 127.5096 4.4352 6.013 8.1649 11.088 5600 64 109.13 20.698 28.061 38.103 51.744
1300 17.5055 128.5884 4.8048 6.5141 8.8453 12.012 5700 63.959 107.15 21.067 28.562 38.783 52.668
1400 19 129.5976 5.1744 7.0152 9.5258 12.936 5800 63.834 105.1 21.437 29.063 39.464 53.592
1500 20.5047 130.5372 5.544 7.5163 10.206 13.86 5900 63.623 103 21.806 29.564 40.144 54.516
1600 22.0175 131.4072 5.9136 8.0173 10.887 14.784 6000 63.324 100.78 22.176 30.065 40.825 55.44
1700 23.5361 132.2076 6.2832 8.5184 11.567 15.708 6100 62.934 98.521 22.546 30.566 41.505 56.364
1800 25.0583 132.9385 6.6528 9.0195 12.247 16.632
1900 26.582 133.5997 7.0224 9.5206 12.928 17.556
2000 28.105 134.1913 7.392 10.022 13.608 18.48
2100 29.625 134.7133 7.7616 10.523 14.289 19.404
2200 31.1399 135.1657 8.1312 11.024 14.969 20.328
2300 32.6476 135.5485 8.5008 11.525 15.649 21.252
2400 34.1458 135.8617 8.8704 12.026 16.33 22.1759
2500 35.6323 136.1053 9.24 12.527 17.01 23.0999
2600 37.105 136.2793 9.6096 13.028 17.691 24.0239
2700 38.5616 136.3837 9.9792 13.529 18.371 24.9479
2800 40 136.4185 10.349 14.03 19.052 25.8719
2900 41.418 136.3837 10.718 14.531 19.732 26.7959
3000 42.8134 136.2793 11.088 15.033 20.412 27.7199
3100 44.184 136.1053 11.458 15.534 21.093 28.6439
3200 45.5277 135.8617 11.827 16.035 21.773 29.5679
3300 46.8422 135.5485 12.197 16.536 22.454 30.4919
3400 48.1254 135.1657 12.566 17.037 23.134 31.4159
3500 49.375 134.7133 12.936 17.538 23.814 32.3399
3600 50.5889 134.1913 13.306 18.039 24.495 33.2639
3700 51.7649 133.5997 13.675 18.54 25.175 34.1879
3800 52.9009 132.9385 14.045 19.041 25.856 35.1119
3850 53.4531 132.5818 14.23 19.292 26.196 35.5739
3900 53.9945 132.2076 14.414 19.542 26.536 36.0359
4000 55.0437 131.4072 14.784 20.043 27.216 36.9599
4100 56.0463 130.5372 15.154 20.544 27.897 37.8839
4124 56.2797 130.3181 15.242 20.665 28.06 38.1057
4200 57 129.5976 15.523 21.046 28.577 38.8079
4300 57.9027 128.5884 15.893 21.547 29.258 39.7319
4400 58.7522 127.5096 16.262 22.048 29.938 40.6559
4500 59.5463 126.3611 16.632 22.549 30.618 41.5799
4600 60.2828 125.1431 17.002 23.05 31.299 42.5039
4700 60.9595 123.8555 17.371 23.551 31.979 43.4279
4800 61.5743 122.4983 17.741 24.052 32.66 44.3519
4900 62.125 121.0714 18.11 24.553 33.34 45.2759
5000 62.6093 119.575 18.48 25.054 34.021 46.1999
5100 63.0251 118.009 18.85 25.555 34.701 47.1239
5200 63.3703 116.3734 19.219 26.056 35.381 48.0479
5300 63.6425 114.6681 19.589 26.557 36.062 48.9719
FR4000

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
v[m/s]
Bilantul de putere

PR,Psum
120

100
PR(a=amax) PR(a=10 PR(a=
) 5)

Pe

80 PR I PR II PR PR
III IV

PR(a=0)

60

40

20

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60

v[m/s]
Bilantul de putere
P[kW]

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

v[m/s]
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
BILANTUL DE PUTERE

PR1 PR2 PR3 PR4 Pr(a=0) Pr(a=5) Pr(a=10) Pr(a=amax)


kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW
11.7945 11.794 11.794 11.794 2.9566 15.39 27.7084 32.582904
13.1002 13.1 13.1 13.1 3.3417 17.018 30.5686 35.930561
14.421 14.421 14.421 14.421 3.7522 18.672 33.4543 39.303752
15.7549 15.755 15.755 15.755 4.1906 20.354 36.3679 42.704797
17.1 17.1 17.1 17.1 4.6592 22.065 39.3117 46.136017
18.4543 18.454 18.454 18.454 5.1603 23.81 42.288 49.599735
19.8157 19.816 19.816 19.816 5.6962 25.589 45.2991 53.098271
21.1825 21.182 21.182 21.182 6.2693 27.405 48.3473 56.633946
22.5525 22.552 22.552 22.552 6.8818 29.261 51.435 60.209081
23.9238 23.924 23.924 23.924 7.5361 31.159 54.5644 63.825999
25.2945 25.294 25.294 25.294 8.2345 33.1 57.738 67.487019
26.6625 26.663 26.663 26.663 8.9793 35.089 60.958 71.194464
28.0259 28.026 28.026 28.026 9.7729 37.125 64.2268 74.950654
29.3828 29.383 29.383 29.383 10.617 39.213 67.5466 78.757911
30.7312 30.731 30.731 30.731 11.516 41.355 70.9198 82.618556
32.0691 32.069 32.069 32.069 12.469 43.552 74.3487 86.534909
33.3945 33.394 33.394 33.394 13.481 45.807 77.8356 90.509293
34.7054 34.705 34.705 34.705 14.553 48.122 81.3829 94.544029
36 36 36 36 15.688 50.5 84.9928 98.641437
37.2762 37.276 37.276 37.276 16.888 52.943 88.6678 102.80384
38.5321 38.532 38.532 38.532 18.155 55.454 92.4101 107.03356
39.7656 39.766 39.766 39.766 19.491 58.034 96.222 111.33291
40.9749 40.975 40.975 40.975 20.9 60.686 100.106 115.70422
42.158 42.158 42.158 42.158 22.383 63.412 104.064 120.14981
43.3128 43.313 43.313 43.313 23.943 66.215 108.099 124.672
44.4375 44.438 44.438 44.438 25.581 69.097 112.212 129.27311
45.53 45.53 45.53 45.53 27.301 72.06 116.407 133.95546
46.5884 46.588 46.588 46.588 29.104 75.106 120.686 138.72138
47.6108 47.611 47.611 47.611 30.993 78.239 125.05 143.57318
48.5951 48.595 48.595 48.595 32.971 81.459 129.503 148.51319
49.5394 49.539 49.539 49.539 35.039 84.771 134.046 153.54372
50.4417 50.442 50.442 50.442 37.199 88.175 138.682 158.66711
51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 39.455 91.674 143.413 163.88566
52.1124 52.112 52.112 52.112 41.809 95.271 148.241 169.2017
52.877 52.877 52.877 52.877 44.262 98.967 153.17 174.61756
53.5917 53.592 53.592 53.592 46.817 102.77 158.2 180.13555
54.2545 54.255 54.255 54.255 49.477 106.67 163.335 185.75799
54.8636 54.864 54.864 54.864 52.244 110.68 168.577 191.48721
55.4169 55.417 55.417 55.417 55.119 114.8 173.928 197.32553
55.9125 55.913 55.913 55.913 58.107 119.03 179.39 203.27526
56.3484 56.348 56.348 56.348 61.207 123.37 184.966 209.33874
56.7226 56.723 56.723 56.723 64.424 127.83 190.658 215.51827
57.0332 57.033 57.033 57.033 67.76 132.41 196.469 221.81619
57.2782 57.278 57.278 57.278 71.216 137.11 202.4 228.23481
57.4557 57.456 57.456 57.456 74.795 141.93 208.454 234.77645
57.5636 57.564 57.564 57.564 78.499 146.88 214.634 241.44344
57.6 57.6 57.6 57.6 82.331 151.96 220.941 248.23809
57.5629 57.563 57.563 57.563 86.293 157.16 227.378 255.16274
57.4504 57.45 57.45 57.45 90.387 162.5 233.948 262.21969
57.2605 57.261 57.261 57.261 94.616 167.97 240.652 269.41127
56.9913 56.991 56.991 56.991 98.982 173.58 247.493 276.7398
56.6406 56.641 56.641 56.641 103.49 179.33 254.473 284.20761
Acceleratia
a[m/s^2]
2

1.5

0.5

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60

-0.5
v[m/s]
Factorul dinamic

0.25

0.2

0.15
D

0.1

0.05

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60

v[m/s]
Timpul de demarare
td[s]
10

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

v[m/s]
Spatiul de demarare
Sd[m]
70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

v[m/s]
Inversul acceleratiei
1/a
16

14

12

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60

v[m/s]
TIMPUL SI SPATIUL DE DEMARARE 14.414 0.655 9.2928 66 39.184 1.385 34.846 789.19
14.784 0.661 9.5359 70 40.339 1.416 36.462 853.47
15.154 0.667 9.7812 73 41.493 1.447 38.115 921.08
v 1/a td Sd 15.523 0.673 10.029 77 42.648 1.478 39.803 992.12
[m/s] m/s^2 s m 15.893 0.681 10.279 81 43.802 1.51 41.528 1067
0 0.6768 0 0 16.262 0.689 10.532 85 44.956 1.541 43.289 1145
3.69599 0.6699 2.4886 4.599 16.632 0.697 10.788 89 46.111 1.572 45.086 1227
4.06559 0.6635 2.735 5.5552 17 0.706 11.047 94 47.265 1.603 46.919 1312
4.43519 0.6576 2.9792 6.5929 17.371 0.716 11.31 98 48.42 1.635 48.788 1402
4.80479 0.6522 3.2212 7.7112 17.741 0.727 11.577 103 49.574 1.666 50.693 1495
5.17439 0.6474 3.4614 8.9095 18.11 0.738 11.848 108 50.728 1.697 52.634 1592
5.54399 0.6429 3.6999 10.187 18.48 0.751 12.123 113
5.91359 0.639 3.9368 11.545 18.85 0.764 12.403 118
6.28319 0.6354 4.1723 12.981 19.219 0.779 12.688 123
6.65278 0.6323 4.4065 14.496 19.589 0.794 12.979 129
7.02238 0.6296 4.6397 16.091 19.958 0.811 13.275 135
7.39198 0.6273 4.872 17.765 20.328 0.829 13.578 141
7.76158 0.6253 5.1035 19.518 20.698 0.849 13.889 147
8.13118 0.6238 5.3343 21.353 21.067 0.871 14.206 154
8.50078 0.6226 5.5646 23.268 21.437 0.894 14.533 161
8.87038 0.6218 5.7946 25.265 21.806 0.919 14.868 168
9.23998 0.6213 6.0243 27.345 23.023 0.947 16.003 194
9.60958 0.6212 6.2539 29.51 24.177 0.978 17.114 220
9.97918 0.6215 6.4836 31.759 25.332 1.01 18.262 248
10.3488 0.6221 6.7134 34.095 26.486 1.041 19.445 279
10.7184 0.6231 6.9435 36.519 27.64 1.072 20.665 312
11.088 0.6245 7.1741 39.033 28.795 1.103 21.921 347
11.4576 0.6263 7.4052 41.638 29.949 1.135 23.213 385
11.8272 0.6284 7.6371 44.338 31.104 1.166 24.541 426
12.1968 0.631 7.8698 47.133 32.258 1.197 25.904 469
12.5664 0.6339 8.1036 50.028 33.412 1.228 27.304 515
12.936 0.6372 8.3385 53.023 34.567 1.26 28.741 564
13.3056 0.641 8.5747 56.122 35.721 1.291 30.213 616
13.6752 0.6452 8.8124 59.328 36.876 1.322 31.721 670
14.0448 0.6498 9.0517 62.645 38.03 1.353 33.265 728
DECELERATIA
a[m/s^2]
10

9
f=0.8

7
F=0.6

F=0.4

3
F=0.2

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50

v[m/s]
Tf,Deccel,Sf

TIMPUL DE FRANARE
Cu Fa
v tfmin(j=0.2) tfmin(j=0.4) tfmin(j=0.6)tfmin(j=0.8)
[m/s] s s s s
0 0 0 0 0
2 1.019368 0.25977778 0.0441349 0.005624
4 2.038736 0.51955555 0.0882697 0.011247
6 3.058104 0.77933333 0.1324046 0.016871
8 4.077472 1.0391111 0.1765394 0.022495
10 5.09684 1.29888888 0.2206743 0.028119
12 6.116208 1.55866665 0.2648091 0.033742
14 7.1355759 1.81844443 0.308944 0.039366
16 8.1549439 2.07822221 0.3530789 0.04499
18 9.1743119 2.33799998 0.3972137 0.050613
20 10.19368 2.59777776 0.4413486 0.056237
22 11.213048 2.85755553 0.4854834 0.061861
24 12.232416 3.11733331 0.5296183 0.067484
26 13.251784 3.37711108 0.5737532 0.073108
28 14.271152 3.63688886 0.617888 0.078732
30 15.29052 3.89666664 0.6620229 0.084356
32 16.309888 4.15644441 0.7061577 0.089979
34 17.329256 4.41622219 0.7502926 0.095603
36 18.348624 4.67599996 0.7944274 0.101227
38 19.367992 4.93577774 0.8385623 0.10685
40 20.38736 5.19555551 0.8826972 0.112474
42 21.406728 5.45533329 0.926832 0.118098
44 22.426096 5.71511107 0.9709669 0.123722
46 23.445464 5.97488884 1.0151017 0.129345
47 23.955148 6.10477773 1.0371692 0.132157
48 24.464832 6.23466662 1.0592366 0.134969
49 24.974516 6.3645555 1.081304 0.137781
50 25.4842 6.49444439 1.1033715 0.140593
51 25.993884 6.62433328 1.1254389 0.143405
52 26.503568 6.75422217 1.1475063 0.146216
53 27.013252 6.88411106 1.1695737 0.149028
54 27.522936 7.01399994 1.1916412 0.15184
56.4 28.746177 7.32573327 1.244603 0.158589
Timpul de franare

10

6
tf[s]

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50

v[m/s]
Spatiul de franare
Sfmin

900

800

700

600

500
j=0.2

400

j=0.4
300

j=0.6

200
j=0.8

100

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
V[m/s]
vd[m/s] Viteza de derapare

b=0
50

45

j=0.2
40

j=0.4

35

j=0.6
30

25

j=0.8

20

15

10

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Rv[m]
Viteza de derapare
vd[m/s] b=2
50

45

j=0.2

40
j=0.4

35

j=0.6

30

25
j=0.8

20

15

10

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Rv[m]
Viteza de derapare
vd[m/s]
b=4
50

j=0.2
45

j=0.4
40

j=0.6
35

30

j=0.8

25

20

15

10

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Rv[m]
Viteza de derapare
vd[m/s]
b=6
60

50
j=0.2

j=0.4

40

j=0.6

30
j=0.8

20

10

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Rv[m]
Viteza de derapare
vd[m/s] b=8
60

50

j=0.2 j=0.4

40

j=0.6

j=0.
30
8

20

10

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Rv[m]
Viteza de rasturnare
vr[m/s]
45

b=8

b=6

b=4
40

b=2

b=0

35

30

25

20

15
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Rv[m]
VITEZA CRITICA DE DERAPARE
B= 1.464 m
g= 9.81 m/s^2
hg= 1.3 m

j= 0.2 j= 0.8
Pentru b= 0 2 4 6 8 Pentru b= 0 2 4 6 8
R vcr vcr vcr vcr vcr R vcr vcr vcr vcr vcr
m m/s m/s m/s m/s m/s m m/s m/s m/s m/s m/s
50 9.904544 10.77214 11.5878 12.36394 13.10977 50 19.80909 20.52555 21.25991 22.01612 22.79857
100 14.00714 15.23411 16.38762 17.48525 18.54002 100 28.01428 29.02751 30.06605 31.1355 32.24205
150 17.15517 18.6579 20.07065 21.41497 22.70679 150 34.31035 35.5513 36.82324 38.13304 39.48829
200 19.80909 21.54429 23.17559 24.72788 26.21954 200 39.61818 41.0511 42.51982 44.03225 45.59715
250 22.14723 24.08724 25.9111 27.64661 29.31434 250 44.29447 45.89653 47.5386 49.22955 50.97916

j= 0.4
Pentru b= 0 2 4 6 8
R vcr vcr vcr vcr vcr
m m/s m/s m/s m/s m/s
50 14.00714 14.70886 15.39909 16.08188 16.76091
100 19.80909 20.80148 21.7776 22.74321 23.7035
150 24.26108 25.4765 26.672 27.85463 29.03074 Viteza de rasturnare
200 28.01428 29.41773 30.79817 32.16375 33.52182 B= 1.464 m
250 31.32092 32.89002 34.4334 35.96017 37.47853 g= 9.81 m/s^2
hg= 1.3 m
j= 0.6
Pentru b= 0 2 4 6 8
R vcr vcr vcr vcr vcr Pentru b= 0 2 4 6 8
m m/s m/s m/s m/s m/s R vcr vcr vcr vcr vcr
50 17.15517 17.83518 18.51998 19.21281 19.91697 m m/s m/s m/s m/s m/s
100 24.26108 25.22275 26.1912 27.17102 28.16685 50 16.61894 17.29743 17.97817 18.66439 19.35932
150 29.71363 30.89143 32.07754 33.27756 34.4972 100 23.50273 24.46226 25.42497 26.39543 27.37821
200 34.31035 35.67035 37.03996 38.42562 39.83393 150 28.78485 29.96003 31.13911 32.32767 33.53132
250 38.36014 39.88066 41.41193 42.96115 44.53569 200 33.23788 34.59486 35.95634 37.32878 38.71863
250 37.16108 38.67823 40.20041 41.73484 43.28874