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Running Head: WARTIME EFFECT 1

Wartime Effect







The Cold War and the World War II were the characterized by the home front

disagreements over the civil rights of the African Americans and the cultural recognition of the

status of women in the society. During these eras, the fight for the civil and humanitarian rights

of the African American was taken a notch higher together with the recognition of women to

the issues of societal concern (The Second World War, 2015). The involvement of women in

industrialization and the American civil war underscored their importance to the community. The

wartime effect catalyzed the fight for the civil rights for African American they input in the

World War II was enormous as they made America victorious against Hitler. At the same time,

they agitated for their civil rights like the Native Americans in the battlefield and back at home.

The racial segregation of the African American in hotels, buses, schools and other areas

where areas the fight for their civil rights took center stage and made important turns. There was

a difference between the World War II and the cold war in regards to the fight for the civil rights

of the African Americans and recognition of women in the society. The agitation of the civil

rights, racial discrimination and segregation of the African-Americans was nonviolent during the

Cold War as opposed to the World War II where it was violent and brutal (The Second World

War, 2015). In World War II the civil rights for women changed with the formation of women

suffrage and feminist movements that were part of the larger civil activist movements.

The cultural and societal roles of women as domestic managers were transformed as

women fought for their rights to education, employment, incorporation into the military and

leadership roles. The civil rights agitation for women was more nonviolent as they were regarded

as weak human beings. The society was hard to convince on the change of the societal role of

women. It is the recognition of the role of women in the victory of America in the World War II

that reignited the discussion of their role in the society. The women provided humanitarian

support in the war through nursing the wounded soldiers and giving them the necessary medical

attention, and this was crucial in Americas victory in the World War II. The women also

distributed food and humanitarian aid to the soldiers in the battlefield and this rejuvenated the

strength of the soldiers to conquer the enemies. The women provided workforce in the industries

as they were employed in such industries where their input on the industrial revolution was

significantly felt (WW11PublicDomain, 2013).

The support that women provided in the army, for instance, the Navy was recognized

even though it could not be comparable to that of men. In the workplace, women were

discriminated on their roles and the remuneration. They could not be paid the same their male

colleagues could be paid even if they held the same position and performed an equal amount of

duties. Similarly, there were positions in the work environment that were exclusively reserved

for men and women could not be promoted beyond certain levels. The goal posts of the roles of

women kept changing as some of their civil rights could be denied depending on the situation.

Status quos on the redefinition of the role of women was maintained after the World War II but

they did not give into this injustice, instead they stood up to fight for their right (Discriminology,

2016). Some of the rights that the women were fighting could be realized though they were

implemented partially.

The freedom the bondage of racial segregation and discrimination of the African

American came through both violent and nonviolent confrontations with the Native Americans

and sometimes the law enforcement agencies. Their civil rights changed through them

demanding for them and standing up for their rights, for instance, the African-American who

refused to stand and give his seat to a Native American was one of the turning points of the civil

rights agitation. The justice systems also played a major role in the recognition of the civil rights

of the African Americans on matters that were presented before them (Discriminology, 2016).

The Supreme Court ruling by Justice Earl Warren on the end of state-sanctioned segregation of

African American children in the educational facilities was a win for the civil rights agitation

by the African Americans. The ruling gave rise to the 14th amendment for the end of

discrimination as regards to education which was previously unconstitutional.


Majority of the gains on the civil rights of the African Americans and women in the

United States were witnessed during the wartime effects of the World War II and the cold war.

The two wars were similar as they contributed to the fight for the civil rights of women and the

racial segregation and discrimination of the African-Americans. The difference between the two

wars is that the Cold War used more of non violent techniques while the World War II used

lethal force and violence in granting some of the civil rights of the two groups.



Discriminology (2016). The African Americans Many Rivers to Cross Episode 5: Rise! (1940 -

1968). Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5jwBceWkCzA

The Second World War, (2015). World War II: Racial Tension on the Homefront. Retrieved

from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8LqNMA3Vpdo

WW11PublicDomain, (2013). WWII Homefront "Women Of Steel" 1943. Retrieved from: