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Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

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Govt., directs the Constitutional body (Election Commission) to conduct elections.

Q. Article 156 if the Constitution of India provides that a Governor shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. Which of the following can be deduced from this? 1. No Governor can be removed from his office till the completion of his term. 2. No Governor can continue in office beyond a period of five years.

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither (a)
(a)
1 only
(b) 2 only
(c)
Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither
(a)

Q. Which one of the following is correct in respect of the commencement of the election process in India?

(a)

made by the government and the notification for election is issued by the Election Commission.

(b)

made by the Election Commission and the notification for election is issued by the Home Ministry at the Centre and Home Departments in the States.

(c)

made by the Election Commission and the notification for election is issued by the President and Governors of the States concerned. (d) Both the exercises of making a recommendation for election and that of issuing a notification in respect of it are

The recommendation for election is

The recommendation for election is

The recommendation for election is

Ans.(b) No Governor can continue in office beyond a period of five years though he can be reappointed and remain in office for another term of five years. The Governor remains in office during the pleasure of the President (Article 156) and can be removed if the President is satisfied that he has failed to fulfill his constitutional duties. No specific provision for impeachment of the Governor has been provided in the Constitution unlike the President.

Q. Which one of the following is incorrect in respect of Local Government in India?

According to the Indian Constitution,

Government in India? According to the Indian Constitution, local government is not an independent tier in

local government is not an independent tier in the federal system.

(b) 30% of the seats in local bodies are

reserved for women.

(c) Local government finances are to be

provided by a Commission.

(d) Elections to local bodies are to be

conducted by a Commission.

done by Election Commission.

Ans.(a) As per Art. 324, the Election Commission has all the powers of conducting elections in India and as for the recommendation for elections, it is one of the functions of the Government to recommend holding of elections to the President, who, acting on the advice of the

A

Art.243 D provides that one-third of the

IX The Pa hayats ,

s. U der

Part

D provides that one-third of the IX The Pa hayats , s. U der Part ©
D provides that one-third of the IX The Pa hayats , s. U der Part ©
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat shall be reserved for women. Art.243B provides for a three tier structure of local government in India at the village, intermediate and district levels. Art.243 I provides that the principles governing the finances of the Panchayats are to be determined by the Finance Commission of the State. Art.243 K provides that elections to the Panchayats are to be conducted by the State Election Commission.

1. Sending a report to the President of India

for i posi g the Preside t s rule

2. Appointing the Ministers

3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State

Legislature for consideration of the President of India

4. Making the rules to conduct the business

of the State Government

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only. (c) 2, 3 and 4
(a)
1 and 2 only
(b)
1 and 3 only.
(c)
2, 3 and 4 only.
(d)
1, 2, 3 and 4

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Q. If in an election to a State Legislative Assembly, the candidate who is declared elected loses his deposit, it means that

(a)

(b) the election was for a multi-member constituency.

(c)

the elected candidate's victory over his

Ans.(b) Although all the given functions are performed by the Governor but he has discretion in performing the functions given in options (1) and (3) only and the remaining are performed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. As per Art.200, when a Bill has been passed by the State Legislative Assembly, the Governor has three choices either give his assent to the Bill or withhold his assent or reserve the Bill for the consideration of the President. Art.356 provides that on receipt of a report from the Governor of a State or otherwise, if the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the Govt. cannot be carried on in accordance with the Constitution, he may proclaim emergency in the State.

the polling was very poor.

nearest rival was very marginal. (d) a very large number of candidates contested the election.

Ans.(d) A candidate loses his deposit when he gets less than 1/6th of the total valid votes cast in the election. Now, it is given here that the candidate wins and still loses his deposit, which means that a large number of candidates contested the elections and the number of votes secured by the winning candidate is less than 1/6th of the total votes.

the winning candidate is less than 1/6th of the total votes. Q. Which of the following

Q. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?

Q. The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its:

(a) Advisory jurisdiction

disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its: (a) Advisory jurisdiction © www.TakshilaOnline.com Page
disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its: (a) Advisory jurisdiction © www.TakshilaOnline.com Page
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

(b)

Appellate jurisdiction

(a)

U.S.A. and Canada

(c)

Original jurisdiction

(b)

Britain and Switzerland

(d)

Constitutional jurisdiction

(c)

France and Italy

 

(d)

Germany and Austria

Ans.(c) When a Court is said to have original jurisdiction in a matter, it means
Ans.(c) When a Court is said to have original
jurisdiction in a matter, it means that the
Court can try the case first hand and not by
way of appeal in which case the appellate
Court is said to have appellate jurisdiction.
Art. 131 provides that the Supreme Court
will have original jurisdiction in the
following cases:
Where the dispute is between the Govt.
of India and one or more States
*
*
Where the dispute is between the Govt.
of India and one or more States on one side
and one or more other State/s on the other
side
*
Between two or more States.
Ans.(d) State funding of elections means the
funds used by the political
parties/candidates in elections for various
purposes are provided by the Government.
In India, this has been recommended by
various committees like the Indrajit Gupta
Committee (1998), Law Commission report,
1999, National Commission to Review the
Working of Constitution (NCRWC), 2001 and
the Second Administrative Reforms
Commission, 2008. While advocating state
funding of elections, it is assumed that it
will result in lesser use of black money in
elections.
Q: In which one of the following countries,
the no-confidence motion to bring down
the government passed by the legislature
Q. If the Prime Minister of India belonged to
the Upper House of Parliament
(a)
he will not be able to vote in his favour
be valid only when the legislature is able to
find simultaneously a majority to elect
successor government?
in the event of a no-confidence motion
(b)
he will not be able to speak on the
budget in the Lower House
(a)
France
(b) Germany
(c)
he can make statements only in the
(c)
Italy
(d) Portugal
Upper House
(d)
he has to become a member of the
Ans.(b) As the possibility of the existing
Govt. being voted out in a no-confidence
motion results in political instability, two
provisions were added to the 1949 Weimar
Constitution of Germany. As a result, the
Bundestag (German Parliament) can
express its lack of confidence in the
Chancellor (position comparable to the
Prime Minister of India) only by electing a
successor with the majority of its members.
Lower House within six months after being
sworn in as the Prime Minister
Ans.(a) As only members of the Lower
House are allowed to vote in the Lower
House, the Prime Minister, in case he is a
member of the Upper House, will not be
able to cast his vote in any proceedings in
the Lower House. Other than voting in the
lower house, the PM will not face any other
restriction(s) as per constitutional
provisions and parliamentary procedures.
Q. State Funding of elections takes place in
and parliamentary procedures. Q. State Funding of elections takes place in © www.TakshilaOnline.com Page 3
and parliamentary procedures. Q. State Funding of elections takes place in © www.TakshilaOnline.com Page 3
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Q. Which one of the following schedules of

President to send back any matter for

the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection Act? reconsideration by the Council of Ministers?
the Constitution of India contains provisions
regarding anti-defection Act?
reconsideration by the Council of Ministers?
(a)
39th
(b) 40th
(a)
Second Schedule
(c)
42nd
(d) 44th
(b)
Fifth Schedule
(c)
Eighth Schedule
(d)
Tenth Schedule
Ans.(d) The Tenth Schedule of the
Constitution contains the provisions related
to disqualification of Members of
Parliament on grounds of defection. It was
added by the 52nd amendment to the
Constitution in 1985. The purpose of the
Anti-defection Act is to prevent horse-
trading of elected representatives.
Ans.(d) Art.74 provides that the President
shall act on the aid and advice of the
President. The 44th Amendment Act, 1978
added a provision to Article 74 which gives
the power to the President to send the
advice for reconsideration. After such
reconsideration, the President is bound to
act on the advice so given.
Q. The ter of the Lok Sa ha…
(a) cannot be extended under any
circumstances
(b)
can be extended by six months at a time
Q.
Consider the following statements:
(c)
can be extended by one year at a time
An amendment to the Constitution of India
can be initiated by the
during the proclamation of emergency
(d)
can be extended for two years at a time
1. Lok Sabha
during the proclamation of emergency
2. Rajya Sabha
3. State Legislatures
4. President
Which
of the above statements is/are
correct?
(a)
1 alone
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c)
2, 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 2
Ans.(d) A constitutional amendment can be
initiated by the introduction of a Bill in
either House of the Parliament as per
Art.368. The Bill further needs to be passed
in both the Houses by a majority of not less
than two-thirds of the members of each
House, present and voting.
Ans.(c) Art.83(2) provides that the term of
the House of the People (Lok Sabha) shall
be for a period of five years but during
emergency, the term may be extended to a
period of one year at a time. The term shall
not, in any case, be extended beyond a
period of six months after the proclamation
of emergency ceases to operate.
Q. Consider the following statements:
Q. Which one of the following amendments
to the Indian Constitution empowers the
1. The joint sitting of the two houses of the
Parliament in India is sanctioned under
Article 108 of the Constitution.
2. The first joint sitting of Lok Sabha and
Rajya Sabha was held in the year 1961.
2. The first joint sitting of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was held in the year
2. The first joint sitting of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was held in the year
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

3. The second joint sitting of

Houses of Indian Parliament was held to pass the Banking Service Commission (Repeal) Bill.

the two

Which of these statements is correct?

(c) There is no constitutional bar for a

nominated member to be appointed as a Union minister

(d) A nominated member can vote both in

the Presidential and Vice Presidential elections

(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2
(a)
1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c)
1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans.(c) As per Art.80, twelve members are
to
be nominated by the President to the
Ans.(d) As per Art.108, the President may
call for a joint sitting of both the Houses of
the Parliament after a Bill has been passed
by one House and transmitted to the other
House if-
Council of States (Rajya Sabha) whereas as
per Art.331, the President may nominate
two members from the Anglo-Indian
1. the Bill is rejected by the other
House or,
2. the Houses have finally disagreed as
to the amendments to be made in
the Bill or
community to the House of the People (Lok
Sabha) if he is satisfied that adequate
representation has not been given to the
community.
A nominated member may be appointed as
a
Union Minister. An individual may be
3. more than six months elapse from
the date of reception of the Bill by
the other House without the Bill
being passed by it.
appointed as a Union Minister provided he
becomes a member of the Parliament
within six months of the appointment
(Art.75 (5)).
A
nominated member can vote in the
The first joint sitting was called in 1961 in
which the Dowry Prohibition Bill was
passed. The second such sitting was called
in 1978 for the Banking Service Commission
Repeal Bill and the third time it was called
in 2002 for the Prevention of Terrorism Act,
elections for the office of the Vice-President
only.
Q. Consider the following statements:
2002.
There is no provision of joint sitting in case
of a Constitution Amendment Bill.
1. While members of the Rajya Sabha are
associated with Committees on Public
Accounts and Public Undertakings,
members of Committee on Estimates are
drawn entirely from Lok Sabha.
2.
The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
Q: Which one of the following statements is
correct?
works under the overall direction of Cabinet
Committee on Parliamentary Affairs.

(a) Only the Rajya Sabha and not the Lok

Sabha can have nominated members (b) There is a constitutional provision for nominating two members belonging to the Anglo-Indian community to the Rajya Sabha

3. The Minister of Parliamentary Affairs

nominates Members of Parliament on Committees, Councils, Board and Commissions etc. set up by the Government

of India in the various ministries.

and Commissions etc. set up by the Government of India in the various ministries. © www.TakshilaOnline.com
and Commissions etc. set up by the Government of India in the various ministries. © www.TakshilaOnline.com
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Which of these statements are correct?

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(a)

1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c)

1 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans.(d) For the Committees on Public Accounts and Public Undertakings, 15 members are elected from the Lok Sabha and 7 members from the Rajya Sabha. In the case of Committee on Estimates, 30 members are elected from the Lok Sabha. Lok Sabha has a privileged position compared to the Rajya Sabha in financial matters (Money Bill). Estimates Committee provides recommendations regarding Budget matters. Thus only members of Lok Sabha become part of Estimate Committee. The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs renders secretarial assistance to the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, which recommends prorogation of both the Houses of the Parliament and the Govt.'s stand on Private Members' Bills and Resolutions.

Ans.(d) The District & Sessions Court stands at the top of the hierarchy of Criminal Courts in a district. Art.233 provides that the appointment of district judges shall be made by the Governor in consultation with the State High Court and as regards the eligibility, he must have been an advocate for not less than seven years. As per Section 366 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 when a Court of Sessions passes a death sentence, the proceedings are to be submitted to the High Court and the sentence shall not be executed unless it is confirmed by the High Court.

Q. Consider the following tasks: 1. 3. and individuals contesting the election 4. (a) 1,
Q. Consider the following tasks:
1.
3.
and individuals contesting the election
4.
(a)
1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c)
1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 4

Superintendence, direction and conduct

of free and fair elections 2. Preparation of electoral rolls for all

elections to the Parliament, State

Legislatures and the Office of the President and the Vice-President

Giving recognition to political parties and

Q. Consider the following statements:

allotting election symbols to political parties

Which of the statements given above are correct?

1.

is

the Court of District and Sessions Judge.

2.

The District Judges are appointed by the

Proclamation of final verdict in the case

The highest criminal court of the district

of election disputes Which of the above are the functions of the Election Commission of India?

Governor in consultation with the High Courts.

3.

A person to be eligible for appointment

the High Courts. 3. A person to be eligible for appointment as a District Judge should

as a District Judge should be an advocate or

a pleader of seven years standing or more,

or an officer in judicial service of the Union

or the State.

4. When the Sessions Judge awards death

sentence, it must be confirmed by the High Court before it is carried out.

(a) 1 and 2

Ans.(a) The Constitution of India, under Art.324, gives the Election Commission of India all the powers related to conducting of elections to the offices of the President, the Vice-President, the Parliament and the State Legislatures but election disputes are not decided by the Commission. An election

(b) 2, 3 and 4

but election disputes are not decided by the Commission. An election (b) 2, 3 and 4
but election disputes are not decided by the Commission. An election (b) 2, 3 and 4
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

petition is to be filed in the High Court of the particular State in which the election was conducted. Section 100 of the Representation of People Act, 1951 provides the grounds on which an election can be declared void by the High Court.

Which

correct?

(a) 1 only

(c) Both 1

of

the

statements

given

is/are

(b) 2 only

(d) neither 1 nor 2

Ans.(a) Art.249 empowers the Rajya Sabha to declare by a resolution supported by a two-third majority, that it is expedient in the national interest that the Parliament should make laws with respect to any matter enumerated in the State List. Such a resolution remains in force for a period of one year unless another resolution is passed for its continuance. Resolutions approving the Proclamation of Emergency are to be passed by both the Houses of the Parliament as per Art.352.

Q. Consider the following statements: 1. Article 301 pertains to the Right to Property. 2.
Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Article
301
pertains
to
the
Right
to
Property.
2.
Right to Property is a legal right but not a
Fundamental Right.
3.
Article
300
A
was
inserted
in
the
Constitution
of
Government
at
India by the Congress
the Centre by the 44th
Constitutional Amendment.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a)
2 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c)
1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans.(a) The right to property was earlier a
fundamental right under Art.19(f) but by
the 44 th Constitutional Amendment Act,
1978, it was made a legal right by adding
Art.300A. In 1978, the ruling Government
belonged to the Janata Party with Mr.
Morarji Desai as the Prime Minister.
If you like this sample file and are interested
in buying 200+ Polity questions (with good
quality explanations) which appeared in
UPSC Prelims between 1995-2014, mail us
at: takshilaonline@gmail.com
Or WhatsApp : 9818872297
Meanwhile,
keep
visiting
www.TakshilaOnline.com to:
1.
Practice
Prelims
(GS
&
CSAT)
objective questions
2.
Access
Public
Administration
and
Geography
Civil
Service
Mains
notes.
Q.
Consider the following statements:
1.
The Rajya Sabha alone has the power to
declare that it would be in national interest
for the Parliament to legislate with respect
to a matter in the State List.

2. Resolutions approving the Proclamation

of Emergency are passed only by the Lok Sabha.

Resolutions approving the Proclamation of Emergency are passed only by the Lok Sabha. © www.TakshilaOnline.com Page
Resolutions approving the Proclamation of Emergency are passed only by the Lok Sabha. © www.TakshilaOnline.com Page
Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

Civil Services Prelims: Polity: Previous year questions

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