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Activating prior knowledge

How can we use language effectively?

What are some techniques to use language vividly?

How can we use language accurately? Inclusively? Clearly?


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By the end of todays session you will be able to:


Recognise the five ways we can use language in public
speaking.

Define what deliver is.

Listthe characteristics of effective delivery.


Identify and illustrate the characteristics of good physical and
vocal delivery.
FOR DISCUSSION

What are the characteristics of a good and


bad delivery?
Watch the following video and confirm your
answers:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1geJXMFCfF8

4.33 min
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What is delivery?
What are its charachteristics?
Delivery refers to the presentation of the speech you have
researched, organized, outlined, and practiced.

Eye contact
Gestures
physical delivery Movement
Posture
Facial expressions

Delivery relies on
Pronunciation
Articulation
Pitch
Vocal delivery
Rate
Volume
Pause
CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE
DELIVERY
Make strong eye contact

Make appropriate gestures


and movements
Posture communicates
GOOD significant information
SPEAKERS
Facial expressions should vary
to be consistent with message

Vocal variety to maintain interest

Personal appearance: dress for success


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PHYSICAL DELIVERY

Eye contact

Gestures
PHYSICAL
DELIVERY Movement

Posture

Facial expressions
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Eye Contact

Builds rapport with audience


Why? Significantly increases credibility
Keeps your audience interested.

Look at one person at a time


How? Dont be mechanical
Vary across all of audience

*Remember that eye contact involves looking people in the


eye not looking over listeners heads
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Movement

Attracts & holds audience attention


Why? Can physically relax audience
Can emphasize oral transitions

Be smooth
How? Coordinate to content
Be meaningful

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DF1qXMBnI5M#t=48
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POSTURE

Good posture suggests an alert,


Why?
knowledgeable, interested person.

Stand balanced and erect on both feet


How? DO NOT use lectern for body support
Shoulders back but relaxed
Face front as much a possible
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Facial Expressions

Determines impact of message

Why? Lack of emotion suggests you dont care

Suggests you want to be talking to them

Its okay to smile/frown/sneer/laugh/etc. as


How? long it matches the content
Dont grimace if you make a mistake
Never appear to lose emotional control
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Gestures

Retains audience attention


Why? Describes or clarifies

Accents or emphasizes

Coordinate to content
How?
Use a variety of gestures

Complete the gestures Use the whole body


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VOCAL DELIVERY

Pronunciation

Articulation

VOCAL Pitch
DELIVERY
Rate

Volume

Pause
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VOCAL DELIVERY
refers to how fast or is the loudness of the
slow you speak. speakers voice.

Rate Volume

is the sound and


rhythm of words as
indicated in the
dictionary Pause

pronunciation Momentary break in


the vocal delivery of
the speech.

refers to how high or low a


speakers voice is Articulation

Pitch Process of producing


the sound clearly and
distinctly.
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Lets analyze these examples:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_rv8AtDmyo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a_Yw_YuWJoU
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Characteristics of good vocal
delivery
GOOD SPEAKERS BAD SPEAKERS

Adequate volume Speak too softly to be heard


Articulate speech sounds Slur speech sounds clearly
clearly and distinctly Mispronounce words
Pronounce words Have a monotonous pitch
accurately Consistently speak too fast
Have varied pitch or too slowly
Vary their speaking rate Rarely pause or pause too
Pause to emphasize ideas long