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Ages 10-12

Angelina and Savannah

Cognitive Development
-Move to middle school: Adapt to multiple teachers

- teachers rely more heavily on verbal explanation,

increases listening skills and note taking.

- Like to discuss topics

-Work better in groups

Thinking skills
-Capable of much more complex thoughts.

-Master sequencing and ordering(skills for math)

-Have more complex memorization (state capitols)

-Short term memory grows and experiences make longer lasting


-Executive strategies: skills used to solve problems

-Students enjoy using various methods to solve creative

Language and Reading
-By 5th or 6th grade preteens will know about 40,000 words.

- Use more complex sentences in speech and writing.

-Understand grammar and rules of writing.

-Know words with multiple meanings.

-Often proficient readers.

-Some older children may struggle with reading.

Emotional Intelligence
- Emotional intelligence determines 80% of a persons
success (Dan Goleman, Emotional Intelligence)
- We can improve emotional intelligence in schools as
teachers by encouraging students to talk to us and
empathizing with them
- Ages 10,11,and 12 can be a calm or stormy period.
- Most children move back and forth as they struggle with
new feelings,problems,and expectations.
- Eager to please or have a bad attitude in the same day
- There are 5 Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence:

-Self-Awareness ,Handling Emotions,Motivation,Empathy, and

Social Skills.
Social Development

- Adult relationships are important

- Develop strong bonds with teachers,coaches,or club

Peer v. Family Relationships
Peer Family
-need to feel -Dont want
accepted by parents advice
others. -Bossy toward
-opinions of -parents younger siblings
peers are highly need to and annoying
valued. be toward older
-Fitting in becomes involved.
-Vulnerable to peer relationships
pressure are strained
Physical growth
-some experience a growth spurt leading up to puberty

-some maintain the looks and size of children

-Growth can be uneven

-Girls tend to develop ahead of boys

-Depending on how physical changes are timed,this can be a

time of uncertainty or a time of growing self- confidence.
-By the end of this stage preteens tend to see themselves as

-Fail to see their own limitations.

-Define themselves in appearance, material possessions, and

activity involvement.

-Deal with many worries (school failures, family problem,


-confide in friends not parents.

-Fear of rejection is strong.(feel as if everyone notices

even the smallest of differences.)
Moral Development (Challenging Stage)
-Questions about right or wrong become more of an issue.

-Number of influences are at work.

- Some still base on the possibility of reward or


-others make decisions based on the desire to be perceived

as good or bad.

-Some are based on the law or rules.

-Question some of parents values.

-Peer Pressure
Moral Development Cont.
-Want and need Guidance, but dont always accept it.

-Sensitive to criticism(Hard to offer suggestions.)

-Preteens need to learn to make and live their own


-Need more independence,but too much or lack of supervision

can lead them into some serious trouble.

-Emphasis on picking good friends, adopting strong values,

and develop social skills to withstand negative peer