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Hot Water Circulation Rates And Pipes Sizing Based On :

1- Heat Loss Rates Of The Piping.


2- Differential Temperature ( Pipings And Air ) .

Heat Loss Rates For Hot Water Supply Piping In btu/h/Linear ft 140F Piping to 70F Air

Nominal Pi 1 2 3 4 Where (1,2,3,4) Maen.


1/2 35 26 19 15 1: Calvanized Iron Or Sicel Pipe ,SPS
3/4 45 32 26 17 2: Brass Or Copper Pipe ,SPS Or Tensdless .
1 55 38 32 19 3: Copper Water Tube Type L .
1 1/4 65 46 39 21 4: All Types Of Piping /Insulated
1 1/2 73 53 46 24
2 91 65 58 29 Size Of Return Pipings :Consider As 1/2 Max Size of Supply Riser.
2 1/2 108 75 68 32 Calculate Total Heat Losses Of The Intire Hot Water Supply Piping And Return Piping:
3 130 90 81 38
4 163 113 103 46

Nominal Pipe Size In Pipe Type : 4 Length ft Total heat losses > temperature differential:
1/2 15 948 14220 20F(11.1C ) For System Equired Circulation Pumps
3/4 17 1118 19006 40F(22.2C)For System In Which Circulation Is By Gravity.
1 19 361 6859
1 1/4 21 148 3108 > Factor Applicab
1 1/2 24 730 17520 The Rate Of Heat Supplied By Circulation Rate Of One gpm In Losing 20F is
2 29 262 7598 Equal to = 10000 BTU/HR
2 1/2 32 0
3 38 0
4 46 0
Tentative heat loss rate btu/hr 68311

Circulating Pump Discharge Capacity In gpm =Tentative Heat Losses/10000 = 6.83


HEAD LOSS CALCULATION ( COLBROOK formula )

Local factors of fittings

Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

Accumulative Pressure
ID Pipe Inner diameter

RE Reynolds number
DN Nominal diameter

Loss m per 100 m


K Pipe roughness

F Liner loss factor


Total local factors

V Mean Velocity

dh(2) Local loss


dh(1) Liner loss
discharge outlet
no. part of pipe

0.2 elbow ( 45 leg.)


0.3 elbow ( 90 leg.)

GH Static heal
L Pipe length

DH Total loss
Q Flow rate

check valve
0.2 gate valve

Strainer
0.5 reducer
0.9 tee
no. DN mm m mm GPM l/s 1/1 m m/s 1/1 1/1 m m m m m m

2
A-B (S) 1 1/2" COP 37.62 10 0.01 10 0.63 1 1 2 1 1 4.2 0.56686 21323.667 0.02605 1.13 0.11 0.069 0.18 0.18 0.18

B-C (S) 2 1/2" COP 61.85 5 0.01 10 0.63 1 2 1 1.7 0.20969 12969.343 0.02911 0.11 0.01 0.004 0.01 0.01 0.19

C-D (S) 2 1/2" COP 61.85 5 0.01 10 0.63 1 1 2 2.3 0.20969 12969.343 0.02911 0.11 0.01 0.005 0.01 0.01 0.2

D-E (S) 2 1/2" COP 61.85 8 0.01 10 0.63 2 1 2 2.5 0.20969 12969.343 0.02911 0.11 0.01 0.006 0.01 0.01 0.22

E-F (S) 2 1/2" COP 61.85 12 0.01 5 0.32 1 1 2 2.3 0.10485 6484.6716 0.03489 0.03 0 0.001 0.01 0.01 0.22

F-G (S) 2" COP 49.76 12 0.01 5 0.32 2 1 2.3 0.16199 8060.3244 0.03295 0.09 0.01 0.003 0.01 0.01 0.23

G-H (S) 2" COP 49.76 5 0.01 5 0.32 3 1 1.8 0.16199 8060.3244 0.03295 0.09 0 0.002 0.01 0.01 0.24

H-I (S) 2" COP 49.76 30 0.01 3 0.19 2 7 6.9 0.09719 4836.1946 0.03789 0.04 0.01 0.003 0.01 0.01 0.26

I-J (S) 1 1/4" COP 31.62 15 0.01 3 0.19 2 3 1 3.8 0.24064 7609.7231 0.03359 0.31 0.05 0.011 0.06 0.06 0.31

J-K (S) 3/4" COP 18.92 10 0.01 2 0.13 1 3 1 3.4 0.44802 8477.9466 0.03294 1.78 0.18 0.035 0.21 0.21 0.53

K-J (R) 1/2" COP 13.39 10 0.01 2 0.13 3 1 3.2 0.89535 11984.953 0.03062 9.35 0.93 0.131 1.07 1.07 1.59

J-I (R) 3/4" COP 18.92 15 0.01 3 0.19 1 3 1 3.4 0.67204 12716.92 0.02985 3.63 0.54 0.078 0.62 0.62 2.22

I-H (R) 1" COP 25.27 30 0.01 3 0.19 2 3 1 3.8 0.37675 9521.7138 0.03182 0.91 0.27 0.027 0.3 0.3 2.52

H-G (R) 1" COP 25.27 5 0.01 5 0.32 2 7 6.9 0.62792 15869.523 0.02813 2.24 0.11 0.139 0.25 0.25 2.77

G-F (R) 1" COP 25.27 12 0.01 5 0.32 3 1 1.8 0.62792 15869.523 0.02813 2.24 0.27 0.036 0.3 0.3 3.07

F-E (R) 1 1/4" COP 31.62 12 0.01 5 0.32 2 1 2.3 0.40106 12682.872 0.02952 0.77 0.09 0.019 0.11 0.11 3.18

E-A (R) 1 1/2" COP 37.62 5 0.01 10 0.63 1 1 2 2 1 5.1 0.56686 21323.667 0.02605 1.13 0.06 0.084 0.14 0.14 3.32

TOTAL 201 9 2 0 23 45 0 9 0 0 2.67 0.653 3.32 3.32