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# Part C

## 1. In a refrigeration plant, a section of pipe carrying the refrigerant vibrated violently at a

compressor speed of 230 rpm. To eliminate this difficulty, it was proposed to clamp a
cantilever spring mass system to the pipe to act as an absorber. For a trial test, a 905 gm
absorber tuned to 230 rpm, resulted in 2 natural frequencies of 198 and 272 cpm. If the absorber
system is to be designed so that the natural frequencies lie outside the region 160 and 320 cpm,
what must be the weight and spring stiffness?

2. Find the natural frequencies of the system shown below. Assume that there is no slip
between the cord and the pulley. Take k1= 50 N/m; k2 = 70 N/m; m0 = 4 kg; m1 = 20 kg.

2. Determine the natural frequencies for the given system below by Holzers method. Take m1 = 3 kg ;
m2 = 5 kg; k1 = k2 = 100 N/m.

3. A shaft 50 mm diameter and 3 meters long is simply supported at the ends and carries 3loads of
2000 N, 3500 N and 5000 N at 2 m,
3 m and 5 m from the left support. The youngs modulus for shaft material is 200 GN/m2. Find
the frequency of transverse vibration by Dunkerleys method.

## 4. Describe the various ways to control noise with neat sketches.

4. Find the frequency for the system given below:

## 6. Explain in detail about two plane balancing of rotors.

7. Find the lowest natural frequency for the system shown below by Rayleighs method. Assume E =
1.96 X 1011 N / m2; I = 4 x 10-7 m4.

## 8. Find the frequencies of the system shown in fig 1

9. A machine runs at 5500 rpm. Its forcing frequency is very near to its natural frequency. If the nearest
frequency of the machine is to be at least 20 per cent from the forced frequency, design a suitable
vibration absorber for the system. Assume the mass of the machine as 30 kg?
9. Use Holzers method to find the natural frequencies of the systems shown in fig 2.Take I1 = I2 = I3
= 1 and Kt1 = Kt2 =1

10 Use matrix method find the natural frequency and amplitude ratio for the given system shown in fig
3.

10. Explain the field balancing of single and double plane balancing of rotors.

## 11 Explain various sound measuring instruments with neat sketches.

11. Write the governing equation using lagrangian energy method & Newtonian mechanics. Find the
amplitude ratio for m1 = 10 kg, m2 = 15 kg and K = 320N/m for the given system shown in fig 4.

12 Find the lowest natural frequency of transverse vibration for the given system shown in fig 5.using
rayleighs method. Take E = 1.96 x 10^11 N/m2 I = 10^-6 m4

## 13. Explain various noise control methods with neat sketches

1. Find the frequencies of the system shown in below

2. A machine runs at 6500 rpm. Its forcing frequency is very near to its natural frequency. If the
nearest frequency of the machine is to be at least 20 per cent from the forced frequency, design a
suitable vibration absorber for the system. Assume the mass of the machine as 35kg?

## 4 Determine natural frequencies of the system, using Eigen value method.

4. Explain
i. Single plane balancing ii. Two plane balancing

## 7 . Use holzers method to find the natural frequencies of the systems

I1= I2 =I3 = 1 and Kt1= Kt2= 1
7. Find the lowest natural frequency of transverse vibration for a 42cm length simply supportedbeam
loaded by 40Kg from 16 cm of left end and 20Kg from 18 cm of right end byRayleigh's method.
Take E - 1.96 x 1011 N/m2 I: 10-6 m4
8. In a refrigeration plant, a section of pipe carrying the refrigerantvibrated violently at a compressed
speed of 260rpm. To eliminate thisdifficulty, it was proposed to clamp a cantilever spring mass
system tothe pipe to act as an absorber. For a trial test, a 950gm absorber tunedto 260 rpm, resulted
in two natural frequencies of 208 and 282 cycles per minute,Ifthe absorber system is to be designed
so that the natural frequencieslie outside the region. 180 and 340 cpm, what must be the weight and
the spring stiffness?
8. In a refrigeration plant, a section of pipe carrying the refrigerant vibrated suddenly at a
compressor speed of 230 rpm. To eliminate this difficulty, it was proposed to clamp a
cantilever spring mass system to the pipe to act as an absorber. For a trial test, a 905 gm
absorber tuned to 230 rpm resulted in two natural frequencies of 198 cpm and 272 cpm. If
the absorber system is to be designed so that the natural frequencies lie outside the region 160 cpm
and 320 cpm, what must be the weight and spring stiffness?

9. Find the frequency of the system shown in Figure 2. Take m1 = 2kg, m2 = 0.5kg, k = 90N/m, l =
0.25m

Figure 2

10. Determine the frequency of vibration of the given system as shown in the Figure 3 using Matrix
Method. Take m1 = 2m, m2 = 2m, m3 = m and k1 = 2k, k2 = k3 = k.
11 .A shaft of negligible weight 6 cm diameter and 5 meters long is simply supported at the ends and
carries four weights 50 kg each at equal distance over the length of the shaft. Find the frequency of
vibration by Dunkerleys method. Take E = 2 X 106 kg/cm2

11. Explain
i. Single Plane Balancing
ii. Two Plane Balancing

## 12. Explain the different methods to control noise.

13. Use Holzers method to find the natural frequencies of the system as shown in Figure 4. Take I1 =
I2 = I3 = 1 and kt1 = kt2 = 1

Figure 4

14. A machine runs at 5500 rpm. Its forcing frequency is very near to the natural frequency. If the
nearest frequency of the machine is to be at least 20% from the forced frequency, design a
suitable vibration absorber for the system. Assume the mass of the machine is 30kg.

## 16. Determine the frequencies of the system as shown in Figure 5.

Part A
1. Which of the following is an example for continuous systems
a. Spring-mass system b.Spring-mass-damper system
c. Beams, rods, cables, plates d. All the above
2. Lagranges method is very suitable for
a. The presence of damping force present in a system
b. The presence of force present in a system
c. The presence of force in function and damping forces present in a system
d. All the above
3. Material handling cost is comparatively lesser in
a) Having 2 or more DOF are orthogonal
b) Are an important property while finding the mode shape
c) Are an important property while finding the node
d) Are an important property while finding the mode shape and nodes
4. Dynamic vibration absorber is suitable for
a) Constant speed machine b) Varying speed machine
c) Dual speed machine d) Critical speed machines
5. Dunkerleys method as an approximate equation can be derived
a) From the algebraic rules b) From Newtons law of motion
c) By the differential equation d) by iteration process

6. Which of the following is a trial and error method to find natural frequency of the system
a) Holzer method b) Rayleigh ritz method
c) Matrix method d) Influence coefficient method
7. Dunkerleys approximate equation is for
a) Upper bound frequency b) Lower bound frequency
c) Middle level frequency d) Resonant frequency
8. Matrix iteration method is used to determine
a) Analysis of problems in natural frequencies only
b) Analysis of problems in structures, vibrations, fluid dynamics and design
c) Large co-efficient
d) Both b & c
9. The sound pressure has same magnitude and phase at any position within
the field is called as
a) Pressure field b) Far field c) Free field d) Reverberant field
10. The instrument that measures the displacement of a vibrating body is Called a
a) Seismometer b) Transducer c) Accelerometer d) Velometer
11. Accelerometers are built with damping ratio of
a) =0 b) >1 c) =1 d) <1
12. A sound of single frequency is called as a
a) Pure tone b) Pitch of tone c) Threshold of hearing d) Sensitivity
13. A transducer with another device to measure vibration is
a. Vibration sensor b. Vibration pickup
c. Vibration actuator d. Vibration shaker
14. Rayleighs dissipation function is used to ________ matrix
a) Stiffness b) Damping c) Mass d) Diagonal
15. In a 4 DOF System, the eigen value will be
a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4
16. Which of the following recalls rayleighs method
a) Energy method b) Equilibrium method
c) Rayleigh ritz method d) Dunkerleys method
17. A system for which [k] is positive and [m] is positive definite is called a
a) Positive definite system b) Indefinite system
c) Semi definite system d) Both a & b
18. In vibration eigen vectors provide
a) Acceleration b) Mode shape c) Velocity d) Time
19. Fullerton tachometer is used to measure
a) Acceleration b) Force c) Frequency d) Displacement
a) 80 8000 Hz b) 8 800 Hz c) 8-8000 Hz d) 800 8000 Hz
21. Infinite No. of DOF system means
a) maximum no. of co-ordinates to specify their configuration
b) infinitely large no. of co-ordinates to specify their
configuration
c) minimum no. of co-ordinates to specify their configuration
d) infinite no. of natural frequencies of the system
22. The equation of motion of a 2 DOF system are in general in
the form of _____________ equations.
a) coupled algebraic b) uncoupled algebraic
c) coupled differential d) uncoupled differential equations
23. Dynamic vibration absorber is suitable for
a) Constant speed machine b) Varying speed machine
c) Dual speed machine d) Critical speed machine
24. Dynamic vibration absorber means it is possible to make the amplitude of vibration of
a) First mass to become zero b) Second mass to become zero
c)Ist mass to become maximum d)1st and 2nd mass to become zero
25. In case of 2 DOF (Degrees of freedom)system, masses will vibrate in 2 different modes called as
a) principal mode b) normal mode c) first mode d) second mode
26. Static coupling occurs due to
a) static displacement b) dynamic inertia forces
c) dynamic inertia forces d) static displacement & dynamic inertia forces
27. In vibration eigen values provide
a) acceleration b) displacement c) frequency d) time
28. In vibration eigen vectors provide
a) acceleration b) mode shape c) velocity d) time
29. Holzer method needs how many trial frequencies?
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4
30. Dunkerleys method as an approximate equation can be derived
a) from the algebraic rules b)by applying newtons law of motion
c) by iteration process d) by writing the differential equation
31. Dunkerleys method as an approximate equation is for
a) lower bound frequency b) upper bound frequency
c) all frequency d) resonant frequency
32. __________ is a trial and error method to find natural frequency of the system.
a) holzer method b) matrix method
c) Rayleigh method d)influence coefficient method
33. When (X1/X2) is unity the principle mode of vibration is called
a) mode shape b) normal mode
c) first mode d)second mode
34. Rayleighs dissipation function is used to generate ______ matrix
a) stiffness b) mass c)damping d) diagonal
35. Sound at frequency lower than 15HZ cannot be heard, such sounds are called
a) infrasonics b)ultrasonic c) noise d) second harmonic
36. Intermittent light pulses are given by
a) stroboscope b) velometer c) oscilloscope d)vibroscope
37. A sound of single frequency is called a
a) pure tone b) sensitivity
c) pitch of the tone d)threshold of hearing
38. A transducer with another device to measure vibration is called as
a) vibration pickup b) vibration shaker
c) vibration sensor d) vibration actuator
39. The circuit that permits the passage of frequency components of a signals over a frequency and rejects
all other frequency components is called as _______ filter,
a) bandpass b) harmonic c) response d)spectral
40. Accelerometers are built with damping ratio of
a) =0 b) <1 c) >1 d) =1

9. A system for which [k] is positive and [m] is positive definite is called a
a) Positive definite system b) indefinite system
c) Semidefinite system d) both a & b
10. No of degrees of freedom of the system =
a) no. of masses in the system
b) no. of masses in the system *no.of possible motions of each mass
c) no. of possible motions of each mass
d) 2 independent co-ordinates required to define the motion
11. The characteristic equation of n-DOF system is
a) Transcendental equation b) differential equation of order n
c) Polynomial of degree n d) Laplace equation
12. If a system is having 2 resonating frequencies at resonance
a) All the masses have finite no.of amplitude of vibration
b) Only one no.of amplitude of vibration
c) All the masses have infinite no.of amplitude of vibration
d) 2 no.of amplitude of vibration
13. By giving equal initial displacements to the 2 co-ordinates (masses) in the opposite direction and
start the motion, we can obtain
a) Second principal mode b) first principal mode
c) Normal mode of vibration d) mode shapes
14. By giving equal initial displacements to the 2 co-ordinates (masses) in the same direction and
start the motion, we can obtain
a) Second principal mode b) first principal mode
c) Normal mode of vibration d) mode shapes
15. Angular natural frequency of the driving shaft which rotates at 540 rpm is 62.64 rad/sec, then find
the frequency ratio
a) 1 b) 0.9 c) 0.8 d) 0.7
16. represents the centrifugal force due to the rotation of unbalanced mass.
a) me2 b) I2 c) r2 d) mv2
17. In semi definite system
a) one of the natural frequency is zero b) all natural frequency is zero
c) All natural frequency is non-zero d) there is no natural frequency
18. Mode shape for a given frequency of the system is represented by
a) Eigen values b) Eigen vectors
c) Governing equation of the system d) roots of characteristic equation.
19. Holzer method needs how many trial frequencies?
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4
20. Dunkerleys method provides
a) Angular natural frequency b) fundamental natural frequency
c) Influence coefficients d) stiffness matrix
21. Matrix iteration method is used to determine
a) Analysis of problems in natural frequencies only
b) Analysis of problems in structures, vibrations, fluid dynamics and design
c) Large no. of mathematical equations
d) Both b & c
22. Rayleigh approximation for lumped mass system.
a) Upper bound frequency b) lower bound frequency
c) All frequency d) resonant frequency
23. Rayleigh method recalls which of the following method?
a) Energy method b) equilibrium method
c) Rayleigh Ritz method d) Dunkerleys method
24. Sound at frequency lower than 15HZ cannot be heard, such sounds are called
a) Ultrasonic b) infrasonic c) noise d) both a & c
25. The circuit that permits the passage of frequency components of a signals over a frequency and
rejects all other frequency components is called a
a) Band pass filter b) frequency filter
c) Spectral filter d) response filter
26. Intermittent light pulses are given by
a) Oscilloscope b) stroboscope
c) Vibroscope d) velometer
27. Fullerton tachometer is used to measure
a) Acceleration b) force
c) Frequency d) displacement
28. A sound of single frequency is called a
a) Pure tone b) pitch of the tone
c) Threshold of hearing d) sensitivity
41. In semi definite system
(a) One of the natural frequency is Zero
(b) All natural frequency is zero
(c) All natural frequency is non-zero
(d) There is no natural frequency

## 42. In dynamic vibration absorber the resonance is avoided by

(a) Low mass ratio (b) High mass ratio
(c) Mass ratio is zero (d) Mass ratio is infinite

## 43. Dynamic vibration absorbance is suitable for

(a) Varying speed machines (b) Constant speed machines
(c) Dual speed machines (d) Critical speed machines

## 44. If the masses vibrate in same frequency and in phase it is called

(a) Damped vibration
(b) Normal mode vibration
(c) Secondary mode vibration
(d) Principal mode vibration

## 45. The shaft carrying three rotors will have

(a) Zero node (b) One node
(c) Two node (d) Three node
46. The number of natural frequencies of n degrees of freedom system can be
(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) n (d) infinity

(a) Acceleration
(b) Frequency
(c) Displacement
(d) Time

## 17. Influence coefficients can be determined by using

(a) Orthogonality principle
(b) Rayleigh Ritz method
(c) Matrix iteration method
(d) Maxwell reciprocal theorem

## 18. Dunkerleys method is used to find the natural frequency of

(a) Longitudinal vibration (b) Transverse vibration
(c) Torsional vibration (d) spring mass system

19. Rayleighs method uses which of the following method to find the natural frequency of the system
(a) Energy method (b) Newton method
(c) Equilibrium method (d) Torsional shear stress

20. Holzers method is used to find the natural frequencies of which of the following system
(a) 2 DOF (b) 1 DOF
(c) Multi DOF (d) Rigid system

## 21. Mode shape of a given frequency of system is represented by

(a) Eigen Values
(b) Eigen vectors
(c) Governing equation of system
(d) Roots of characteristic equation.

22. Which of the following device can convert electrical signal into mechanical output or vice versa
(a) Muffler (b) Transducer
(c) Microphone (d) Sound meter.
23. Which of the following is not a type of microphone
(a) Ceramic microphone (b) Condenser microphone
(c) Electret microphone (d) Muffler microphone

## 24. Which of following device is known as multi read instrument

(a) Fullarton Tachometer (b) Frahm Tachometer
(c) Vibrometer (d) Accelarometer

## 25. LVDT stands for

(a) Line variation digital tachometer
(b) Low velocity digital tachometer
(c) Linearly velocity differential transformer
(d) Linearly variable differential transformer

## 26. The distance between 2 consecutive crests of a wave is called the

(a) Amplitude (b) Wavelength
(c) Wave speed (d) Frequency

27. The range of audible sound pressure to which the human ear is likely to be subjected is
(a) 0.00002 to 200N/m2 (b) 200 to 500 N/m2
2
(c) 500 to 1000 N/m (d) 1000 to 2000 N/m2

28. Which of the following material has good sound absorption coefficient?
(a) Brick (c) Glass fiber
(b) Concrete (d) Plaster

29. Range of frequencies in which the highest frequency within the range is twice the lower frequency
within range is
(a) Narrow band (c) Octave band
(b) One third band (d) Two third band

Part B

## 31. Explain what is static and dynamic coupling in vibration system?

32. Find the equation of motion of the given system as shown in Figure 1 using Lagranges Equation.

Figure 1
33. What are the different vibration monitoring techniques?

## 34. What is the difference between transducer and pickup?

35. What are the different machine condition monitoring techniques used in vibration analysis?

36. What is daily dose of noise? Why decibel is used to measure sound?
37. Write short note on static, dynamic and coordinate coupling.
38. Discuss on experimental modal analysis.
39. What is daily dose of noise? Why decibel scale is used to measure sound?
40. Briefly discuss on generalized coordinate and Lagranges equation.
41. Relate Sound power level, sound pressure level and sound intensity level.
42. State Rayleigh-Ritz method and Dunkerley's equation for multi DOF system.
43. Write short notes on condition monitoring techniques
44. What is meant by static and dynamic coupling in vibration systems?
45. Define principal mode and normal mode of vibration.
46. Discuss orthogonality principle for 3 DOF systems.
47. Define influence coefficient and maxwells reciprocal theorem.
48. Write short note on experimental modal analysis with neat sketch.
49. Define sound power level and sound intensity level.
50. What is daily dose of noise? Why decibel scale is used to measure sound?
51. Brief on co-ordinate coupling.
52. What is the difference between vibration absorber and vibration isolator.
53. Define Flexibility influence co-efficient.
54. Write the assumptions made in Rayleighs method.
55. What do you mean by transducers and name the types of transducers.
56. Write about the sources of noise.
57. Define an octave band.