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Beam A8 - G8 effective span= 14 m

Loading Slab Panel 13.72 x 3.28 m and 13.72 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Terrace Level Load Calculation

Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 5.2 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 5.2 kN/m

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 2 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.89 kN/m 2 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.89 kN/m

Total Dead Load ### kN/m Total Dead Load 8.1 kN/m
Design Dead Load ### kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =

Floor LL 1.5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.17 kN/m 1.5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.17 kN/m

Design Live Load 6.5 kN/m

Typical Floor Load Calculation

Loading Slab Panel 13.72 x 3.28 m and 13.72 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 5.2 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 5.2 kN/m

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 2.95 (floor height) = 7.88 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.17 kN/m 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.17 kN/m

Total Dead Load ### kN/m Total Dead Load 7.4 kN/m
Design Dead Load ### kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =
Floor LL 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 7.22 kN/m 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 7.22 kN/m

Design Live Load ### kN/m

Ground Floor Load Calculation

Loading Slab Panel 13.72 x 3.28 m and 13.72 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 5.2 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 5.2 kN/m

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.17 kN/m 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 2.17 kN/m

Total Dead Load ### kN/m Total Dead Load 7.4 kN/m
Design Dead Load ### kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =

Floor LL 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 7.22 kN/m 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (13.72 + 10.44) x (1/ 13.72) = 7.22 kN/m

Design Live Load ### kN/m


Right Side of the beam
kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

Right Side of the beam


kN/m

kN/m

kN/m
kN/m

Right Side of the beam


kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m
Beam H8 - M8 effective span= 10.05 m
Loading Slab Panel 10.05 x 3.28 m and 10.05 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Terrace Level Load Calculation

Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 4.941 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 4.94 kN/

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 2 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.745 kN/m 2 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.74 kN/

Total Dead Load 12.7 kN/m Total Dead Load 7.7 kN


Design Dead Load 30.6 kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =

Floor LL 1.5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.059 kN/m 1.5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.06 kN/

Design Live Load 6.2 kN/m

Typical Floor Load Calculation

Loading Slab Panel 10.05 x 3.28 m and 10.05 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 4.941 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 4.94 kN/

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 3.65 (floor height) = 9.746 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.059 kN/m 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.06 kN/

Total Dead Load 21.8 kN/m Total Dead Load 7.0 kN


Design Dead Load 43.2 kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =
Floor LL 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 6.862 kN/m 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 6.86 kN/

Design Live Load 20.6 kN/m

Ground Floor Load Calculation

Loading Slab Panel 10.05 x 3.28 m and 10.05 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 4.941 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 4.94 kN/

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 2.95 (floor height) = 14.46 kN/m

Floor Finish 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.059 kN/m 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 2.06 kN/

Total Dead Load 26.5 kN/m Total Dead Load 7.0 kN


Design Dead Load 50.2 kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =

Floor LL 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 6.862 kN/m 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (10.05 + 6.77) x (1/ 10.05) = 6.86 kN/

Design Live Load 20.6 kN/m

ULATION

B -Bending Moment
Max moment at suppoMsup = - ql/12 = #REF! kN/m
Max moment at mid sMmid = ql/24 = #REF! kN/m
C -Beam Section
L L 10050 10050
h= to = to h=717.857 mm h= 400 mm
10 15 10 15
b=(0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) 400 b=323.036 mm b= 200 mm
Cover: C= 25 mm ;Assume Steel Bar DR= 8 mm ;DT= 20 mm
d=h - C - DR/2 - DT/2 = 400 - 25 - 4 - 10 = 361 mm d'= 35 mm
D-Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= 30 N/mm ; fy v= 250 N/mm fy = 390 N/mm

a -Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= #REF! kNm

Compression Steel Area


Existing Steel Area 2 T 20 As'= 628 mm2
Tension Steel Area 0
Existing Steel Area 4 T 20 As= 1256 mm2 0 T 25 As'= mm2
Total Steel Area 1884 mm
P=100(As,req / bd) 2.355 > 0.13 < 4 OK
b -Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= #REF! kNm

Compression Steel Area


Existing Steel Area 2 T 20 As'= 628 mm2
Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area 4 T 20 As= 1256 mm2
Total Steel Area 1884 mm
P=100(As,req / bd) 2.355 > 0.13 < 4 OK

ULATION

c -Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam =
Uniformly distributed #REF! x 1 = ### kN/m ### x 1 ### kN
Total uniformly distributed load
### + #REF! = #REF! kN/m

Max Shear at Support


Vmax = ql/2 = #REF! kN
Vstress = Vmax / bd = #REF! N/mm
Max Shear Stress 0.8(fcu^(1/2)) = 4.382 N/mm
Vcapacity = (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]

= 0.95 N/mm
Vcapacity +0.4=1.35 N/mm

Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))


Asv(bv Sv(vs-vc))/0.87fy Assume 6 mm Area of link Asv= 57 mm2
Link SpacinSv(Asv x 0.87fy)/(bv(vs-vc)) = ### mm 30 mm
Hence R6@30
Existing Link 6 mm @ 150 mm not enough

ULATION

Shear at L/4
Vmax = qll/4 / 2 = #REF! kN
Vstress = Vmax / bd = #REF! N/mm
Max Shear Stress 0.8(fcu^(1/2)) = 1.6 N/mm
Vcapacity = (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= 0.95 N/mm
Vcapacity +0.4=1.35 N/mm

Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))


Asv(bv Sv(vs-vc))/0.87fy Assume 6 mm Area of link Asv= 57 mm2
Link SpacinSv(Asv x 0.87fy)/(bv(vs-vc)) = ### mm 50 mm
Hence R6@50
Existing Link 6 mm @ 150 mm not enough

d -Check Deflection
Mmax ### x 106
= = #REF!
bd2 200 x 130321
5 As,req 2 1884
fs = fy = x 390 x = 260 (Service Stress)
8 As,pro 3 1884
477 - fs
modification factor = 0.55 + = ###
120 (0.9+(M / bd2))
Bassic span/depth = 26 ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
Allowable span/dep = 26 x #REF! = #REF!
Actual span/depth = l / 250 = 10050 / 250 = 40.2 mm
Allowable span/depth= #REF! ### Actual span/depth = 40 ###

ULATION

e -Check Cracking
Refer 3.12.11.2.3
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars

Allowable clear distance between bars

= 155 (table 3.28)


S1 = (b-2(cover)-2(links)-2(bar))/2

= 47 mm < 155 OK

Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S2 = ((y2+y2)^(1/2))-(bar/2)

y = cover+link+(bar/2)

= 43 mm

Allowable distance

= 155x0.5 = 77.5 mm

S2 = 50.81 mm < 77.5 bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking

Distance between bars

Sb 250 mm

Minimum size bar

> ((Sbb/fy)^(1/2))

> 11.32 mm Provide DB12 @ 250


Right Side of the beam
kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

Right Side of the beam


kN/m

kN/m

kN/m
kN/m

Right Side of the beam


kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

OUTPUT
mm2

OUTPUT

kN/m
OUTPUT
OUTPUT
Beam G8 - H8 effective span= 3.35 m
Loading Slab Panel 3.35 x 3.28 m and 3.35 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Terrace Level Load Calculation

Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 3.01 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 3.01 kN/m

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 2 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.67 kN/m 2 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.67 kN/m

Total Dead Load 9.7 kN/m Total Dead Load 4.7 kN/m
Design Dead Load ### kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =

Floor LL 1.5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.26 kN/m 1.5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.26 kN/m

Design Live Load 3.8 kN/m

Typical Floor Load Calculation

Loading Slab Panel 3.35 x 3.28 m and 3.35 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 3.01 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 3.01 kN/m

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.26 kN/m 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.26 kN/m

Total Dead Load 9.3 kN/m Total Dead Load 4.3 kN/m
Design Dead Load ### kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =
Floor LL 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 4.19 kN/m 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 4.19 kN/m

Design Live Load ### kN/m

Ground Floor Load Calculation

Loading Slab Panel 3.35 x 3.28 m and 3.35 x 3.3 m and 0.15 mTHK
Dead Load
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam
Slab 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 3.01 kN/m 24 kN/m x 0.15 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 3.01 kN/m

Beam 24 kN/m x 0.3 x 0.7 = 5.04 kN/m

Wall 10cm 2.67 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Wall 23cm 4.9 kN/mx 0 (floor height) = 0 kN/m

Floor Finish 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.26 kN/m 1.5 kN/mx 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 1.26 kN/m

Total Dead Load 9.3 kN/m Total Dead Load 4.3 kN/m
Design Dead Load ### kN/m
Live Load or Imposed load =

Floor LL 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 4.19 kN/m 5 kN/m x 1 x (1.64 / 2) x (3.35 + 0.07) x (1/ 3.35) = 4.19 kN/m

Design Live Load ### kN/m

CULATION

B -Bending Moment
Max moment at suppoMsup = - ql/12 = #REF! kN/m
Max moment at mid sMmid = ql/24 = #REF! kN/m
C -Beam Section
L L 3350 3350
h= to = to h=239.286 mm h= 400 mm
10 15 10 15
b=(0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) 400 b=107.679 mm b= 200 mm
Cover: C= 25 mm ;Assume Steel Bar DR= 8 mm ;DT= 20 mm
d=h - C - DR/2 - DT/2 = 400 - 25 - 4 - 10 = 361 mm d'= 35 mm
D-Define Steel Area
Assume fcu= 30 N/mm ; fy v= 250 N/mm fy = 390 N/mm

a -Define Steel Area at Support Mmax= #REF! kNm

Compression Steel Area


Existing Steel Area 2 T 20 As'= 628 mm2
Tension Steel Area 0
Existing Steel Area 4 T 20 As= ### mm2 0 T 25 As'= mm2
Total Steel Area 1884 mm
P=100(As,req / bd) 2.355 > 0.13 < 4 OK
b -Define Steel Area at Mid span Mmax= #REF! kNm

Compression Steel Area


Existing Steel Area 2 T 20 As'= 628 mm2
Tension Steel Area
Existing Steel Area 4 T 20 As= ### mm2
Total Steel Area 1884 mm
P=100(As,req / bd) 2.355 > 0.13 < 4 OK

CULATION

c -Link or Stirrup
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load for bending moment
Left Side of the beam Right Side of the beam =
Uniformly distributed #REF! x 1 = ### kN/m ### x 1 ### kN/m
Total uniformly distributed load
### + #REF! = #REF! kN/m

Max Shear at Support


Vmax = ql/2 = #REF! kN
Vstress = Vmax / bd = #REF! N/mm
Max Shear Stress 0.8(fcu^(1/2)) = 4.38 N/mm
Vcapacity = (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]

= 0.95 N/mm
Vcapacity +0.4=1.35 N/mm

Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))


Asv(bv Sv(vs-vc))/0.87fy Assume 6 mm Area of link Asv= 57 mm2
Link SpacinSv(Asv x 0.87fy)/(bv(vs-vc)) = ### mm 30 mm
Hence R6@30
Existing Link 6 mm @ 150 mm not enough

CULATION

Shear at L/4
Vmax = qll/4 / 2 = #REF! kN
Vstress = Vmax / bd = #REF! N/mm
Max Shear Stress 0.8(fcu^(1/2)) = 1.6 N/mm
Vcapacity = (0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]
= 0.95 N/mm
Vcapacity +0.4=1.35 N/mm

Vc+0.4 Vs < 0.8(fcu^(1/2))


Asv(bv Sv(vs-vc))/0.87fy Assume 6 mm Area of link Asv= 57 mm2
Link SpacinSv(Asv x 0.87fy)/(bv(vs-vc)) = ### mm 50 mm
Hence R6@50
Existing Link 6 mm @ 150 mm not enough

d -Check Deflection
Mmax ### x 106
= = #REF!
bd2 200 x 130321
5 As,req 2 1884
fs = fy = x 390 x = 260 (Service Stress)
8 As,pro 3 1884
477 - fs
modification factor = 0.55 + = ###
120 (0.9+(M / bd2))
Bassic span/depth = 26 ( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)
Allowable span/dep = 26 x #REF! = #REF!
Actual span/depth = l / 250 = 3350 / 250 = 13.4 mm
Allowable span/depth= #REF! ###Actual span/depth = 13 ###

CULATION

e -Check Cracking
Refer 3.12.11.2.3
1/ CLear distance between horizontal tension bars

Allowable clear distance between bars

= 155 (table 3.28)


S1 = (b-2(cover)-2(links)-2(bar))/2

= 47 mm < 155 OK

Clear Distance between the face of the beam and nearest longitudinal bar in tension
S2 = ((y2+y2)^(1/2))-(bar/2)

y = cover+link+(bar/2)

= 43 mm

Allowable distance

= 155x0.5 = 77.5 mm

S2 = 50.81 mm < 77.5 bar should be provided in side faces of beam to control cracking

Distance between bars

Sb 250 mm

Minimum size bar

> ((Sbb/fy)^(1/2))

> 11.32 mm Provide DB12 @ 250


Right Side of the beam
kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

Right Side of the beam


kN/m

kN/m

kN/m
kN/m

Right Side of the beam


kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

OUTPUT
mm2

OUTPUT

kN/m
OUTPUT
OUTPUT
Section b h Span
Beam 300 700 H1 = 3650
Column 450 600 H2 = 3650
L1 = 13720
L2 = 3350
L3 = 10050

Ibeam = (300x700^3)/12 8575000000 mm4


Icol = (450x600^3)/12 8100000000 mm4

Moment of Relative Total


JOINT MEMBER Length
Inertia Stiffness Stiffness

AA1 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822


A AG 8575000000 13720 625000 5063356
AA2 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
GG1 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
GA 8575000000 13720 625000
G 7623058
GH 8575000000 3350 2559701.4925
GG2 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
HH1 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
HG 8575000000 3350 2559701.4925
H 7851291
HM 8575000000 10050 853233.83085
HH2 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
MM1 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
M MH 8575000000 10050 853233.83085 5291590
MM2 8100000000 3650 2219178.0822
mm
mm
mm AG
mm GH
mm HM

Distributio
n factor

0.438282
0.1234359
0.438282
0.2911139
0.0819881
0.3357841
0.2911139
0.2826513
0.326023
0.1086743
0.2826513
0.4193783
0.1612434
0.4193783
( ) x /
( ) x /

Moments in Beam
Case 1:

DL+LL DL DL+LL

A G H

Length 13.72 3.35 10.05


Load 63.2 20.4 63.8

TOT 451.98 -325.44 204.77


BAL 17.47 -42.39 58.38
BAL 434.51 -283.05 146.39
DF 0.44 0.29 0.28
JOINT A G H
DF 0.44 0.12 0.08 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.11
FEM -991.39 991.39 -19.08 19.08 -537.00
BAL 434.51 122.37 -79.72 -283.05 -326.49 168.85 146.39 56.28
CO -39.859 61.186 84.427 -163.243 -43.294
BAL 17.47 4.92 -11.94 -42.39 -48.89 67.34 58.38 22.45
TOT 451.98 -903.95 960.92 -325.44 -310.03 92.02 204.77 -501.56

Case 2:

DL DL+LL DL
A G H

Length 13.72 3.35 10.05


Load 41.5 33 43.2

TOT 296.46 -208.02 131.77


BAL 11.14 -27.49 37.71
BAL 285.32 -180.53 94.05
DF 0.44 0.29 0.28
JOINT A G H
DF 0.44 0.12 0.08 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.11
FEM -650.99 650.99 -30.86 30.86 -363.61
BAL 285.32 80.36 -50.84 -180.53 -208.23 108.48 94.05 36.16
CO -25.422 40.178 54.242 -104.115 -29.315
BAL 11.14 3.14 -7.74 -27.49 -31.70 43.50 37.71 14.50
TOT 296.46 -592.92 632.58 -208.02 -216.55 78.73 131.77 -342.26

Case 3:

DL+LL DL DL

A G H

Length 13.72 3.35 10.05


Load 63.2 20.4 43.2

TOT 451.98 -317.22 151.81


BAL 17.47 -34.16 54.43
BAL 434.51 -283.05 97.38
DF 0.44 0.29 0.28
JOINT A G H
DF 0.44 0.12 0.08 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.11
FEM -991.39 991.39 -19.08 19.08 -363.61
BAL 434.51 122.37 -79.72 -283.05 -326.49 112.32 97.38 37.44
CO -39.859 61.186 56.162 -163.243 -29.315
BAL 17.47 4.92 -9.62 -34.16 -39.40 62.78 54.43 20.93
TOT 451.98 -903.95 963.24 -317.22 -328.81 30.94 151.81 -334.56

Case 4:

DL+LL DL+LL DL
A G H

Length 13.72 3.35 10.05


Load 63.2 33 43.2

TOT 451.77 -313.23 147.92


BAL 17.26 -33.60 53.87
BAL 434.51 -279.62 94.05
DF 0.44 0.29 0.28
JOINT A G H
DF 0.44 0.12 0.08 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.11
FEM -991.39 991.39 -30.86 30.86 -363.61
BAL 434.51 122.37 -78.75 -279.62 -322.53 108.48 94.05 36.16
CO -39.376 61.186 54.242 -161.265 -29.315
BAL 17.26 4.86 -9.46 -33.60 -38.76 62.13 53.87 20.71
TOT 451.77 -903.53 964.36 -313.23 -337.91 40.21 147.92 -336.05

Case 5:

DL DL+LL DL+LL

A G H

Length 13.72 3.35 10.05


Load 41.5 33 63.8

TOT 296.46 -216.24 184.72


BAL 11.14 -35.71 41.67
BAL 285.32 -180.53 143.06
DF 0.44 0.29 0.28
JOINT A G H
DF 0.44 0.12 0.08 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.280.11
FEM -650.99 650.99 -30.86 30.86 -537.00
BAL 285.32 80.36 -50.84 -180.53 -208.23 165.01 143.06 55.00
CO -25.422 40.178 82.506 -104.115 -43.294
BAL 11.14 3.14 -10.06 -35.71 -41.20 48.06 41.67 16.02
TOT 296.46 -592.92 630.27 -216.24 -197.78 139.82 184.72 -509.27

Case 6:

DL DL DL+LL
A G H

Length 13.72 3.35 10.05


Load 41.5 20.4 63.8

TOT 296.67 -220.23 188.61


BAL 11.35 -36.27 42.22
BAL 285.32 -183.96 146.39
DF 0.44 0.29 0.28
JOINT A G H
DF 0.44 0.12 0.08 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.11
FEM -650.99 650.99 -19.08 19.08 -537.00
BAL 285.32 80.36 -51.81 -183.96 -212.19 168.85 146.39 56.28
CO -25.905 40.178 84.427 -106.093 -43.294
BAL 11.35 3.20 -10.22 -36.27 -41.84 48.70 42.22 16.23
TOT 296.67 -593.34 629.14 -220.23 -188.68 130.54 188.61 -507.77
M

-237.01
-11.80
-225.20
0.42
M
0.16 0.42
537.00
-86.59 -225.20
28.142
-4.54 -11.80
474.01 -237.01
M

-160.07
-7.58
-152.49
0.42
M
0.16 0.42
363.61
-58.63 -152.49
18.081
-2.92 -7.58
320.14 -160.07

-160.34
-7.85
-152.49
0.42
M
0.16 0.42
363.61
-58.63 -152.49
18.721
-3.02 -7.85
320.68 -160.34
M

-160.07
-7.58
-152.49
0.42
M
0.16 0.42
363.61
-58.63 -152.49
18.081
-2.92 -7.58
320.14 -160.07

-236.74
-11.53
-225.20
0.42
M
0.16 0.42
537.00
-86.59 -225.20
27.502
-4.43 -11.53
473.48 -236.74
M

-237.01
-11.80
-225.20
0.42
M
0.16 0.42
537.00
-86.59 -225.20
28.142
-4.54 -11.80
474.01 -237.01
1.4DL + 1.6LL
1.0LL

L2 L3

DL+LL DL+LL DL+LL

A G H

13.72 3.35 10.05


63.2 33 63.8
CASE A G H
1 451.9774 -903.955 960.919 -325.443 -310.033 92.02406 204.7682 -501.561
2 296.46 -592.92 632.58 -208.02 -216.55 78.73 131.77 -342.26
3 451.9774 -903.955 963.2363 -317.215 -328.806 30.9383 151.8089 -334.556
4 451.77 -903.53 964.36 -313.23 -337.91 40.21 147.92 -336.05
5 296.4596 -592.919 630.2672 -216.243 -197.781 139.8172 184.7248 -509.267
6 296.6713 -593.343 629.1436 -220.233 -188.678 130.5419 188.6147 -507.771

MEMBER AG GA GH HG HM
MOMENT -903.955 963.2363 -337.91 139.8172 -509.267
REACTION 437.8728 552.2797 320.2459
433.552 59.13 3.51
-4.32081 4.32 -59.13
55.275 320.595
433.552 55.275
429.2312 552.28 320.2459

Ra taking moment about G


13.72*Ra + 963.23 = 903.896 + (63.2*13.72*13.72/2)
Ra = 429.2274 kN

Rg taking moment about H


(429.23*(13.72+3.35)) + 3.35*Rb + 963.23+139.82 = 337.91+903.95 + (63.2*13.72*((13.72/2)+3.35)) +(33*3.35
Rg = 552.2695 kN

1127.348
M

M
474.0139 -237.007
320.14 -160.07
320.6817 -160.341
320.14 -160.07
473.4769 -236.738
474.0139 -237.007

474.0139
317.0872
-3.51
320.595

317.0872
*((13.72/2)+3.35)) +(33*3.35*3.35/2)
Design of Slab as per IS:456-2000:

Material :
Concrete Grade M 25
Reinforcement Steel Grade Fe 415

Dimensions:
Short Span : Lx: 3.28 m
Long Span : Ly: 3.35 m

Effective Cover: 25 mm (Cover should comply clause 26.4


of IS:456)
Load :
Floor Finish Load wf: 1.5 kN/m2
Live Load wL: 5 kN/m2
Load Factor for BM: 1.5
Load Factor for SF: 1.5
Calculations:
Aspect ratio=Ly/Lx= 1.0213415
Slab designed as: Two Way Slab

Bending Moment Coefficients:


ax support = 0.0459 For short span support moment.
ax span = 0.0354 For short span span moment.
ay support = 0.000 For Long span support moment.
ay span = 0.035 For Long span span moment.

Depth assumed D = 150 mm Hence safe


Selfweight wself =25xD/1000= 3.75 kN/m 2
( Density of concrete assumed 25 kN/m3)
Load intensity = w = wself+wf+wL= 10.25 kN/m2
Effective depth d= D - Eff. Cover= 125 mm
Factored Bending Moments=Factor x w x Coefficient x Lx 2

Mu/bd2 pt req Ast req


% mm2/ m
Mux support= 7.585 kN m 0.485 0.138 172.07
Mux span= 5.860 kN m 0.375 0.106 132.23
Muy support= 0.000 kN m 0.000 0.000 0.00
Muy span= 5.789 kN m 0.371 0.104 130.61

Minimum Ast req=0.12xD/1000= 180 mm2 per meter


Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section)
Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller

Reinforcement Provided:
Short Span Support: 10 Dia at 150 c/c Ast= 523.3333333333
Short Span Span: 10 Dia at 200 c/c Ast= 392.5
Long Span Support: 10 Dia at 250 c/c Ast= 314
Long Span Span: 10 Dia at 250 c/c Ast= 314

Check for Deflection:


Basic L/d = 26 (Clause 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000)
Modification factor= 2 ( Figure 4 of IS 456-2000)
d req as per deflection control=Lx/(Basic L/d x Modification factor )= 63.08
d required < d provided so, Hence safe

Check for Shear:


Shear Force Vu= Factor x w x Lx/2= 25.215 kN
Nominal Shear Stress=Vu/bd= 0.202 N/mm2
%reinforcement= 0.314 %
Beta= 9.244
t c= 0.402 N/mm2
k= 1.3 As per Clause 40.2.1.1 IS:456:2000
kxtc= 0.523 N/mm2 so, Hence safe
Design of Slab as per IS:456-2000:

Material :
Concrete Grade M 25
Reinforcement Steel Grade Fe 500

Dimensions:
Short Span : Lx: 3.28 m
Long Span : Ly: 13.72 m

Effective Cover: 25 mm (Cover should comply clause 26.4 of IS:456)


Load :
Floor Finish Load wf: 1.5 kN/m2
Live Load wL: 5 kN/m2
Load Factor for BM: 1.5
Load Factor for SF: 1.5

Calculations:
Aspect ratio=Ly/Lx= 1.0213415
Slab designed as: One Way Slab

Bending Moment Coefficients:


ax support = 0.0459 For short span support moment.
ax span = 0.0354 For short span span moment.
ay support = 0.000 For Long span support moment.
ay span = 0.035 For Long span span moment.

Depth assumed D = 150 mm


Selfweight wself =25xD/1000= 3.75 kN/m2
Load intensity = w = wself+wf+wL= 10.25 kN/m2
Effective depth d= D - Eff. Cover= 125 mm
Factored Bending Moments=Factor x w x Coefficient x Lx 2

Mu/bd2=Mux106/(1000xd2)
pt req is from charts of SP-16.
Mu/bd2 pt req Ast req
% mm2/ m
Mux support= 7.585 kN m 0.485 0.138 172.07
Mux span= 5.860 kN m 0.375 0.106 132.23
Muy support= 0.000 kN m 0.000 0.000 0.00
Muy span= 5.789 kN m 0.371 0.104 130.61

Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section)


Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller
Reinforcement Provided:
Short Span Support: 10 Dia at 150 c/c Ast= 523.333333
Short Span Span: 10 Dia at 200 c/c Ast= 392.5
Long Span Support: 10 Dia at 200 c/c Ast= 314
Long Span Span: 10 Dia at 200 c/c Ast= 314

Check for Deflection:


Basic L/d = 26 (Clause 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000)
Modification factor= 2 ( Figure 4 of IS 456-2000)
Depth req as per deflection control=Lx/(Basic L/d x Modification factor 63.08
Depth required < d provided Hence Safe.

Check for Shear:


Shear Force Vu= Factor x w x Lx/2= 25.215 kN
Nominal Shear Stress=Vu/bd= 0.202 N/mm2
%reinforcement= 0.314 %
Beta= 9.244
t c= 0.402 N/mm2
k= 1.3 As per Clause 40.2.1.1 IS:456:2000
kxtc= 0.523 N/mm2 Hence Safe.
T BEAM DESIGN
STEP 1 : GIVEN DATA

Grade of Concrete fck 25 N/mm2


Grade of Steel fy 415 N/mm2
Unit Weight of concrete gc 25 KN/m2
Size of the beam 300 700
Max +ve Bending moment of the beam M1 553.48 KN-m
Max -ve Bending moment of the beam M2 963.24 KN-m
Shear force of the beam F 552.28 KN
Length of the beam l 13.72 m
Overall depth of the beam D 700 mm
Effective depth of the beam d 660 mm
Breadth of the web bw 300 mm
Depth of the flange df 150 mm
Diameter of Main Reinforcement d1 32 mm
Diameter of distribution Reinforcement d2 10 mm
STEP 2 : CALCULATION OF BREADTH OF THE FLANGE

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 37 clause 23.1.2

Breadth of the flange bf = ((l/6)+bw+6df) 3490 mm

STEP 3 : CHECK FOR DEPTH

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 70
xumax/d= 0.48
From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause G.1.1 c
Mu lim=0.36 * (xu max /d)((1-0.42 xu max/d))b*d2*fck
= 963240000 0.1728 0.7984 7500 d2
d2= 930912.75143 mm2
Required Effective depth d Req= 970 mm
Required Overall depth D Req= 1010 mm
Provided overall depth D= 700 mm
Hence
Provide an effective depth dp= 970
Provide an overall depth depth D pro= 1010 mm
STEP 4 : CALCULATION OF AREA OF REINFORCEMENT

AT MID SPAN:
From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96

CASE 1 : NUTRAL AXIS LIES WITH IN THE FLANGE


Actual Bending moment of the beam M 553480000 N-mm

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause G.1.1 c


Assume Xu max = X u = Df

xumax/d 0.1546391753
From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause G.1.1 c
Mu lim=0.36 * (xu max /d)((1-0.42 xu max/d))b*d2*fck

Mu lim 0.0556701 0.935052 82093525000


Mu 1 4273330500 N-mm

M < Mu1

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause G.1.1 b

Mu=0.87* fy*Ast*d((1-(Ast*fy)/(b*d*fck))
553480000 -350218.5 Ast 0.668994269 Ast2

348097.541 698316 2120.959145 Ast1= 521914.81516 mm2

Ast2= 1585.1848379 mm2

Area of mainReinforcement Ast= 1585.1848379 mm2


CASE 2 : NUTRAL AXIS LIES OUT SIDE THE FLANGE

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause 2.2

M > Mu 1
Assume Xu =X u max = ( df/0.43) 348.8372093
xumax/d 0.359625989
calculation of moment of resistance Mu 2

Mu 2= Mu flange + Mu web
Mu flange =((0.45fck(bf-bw)df(d-.5D)) 2503153125 N-mm

CALCULATION OF REINFORCEMENT
FLANGE REINFORCEMENT

M = Cuf + Cu d)
Cuf =( 0.45fck(bf-bw)df Cuf 36246375

Cud 517233625

Asf =(( Cuf )/(0.87* fy) Asf 100391.56627 mm2

WEB REINFORCEMENT

Mu web =( M - Mu flange) -1949673125 N-mm


Mu = Mu web b= bw

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause G.1.1 b

Mu=0.87* fy*Ast*d((1-(Ast*fy)/(b*d*fck))
-1.95E+09 -350219 Ast 19.9781 Ast2

527689.356 877907.9 -177470.856 Ast1= 21971.755471 mm2

Ast2= -4441.634989 mm2

Area of mainReinforcement Asw= -4441.634989 mm2

Total area of reinforcement = Asf +As w Ast 95949.931276 mm2


FINAL AREA OF REINFORCEMENT = Ast 1585.1848379 mm2

STEP 4 : CALCULATION OF NUMBER OF REINFORCEMENT:

No of reinforcement =((Ast / ast))

Area of the main reinforcement =((3.14*d1^2)/4) 803.84 mm2

No of reinforcement 2

STEP 5 : CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS

( I ) NOMINAL SHEAR STRESS


t v=((V/b*d)) tv 1.8978694158 N/mm2

( ii ) PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS


From IS 456:2000 Pg No 73 table 19

100 Ast/( b*d) 0.5447370577


For 0.544737 tc 0.504 N/mm2

IT IS NOT SAFE AGAINST SHEAR

Assume 2 legged 8 mm diameter stirups

Asv=(3.14*d2^2)/4) 157 mm2

Spcing of stirups Sv =((Asv*0.87*fy)/(0.4*bw) 470 mm

minimum spacing 300 mm

Assume 2 legged 10 mm diameter stirups

Vs = Vu-tc b d 405616 Kn

Spacing of stirups Sv =(0.87 fy Asv d)/Vs 135.55753348 mm


Adopt sapcing of stirups Sv 130 mm
FINAL SPACING OF STIRIUPS Sv 130 mm

STEP 5 : CALCULATION OF AREA OF REINFORCEMENT

AT SUPPORT :
From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96

Actual Bending moment of the beam M 963240000 N-mm

From IS 456:2000 Pg No 96 clause G.1.1 b

Mu=0.87* fy*Ast*d((1-(Ast*fy)/(b*d*fck))
963240000 -350218.5 Ast 19.9781 Ast2

213724.537 563943 136493.9634 Ast1= 14114.03078 mm2

Ast2= 3416.089702 mm2

Area of mainReinforcement Ast= 3416.089702 mm2

STEP 6 : CALCULATION OF NUMBER OF REINFORCEMENT:

No of reinforcement =((Ast / ast))


rod dia 32
Area of the main reinforcement =((3.14*d1^2)/4) 803.84 mm2

No of reinforcement 5
61

STEP 7 : CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS

( I ) NOMINAL SHEAR STRESS


t v=((V/b*d)) tv 1.8978694158 N/mm2

( ii ) PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS


From IS 456:2000 Pg No 73 table 19

100 Ast/( b*d) 1.1739139869


For 1.173914 tc 0.5 N/mm2

IT IS NOT SAFE AGAINST SHEAR

Assume 2 legged 8 mm diameter stirups

Asv=(3.14*d2^2)/4) 157 mm2

Spcing of stirups Sv =((Asv*0.87*fy)/(0.4*bw) 470 mm

minimum spacing 300 mm

Adopt spacing of stirups 300 mm

Assume 2 legged 8 mm diameter stirups

Vs = Vu-tc b d 405616 Kn

Spacing of stirups Sv =(0.87 fy Asv d)/Vs 135.55753348 mm


Adopt sapcing of stirups Sv 130 mm

FINAL SPACING OF STIRIUPS Sv 130 mm


62
1372 3.35 10.05

3.65

3.65

3.65

3.65

3.65

1.1

A G H M