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STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF WALKWAY CONNECTING 500KW LOOP AND SFCT

Live Load on corridors / passages, staircases = 5kN/m2

Weight of Mild steel gratings = 500 N/m2

Self weight of ISMC 150 = 160.9N/m

Load combination1 = (Dead load +Live load)*1.5

Load combination 2 = (Dead load +Live load)*1.2

Design Of Member No. 9 As Per IS:800

Input Parameters

Member Section = ISMC150


Cross Sectional Area Ax = 2088.00 mm 2
Net section factor = 1.00
Net Effective Sectional Area Anet = 2088.00 mm 2
Shear Area Along Major Axis Az = 900.00 mm 2
Shear Area Along Minor Axis Ay = 810.00 mm 2
Radius of gyration rz = 61.10mm
Radius of gyration ry = 22.13mm
Section Modulus About Major Axis Tension Edge
Stz = 103920.02mm3
Section Modulus About Major Axis
Compression Edge Szz = 103920.02 mm3
Section Modulus About Minor Axis - Tension Edge
Sty = 40647.80 mm3
Section Modulus About Minor Axis - Compression Edge
Syy = 20528.74 mm3
Unsupported Length - Major Axis For Slenderness Check
Lz = 4092.49mm
Unsupported Length - Minor Axis For Slenderness Check
Ly = 1023.13mm
Effective Length For Allowable Bending Stress Calculation
Unl (mm) = 1023.13mm
Yield Stress fy (MPa) = 250.00MPa
Allowable Ratio For Interaction Check = 1.00

Bending moment diagram

Design Forces
Combined Axial Force & Bi-axial moment
Axial Load Fx = -1003.51N
Major Axis Moment Mz = 9460217.00 N mm
Minor Axis Moment My = 20749.65 N mm
Critical Loadcase No. = 2
Critical Section = 682.08mm
Beam No. 98
Shear Along Major Axis
Shear Along Major Axis Fz = 967.18N
Critical Loadcase No. 2
Critical Section = 0.00mm
Beam No. 36
Shear Along Minor Axis
Shear Along Minor Axis Fy = 8092.01N
Critical Loadcase No. 2
Critical Section = 937.86mm
Beam No. 104
Details Of Calculation
Slenderness Checking
Lez = 4092.49mm
Ley = 1023.13mm
Lez / rz = 66.98
Ley / ry = 46.22
Actual Slenderness Ratio = 66.98
Allowable Slenderness Ratio = 400.00
Status = SAFE
Check Against Axial Tension And Bi-Axial Bending
Bending Compression governs for Cl 7.1.2
Bending about Major Axis :
Actual Bending Compressive Stress - Major Axis
Fcz = Mz / Szz = 91.03 MPa
Allowable Bending Compressive Stress - Major Axis
fcz_allowable = 157.66 MPa
Bending about Minor Axis :
Actual Bending Compressive Stress - Minor Axis
fcy =My / Syy = 1.01MPa
Allowable Bending Compressive Stress - Minor Axis
fcy_allowable =0.66fy = 165.00MPa
Interaction Checking
Interaction ratio =
fcz / fcz_allowable + fcy / fcy_allowable = 0.58
Status SAFE
Check Against Shear
Shear Stress Along Major Axis Vz =Fz / Az = 1.07MPa
Shear Stress Along Minor Axis Vy =Fy / Ay = 9.99MPa
Allowable Shear Stress V_allowable =0.4fy = 100.00MPa
Interaction ratio (Along Major Axis) =Vz / V_allowable = 0.01
Status SAFE
Interaction ratio (Along Minor Axis) =Vy / V_allowable = 0.10
Status SAFE

Deflection Checking
Deflection plot is as shown below.

Unsupported Length Along Major Axis Lz_deflection = 5149.99 mm


DFF Factor Along Major Axis Dffz = 325
Allowable Deflection Along Major Axis dz_allowable
Lz_deflection / Dffz = 15.85
Actual Delection Along Major Axis dz_actual = 0.69 mm
Critical Loadcase No. = 2
Critical Section = 33.36 mm
Interaction Ratio
dz_actual / dz_allowable = 0.04
Status = SAFE
Unsupported Length Along Minor Axis Ly_deflection = 5149.99 mm
DFF Factor Along Minor Axis Dffy = 325
Allowable Deflection Along Minor Axis dy_allowable
Ly_deflection / Dffy = 15.85
Actual Delection Along Minor Axis dy_actual = 14.9 mm
Critical Loadcase No. = 2
Critical Section = 65.84 mm
Interaction Ratio
dy_actual / dy_allowable = 0.94
Status = SAFE

Since allowable deflection > actual deflection design is safe.

Similarly design of other beams are performed and all the beams were found to be safe. A
summary of design checks are shown in the table below.

Cobn. Shear Shear Deflection Deflection


Beam Slenderness Axial and along y along Z along Y along Z
Group Section check Bending Check check check check
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.033 0.614
M1 ISMC150 0.558 0.677 0.065 0.042
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.229 0.087
M7 ISMC150 0.467 0.531 0.085 0.009
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.941 0.044
M9 ISMC150 0.167 0.559 0.102 0.012
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.796 0.041
M11 ISMC150 0.167 0.494 0.099 0.015
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.004 0.008
M12 ISMC300 0.134 0.17 0.039 0.034
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.098 0.25
M13 ISMC150 0.217 0.464 0.086 0.014
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.013 0.067
M14 ISMC150 0.452 0.312 0.047 0.037
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.165 0.063
M15 ISMC150 0.172 0.578 0.064 0.029
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.014 0.525
M2 ISMB300 0.336 0.642 0.002 0.011
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.003 0.078
M5 ISMB300 0.336 0.231 0.01 0.008
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.06 0.059
M4 ISMB300 0.336 0.239 0.024 0.005
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.02 0.056
M18 ISMB300 0.336 0.171 0.02 0.003
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.097 0.081
M19 ISMC150 0.744 0.473 0.069 0.007
PASS PASS PASS PASS 0.248 0.069
M20 ISMC150 0.335 0.369 0.065 0.005

Inclined beam to box column direct weld joint


Moment of inertia of C weld section
depth of weld = 150 mm
breadth = 75 mm
Moment of inertia of C weld section = 1125000 mm4
direct load on weld = 3693 n
length of weld = 450 mm
direct load per mm = 8.206667 n/mm
bending on joint = 3300000 nmm
normal load per mm due to bending = 220 n/mm
equivalent shear load = 220.153 n/mm
strength of weld / unit length = 336 n/mm
result = Pass

Beam to column connection


Ultimate strength Fe 250 = 412 N/mm2
Partial safety factor for field weld = 1.5
yield strength = 250 N/mm2
e = 1
Property = ISMB300 ISMC 150
Width of flange = 140 75
Thickness of flange = 12.4 9
Thickness of web = 7.5 5.4
Width of beam
Length of seat angle B = flange
= 75
bearing length of seat =
Radius at root = 10 mm
Partial safety factor for material = 1.1 mm
End reaction = 7500 N
Width of flange of ISMC 150 = 75 mm
assumed length of angle = 95
say = 100 mm
length of outstand leg of seat angle "b" = 6.111111
provided "b" = 100 mm
b1 = 81
angle provided ISA 50*50*10MM =
thickness of angle "ta" = 10
Root radius of angle "Ra" = 8.5
b2 = 65.5
M = 198622.7
Md = 340909.1
= safe
length of weld required
thick of weld assumed = 6
=
length of weld required = 8.109375
length fo weld provided = 60 mm
Bending moment diagram for the whole structure
3D model of the structure