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Group Member(s): Pathitta (Earn K.), Suparuk (Ping S.), Laksika (Mild), Pannacha (Miu),
Thanawin (Fahlan)
Country assigned: Egypt
Development goal selected: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Type of Product: Marvelous Pyramid Booth

Product Description:
(Make sure it is clear what the product will look like, what it will include, and how it will be

Trying to think of the idea that is the most unique and outstanding, we think
Marvelous Pyramid Booth, our product, can catch the most attraction from the visitors. We
will take pyramid from Egypt and place it in our school! Impossible; our group is going to
rebuild it at the classroom representing Egypt. We will use the advantage of a corner of the
classroom and build a pyramid-like booth with fabric. There will be no light get into the
inside of the pyramid. The interior of the pyramid will be decorated with mysterious
Egyptian style. Visitors will study about Egypt by walking through our booth. The floor of the
pyramid is filled with real sand. On the wall inside, it will be full of information and pictures
related to Egypt. Another interesting point for our walk-in pyramid is Egyptian food/appetite
that you will have no chance to taste it elsewhere. Besides decoration, traditional food,
information, and pictures, there will be a Pharaohs tomb where one of our teammates will
stand inside waiting to scare visitors who come to the booth and open the tomb. The
concept of our product (Marvelous Pyramid Booth) is to make learning not be limited by
word; the goal is to allow learners/visitors to experience Egypt with their five senses. Our
product will illustrate the urbanization and background information of Egypt plus some
specific event that take place in Egypt.

Summaries: (one paragraph minimum for each section with main ideas only)

Brief background of your country in written in your own words: ( post 1900 creation of
country + some major events that made the country what it is today)

Predynastic Period: Communities in northeastern Africa exchange hunting for

agriculture and made early advances that led to Egyptian arts and crafts, technology,
politics and religion. The land was then separated into two parts, the Red Land and the
White Land. Later, King Menes unify the country again and became the first king.
Archaic Period: King Menes founded the capital of ancient Egypt at White
Walls(Memphis) near the Nile River delta. The development of the foundations of Egyptian
society. At the time, the king was a god-like being. The earliest known hieroglyphic writing
also dates to this period. Most Egyptians were farmers living in a small village. Their
economic is based on agriculture (wheat and barley). The annual flooding made Egyptians
be able to grow wheat because it provided the irritation and fertilization.
Old Kingdom (age of the pyramid builders): Began with the third dynasty of
pharaohs, King Djoser wanted Imhotep (an architect, priest, and healer) to design his
funeral. The result is the Step-Pyramid, worlds first major stone building. Later on, the
Great Pyramid was built at Giza for Khufu and became one of the ancient worlds Seven
Wonders. The third and fourth dynasty was a golden age of peace and prosperity for
Egyptians. Pharaohs held absolute power and provided a stable government. After the sixth
dynasty, the Old Kingdom period ended in chaos due to the huge expense on
pyramid-building and growing influence of the nobility and the priesthood.
First Intermediate Period: Central Authority completely dissolved led to civil war
between provincial governors. The situation gone worse due to the Bedouin invasion and
accompanied by famine and disease. The kingdom was divided in two parts; A line of 17
rulers and another family in Thebes. The Theban prince Mentuhotep managed to reunited
Egypt beginning the 11th dynasty.
Middle Kingdom (12th dynasty): A new kingdom was established at the south of
Memphis. Egypt was once again flourished, as it had during the old kingdom. The kingdom
also built diplomatic and trade relations with Syria, Palestine and other countries, and return
to pyramid-building.
Second Intermediate Period: This was an unsettled period in Egyptian history.
Egypt was divided into several spheres of influence. There was a war between Thebans
and Hyksos.
New Kingdom: Egypt was reunited again by the first king of the 18th dynasty. The
country became the worlds first great empire, stretching from Nubia to the Euphrates River
in Asia. All of the new kingdom rulers were put into the rock-cut tombs.
Third Intermediate Period: Important changes in Egyptian politics, society, and
Alexander Conquest: Alexander the great defeated the armies of the Persian
empire and conquer Egypt. Christianity became the official religion due to the invasion of
Egypt is a country filled with desert and Nile river flowing through. In 1882, Egypt
was invaded by the British who wanted to take control of the Suez Canal. But Egypt could
gain the independence back in 1952. Later in 1970, E gypt and other neighboring Arab
countries fought a series of wars with the Jewish state of Israel. In 1979, Egypt and Israel
signed a peace agreement. In 1981, President Sadat was assassinated by Islamist
extremists. Mubarak who was a vice-president became a president. In 1992-1997, an
Islamic group began to attack the government and tourist targets. Islamic continues the
terror attack in 2005 and developing nuclear one year after. Mohamed ElBaradei, a former
UN nuclear chief, returns to Egypt and forms a coalition for political change in 2010. Muslim
often made crime over in Egypt due to inequality of its role in Egyptian society since 2010.
2013 was the year that the army overthrown the president and changed the constitutional
law into communism. New constitution banned parties based on religion in 2014.
Brief summary of the history of the social issue (based on MDG selected) in your
country: (causes of the social issue in your country)

Egypt's poorest were variously shielded from absolute hardship either by state
subsidies, overseas aid, comparatively low unemployment, or by remittances from
expatriates in the Gulf states. But now one in four young Egyptians is unemployed,
household remittances are low, mobbing and there is a shortage of subsidised goods. In
2011, Egypt has experienced a drastic fall in both foreign investment and tourism
revenues, followed by a 60% drop in foreign exchange reserves, a 3% drop in growth, and
a rapid devaluation of the Egyptian pound. All this has led to mushrooming food prices,
ballooning unemployment and a shortage of fuel and cooking gas causing Egypt's worst
crisis. The problem of poverty in Egypt remains unsolved since 2005 and it seems to be
getting worse. An estimated 13.7 million Egyptians or 17 percent of the population
suffered from food insecurity in 2011, comparing to 14 percent of people who suffered in
2009, according to the report by UN World Food Programme (WFP) and the Egyptian
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). (UN News Centre, n.d.).
More people are moving into poverty than moving out. The poor spends more than half of
their income for buying only food to survive. The poverty continues to lead to malnutrition
especially among the children. Stunting, reflecting chronic malnutrition is irreversible and
stops children reaching their full physical and mental potential, WFP said in a news
release. In nine governorates across all regions in 2011, just over half of children under
five were estimated to suffer from anaemia, classified as a severe public health problem
by the WHO.
Egyptian Revolution was one of the main event that leading to Egypts poverty. The
revolution was aiming to overthrow the President Hosni Mubarak. The Egyptian protesters
focused on legal and political issues including police brutality, state-of-emergency laws,
lack of free elections and freedom of speech, corruption, and economic issues including
high unemployment, food-price inflation, and low wages. The causes of this event are the
thirty years of dictatorship and autocratic rule. The dictatorship has an absolute power to
control over the country, which basically can do everything and make any decision. Good
dictatorship drives country to a better way or vice versa. But, Egypt, whose leader doesnt
manage the country as well as its supposed to be, suffers from being taken disadvantage
from the leader, leaving no resource for developing country itself. Beside the corruption,
dictatorship makes other impact in Egypt as well such as the emergency law, the fault of
constitution, economic distress, growing calls for - constitutional, economic, political, social
reform -, forging the latest parliamentary elections, the successful popular. Thus, people
started to protest and marched to the presidential palace. Their quest is for the resignation
of President Abdel Aziz Bouteflika
Brief summary of how the social issue (based on the MDG selected) has affected your
country (post 1945): (effects of the social issue in your country current situation)

The poverty is the main causes of overpopulation in Egypt. Due to terrible resource
management of Egypts leader, the increasing of population, the products are decreasing
which leads to the higher expenditure of the Egyptian government in order to provide
enough things that is needed for living. Because of the products and crops are not enough,
the cost of living is higher, causing poor people to start stealing things for living and make
the country dont develop. More children are reported to get malnutrition as well as other
disorders. Also, poverty goes in the form of cycle, to be more precise, poor people will have
less chance to study and gain less opportunities. When they grow up, they will have to
work the same way as how their parents do; the work which does not require educated
people. Some of them doesnt even get a job; one in every four young Egyptian is
unemployed. Consequently, the economics of the country is hugely affected. The activity of
the economic slowdown; less people spend or gain money, the economics stop growing.
The rate of tourism falls down. Foreign investment also decreases. Since the people in the
country lose its ability of to buy and sell thing due to poor, the investment from foreigner
has reduced significantly. Moreover, Egypt encounters another economic issue, inflation,
which causes the value of the money to decrease meaning people have to find more
money to buy the same thing. Plus the 30 years of dictatorship, 1981 since Mubarak
officially won the president until 2011 when he is revolted, the corruption severely worsen
the quality of the Egyptians life quality as well as increasing of the rate of crime and
torture. Egypts unstable economics and politic affect the GDP to fall down from 10% in
1980, before Mubarak is selected, to 1.8% in 2011.

Brief summary of what your countrys government has done to deal with the social
issue (based on the MDG selected): (policies in place and progress in dealing with the

In order to deal with the problem of poverty, Egyptian government come up with
plan called Egypts Vision 2030 or Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS). SDS is the
long-term plan which will improve the country and peoples life by 2030 which having the
development dimensions on social, economic and environmental. There are also some
new policies that link the community with the environment and use the tradition to help
develop the country. The strategy has already accomplished in many things to the issue
such as establishing logistics hubs for grain trade and storage to contribute to food
security, launching a cash-transfer program and increase the number of beneficiaries to 3
million poor families, and launching a comprehensive action plan to develop poorest
villages etc.
Egypt even has supports from outside such as the UNDP (United Nations
Development Programme) and WFP (World Food Programme). For over 50 years, UNDP
has been supporting the Egyptian government and people in their efforts to reduce poverty
and to promote sustainable human development policies. One of the UNDP Egypts
success is its long-term support to the Government in building and sustaining strategic
national institutions that have added significant value to improving peoples lives in the
country. The WFP has also helped by providing school meals, food security, buildings,
nutrition, and support for refugees. And while Egypt has not reached the anticipated targets
for poverty reduction yet, visible progress has been made to achieve it.

Reference list for the starter sources used: ( APA format)

- Javarman, D. P., Jackmalipan, D. P., Rraheb, D. P., & Maps, N. G. (2014, March 21).
Egypt Country Profile - National Geographic Kids. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from
- History.com Staff. (2009). Ancient Egypt. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from
- Egypt profile - Timeline. (2017, June 08). Retrieved October 17, 2017, from
- Lowell, L. (n.d.). Social Conditions in Egypt According to the Millennium Development
Goals. Retrieved from
- State Information Service. (n.d.). Egypt launches 2030 development strategy.
Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg/section/4098/4111?lang=en-us
- UN News Centre. (n.d.). Hunger, poverty rates in Egypt up sharply over past three
years UN report. Retrieved from
- Hamed, E. (2014, September 10). Egyptian official: Poverty main cause of
overpopulation. Retrieved from


Our groups goal is to solve or at least improve the problem of poverty in Egypt which
is caused by uncontrollable population growth compared to governments ability to manage
the resource and provide the best public service that its people deserve. There are many
solutions that we have been discussing among our group member: control birth rate, check if
a familys economic background is efficient enough to support a child, and fund more profit
into the country.

List of the main responsibilities

Name Responsibility Potential Source

Ping S. - Research - Javarman, D. P.,

background Jackmalipan, D. P.,
information of Egypt Rraheb, D. P., &
(political, economics, Maps, N. G. (2014,
and social problem) March 21). Egypt
- Research and find Country Profile -
the solutions for the National Geographic
poverty problem that Kids. Retrieved
is best suited for the
October 17, 2017,
- Plan and design the
final product - http://kids.nationalge
Marvelous Pyramid ographic.com/explor
Booth. e/countries/egypt/#e
- Buy materials for gypt-pyramids.jpg
final product. - State Information
- Prepare information Service. (n.d.). Egypt
that is needed to put launches 2030
inside the booth.
strategy. Retrieved

Mild - Research - Egypt profile -

background Timeline. (2017,
information of Egypt. June 08). Retrieved
- Plan the product and October 17, 2017,
- Buy materials for the
final product -
Marvelous Pyramid news/world-africa-13
Booth. 315719
- Decorate a
Marvelous Pyramid
- Prepare a

Earn-K - Research the cause - Lowell, L. (n.d.).

of the poverty Social Conditions in
problem in Egypt Egypt According to
- Plan the product and the Millennium
Development Goals.
- Buy materials for the
Retrieved from
final product -
Marvelous Pyramid http://ucanr.edu/sites
Booth. /uc_and_the_mediter
- Research how raean_/files/110120.
Egypts deal with the pdf
Miu - Research overall - History.com Staff.
background (2009). Ancient
information of Egypt. Egypt. Retrieved
- Plan the product and from October 17,
2017, from
- Buy materials for the
final product.
- Decorate a m/topics/ancient-hist
Marvelous Pyramid ory/ancient-egypt

Fahlan - Play a Pharaoh role - Jennie Dalcour.

in the final product (2017, April 25). How
- Buy materials for the to Build an Ancient
final product - Egyptian Tomb for a
Marvelous Pyramid School Project.
Booth. Retrieved from
- Build a Pharaohs October 29, 2017,
tomb. from

Egypts MDG report:


United Nations Development Programme (n.d.). UNDP in Egypt. Retrieved from


World Food Programme (2017). What the World Food Programme is doing in Egypt
Retrieved from http://www1.wfp.org/countries/egypt

United Nations (2015). Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt's vision 2030 And
Planning Reform Retrieved from