Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

Subject Title: Understanding Culture, Society and Politics No. of hours/semester: 80 hours

Course Description:
This course uses insights from Anthropology, Political Science, and Sociology to develop students awareness of cultural, social and political dynamics, and
sensitivity to cultural diversity; provide them with an understanding of how culture, human agency, society and politics work; and engage them in the
examination of the
countrys current human development goals. At the end of the course, students should acquire ideas about human cultures, human agency, society and politics;
recognize cultural relativism and social inclusiveness to overcome prejudices; and develop social and cultural competence to guide their interactions with groups,
communities, networks, and institutions.

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

A. Starting points for the understanding of The learners demonstrate an The learners: The learners:
culture, society, and politics understanding of:

1. human cultural variation,


1. Sharing of social and cultural backgrounds social differences, social 1. acknowledge human cultural 1. articulate observations on
of students as acting subjects or social change, and political variation, social differences, social human cultural variation,
actors, agents, persons; (examples: identities change, and political identities social differences, social
gender, socioeconomic class, ethnicity, change, and political
religion, exceptionality/non-exceptionality, 2. the significance of studying 2. adopt an open and critical identities
nationality) culture, society, and politics attitude toward different social,
political, and cultural phenomena
2. Observations about social, political, and 3. the rationale for studying through observation and 2. demonstrate curiosity and an
cultural behavior and phenomena anthropology, political reflection openness to explore the origins
(examples: food taboos, istambay, political science, and sociology 3. appreciates the value of and dynamics of culture and
dynasties, elections) disciplines of Anthropology, society, and political identities
Sociology, and Political Science
3. Observations on social, political,and as social sciences
cultural change (examples: txting,
transnational families, local public
services, youth volunteerism)
3. analyze social, political, and
4. Definition of anthropology, political cultural change
science, and sociology

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 1 of


7
SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

4. recognize the common


concerns or intersections of
anthropology, sociology, and
political science with respect
to the phenomenon of change

5. identify the subjects of


inquiry and goals of
Anthropology, Political
Science, and Sociology
B. Defining Culture and Society from the 1. culture and society as 1. appreciate the nature of culture 1. explain anthropological and
perspectives of anthropology and sociology anthropological and and society from the perspectives sociological perspectives on
1. Society as a group of people sharing a sociological concepts of anthropology and sociology culture and society
common culture
2. Culture as a that complex whole which 2. perspectives in/approaches to 2. demonstrate a holistic 2. describe society and culture
encompasses beliefs, practices, values, the study of culture and understanding of culture and as a complex whole
attitudes, laws, norms, artifacts, symbols, society (i.e., comparative, society
knowledge, and everything that a person historical, structural-
learns and shares as a member of functional, interpretive, 3. values cultural heritage and
3. identify aspects of culture
society. (E.B. Tylor 1920 [1871]). critical) express pride of place without
and society
3. Aspects of Culture being ethnocentric
a. Dynamic, Flexible, & Adaptive
b. Shared & Contested (given the reality 4. raise questions toward a
of social differentiation) holistic appreciation of
c. Learned through socialization or cultures and societies
enculturation
d. Patterned social interactions 5. become aware of why and
e. Integrated and at times unstable how cultural relativism
f. Transmitted through mitigates ethnocentrism
socialization/enculturation
g. Requires language and other forms of
communication 6. identify forms of tangible and
4. Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism as intangible heritage and the
orientations in viewing other cultures threats to these

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 2 of


7
SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

C. Looking back at Human Biocultural and Social 1. the human origins and the Analyze key features of 1. trace the biological and
Evolution capacity for culture interrelationships of biological, cultural cultural evolution of early to
2. the role of culture in and sociopolitical processes in human modern humans
1. Biological and cultural evolution: from Homo human adaptation evolution that can still be used and
habilis (or earlier) to Homo sapiens in the 3. processes of cultural and developed 2. explore the significance of
fossil record sociopolitical human material remains and
evolution artefactual evidence in
2. Cultural and sociopolitical evolution: from interpreting cultural and social,
hunting and gathering to the agricultural, including political and
industrial , and post-industrial revolutions economic, processes
a. The Neolithic Revolution
3. recognize national, local, and
b. Early civilization and the rise of
specialized museums, and
the state
archaeological and historical
c. Democratization
sites as venues to appreciate
and reflect on the complexities
of biocultural and social
evolution as part
of being and becoming
human
D. Becoming a member of society 1. how individuals learn culture 1. identify norms and values to be
1. Enculturation/Socialization and become competent observed in interacting 1. explain the development of
a. Identity formation (identities, members of society with others in society, and the ones self and others as a
disciplines, and aspirations) consequences of ignoring these product of socialization and
b. Norms and values rules enculturation
c. Statuses and roles (e.g. age, gender)
2. Conformity and deviance
2. assess the rules of social
a. Social control (gossip, social
interaction to maintain stability of 2. identify the context, content,
ostracism, laws and punishments)
everyday life and the role of processes, and
b. Forms of deviance (ritualism,
innovation in response to consequences of
retreatism, rebellion, and innovation)
problems and challenges enculturation and
3. Human dignity, rights, and the common
socialization
good

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 3 of


7
SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

2. how individuals should 3. recognize the value of human 3. Identifies the social goals
behave as part of a political rights and promote the common and the socially acceptable
community good means of achieving these
goals

4. advocate inclusive citizenship

5. promote protection of
human dignity, rights, and
the common good

E. How society is organized 1. cultural, social, and political 1. analyze aspects of social
1. Groups within society: Primary and institutions as sets of norms organization
Secondary and patterns of behavior that
2. In-groups and out-groups relate to major social 2. identify ones role in social 1. traces kinship ties and social
3. Reference groups interests groups and institutions networks
4. Networks
2. social stratification as the 3. recognize other forms of economic
F. Cultural, social and political institutions ranking of individuals transaction such as sharing, gift
1. Kinship, marriage, and the household according to wealth, power, exchange, and redistribution in
a. Kinship by blood and prestige his/her own society
Descent and marriage
(unilineal, matrilineal, patrilineal, bilateral) 2. describe the organized
b. Kinship by marriage nature of social life and rules
Marriage rules cross-culturally governing behavior
(monogamy vs. polygamy, post-marital
residency rules, referred marriage

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 4 of


7
SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

partners)
c. Kinship by ritual (Compadrazgo) 3. social and political inequalities
d. Family and the household as features of societies and 3. compare different social
Nuclear, extended, and reconstituted the global forms of social organization
families (separated, transnational) community according to their manifest
e. Politics of kinship (political dynasty, and latent functions
alliances)

2. Political and leadership structures


a. Political organization
i. Bands
ii. Tribes
iii. Chiefdoms
iv. States and nations 4. analyze social and political
b. Authority and legitimacy structures
i. Traditional
ii. Charismatic
iii. Rational
3. Economic Institutions
a. Reciprocity 5. analyze economic organization
b. Transfers and its impacts on the lives of
c. Redistribution people in the society
d. Market transactions
e. Markets and state
4. Nonstate institutions
a. Banks and corporations
6. differentiate functions of
b. Cooperatives and trade unions
nonstate institutions in
c. Transnational advocacy groups
society
d. Development agencies
e. International organizations
5. Education 7. evaluate how functions of
a. Functions of education in society education affect the lives of
(formal and nonformal) people in society

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 5 of


7
SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

i. Productive citizenry
ii. Self-actualization 8. promote primary education
iii. Primary education as a human as a human right
right
6. Religion and belief systems 9. conduct participant
a. Animism observation (e.g., attend,
b. Polytheism describe, and reflect on a
c. Monotheism religious ritual of a different
d. Institutionalized religions group; observe elections
e. Separation of church and state practices)
7. Health
a. Culture-specific syndromes and
illnesses (e.g., bughat, 10. recognize the practice of
usog/buyag) medical pluralism in light of
b. Systems of diagnosis, prevention and cultural diversity and
healing (e.g., traditional, western, relativism
alternative healing systems)
c. Health as a human right
G. Social and political stratification
a. Social desirables (wealth, power, 11. examine stratification from
prestige) the functionalist and conflict
b. Social mobility system perspectives
i. Open (Class)
ii. Closed (Caste)
c. Social inequality 12. identify characteristics of the
i. Access to social, political, and systems of stratification
symbolic capital
ii. Gender inequality
iii. Ethnic minorities
iv. Other minorities (e.g., persons
with disabilities) 13. suggest ways to address
v. Global Inequality (relationships global inequalities
between states and nonstate
actors in the global community)

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 6 of


7
SOCIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM GUIDE

CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD PERFORMANCE STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCY

H. Cultural, Social, and Political Change 1. identify new challenges


Sources of social, cultural, and political faced by human populations
1. evaluates factors causing social,
change in contemporary societies
political, and cultural change
1. Innovation
2. Diffusion
2. advocate how human
3. Acculturation and assimilation
societies should adapt to such
4. Social contradictions and tensions (e.g.,
changes
Inter-ethnic conflicts, class struggle,
armed conflict, terrorism, protests,
gender issues) 2. describe how human
the agents/ institutions,
processes, and outcomes of societies adapt to new
I. New challenges to human adaptation and social challenges in the physical,
cultural, political, and social
change social, and cultural
change
1. Global warming and climate change environment
2. Transnational migration and Overseas
Filipino Workers (OFWs)

J. Responding to social, political, and cultural


change
1. Inclusive Citizenship and participatory
governance
2. New forms of media and social networking 3. develop a plan of action for
3. Social movements (e.g., community-based response
environmentalism, feminism) to change

Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Page 7 of


7